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, fNOJVEMBER 16 I, 1940
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j'Uh. ICIGAN DAILY
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NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the wrteru
HERE ARE FEW HEROES in the
1 mechanized madness that is World
War II, but the men who manned H. M. S. Jervis
Bay can be called by no other name.. . Their
ship, a lightly armed ex-passenger liner, was
escorting a convoy of thirty-eight merchantmen
n mid-Atlantic when it was attacked by a Ger-
man pocket battleship. The heavy eleven-inch
guns of the Germans wreaked havoc among the
freighters, but twenty-nine escaped under cover
pf a smoke-screen while the "Jervis Bay" kept
Ahe raider occupied. The Australian craft kept
siring until her decks were awash and finally
sank with the loss of all but sixty-five of he
The Rawalpindi also sank a fev months ago
fighting an enemy that outclassed her in every
way. A converted P. & O. liner, she was at the
mercy of the heavily gunned Deutschland, but
she sank with colors unstruck. At- Dunkirk,
British sailors performed the impossible when
a motley fleet of ferryboats and trawlers evac-
uated some eight hundred thousand under with-
ering enemy fire.
BRITISH SAILORS are not supernen. Win-
ston Churchill brought this home to his
country last week when he told England that
losses to U-boats were threatening "the very
life of the state."' Mines, submarines, and the
new menace of the raider have not eased the
lot of Englishmen who go down to the sea in
ships. But they know that the, future destiny
of tleir country depends? upon kicking their
rusty hulls into home ports with cargo intact.
This war pas not been marked by the dash-
ing-cavalier brand of heroics. It has been too
critical a struggle for any such frivolities. Irwin
Shaw's "gentle people" have cornered the mar-
ket in courage. It is the "gentle people" who
calmly stand by their desks in London or Berlin,
while the cavaliers overhead attempt to bomb
* hell out of them. They, just as the work-a-day
bluejackets of the "Jervis Bay," are giving their
lives to preserve some semblance of sanity in
- Dan Behrmann
The Freshman. .
T HE MUCH-PUBLICIZED SYSTEM
of student assistants instituted in
Jordanl Hall this fall has already indicated that
it will achieve ultimate success, according, to
reports from Esther Colton, House Director. The
purpose of the plan, which is being tried out for
the first time here, is to advise entering fresh-
men on any problems which may confront them
and to help them become well-balanced college
women in a shorter time than would ordinarily
The 19 assistants, who were chosen from 80
applicants last spring, represent a cross-sectiohii
of the feminine side of the campus. Of the 14
sophomores, two juniors and two seniors who
make up the group, two hold scholarship five
are affiliated with sororities and all are active
in extra-curricular work.
In order to acquaint the girls with their pros-
pective duties, they were put through a six-
week's training period last spring. At that time,
thearcstn riaa~nof A ,'.f T'ffive t7y +x 4,d rn-,,
sult of the continuance ofthe cheering and help-
ful atmosphere, only one case of homesickness
was discovered in the whole dorm. Surely this
in itself constitutes a fine tribute to the success-
That they have been diving into activities
under the new regime can be shown by the fact
that under the urgence and direction of the
assistants one out of every three freshmen peti-
tioned for dorm offices in their recent elections.
There has also been a great rush of those who
want toeenter inter-dorm contests and work on
committees within the house. This enthusiasm
now will inevitably result in the participation of
a large proportion of Jordan girls in League ac-
tivities in the future. They have learned how
to petition as the League does, how to work orf
committees of different types and have been
helped considerably in deciding what particular
activity on campus would interest them most b
the help of their advisers, who, since they them-
selves represent so many diverse groups ol
campus, can show the girls just what kind of
work each group covers.
THE ASSISTANTS do not act as policemen.
They answer questions, tutor to the best of
their ability (which must be very fine if one
considers their high academic averages) anyone
who needs it, and make themselves useful in
many advisory capacities.
The success of the system in Jordan may fore-
tell its further development; but for the present.,
we know only that it is succeeding in one dormi-
tory, and the essence of it as stated by Shirley
Risberg, '42Ed, "Nothing is too unimportant to
ask us," is probably the main reason for its
present happy state.
- Gloria Nishon
THOUGH it was undoubtedly con-
scientious and sincere, M. David
Protetch's "disagreeable surprise" letter which
appeared on this page last Wednesday, is sigi-
nificant of a dangerous and hysterical patriotism.
Mr. Protetch deplores the University's casual
observance of Armistice Day, and the fact that
students don't stand up when the national an-
them is played.
What is the "tradition of Armistice Day"?
Nov. 11, 1918, marking the end of an interna-
tional blood-bath, a concentrated slaughter
which enriched a few and impoverished mil-
lions. American finance helped stage the show,
American lives guaranteed the investment, but
the American people gained nothing. Armistice
Day has long since become an excuse for mili-
tary display and for empty political glorifica-
tions of the betrayed thousands who died. This
is the tradition of Nov. 11. No protest, no plea
for understanding, only flag-waving, parading,
and oratory mark the occasion. It would be
far better in these years to forget this tradi-
tion, to keep only the sharp memory of blasted
bodies and mute, deceived corpses.
Military usage, Mr. Protetch, reserves the cus-
tom of standing to the national anthem at strict-
ly ceremonial occasions. To stand "in the pri-
vacy of rooms or in public establishments" is
Mr. Protetch's letter is only one manifestatiop
of the recent, carefully nurtured wave of pa-
triotism which has engulfed the country. Flag
pins, songs like "God Bless America" and star-
spangled bathing suits are other, equally harm-
less symptoms. But witch-hunts, alien-baiting,
persecution of minorities and lynchings are not
so harmless. The growing mob-wofship of the
flag, the blind conception of America as a noble
abstract are leading straight to orthodox na-
tionalism and fascism.
FLAG-WAVING and symbol-saluting will never
strengthen democracy in this country. Be-
fore the pledge of allegiance is reduced to some
sort of "heil," Americans must find real pa-
triotism, the kind Paul Robeson sings in "Ballad,
for Americans." Patriotism must be re-defined,
must cast off the static nationalistic concept.
It must arise not from the superficial mag-
netism of flags and bands, but from a love of
the people of America. It must not be a par-
tial, restricted emotion, but an enduring com-
passion and pride, based on a constructive un-
derstanding of the shortcomings and infinite
potentialities of 130 million people.
The Reply Churlish
Because Bill Newton read a book, and because
by nature and by inclination I -am a lazy person.
I turn over today's column'to aeview of the work
of a guy some people call heel and some hero.
Rene de Chambrun's politicsmay be questionable.
but his family and military conections are of the
best, but the best. If anybody wants me I will be
downtown with beer and ex-Dily men. And so,
in the inimitable prose style of Mr. Newton-
BOOKS which are a pleasure to review are
mighty few and far between, especially books
which are up-to-date and which have legitimate
claims to importance as chronicles or explan-
ations of world events. Captain Rene de Cham-
brun of the late French army, however, man-
aged to turn out one of these rare literary works
when he penned "I Saw France Fall."
Chief beauty of the book is that it is not a
weighty tome containing a detailed analysis of
the causes of the French defeat. It is primarily
an account of what happened to an influential
officer in the French army-Captain de Cham-
brun in the European War, serving in a Maginot
Line fort, working with the British as a liaison of-
ficer in the Battle of France and carrying vital
dispatches to the Paris government after his
evacuation to England via Dunkerque.
The book seems to have caught the spirit of
a cool-headed, thinking, intelligent Frenchman
looking back on his nation's defeat, as well as
the spirit of the French people and their sol-
diers while stalemated during the early months
of the war and in the midst of heart-rending
Captain de Chambrun admits that at first
he saw no reason to fear defeat, that he felt
the Maginot was impregnable. Farther along
in the book he admits that he had confidence
in his country's forces despite their apparent
rout in the Low Countries. Finally, however,
he says that he eventually wondered how France
could have hoped ever to win any war against
Blame for the rout of France's armies is
placed by this observant officer on the weakness
of French leaders who ran the country during
the years preceding the war. They were afraid,
he contends-afraid of losing office if they ad-
mitted to the voters that work, and a great deal
of work, was necessary to keep France on an
even footing with prospective enemies. This,
Captain de Chambrun contends, was true of
nearly every leader in the goevrnment, espe-
cially the bigwigs of the Coimunist Party in
No condemnation of any group could be much
more bitter than Captain deChambrun's attack
on the Communist politicians who ran France
under the Front Populaire. Blum-Leon Blum
who was once hailed as the salvation of his
country-he calls incompetent and insincere.
Thorez, leader of the Communist Party for a
long time, is labeled as 100 percent Moscow Com-
munist-a man who would get in touch with
the Soviet government before making an im-
portant decision in the French Chamber of
But more gripping than his analysis of France
before the war and today-a great deal of his
material was gained from his father-in-law,,
Pierre Laval-is Captain de Chambrun's descrip-
tion of his own experiences in the combat part
of the war.
As war was declared, he was detailed to head
evacuation and flooding of an old Lorraine vil-
lage before reporting to, a Maginot Line fort
as a machine gun officer. His accounts of the
daily happenings in the Line, his descriptions
of the fort, his record of entirely personal feel-
ings-all combine to give the reader a human
Then Captain de Chambrun was attached to
brigade after brigade of British troops as they
moved into the front lines, serving as a liaison
officer and observing a great deal of minor action
at first hand. He was with Lord Gort on his
first inspection of a Maginot Line fort, and he
served as interpreter for King George when His
Majesty visited the front.
Promoted to a captaincy, he was sent to
Flanders for liaison duty only a few days before
the blitzkrieg got under way. He witnessed
at first hand one of the greatest air attacks
in history, acting as a questioner of captured
German pilots whose ships were brought down.
Then Captain de Chambrun moved into Bel-
giumwith the British, assigned to find billets
for the advancing troops. He fought his way
through hordes of refugees, talking with beaten
Belgian officers who in their excitement re-
vealed truths about betrayals and treacherous
surrenders. Trying to get out of Belgium, he
apprehended a fifth columnist in action and
shot him when he fled.
Captain de Chambrun was in Arras as it was
surrounded by Nazi troops and managed to es-
cape by mingling with refugees. He sat through
the historic meeting at which Ironside, Gort,
Blanchard and Billotte tried .vainly to plan an
effective counter-attack. Fiially he was given
important dispatches and told to deliver them
His only way out was through Dunkerque.
He dodged infantry, air and tank forces, half
running and half walking to the coast. He
reached England eventually .and luckily-"eenie-
meenie-minie-mo" helped him pick a launch
which crossed the channel safely. Soon he was
seated in a hedgehopping light plane that dodged
German ships in a desperate trip to Paris. That
concluded his experience under fire. That was
Captain de Chambrun was certainly the right
man to undergo the experiences he went through.
A great-great-great-grandson of Lafayette, he is
the son of a Cincinnati Longworth. He has spent
By CHESTER BRADLEY
Magda had fled from a small pro-
vincial town in southwestern Poland
late in November. 1939.
Her father, an instructor in a Polish
school, had been almost immediately
incarcerated by the Nazi invaders.
He was of a minority race.
Magda and her young brother,
Stanislaus, had received orders to
leave their country without delay.
Their trek across Western Europe
was a torturous journey.
One of incredible hardship and
No promise of a better life in Wes-
tern Europe-a region so wracked
with its own war-time sufferings, so
overwhelmed by the gigantic prob-
lems of its own decadent society that
it could do little or nothing for the
new influx of refugees.
Quite by chance Magda was able
to secure passage on a boat to Amer-
ica for herself and Stanislaus.
Magda arrived in New York with
a feeling of anticipation. Here in
America surely, she and her brother
could attempt to construct a new
pattern of living to replace the old
one, so suddenly and so completely
But the refugee centers were over-
crowded. They were handicapped by
a serious lack of funds. They were
swamped with requests for assistance.
In desperation Magda picked up1
occasional piece-work in a garmentj
factory. But she became acutely con-1
scious of a prevalent anti-alien pre-
judice, and she knew that her em-
ployer was taking advantage of her
position by paying her considerably
less than her fellow workers. Her
academic, slightly pedantic English
was curiously out of tune with the
idiom of the factory.
Magda became desperately unhap-
py. Her new environment meant to
her nothing more than a melange of
confused impressions: the 'strident
pace of metropolitan life in New
York City was so different from the
mellow, old-world atmosphere of her
provincial Polish town. Her job, she
knew, offered no opportunities for the
adequate expression of her universi-
ty-trained talents. She was baffled,
Magda's plight is but a single
instance of the epic tragedy of the
twentieth century: the aimless
wanderings of a host of homeless
exiles, hapless victims of a mon-
strous political tyranny. Across the
world's surface trudges the pathetic,
ahnost totally inept refugee-some-
times in mass hegira, again in in
pitifully small family units. At all
times he is a tremendous indict-
ment of modern civilization.
But the sequel of Magda's story is
less unhappy, less grim, less dis-
She was finally able to gain admit-
tance to the Scattergood Hostel,
Iowa, a refugee settlement managed
There she learned new skills, be-
There she learned new skills, be- World of 1940.
WASHINGTON.-To the boys on
the Democyatic side of the House of
Representatives, many of them still
nervously mopping their brows over
narrow escapes, the hero of the hair-
raising campaign was no big-shot
The big names got all the public-
ity, but in the House all the praise
is for a youngster whose name was
scarcely mentioned. But he left his
mark on the battle-as GOP cam-
paign managers will ruefully attest.
Their Nemesis and the Democrats'
unknown hero was Representative
Lyndon Baines Johnson, a rangy 32-
year-old, black-haired, handsome
Texan, who has been in Congress
only three years but who has poli-
tical magic at his finger tips, and a
way with him that is irresistible in
How Johnson took over the Demo-
cratic congressional campaign, when
it looked as if the party was sure to
lose the House, and without fanfare
turned a rout into a cocky triumph,
is one of the untold epics of the elec-
Three weeks before Nov. 5 you
could have put the gloom around
Democratic congressional headquar-
ters with a knife. The campaign
committee, headed by Representative
Pat Drewry, a charming and dawd-
ling Virginian, had collapsed like.,the
minister's one-hoss shay. Activity
had so bogged down that hard-
pressed candidates had quit even
asking for help. It was just a waste
For the Republicans it looked like
a lead-pipe cinch at long last to re-
gain control of the House. They
needed only 48 new seats, and strong-
ly supported GOP candidates were
storming the ramparts against frantic
Democratic incumbents in more than
This was the situation When
Speaker Sam Rayburn and Flor
Leader John McCormack went to the
President and told him something
had to be done and done quick. He
said, "What do you suggest?"
"Put Lyndon Johnson in charge and
give him a free hand."
"Sold," replied Roosevelt. "That
was my idea, too. That boy has got
what's needed. Tell Lyndon to see
Johnson saw the President at
breakfast the next morning. Three
hours later he had an office (tucked
away in a downtown business build-
ing) and a staff rolling in high gear.
And it continued rolling fifteen and
eighteen hours a day for the re-
mainder of the campaign.
The response to Johnson's dynamic
drive was electric. Imperiled can-
didates, who had given up hope of
any outside help, fell on his neck
with piteous cries. Overnight SOS
calls began to pour in from coast
to coast. None went unheeded.
In all, Johnson aided more than
150 Democratic congressional can-
didates. The results speak for them-
The CaseOf Magda
gan an intensive study of "practical"
English, and attended frequent lec-
tures on American customs and insti-
tutions. Stanislaus. too, was able to
continue his elementary education.
After several months at Scatter-
good Hostel, Magda secured a teach-
ing position at a private school in
Gradually her life took on new
meaning. The rustic folkways of the
Middle West were strangely pleasing
to her, for they reminded her in a
hundred disarming ways of her native
country. Her work was interesting.
She was self-sufficient. And she was
experiencing the gratifying feeling
of "belonging," of becoming an im-
portant part of a compact social unit.
Her life had new verve, new charm.
Yes, she was almost happy again.
The case of Magda represents an
important trend in solving the re-
fugee problem. Economic rehabili-
tation and environmental assimila-
tion is, and must continue to be,
the keystone of an effective refugee
policy. But such a policy requires
not only intelligent planning but
alsoefficientdexecution as well as
atdequate funds. The various refu-
gee services have made an enor-
mously successful contribution. But
their admirable efforts deserve even
wider and more consistent public
support. Let it be said that Ameri-
can Democracy is still capable of
constructive achievement in the
World °of 1940.
(Continued from Page 2)
7:00 p.m. Dr. Elzada Clover will show
her movies in color of her expedition
into the unexplored regions of the
Southwest, "The Indian Country."
This follows the regular Sunday sup-
per. Because of the unusual interest
in Dr. Clover's talk, the pictures will
be shown in the Small Ball Room of
the Michigan Union.
Figure Skating: Men students in-
terested in instruction in figure skat-
ing are invited to enroll in either
of the two classes offered by the De-
partment of Physical Education for
Women. Students must register in
Room 15, Barbour Gymnasium by
Monday, November 18.
Lutheran Student Association will
meet Sunday evening in the Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall at 5:30 p.m.
Supper will be served, and afterward
Loyal Gryting will lead'a panel dis-
cussion on topics of importance to
Student Guild will have supper at
6:00 p.m., Sunday, Nov. 17 at the
church. Prof. L. Raleigh Nelson will
tell of his work and experiences at
the University of Michigan Interna-
Unitarian Church: 11:00 a.m. "Hu-
man Hunger and Divine Food." A
Thanksgiving Sermon by Rev. Mar-
7:30 p.m. "The Idealist's Dilemma"
by Prof. A. K. Stevens. Round Table
9:00 p.m. Coffee Hour.
The Ann Arbor Society of Friends
meets in Lane Hall Sunday afternoon.
Meeting for worship, 5:00-6:00 p.m.
Discussion of Quaker "articles of be-
lief," 6:00-7:00 p.m.
First Presbyterian Church: 9:45
a.m. Bible Class for University stu-
dents in the Choir Room. Prof. R. D.
10.45 a.m. "The Responsibility of
God" will be the subject of the sermon
by Dr. W. P. Lemon.
5:00 p.m. A Thanksgiving Pageant,
"The Bread of Life," will be presented
by the Westminster Student Guild
and the Board of Deacons at a Vesper
candlelight service for the benefit of
the World Student Service Fund. The
public is invited.
Disciples Guild (Christian Church):
10:00 a.m. Students' Bible Class, H.
L. Pickerill, leader.
10:45 a.m. Morning Worship, Rev.
Fred Cowin, minister.
6:30 p.m. Disciples Guild Sunday
evening Hour. Mr. Kenneth Morgan,
director of the Student Religious As-
3ociation, will introduce a new series
3f discussions on "Personal Religious
Living." Social Hour and refresh-
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
Sunday services at 10:30 a.m., sub-
ject, "Mortals and Immortals." Sun-
day school at 11:45 a.m.
First Methodist Church: Morning
Worship Service at 10: 40 o'clock. Dr.
C. W. Brashares will preach on
Wesley Foundation. Student Class
at 9:45 a.m. with Prof. George Car=
rothers. Wesleyan Guild Meeting at
6:00 p.m. Our discussion groups on
"Religious Beliefs," "Christian Wor-
ship," and "Social Action," will be re-
sumed. Fellowship hour and supper
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church,
Sunday: 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion.
11:00 a.m. Morning Prayer and
Sermon by the Reverend Henry Lewis.
11:00 a.m. Junior Church Barn Ser-
clothing for the poor will be present-
ed at the altar.
11:00 a.m. Kindergarten, Harris
7:00 p.m. College Work Program,
Harris Hall. "The Church in Action,"
general topic. The Rev. Frederick W.
Leech will speak on "Social Conscious-
ness, 60-300 A.D." Games and refresh-
Zion Lutheran Church services
Sunday morning at 10:30. Rev. E. C.
Stellhorn will deliver thb sermon on
"Sanctifying God's Gifts."
Trinity Lutheran Church services
Sunday morning at 10:30. Rev. H. 0.
Yoder will deliver the sermon on "Re-
sponsibilities Require Vigilance."
First Baptist Church: 10:30 a.m.
The Church at Worship.- Reverend S.
D. Bawden of India will speak on
"The Challenge of India."
11:30 a.m. Professor LeRoy Water-
man's Class for graduate students,
and Mr. Loucks' class for undergrad-
uates meet in the Guild House.
6:30 p.m. Roger Williams Guild
meets in the Guild House. Dr. Bawden
will speak on "Curing Criminals in
THOSE campus publicity men asking you to
"take a number" don't have anything new.
The government thought of that a long-time ago.
* *, *
Maybe you can win something more pleasant
than a job in the army, though. Maybe ....
* * *
A wind tunnel with air speeds up to 100
miles an hour is being built at the University
of Santa Clara. For faculty speeches, no
Dr. Anna Augusta von Helmholtz Phelan of
the University of Minnesrfta English department,,
is an expert on cats. With a name like that we
could be an expert on antidisestablishmentarian-
A VASSAR college - expert announces that
cracked ice will emit glows and flashes of
light if cold enough. We announce that it emits,
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