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November 15, 1940 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1940-11-15

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

..
-

ICHIGAN DAILY

.u. XXJ

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved:
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
tecond class mail matter.
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00: b ail, *4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR, NATIONAL ADVERTISING SY
Natinal Advertising Service, Inc.
4olege Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO * BOSTON e LOS ANGELES * SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Editorial Staff

Servie Haufler .
Alvin SarasohnN .
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky .
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
taonald Wirtchafter
asther Osser
Helen Corman

. . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. . . .oCity Editor
. . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
S . . Associate Editor
* . . Associate Editor
* . . .Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
. . Exchange Editor

FIRE-ahtdWAE
By MASCOTT
Tonight at precisely 6:15, an extraordinary freedom is only relative. For The Daily, thougl
banquet will be held. It will be a banquet in it is not censored, is especially in the writing of
honor of the 50th anniversary of the Michigan its editorials, ever subject to its own horrible.
Daily. integrity killing self-censorship.
No purely free meal this. Some anniversary Specifically. The Daily's self-censorship is
banquets are just that. But tomorrow's cele- well-evidenced on the editorial page which too
bration banquet will be something more. That's consistently we feel is crammed with lengthy,
why we plan to attend. insignificant, innocuous editorials. For the jun-
The presence at the banquet of distinguished ior night editor (the most frequent editorial
alumni will, indeed, contribute to the significance writer) feels that an appointment to the senior
of the affair. But the major significance will staff of The Daily is worth more than his own
not be the people, nor the food, nor the good- integrity and thus too often writes editorials
fellow atmosphere that is bound to prevail. It that are meaningless, that are designed to please
will be the realization that the ideals with which the Board in Control (in charge of appoint-
The Daily was dedicated and founded have been ments) rather than express anything worth ex-
maintained over a 50-year period. pressing. This type editorial writing is indicated
Those ideals we would define as (1) the de- in firquent editorials ending with such statements
sire to serve as a vital educational force on the as "developments in Japan should be watched
Michigan campus; and (2) the attempt to make with interest," "we should do our utmost to.
The Daily one of the few "free" papers in the strengthen Pan-American relations." The as-
country while indicating the ability of students sumption upon which such editorials are writ-
to manage such an enterprise with a minimum ten is that the Board in Control penalizes those
of outside control. students who express their true feelings by fail-
Confronted with a situation in which almost ure to appoint these same students to senior
every paper in the United States finds its hands positions. This assumption, on the basis of past
tied by its ownership or by its advertising to appointments, can be questioned, though it
"color" the news, to present biased treatment cannot be completely denied.
on such items as labor, the New Deal, and all What we feel then is most needed for the
variations of liberalism, The Daily on the other improvement of The Daily is (1) a re-clarifica-
hand because of its unique position has consis- tion of appointment policy by the Board in Con-
tently presented all the news, freely, openly, trol; (2) the gradual democratization of the
impartially. Such a Daily, when contrasted Board to include more student representation;
with some of our more biased dailies, is (3) allowing the appointment of the new senior
definitely a refreshing, educational experience. editors purely by the vote of the out-going sen.
The Daily secondly has indicated the ability ior editors (the men who know the juniors best
qff students to run successfully a modern news- and can best judge upon the juniors' abilities),
paper in its entirety; in the handling of Asso- and (4) more adequate payment to the junior
ciated Press news, the coverage of a tremendous night editors and sports night editors of Thy
beat (the University of Michigan and the city Daily (for they are the men who do the brunt
of Ann Arbor); in the handling of the technical of the work with the minimum of monetary
details of night editing, (make-up and head- reward).
line writing), and in the handling of the busi- So The Daily tonight celebrates its 50 years
ness details (advertising, circulation, budgeting). of successful existence. We hope to attend the
But despite The Daily's 50 years success in 100th anniversary of The Daily. We whole-
the handling of its business and editorial af- heartedly hope that when we drop into The
fairs, this column is intended to be no panegyric. Daily in 1990 the same good-fellow yet earnest
For The Daily definitely has its faults. Even atmosphere will prevail among the members
we will admit that occasionally the proofreading of the staff and that, above all, we will see a
is shoddy, the make-up sloppy, the writing of completely free Daily, still serving as one of
stories amateurish. But the Dailymen do their the most vital, refreshing educational institu-
best to remedy these difficulties. tions in the whole University of Michigan, run-
The Daily, too, though it has handled its ning its own affairs and appointments with
business affairs successfully for the past 50 complete freedom yet responsibility. We know
years, does have its troubles and its circulation the Daily boys of today and the Daily boys of
problems. the future will be capable of such an under-
And above all, though The Daily is free, that taking. They have proved it in the past 50 years.
Washington Merry-Go-Round

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Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

NIGHT EDITOR: GERALD E. BURNS
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
The Daily's
Heritage.*.
IN 1890 a group of University stu-
dents started the publication of the
U. of M. Daily. It was only a small journal, four
columns wide, and it ran four pages. The front
page wasn't sensational, and the choice of news
items ran to the conservative, but, apparently,
it formed a solid journalistic basis for succes-
sive Dailies, for, tonight, about 450 Daily men
and women-past and present-will gather to
feast and toast The Daily's fiftieth anniversary.
For half a century, The Daily has kept on pub-
lishing a successively better paper. It has grown
from that little four-column four-pager to the
large size publication of today. It has grown
so that it is now the counterpart of the large
metropolitan newspaper, carrying besides local
coverage, wrld and international news, syn-
dicated columns and, cartoon, pictures and a
whole flock of other features.
The Daily today has a fine big publications
plant that would put to shame the equipment
of most metropolitan newspapers. It's a big
outfit now, and we like to think that it's been
a big service to the University and to the stu-
dents. What makes this a great day for us on
the present Daily staff, however, is not being
able to compare and see how much The Daily
has improved from that day in September of
1890. It is rather that several hundred old Daily
men felt that their stay on The Daily staff was
such an important part of their lives that they
left whatever they, were doing in all parts of
the country to come back here and join with
us in honoring The Daily's past, present and
future. Many of these men are busy in pur-
suing their careers and many have had to travel
long distances to get here. Many of them have
been away from Ann Arbor for such a long time
that it might be thought that they had lost
interest in the University.
BUT THE BOYS HAVE COME BACK, and
more than that, they are putting out a spe-
cial edition of The Daily which will come out
tomorrow morning. They have not lost touch
with the University, with Ann Arbor, or with
The Daily. Many of them have told us that
they feel that The Daily was one of the best
and most important parts of their lives.
That is why the present Daily staff feels so
honored at being able to play host to these men
ard their wives tonight. For The Daily means
a lot to us, and it flatters us to be the inheritors
of the pride of so many who have already proven
themselves in the world. As we see all these
members of past staffs come back, we are en-
couraged more than ever to maintain a good
and a free newspaper, to yell long and loud
when something doesn't seem right, to fight
what we feel is wrong and to support what we
feel is good, for they did it and then passed it
on to us.
We hope all you old Daily men have a good
time while you're in Ann Arbor. The Daily's
holding open house all day today and tomorrow,
there's the banquet tonight, and the weekend
will be complete when you see Michigan's foot-
ball team wallop Northwestern tomorrow.
--Alvin Sarasohn
Jap Steel Ban
If the president follows a confidential recom-
mendation of the Defense Commission, the em-
bargo on scrap to Japan wil] be extended to in-

h
oQ O p h ;'
I
E S
i

WASHINGTON - The Dies Committee will
shortly touch off another bombshell about "Tro-
jan Horse" operations.
The committee has obtained documentary ev-
idence of the existence of a secret "Intelligence
Service of the Berlin-Rome Axis" that has been
carrying on large scale activities in the U. S.
and Canada.
According to committee records, boss of the
organization is Matthias Schmitz, director of
the German Library of Information, top Nazi
propaganda agency in this country. Schmitz is
a former teacher of berman at an exclusive girls
college.
Committee sleuths obtained correspondence
showing that Axis agents hold regular meetings
in Schmitz'* New York home, attended also by
members of German and Italian consulates in
the East. Also, that the group is intensely in-
terested in stirring up trouble between the U. S.
and Japan, in order to "deflect American pub-
lic opinion from Europe and thus hinder as-
sistance to Great Britain."
Documents in possession of the committee
show that working closely with Schmitz was
Dr. Manfred Zapp, head of the Nazi Transocean
News Service. One document is a lengthy cable
recently sent to Berlin urging a campaign to em-
broil the U. S: and Japan.
Guarantee of Neutrality
"The only and at the same time the strongest,
guarantee of American neutrality," Zapp cabled,
"appears to be the continued ruffling of Amer-
ican relations with Japan. Such a course for the
present and for an indefinite period will not per-
mit' a European involvement of the United
States."
Another function of the Axis Intelligence Ser-
vice is the "winning over" of important American
business leaders to an appeasement policy. Com-
mittee evidence discloses much effort to a prom-
inent motor official who has publicly advocated
appeasement. In one communication Zapp de-
clared it essential to court favor with this and
other big industrialists "who can prove very use-
ful to us."
The evidence also shows that the Intelligence
Service is being financed by the Nazi govern-
ment through the German Library headed by
Schmitz. No records were found of any funds
coming from Italy, but the Library received
$189,394 in the last five months from Berlin.
One item of expenditure was a monthly salary
to George Sylvester Viereck, German lecturer
and writer, who was on close terms with the
late Senator Ernest Lundeen of Minnesota. The
committee has a photostat of a contract show-
ing that Viereck is paid $500 a month by the
Library.
Note - The Dies Committee also has evidence
that Axis agents haxe been at work obtaining
information about armament prodIction and

ing to town when they passed a turtle sunning
himself along the roadside. Remarked the farm-
er, "That turtle reminds me of those WPA peo-
ple you Democrats foisted on us taxpayers."
A mile down the highway a rabbit suddenly
leaped out and in a couple of soaring jumps was
out of sight. Observed the Democrat; "That rab-
bit reminds me of you farmers heading for town
to collect your government crop benefit checks."
Gen. Johnson's Bet
J. David Stern, crusading publisher of the
New Deal Philadelphia Record, bet General
Hugh Johnson $50 that Roosevelt would win. The
day after election, Johnson wired Stern inquir-
ing whether their wager was $50 or $100.
Telegraphed back Stern, "Unfortunately it
was $50. Please pay by check so I can endorse it
over to the Anti-Defamation League."

.

The
City Editor's
.510c1 atch
pad

ART]
By JOHN MAXON
THE NOTED FRENCH PAINTER,
Amedee Ozenfant, whose pic-,
tures are receiving an exhibition in
Alumni Memorial Hall, delivered a
University Lecture yesterday in the
Rackham Building. Mr. Ozenfant
proved to be as stimulating as a
speaker as he is as a painter. He
remains ever the theorist, and his
theories proved to be delightfully
simple.
Mr. Ozenfant emphasized the im-
portance of seeing the fundamental
principles underneath the surface
forms of art, which are subject to
change and whim.He declared what
has been repeated over and over in1
discussions of art but cannot be em-
phasized too often, that art is or-
ganization. He reiterated that art
begins where organization begins,
and art evolves from chaos as man
applies the power of selection. To
illustrate his point, he showed photo-
graphs from nature which displayed
only primeval chaos, and then he
contrasted these with the earliest
efforts of man towards art, tho cave;
drawings. This drawing-out of the
specific from the general is always
the first step in the way of art.
THE IMPORTANCE of the Gestalt
theory in psychology is great in
understanding the motive behind art,
Mr. Ozenfant feels. He avers that
the desire to see shapes and forms
manifested is essential, and one is"
inclined to find his thesis most per-
suasive. But when he reduces the
types of shapes to two basic varieties,
one feels that he rather oversimpli-
fies things. One will readily agree to
his notion of the shape of basic
satisfaction, but one is not so easily
taken in by the 'sour gherkin shape,
the shape of romance.' The history
of art would seem to indicate that
the purely formal use he would as-
sign to this 'shape of romance' is in-
adequate. It is well enough to show
the Venus of Willendorf as a speci-
men of this use of forms, but one
cannot forget the ritualistic signifi-
cance of such a work of art. True
enough, Mr. Ozenfant was unable
to take enough time to go into his
adaptation of the Gestalt theory to
present it in its entirety. In his one
hour discourse henwas only able to
give a rough outline and to hint at
the rest.
PERHAPS the most invigorating"
part of the speech was that part
which dealt with more familiar works
of art. Mr. Ozenfant proposed the
shape of the clam or pebble as found
in nature as one of the great basic
shapes to which the human organ-
ism responds. Using this as a basic
type he pointed out its use in Mi-
chaelangelo, the Flemish primitives,
and its non-appearance in such a
painter as Rosa Bonheur in the nine-
teenth century or in the ordinary
commercial illustration. He holdsI

(Continued from Page 2)
Exhibitions

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

-1

The Annual Exhibit of Photography
by the Ann Arbor Camera Club will be
held in the Mezzanine Galleries of the
Rackham Building until November
18. The Exhibit is open daily from
10:00 a.m. until 10:00 p.m.
Exhibition: Paintings by Ozenfant
and drawings by William Littlefield
are now showing in Alumni Memorial
Hall, afternoons 2:00-5:00 until Nov.
22. This is under the auspices of the
Ann Arbor Art Association. Members
and students are admitted free.
Events Today
A staff meeting for all Union
Sophomores and freshmen will be
held today at 4:30 in room 302 of
the Michigan Union. All staff mem-
bers are requested to attend.
Graduate Tea Dance- (Informal)
will be held today from 4:00 to 5:45
p.m. in the Assembly Hall of the
Rackham Building. Graduate stu-
dents and faculty only.
Rifle--Women Students: There
will be a meeting for all women stu-
dents interested in rifle activities in
the main lounge of the Women's Ath-
letic Building today at 4:30 p.m. No
previous experience is necessary.
Zeta Phi Eta will meet today in
room 4208 Angell Hall. Attendance
is compulsory.
Wesley Foundation: Bible Class in
Room 214 with Dr. Brashares at 7:30
tonight. A "Know Your Campus"
Scavenger Hunt at 9:00 p.m. tonight.
Westminster Student Guild of the
Presbyterian Church will hold a dress
rehearsal for the pageant, "The Bread
of Life," tonight at 8:30.
Westminster Student Guild, Bible
Class: "The Oldest Life of Jesus as
Reflected in the Letters of Paul"
will be the subject of Dr. Lemon's
Bible Class tonight at 7:30. The class
is open to all and is held in the
Vance Parlor.
Harris Hall Students: There will
be a tea this afternoon from 4:00 to
5:30. All students are welcome.

is holding an Amateur Night tonight
at 8:30. There will be a variety of
vocal and instrumental numbers.
Games and refreshments. All stu-
dents are welcome.
Hillel Institute of Jewish Studies:
The class entitled "The Jew in the
World Scene will meet at the Foun-
dation today at 4:15.
Conservative Services will be held
at the Hillel Foundation tonight at
7:30. They will be followed by a
Fireside Discussion, entitled "This
Changing World," tobe led by Prof.
Howard M. Ehrmann. The public is
welcome.
"The Bat," a mystery melodrama
by Mary Roberts Rinehart and Avery
Hopwood, will be presented at the
Mendelssohn Theatre through Sat-
urday night of this week. Seats may
be reserved by calling 6300 between
10:00 a.m. and 8:30 p.m.
Coming Events
The Research Club will meet Wed-
nesday, November 20, at 8:00 p.m. in
the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. The following papers will
be read:
"Guesses at the Meaning of Some
Greek Words," by Professor Camp-
bell Bonner.
"The Spectroscopy of the Far In-
fra-red and its Significance," by
Professor H. M. Randall.
German Table for Faculty Members
will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room, Michigan Union.
Faculty members interested in Ger-
man conversation are cordially in-
vited, There will be a brief talk on
"Das Choral Union Program (Fort-
setzung)" by Mr. Hanns Pick.
Alpha Phi Omega installation and
initiation banquet on Sunday, Nov.
17, at 5:30 p.m. at the Union. H.
Roe Bartle,tNational President, will
be the guest speaker.
The Married Couples' Co-operative
Group will meet at 8:00 p.m. Sun-
day in room 304, Michigan Union.
International Center: Dr. Elzada
Clover 'will present her moving pic-
tures-in color of the "Indian Coun-
try" in the regular Sunday evening
series of the International Center
Sunday evening, NovembeZ 17, at 7
o'clock, in the small ball room of
the Michigan Union. The public is
invited.
Saturday Luncheon Group will meet
Saturday at 12:15 pin. at Lane Hall.
Ice Skating Classes for Women Stu-
dents will meet at the Coliseum be-
ginning the week of November 18.
Bring skates and be prepared to pur-

-Awl)
iAiw>

Between 2,000,000 and 4,000,000 turkeys per-
ished in this week's storms, a news item says.
Feathers in the breeze don't make for meat on
the Thanksgiving table.
Small red reflectors are being attached to
the tails of female coons released this fall by
the Huntington, Ind. hunters' association. Then
when a red glare is sighted in the beam of a
flashlight the gunmen know not to shoot. Next
year come the license plates.
Just to keep the record straight: those
glowing war dispatches are being written
in Athens.
*i * *
This newly-kindled affection of Republicans
for Democrats would have to come at the same
moment Adolf and Vyacheslav are murmuring
sweet nothings in each other's ears.
"I didn't raise my daughter to be fiddled
with," said the pussy cat as she rescued her
offspring from the violin factory.
And as one girl put it: "Everything I want
to do is either illegal, immoral, or fattening."
* *T*o
The Amer'ican Association for the Advan 'e-

Coffee Hour will be held
Hall today, 4:00-5:30 p.m.
dents are welcome.

at Lane'
All stu-

The Gamma Delta Students' Club
of St. Paul's Lutheran Church pre-
sents Keystone, The Magician, at the
social Room of St. Paul's Lutheran
Church tonight at 8:00 p.m. Admis-
sion fee.

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