THE MICHIGAN OXIVY
.UNESDt Y. OCTO
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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
CAA As Part Of War Machine
Arouses Comments Pro And Con
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
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Here Are Both Sides.. .
"I pledge myself to apply for further flight
training in the military service of the United
Thus reads the last clause on all applications
for training by the Civil Aeronautics Authority
this year-a clause which has been criticized by
a vast majority of the student body since its
existence has been known. However, there are
clearly two sides to this argument.
It is obvious, of course, that the CAA has
changed its policy entirely and that its name
today belies its purpose but it should also be re-
membered that the government needs pilots and
that this is probably the easiest and least objec-
tionable way to get them.
According to an official interpretation of the
pledge, the student completing CAA training is
merely held by more or less of a "gentlemen's
agreement" to go into the Air Corps "at a date
to be set by the trainee." If, however, the trainee
becomes eligible for the draft he will immediate-
ly be placed into flight training in the military
The last part of this interpretation is the one
which has raised most of the objection because
it is maintained by many that this will take from
the trainee a chance to escape from the draft
through the proposed lottery scheme. Unfor-
tunately no statement has come through stating
whether or not the student will be forced into
training when he is drafted or when he is be-
tween 21 and 35 years of age and fit for service.
Training in the Air Corps, it is contended by
the other side, will be of great benefit to the
individual. His CAA license only entitles him to
fly his own plane but the additional training
will give him the chance to fly all sorts of com-
mercial aircraft-at a good salary.
Today, whether or not we like to admit it, we
are in the face of a national emergency in which
we do need large numbers of pilots. With the
CAA admitting less than one-half of the stu-
dents who wish to enter because of their small
quota it is natural that those selected would be
those who can help serve in the important work
- Albert P. Blaustein
This is not in direct opposition to the accom-
panying editorial by Mr. Blaustein. With Amer-
ica's every resource needed for defense prepara-
tions, there can be little argument, it seems to
me, against the incorporation of the CAA flight
training system into the nation's defense pro-
What I am interested in is the fact that the
CAA has finally been placed in the open, above
board. It is now admittedly a part of the na-
tion's war machine.
They used to tell us, you know, that the CAA
was purely a peaceful organization. They had
a glib explanation about how pilots trained the
CAA way would not go to war-no, in case of
war the pilots on the big airlines would be called
to service and the CAA youngsters would take
over the domestic air service, the mail, the pas-
senger ships. What was wanted was merely a
"back log" of pilots to fill the gaps, not to fight
I remember thinking at the time that it would
be a lot wiser to leave the veterans in charge of
the Stratoliners and the Mainliners and to teach
the younger, more flexible men the art of aerial
combat. But everyone else, apparently, was will-
ing to accept this rather pat explanation, so I
said nothing. Maybe it would have been wiser
to put the kids on the stratoliners.
What gripes me now is that this seems to me
another example of the' "double-dealing" which
has characterized too much of the New Deal's
actions in the last year or so. If you remember
the ludicrous "draft" of President Roosevelt at
convention time, then the CAA announcement
is not surprising. It seems to be in the natural
order of things.
I wonder what further hypocrisies are up the
Administration's sleeves? If the draft, for in-
stance, is needed only for defense why does the
President demand thousands of men more than
the Army thought necessary for adequate pro-
tection of America?
- Hervie Haufler
Hervie Haufler .
Alvin Sarasohn .
Paul M. Chandler
Howard A. Goldman.
Donald Wirtchafter .
. Associate Editor
. . . Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager .
Women's Business Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager
i GL ANP
. Jane Krause
NIGHT EDITOR: CHESTER BRADLEY
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
To Thurman Arnold ..
AN ASTRONOMER who based his
explanation of the universe on the
proposition that the sun revolved about the
earth would soon acquire the reputation of an
astrologer, and a physicist who still taught 19th
century atomic theory would shortly become a
grade school science teacher. Yet in the field
of humanities these same men might well be
honored as statesmen and law-makers.
Stupid indeed that in those questions which
affect us so intimately we show utter disregard
to the truth of our premises and a contagious
inclination to believe in myths however serioN!
may be the consequences. No better example of
this suggests itself than the state of affairs in
the field of monopoly regulation, a problem
which at first glance may seem distant but is in
reality very closely related to economic de-
fOTH the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890
and the Clayton Act of 1914 were enacted
and, more important, have been prosecuted (very
little with the microscopic staff provided) on
the assumption that our economic system coin-
cided with the theories Adam Smith wrote about
150 years ago. However, our economic system
didn't match Adam Smith in 1890 or in 1914,
and it is highly more incongruent with him to-
day. Nevertheless. exclusively defined as monop-
osistic with the broad qualification of "unrea-
sonable" were all contracts, combinations, con-
spiracies in restraint of trade. Price cutting to
drive out competitors, granting rebates, making
false assertions about competitors, acquiring
stock in competing cornorations and interlocking
directorates were outlawed. In essence the eco-
nomic system in and of itself was considered to
he entirely competitive in character, and monop-
oly conditions were thought of exclusively as
the results of the conscious acts of individuals
I TNFORTUNATELY the vast majority of those
in control still consider our economic setup
in that light. There, however, are a few encour-
aging excentions such as the recent prosecution
of the four leading tobacco companies on charges
of monopoly control by Thurman Arnold. United
States assistant attorney-general in charge of
anti-trust enforcement. In this case Arnold did
not restrict himself to classical notions of mo-
nonoly but faced the new character of American
economic life realistically. The four leading to-
bacco comnanies of the country carr on tre-
mendous advertising camnaigns which Arnold
declared, in his nrosecution, automatically block
the entrance of other sellers into the tobacco
market because of the enormous advertising out-
lay that would be reouired to attemnt to com-
nete. Control is concentrated in a few sellers
who can maintain prices without fear of com-
Riut Arnold has only scratched the surface;
though it is a significant scratch indeed. Monop-
olistic influences are exercised through many
conditions of our economy that have not pre-
viously been thought of as monopolistic in na-
ture. Fewness of sellers, differentiation of prod-
uct into brands, heavy fixed charges and other
conditions substantially modify the functioning
of our competitive economy. The monopolistic
conditions they engender intimately affect the
well-being and af uue of our economie life and
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_ _ _a.__. I
FIRE and WATER
(This is a University and one has to cram for
finals. So we delegate the writing of this column
for today to one Hal Wilson, night editor on the
Since this is our first, and perhaps last, ap-
pearance on this page devoted more or less ex-
clusively tonThose Who Think, we feel it wise to
warn what readers do happen to glance at Mas-
cott's column that our ordinary hangout is on
page three in the realm of sports.
This rather defensive gesture is occasioned by
the condescending attitude assumed by the edi-
torial staff in general whenever the term, sports
writer, is mentioned. Our more learned col-
leagues have, in fact, frequently ridiculed the
very possibility that one who devotes his time to
accounts of the athletic world can scatter sylla-
bles and words around in anything resembling
Despite this handicap of public opinion, how-
ever, we would like to mention something that
interested us quite a bit when we ran across it
the other day. A cream-colored booklet, it had
the impressive title, "State Prison of Southern
Michigan Football Prospectus for 1940" emblaz-
oned in big red letters across the top, with a pic-
ture of 30-odd white-jerseyed gridmen adorning
the lower portion.,
Put out by enthusiastic, adjective-minded Ted
Douglas, the prospectus bulges with facts, fig-
ures and prophecies of the penal institution's
gridiron team which is now in the midst of its
fourth consecutive season of organized football.
And a mighty formidable grid juggernaut it
is, too, if you take Mr. Douglas' word for it. Led
by such powerful performers as "Truck" Medley,
"Alabama" Davis, "Big 6" Ivory, and "Weezer"
Marion, the S. P. of S. M. eleven, self-styled the
"Golden Lions," has compiled an impressive
record in the last four years, winning 24 games,
while dropping but five and tying two.
Draft Denies Negro
Equal Chance In Army .. .
THE CONSCRIPTION LAW, when
passed, was to show no discrimina-
tion in race or color. PresiVnt Roosevelt
pledged that Negroes would have the ."oppor-
tunity to serve their country" on an equal basis
with white citizens, and promised that 36,000
Negroes would be conscripted of the 400,000 men
to be called in the first draft.
All of this sounds well upon first examination,
but the administration of the law is tending
away from the democracy we are preparing to
defend. The 36,000 Negroes conscripted will be
segregated into Jim Crow units,and Negro or-
ganizations have protested that the Army does
not plan to let any of these drafted Negroes
advance beyond the rank of sergeant.
There is a basis for their suspicion when the
absence of any Negro officer in the present Army
personnel is noted. Also only one Negro regi-
ment is actually maintained as a combat unit.
Besides these restrictions in the Army, the
Navy, Marines and Air Corps impose further bars
to Negro citizens. The Navy now enlists Negroes
only as mess attendants and there is no indica-
tion that this policy will be changed during
Coached by Jerry Noonan, 'vho played in the
same backfield with the immortal George Gipp
of Notre Dame as a freshman and later starred
as quarterback on the Fordham varsity, the
Lions conducted a very successful campaign last
year except for one weekend when misfortune,
and the warden struck the team a hard blow.
Imagine President Ruthven telling Fritz Cris-
ler that Evashevski, Harmon, Westfall and Wis-
tert were all ineligible on the eve of the Minne4
sota clash. A similar catastrophe befell mentor
Noonan before the big game with the South Bend
Boosters. In Douglas' words, "The only serious
defeat suffer by the 1939 team was the S. Bend
Boosters' 27-0 win over the Institution's forces
when injuries to three key backfield stars, and
punishment of six other first string men for in-
fraction of institutional rules left the team
Just as graduation is the bane of any college
pilot's existence, so is parole a constant headache
to Noonan. The Lions lost 16 of its 1939 letter-
men through parole and transfer, including one
"Flash" Noble, whom Douglas picturesquely tabs
as a "pass-snatching, ground-churning speed de-
mon who was the damnation of more than one
would-be tackler last year."
But a number of promising "rookies" seem,
to brighten the current grid outlook. Several
transfers from Marquette prison "come to thA
Lions' camp highly recommended" as. rough,
tough, hard-smashing performers.
Ancther newcomer, 205-pound Al Colangalo,
who played against the Lions last year while
with the Bowery Night Club, Detroit Semi-Pro
outfit, is also expected to add considerable
strength to the Institution's forward wall. The
prospectus isn't very clear, however, about the
circumstances leading to Colangalo's addition
to the squad.
Outstanding veterans such as "Frisco" La-
Monaco and "Shorty" Day are also returning to
bolster the 1940 outfit. A 30-year-old guard,
"Frisco hits 'em hard, often, and where it does
them the least good," according to the prospec-
tus. "Shorty," whose 36 years and bald head
make him the dean of the squad, is the Jack
Manders of the Institution, his gifted toe boot-
ing 18 extra points last year.
Incidentally, we are pleased to report that the
S. P. of S. M.'s 1940 grid machine inaugurated
its current campaign with a 7-6 victory over the
Grand Rapids Beers, Sept. 29.
The City Editor's
Add to your signs of autumn: today's picture
story in a national magazine attacking sub-
* * *
Francis Wallace, the author, says that the
South (which now pays players openly) is start-
ing another civil war with the North, where
most schools still claim amateur standing.
WASHINGTON-The Dies inves-I
tigating committee now has docu-
mentary evidence of Nazi fifth col-
umn operations in the U.S. so ex-
plosive that its publication might
lead to a complete rupture of diplo-
matic relations with Germany.
Because of this likelihood of inter-
national complications the commit-
tee has been nervously sitting on the
load of dynamite, uncertain what to
do. It has consulted the State De-
partment, which is just as jittery it-
In fact, even more so. The Depart-
ment foresees the inevitable neces-
sity of demanding the recall of a1
number of German diplomatic rep-
resentatives, with certain retaliation
by Berlin by the ousting of U.S. of-
ficials. In the present delicate stateI
of U.S.-Axis relations, the Depart-I
ment doesn't want to run that risk.
So on its urgent advice, the com-
mittee is sitting tight and continuing
its secret probe of the subversive ac-
tivities. The documentary evidence
in the possession of the committee is
staggering. It definitely establishes:
1. That the Nazi government is
directly supervising and financing a
nationwide fifth column campaign
to oppose and obstruct the 'defense
program, the U.S. Government's for-
eign policy and aid to Great Britain.
2. That this activity is being car-
ried on through German consulates
and German-controlled papers, plus
propaganda agencies of various
3. That Nazi consuls get detailed
instructions from Berlin through reg-
ular short-wave broadcasts in code.
Suspected master mind of the Nazi
fifth column is Dr. Manfreid Zapp,
head of the Trans-Ocean News Ser-
vice, a propaganda outfit with of-
fices in New York and Washington.
Zapp came to this country after be-
ing booted out of South Africa by
the British Government.
Trans-Ocean records seized by the
committee show that Zapp is being
financed by Berlin. He has received
a number of bank drafts, among
them one for $30,000 directly from
the Bank of Berlin, and also con-
siderable sums from the Bank of
Mexico, which have been traced to
German sources. Copies of letters
written and received by Zapp, in the
possession of the committee, end
with the salutation "Heil Hitler."
Similar evidence involves the Ger-
man Railroads Information Office, a
professed tourist agency at 11 West
57th St., N. Y.
Two of the consuls implicated in
the evidence the committee has
turned over to the State Department
are Captain Fritz Wiedemann, at
San Francisco, and Herbert Scholz,
'if Rnct T Lpffinrcchnw hnt Irh NT.7ic
(Continued from Page 2)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 410 Chemistry Build-
ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Professor,
L. O Case will speak on "Order-dis-
order Transformations in Solids."
Mathematics 370: This seminar
on generalizations of analytic func-
tions and related topics will be con-
ducted by Professors Beckenbach
and Rainich. The first meeting to+
discuss topics and the time of meet-
ing will be held in Room 3001 Angell
Hall today at 3:10 p.m.
Mathemtaics 301, Seminar on Al-
most Periodic Functions. Prelim-
inary meeting for arrangement of
hours, Thursday, at 3 o'clock, in 3014
French and German Preliminary
Examinations for the Doctorate will
be given on Friday, October 11, at
4:00 p. m. in Second Floor Study
Hall, Rackham Building.
E. M. 3a-Laboratory Dynamics.
Class will meet today at 4:00 p.m. in
Room 314 Engineering Annex.
Secondary C.P.T. Students: All
candidates for the CPT Advanced
Flying Course should meet in Room
1300, East Engineering Building at
7:30 p.m. tonight.
Physical Education for Women:
Completion tests in physical educa-
tion activities will be given as fol-
lows: Team Sports, Archery, Golf,
Tennis, Riding and Dancing, 4:30
p.m. Friday, October 11, at the Wo-
men's Athletic Building.
Sign for these tests with the ma-
tron at the Women's Athletic Build-
ing before Friday noon, October 11.
Swimming tests are given every
Tuesday and Thursday evening from
7:30 to 9:00 at the Union Pool.
This notice is especially called to
the attention of all students who re-
ceived incompletes in their physical
education last year.
Archery: A class in the making of
archery bows will be offered again
this year. Any student interested
is asked to call the Women's Athletic
Building for further infbrmation be-
fore Friday noon, October 11.
Organ Recital: Prof. Palmer Chris-
tian, University Organist, will pre-
sent the first concert in the 1940-1941
series of Twilight Organ Recitals at
4:15 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
These concerts are open to the gen-
eral public, free of charge.
Graduate Student Council will
tonight at 8:30 at the Michigan
Union. All members required to at-
tend. Uniforms compulsory.
U. of M. Women's Glee Club: First
meeting tonight at 7:15, League.
Election of officers. Be prompt.
Freshman Women's Glee Club: Ini-
tial meeting and tryouts this evening
at 7:15 at the Michigan League.
Phi Sigma meeting tonight at 8
o'clock in the outing club room of
the Graduate School. All members
are urged to attend as the year's pro-
gram is to be discussed.
The Ann Arbor Independents will
meet today at 4:15 p.m. in the League.
All members please attend.
A seminar in social minorities will
meet this afternoon at 4:15 in Lane
Hall under the leadership of Doyle
Seldenright and members of the
American Student Union
tonight at 8 o'clock in the
Union. Everyone welcome.
Modern Dance Club will meet to-
night at 7:15 in Barbour ,Gymnasi-
um. The class in ballet will meet at
4:30 on Tuesday afternoon in Bar-
The Young People's Socialist
League will meet tonight at the Union
at 8 o'clock. All interested are in-
All people who are interested in par-
ticipating in the activities of the
Social Committee of the Hillel Foun-
dation are requested to attend a
meeting at the Foundation this after-
noon at 4:00.
The Observatory Journal Club will
meet at 4:15 Thursday afternoon,
October 10, in the Observatory lec-
ture room. Dr. Robley C. Williams
will speak on "Photometry of Ellip-
tical Nebulae." Tea at 4:00 p.m.
The Society of Automotive Engin-
eers will meet Thursday, October 10,
at 8:00 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. All engineers are urged to
International Center: The program
for this week is as follows:
Today: 8 to 11 p.m. Open House.
All foreign-born students of the Uni-
versity and all others, student or
faculty interested, are invited. The
Director, Staff, and Cabinet will be
assisted by the Advisers to Foreign
Students of the various schools and
Thur'sday: 4 to 6 p.m. Tea. 7:00