THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Letters To The Editor
~iI~GT~T( ,Of PNmT GI 'N* .
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Hervie Haufler .
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Paul M. Chandler . .
Karl Kessler .
Howard A. Goldman. .
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. Associate Editor
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NIGHT EDITOR: ROSEBUD SCOTT
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writer.
As A Nation , . .
jOU PROBABLY KNOW that the
Michigan Daily is run by just a
bunch of college students. Sometimes, though,
we are inclined to wonder if our elder critics do
not forget that.
We of The Daily come up here to the building
occasionally, take out a piece of paper and write
what we think, and go to sleep at night with the
relief of having gotten something important off
our chests. It's a real privilege, and we appre-
There are all kinds of people on The Daily,
but they have one thing in common. They are
honest. Every one of us is mistaken frequently.
All of us are confused. And why not? This
world is bewildering enough to perplex anybody
. . . even, you adults who have been running
things for a long time. But we can assure you
that every editorial that appears on this page
this year will be honest. We know our staff that
We hope that 'you will read and respect our
words all year long with that in mind.
About National Defense il
IT'S AN AWFUL WORLD. None of us can for-
get for a moment that Adolf Hitler is swiftly
strangling our personal liberty as he gains new
strength on the battlefield. His intrigue and
strongarm immorality are probably the most
ruthless in modern history. We cannot forget
that a Hitler victory will mean a sharp curtafl-
ment of the American way of life, and we still
claim the existence of a separate and distinct
way of living.
In many other instances the issues of this war
are clear now. We know that this is a military
age. The nations with enough force to with-
stand all opposing force survive. The others die.
From here it is an easy step to the conclusion
that America, and we mean all of America, must
build a supreme defense. We must have a bigger
navy, an impervious anti-aircraft wall, a unified
industrial machine and an efficient army. In a
time when promises mean nothing, we must be
ready to meet not any aggressor, but any com'
bination of aggressors. This is to be our defense.
Furthermore, some of us are quick to admit
that England is our military friend inasmuch as
she is fighting a potential military enemy. It
follows closely that we should help Great Britain
to the greatest possible extent, as long as we do
-not endanger our own security and while we are
not committing acts of war. As long as we have
the freedom to speak, however, we shall oppose
any effort to send American troops overseas!
This is based on the single premise that war is a
horrible agent of destruction, to be avoided at
any cost except an actual physical invasion of
our own boundaries.
IINALLY, we do not forget the year 1918, when
the nations of Europe sowed the bloody Ver--
sailles dragon's teeth, from which sprang Adolf
Hitler, our enemy.
In brief, we are solidly behind any move for
military defense, provided it is for defense, and
not for war. But which course is the Administra-
Either the Executive government itself does
not know, or it is unwilling to clarify the situa-
tion with a few positive words. We.have plunged
into a series of wild acts, acting on the insidious
formula called "measures short of war," the
consenences and implications of which the
Slosson Replies.. ..
To the Editor:
ALL OF US must have much sympathy with
Mr. Haufler's protest against any wave of
hysteria, intolerance and professional patriot-
eering. It is the duty of educated men to resist
such tendencies in both peace and war. We do
not want to see Wagner banned from concerts,
German courses dropped from the schools, rad-
ical parties barred from the ballot or eccentric
pacifists (such as "Jehovah's Witn'esses")
mobbed; such things occurred in 1917 and 1918
and most of us would now deplore them. More-
over, it is especially important to preserve free-
dom of expression to university students who, in
my opinion, are no less entitled to it than uni-
But while I applaud Mr. Haufler's courage and
sincerity, I cannot applaud the logic or wisdom
of many of his thoughts. He speaks as a sleep
walker would; one who fell asleep in the com-
placent 1920's and had just heard a murmur of
rumors of war in his ear, as a heavy sleeper
might hear the first rumble of an earthquake
and say "Don't joggle my bed!" He does not
seem to realize what 1940 is like. The strongest
military machine the world ever knew has just
conquered most of continental Europe, and has
forced into active alliance Italy and Japan, and
into a sort of passive alliance Russia. Only the
British Commonwealth and the United States of
America remain on earth to offer real resistance.
If Britain, our outer bulwark, falls, we are face
to face with a hostile coalition stronger than we
are by land, by sea and by air. Past experience
has shown that a peaceful or neutral or non-a
resistant attitude would not delay war by a day
(witness the fate of the non-resistant states,
such as Czechoslovakia. Lithuania, Albania, Den-
mark); also that attempts at Conciliation or ap-
peasement have the same fate (witness Britain
and France at Munich). If Britain falls, our
peril is greater than in 1776 or 1861 or 1917 or on
any other occasion, for we have never faced an
enemy at once so powerful and so intolerably
cruel and oppressive as Nazi Germany today.
Under the circumstances, the policy of any
sane government must be to back Britain to the
limit, so as to keep the war from falling on our
own cities and shores. Risk in that? Certainly.
But where, Mr. Haufler, is the policy without
risk? Shall we be Chamberlains and make con-
cessions to mitigate the greed or wrath of the
armed despots? Shall we cling desperately to
neutrality, like King Leopold of Belgium? Shall
we frantically heap up arms at home while let-
ting our first line of defense, Britain, cave in?
Shall we defend Michigan by our soldiers on the
Canadian border rather than by our ships and
munitions in Europe? If any of such alterna-
tain. during the weeks that have just passed,
airplanes, artillery and munitions of many
kinds, and . . . . this government, so long
as the Allied governments continue to resist,
will redouble its efforts in this direction."
Therewith we pledged the best of our resources
to France, a foundering nation, and promised to
prosecute the war against Hitler to the utmost,
short only of an actual declaration of hostilities.
SIX WEEKS LATER we were talking about
conscription. Our new Secretary of War
went to the House Committee on Military af-
fairs and was asked how long it would take for
the United States to prepare a suitable defense.
He replied: "We will not have it in time to meet
the first possibility of invasion!"
There ,is no logic there. The same Adminis-
tration which cried the danger of invasion was
stripping the American defenses of rifles, ar-
tillery, munitions and supplies. That is not
armament for defense.
Then take the matter of conscription of man-
power. The matter is law now, and consequently
all of us will obey the orders from Washington.
But even now in conscription we can see signs
which are not healthy.
It is essentially a military problem, of course.
All of us recall the Army's modest demands of
not so long ago. At that time they asked for a
few hundred thousand men. Now we talk in
terms of millions; miflions of men who have been
rushed to the colors before the equipment they
must use has even been ordered in our American
factories! American defense has traditionally
been composed of a large navy, an efficient mod-
ern army, and a large air force. Our Adminis-
tration has now changed this entice strategy to
one where our manpower stands in arms ap-
parently awaiting the arrival of some mysterious
enemy who will creep in the night up through
Central America or who shall rush down the
St. Lawrence in speed boats!
OUR CONSCRIPTION BILL is not good. We
can compare. it to Canada's modest statute,
where training goes on for only one month, and
affects only persons 21-24 years of age. We
should urge Congress to revise this bill sanely.
All of us are willing to build an army and navy
to protect our own frontiers, but not to be or-
dered in the guise of defense and employed for
some other use.i
It is even possible, mind you, that a volunteer
army, increased in size by improved living con-
ditions and more adequate salary inducements,
is sufficient to handle our defense needs. Volun-
teers have poured in by the thousands during
the current recruiting campaign.
Our affection toward Great Britain is great:
first, as an opponent of Germany; and second,
as a nation of people with a philosophy and
heritage similar to our own. The fall of the
British Empire would be a mighty human disas-
ter. But we still place America first. We do not
believe that the fall of England means the end
of American civilization. nor do we feel respon-
sible for any weaknesses in England's defense.
Around this continent we must throw up an
tives appear wiser, safer or
Haufler, nothing short of a1
will ever wake him up.
more pacific to Mr.
bomb on Ann Arbor
I CANNOT BUT REMEMBER that just a year
ago two editors of the Daily advocated send-
ing no supplies, either civilian or military, to the
British. Had that policy been followed, London
might now be in Hitler's hands, for it is con-
ceded that American economic aid has been of
great value in Britain's war. Would Mr. Hauf-
ler feel safer if that had happened? Such little
security as we now enjoy comes from the fact
that we have been distinctly unneutral in' the
war thus far. Upon our continued unneutrality,
in this very paradoxical -world of 1940, depends
our only hope of keeping the war away from our
shores and perhaps from our soldiers.
I admit it is a sad and sorry time when any
road we take may led to war. But I may remind
any student pacifist inclined to call this "war-
mongering" that "thou canst not shake they
gory locks at me, and say I did it!" The present
situation, like it or not, was the work of isola-
tionists like Lodge, Reed, Harding, Borah, John-
son-and Haufler. Our isolation from the rest
of the world permitted a condition to arise in
which we find ourselves in jeopardy. My own
pacifism, of the constructive, internationalist
type, might have led to undesirable consequences
-that is arguable-but at least it would be a
different world from that which now frowns on
us so ominously.
Having rejected the counsel of collective se-
curity, and followed the path of isolation, we
find ourselves in a situation in which these may
be no peaceful way out. The whole fallacy of Mr.
Haufler's letter is that he represents the choice
between peace and war as depending on us, or at
least on President Roosevelt. It depends alto-
gether oni what Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin and the
Japanese generals choose to do. None of them
have hesitated to attack the weak, the inoffen-
sive, the neutral or even the friendly. They may
hesitate to attack us if we are armed and strong.
They may hesitate to attack us if they are still
held at bay by Great Britain. Or, they may risk
it anyhow. But, even in such a case, we will
suffer fewer losses if the war is fought in Europe
or in Asia instead of being brought to our own
shores by a triumphant coalition of despots who
are fresh from the spoils of London.
Just Shuffling Along
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON - A furious behind-the-scenes
struggle preceded the publication of that
joint statement by fifteen outstanding citizens
assailing Herbert Hoover's plan to feed Nazi-
conquered Europe. The ex-President made a
terrific effort to squelch it.
The statement was initiated by Dr. Henry
Sloane Coffin, president of Union Theological
Seminary, to counter Hoover's efforts to line up
influential clergymen for his scheme-a scheme
which he is pushing without the approval of
either the U.S. or British governments.
The statement was distributed in advance for
publication in Sunday morning papers, and
Hoover, in some way, got wind of it. Whereupon
he literally moved heaven and earth to stop it.
He first bombarded the fifteen signers by
telephone and telegram to get them to withdraw
their names. When this failed, he contactedI
several newspapers and press associations with
protests against the declarations
NE New York morning paper called up Mrs.
Carrie Chapman Catt, a signer, and said
they had been informed her name was unauthor-
ized. Mrs. Catt indignantly denied this.
Dr. James B. Conant, president of Harvard
University, received a similar inquiry, which he
repudiated. In one way or another everyone of
the fifteen signers had his name challenged and
all stood firm. Dr. Coffin was so aroused by these
tactics that he sent Hoover a sizzling letter
which concluded as follows:
"While you say in your telegram that your
proposal is 'conditional upon such safe-
guards as would be no injury to the British
cause,' I happen to know from the highest
sources that this apparently is not the way
in which the British government views this.
Inasmuch as Britain is in my judgment
fighting our battles, I think we owe it to
her not to do anything to embarrass her."
Note-Hoover's plan is to set up U.S. corpora-
tions to buy food with the funds of the conquered
countries on deposit here, and transport the sup-
plies in American ships. American experts esti-
mate that there is ample food in Europe to feel%
everybody this winter, providing it is equitably
distributed by the Nazis-who, however, have'
requisitioned everything they could lay their
hands on and shipped it to Germany.
INTELLIGENCE REPORTS from Europe indi-
cate that it is not the German army but Ger-
man civilians in France who are causing trouble.
These reports state that the Nazis already have
begun to create their vaunted unification of Eu-
rope and their reduction of France to a mere
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1940
VOL. LI. No. 12
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructivesnotice to all
members of the University.
To the Members of the Faculties:
With referencesto matters concerning
national defense in which the assist-
ance of the University as an institu-
tion is sought by the federal govern-
ment or by other agencies, public
and private, the Conference of the
President and Deans will constitute
the central advisory and administra-
tive authority for the University. By
the advice of the Deans' Conference,
however, a committee of that body
has been appointed, which will keep
itself informed of the various na-
tional defense projects in which the
University is engaged and act as an
executive committee for the Deans'
Conference in such matters. The
Deans' Committee on National De-
fense is composed of Dr. Louis A.
Hopkins, Chairman, Dean C. S. Yoak-
um, and Dean J. B. Edmonson. Pro-
posals for University participation
in national defense measures will, in
the first instance, be referred to this
committee, and members of the facul-
ties who desire information about
matters of this nature should con-
sult with Dr. Hopkins or the other
Alexander G. Ruthven
To the Members of the University
Senate: There will be a meeting of
the University Senate on Monday,
October 21, at 4:15 p.m., in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
Group Hospitalization: The Busi-
ness Office will accept new enroll-
ments for group hospitalization un-
der the plan of the Michigan Hos-
pital Service until November 5. There-
after enrollments again will be closec
for a six months' waiting period unti
May 5, 1941. Circulars of informa-
tion and enrollment cards may be ob-
tained at the Business Office, Roon
1, University Hall.
To Deans, Directors, Department
Heads and Others Responsible for
Payrolls: Payrolls for the first sem-
ester are ready for approval. This
3hould be done at the Business Office
before Oe.tober 18 if checks are to be
issued on October 31.
Edna Geiger Miller,
Choral Union Concert Tickets: A
limited number of tickets for the sea-
3on and for individual concerts ar
>n sale "over the counter" at th
-)ffices of the University Musica
society in Burton Memorial Tower
Charles A. Sink, President
wishing an extension of time beyond
this date in order to make up thist
work should file a petition addressedr
to the appropriate official in their2
school with Room 4 U.H. where itf
will be transmitted.
Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar. f
Social Chairmen: League Houses,
Dormitories and Sororities. Atten-
tion is called to the following ruling
from the Office of the Dean of ku-
"Application must be filed in the
Office of the Dean of Students, Room
2, University Hall, on the Monday
before the event of which approval
is requested. It should be accom-
panied by written acceptance from
two sets of approved chaperons, and
in the case of fraternities and sorori-
ties, by approval from the financial
adviser. This office reserves the
right to refuse permission for parties
if the requests are not received on
In case of women, application must
first be approved by ,Office of thet
Dean of Women.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service Examinations. The
last date for filing application is
noted in each case.
Toolmakers, salary $6.24 day to
$1.176 hr, no date set.
Senior Inspector, Ship Construc-
tion, salary $2,600, no date set.
' Inspector, Ship Construction, sal-
ary $2,000, no date set.
Border Patrolman, salary $2,000,
Oct. 21, 1940.
Safety Instructor, salary $1,800,
Nov. 4, 1940,
Assistant Safety Instructor, sal-
ary $1,620, Nov. 4, 1940.
Junior Pharmacist, salary $2,000,
Nov. 4, 1940.
Complete announcement on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office 'hours: 9-12
Vocalists desiring broadcast eiperi-
ence call at Broadcasting Service,
Morris Hall, for application for mem-
bership in radio quartet.
Make-Up Examinations for all his-
tory courses will be held at 3 p.m., on
Friday, October 18, in Room C, Ha-
yen Hall. This is the only make-up
examination which will be given. All
students taking it must present writ-
ten permission from the instructor
in charge of the course.
Sociology 359: Seminar in Juvenile
Delinquency will meet in Room 303
Main Library today.
Freshman Round Table: Rev.
Chester Loucks will lead a discussion
on "What About Military Service"
at the Freshman Round Table, Lane
Hall tonight at 7:30. All Freshmen
Suomi Club meeting tonight at t
o'clock at the International Center
German Club: The Fall picnic will
be held today. Meet in front
of the Rackham Building at 4:30
1 p.m. and then go to the Island.
Small charge. Irk case of rain the
picnic will not be held. Make reser-
vations immediately with your in-
structor or with the secretary of the
German department. Students of
,German and all others interested are
(Continued on Page 6)
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