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October 11, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-10-11

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1~940

.. ....

Letters To The Editor

New Coat Needed?

r

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Studpnt Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Assolated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. AU
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED POR NATIONAL ADVERTISING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON Ave. NEW YORK. N. Y.
C"I(6GO . BOSTON . LOS ANGELES . SAM FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Cotlegiate Press, 193940
Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Barasohn.
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Crman

S . . anaging Editor
* . . .Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . * Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager .
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

NIGHT EDITOR: BERNARD DOBER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
'Academic Freedom'--
Butler Style
M R. NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER,
president of Columbia University,
last week gathered all the members of his facul-.
ty together and informed them of that univer-
sity's policy in the present war situation. He
told them, among other things, that the univer-
sity had thrown its resources into tpe national
defense effort and had enlisted in the war "be-
\tween beasts and human beings," in which, he
said, the United States has been involved eco-
nomically, and ideologically since hostilities be-
gan. Perhaps he. was right about the United
States being in the war. Certainly enough iso-
lationists have been claiming that for many
months. Perhaps he was also right in declaring
Columbia University into that conflict. We don't
know how much Columbia can help in winning
the war for Great Britain; and we aren't decided
as to whether Dr. Butler should want to get this
country into war.
BUT DR. BUTLER also said something else
that has brought much damage to lovers of
democracy and peace. For Dr. Butler said that
the university must have freedom to pursue its
high ideals, unembarassed by conduct on the
part of members which tends to damage sound
learning and moral teaching. And to this de-
nial of freedom of speech and opinion of faculty
members he added this: "Academic freedom
holds no meaning whatsoever for students. That
phrase relates solely to freedom of thought and
inquiry and to freedom of teaching on the part
of accomplished scholars."
That is no new doctrine that President Butler
has. cooked up for use in the present war crisis.
He said it in 1918, and again in 1935, so he ap-
parently believes in it. That is his definition of
academic freedom, and we cannot merely call
hm a militarist and a fascist who wants to get
us into this war, for he has held this view for
many years. But we believe that the views of
Dr. Butler are fundamentally wrong and ruinous
to American democracy, and for reasons which
we believe to be most important.
PRESIDENT BUTLER, all through his address,
talked about "the University," and that
term "University" always seemed to exclude both
faculty members and students. As certain of
Columbia's most distinguished faculty members
have pointed out, a university is traditionally
thought of as a company of scholars and stu-
dents in the pursuit of knowledge. A university
is not just a president, nor is it a president aided
by a few trustees. A university is a spirit, and
a group of learned scholars acting as members
of the faculty, and the student body. All con-
tribute to, and are integral parts of the school.
All make up what that school thinks. Therefore,
the policies of their university should be deter-
mined with their cooperation and consent. Stu-
dents and faculty members, more today than
ever, should have the right to help decide what
are the opinions of the University.
Or, perhaps, the university, as such, should.
have no definite opinion. Individuals in the
colleges have opinions as do persons outside
them. The university, as a place where many
people of many different political and economic
persuasions meet, should have many different
opinions emerging. In that way the average
man who looks for guidance to the more learned

Open Letter To Gov. Dickinson
To the Editor:
We all share with you the mortification over
the incident of a Presidential candidate being
insulted by high school students in a Michigan
city.
But we cannot all agree with you as to the
cause. You suggest that the reason for such de-
linquency is inherent in a certain non-religious,
pro-communistic spirit which young persons
catch from their elders. You claim that youth
today is not taught the old virtues.
May I venture another guess. My mind goes
back to an evening in that same auditorium
where the erring students were made to offer a
public apology. It was the occsion of a Citizen's
Mass Meeting, called to protest the activity of
the Black Legion, which had honeycombed that
community, along with other Michigan cities.
Many public officials were implicated and even
churches and other civic bodies were involved.
Public servants, who had taken the oath of of-
fice, had subsequently taken the Legion oath
which superceded all others.
ISN'T IT just possible that the egg-throwing
youngsters were children of Black Legion par-
ents and that they got some of their direct-
action, anti-social methods from them?' As I
recall, it was about this time that officials at
Michigan State College, not only approved stu-
dent violence against "radicalism" but actually
instigated the breaking up of a peace meeting
held on private property. The town police looked
on, and the next day the Legislature turned it
off as a joke.
If you want to find a cause for erratic behavior
of youth, may it not be necessary to get down td'
actual facts and case studies, rather than throw
out vague generalities? In other words, if you
don't want Presidential candidates insulted, you
cannot permit the insultipg of anyone-even a
Communist. Mobs and student pranksters are
not noted for their circumspection.
We all want a better Michigan, but we cannot
have it if we make Prejudicemouraattorney gen-
eral and Vigilantism our policeman.
- Rev. Harold P. Marley
agreeing exactly with him on- the war issue will
be happier elsewhere. Very democratic.
AND DR. BUTLER claims that academic free-
dom holds no meaning for students; it is
only for scholars (although he seems to deny it
now to the scholars .of his faculty. This seems
to be a matter of definition. We can say that
students do deserve academic freedom, the right
to seek out the truth and then .to speak it out.
Dr. Butler can say that that's not what the term
means. Perhaps he is right, although a lot of
people have been surprised by his definition.
What is important, however, is the fact that,
in a democracy, everybody can say what he feels
is the truth. Some people believe that we should
aid England and thus better defend this coun-
try. They have the right to this opinion, and
they may be right. Those who believe in direct-
ing all our energies toward home defense with-
out aid to Britain also have a right to be heard-
notwithstanding Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler of
Columbia.
- Alvin Sarasohn
Latin Americans' Visits
Iave Significance .. .
HE CURRENT VISIT to the United
States of military authorities from
several Latin American countries involves more
than a mere show of hospitality to foreign dig-
nitaries. Reports of these autorities may well
hold the key to the future attitude of their home
countries toward the United States.
For the purpose of appraising the military,
naval and air strength of the United States,
chiefs of staff from Bolivia, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru and Uruguay,
and high ranking officers from the Dominican
Republic are touring the various naval bases
and military posts in this country. A military
mission from Argentina is on the way.
LATIN AMERICA still has a bad case of jitters
due to the danger of Axis invasion. The re-
cent declaration by Franco that Spain would re-

main outside the Axis, at least officially, was of
some encouragement to the republics to the
South. These two nations, motherlands of the
Central and South American countries, form
cultural, racial and religious ties by which Nazi
ideas might be transmitted to this hemisphere.
There has been no little talk of a Hitler-dom-
inated revival of the great Spanish Empire in
this hemisphere. If Franco's words are true, for
the time being at least there seems to be little
to fear from this angle.
But there are questions that still bother the
countties to the South. Will Great Britain be
overcome? Will a victorious Axis attempt to
spread its empire to this hemisphere without
help from Franco? These questions remain un-
answered. And even more vital, if the Axis does
invade this hemisphere in any way, will the
nations of Latin America be justified in standing
on the hemisphere agreement?
THE MAIN PURPOSE of the current military
missions is to find an answer to this last
question. The visiting authorities will return to
their countries with reports that will tell their
governments whether or not they can rely on
the United States in case of invasion.
The situation is critical, and the outcome, one
way or the other, will affect the United States
materially, for an Axis dominated Latin Amer-
ica would present a dangerous threat to this
country. But if Latin America has confidence
a-. +,rngfh if r eshow ht we c.an and are

Tweedledee or Tweedledum?
To the Editor:
The national elections, occurring as they do
in one of the momentous years of world history,
cannot fail to command our attention at this
time, especially since they are a matter of weeks
away. Much discussion and controversy has
taken place, resulting in a confused attitude on
the parts of many of us; who are all vitally con-
cerned in the outcome. I should like to add my
voice to the babble of confusion.
IT IS virtually a certainty that either Roosevelt
or Willkie will win the coming election. The
velt or Willkie will win the coming election. The
two-party system, as it usually works. has broken
down in this instance, for the points of differ-
ence between the two major candidates seem
to rest on a matter of personal concern between
the men in question as to who can accomplish
better substantially the same program. Mr. Will-
kie, formerly at the head of a huge monopolistfc
corporation, mourns for the competitive spirit
of laissez-faire capitalism and, because he would
not dare advocate the repeal of any major New
Deal reform, claims credit for their passage for
his own party. Mr. Roosevelt, formerly sponsor
of the New Deal, restsan the fine side of his
record, while leagueing himself with the reac-
tionary elements who see in the present crisis an
opportunity to crush all progress. In many ways
the choice between Tweedledee and Tweedledum
is a fairer one than the choice between Roosevelt
and Willkie.
The minor parties do not present a very lu-
crative field to those who would cast a protest
vote. Both Socialists and Communists, each with
their own motives and ends in view, oppose the
conscription and other defense measures sought
by the two major parties. And yet to vote for Mr.
Thomas for president, in the face of the almost
complete disintegration of the Socialist party,
seems a peculiarly futile way to waste a vote.
The Communist Party, undemocratically barred
from the ballot in many states, itself looks for
moral and political leadership to a regime which
adopts the same policy toward its minority
groups. The way is barred in that direction.
T HIS survey leaves the well-intentioned voter
in the midst of the well-known dilemma. Our
high school teachers have been careful to im-
press us with the obligation on the part of al
good citizens to vote, never imagining a situ-
tion such as this. Naturally none of us wishes to
be a bad citizen, so I propose the following solu-
tion. Let us all vote for Roger Babson for pres-
ident. It may seem inappropriate for college stu-
dents to vote for a Prohibition Party candidate,
and yet any who do so have my complete assur-
ance, along with Mr. Gallup's, that he can't pos-
sibly win. At the same time, one can get satis-
faction from the performance of a charitable
act, for the poor man will get so few votes any-
way that this seems a particularly fine thing to
do.
If the survey herein presented has served to
clear up the confusion in any minds, it is not
the fault of the writer nor of any political group
mentioned.
- Norman Alberts
Clarifying The ASU Stand
To the Editor:
In yesterday morning's edition of The Daily
was printed a brief statement of the attitude
adopted by the American Student Union toward
the conscripting of civilans for military service
in the United States defense program.
Because of the possibility of misinterpretation
of the story, The Daily is printing a statement
issued by the executive council of the American
Student Union, clarifying that -organization's
stand on the issue. The statement is as follows:
"The ASU has not, nor does it now advocate
the violation of any law. It does not propose
that the conscription law be violated, nor that
anyone should refuse to obey its 'provisions in
any way. The ASU does believe that every effort
should be made to secure the repeal of this law,
which is meant to involve us in a foreign war
and not to defend the American people. In the
meanwhile we believe that the law must be ad-
ministered fairly."
This is the statement which appeared in The
Daily :

"Declaring itself to be directly opposed to con-
scription as it is now provided for, the ASU held
its first membership meeting of the new year
last night in the Union."
- The ASU
The City Editor's
SCRATCH PRD
College students fancy themselves humorous.
The Scratch Pad brings you college humor:
* * *
Dogs in Siberia are the fastest in the world
because the trees are so far apart.
* * *
"Your girl is spoiled, isn't she?"
"No, it's just the perfume she's wearing."
'% * *
"What are you doing with your socks on wrong
side out?"
"My feet got hot so I decided to turn the hose
on them."
* * *
Poem:
"His cross unseen
His coffin bare
Here lies the man
Who wasn't there."

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-- -
-- -

DRAMA
By JAMES DOLL
It is not so very long ago that
Martha Scott was making frequent
appearances as a student actor at
both the old Laboratory Theatre and
the Mendelssohn. She returns to
Ann Arbor in her second picture,
The Howards of Virginia, now cur-
rent at the Michigan. As Martha
Ellen Scott she will be remembered
as Helen in Berkeley Square, Bianca
in Taming of the Shrew, Clementine
in The Good Hope, and in The Im-
portanee of Being Earnest, The Ro-
mantic Young Lady, Mr. Pim Passes
By and many others.
Her experience at the University
could probably be made into some
sort of object lesson. Because Martha
not only acted any part assigned to
her whether it was a lead or an ex-
tra, but also did props for two sea-
sons for the Michigan Repertory
Players. She would drive to Detroit
in an old car early in the morning
before rehearsals, hustle furniture
around backstage between entrances
and put her personality to practical
use in convincing proprietors of local
antique shops to loan their most val-
uable stock in trade.
Her career has been interesting
and shows how difficult success in
the theatre is even for an unusual
talent. After graduating from the
University (and collecting a teach-
er's certificate) she played bits for
the Detroit Civic Theatre in its last'
days at the Bonstelle Playhouse.
Meanwhile she made commercial
movies in the' daytime and was very
collegiate in still photographs made
for motor car advertisements.
Her first important professional
engagement was for the Globe The-
atre at the Chicago Century of Prog-
ress where she played in the popular
tabloid versions of Shakespeare.
Thomas Wood Stevens, the director,
had used her in many of his produc-
tions during the three seasons he was
guest director here for the Michigan
Repertory Players.
In the East she played in summer
theatres where she was not seen by
managers or agents and attracted no
particular attention-or so the
thought. However, when Jed Harris
was casting the difficult part of Em-
ily in Our Town he tried dozens of
actresses. The part is unusually'dif-
ficult because the girl is young in the
early scenes and must have dramatic
power in the last tragic scene in the
cemetery. At one of the rehearsals
when Jed Harris, who produced and
directed it, was despairing of finding
the right actress, Evelyn Varden, who
was playing Mrs. Gibbs, took Mr
Harris aside and said she knew a girl
she thought might be just right foi
the part. She had played with her i
a summer theatre. So Martha Scott
was located, made an immediate im-
pression and was engaged for the
part. Her success with the critics
andpublic is known to everyone wh
follows the theatre and playec
during the long run of the play intc
i- --- - AAff i-f.. J - a

....

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

I

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1940
VOL. LI. No. 11r
Publication in the Daily OfficialC
Bulletin is constructive notice tocall
members of the University.X
T Noticesf
To the Members of the Universityt
Council: There will be a meeting oft
the University Council on Monday,
October 14, at 4:15 p.m., in Room
1009 A.H.
AGENDA:1
Approval of the Minutes.
Report of the Special Committee;
Appointed to Study Publications, A.-
Marin.
Report of the Nominating Commit-
tee for a Member of the Board of1
Governors of the Michigan Union,
A. Marin.
Subjects Offered by Members of
the Council.
Election of Vice-Chairman and
Secretary.
Appointment of Standing Com-
mittees for 1940-1941.
Reports of the Standing Commit-
tees: Program and Policy, Stason;
Educational Policies, Duffendack;
Student Relations, Marin; Public
Relations, Allen; Plant and Equip-
ment, Schoepfle.
Safety Warning: All pedestrians
are urged to keep out of the Un-
versity driveways and parking places
except at regular sidewalk crossings.
A number of narrow escapes from
injuries have recently occurred.
Sidewalks are provided for pedestri-
ans. The driveways are for cars. It
is not only dangerous to walk in the
driveways but it is discourteous to
motorists who do not have access to
the sidewalks and grass.
Eligibility Certificates: Due to fra-
ternity pledging it will be impossible
for the Dean of Students' Office to
give out eligibility certificates on Fri-
day, October 11.

Group Hospitalization: The Busi-
ness Office will accept new enroll-
ments for group hospitalization un-
der the plan of the Michigan Hos-
pital Service until November 5. There-
after enrollments again will be closed
for a six months' waiting period until
May 5, 1941. Circulars of informa-
tion and enrollment cards may be ob-
tained at the Business Office, Room
1, University Hall.
Students in the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts, who have
been accepted for the Naval Train-
ing Program, V-7: Students who
have been accepted for this training
and who will need to be absent from
classes for an extended period of
time, should consult with me at their
early convenience, but in no case
later than October 12.
E. A. Walter
To Deans, Directors, Department
Heads and Others Responsible for
Payrolls: Payrolls for the first sem-
ester are ready for approval. This
should be done at the Business Office
before October 18 if checks are to be
issued on October 31.
Edna Geiger Miller,
Payroll Clerk
Students, College of Engineering:
Sophomore, junior, and senior stu-
dents who are working for degrees
in any of the following departments
are requested to report at the Sec-
retary's Office, 263 West Engineer-
ing Building, if they have not pre-
viously done soy
Five-year programs combined with
industry; and
Combinations of any two programs;
Mathematics, or combinations of
mathematical and technical pro-
grams;
Physics, or combinations;
Astronomy, or combinations;
Engineering-Law program;
(Continued on Page 6)

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10:15 Believe It or Not Britain Speaks News Ace

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