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May 23, 1941 - Image 4

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PAGE FOR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, MAY 23, 1941

U __________________________________________ U U ___________________________________________________________________________________________
I I

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Edited and managed by students of the Universityof
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
pf Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
university year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mal matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00, b~y mail, $4.50.
* jEPRESENTUD FOR NATIONAL AOVERTIaING RY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADiSON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CuocAGO - BosTON . Los ANGELES . SAN PRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41

VE

itorral Staff

is
Emile Geld J
Robert Speckhard
Albert P. Blaustein
David Lachenbruch
Bernard Dober
Alvin Dann
Hal Wilson
Arthur Hill
Janet Hiatt
Grace Miller

Id

. " , . Managing Editor
. . Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Sports Editor
Assistant Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Assistant Women's Editor
7usiness Staff
. . . Business Manager
. . Assistant Business Manager
. Women's Advertising Manager
Women's Business Manager

B

Daniel
,James
Louise
velyn

H. Huyett
B. Collins
Carpenter
Wright .

f.

NIGHT EDITOR: EDMUND GROSSBERG
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.

Ann Arbor Citizens
Fight Haisley Ouster ...

I

T HE HAISLEY CASE HAS JUST BE-
GUN - quoth Neil Staebler, head
of the Citizen's Committee, at Wednesday's
public meeting of the Ann Arbor School Board,
after the Board, by another 5-4 decision, re-
fused to grant the Superintendent a hearing.
Mr. Staebler summed up the situation well,
fir both common and legal justice demand that'
the Superintendent's seventeen years of admir-
.able service in behalf of Ann Arbor and its
'Youth be vindicated.
yThat Mr. Haisley's record is admirable is
testified by the spontaneous support of all ele-
ments of the Ann Arbor public - school child-
=ren, their parents and their teachers. No formal
charges have been preferred by the Board against
Mr. Haisley, and the explanations given by sev-
eral individuals on the Board have been exploded
as absurd.
YET THE BOARD has continued to violate the
will of a great majority of interested Ann
Arbor citizens, and further violated the provisions
of the State Teacher's Tenure Act at Wednes-
day's meeting by refusing to even grant the
,Superintendent an open hearing. One member
of the five-man block on the Board did rise at
!the meeting and gave a lengthy rationale of that
action. He said that a rift has been created in
the Ann Arbor community over Mr. Haisley's
:case, and that, therefore, the dismissal of Mr.
Haisley would be in the best interests of the
community.
What he did not and cannot rationalize is
the fact that the arbitrary action of the majority
of the Board has itself created the rift he speaks
of. As Mr. Staebler aptly put it, "The five
members of the Board would shoot the patient
to cure the disease" - a disease for which the
:Board members are responsible for in a large
degree.
T HAS BEEN the recognized policy of Mr.
Haisley to bring parents, students, teachers
and members of the School Board into the best
,Understanding with each other. The National
Educational Policies Committee has cited specif-
ically the Ann Arbor school system in this re-
spect. To lay the blame for any rift in the
community about the matter of school policy on
the Superintendent who has been instrumental
in instituting better understanding about the
schools in the community, is as unfair as the
previous reasons have been absurd.
HE HAISLEY CASE has just begun. Court
action promises to force the Board to hold
a public hearing, the first setup under the Tenure
Act to which Mr. Haisley has appealed. What
specifically will follow that is still problematical,
but the reaction of the Ann Arbor citizenry prom-
ises to carry on the fight until the Superintendent
is vindicated.
- Robert Speckhard
For The Record
RIME MINISTER JAN CHRISTIAN SMUTS
of the British Union of South Africa says the
Jnited States paved the way for the present war.
"I feel convinced that America, in abandoning
the League to Nations to its fate after taking a

Students Ask For Aid
To China Today . . .
F OR FOUR LONG YEARS the tire-
less people of ancient China have
battled the aggression of Japan. Today in Ann
Arbor students and townspeople will have the
opportunity to express their sympathy for the
beleagured Republic. Tags will be sold under
the auspices of the University of Michigan Chin-
ese Students' Club by students who are donat-
ing their services for the cause.
The greatest need in China at the present
time is for food and medical supplies. The last
year's harvest fel Lar below the average crop,
and Indo-China can ~o longer be counted on as
an effective avenue for food supplies because of
its apparent submission to Japan. The Japanese
blockade has also contributed to the serious
situation. Many students are starving or barely
subsisting on food scraps.
CLOTHING AND SHOES are also at a mini-
mum. The army of Chiang Kai-Shek has
long been wearing merely sandals, and now
even wealthy civilians have Deen forced to get
along with them-an ordinary pair of shoes
costs $100. The most conservative estimate places
the number of refugees in the war-torn areas at
40 millions. These unfortunate beings wander
aimlessly, never sure of their next night's shel-
ter or food for theirhungry children.
Americans all should only be too glad to aid,
these brave people in their struggle for nation-
al existence. They should do it in the spirit of
two Chinese characters which are printed on
the tags, "jen" meaning humanity and "yi"
meaning righteousness. President Ruthven has
explained the situation in an official statement
released to the Daily which is as follows:
"Our Chinese students, one of the groups
for whose presence on the campus we have
reason to be most appreciative, are giving
us an opportunity to contribute to civilian
relief in China. I heartily commend this
effort and hope that the response may be a
generous one. Thus we can express in a
practical way our friendship for an ancient
and cultured people and our sympathy for
the innocent victims of gross international
injustice."
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN has long
been famous for its Chinese community. Dr.
James B. Angell, a former president of the uni-
versity, served as envoy to China shortly after
1893 and at that time persuaded Chinese gov-
erment leaders to send students to the Uniteti
States. Although the Chinese colony is not as
large now as in formet times, it is still as much
a part of University life. The students live in
dormitories, fraternities and rooming houses just
as their American counterparts. They are no'
making an effort to help their homeland in it
hour of need. One dollar of contributions will
mean food for a month for some civilian. Our
aid is being asked. Let us not fail to respond.i
-George W. Sallade
Skimmings
by the edit director
ADD THIS to Ann Arbor's fame . . . the fair
city has cornered the nation's chopsticks
market or practically so. It all came about as a
result of the relief drive for China sponsored by
the local Chinese Student Club on the campus
today. Chopsticks will take the place of the
traditional tags; 4,000 are to be distributed,
which meant the Club has had to buy out the
nation's sources of supply-the Chinese settle-
ments of New York and San Francisco.
* * *
Our state legislature has been kept busy
this session considering A steady stream of
bills designed to stamp out this and investi-
gate that. The latest bill (H. 408) would
deny the ballot to the Communist party and
by its vague language endanger the exist-
ence of all minority parties. Actively buck-
ing the bill are a group of Michigan church-
men, professional men and educators.

Professors Preston Slosson, Leroy Waterman
and C. N. Wagner of the faculty are among
the sponsors.
* * *
NORMAN THOMAS, who speaks here next
week against war, is a veteran visitor to Ann
Arbor. Spring or fall never fails to see the man
who has gained the distinction as America's
number one citizen b7y his never ceasing cru-
sades, Twenty-five years ago he left the Pres-
byterian ministry and has been preaching ever
since. Democracy is his religion.
* * * ,
The petition drive against the Publications
Board reorganization plan is over and 4,000
and up student signatures go to Dr. Ruthven
today. It's the biggest petition drive in cam-
pus history ... One lesson learned was that
amount of names is proportional to amount
of man hours of soliciting. A very high per-
centage of these asked, signed.
* * *
PICTURE OF THE WEEK, as LIFE would say,
was Dr. Kerlekowski-chief resident physi-
cian of University Hospital-running one of the
hospital's elevators yesterday in the absence of
the regular operators. The operators on the
7 a.m. shift had asked the chief engineer for a
pay raise before working. He refused and at
9 a.m. they saw hospital chief, Dr. Harley Haines,
who fired them after refusing any pay increases.
He told them that as far as, he was concerned
they had quit their jobs without notice.
To facilitate typographical work, all Letters
I To The Editor conforming to the following

The Reply Churlish
by TOUCHSTONE
Dear Art Klein,
EXCUSE MY ANSWERING it this way, but the
nom de plume has been more or less an open
secret since Gargoyle got indiscreet, and besides
they don't pay me extra for answering letters.
You have lots of company. Nobody around
here or almost anywhere else seemed to like the
review, so although it hurts like an impacted
wisdom tooth to admit it, maybe I was all wet.
But, there is room for a difference of opinion
on how well or how poorly an actor interprets
a role. About all a reviewer can do is see as
many plays as he has time for, and compare the
work of various actors he has seen, and scratch
his head and get his copy down by midnight. And
when you get right down to it, there isn't any
voice of absolute authority on a thing as queezy
and changing as the quality of work done by an
actor. In refutation of my statement that Miss
Matteson and Miss Wilson were not quite up
to my idea of snuff, you offer a beautifully simple
statement that "rather than using the male
members of the cast as a crutch . . . Miss Matte-
son played every one of her 'sides' to and with
them,"'and that I should study how a play "lifts"
by watching "the bright light of Miss Wilson's
grand performance." Thanks for the quotes. But
if I could take my commercial theatre as serious-
ly as you seem to, I'd even disagree with George
Jean Nathan if he didn't have anything more
to back him up than a couple of adjectives. ,
IT IS ALWAYS OPEN SEASON on the profes-
sionals, old man, and there is absolutely
nothing personal in the business. To say a man ,i
didn't do a good job on the opening night of a
play is not to cast aspersions on his ability-
things are relative, not absolute. To say that
Conrad Nagel dropped a line does not, except to
the serious minded, mean that Nagel is a ham.
But to say that part of the trouble in what I felt
was a weak first act was a fumble by the lead,
when that lead is famous enough, and generally
conceded to be good enough to be judged by the
highest, most critical standards, is not comma
chasing; it is an indication that something in
Mr. Nagel's -performance did not quite measure
up to what I had expected of him. He is, after
all, a pretty experienced actor, and if he drops a
line, nobody at all should notice it, he should
cover up, perhaps not the way Hugh Norton did
on that memorable opening night of Much Ado,
but adroitly enough to eliminate the slight feel-
ing of acute discomfort such brief revelations of
human frailty send up and down my spine. As
to the theatre-minded-and-trained people who
didn't notice the brief blowup, why not ask Mr.
Nagel?
BRIEFLY, to wind this thing up, I'm sorry about
Mr. Simpson's Dean Damon, but I saw nothing
striking about it. I regarded it as a good compet-
ent job, worthy of mention if I hadn't run out
of space, and when I get around to tearing down
the review I'll admit that I should have had
space. But your enthusiastic use of the word
"genius", your "here is creation in its purest
form" bespeaks a rather rapturous attitude
which I might say is the main reason why actors
are seldom good critics.
I can't just say people are good. Aside from
the ethical question involved, thatwouldn't be
any fun. I try in as honest a way as possible to
tell both the good and the bad in a play. If I
take a slightly whimsical tone, and don't seem
to pay much attention to the main issues, it is
probably because I don't see much of cosmic im-
portance in a light comedy to warrant such at-
tention. To an actor this is unbelievable and
inexcusable, but the actor just works there, and
that's that. I could have talked about the cos-
tumes or the scenery, but what was there to
say? French windows down left, door up right?
Most of it's in the printed play. As to the subject
of the play, I admit that I was mistaken a bit in
setting the ante of awareness of Ann Arbor too
high. Several people have told me that I should
have dealt with the faculty-trustee clash more
fully, and to these I can only refer back to a col-
umn of mine which appeared shortly after the

play was printed in the now-defunct Stage Mag-
azine, in which I did just that. And even then I
felt a little apprehensive because the play had
been running for quite some time on Broadway.
I see it is difficult indeed to insult the intelligence
of Michigan's chosen.
NOW I know I promised to tell you what was
wrong with my review, Art, and here it is. The
thing is simply upsidedown. Your disagreement
would not have come to the fore, I believe, if I
had followed safe critical procedure, beginning
by telling what was good about the play, then
proceeding to tell the minor points which I did
not like. The way I did it made the review sound
like a pan when actually it was a pretty enthu-
siastic boost. I realize that I didn't get around
to saying how well I liked The Male Animal until
almost the last sentence-I must have had too
much coffee, or the AP machine was annoying
me. By starting like that, on the straw instead
of the hay foot, I set a nasty tone up, and appar-
ently did not break it down into that old warm
praise in time to offset the first impression.
Perhaps it is because people do not read care-
fully enough, but I am old enough to realize such
things, and the fault is entirely mine. It is a
serious fault, maybe-well not quite as serious
as it appears in that first fine careless proprietary
feeling which gives rise to the letter to the edi-
tor-but certainly more serious than the play.
A bad job of criticism then, Art old man, and
I'll try to do better next time, and nothing is
settled because you feel that way and I feel this
way, and I read James Thurber and you read
Aristotle, and Hemingwayesque is picturesque,
and toujours gai, Art, toujours gai. Yours for
positivism and atavism. So long until soon, and

FIFTY YEARS AGO THIS MONTH Pope Leo XIII
issued his great encyclical, "Rerum Novarum" ("On
the Condition of the Working Classes"). Ten years
ago, Pope Pius XI reaffirmed and reinforced that ut-
terance by his "Quadragesimo Anno" ("On the Recon-
struction of the Social Order"). The Roman Catholic
world does well to celebrate the anniversaries of these
two notable pronouncements, and non-Catholic
Christians may no less appropriately join in recog-
nizing their importance as landmarks on the road to
Christianizing the modern economic and industrial
order.
Leo's encyclical dealt largely with the right of labor
to organize for its own defense and with the duty of
the state to have special care for the interests of those'
elements of society which were less able than others
to take care of themselves. The first of these points
was aimed at the then general prejudice against labor
unions; the second, against the laissez-faire concep-
tion that the state has no function except to preserve
public order while the strong and the weak struggle
f together.
IT WAS tremendously significant that this statement
of the rights of labor should have been made by a
Pope. An encyclical is always front-page news, and
it carries the weight of authority with millions.
The basic considerations in Pius XI's encyclical
were the priority of human interests over the mere
production of commodities in the industrial system,
the relevance of religion to the economic order, and
the consequent right of a representative of religion to
speak upon those economic and industrial questions
which cannot be divorced from the moral and spiritual
interests of men.
Encyclical's Five Points
-(UADRAGESIMO ANNO" encyclical shows the fol-
- 'N lowing as the principal points in Pius XI's social
and economic program:
1. The rights of private property and of the trans-
mission of property by inheritance 'are supported by
divine authority. The right of individuals to acquire
title to natural resources not previously held in private
ownership by "first occupancy" is defended without
qualification.
2. Capital and labor, both being necessary to pro-
ductive industry, should share the' wealth produced.
The owner of capital has as good a right to income as
the laborer has to wages.
3. There should be a more equitable distribution of
the products of industry than now exists. Wages
should be ample to support the worker and his family
without earnings by his wife and young children, and
should provide a margin for accumulation of property.
Where possible, laborers should be partners, sharing
in profits.
4. The right of workers to form unions for collective

The Popes On Labor
As Others Protestant editor acclaims anniversary of 50 year old ency.
clical of Pope Leo XIII which insists on the right to organize,
,See______________fair wages and security for laborers,
From the Christian Century

bargaining is reasserted. (Leo XIII had been 'very
emphatic on the right of voluntary association for this
or other purposes, and his statements are now being
quoted effectively against the absorption of such asso-
ciations into the totalitarian states.) "Vocational
groups" representing both labor and capital in whole
industries are held to be the most important elements
in the economic structure. Employers and employes
might also meet and organize separately to consider
their special interests. This implies the existence of
employers' associations as well as of labor unions
Points Of Similarity
This has some points of similarity with the pattern
of the Fascist "corporative state," but the Pope does
not contemplate any close relation of his vocational
groups with the government and he voices the fear
"that the new syndical and corporative institution
possesses an excessively bureaucratic and political
character."
5. No reconstruction of the social order can be
adequate without an improvement in morals and re-
ligion. A Socialist state would "foster a false liberty,"
and its program "has no place for true social authority
which is not based on temporal and material advan-
tage but descends from God alone."
* * *
o QUOTE from our editorial of 10 years ago:
"The Pope's encyclical should be welcomed by.
the whole Christian world. His condemnation of So-
cialism may seem unjust; and his opinion that it is
perfectly in accordance with the divine plan for those
who have capital to live well without working and to
transmit to their heirs forever that same -immunity
from toil may seem to mark his proposed reforms as
timidly conservative. But what would you?
No Tax On Inheritances
"You couldn't expect the Pope to declare for Social-
ism or for a confiscatory tax on inheritances. When
he says that workers should be partners, that labor
cannot be bought and sold like a cmmodity, that
clas's-conflict is not the road to industrial peace and
prosperity, that the laborer is worthy of a better hire,
a surer job and a richer life than he has ever had, and
that all these social' and economic matters lie within
the fields of religion, he is on our side. Welcome,
brother!"
SO the Christian Century joins heartily in acclaiming
the wisdom, the social insight and the human sym-
pathy of the two pontiffs whose encyclicals are now
being celebrated. They were both notable deliver-
ances, widely influential and deserving to be restudied
critically but appreciatively.

_

LETTERS
TO THE EDITOR
Is This A Machine War?
To the Editor:
IN DISCUSSING America's part in this war, Gerhart
Seger said that England will have no need for
United States troops because this is a war of machines
and not men.
I believe that if England is to win this war she will
ask for an American Expeditionary Force of more
than a million men. Further, I am sure that if we
convoy supplies bound for Britain, public demand will
cause us to send an A.E.F. irrespective of England's
"need."
Ii this is a war of machines only, I wonder why
England is training four million troops, and why her
Empire is training another four million? I would like
to know. why Germany has need of the six to nine
million soldiers she now has under arms? This war
cannot be won without a superiority in numbers of
troops as well as in tanks and planes. The Germans
know it, the Americans and the British are afraid to
find it out. In the Polish, Norwegian, Belgian, and
French campaigns, 'Germany had a great supremacy
in manpower as well as in machines of war. In the
recent Greek struggle 50,000 British soldiers and
250,000 ill-equipped, worn-out Greeks were pitted
against 350,000 Nazis. Hitler's armies. have had local
superiority of numbers in every battle in which they
have engaged, and they have had greater numbers at
most times along their entire war fronts than the
opposing armies have had.
ENGLAND desperately needs more men in Africa.
If we were now convoying she would be begging us
to send troops to Freetown and Suez. i
I do not believe it will be possible to keep the. Ameri-
can public from demanding an expeditionary force
after we loose a few destroyer-loads of sailors on con-
voy duty. The United States public has been fed lies
regarding the preparedness of its Army; and be-
lieving as it does that we are invincible, it would most
assuredly demand the sending of American doughboys
to Europe or Africa. If this should happen within the
next two years, the most insane loss of human life in
our history would result. As Hugh S. Johnson has
said, "Make no mistake about it, there isn't a mili-
tary 'expert' in any country who will deny that there
'isn't a chance of that kind of an outcome of this war-
the complete conquest of Hitler-without an immense
American expeditionary force, probably larger than
the last one, fighting once more on battlefields blood-
soaked for centuries. If that happens, the slaughter
will surpass anything ever known to the human race"
- Julian G. Griggs
Women Can Help, Too
Tn hFd ..-

t4~
GO

WASHINGTON-Wage-Hour Administrator Philip
Fleming soon may join the safari of U.S. officials sent
to Great Britain for war studies.
F HE GOES, Fleming will study more than wage
levels and overtime "efficiency." He isn't saying
so for fear of repercussions, but Fleming wants to use
the trip as a springboard for recommending some sen-
sational changes in the Wage-Hour Act, as follows:
(1) A boost in the present 40-hour-a-week working
maximum. Fleming believes this is especially neces-
sary in the skilled crafts and wants to find out, from
British experience, how long a man can work and re-
main efficient.
(2) A standardization of industrial wage levels all
over the country.
Fleming dropped some broad hints on this in his
annual report when he discussed "chaotic" labor con-
ditions during the World War.
"Wages were then completely unstandardized and
workers wandered from plant to plant seeking the
best wages obtainable," Fleming reported. "Such was
the confusion that the War Labor Policies Board was
finally driven to consider the necessity of universal
wage standardization, but peace intervened before that
policy was effectuated.
"The United States cannot enter a future war with-
out giving serious thought to the need for standard-
izing wages, both to protect workers and to promote
the efficient utilization of their time."
War Notes
U.S. observers in Germany report that the Hess trip
to Scotland is making a bigger impression on the
German people even than was expected. Everyone in
Germany is talking about it. But inside word is that
the British have spoiled the effect somewhat by hurl-
ing so much radio propaganda at the Germans.
wishing! There are many fields of action for you but
they are fields of voluntary draft and find few enlist-
ments. It is true that it is easier to give of your emo-
tion in heated words over a bridge game than to give
of your time in sewing or knitting. Yes, it's easier
on the pleasure-time budget, but much harder on the'
conscience and the self-respect. You strive for equality
with men. Are you going to give it up the first time it
entails a small sacrifice on your part? Are you willing
to have it said that you always take the easy way out
-let strong words and an easy financial donation here
and there take the place of the equally important do-
nation of time? The Red Cross needs that time and

q

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