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May 11, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-05-11

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£ ,- A T-. ... I -__ "_w7 "___ s r 1

NDA'Y, MAY 11, 1941



1 ..


M1h( B 11t tc hN F Pu - rm,~lNMIaK Lamm
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publipations.
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rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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carrier $4.00, by mail, $4.50.
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Editorial Staff

Emile Gele
Rbbert Speckhard
Albert P. Blaustein
David Lachenbruch
Bernard Dober
Alvin Dann
Hal Wilson
Arthur Hill
Janet Hiatt
Grace Miller

+ Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Sports Editor
Assistant Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
* . Assistant Women's Editor
Business Staff
. . . Business Manager
. . Assistant Business Manager
. Women's Advertising Manager
. . Women's Business Manager



H. Huyett
B. Collins
Wright .

The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
. writers only.
An Editorial .

(Continued from Page 1)

eligible to vote in Publications Board elections,
we quite frankly don't know, except to point out
that the answer to Professor Marn probably lies
in the first question of relative "maturity."
Another reason given for the reorganization
concerns the sacrifice involved in serving as a
Board member. It was felt that present faculty
members of the Board were overworked, and by
adding more faculty the responsibility could be
borne more easily. But such an argument works
both ways. Students as well as faculty are busy
people, especially the caliber of students who are
elected as members of the Publications Board.
The committee says that it is an insult to ask
alumni members to attend Board meetings and
deny them the vote. Though we have talked
to at least one alumni member who expressed
no desire for the vote, the argument we do think
has some merit, but, on the other hand, seems
inconsistent when supported by Professor Marin,
who personally says in all sincerity that the
students should have no vote whatsoever. Why
not constitute the Board with two faculty, two
alumni and three student members. In the very"
exceptional case of a clean split between the two
generations the older will have the final say as
at present, but the students will not feel the
coddled wards of an older generation whom the
students believe is determined to dominate them,
whatever the case. Incidentally, though the new
proposal would give two alumni members a vote,
it is implicit in the majority of six faculty over
a possible alumni-student bloc of five that the
alumni members are also deemed to lack that
"maturity" of which the committee speaks.
* * *
DEEPLY INVOLVED in our disagreement with
Professor Marin, the Council committee, et
al, is a question that wps a significant difference
in the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle. Plato
thought of members of the stater as wards of
the all-wise philosopher king. Aristotle, how-
ever, recognized that what were called the inter-
ests of the state were really individual satisfac-
tions, and insisted that the integrity of the in-
dividual, the need of the individual to partici-
pate in the governing of his life, were essential.
When the Council committee places students
in the role of advisers (and they are actually
nothing more in the faculty dominated Board
of 8-3), the committee does what Plato did in
his ideal state, except provide omniscient rulers.
It fails in the final analysis to realize the func-
tion of the editos, the student mebmers of
the Board, and the campus body politic-it fails
to give the individual that sense of responsibility
which draws him into the democratic process,
that responsibility which makes the individual
student as sincere a citizen of the University
as any faculty member.
When the committee proposes the reorganiza-,
tion plan it tells the editors that they are not
capable of living up to the code of ethics which
their student predecessors have formulated, it
tells the student members of the Board that they
are not to be trusted to enforce the code of
ethics, and it tells the student body that they
are not able enough to elect competent mem-
bers to the Puic~iatins Bonard.

May Festival
MR. ORMANDY and the Philadelphia Orches-
tra presented a very intelligible concert of
all-Sibelius works, including his first and sev-
enth symphonies and the violin concerto in D
The 7th Symphony, C Major, Opus 105, is a
work of one movement, built around a single
major theme and several minor ones which are
varied and rewarded throughout the entire con-
cert, and played without pause. The careful
modulations and expressiveness of the slow
movements contrasted in each interpolation with
the varying moods of the swifter passages. The
weaving of the whole from the original threads
of melody and harmony was done with singular
clarity and excellent musicianship.
MR. HF2FETZ proved his ability to do any-
thing with the violin that any one has ever
been able to do. His tones were consistently
clear and round, his bowing excellent. We do
not feel that his tone is the best we have heard
in the field of violin, but for all-round per-
Formance and intimate treatment of violin
works he is stamped for us indelibly as a vir-
tuoso of top rank. His treatment of the thematic
material and the subsequent variations and de-
viations of each movement was done with ai
fine understanding. Particularly striking, we
thought, were the beautiful loneliness of the
violin during the first few moments of the
allegro moderato and the full thrilling tones of
the adagio.
The breadth and magnitude of Sibelius' first
'Symphony in E Minor deny the oft-brought
charge that it is a work of nationalistic charac-
ter, although we freely admit that the peculiar
texture of Sibelius' music can be thought to e-
press the popular conception of Finland's rocky
shores and hardy people. We have always found
it to be of far greater significance. Mr. Or-
mandy brought the orchestra to a high pitch of
excellence in this work of greatly changing
mood; and despite a ragged pizzicato or two,
and a false entrance by oboe and English Horn
in duets, he deserves great credit for his highly
intelligent performance.
THE ENCORE was Finlandia, a rugged work
of lyrical melodies, immense sound, and
stirring passages, and was, as always, popularly
FIRST I should like to say that I believe an
opera should be sung and not read. Secondly
I should like to say that at least the first half
of last night's concert was ungood. The quartets
were particularly poor. The best work of the
evening was that of the chorus which again
proved itself to be a sterling group. Of the
soloists I can say that I hope all of them im-
prove. The best spots for them, were the aria
of Prince .Gremin, taken by Norman Cordon,
which showed that he has promise; that of the
aria, "I can't forget it" by Mack Harrell, which
proved conclusively that he can sing once he
removes the marbles from his mouth; and the
final aria by Jarmilla Novotna, which proves
that she has no sense of the artistry of singing.
Miss Szantho is fair and showed more experi-
ence than most of the others. Miss Sten's part
gave one no opportunity to judge of her ability.
Charles Kullman may one day develop into a
fine singer.
LAST NIGHT was demonstrated the inability
of Tschaikowsky to provide music on an
opera text. Often the solo parts were entirely
inaudible under the heavy orchestration. We
hope for better next year.
Thursday's magnifient performance by Gre-
gor Piatigorsky and the Philadelphia Symphony
Orchestra under Dr. Ormandy of Richard
Strauss' Don Quixote, Fantastic Variations for

Violoncello and Orchestra, recalls to mind that
the same orchestra, but with Emanuel Feuer-
mann doing the solo cello work, has recently
made, for Victor, a recording of the Strauss tone-
poem (M-720).
This listener has not had the opportunity of
hearing Feuermann in the role, but apparently
-according to men in the Philadelphia Orches-
tra who played with both 'cellists-his perform-
ance is as fine as Piatigorsky's was the other
night. There are the natural differences, of
course, in approach and interpretation, and, if
anything,-again according to Philadelphia men
-Feuermann's tone is a bit more appropriately
full. In any case, it seems quite clear that the
Victor recording of the musical adventures of-
Cervante's wandering Knight is a satisfying job.
*r *
Jose Iturbi has no recording of the Liszt Con-
certo which he played here Friday; except
for his playing-along with his sister, Amparo-
of the Mozart sparkling two-piano Concerto in
E-flat major (Victor, M-732, three 12-inch rec-
ords), he apparently has never done any con-
certo work for recording.
But he has recorded, with characteristic ar-
tistry, many delightful single records. There are
some melodic Mozart sonatas, and several ex-
citing Spanish numbers done as only Mr. Iturbi1
does them. One of them--Pequena-Danza Es-
pagnola-he himself has confessed composing un-
der peculiar circumstances. It seems that many
years ago in Paris he was to play in a concert
four Spanish dances composed for him by M.
Infante. One day before the concert only three
of them had arrived, so that Mr. Iturbi was for-
ced to improvise a dance in order to live up to his
program of "Four .Spanish Dances." The result

9$i9 tn e aq?
aThis is Me
" Mother's Day
WELL, I ain't going very far, but if you want
to ride along with me, hop in back with the
hawgs. .If you don't like the way I drive, you're
welcome to jump out any time.
* * *
I had already decided that I wasn't going to
write any "first" column. I was just going to
sail right into it as if I'd been putting out this
stuff for six weeks-already. But my better judg-
ment lost out, so here is my introduction, or
In this column I want to look at things through
the eyes of a typical student at Ann Arbor. Not
necessarily the fellow who joined the frat club
because his old man was a member and not
necessarily the fellow who is working so hard
to get his education that he never finds the
time to stop and smile.
WANT to represent a typical "student"-the
fellow who hitch-hikes to Detroit on sunny
Saturdays; the fellow who cuts his eight
o'clocks so he can sleep a little longer; that
representative fellow who endures four years of
regulated routine called college so that he may
receive a passport to a wonderful and glorious
future-I want to represent that fellow in my
So just keep in mind that this column is to
be a reflection of campus (and world) life as
seen through the eyes of that fabulous "typical
No, I don't mean the Joe College type. I'm
referring to the college student of today; Joe
College is of the twenties. Today's student is
just a bit more' serious than Joe. He realizes
'hat without a moment's notice the entire
world may crumble beneath his feet.
RUT don't get the idea that I'm going to paint
a dismal picture, as some of my predecessors
have done. My constant goal will be to make
people smile by thinking and think by smiling.
When I have a serious point to make, I'll try
to do it with satire; if the attempt fails, I'm
Most of the time this column will have very lit-
tle rhyme and less reason, but I'll put down my
impressions as long as we have a democracy
and the editorial director is willing.
Enough of that.
* * *
Don't throw stones at your mother;
She never threw stones at you,
- fiom an old Scottish hymn
So just as a sample of the invaluable service
that Going My Way is going to supply in the
future, I present a new and satisfying Mother's
Day gift for those students temporarily sans
funds-be it due to poverty or debauchery.
If you haven't the cash to phone your mother
and you can't even afford a predigested (All
that I am or hope to be I owe to you, my mother
-No. 73256-A) telegram or a two-bit box of
sweets, here's the Mother's Day present that
most mamas would be tickled to death to receive.
Instructions-clip out this column between the
dotted lines below, print in your name neatly
over the little dots on the first line and mail it
to your mother. That ought to make the old
lady kick through with a couple of bucks,
.was honored yes-
terday by the President of the University for
outstanding scholarship during the past se-
He was awarded, by special vote of the fac-
ulty, an honorary membership into Phi Beta
Kappa. He needs twenty bucks to pay his dues.

JELL, there's more than one way to skin a
Yost Steps Down
the Big Ten, as the Western Conference used
to be called before Chicago fell, and since Field-
ing H. Yost was born on April 30, 1871, he steps
down from the University of Michigan but not
out of memory. No man ever gave Ann Arbor
more prestige except maybe Judge Cooley, the
Angells or Joe Parker. Yost was in Michigan ath-
letics for two generations, and the Middle West
knew no other opponent more dangerous year
in and year out. The most amazing set of foot-
ball victories ever compiled-not forgetting Rock-
ne's and the mighty Yale teams of forty years ago
-were of Yost's manufacture. His team of 1901
scored 550 points to the opponents' none. It won
the first Rose Bowl game, againstStanford, 49-0.
His 1902 team was again undefeated in eleven
games, 644 points to 12. In 1903 Yost won eleven
of twelve games, being tied, 6 to 6, by Minne-
sota and scoring 565 points for 6 for the op-
position. In 1904 Yost's team was again unde-
feated. At the end of the last game of the
schedule of 1905 Chicago scored the first points
scored against Michigan all season and won, 2 to
0. It was the first time in fifty-seven games and
five years of football that Yost had lost.
Naturally the man whose football teams were
licked only twenty-nine times in 174 games isn't
going to leave Ann Arbor as his last contract as
athletic director is up. What would he do in a
city that had no Huron River, no Washtenaw, no

'The Managerial Revolution'
As Others Economist Peter Drucker agrees with author's thesis that
capital is losing control to management, but challenges the
major premise of economic determinism.
Peter Drucker reviews James Burnham's book, "The Managerial Revolution," in Saturday Review of Literature.

MF,. BURNHAM, in this highly provocative and worth-
while book, sees the central fact of ourpresent so-
cial and political situation in the divorce of manage-
ment-control and legal ownership in the modern big
business corporation. This divorce has given economic
and social control to a small group of professional man-
agers who owe their power to professional acumen, ad-
ministrative ability, and promotion from inside rather
than to stock ownership and legal control. It is, more-
over, creating a new ruling class and is disenfranchising
the old ruling class of capitalists.
Mr. Burnham shows how far this divorce has already
gone; he is convinced that it represents an irresistible
trend and that the managers will be tomorrow the real
rulers-if they are not already now. It is a change in
the basic techno-economic structure of society which
will enforce a complete change of the social and political
system upon all industrial countries of the world. Hit-
ler, Stalin-and also the New Deal-are wittingly or
unwittingly only the "front" for this new ruling class
and its power. The present world war, the new systems
in Europe, are only the external signs of this "Mana-
gerial Revolution" which will proceed inescapably to
the expropriation of all private industrial property by
a state acting as the executive organ of the new mana-
gerial rulers.
R. BURNHAM is convinced that at least in its first
stages this new society must be totalitarian, just as
the new society of bourgeois capitalism was in its in-
cepticn in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
This does not rule out the possibility that later on,
when the new society has become sufficiently stabilize,
it will be able to introduce some features of popular
government and individual freedom which apparently
seem to Mr. Burnham to be luxuries affordable only by
the rich and the strong.
It is certainly true that the divorce of management
and legal ownership is one of the basic and most im-
portant facts in modern industrial society. It is also
true that it poses a great many vital political problems.
After all, the justification of control, i.e., of political
and social power over the productive machinery, by
the legal title of ownership, has been one of the great
principles of modern society since Locke and Hume.
The separation of the two-even though by no means
complete-necessarily compels a revaluation of inher-
ited traditional concepts-those of capitalism as well
as those of socialism-and a reconsideration of the rela-
tionship between society and the rights of private
NMR. BURNHAM is not the first writer to draw atten-
tion to this development. Yet he has done a real
service by showing the fundamental importance of this
development. And it would be hardly possible to dis-
miss this book except after a careful examination of
its basic premises. Even less permissible would it be to
shrug it off as another "Wave of the Future" contribu-
tion. It is far too serious for that; and it is far too
obvious that Mr. Burnham sincerely disapproves of a
trend which nevertheless he considers inevitable.
In Mr. Burnham's argument there is one contradic-
tion which weakens his conclusions. Mr. Burnham be-
Food For Hitler
To the Editor:
ONCE AGAIN the forces of isolation and appeasement
on campus, the same group that sponsored "trans-
mission belt" Senator Wheeler, are attempting to "sabo-
tage" the aid-to-England movement by presenting a
"Herbert Hoover" food plan proponent to the student
In the name of Humanity, this group calls upon the
American people to support the sending of foodstuffs
and so-called non-war materials to the countries under
German domination. We are firmly opposed to this
further indication of appeasement undertaken by the
Hoover cohorts..
WE KNOW that Nazi aggression and not the English
blockade is responsible for the plight of the Euro-
pean peoples, that any shortages are direct creations of
the Nazis and are due to confiscations to feed the in-
vading armies of the Third Reich. We know that the
Germans have boasted that there is no critical food
situation (Broadcast from Berlin, September 20, 1940,
repeated in effect on December 3, 1940, and reported by

the Berlin Institute for Business Research) and that
the net result, in any event, of sending fo6d to Europe
through the British blockade would be to directly con-
tribute to the Nazi war machine.
these apparently reasonable; requests for food, Hit-
ler is encouraged to delay the return of stolenmaterials
in the hope that America will "make up the difference."
We believe that if America resolves not to send this
type of boomerang help, Hitler will be forced to feed
his dominated peoples because they are producing for
his war machine, because to do otherwise would be to
admit the inability of the "New Order" to feed the
people it "protects," because unrest and revolution are
inevitable unless the conquered nations are fed.
We are confident that the subjugated peoples of
Europe, French, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Belgian,
Greek, Yugoslavian, Polish, Czechoslovaks, and all,
prefer that America not even make the attempt, pre-
doomed to failure, and by doing so force the breakdown
of the English blockade. Every shipload helps Hitler
perpetuate his dictatorial control.
AID THIS WAY would be used by the Nazis to show
the peoples of Europe that America approves of the
"New Thought." We can and should not permit even
the slightest suspicion to enter the minds of the Euro-

lieves it to be inevitable that private ownership of the
means of industrial production will disappear. On his
own argument there is no reason why this should hap-
pen as a consequence of the development he expects.
Since private property, according to his very well docu-
mented thesis, has become unimportant compared to
the direct power of control of the management, even
the technological society of the future which he en-
visages, can well afford to keep private property alive
as a mere title. Anyhow, that is precisely what the
managerial" societies of the last ten years have done
EVEN MORE IMPORTANT is the question whether
the facts support Mr. Burnham's contention that
"Hitler, Stalin or the New Deal are only fronts for the
new economic rulers." To this reviewer, at least, it
seems that the essence of the modern totalitarian gov-
ernment is that it uses economic power as an-auxiliary
to political power, and that it uses the managers as a
"front" for the new political ruling class of ,a party
bureaucracy. That this is not true of the New Deal in
any respect seems to this reviewer sufficient reason
to repudiate Mr. Burnham's identification of the New
Deal with the totalitarian dictatorships.
The real attack against Mr. Burnham's position must,
hpwever, bes made against his basic assumptions. Mr.
Burnham considers his book to be a repudiation of
Marxism in all its forms. Yet his basic assumptions
are those of the Marxists, namely:
(1) that political power is always the tool of economic
(2) that political ideologies are always fabrications
to cover the class distribution of economic power,
(3) that social, political, and economic developments
inescapably follow the trend of technological pro-
FOR THOSE who share these assumptions, Mr. Burn-
ham's thesis is indeed irrefutable. And it should
be realized that these assmptions are shared today not
only by the professed Marxists but by a large body of
economic, social, and political thinkers, including those
of the extreme Right.
Yet if society is to continue free, it must be asserted
that ideas are not economically determined, that they
are not "myths" invented to cover economic power; and
above all, it must be reasserted that power must be
legitimate and that legitimacy is not a function of eco-
nomic reality but one of the basic beliefs of society.
If Mr. Burnham thinks that the totalitarian power
wielded by the managers will be "legitimate" simply
because it mirrors the existing structure of industrial
production, he denies all possibility of right or wrong
in politics. But those who refuse to accept his conclu-
sions should realize that they can only do so if tl ey
refuse to accept his basic premise of the economic de-
termination of political developments, and of the ines-
capability and inevitability of political and social de-
THE FACT that it is impossible to discuss this book
without also discussing the fundamentals of po-
litical and social beliefs, shows that it is an extra-
ordinary book. All in all, it is one of the best recent
books on political and social trends; it will probably
become the Bible o the next generation of neo-
Iiofiinie S"ayS
WHAT OF COSMIC JUSTICE? How can one believe
God to be either good or, able? Many more stu-
dents are asking such questions now than in any se-
mester during the decade-a reasonable shift of interest.
Students who formerly thought that general pros-
perity would bring them success now begin to doubt.
Some never gave religion, human destiny, and the
cosmos a thought until calamity struck. Many who lived
from day to day enjoying the security which a steady
income guaranteed now feel that they are being short-
changed. A few, very few, seem to believe that human-
ity is being punished, that retribution has caught up
with the race, or that man's sin is finding himout. For
all of these student every questiorl about cosmic justice
means rather what chance is there for me. Except
for the pathos and regret involved such persons are not
the ones of chief concern to my educator.
who have been trained to believe that right, is more
certain to triumph than wrong-that truth eventually
will win over falsehood-that humility surpasses ego-
ism-that virtue must eventually eliminate vice-that
truth will take the field from error. The ones who record
much at stake are those who have learned the theory of

good and evil as accepted by one of our ablest profes-
sors of philosophy: "In the creative process in which
we are co-workers with God, we are given the oppor-
tunity for victory and love, for beauty and for virtue,
which is its own reward. To ask for more is to ask
for what God himself cannot give." (Dewitt H. Park-
er, Experience and Substance). To see these youth dis-
illusioned is to witness the suicide of our Christian edu-
These are the children of Christian culture, the
youth who have taken seriously our schools, our church-
es, our ethics, our idealism, our democratic emphasis.
Without being chiefly for "the main chance" nor'
dedicated to the pagan theory that might makes right,
these persons in deep earnestness ask whether we were
telling the truth when we taught humanitarian vir-
tues and validated that teaching with Scripture. Now
suddenly they find themselves in a world where good
seems to be down and evil up, where power makes
cruelty win, and where whole peoples, because of their
uniqueness are erased. Hence these questions.
T HE RELIGIOUS MAN believes in a universe of God
which is weighted in favor of the virtues. Also he
believes that virtue can win; not that it will, but it
can. Virtue can win if men so decree. As to cosmic
justice, suppose there is only cosmic fairness, only re-

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