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April 24, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-04-24

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/
PACE FO-(J

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY, APJRIL24, 1941

I .

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Sergeants Are No Longer
Tough,' Ex-Daily Man Says

uwuR mkrsosaeix-o{ t +-swiarira i.arxa,... ..-- .-d
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
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use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
tights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
, Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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carrier $4.00;, by mail, $4.50.
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420 MA~isoN AvE. NEw YORK. N. Y.
rHICAGO *"BOsTon *"LOS ANGELES ' SAN FRAtCISCO
bmember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41I

Editorial Staff

Uervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshetsky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mescott
Donald Wirtehafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. g S~z5Editor
.Women's Editor
Exchange Editor

Business Staff

Business Manager.
r Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

.
.
.

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

NIGHT EDITOR: BERNARD DOBER
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staf and represent the views of the
writers only
A Dupont
On A Picket Line .. .
THERE is an interesting old lady who
lives in Louisville, Kentucky. That
is, she lives in Louisville except when she is off'
on a picket line some place or is fighting for
labor at some board of directors' meeting.
Her name is Dupont, Zara Dupont, and she is
a first cousin of the Duponts who make millions
from munitions, cellophane, nylon hosiery and
a large et cetera.
Between the Dupont mansion in Wilmington,
Delaware, and the modest Dupont home in
Louisville there is a Mason-Dixon line. Not that
there is active warfare - Zara visits her rich
cousins every Christmas and is known to them
as Aunt Nick. But she disagrees with them all
the way down the line and tells them so em-
phatically.
THE Delaware Duponts, you may know,
make more money off the labor of their
workmen than Ford does off his men or
Tom Girdler makes off his steel workers.
The Dupont laborer gets about $1500 per
year, which is a good average wage; the
Dupont firm, however, gets $2400 from the
goods he produces.
Zara believes that her cousins are wrong. She
has been fighting for a squarer deal for labor
and under-privileged Americans ever since she
walked out on plans for her coming-out party
because she did not want "to learn how to drink
teas."
Instead, when 21, she joine the board of the
Children's Free Hospital in Louisville. But she
soon came to the conclusion that charity and
philanthropy were "futile."
"The more I learned about charity," she said,
-the more I learned it was the wrong way to go
about things. It doesn't get at the root of the
evil. It merely takes care of conditions, not
causes."
Today, at 72, she is a dues-paying member of
03 progressive or educational organizations,
}hurries - whenever her health permits-to walk
on some picket line, and spends her reveries re-
flecting upon her campaign to free Tom Mooney,
of her struggles for civil liberties, of her thirty-
year battle for women's suffrage, of her frank
espousal of birth control, of her militant fight
for Negro rights.
The future? "I confidently expect," she
says, "to live till the time when a Jew, a
Negro, a Catholic and a woman will have
been elected President of the United States"
ZARA made the headlines again a week or so
ago when she arose at a routine Bethlehem
Steel Company stockholders' meeting in Wil-
mington, Del., to criticize the company and its
officials for what she said was its "unfair" labor
policy.
She introduced a resolution asking the
company to obey all labor laws, especially the
National Labor Relations Act; immediately
abolish all company unions, and institute a
policy whereby no salaries or bonuses total-
ing more than $50,000 would be paid "until
the annual wage of the lowest-paid worker
is $2,000."
It does not seem a great deal to ask. But the
stockholders voted down her proposal posthaste.
-Hervie Haufler.

This is the third in a series on selective service
in practice, written by a former Daily man now
In the army.
By JOHN SCHWAZWALDER
O QUESTION is asked more frequently of
the new soldier than the immemorial "How
do you and the sergeant get along?" The lurid
tales of the tough top kicks in the World War
seem to have stuck in American memories a long
time. Whether or not all those old stories are
true I have no way of knowing but if they are
true there has been a tremendous change since
those days.
It is a genuine pleasure to report with neither
hope of reward nor fear of reprisal that the non-
commissioned officers and the regular army men
are easily the best thing about the army as it
now exists. These men have had thorough
training and they know their jobs. They know
their duties and they know the machines they
are called upon to operate. They know the
drill and, in general, they know how to teach
these things to the new soldiers. This includes
both the old World War veterans with more
than twenty years of service and the new lads,
mostly from the South, who are not much older,
if as old, than most of the selectees. Somewhere
along the line these men have acquired the
practical knowledge of how to make war, how
to take care of themselves in the field and in
the camp and how to lead men.
"F COURSE, the proverbial tough sergeant
was never denied his titlq as a first class
fighting man; it was his personality that kept
mothers awake at night fearing that he was
abusing their sons. If all that ever was true
it is not true today. Today's non-com is dis-
tinguished by his ambition to impove himself
and his command, whatever it may be, but he
is also very much a part of that command and
if he should prove to be a slave driver the com-
mand has numerous ways of letting him know
that it resents such treatment. Fortunately such
slave drivers are rare. Much conmoner is the
sergeant who plays cards or baseball with the
men in his barracks, who drinks an occasional
glass of beer with them at the Post Exchange,
who is prodigal of hints about changing socks
before a march or using an old toothbrush to
get into the tiny slots in the rifle mounting so
that the inspecting officer will find no fault
with the weapon.
Even more helpful is the sergeant's manner
of assigning the dirty and distasteful jobs in an
impartial way and his ability to make life easier
for the recruit in any number of small but ex-
tremely important ways. Some of the non-coms
have even been known (it's true-I'll go on oath
about it) to loan money to some of the lads who
havespenttheir twenty-one a month not wisely
but too well
The ,hole subject of comradeship in the army
is one which is all too seldom broached and yet
it is one of the most important compensations
for the whole uncomfortable business. I never
knew what kindness could mean until the day
when I had to walk two miles to a train with a
suitcase of music in one hand and a typewriter
and a barracks bag of army equipment in the
other. The fact that my feet were sore and that
I was running a fever didn't help matters a bit.
To my complete amusement the two sergeants
who were bringing up the rear promptly relieved
me of my baggage without being asked and car
ried it to the train. When I tried to thank them
both of them told me to forget it and one
brought out a cigar and asked if I wanted to
smoke it. I had never seen either before and
probably won't again but you don't forget such
things. My heroism for the day consisted in
smoking the cigar. I didn't want it but if it had
been made of old trolley wires I'd have smoked
it just the same after that experience.
HAVE NEVER HEARD a man in this army
refuse to do another a favor if he possibly
between the ages of 30 and 35 be exempted from
military service.
There seems little doubt that such a proposal
would be of great service to the National Defense
Program yet a hard fight is expected before such
a measure is passed by Congress. The national
legislature, it seems, is either afraid of losing a
large number of "mothers'" votes, as many have
claimed, or it honestly believes that persons of

that age are not sufficiently mature to make
good soldiers.
AS far as the army is concerned, the proposal
is a good one and military men have at one
time or another presented several valid argu-
ments, to explain the Army's position. These
arguments, if considered objectively, should con-
vince the public that a reduction of army age
requirements is desirable.
First of all, there is the fact that men between
the ages of 18 and 21 are best equipped physically
for military duty. Older men, it is asserted,
especially those who are already past 30, are
frequently much less able to undergo the hard-
ships which often accompany the uniform than
younger individuals.
SECONDLY, it would be more advantageous to
draft younger men because tley tend to mold
themselves into an oiganization like the army
more rapidly than their elders. Psychologists
today maintain that the enthusiasm of youth
plus their comparatively small number of set
habits tend to make them considerably better
equipped mentally for military life than those
in the 30- to 35-year age group.
Family and personal disorganization is the
third 'point which has been discussed by those
favoring this proposal. They have clearly dem-

could. The time may come all too soon when he
needs one done for him. Nobody refuses to take'
another man's place on a fatigue job when the
man needs relief, nobody refuses to share his
last cigarette or to pass around the cake from
home even when doing so means that there
is only one piece left for the original recipient.
Such things simply aren't done. Even my new
typewriter (far more sacred than the woman I
love since she could, possibly, be replaced but it
could not on this salary) has known alien hands
in the last two months. It isn't just that the
man who won't give his fellow a lift becomes a
pariah, it isn't even the fear that a return favor
may be needed; it comes closer to being the kind
of thing that religion ought to be and seldom is.
It's a feeling that helping one another is the
only thing to do, that being generous with what
one has and prodigal of assistance to those who
need it is the only possible way to live. And in
the army it is the only possible way to live. It is
hard to imagine what animosities backbiting
and jealousies would be like in an army. Cer-
tainly it is impossible here.
Which brings me to another question which
friends always ask. "What are the men like?"
they say. "Is the army 'an intellectual vacuum'
as so many have said?" Questions like that are
hard to answer because so much of whether or
not a man retains his clarity of vision and his
intellectual keenness depends upon the man. In
the post where I am now stationed we have five
first rate commercial artists, three excellent
musicians, four Psi U's from Eastern colleges,
all bankers, (social note) and a sprinkling of
teachers and engineers. Conversation and read-
ing being the chief amusements, each of the
group brings to conversation his choice stories
and his very best reminiscences. Each man lends
his books to all who want to read them. I, for
one, have not been starved for either. In fact
when I leave the army and write "Six Men in
a Tent" which will NOT be passed by army au-
thorities, I am going to have an embarrassing
wealth of material. There seem to be any num-,
ber of tales which have not yet reached the
Middle West.
THERE ARE other aspects of this question of
comradeship. A sociologist might be ap-
palled by the fact that men who work with their
hands in this part of the country are already
beginning to speak a language as different from
that of those who work with their brains as
Cockney is from Oxford English. We are, ap-
parently, already on the way to a stratification
of society which bodes the country no future
good if speech is any criterion. Perhaps the
leveling influence of the army can do some good,
here, perhaps not. But even this basic differ-
ence has little effect on army life. The man who
speaks Harvard English is quite likely to be
found eagerly learning' how to splice cordage
from an East side dockworker whom he hardly
understands and whose ideas on art and the
cosmos are solely derived from a careful perusal
of gory murders as reported in the Mirror. Fur-
thermore the two are fast friends on a basis
which seems to be as firm as the splice they
were making.
WHETHER all this is good or bad depends, I
suppose, on your politics and your preju-
dices. All that I can say here is that such fra-
ternity is, to most of us, the best thing we have
found in the army.
.t

LETTERS
TO THE EDITOR
Dear Sir:
Should the University "pack" the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations?
I am tempted to say that Touch-
stone's recent column answers that
question with a resounding YES.
As I read the article I had to look
twice at the masthead. Was this our
college paper or was it the Daily
Worker?
Never have I read an article so out
of keeping with the tenets of reput-
able American journalism.
,Such sentences as: "There's a
rather unpleasant, short word for
you, Mr. President Roosevelt, and
though I can't print it, you can't
stop me from thinking" . . . "but
what the hell, since when have the
people been running this country?"
and similar passages left me gasping.
The inferences and specific acqu-
sations of the author are very plain.
And, in my opinion, the duty of the
Board in Control of Student Publi-!
cations is equally plain.
These are critical times for Ameri-
ca because 'we find ourselves at the
cross-roads of world revolution. De-
cisions must be made which are mon-
umental and unprecedented in their
meaning for us.
In an effort to help us intelligently
make these decisions we rely upon
a press which is awake to its respon-
sibilities. We ask for newspapermen
who have a passionate belief in the
American ideals of justice, truth, and
charity. We demand men who be-
lieve in our system of free enterprise
which is the only existing economic
order compatible with freedom and
human progress. We need men with
a knowledge of the fundamentals.
We do not need writers who flip-
pantly impugn the integrity of our
national leaders. Last spring both
political parties chose a man on the
basis of their foreign policy plat-
forms. Willkie was a repudiation of
the Dewey, Taft, Vandenberg iso-
lation school of thought. Roosevelt
represented a slap in the face for the
Wheeler group. Recently our duly
elected representatives, after full and
free debate, wrote that foreign policy
into the law of the land in the form
of the Lend-Lease Bill. Democracy
spoke and America closed ranks. To
function effectively we must now
carry that declared policy through to
a successful conclusion.

t 1.

WASHINGTON. - For many tion far worse than last June, when
months, dapper little Russian Am- France fell. Then there still remain-
bassador Constantine Oumansky used ed a few European nations which
to complain privately that he could
not . get an audience with Cordell might stand against Hitler. But to-
Hull, Secretary of State. day the map of Europe resenbles that
"All I see is Sumner Welles," grip- of 1804, when Napoleon had swallow-
ed Ambassador Oumansky. "The ed the entire continent ecept Portu-
matters I have to discuss should be
taken up with the Secretary of State gal, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, and
personally." Turkey. Those same five countries
are the only ones standing today.
UT what the .usually astute Am-
bassador did not know was that NAPOLEON AT THAT TIME was
Mr. Hull disliked all things Russian, working with Russia. It was not
didn't want to discuss Russia,/ or be until 1811 that he turned against
reminded of Russia. He classified
the Soviet with such institutions as Russia, and the tide later turned
carpet-baggers, John L. Lewis, Hull's against him. Remembering that, per-
Cabinet colleague Harold Ickes, and haps, Cordell Hull has been wooing
the Civil War guerillas who attacked Russia, the country he hates, but
is fathe M ll hasnothe only the strong ally to whom the
choicest vocabularies in Washington, dmcaisnwcntr~
and when he turned it loose on Rus-
sia he really outdid himself. INSIDE THE CABINET, Secretary
All of which is by way of empha- Hull is not the only man worried
sizing the change which took place about the war situation. Even more
the other day when Cordell Hull worried, at least more articulate, are
actually issued a public statement Republican Cabineteers Stimson and
praising Soviet Russia. Knox, Democrat Morgenthau, and ex-
That statement was issued not be- Republican Ickes. In some degree
cause Mr. Hull's basic feelings to- furthermore, the entire Cabinet
ward Russia had changed, but only shares this worry.
because there are very few nations Some are greatly concerned At the
left in the world today which may President's inactivity. Though faced
be potential bulwarks against Hitler. with a desperate catastrophe, they
Russia is foremost among them, and feel that he leas been waiting for
Mr. Hull openly and obviously was public opinion to catch up to him.
wooing the hated Soviet. Roosevelt always has prided him.
'HATINCIDENT, more than al- self on keeping his ear tuned to po-
mcst any other recent develop- litical ground-swells, being able t
ment in Washington, is a tell-tale feel the public pulse. He knows when
indication of the seriousness with it is dangerous to get too far ahead
which Cabinet members view the des- of public sentiment, and when he
perate plight of the British and the is in step with it,
very dangerous situation of the Uni- But today, some White House ad
ted States. visers -believe Roosevelt is applying
Real fact is that many military too much smart politics to gauging
strategists doubt whether the British public opinion, instead of getting ou
can hold out until September. in front and forming public opinion
Z1 Th JJ ens. the rtish sihin.J -.cA himself.

TRADE MAK cPIS~E

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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

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E~iAL>

The
City Editor's
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flow

F j
SOME SENIORS could save a lot of money and
bother by not wearing the orthodox caps and
gowns to Commencement this year. It's a lot
easier to put on the khaki a day or so early.
You can't out-reason the army. One of
the generals said yesterday that Uncle Sam's
Democratic armed forces needed two and
one-half million men, if Congress was will-
ing to agree. It seems the original request of
1,400,000, as agreed upon in the Selective
Service Act, was just an opening bid.
Parley Notes
By MARTIN DWORKIS
Lasting impressions never recorded in the
minutes of Parley committee meetings . . . a
dozen intellectuals squirming for two hours
trying to dope out a Parley title . . . and fail-
ing . . . the constant cliches popping up . . . and
completely ignored . . the General Secretary's
pleading looks when assigned a new task . - -
Professor Smithies' "Let's not forget the eco-
nomic facts" . . . the luncheon meeting and
the apparent off-hand appointment of faculty
men to committees . . really a long awaited
opportunity.
Awaited pleasures . . . the earnest young
radical anxious to get his "say" in . . . the.
faculty man who gets wound up for an hour's
lecture and has to be cautioned by the chair-
man . . . people who still have to be convinced
that Parley meetings start on time . . . cries of

Of course this does not mean that
constructive criticism is to be denied.
But it does mean that the twisting of
half truths into vicious distortions
can no longer be tolerated. It means
that America has no room for men
who seek to play upon our humanr
fears and weaknesses instead of ap-
pealing to our rational powers. Hit-
ler's paid agents are doing the former
job altogether too well.
This brings me to the question
which I would like to put to the stu-
dent body-How can we get a Daily
feature staff that is representative
of us?
It is my opinion that we must
adopt the technique of certain small
but well knit groups that have cap-
tured the important publication
posts. And just what is that tech-
nique? It is a unified, interested,
and alert student group at campus
election time.
Isn't the goal worth the effort?
- Fred Niketh, '41L
{ DANCE]
By JANET HIATT
Britain will get all the American
aid she needs if one is to. judge by
the enthusiastic display of flag wav-
ing chariacterizing the Juniors on
Parade dance revue which opened at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre last
night. About 150 kids performed in
the patriotic show which proved to
be a miracle of red, white and blue
and elaborate costuming as much
as a "dance" revue.
As conspicuous as the costumes and
scenic effect, however, was the com-
plete lack of any toe or acrobatic
dance routines. The show was con-
fined strictly to tap and ballet dances
with some misused mixture of both.
Hits of the show were the babies,
in particular the 10 of the American
Beauty bouquet young Donnie Stack-
house as a miniature Uncle Sam,
and Audrey Ann Spetter as "A Bit of
Loveliness." Biggest hand of the en-
tire first act went to little Jimmy
Hart who was all britches in a jockey
suit as the Kentucky Derby Kid, and
to Sandra Kay Hannal and Betsy
Holmes who found their imitation
of Nancy Jeanne Hannah's and Judy
Cushing's swing and tap hula dance
as comical as did the audience.
Best among the middle sized
dancers was Marlene Hutton whose!
three appearances established her
as an accomplished ballet mistress as
well as singer. Dick Gauss also dis-
played multiple talents as dancer,
singer, and pianist.
Among the outstanding choruses
was the French Hoop quintet; the
change of the guards at Buckingham
Palace, notable especially for the

(continued from Page 2)
Physical Education for Women:t
The following regular classes in phy-
sical education are open to a limitedE
number of elective women students:c
Elementary Riding, M.W. 2:30. 1
Elementary Archery, M.W. 2:30. t
Elementary Tennis, Every after-,
noon except Friday.I
Elementary Swimming, T.T. 4:15, t
Barbour Pool.r
Intermediate Swimming, T.T. 7:30
p.m., Union Pool.
La Crosse, M.W. 4:15.
Register at Women's Athletic Build-
ing before Friday noon, April 25. t
The following Friday . afternoon1
classes are offered for upperclass and
graduate women only:
Elementary and Intermediate Ten-
nis, Archery, Elementary Golf at 3:20.
Also Intermediate Golf at 4:30 on
Wednesday.
Please register at the Women's Ath-
letic Building by Friday noon, April
25.
Concerts
Orchestra and Choral Concert: The
Michigan School Vocal Association, in
cooperation with the Music Section
of the Schoolmasters' Club, will close]
its Fifth Annual Solo and Ensemble
Festival in a joint concert by the
University Symphony Orchestra, Thor
Johnson, Conductor, and the com-
bined school choruses of nearly one
thousand participants, Saturday af-
ternoon, April 26, at 4:30 o'clock, in
Hill Auditorium.
The program will include "Peterj
and the Wolf" by Prokofieff, with'
Hardin Van Deursen as narrator.
The public is invited without ad-
mission charge.

Carillon Recital: Percival P-ice,
University Carillonneur, will pres nt
the second in the Spring Series of
carillon recitals from 7:15 to
8:00 tonight in the Burton Mem-
drial Tower. The program will
include Dutch folk songs and selec-
tions by J. S. Bach, Schumann, and
Beethoven. Professor Price will give
regular bi-weekly performances at
the same hour on every Sunday and
Thursday through June 19.
Exhibitions
Exhibition: John James Clarkson-
Oils, Water Colors and Drawings. Ex-
hibition Galleries of the Rackham
School, March 28-April 26. Daily (ex-
cept Sundays) including evenings.
Auspices: Ann Arbor Art Association
and Institute of Fine Arts. University
of Michigan.
Lectures
University Lecture: Professor Ralph
E. Cleland, Chairman'of the Depart-
ment of Botany, Indiana University,
will lecture on the subject, "Chromo-
some Behavior in Relation to the
Origin of Species" (illustrated) under
the auspices of the Department, of
Botany at 4:15 p.m. on Thursday,
May 8, in the Natural Science Audi-
torium.- The public is cordially in-
vited.
The Annual Dr. William iJ. Mayo
Lectureship in Surgery will be given
Friday, April 25, at 1:30 p.m., in the
second floor amphitheater of the
University Hospital. The speaker will
be Dr. James Taggert Priestley,
Assistant Professor of Surgery at
the Mayo Clinic.
Members of the Junior and Senior
(Continued on Page 6)

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