THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, ARIL 9,1941
'HE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and'managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority lof the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the"
use for republication.rof all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise' credited in this newpaper. All
tights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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M#ember, AssociatedI Collegiate Press, 1940-41
AlV n Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Ka'rl Kessler .
Howard A. Goldman
Esther Osser .
E Managing Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager .
NIGHT EDITOR: DAVE LACHENBRUCH
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
Students Must Face
Post-War Problems.. .
W HAT OF THE FUTURE?
Is there a thinking student on this
campus, or on any campus, who has not won-
dered, in baffled amazement, what is to come
after this war?
After the last war, America promised itself
if there should be another world fight, war
aims and plans for post-war reconstruction
would have been mapped out in advance and
would swing into practice immediately upon the
conclusion of the war.
BUT WE HAVE fallen into the same pit that
trapped us the last time. No plans have been
made for the future, and indications are that,
no matter who wins this war, its cost to Ameri-
ca, in money, in trade, in jobs, in democracy, will
We're in the war now and our immediate aim
should be to prosecute this war. But that does
not mean that we should completely forget that,
after the last shell has exploded, the world will
continue to revolve on its axis-that there will
be a new generation growing up in post-War II
IT IS IMPORTANT that we, as students and
faculty of a university, do some serious think-
ing on the problems created by the war and
how they will affect us afterward. For the only
way to stimulate government action is to discuss
the problem publicly and to increase the general
public awareness of the existence of this prob-
One of the nost important problems that will
face a post-war America will be the question of
world harmony. If Britain wins it is generally
expected that the United States will take the
initiative in bringing all of the countries of the
world together in closer cooperation and union
How can this be brought about? How much of
our resources do we want to spend on this
IN THIS "WORLD HARMONY" project, tar-
iffs and trades will probably be regulated by
a council of nations. Are we willing to part with
some of our sovereignty for the sake of future
We have made short term loans to Britain
in order that she may fight this war to the best
possible advantage. How shall we collect these
leases and loans? Will American manufacturers
and farmers be willing to accept British goods in
return at the time when it is quite likely that
we will have a surplus ourselves?
I 'NION BETWEEN THE AMERICAS - Pan-
Americanism-is in style these days, and it
is generally supposed that the Americas will
have closer bonds of connection after the war.
But up to now that connection has been limited
to praise of the "South American way" in pop-
ular songs, a few movies and magazine articles.
Even recently there was a terrific struggle in the
Senate to purchase the inexpensive Argentine
beef for the U.S. Army. What form will our
"friendship" assume after the war? Or will we
drop it when South American governients cease
to be a cause of danger to us?
And then there is the domestic front. What of
WITH THIS COLUMN we solemnly promise to
re-hash no longer the Ford-CIO contro-
versy. We merely reprint a front-page editorial
from PM's March 9, 1941 issue. It best explains
"There may be a strike at any moment in the
key plants of the Ford Motor Co. Strike notices
have been 'served at the Rouge, Highland Park
and Lincoln plants in Detroit, employing more
than 90,000 workers. When Ford officials say
that talk of trouble between Ford workers and
their employers is the invention of 'outside agi-
tators,' they are not telling the truth.
"THE TRUTH IS that Henry Ford today faces
the consequences of a violent career of
law-breaking. The law is the Wagner Act.
"The Ford Motor Co. has been convicted
by the National Labor Relations Board of
breaking this law seven times.
"In the most important case-River Rouge-
the Supreme Court has upheld the NLRB by re-
fusing to review the Board's verdict as asked by
"NOW the air is full of proposals for anti-
strike legislation to prevent interruptions in
the defense program. The' futility of these
proposals is proved in the Ford case. You
Robert S Aes
WASHINGTON-Inner circle clamor for re-
placement of Secretary of L.bor Frances Per-
kins is an old story, but it's hotter now than
Actually, Roosevelt did move last year to get
a new Labor Secretary, offering the post to
Mayor LaGuardia. But he declined, insisting on
the War Department or nothing.
Now, with labor a key problem, White House
advisers are urging that the President renew
the offer to LaGuardia and, appealing to his
#patriotism, refuse to take No for an answer.
With his liberal record, long public experi-
ence, and dynamic ability, it is argued that La-
Guardia is a natural for the Labor portfolio.
Another high-calibered New Dealer proposed
as alternative choice is Solicitor General Fran-
cis Biddle. Besides being one of the ablest exe-
cutives in the Administration, the ex-Philadel-
phia judge also has had extensive labor experi-
ence as chairman of the old National Labor
There was some plain talking on the labor
situation at last Friday's Cabinet meeting, and
it was aimed squarely at Miss Perkins.
She was crticized sharply for the delay in
certifying the protracted Allis-Chalmers strike
to the National Defense Mediation Board until
rioting broke out, also the coal negotiations be-
fore they deadlocked and John L. Lewis shut
down the mines. Both the President and other
Cabinet members bluntly called Miss Perkins'
attention to the fact that the purpose of the
Board was not only to settle strikes but to
With some feeling it was. demanded of her
why the Board, set up expressly to handle "hot
potatoes", was not used in these two major
cases. The view was expressed that much of the
criticism now being showered on the President
was caused by failure to make effective use of
the Mediation Board. Roosevelt was getting the
blame for Miss Perkins' bungling.
The 324 to 1 vote by the House of Representa-
tives for a sweeping probe of defense labor prob-
lems was also thrown in Miss Perkins' face.
Miss Perkins, noted for her loquacity at Cabi-
net sessions, made a long defense of herself. She
claimed that John R. Steelman, chief of the Con-
ciliation Service, had told her he thought he could
settle the Allis-Chalmers strike, and that Lewis
had told Steelman he would not stand for turn-
ing the coal negotiations over to the Mediation
who, after working in defense industries or the
Draft Army, return to find no jobs?
How shall we rehabilitate agriculture? And
how shall we start again where we left off an
peacetime problems? What about housing?
America, especially American youth, is faced
with these problems. They are universal and
vital at any time, but after a war, especially this
war, they become fatally imperative. No matter
who wins this war these problems will weigh
heavily upon us.
THERE IS a growing feeling among our youth
-a feeling of futility-futility at our whole
cycle of war-depression-war-depression. Our
government owes one thing to youth-and that
is to indicate and initiate and legislate post-
But we, as youth, owe one thing to the gov-
ernment. We must think, although we be un-
can't win respect for the law by punishing
the victims of law-breakers.
"In the face of the crisis caused by the labor
policies of the Ford Motor Co., PM proposes:
"Let the U.S. Government institute criminal
roceedings against executives of the Ford Motor
Co., under Section 51, Title 1 of the U.S. Code.
This section reads:
'I FTWO OR MORE persons conspire to
injure, oppress, threaten, or intimidate
any citizen in the free exercise or enjoyment
of any right or privilege secured to him by
the Constitution or laws of the United
States, or because of his having so exercised
the same . . . they shall be fined not more
than $5,000 and imprisoned not more than
10 years .
"This section yividly describes the record of
the Ford Motor Co.
"HENRY FORD, Harry Bennett, chief of the
Ford police squad, and other key figures
in the Ford empire, are not casual violators of
the Wagner Act. The seven National Labor
decisions convicting the Ford Motor Co., de-
scribe law-breaking in plants that extend from
coast to coast. from Buffalo, N.Y., to Richmond,
"The Ford plants are widely separated in
space; but the technique of terror and espionage
snd anti-union discrimination varies only in de-
tails. In Dallas, union organizers were tarred
and feathered. In Dearborn, Mich., they, were
violently beaten. The parallel that runs through
all these cases is no accident. It is the product
of a conspiracy in which key Ford agents
throughout the country participate.
"r[HE DEPARTMENT of Justice invoked the
statute cited above in its prosecution of the
Harlan coal operators, who similarly and violent-
Iy resisted union organization. Ultimately the
case was settled before final judicial decision.
"We believe the urgency of the Ford situation
demands use of this law again. There is still
no real evidence that the Ford Motor Co. is'pre-
pared to stop fighting its employes unless they
surrender their rights. There is no real evi-
dence that it is seeking a decent solution of the
conflict with workers who have dared to join an
"MAYBE the launching of such a prosecution
will finally persuade Henry Ford and his
associates that they cannot live outside the law,
cry 'sabotage' when employes exercise their rights,
defy the law under which thousands of decent
employers-including the Ford competitors-are
"The Ford conspiracy against labor organiza-
tion is a major threat to the defense program of
the U.S.A. It is demoralizing thousands of
workers upon whose energies the success of our
defense program rests. It is encouraging those
voices which say that workers cannot get full
protection of the law in the defense emergency.
" TE URGE that the U.S. Government act
at once to punish the men who are re-
sponsible for this conspiracy."
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X1 imn wiW i m W i
I I,, -F ,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1941
VOL. LI. No. 137
Publication In the Daily official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
To the Members of the University
Council: There will be a meetingI
of the University Council on Monday,I
April 21, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1009
Louis A. Hopkins,
ter is D or E, not merely those who re-
ceive D or E in so-called mid-semes-
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or col-
leges ofl the University should be re-
Sported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
Courses dropped after Saturday,
April 12, will be recorded with the
grade of E except under extraordinary
circumstances. No course is consid-
ered officially dropped unless it has
'een reported in the office of the
Registrar, Room 4, University Hall.
Additional cards may be had at Seniors, College of Literature, Sci-
103 Mason Hall or 1220 Angell Hall. ence, and the Arts: Seniors may find
E. A. Waler out their scores on the Graduate
Assistant Dean Record Examination in 1208 Angell
gimeographing - Messenger Serv-
cc: Commencing Monday, April 7,j Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
By JEAN SHAPERO
Before he began his program of American
folk songs last night, John Jacob Niles carefully
explained that the melodies might sound
strange to members of his audience who had
never heard music in the modal scale. It is
well that he took the time for such an explana-
tion, because the songs he presented were un-
like any conception this reviewer, at least, had
held of folk songs.
Because of the oddness of the tones and be-
cause of the different quality of Mr. Niles' voice,
the music took on a quaintness that made the
surroundings of the Lydia Mendelssohn inappro-
priate. The program would have been more
natural against a background of rolling hills and
warm southern sunshine.
Mr. Niles' voice has two ranges-that of the
tenor usually heard and a high one, almost
soprano. It is an ideal medium for the type of
music he sings and combines with simple lyrics
to form a charming, entertaining program. The
melodies are not complicated and the words are
not great poetry, but they have a sincerity of
epression, a quality consistently preserved by
Mr. Niles' performance.
Not the least interesting feature of Mr. Niles'
program were his dulcimers, the instruments on
which he accompanies himself for most of his
songs. Belonging to the same family as the
psaltery and rabeck, the dulcimer is useful in
this type of concert, because on it can be played
the eighth-notes not found on a piano.
Opening with a series of carols about the birth
of Christ, Mr. Niles presented a group of songs
of the Appalachian mountaineers who have tra-
duced them from ballads and carols brought to
this country by the British settlers of the 17th
and 18th centuries. In their present form, the
,religious songs resemble a mixture of Negro
spiritual and tunes rendered us .by English
country airs-although they have a less marked
rhythm than does the spiritual.
Most of the songs were of elemental emotions,
fears, hopes, and dreams, usually in the same
incongruous blending of southern colloquialisms
and middle English expressions. Nowhere is
t., n-~ii srPP of th -g- re r ara, r.vP0Pd
To Students Who Have Submitted 1 he University Printing Department
Questionnaires for Selective Service: will maintain messenger service be-'
The Ann Arbor Local Draft Board is ween the campus and the Press
advised by the State Selective Service 3ailding for the convenience cf the
Headquarters to recommend that all :aculty and staff. Two trips will be1
students who have submitted ques- nade daily: 9:00 a.m. and 3.30 p.m.j
tionnaires arrange for physical exam- Pick-up of mimeograph stencils and,
ination with their local draft boards I;opy. and delivery of small packets
during the period of the spring re- X finished work will be made to any
cess. Such examination will deter- epartment office upon receipt of
mine the question of exemption be- hone message by the Printing D-
cause of physical condition. This artment. Larger packages that, can
examination does not effect anyde-t e handled by messenger will be fe-
ferment or reclassification which may livered im the ordlinary manner, by
be made at any future time. If stu- tupc
dents are not examined by their own E. E. Lofberg,
local draft boards, an unnecessary Superintendent
hardship might be placed upon the
local Ann Arbor board, and delay Freshmen, College of Literature,
and confusion may result. Fcience, and the Arts: Freshmen
Charles M. Davis,. may not drop courses without E
Adviser grade after Saturday, April 12. In
administering this rule, students
Change of Address: Students who with less than 24 hours of credit are
have moved since the beginning of considered freshmen. Exceptions
the second semester are urged to may be made in extraordinary cir-
"eport their new addresses to the cumstances, such as severe or long
Office of the Dean of Students at continued illness.
_ 1 Y ce7-4-
tificate for June, 1941 are requested
to call at the office of the School of
-ducation, 1437 UES, during the week
of April 21, between the hours of 1:30
and 4:30, to take the Teacher Oath
which is a requifement fr the cer-
Students, College 'of Engineering:
The final day for removal 'of in-
completes will be Saturday, April 12.
Petitions for extension of this time
must be on file in the Secretary's
Office on or before that date.
A. H. Lovell, Secretary
The Cleveland Alumnae Group is
offering a partial Tuition Scholar-
ship of $75.00 to undergraduate
women from that city. Application
blanks are available now at the
Alumnae Council Office in the Mich-
igan League, and should be returned
by April 12.
Men's Residence Halls: Present oc-
cupants of, the Men's Residence Halls
may secure reapplication forms for
the year 1941-42 from their House
Directors. As soon as a form is com-
pleted, it should be returned to the
(Continued on Page 7)
Office of the Dean of Students
Library Hours, April 12-19: During
the Spring Recess the General Li-
brary will be open as usual from 7:45
p.m. to 10:00 p.m. daily, with the
following exceptions: the two study
halls in the building will be open
from 10:00-12:00 a.m. and 2:00-4:00
p.m. Monday to Friday, and 10:00-
12:00 a.m. Saturday,and the Grad-
uate Reading Rooms from 9:00-12:00
a.m. and 1:00-5:00 p.m. Monday to
Friday, and 9:00-12:00 a.m. Saturday.
The hours of opening of the De-
partmental Libraries will also be
10:00-12:00 a.m. and 2:00-4:00 p.m.
Monday to Friday, and 10:00-12:00
a.m. Saturday. They will be closed
Sunday Service will be diseontinued
during this period.
Wmn. W. Bishop
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Satur-
day, April 12.
Report cards are being distributed
E. H. Walter,
School of Education Freshmen:
WJR CKLW WWJ WXYZ
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6:00 News Rollin' Ty Tyson Bud Shaver
6:15 Hedda Hopper Home Newscast; Tune The Factfinder
6:30 Inside of Sports Conga Dance Music Day In Review
6:45 Melody Marvels Time , Lowell Thomas Baseball Extra
7:00 Amos 'n Andy Happy Joe Fred Waring Easy Aces
7:15 Lanny Ross val Clare Evening Melodies Mr. Keen-Tracer
7:30 Meet Vogue ranch frolics Down The Lone
7:45 Mr. Meek Shopper Hints South Ranger
8:00 Ed. G. Robinson Melody vignettes Tony Martin Quiz
8:15 in 'Big Town' Interlude; News How Did You Meet Kids
8:30 Dr. Christian Memoirs Plantation Manhattan
8:45 News at 8:55 In Music Party At Midnight.
9:00 Fred Allen Star of Hope Eddie Yukon Challenge
9:15 Star Theatre; Tabernacle Cantor The Old Traveler
9:30 Portland Hoffa, Canadians Mr. District Spin & Win With
9:45 Goodman Orch. All Attorney Jimmy Flynn