- ?A~Z tOt'T~
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
A WAR which had as its goal the
formation of a strong international
federation-strong enough to maintain forever
the peace of the world-would indeed be a war
worth fighting. It is upon the assumption that
the present conflict has such a goal that many
liberals base their support of armed intervention
by the United States.
We are assured that with Hitler once beaten
our nation would have the power, the prestige
and the intelligence to form a world organiza-
tion of this kind and make it work. Led by men
like Prof. Frederick Schuman of Williams Col-
lege, these well-intentioned liberals have the
greatest confidence that the American people
learned their lesson from the League of Nations
fiasco. They believe that a majority of Ameri-
cans, profiting from the experiences during the
last 20 years, now realize the necessity of a strong
international federation with the power and the
will to suppress would-be recalcitrant nations.
atlaM w A rsAJO,..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
tights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
-Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTI3ING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
r iCAGO "BOSTON *1.08 ANGELES " SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Hervie Haufler .
Paul M. Chandler
Howard A. Goldman
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
S. . . Associate Editor
. . . .Women's Editor
Business Manager . .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
- Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause
NIGHT EDITOR: ALVIN DANN
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
In South America .. .
REGARDLESS OF VIGOROUS CAM-
PAIGNS for inter-American coop-
eration against Axis penetration of the Western
Hemisphere, Japan remains determined to exer-
cise economic pressure on South American coun-
tries in a last attempt to drive a wedge between
As Brazil's best cotton customer, Japan wields
an important economic influence over a nation
having a pressing cotton surplus athat cannot be
relieved by trade with the United States. Japan-
ese purchases of cotton in 1940 fell to 78,000
long tons from 125,000 long tons in 1939, and the
threat of further decrease is used as a weapon
to frighten a more amiable attitude toward Ja-
pan from the Brazilians.
THE ATTITUDE Japan objects to has three
aspects which are closely interwoven with
inter-American cooperation. The first of these
is an immigration law discriminatory against the
Japanese. The Japanese contend that the two
percent quota on 200,000 Japanese residents of
Brazil is insufficient. Some observers believe
this complaint to be largely a matter of face,
since it is doubtful if Japan could supply the
emigrants if a larger quota were granted; but
face is extremely important to the Japanese, and
under present circumstances special efforts
might well be made to supply a larger number of
Secondly, Japan is sorely vexed at the Brazil-
ian law which will ban foreign-language news-
papers 'after July 31. Portuguese will be the only
legal language for publications, and the Japanese
protest thatfew of their colonists understand
Portuguese. There may be other reasons for
THE OTHER ASPECT of anti-Japanese atti-
tude in Brazil is in certain export license
rules which prevent the transshipment of certain
materials, particularly machine tools, now re-
stricted by the United States. More than ever
Japan needs the goods which the American gov-
ernments are withholding. Since economic
pressure on the United States would have little
effect, Brazil is regarded as a possible depot for
trade in American goods.
This somewhat feeble attempt of Japan to
gain an economic foothold in America is indica-
tive of the much more efficient activity of her
Axis partner, and brings out the reality of the
economic problem that cannot be solved by po-
litical parleys and exchanges of culture among
the Americas. It will be difficult for South
American nations to ignore the comparatively
easy solutions to their economic problems offered
by the Axis if the United States can offer no
solution at all.
- Emile GeI6
Cause Delay ..
PARTY JEALOUSY continues to ham-
per the progress of Michigan's gov-
ernment. The GOP majority in the State
legislature this week sent the latest of the Ad-
ministration proposals back to the Committee
WHERE Schuman and his followers make their
mistake is in forgetting that some people
never learn. They have allowed wishful think-
ing to cloud their otherwise clear and reasoned
outlook. While their ideal and their goal are
highly commendable, their optimism is quite un-
founded. It is too bad, but it is so. For proof
we need only examine the recent actions of our
A few days ago that legislative body had an
unexcelled opportunity to show just how much
it has learned about the necessity of interna-
tional cooperation. By demonstrating that they
were at last ready for an "all-out" effort to ob-
tain Pan-American unity, the members of Con-
gress could have illustrated that they would per-
haps be willing to enter upon a program of
greater world integration following the present
war. Their dismal failure to do so is one of the
most severe blows the liberal-interventionist
cause could have received.
The immediate problem in question was whe-
ther or not the Navy should be allowed to pur-
chase Argentine canned corned beef. This has
been a sore spot with, Congressmen for years.
The majority of them have consistently refused
to admit the advisability of such a transaction.
They have done so despite the fact that beef
from the Argentine is high in quality and less
expensive than domestic brands. More important,
however, is the harm this attitude has done to
Pan-American harmony. It can hardly be said
that Argentina has looked upon us with too fa-
vorable eyes in recent years.
TOW that unity in the Western Hemisphere
has become perhaps the most important
phase in the defense of this nation, it would
seem (if the Schuman-liberals are correct in
their assumption that the United States has seen
the error of its way and has decided to follow a
policy of world cooperation) that there would be
a head-long rush to right the existing situation.
However, the House recently passed an amend-
ment to theeffect that no Argentine beef may
be purchased by the Navy. The provision was
barely defeated in the Senate by a vote of 33 to
32, with Vice-President Wallace being forced to
cast the deciding ballot. What the conference
committee will do with it is, of course, unknown.
This is, perhaps, a small incident. Yet it is
important in that it indicates a characteristic of
the American people which the liberal inter-
ventionists overlook. Americans are prone to
talk a great deal about making sacrifices to
achieve an ideal, and then when the test actually
comes to somehow or other back down.
THUS, much is said about unity and coopera-
tion in the Western Hemisphere, but when it
would perhaps entail a temporary hardship on
the domestic beef industry we all of a sudden
discover that there are some things more im-
portant than a strong, united front against possi-
ble Fascist aggression. Would events not follow
an identical course when the scale is no longer
hemispheric, but world-wide-when not only
cooperation, but federation is being asked?
A world organization with any appreciable
strength would necessarily call for many sacri-
fices on the part of every member nation. State
sovereignty would have to be surrendered. Trade
barriers could no longer be allowed. Each na-
tion would be forced to disband any semblance
of an army or navy. /
IT IS HARDLY CONCEIVABLE that the people
of the United States would be willing to ac-
quiesce to all of these commandments. A coun-
try which is unwilling, in the midst of a dire
national emergency, to sacrifice the profits of
one industry in the interests of common Parh-
American defense cannot be expected to change
over night. It cannot be counted upon to make
much greater sacrifices in the attainment of a
rather visionary ideal, no matter how desirable
that ideal may be.
It would seem, therefore, that the liberals who
are advocating active intervention for the United
States are doing so under the influence of an
illusion-an illusion born of a desire to brin
lasting peace to the world, and nurtured by the
belief that everyone desires peace as deeply as
they. Should that illusion become reality-
which is not likelyin the near future-the stand
of the interventionists would have much more
strength and appeal.
- Homer Swander
since it would have done away with the present
property ownership or parentage qualifications
for school electors. Any otherwise qualified
elector, by this bill, would have been able to
vote in school elections, except where bond
issues were involved.
Certainly all voters should be able to vote on
questions regarding education. The old argu-
ment that property taxes support the schools
WASHINGTON-To insiders, the story behind
the clattering headlines of labor strife is two
sharply divergent sets of basic conditions:
1. Determination of CIO leaders, secretly di-
rected by John L. Lewis, to use the vast defense
program to entrench the CIO in mass produc-
tion industries, and to break the unyielding
anti-union opposition of such die-hards as Henry
Ford and "Little Steel's" Bethlehem and Re-
2. The jurisdictional jealousies of warring
AFL craft unions.
N NO MAJOR DISPUTE recently delaying na-
tional defense has the real issue been hours
or wages. It has been a tangle over jurisdiction
of union recognition.
Thus Defense and Labor Department officials
have been up against- brain-busting complexities
of bitter factional hatreds, weak AFL control at
the top, leftist obstructive machinations and a
politics-motivated leadership in the CIO. And
on the other side, they have faced hard-boiled
employers, determined to make no concessions,
regardless of the cost.
N OT HELPING THE SITUATION, also has
been a certain amount of covert anti-labor
sniping by certain $1-a-year die-hards in the
Knudsen, Hillman, Stimson, Knox, Patterson,
Nelson, Stettinius, Forrestal, have had no trou-
ble working together. They have had differing
views, but they have cooperated harmoniously.
But some of the subordinate $1-a-year master-
minds have engaged in occasional under-cover
pot-shooting which hasn't helped the men at
Bieg John Lewis
Scholarly Phil Murray has the title of presi-
dent of the CIO, but real CIO ruler is the same
John L. Lewis who bossed it until last November.
MURRAY never makes a move without con-
sulting Lewis. When Roosevelt asked Mur-
ray to recommend names for the National De-
fense Mediation Board, Murray first conferred
with John L. and at his urging submitted the
names of Murray and Tom Kennedy, United
Mine Workers secretary-treasurer, who, like
Murray, is under Lewis' thumb.
Despite widespread CIO demand for their
elimination, Murray has retained Lee Press-
man, general counsel; Len De Caux, publicity
director: and other leftist Lewis henchmen in
key CIO posts,
EWIS is not a "Commy" or a fellow-traveler.
But he hates Roosevelt, is. hotly isolationist,
vigorously opposes the defense progra, and
,burns with secret political ambitions. It hap-
pens that the current Communist "party line"
is exactly identical, so Lewis is using these ag-
gressive elements in some CIO unions to suit his
Those ends are CIO domination of the mass
production industries, and a new political party
ruled by John L. Lewis.
IN THE CIO, Lewis is credited with being the
switch-snapper who gave the signal starting
the International Harvester and Bethlehem Steel
walk-outs. To him, also, is credited the planned
offensives in the shoe and aviation industries.
Close friends of John L. say that during his
recent illness their leader spent much time read-
ing military strategy. Apparently this reading
was not for pleasure.
In the American Federation of Labor, chief
difficulty arises from an exactly reverse situa-
THERE, William Green lacks both the personal
drive and authority to exercise firm-handed
control. As a result, initiation-dues racketeering
is rampant and jurisdictional rows are a plague
both to workers and to the defense program.
TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 1941
VOL. LI. No. 130
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, April 2, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
Home Loans: The University In-
vestment Office, 100 South Wing,
will be glad to consult with anyone
considering building or buying a
home or refinancing existing mort-
gages. The University has money to
loan on mortgages and is eligible to
make F.H.A. loans.
Public Health Assembly: Mr. Theo-
dore E. Werle, Executive Secretary
of the Michigan Tuberculosis Asso-
ciation, wil speak on 'The Role of
the Voluntary Health Agency in the
Modern Public Health Movement" to-
day at 4 p.m. in the Auditorium of
the W. K. Kellogg Institute. All pro-
fessional students in public health are
expected to be present, and anyone
else interested is invited.
Vocational Guidance Talk on Arch-
itecture: Dean W. I. Bennett of the
College of Architecture will speak on
the preparation and qualifications
necessary for admission to courses
in Architecture, and various aspects
of the profession, today at 4:15 p.m.
in Room 207 of the Architecture
Building. All students who expect to
enter courses in this College should
attend the meeting.
The next vocational guidance talk
will be on Graduate Studies, and will
be given by Dean C. S. Yoakum of
the Horace H. Rackham School of
Graduate Studies, on Thursday,
April 3 in the Small Ballroom of
the Michigan Union.
Men's Residence Halls: Present oc-
cupants of the Men's Residence Halls
may secure reapplication forms for
the year 1941-42 from their House
Directors. As soonbas a form is com-
pleted, it should be returned to the
House Director, and it should be in
her hands by April 25.
The Detroit Armenian Women's
Club Scholarship: Young men or wo-
men undergraduate students who are
enrolled this year, who are of Armen-
ion parentage, and whose residence
is in Detroit may apply for the schol-
arship of $100 which the Detroit
Armenian Women's Club intends to
provide for the year 1941-42. Candi-
dates must be recommended by the
institutions in which they are en-
rolled. Selection, which is made by
the donors, is on the basis of high
scholastic ability in the field of con-
centration, together with character.
Recommendations must be made be-
fore May 1, 1941. Students who be-
lieve themselves qualified and seek
recommendation by this University
should apply to Dr. Frank E. Robbins,
Assistant to the President, 1021 An-
Students Graduating June 1941
interested in applying fora cos-
bission in the U.S. Marine Corps
Reserve may secure detailed informa-
tion and a preliminary physical ex-
amination by applying to 2nd Lieut.
O. V. Bergren, USMC at the Head-
quarters, Naval R.O.T.C., North Hal]
on April 1 and 2.
Commencement Announcements foi
the Engineering School will be on sal
at the West Engineering Building o
Tuesday, April 1, and at the Eas
Engineering Building on Wednesda
and Thursday, April 2 and 3.
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences Journals and Aeronautical Re-
views for March are now availabl
in the East and West Engineerin
The following scholarship appli-
cants in the College of Literature
Science, and the Arts should appea
in 1208 Angell Hall on Wednesday,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
2) To Washington, Tidewater Vir-
ginia, and the Shenandoah National
For details inquire in the Travel
Bureau, Union Room 18, of the Inter-
national Center, where Mr. Ochs,
tour planner, will hold office hours
between 4:00 and 6:00 p.m. every
day except Sundays and Mondays.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupations has received'
notice of the following Civil Service
Examinations. Application may be
filed until further notice.
United States Civil Service
Principal Shipyard Inspector
(Hull), Salary: $3800.
Senior Shipyard Inspector (Hull),
Shipyard Inspector (Hull), Salary:
Associate Shipyard Inspector (Hull)
Assistant Shipyard Inspector
(Hull), Salary: $2600.
Junior Shipyard Inspector (Hull),
Salary : $23,000.
Shipyard Inspector (Hull, Outfit-
ting) Salary: $3200.
Principal Shipyard Inspector (Ma-
chinery), Salary: $3800.
Senior Shipyard Inspector (Ma-
chinery), Salary: $3200.
Associate Shipyard Inspector (Ma-
chinery), Salary: $2900..
Assistant Shipyard Inspector (Ma-
chinery), Salary: $2600.
Junior Shipyard Inspector (Ma-
chinery), Salary: $2300.
Senior Shipyard Inspector (Elec-
trical), Salary: $3500.
Shipyard Inspector (Electrical),
Associate ShipyardInspector (Elec-
trical), Salary : $2900.
Assistant Shipyard Inspector (Elec-
trical), Salary: $2600.
Senior Shipyard Inspector (Join-
er), Salary: $3500.
Shipyard Inspector (Joiner), Sal-
Associate Shipyard Inspector (Join-
er), Salary: $2900.
Assistant Shipyard Inspector (Join-
er), Salary: $2600.
Senior Commodity Exchange Spec-
Tuesday, April 8; outdoor season be-
gins Wednesday, April 9.
Upperclass students electing physi-
cal education classes:
Register in Office 15, Barbour
Gymnasium-Monday, April 7, 8:30
to 12:00 and 1:30 to 4:30.
Additional classes for electives will
be offtred as follows:
Elementary Tennis-Friday 3:20.
Intermediate Tennis-Friday at
Elementary Riding-Friday 3:20.
Organ Recital: Compositions by
Bach, Franck and DeLamarter will be
presented by Palmer Christian, Uni-
versity Organist, in a recital at 4:15
p.m. Wednesday, April 2, in Hill Aud-
itorium. The concert will be compli-
mentary to the general public.
Exhibit: Defense Housing, arranged
by the Central Dousing Commission,
Washington, D.C.; third floor Ex-
hibition Room, Architecture Building,
through April 9, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Exhibition: John James Clarkson-
Oils, Water Colors and Drawings. Ex-
hibition Galleries of the Rackham
School, March 28-April 26. Daily (ex-
cept - Sundays) including evenings.
Auspices: Ann Arbor Art Association
and Institute of Fine Arts, University
University Lecture: Dr. Domingo
Santa Cruz, Dean of the College of
Fine Arts of Santiago, Chile, and one
of the outstanding composers of
South America, will present a Un-
versity Lecture illustrated with re-
cordings at 8:15 p.m. on Wednesday,
April 2, in the Rackham Assembly
Hall. No admission will be charged
for the lecture, which will be open to
the general public.
University Lecture: Harry D. Tie-
mann, physicist at the Forest Pro-
ducts Laboratory, U. S. Forest Serv-
ice, Madison, Wisconsin, will give an
illustrated talk on "Significance of
Research on Wood" at 4:15 p.m.
Thursday, April 3, in the amphithe-
atre of the Rackham Building, under
the auspices of the School of For-
estry and Conservation. The public
is cordially invited.
University Lecture: William S. Cul-
bertson, former ambassador to Chile,
will lecture on "Political and Econom-
ic Aspects of Hemisphere Defense"
at 4:15 p.m. on Friday, April 4, in the
niphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing, under the auspices of the Uni-
versity Committee on Defense Issues.
The public is cordially invited.
Lecture: Professor John W. Stan-
ton of the History Department will
lecture on "The Balkan Slavs in His-
tory," sponsored by the Slavic Soci-
ety, on Wednesday, April 2, at 8:00
p.m. in the Amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building. The public is cordially
Lecture: "The Science of Laugh-
ter," by Miss Elsa Maxwell, at 8:15
j tonight in Hill Auditorium.
Junior Research Club will meet to-
night in the Amphitheatre of the
Horace H. Rackham\School of Grad-
uate Studies at 7:30.
Program: "Experimental Studies in
ialist, Salary: $4600.
Specialist, Salary: $3200.
.n ni lit Rlar-A.n
opecials, zaaar iz $u
Inspector of Miscellaneous Sup-
plies, Salary: $1800 to $2000.
Complete information on file at the
Bureau, 201 Mason Hall. Office
Hours: 9-12 and 2-4.
The Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information has also
received notice from the HOLLAND
FURNACE 'COMPANY that they
want men for their Sales Organiza-
tion Expansion Program. Complete
information on file at the Bureau,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
and 2 to 4.
Chemistry Colloquium will meet on
Wednesday, April 2, in Room 303
Chemistry Building at 4:15 p.m. Mr..
A. B. Ness will speak on "Syntheses
in the field of sex hormones." Dr.
J. C. Sheehan will speak on "Rela-
tion between chemical structure and
plant hormone activity."
Speech 127: Mr. Brandt's class will
meet aV7 p.m. tonight.
History 12: Lecture II: Midsemes-
ter, 10 a.m., today. Mr. Clark's, Mr.
Rupke's and Mr. Thorner's sections
will meet in Natural Science Audi-
torium. Mr. Stanton'sand Mr.
Brown's in 231 A.H.; Mr. Slosson's
in 2003 A.H.
.50c at h
Essential Hypertension" by P. P. Foa,
Required Physical Education for Department of Botany.
Women: Registration for required "Petrified Forests" by C. A. Arnold,
work for outdoor season: Department of Botany.
Barbour Gymnasium-Friday, Ap-
ril 4, 8:30 to 12:00 and 1:00 to 5:00 Junior Mathematical Society will
Saturday, April 5, 8:30 to 12:00. meet tonight at 8:00 in 3201 A.H.
Indoor season continues through trmntinued on Page 5)
THE TIME IS ALMOST AT HAND when the
government should begin handing out the-
atre tickets free of charge. Last night at a local
flicker palace we saw: (1) an enlistment trailer
for the U.S. Air Corps, (2) another for the
U.S. Navy, (3) same for the U.S. Artillery, (4)
same for the U.S. Infantry. The news reel lav-
ished praise on a group of inductees, and the
feature picture was built around a streamlined
army camp, replete with shapely hostesses, a
malted milk bar, and a line of snappy patter.
All of which is interesting, and even in The Daily
you don't pay to read the ads. Or do you?
PRESIDENT RUTHVEN is 59 years old today,
but he prefers no publicity. So, for the first
time in years The Daily has no picture on page
one. But sure enough he was born on April 1, 1882.
April 2, for an interview
Scholarship Committee at
Haskins, Gerry G.......
Levine, Milton ........
Levinstein, Henry ...... .
Miller, Allan C......
Morrison, Edgar.C. ....
O'Brien, John R......
Parmelee, Harry S.
Petteys, Robert M. ... .
Recknagel, Arnold H. ..
Rewoldt, Stewart H. ... .
Rosen, Samuel ........
Roth, John H- ........
Rude, Arthur M. ......
Schwartz, Muriel ......
Van Aken, John T.
Van Aken, Mark J...
Warner, Robert (M.
Weissnrving J. ......
NYJRCKLW WWJ WXYZ
760 KC - CBS 800 KC - Mutual , 950 KC - NBC Red 1270 KC - NSC Blue
6 :00 News Rollin' Ty Tyson Bud Shaver
6:15 Liberty's Story Home Newscast Rhumba Band
6:30 Inside of Sports Conga Frazier Hunt Day In Review
6:45 Musical Time Lowell Thomas Repub. Committee
7:00 Amos 'n Andy Happy Joe Fred Waring Easy Aces
7:15 Lanny Ross Gooderham Chapt'r Evening Melodies Mr. ]Keen--Trdeer
7:30 Gus Haenschen val Clare Exc'rs'n in Science Ned Jordan
7:45 Orchestra Doc Sunshine Recordings - Secret Agent
8:00 Court of Gratiot Avenue Johnny Ben Bernie
8:15 Missing Heirs Baptist Church Presents Orchestra
8:30 First Your Job Horace Heidt's Uncle Jim's
8:45 Nighter; News Interlude; News Treasure Chest Question Bee
9:00 we, Montreal Battle of Grand Central
9:15 the People Symphony the Sexes Station
9:30 Professor Orchestra Fibber McGee John B. Keniedy
9:45 Quiz Hour And Molly To be Announced