Cloudy; slightly warner.
Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication
VOL. LL No. 125 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 26, 1941 Z-323r
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Nazis Extend War
Zone Past Iceland;
Halifax Tells Aims
AFL Workers March Back To Work At Harvester Plant
Axis Pact Causes
Act Threatens Transfer
Base For U.S. Arms;
British Want 'Freedom'
Mass Arrests Follow Signing Of Treaty;
General Garibaldi Replaces Graziani;
Will Command North African Troops
(By The Associated Press)
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, March 25.-Yugoslavia signed with the Axis
today, and like a spark in a powderhouse the act set off a series of violent
explosive demonstrations in many parts of the country.
Police strove to halt the serious repercussions by making mass arrests of
hundreds of persons in provincial cities, but schoolboys, Serb peasants, Com-
munists and the reincarnated Comitaji (committee of dissenters)-stem-
Three of the most important af-
BERLIN, March 25. -(A')- Ger- fairs sponsored by the College of En-
manypushed the zone of herAt-gineering will be held during the All-
Engineering week-end, Friday and
lantic war operations westward to- Saturday.
night by decree to within three miles The week-end of festivities will get
of Greenland, including British-oc- under way at 6:15 p.m. Friday in
cupied Iceland and surrounding wat- the Union with the Engineering
ers. Council's annual student banquet.
A proclamation warned navigators Clyde Paton, chief engineer of the
against approaching eland, which I Packard Motor Company, will be the
British troops occupied last May at principal speaker.
the time of the German invasion of From 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. Saturday, 1
the Low Countries. the doors of the East and West En-
gineering Buildings, the Randall Lab-.
Now, the German proclamation oratory and the West Physics Build-
said, the British are trying to use ing will be thrown open to the gen-I
Iceland as a base against the Ger- eral public for the ninth Engineering
man counter-blockade of England. Open House.
(In New. York, shipping circles The Open House which will feature
said Britain was utilizing Iceland more than 150 exhibits, submitted
as a trans-shipment point for United by University departments, student
States cargoes being sent to sent to technical societies and various en-
England. gineering industries throughout the
(Iceland's capital, Reykjavik, is ' country, is designed to offer students
2,700 miles from New York. It is and faculty members alike informa-
250 miles from the nearest point of tion about modern developments in
Iceland to Greenland) .n ' ineri
This crowd of American Federation of Labor wor :ers, protected by squads of police and a court order,
staged this uneventful march back to work in the strike-bound McCormick Works of the International Harv-
ester Company in Chicago, marked only by heckling of rival CIO strikers. AFL leaders said that 3,000 workers
went in on the day shift. Meanwhile, in Bethlehem, Pa., today, steel workers and police waged a battle royal
with tear gas.
Police, CIO ClashAtBethlehem Steel;
iolence ReportedA tiarvesterPlant
JGP To Begin,
.Run At Leagrue
By GRACE MILLER
Classic Grecian simplicity, hilar-
iously shattered by Southern drawls,
Scotch brogues and Bronx nasals,
to say nothing of Grecian bird calls,.
have had the final flourishes put to
them, and will take a bow when
"Jumping Jupiter," 1941 Junior Girls
,Play, opens at 8:30 p.m. today, in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
This year's play is using the device
of steps with the graceful lines of
columns, to make an effective set-
ting for the action, and an intricate
set-up on which the dance routines
Draped costumes, in both soft and
blatant colors, with metallic touches
and swinging skirts, carry out the
main theme. A sudden entrance of a
plaid Scotch kilt merely adds color.
There's something of a contrast
between this 1941 production, and
the first performance which was put
on in 199)8, by half a dozen junior
women for the seniors. This play
consisted mostly of take-offs n
ming back to Turkish Empire days-
gave rising vent to their anger to-
The gray-haired Kosca ' Pecanac,
olds-time Comitaji leader and-hero of
the Salonika campaign of 2918, was
reported to have sped out of Belgrade
for southern Serbia to recruit the
sons of his World War revolutionary
comrades for a new fight against the
Young Serbs stormed the Greek
and British legations, demanding uni-
forms and transportation to the Al-
banian and African fronts to battle
against the Axis forces with which
their government has cast its lot.
Foreigners Seek To Leave
British, Polish and Greek nationals
jammedhthe legations, seeking to
leave the country. 'Railroad, offi-
cials said so much baggage already
wa I piled up at the depots that trains
for Greece would be jammed for
many days to come.
Pamphlets scattered on Belgrade
streets proclaimed: "Russia is .de-
finitely against German expansion In
the Balkans," and the newspapers
pointedly asked: "Was Russia notified
(of the Axis membership) ?"
But the protests swelled beyond
mere hope of help from the Soviets.
Late this afternoon,eaders of trade
academy students obtained a British
Union Jack and lashed it to the
Demonstration At 'Nis
wswu yv *.ws a. *..saawaaui. -.-_
British Want 'To Win
This War For Freedom'
NEW YORK, March 25.-UP)-The
principal war aim of the British peo-
ple and those fighting with them,
Lord Halifax, British Ambassador,
said tonight, "is to win this life.
and death struggle for the cause
of human firecdom."
It was the Ambassador's first pub-
lic address since arriving three
months ago to succeed the late Lord
Halifax, in his prepared address,
not only emphasized the nature of
the struggle in Europe but sketched
a post war picture in which "every
nation, great or small, will have its'
place and make its own contribution."
He touched briefly, too, on the
question: "When will Hitler invade
Britain?" a question he said he couldI
Mann's Wolverines Primed
For Season's Last Meet
Before National Finals
By WOODY BLOCK
Wildcat meat will be selling at
half-price tonight after Matt Mann's
Wolverines lead Coach Tom Robin-
son's Northwestern swimming team
to slaughter in the last dual meet of
The butcherin' is scheduled for 7:30
p.m. in the Sports Building pool.
Like the turkey before Thanksgiv-
ing-the Wildcats are doomed. And
like the ax that kills the turkey be-
fore Thanksgiving-the Wolverines
are razor-sharp and ready for action.
Great even when they're not in top
form, Michigan's tankers are primed;
as they have never been before this
year, which all adds up to a heap of
trouble for the hapless Evanston lads.1
Tonight's duel will provide Mann
with a "proving ground" test to see
what his natators can actually do in
their peak condition and as a result,
the meet should produce some red-
hot races and near-record times.
Mann indicated yesterday that his
boys are going to take off their wraps
-pull out the throttle and really go
-not to crush Robinson's squad, but
rather to test their own ability be-
fore they leave for the National Col.b
legiates Thursday afternoon.
Two Undefeated Stars
But you can't count the Wildcats1
out too quickly. They have two starsI
who have gone through the dual1
mood- m',v.n.nn , ihit a Arpnte n,-,-.
Hundreds of University graduates
are expected to visit Ann Arbor for ' yTheA ssociated Pres.)
the third affair, an Alumni Reunion, Police drove CIO strikers away
which will be held all day Saturday. from the Bethlehem Steel Company
--- - -plant at Bethlehem, Pa., last night,
1 iesfollowing acts of violence and destruc-
uneral ites tion, while the company acted to
lodge and feed employes still at work
Will Bi Hld n the plant.
The steel workers organizing com-
mittee (CIO) meanwhile arranged a
For John . (l* tentative truce mincting for today with
the Employes ,Representation Plan
I hose activities precipitated the trike,
Pulmonary Ailment Fatal but threatened a walkout at the com-!
To Hungarian Student pany's Johnstown, Pa., mills if the
ERP attempted to hold an election
In Infirmary Sunday there.
-- The Bethlehem clash marked the
Funeral services for John L. Por, first day of a walk-out at the parent
'41, who died in the Health Service plant of the Bethlehem Steel Com-
Sunday, will be held at 10:30 a.m. Ipany, called by the CIO Steel Work-
Sunday, es Organizing Committee. It oc-
tomorrow at the St. Mary's Catholic curred in mid-afternoon just before
Chapel. a new shift of workers was scheduled
Friends desiring to see him may to go on duty.
call at the Muehlig Funeral Chapel Seven policemen in two patrol cars
cal t heMuhlg unraCapl- - ----
any time this afternoon and evening. j
The Rosary will be recited at 8:30 Dfen ktrer 0 r() Ilve
were rushed by a shouting crowd of
strikers as they arrived at one of
the plant gates. In the turmoil which
followed, the officers threw tear gas
bombs, the strikers overturned the
police cars, seized the remaining
bombs and hurled them back at the
The strike was called in protest
against a collective bargaining elec-
tion by members of the Employes
Representative Plan, termed a com-
pany union by the strikers. CIO
leaders said 18,000 of the plant's 21,-
000 employes eventually would go
out. Bethlehem holds more than a
billion dollars of defense contracts at
its several plants.
The Chicago violence was reported
by Police Capt. John Steger, who said
that "goon squads" beat up a num-
ber of employes of the International
Harvester Company's McCormick
works when they sought to go to
work through picket lines.
The Harvester plant was opened
Monday to employes who desired to
return to work, whereupon leaders of
the striking CIO union issued a call
for a "mass mobilization" of CIO men
at the plant gates yesterday. AFL
workers marched into the plant in a
body Monday, but yesterday entered
singly and by twos and threes.
The plant had been closed sincet
Feb. 28. The CIO demanded wage
increases, recognition and elimination
of piece work.
Will Give Talk
Pri mitive Agriculturists
Of Southwest To Form
Subject Of Discussion
Paul S. Martin, chief curator of the
Department of Anthropology of the
Field Museuni of Natural History at
Chicago, will deliver an illustrated
University lecture on "Archaeology of
the Southwest" at 4:15 tomorrow in
the Rackham Amphitheatre, under
the auspices of the anthropology de-
Ccnducting an archaeology expe-
dition in southwestern Colorado in'
1939, Mr. Martin directed the ex-
cavation of two Basket Maker vil-
lages which will form the topic of
his talk here.
The Basket Makers, who were the
first agriculturalists of the South-
west, possessed a crude culture that
eventually influenced the great Pue-
blo society of Chaco Canyon and the
Cliff Dwellers of Mesa Verde.
Por, whose home is Budapest, Hun-
gary, died unexpectedly from pul-
monary emboli following a brief ill-
r renc 1 a I i o a.
Prof. Marc Denkinger of the ro-
ness. He was 19 years of age. Dr. Wil-mac lngge dprt ntwl
haarc wsteinmnelagae deatentwl
liam Brace was the physician in give the fourth in the series of French
charge. lectures on "The Daring Life of the
A geography major, Por had been Duke of Lauzan" at 4:15 p.m. today
in the United States for two years.
He attended Wayne Summer School
in 1939. and entered the University
in September of the same year. Por
spent one semester in the College of
Engineering and then transferred to
the Literary College. Recently he was
elected to Phi Kappa Phi, senior hon-
orary society. '
under the auspices of Le Cercle Fran-
cais in Room 103 of the Romance
Under the sponsorship of the
French language group Professor
Denkinger will describe the fascinat-
ing incidents of the adventurous life
of the French nobleman during the
reign of Louis XIV.
150 Voices In Hill Auditorium:
Complimentary Tickets Available
For 'Great Vespers' Tomorrow
Returns To Talk
At Greek Week
Alfred B. Connable, who was pres-
ident of the Interfraternity Coun-
cil 17 years ago when he was a Mich-
igan senior, and is now an official of
the Detroit Trust Company, will re-
turn to the scene of his college days
at 2 p.m. Friday when he will pre-
sent the feature address of the IFC's
He will speak on the topic, "Fra-
ternities and Their Place in the Ed-
ucational System." While at Michi-
gan Mr. Connable was the president
of Delta Kappa Epsilon, a Daily
editor, President of the StudentI
Council (Men's Judiciary Board) and
a member of Sphinx and Michigauma
honor societies. At present he is a
candidate for the University Board
Four discussion panels-Rushing,
Finance and House Management,
Fraternity-University Relation and
the Defense Problem-will begin im-
mediately after Connable's address
to the General Assembly.
Highlighting Saturday's activities
will be the address of Dean Frederick
Stecker, of Ohio State, who will speak
before 700 newly initiated fraternity
men at the formal banquet in the
Union. James Harrison, '41, president
of the IFC, will be the toastmaster.
Dean Joseph A. Bursley will present
the scholarship cup to the pledge
class with the highest scholastic av-
erage, an award which went to the
initiates of Kauna Nu last year.
eonsisat~jv m ta u nf fvs Demonstration At N
rominent seniors, and was only a There was a strong anti-Axis
ne-night affair. It was given in Sar- 1 demonstration in Nis, one of the larg-
h Caswell Angell Hall. est cities and home of Premier Drag-
It wasn't until 1923 that the first isa Cvetkovic, who signed the Axis
wo-night production began. This was pact.
iven at the Whitney Theatre.' The In Vienna, Adolf Hitler officially
i92e attw hit te.oTebrought Yugoslavia into modified
3 JGP was the first to be open membership in the German-Italian-
o the public. Before this it had been Japanese military alliance today, and
iven only for the senior women. Toe after the one-hour ceremony was
over the Germans observed pointedly
that Britain's Greek ally was thus
"Tork Halted Twice left as "the only black spot on the
In Ford Rouge Plant Yugoslavia got something that was
given none of the four other junior
DETROIT, March 15.-(MP)-Union partners-a written pledge that
fficials said today -that two stop-='troops 'would not be moved across her
hias occurred the Roue territory-but she was understood to
lant of the Ford Motor Company, (have agreed to permit the transpor-
ut reports of the number of men in- tation of war material, hospital sup-
olved in the disputes conflicted. plies and wounded soldiers through
Michael F. Widman, Jr., director 'Answer To Roosevelt'
f the CIO-United Automobile Work- Hungary, Rumania, Slovakia (a
rs' campaign to unionize Ford em- part of the old and now dismembered
loyes, said 15,000 men stopped work Czecho-Slovakia) and Bulgaria had
or about an hour yesterday and re- signed previously.
urned to their jobs when promised The induction of Yugoslavia was
urther consideration of complaints. at once pictured by official Germany
Dearborn police said only 30 men as "an answer to Churchill and
topped work and 2,000 were temp- Roosevelt;" a defeat, as German
rarily idle as a result Foreign Minister Joachim von Rib-
bentrop put it, of "English and Ameri-
can attempts to influence" the BeI-
rm: grade government.
Hitler himself did not attend the
hool 1 usicians signing, but twice during the day he
received the Yugoslav representatives,.
* Premier Iragisa Cvetkovic and Foreign
Bre For Festival Minister Alksander Cincar-Markovic.
Young Bandsmen Will Perfo
Michigan High Sc
To Convene H
A limited number of free tickets
are available to students and faculty
for the Great Vespers to be held at
8 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium,
the student committee in charge an-
Tickets to witness the unusual pro-
gram to be given by the Latvian Sing-
ers, nationally-famous litany group,
and two student choirs may be ob-
tained at the desk of the Union and
League, in dormitories, and at var-
ious local churches.
These tickets will be necessary to
the program of sacred music charac-
teristic of the Greek Orthodox church,
the committee announced,
Arranged and translated by Aus-
tris Wihtol, the music will be sung
by Latvian Singers who have partici-
pated in the film, "Rasputin" accom-
--nnr he h -_u -II cm hniq o
the auspices of Interfraternity and
Panhellenic as a program of worship.
In the Vespers the parts usually
taken by the priests and acolytes will
be carried by the Latvian Singers.
One of the student choirs will take
the role of the worshipers while the
other will sing the antiphonal chor-
The program will include Russian
litanies dating back to the 4th cen-
tury which will be given for the first
time in English. "Prayer for the Peace!
of the Soul," a new composition by
Wihtol, will also be performed for
the first time. The Vespers will open
with the singing of the Lord's Prayer
followed by the "Song of Praise" set
to the music of Vinogradov.
The student choruses will partici-
pate in the presentation of "Nearer
My God To Thee," "Ihe Hyni of the
Musicians from all parts of the
state will convene in Ann Arbor next
month for the annual High School
Music Festival, which will be present-
ed as part of the Michigan School-
masters' Club Conference on Friday
and Saturday, April 25 and 26.
Designed to promote education
through music, the Festival is spon-
sored every year by the University
in cooperation with both the Michi-
gan School Band and Orchestra As-
sociation and the Michigan School
Vocal Groups Will Perform
Among the features at the Festival
will be the performances of some 25
to 30 vocal groups from the south-
ern part of theustate who will wind
up the convention with a joint con-
the Modern Band" by Dr. Charles
O'Neill, State Normal School, Pots-
dam, N. Y.
Morgan Will Speak
Russell V. Morgan, directing sup-
ervisor of music in Cleveland, will
address a luncheon meeting Friday
on "Vocal and Instrumental Music
in Secondary Schools." Charles A.
Sink, chairman of the Festival, will
Prof. William D. Revelli of the
School of Music will conduct a re-
cital by the University Concert Band
at 7:30 p.m. Friday and Prof. Thor
Johnson will conduct the University
Symphony in Saturday's concert.
Sink Is Sponsor
Members of the committee spon-
soring the conference include Presi-
dent Sink; vice-chairmen Professor
Graziani Resigns Office
As Libyan Governor
(By The Associated Press)
ROME, March 25.-Gener 1 Italo
Gariboldi replaced Marshal Rodolfo
Graziani today as Governor of Libya
and Commander of Italy's North
African troops, who once marched
into Egypt but were driven back into
western Libya by a British counter-
Gariboldi immediately left the War
Ministry in Rome to take command
in Libya from General Mario Roatta,
who has been running the/'army for
a month in the absence of Graziani.
Roatta, a veteran of Italian cam-
paign in Ethiopia and Spain, was
'given Graziani's third job, Army
Chief of Staff.
The long.-exnectedresiation canme