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March 25, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-03-25

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All
'ights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Agn Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publisbers Representative

Member, Associated Collegiate
Editorial Staff

Press, 1940-41

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

. Managing Editor
Editorial Director
S . .. A City Editor
Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
., . . . Associate Editor
* . . Associate Editor
' .Sports Editor
. . . . .Women's Editor
Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

The editorials published is The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.

The dilemma of wire-tapping must be solved
only by going between the horns. And this is
precisely the course recommended by Attorney-
General Robert F. Jackson in his annual report
for 1940.
Realizing that the policing of telephone com-
munications is extremely important in the in-
vestigation of kidnapping and extortion crimes
by the FBI, and in connection with foreign spy
ring investigations, he advocates the intercep-
tion of communications by Federal law officers,
but in a limited sense. In order to avoid the
possibility of abuse, the cases in which wire-
tapping should be allowed must be confined to
a narrow scope, he urges. So also the purposes
for wire-tapping should be limited. Finally,
additional safeguards should be afforded the
individual, such as the requirement of authoriza-
tion in each instance by some higher authority.
T EGISLATION embodying these recommenda-
tions by the Attorney-General has already
passed the House of Representatives, in the
form of House Joint Resolution 577. It is to be
hoped that the bill becomes law-and soon.
-Robert Mantho
Organized Labor
Assumes Its Place . .
ORGANIZED LABOR is slowly but
surely nearing its proper place in the
state government of Michigan. The most recent
gains have come as a result of actions on the
part of Governor Murray D. Van Wagoner.
The new governor apparently meant -what he
said in his first message to the legislature. At
that time he promised Michigan workers a great
deal and made many progressive recommenda-
tions to the legislators in regard to existing and
proposed labor laws. He advised that the State
Mediation Act be amended; that "a wages and
hours act . . . should be made available to all
Michigan workers"; and that "the scope of the
1937 Occupational Disease Law be extended."
The governor also noticed that the benefits of
the Unemployed Compensation Act should in-
clude workers in smaller industries; and he saw
the need "for raising the present standards of
theMichigan Child Labor Law."
ORGANIZED LABOR in the state heard these
words with a great deal of satisfaction; but,
after all, they were only words. Other men had
been known to say similar things and then
forget all about them. Would Van Wagoner also
do this? Or would he follow his words with
actions? Labor waited anxiously for the first
sign which would prove what the governor
really thought.
And when the sign came the working men and
women in the state had just cause to feel that
Michigan's present leader is determined they
shall be properly represented in the administra-
tion of state affairs. For the first concrete
evidence of Van Wagoner's sincerity was the
appointments to the State Labor Commission
which he submitted to the Senate for confirma-
tion. Every one of the persons appointed is1
either endorsed by or actually represents labor.
THE MEN on the original list to be approved
were: John W. Gibson, Michigan CIO sec-
retary, for chairman; Harold E. Bledsoe, former
deputy commissioner under Murphy, and en-
dorsed by the CIO; Joseph Rubin, associate in
the law office of Maurice Sugar, who is an
{attorney for the CIO; Frederick G. Palliaer,
who belongs to the Detroit Bricklayers Union,
AFL; David M. Martin, a former state senator
who was the CIO primary candidate for lieuten-
ant governor.
This is the first time in the history of the
commission that'a governor has had the courage
to suggest it be put entirely under the control of
labor. On the outgoing Republican board, for
instance, there was but one bona fide repre-
sentative of the unions.
THE DUTIES of the Labor Commission are
highly important and are of such a nature
that the members of the commission must be
sympathetic toward labor if the original intent
of the legislature as regards them is to be car-
ried through. Some of the commission's re-
sponsibilities are to administer the workmen's
compensation law, to investigate occupational
diseases, to regular wages, hours and laboring

conditions as the state laws direct, and to collect
wage claims for the workers. In other words its
duty is to protect and care for the welfare of
the Michigan laborers. Such a duty cannot and
will not be darried out by persons who do not
understand and sympathize with labor.
Governor Van Wagoner has, therefore, chosen
commissioners who are close to the labor move-
ment and who realize what are the needs of the
working men and women in the state. Labor
may rest assured that it has a true friend in the
governor's mansion at Lansing. He deserves a
great deal of credit for his actions.
It is to be hoped that he will not allow the
uncooperative spirit of certain senators deter
him from his determination to give labor the
place it deserves in Michigan.
- Homer Swander

The Reply Churishf
FOUND on Saturday morning that the presi-
dent had beaten me to it, and haven't been
gladder about anything this year. To have the
head of the University speaking on behalf of
the students eligible for the di'aft means some-
thing very important, namely that there are
still men in a position to be objective, who are
able to see our side of the affair, and what is
more, do something about it. Felt a little
ashamed of my own emotional approach to the
subject, in the light of President Ruthven's clear
reasoning and calm logic, but in the midst of
the shame there is also a brand-new sense of
security, arising out of hearing sane words from
the mouth of a respected man in a time when I
was beginning to think all the prominent men of
the country were personally anxious to see n
and my likenesses doing squads right and shoul-
der arms at some training camp.
There have been times when I felt that per-
haps the president and I were on opposite sides
of the fence. These were chiefly times when I
doubted that he had the real interests of the
students at heart. Now I am not so sure al
apology is not in order, for by this piece of per-
sonal bravery, by saying something that had to
be said, yet that was bound to bring down jingo-
istic calumny on the head of whoever said it,
President Ruthven has shown that he does act
on his convictions, and that these convictions
are based on what he thinks to be best for us.
And to the president personally, may I say
that the majority of several hundred thousand
students in this country will remember him and
honor him for that speech, and add him to the
scanty list of men who have been able to see
farther ahead than the bands and the trans-
ports in times when myopia ran rampant among
the prominent and uninvolved citizenry of the
nation. On behalf of'myself and the rest of u
who see so much of what we have worked for
during the pre-draft years slipping away due to
forces above our control, thank you, President
:p M. n
FROM OBERLIN, OHIO, received a letter call-
ing my attention to an article in George
Seldes' small newspaper, "In Fact." Incidentally,
"In Fact" is a little-known publication, difficult
to obtain, and crammed with facts concerning
the hidden or camouflaged stories of national
events. It has never, to my knowledge, been
sued for libel, which is an interesting commen-
tary. But as I say, a difficult newspaper to ob-
tain. Here is the letter:
"Thought you might be interested to know
that the latest issue of 'In Fact' (George
Seldes' publication) contains what looks like
positive proof that F.D.R. doesn't intend to
limit aid to Britain in sending guns, planes,
tanks, etc. Following is the quotation from
'In Fact' - draw your own conclusions.
' 'Radio news broadcasts the evening of
March 5 announced that President Grace
making his annual report to Bethlehem
Steel said its repair yards are now "convert-
ing passenger liners into troop transports"
for the U.S. government.
This further proof that it is planned to
ship American troops abroad was omitted
in many newspapers. The N. Y. Times
March c ran 1,000 words on Grace's report,
but did not mention the troopships."
And I get seasick so easily too.

And Wire-Tapping .

0 0

A S FAR as the Department of Justice
is concerned, the interception of
communications dilemma is just one big head-
Wire-tapping constitutes a neat problem of
adjustment between the rights of individuals
on the one hand and the interests of society on
the other. Unrestrained wire-tapping, even by
law-enforcement officers, could not be tolerated
in a democratic government such as we enjoy.
Not only would uncontrolled eaves-dropping via
the wires be liable to serious abuse, but it would
be an unwarranted intrusion into the right of
privacy. On the other hand, to prevent law-
enforcement officers from intercepting mes-
sages no matter the circumstance, is to defeat
the purpose of good government; for so to bind
the hands of the law would be the same as flash-
ing the green light to spies and criminals, guar-
anteeing to them safe use of the wire channels.
It all began back in June, 1934, when Con-
gress passed the Communications Act. Section
605 of this act provided that "no person not
being authorized by the sender shall intercept
any communication and divulge or publish the
existence, contents, substance, purport, effect,
or meaning of such intercepted communication
to any person."
OBVIOUSLY, Congress enacted this measure
with an intent to prevent unauthorized per-
sons from intercepting telephone communica-
tions and to punish telephone operators who may,
disclose the contents of a message which goes
through their hands. But the statute is couched
in broad language, able to be interpreted in many
ways; and herein lies its weakness.
In the case of Nardone v. United States (De-
cember, 1937) the Supreme Court held that
evidence obtained by Treasury agents against
the defendant through the tapping of telephone
wires constituted a violation of Section 605 of
the Communications Act. Thus we have for the
first time an instance whereby an act which was
designed to safeguard society is turned around
to defeat the ends of justice, because legal wire-
tapping by officers of the law represents a viola-
tion of the right of an individual to privacy, as
ruled by the Supreme Court. The Nardone case
was limited to interstate telephone conversation.
But it established the necessary precedent-and
more was to come.
TWO YEARS LATER, in the case of Weiss v.
United States, the decision was extended t.
include intrastate communications. In June,
1940, the Circuit Court of Appeals carried the
principle one step further and applied it to a
situation in which one of the parties to a tele-
phone conversation mechanically recorded what
passed- over the wires without the consent or
knowledge of the other party. This was the
case of United States v. Polakoff and marked the
farthest point of deviation from the original
intent of Section 605 of the Communications Act.
Up to 1937, interception of telephone conver-
sations in the investigation of crime was con-
sidered by law-enforcement officers a legitimate
method of sleuthing which differed no more in
principles than any other form of eaves-dropping
commonly employed to prevent crime. Many
serious crimes were solved in this manner by

L Pern~
Rc&ert SAfles
WASHINGTON-That closed-door
caucus of House Republicans which
preceded passage of the $7,000,000,-
000 lend-lease appropriation devel-
oped into the hottest debate since
Representative Joe Martin has been
party floor leader.
FEELING ran so high that at one
time two Midwestern isolation-
ists, enraged by the pro-aid-Britain
attitude of Republican leaders, loud-
ly disavowed their party and asserted
they would vote for Socialist Norman
Thomas if an election were held to-
The two were Representatives Har-
old Knutson of Minnesota and Wil
liam P. Lambertson of Kansas, both
violent opponents of the lend-lease
bill. They erupted when Representa-
tive John Taber of New York, rank-
ing GOP member of the Appropria-
tions Committee, and a leading econ-
omy advocate, came out flatly for
the $7,000,000,000 appropriation.
1 XPLAINING his position, Taber
contended that the lend-lease
program was the "best insurance
possible" against the United States
getting into the war.
"We need every cent of this seven
billion dollars," Taber declared, "to
produce the airplanes, tanks, guns
and ammunition Britain needs to de-
fend itself and the United States
against the encroaching forces of to-
BUT KNUTSON of Minnesota in-
Btei'rupted him. "I'm surprised at
the stand you of all people are tak-
ing," he roared. "In the past you have
always been a Treasury watchdog.
I What prompted you to change your
"I'm not reversing myself," hurled
back Taber. "This appropriation is
vital to the defense of the United
States and I'm for defending the'
United States up to the hilt. The die
has been cast. It is the duty of Re-
publicans and Democrats to give
their united support to this program."
"I can't agree with you," shouted
Knutson. "The Republican Party is
committing suicide. It has become
a 'me too' party. If I had an oppor-
tunity to recast my vote in the last
election, I would vote for Norman
Kansan Gives Support
Lambertson echoed Knutson, add-
ing that he, too, would vote for the
Socialist candidate if he had it to
do over again. But only a handful
of die-hard isolationists applauded
the two dissenters. The great major-
ity of Republicans, including Martin
backed up Taber.
MUARTIN jumped to his feet after
Knutson's charge that the GO
was a "me, too," party and challenge
him to look at the record.
"The gentleman cannot prove wha
he says," snapped Martin, usuallya
soft-spoken diplomat. "We have op
posed many things sponsored by th
Administration and will continue t
do so in the future. But this is,. no
a party matter. This is a nationa
issue. That is why I asked for na
tional unity after the lend-lease bi
passed, and I urge it just as strongl

Note-Next day in the Appropria
tions Committee, Lambertson pro
posed slashing the lend-lease bill t
five billion, whereupon Representa
tive Jack Houston, a Democrat an
fellow-Kansan, moved that thesu
be raised to ten billion. "I'm doi
this," he said, looking Lambertson
the eye, "to demonstrate to the con
mittee that my colleogue does n
speak for Kansas in opposing aid t
L Britain." When Lambertson's amend
ment was smothered 27 to 3, Housto
grinned, withdrew his amendment.
Pan American Airways
The most scathing castigation c
an air-mail contract since the day i
1934 when Jim Farley canceled a
of, them, was delivered against Pa.
American Airways last week by coup
sel for the Civil Aeronautics Boar(
SAM GATES of the CAB not, on
urged that the present mail sut
sidies be canceled, but demanded th:
Pan American be made to refund tt
amounts paid it by the Governmel
during the past three years.
"The rates of compensation no
being received by Pan American Ai:
s ways, Inc.," Gates proclaimed, "a:
excessive and are neither fair n(
,He made this statement after r(
turning from a complete tour of Lai
in America, flying over most of ti
Pan American Airways routes, whet
he found that Pan Am did not ha:
a single hard-surfaced runway n(
I radio range station in Brazil.


(Continued from Page 2)
Chief Curator of the Department of
Anthropology of the Field Museum
of Natural History, Chicago, will lec-
ture on the subject, "Archeology of
the Southwest" (illus.) under the
auspices of the Department of An-
thropology on Thursday, March 27,
at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. The public is cordially in-
French Lecture: Professor Marc
Denkinger will give the fourth lecture
on the Cercle Francais program; "La
vie audacieuse du Duc. de Lauzan sous
Louis XIV," on Wednesday, March
26, at 4:15 p.m., room 103, Romance
Language Building.
Tickets may be procured at the
Lecture: "Techniques for Securing
a Position," to be given by Mrs. Roxie
A. Firth, Assistant to the Director in
Teacher Placement, University Bu-
reau of Appointments and Occupa-
tional Information, at the Michigan
League tonight at 7:30. Sponsored
by Pi Lambda Theta, and open to
the public.
Events Today
The Romance Languages Journal
Club will meet this afternoon at 4:15
in the West Conference Room of
the Rackham Bldg. Mr. James C.
O'Neill will read a paper entitled
"Albert Thibaudet; the Relationship
of Philosophy to Literary Criticism."
Dr. Francis W. Gravit will describe
the contents of an eighteenth cen-
tury periodical. An especially cordial
invitation is a extended to graduate
students and to interested members
of other departments.
Botanical Journal Club will meet
tonight at 7:30 in Room NS. 1139.
Reports by George Culp: "Papers on
the influence of structure upon the
rate of transpiration."
Solon Gordon: "Papers on the
breaking of dormancy in certain
Byron Janes : "Papers on photo-
synthesis in water plants, as -in-
fluenced by depth and turbidity of
the water."
Robert Muir: "Studies on photo-
synthesis with the aid of the long
life carbon isotype."
All students attending for credit
are asked to remain after the meet-
ing adjourns.
La Sociedad Hispanica will hold a
meeting in the Michigan League to-
night at 7:30.
There will be a short program of
entertainment followed by conversa-
tion groups.
Music Seminar: Mr. Leonard S
Gregory will discuss the religiou
music of Haydn and Mozart at Lan
Hall today at 4:15 p.m.
Varsity Glee Club: Make-up re
r hearsal this afternoon, 4:00-5:00
Full rehearsal tonight at 8:00. Al
dmen are expected to attend. Con
cert committee chairmen will hav
reports prepared. The last call fo
a second semester eligibility cards wil
a be made tonight.
o Sigma Rho Tau will meet tonigh
t at 7:30 in the Union. Plans will b
l discussed pertaining to the Engineer
ing Open House and the forthcomin
1 national convention. All membe
yare requested to be present.ThoE
ywho volunteered for guide and i
formation booth duty should atten
- this session.
I- _____________
o Harris Hall: A tea will be held th
d afternoon from 4:00 to 5:30. Episc
d pal Students and their friends a
g cordially invited.

Great Vespers: Professor Palm
o Clristian will meet those who aret
o sing in the "'Great Vespers," planne
- for March 27, at Hill Auditoriun
no today at 4:15 p.m.
It is necessary that all person.

named by the fraternities and sorori-
ties be present at this meeting.
Frosh Project Decoration Com-
mittee will meet today at 5:15 p.m. in
the League. Room number will be on
bulletin board. All interested should
The Polonia Society will hold a
meeting at the Union at 7:30 tonight.
Members are urged to be present as
well as other Polish students inter-
Graduate Students and others in-
terested are invited to listen to a
program of recorded music in the
Men's Lounge of the Rackham Bldg.
tonight at 8:00. "Tschaikowsky's
Third Symphony" will be played.
Oriental Religious Seminar: 'Hin-
duism, its Current Beliefs and Prac-
tices", will be discussed by Mrs.
7rancesca Thivy at Lane Hall to-
aight at'7:30.
All those interested in boarding
'his semester, at one of the student
°o-operative houses should apply at
7:30 tonight at Room 306 of the
The Personnel Committee of the
inter-Cooperative Cohncil will meet
it 7:00 tonight in Room 306 of the
Lenten Organ Music today at 4:15
>.m. in the First Presbyterian Church
y the church organist, William N.



The Ann Arbor Library Club will
fneet tonight at 7:45 in Charles Mc-
Kenny Hall, Ypsilanti. Miss Ruth
.. Barnes, author of "I Hear Ameri-
;a Singing" will be the speaker.
Christian Science Organization will
neet tonight at 8:15 in the Chapel
>f the Michigan League.
The Faculty Women's Club: The
?layreading Section will meet this
afternoon at 2:15 in the Mary B.
Hienderson room of the Michigan
Michigan Dames will meet tonight
it 8:00 in 'the Women's Lounge of
;he Rackham Building. Drama
Group will be in charge of the meet-
ng. Prof. R. D. T. Hollister will read
a play.
inn Arbor Independents: The skat-
ng party planned for today is post-
>oned until Monday, March 31. All
nembers urged to come. Meet at
she League at 7:00 p.m.
Coming Events
Graduate Speech Students: The
Graduate Study Club of the Speech
Department will meet Wednesday,
March 26, at 4:00 p.m., in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. Papers to be presented
are: "Prolegomena to Argumenta-
tion," by Paul Beall; "Some Elemen-
tary Contributions of Aesthetics to
interpretative Speech," by Hugh
Norton; "The More Serious Types of
Speech Handicaps with Presentation
of a Case," by Courtney Osborn;
"Practical Problems in Research in
Rhetorical Theory and Criticism,"
by Glen Mills.
AI.Ch.E.-A.I.M.E.: A joint meeting
will be held on Thursday, March 27,
at 7:30 p.m. in room 1042 E. Engr.
Bldg. Dr. C. C. Dewitt, Chairman
of the Department of Chemical and
Metallurgical Engineering at Michi-
gan State College, will speak on "The
Separation of Materials." Refresh-
ments. All engineers are welcome.
Varsity Glee Club: Please be pres-
ent at 12:50 p.m. on Wednesday,
r March 26, at the University High
o School Auditorium.
Harris Hall: Holy Communion will
be celebrated Wednesday morning at
is (Continued on Page 6)

A Reader"
So long until soon.

You and me both, brother,.



City Editor's

I '

on the University of

was an honor student
Michigan campus last

semester. Since then he has gone to Miami,
sailed away in a stolen yacht, and run afoul of
the law.
Blond-haired Jimmy can blame his Phi
Kappa Psi fraternity pin for some of the
trouble; that's how the police caught him.
Here's the story of this collegiate Jim Hawk-
ins, who is also the son of a Champion Spark
Plug executive:
LNE MOONLIGHT NIGHT Funk took a yacht
belonging to somebody else from its moor-
ings and headed on the high seas for adventure.
About 70 miles southward the yacht was found
abandoned, and detectives began their quest
and finally. the Michigan man was caught
Jimmy told the cops he anchored the boat when
it ran out of gas, fashioned a raft from seat
cushions and swam ashore.
The detectives said Funk made the mistake
of leaving his fraternity pin on a shirt he aban-
doned. His name was on the back of the jewel-
ry. The lad said he had left the Universityto
answer the call of the sea. He admitted hi
methods were wrong.
And in that latter statement he spoke a
large truth. It seems his father had al-
ready agreed to buy him a boat, but the
youth "couldn't wait."
H-arry James is demonstrating the internationa


After hearing one song from "Lady In The
Dark," this listener is firmly convinced that the
long lines in front of the New York show's box-
office know exactly what they're doing. The one
song is "Jenny," a music-hall saga in six parts
of a wilful woman who makes up her mind con-
tinually and shouldn't. The Ira Gershwin-Kurt
Weill version of the six ages of one woman is
not so universally reminiscent as Shakespeare's
treatment of the seven ages of every man, but
here its very unconventionality is its delicious-
n-c Prnplvth+na needs mthe suggetionn

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Tuesday Evening
6:00 News Ty Tyson Rollin' Bud Shaver
6:15 Liberty's Story Newscast Home Rhumba Band
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7:15 Lanny Ross Evening Melodies Val Clare Mr. Keen-Tracer
7:30 Gus Haenschen Exc'rs'n in Science Musicale Ned Jordan
7:45 Orchestra Dick Himber Orch, Doc Sunshine - Secret Agent
8:00 Court of Johnny Gratiot Avenue Ben Bernie
8:15 Missing Heirs Presents Baptist Church Orchestra
8:30 First Horace Heidt's Your Job Uncle Jim's
8:45 Nighter; News Treasure Chest Interlude; News Question Bee
9:00 We, Battle of Montreal Grand Central
9:15 the People the Sexes Symphony Station
9:30 Professor Fibber McGee Orchestra John B. Kennedy
9:45 Quiz And Molly Hour To be Announced
10:00 Glenn Miller Bob Hope's National News Wythe Williams
10:15 Second Program Dinner of News, Unemploym't

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