Partly clo-ddy; no decided
change in, temnperature,
Fifty Years Of Continuous Publication
And Personal Ambition.. .
VOL. LI. No. 121
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 21, 1941
PRICE FIVE CENTS
To Return To House;
Navy Will Construct
Changes In Lend
WASHINGTON, March 20.-(P)-
A $3,446,990,644 Naval appropriation,
the largest in United States peace-
time history, was passed by the Sen-
ate today, while on the-House side
of the Capitol informed legislators
reported the Navy was planning to'
build five 60,000 to 65,00-ton bat-
tleships, biggest warcraft ever to sail
The Naval bill, carrying funds to
operate the Navy setablishment in
the next fiscal year and to proceed
with the building of the two-ocean
navy, now goes back to the House
for action on Senate amendments.
Included in the measure are: $1,-
515,000,000 for new ships, including
six battle cruisers of 20,000 to 25,000
tons, and $350,372,000 for airplanes.
Before the bill passed, legislators
who have fought U.S. purchases of
Latin-American canned beef won a
victory. As the bill passed the House
it contained a provision prohibiting
the use of any of the funds to buy
foreign foodstuffs except those which
cannot be procured domestically "in
sufficient quantities as and when
needed." Such a provision has been
in effect several years.
The Senate Appropriations Com-
mittee recommended the provision
be deleted but, on a 32 to 32 tie vote,
the Senate failed to uphold this rec-
ommendation, and the clause re-
mained in the bill.
A Senate-House conference report
on two bills authorizing a $345,000,000
naval public works program was ap-
proved by the Senate, an the meas-
ures dispatched to the White House.
The Senate Banking Committee
approved a bill authorizing the Gov-
ernment to insure mortgages on
$100,000,000 of housing for defense
Changes In Lend Bill
WASHINGTON, March 20.-()-
Ready for rapid action on the $7,-
000,000,000 appropriation for financ-
ing lease-lend help to England, a
Senate Appropriations Subcormittee
today heard a series of ranking Ad-
ministration officials oppose any
changes which would split the big
sum involved into cash appropria-
tions and authorizations for the
President to enter into contracts for
turning them over to the British.
Prominent campus personalities
will be especially featured in the
March issue of Gargoyle, which goes
on sale today.
Diminutive Mike Sofiak, high scor-
er and high fouler of the Michigan
basketball, will be highlighted in
Preposterous Persons. Sidelights on
the career of the cage star will be
revealed in the feature.
These Are The People will turn
the spotlight on Thor Johnson, di-
rector of the University Symphony
and popular professor of music,
whose activities in diverse fields are
too little known to the campus.
And of course this March issue will
see the announcement of who is the
A-1 date on this campus, according
to a poll of isorority, dormitory and
league house girls. It takes looks, in-
telligence -- and other intangible
qualities - to make up that "perfect
date." Objective opinions have con-
curred with the judges' opinions, and
the features on the canmnus' most at..
Stowe Urges U.S. Aid
To Britain At Any Cost,
Famed Correspondent Tells Experiences
Covering Finnish, Greek War Fronts
By BERNARD DOBER
The cheapest and safest thing we
can do to keep freedom and the rest
of the things we want in this coun-
try is to "keep England free at any
cost" by supplying her with the nec-
essary tools as soon as possible, Le-
land Stowe, famed war correspondent,
said in an Oratorical Association lec-
ture last night in Hill Auditorium.
Stowe, who has just returned from
twelve months in Europe covering the
wars in Finland, the Central Euro-
pean States and the Balkans em.
phasized the fact the Americans can't
expect to have freedom in a "revo-
lutionary-swept wold without risk-
ing more than money or by sitting on
If Britain Falls
If England goes down, Stowe de-
clared, the Nazis will take over the
rest of the world; and in "five years,
or perhaps three, we will have a Nazi
government in Washington" brought
about by agents on the inside.
Should England be defeated by
Germany, all the guns, tanks and air-
planes American manufacturers can
conceivably produce laid side by side
along the Atlantic coast could pos-
sibly keep out the Nazis.
"The only people with whom I
want to live in this revolutionary-
Of Frosh Law
Awards To Be Presented
At Annual May Banquet;
Five Groups Honored
Winners In the five trials of the
1941 Freshman Case C1ub competi-
tion begun last week were announced
yesterday by the contest judges, se-
lected from the editorial board of
the Michigan Law Review.
Winners of the Kent Club trial
were R. Arnold Kramer and John T.
Ryan. Hamilton T. Hoyt and Jack
Con will be presented awards for
winning the Holmes Club trial, and
Forrest A. Hainline, Jr., and Neil
McKay -for the Marshall Club trial.
Joseph R. Brookshire and Samuel D.
Estep placed first in the Story Club
trial, and George T. Shilling and
William R. Newcomb took the finals
of the Cooley Club trial.
Runners-up in the trial competi-
tions were announced as follows:
Kent Club. Emerson W. Smith and
James M. Sullivan; Holmes Club,
Jack D. Redwine and Rodman N.
Myers; Marshall Club, Roland F.
Rhead and Joseph Hession; Story
Club, Samuel R. Searing and Leslie
W. Lum; and the Cooley Club, Char-
les A. Dean and Owen P. Lillie.
Judges' for the Case Club compe-
tition were Robert Kneeland, Char-
les Johnson, Kenneth Lau and Philip
Buchen of the Law Review.
Presentation of awards will be
made to winners and runners-up at
the annual Case Club banquet ear-
ly in May.
Alumni To Hear
President To Give Annual
Address In New York,
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will deliever his annual address be-
fore the University of Michigan Club
of New York this evening at the
The New York address is one of the
most important of the President's
Accompanying the President in
New York are T. Hawley Tapping,
secretary of the Michigan, Alumni
Association, Dean Ivan C. Crawford
of the Collegeof Engineering, Regent
J. Joseph Herbert, Regent Harry G.
Kipke, and Professor A. E. White of
the College of Engineering.
Student Senate Election
i Dnt LS et At Meetiny
torn world, are those who believe that
freedom is-the breath of life, and
death just an episode. What's worth
dying for, are things that are worth
"You can't buy freedom across theI
bargain counter," Stowe stated. Bri-
tain and her allies can win the war,
if wesupply the necessary tools at
any risk. And, "we are going to risk
war; that's inevitable."
All through his lecture Stowe di-
verged with interesting bits about
some of -the things he and the other
American correspondents with whom
he was working had to go through to
get their stories.
While he was in the Balkans, in
Rumania, he had time to watch the
intrigue and skillful methods by
which the Nazis managed to slink
into important offices. It wasn't only
in the Balkans that the Nazis used
this method, Stowe pointed out, it
was the same thing in all the other
In Rumania, he cited the instance
where two important Nazis-one a
brother to Goering and the other,
Guido Smith, who sold Schussnig of
Austria down the river-had gained
positions on the Board of Directors
of Rumania's leading steel corpora-
tion fully three months before a
Nazi soldier had set foot in that
Greeks Have Fun
"No one gets as much fun out a!
war as the Greeks," the correspon-
dent brought out, "for they sing and
joke and constantly make fun of!
Mussolini. The Italian artillery neverI
changes its range, and never had it!
right the first time," he laughed as
he told about the day he was caught
between the artillery fire of the
The courage of the Finns will never
be forgotten, he related. After peace
was declared and the flags were fly-!
ing at half-mast, Stowe heard the
people say, "If only the air alarms
would sound again; how wonderful
that would be."
Alpha Phi Omega Calls
The Project A Success I
Designating the final day of their
volutary civil fingerprinting program
on campus as Fraternity and Sorori-
ty Day, Alpha Phi Omega, national
service fraternity, will bring their
In Far East
Pacific 'Good Will' Tour
Coincides With Berlin,
Matsu oka tCon ference
By J. C. STARK
WASHINGTON, March 20.-()-
United States naval movements in
Australian and New Zealand waters
appeared tonight to be designed as a!
caution signal to Japan in connection'
with forthcoming Axis talks in Ber-
Official emphasis was placed on the
"good will" character of the fleet vis-
its to Sydney and Auckland but the
unusual presence of 13 Americah
warships in the South Pacific co-
incided significantly with the journ-
ey of Yosuke Matsuoka, Japanese
foreign minister, to Germany.
His trip by way of Moscow has been
accompanied by, Axis press state-
ments that it would produce a force-
ful answer to the passage of the
Lease-Lend Bill and President Roose-
velt's declaration of all-out aid for
Great Britain and other nations re-
sisting the Axis.
Informed diplomatic observers here
noted, however, that Japanese fan-
fare over the results to be achieved
by Matsuoka's trip has been less ex-
travagant than that emanating from
Berlin and Rome.
From this the conclusion was drawn
in some quarters that Japan saw less
to gain from the meeting than did
Germany and Italy.
By this reasoning, it was believed
Germany hoped to get commitments
from Matsuoka to create a "diversion"
in the Pacific that would force the
United States to curtail aid to Bri-
tain, but that Japan was unable to!
see how Germany could provide any
assistance in the event of a clash
in the Far East.
Whatever Anglo-American plans
might be for such an emergency,
President Roosevelt has declared that
involvement of the United States in
a war in the Pacific would not affect
aid to Britain.
To Sign Pact
Ii Duce 'sTro
Fascist Albanian Collapse, Student L
British Troop Landing,
May Spur Nazi Drive Survey I
Mussolini's Cousin Are Corn
Is Taken Prisoner
Plans for an exhaus
(By The Associated Press) student working cond
BELGRADE, March 20.-Tidings Arbor were completed
of a grave Italian rout in Albania meetg of campus gr
. This survey was ins
gave rise tonight to informed pre- Student Senate's com
dictions that Adolf Hitler might dent Rights and it ha
strike at Greece at any moment nov tion of the Union, the
and thus set off the Balkan War he Daily, the Inter-coop
had hoped to avert, cil, Congress, Pan-Hel
tion, Assembly, the M
German diplomatists, themselves, Alpha Phi Omega and
said reports of big British troop land- Rho. Robert Krause
ings in Salonika, if true, might also chaiRa f the se
spur Germany to swift action. Krause stressed that
Fleeing Italian and Albanian sol- employers or employe
diers brought stories out of the war publicized.
zone today that the Fascist Divisions He explained that t
are fast disintegrating after the fail- the survey wll be to
ure of the March offensive which facts and then on the
Benito Mussolini is reputed to have facts decide what act
directed on the ground; that some taken.
units were in wild and headlong flight Rates and working
toward the Adriatic coast. beanzd withingeac
"There is little discipline left," they group. Compete result
added. to be available at a
British bombers were declared tO the representatives of
have terrifically pounded Tepelini, groups in two weeks.
Fascist stronghold, only yesterday.g
ATHENS, March 21.-GYP)-Capture Debate Te
of a cousin of Premier Mussolini and
repulse of two strong Italian attacks A
supported by tanks were reported
early today by the official govern-
ment spokesman. Alliance
"Among the many Italian officers
captured during the recent operations
was a cousin of Premier Mussolini, Janet Grace,Will
Lieut. Col. Tuveri Ciglio, command- C te Wit
ing officer of the 53rd Battalion of Moree
the 26th Legion of Blackshirts," the More Debates
_____________A University team
Janet Grace, '42, and W
Br Ebe Charges '41, substituting for Jes
will meet an Albion te
ques'tion debate at Alb
Leave Detroit They will debate th
"Resolved: That the n
Western Hemisphere A
With Problem permanent alliance."
The Varsity Men's t
DETROIT, March 20.-(IPl)-City of William Halliday, '4
officials were confronted today with Ms-ikin'42 illhee
the problem of what to do with the question o hemispher
8,300,000 Herman Gardens low-cost p. ll itoorrow in Ro
housing project whose tangled af- University.
fairs have led to indictment of two June ,de Cordova, '
councilmen on charges of bribery. beth Wyatt, Grad., will
The project, one of the largest of a roundtable on Pan-
its kind in the country, had barely tions at the Charlotte
started when accusations that bribes at Charlotte, today.
had been paid "politicians" inter- Arthur Biggins, '41, a
rupted wrk and launched a grand der, '41, will compr
jury investigation. which will oppose the
Mayor Edward J. Jeffries said he Detroit and Wayne U
favored "throwing out" the contract Monday in Detroit.
because it had been "obtained by The debate program
fraud" and starting all over again. ester are under the
More than a half-million dollars Arthur Secord andF
has been spent thus far by the city G. Hance, both of the
on the project and of this amount ment.
approximately 118,000 represents ma-
terials stored on the property and
now under police surveillance. W restlers+
Some solution to the problem may
merege tomorrow from a hearing For Tilt'
before Circuit Judge Harry B. Kei-
dan on a civil suit filed by Maurice
L. Bein, Chicago contractor and un- Oklahoma Heav
successful bidder for the contract.
Bein, who first leveled the charges For National
of bribery, has sought to enjoin con- (Special to The
tinuance of the project. BETHLEHEM, Pa.,
Wrestling Coach Cliff
Raymond Gauthier of his grapplers, JimC
Courtright, made reac
Is Chosen President for the preminary bo
tional Intercollegiate V<
Of Ordnance Group nament which gets
the Lehigh gym to
New officers of the campus section noon.
of the Army Ordnance Association field in history, Oka
elected at a meeting last night are is ruled a heavy fav
Raymond H. Gauthier, '42E, presi- fifth straight champ
dent; Douglas H. Knight, '42E, vice- f4thsaghtouramp
president; Verne C. Kennedy Jr., 14th annual tourname
'42E, corresponding secretary, and undefeated since the st
season, ,while boasting
Lawrence A. Shipman, '42E, record- fending champion, ta
ing secretary. over a field of more
Speaker of the evening was Prof. trants representing a
Alan S. Foust of the chemical en- schools.
gineering department, who addressed m~ ,. a
Yugoslav Council Agrees
tive survey of
itions in Ann
yesterday at a
tigated by the
mittee on Stu-
s the coopera-
e League, The
is acting as
the names of
s will not be
he purpose of
basis of these
ion should be
s are expected
meeting of all
am in a cross-
nations of the
hould form a
3, and Chester
ate the same
e defense at 4
m 1025 Angell
41, and Eliza-
nd Joe Schroe
ise the team
s for the sem-
'een and two
Galles and Bill
ly here tonight
uts of the Na-
under way at
homa A. & M.
rite to win its
ionship in the
nt. The Aggies,
tart of the 1938
g only one de-
ke top ranking
than 150 en-
Resignation Of Pro-British
Cabinet Members Likely;
Fear Peasant Outbursts
(By The Associated Press)
BELGRADE, March 21. - Vio-
lent objections by cabinet mem-
bers who predicted serious internal
disorder were reliably reported early
today to have arisen from the Yugo-
slav Crown Council's approval of a
program described as a passive but
effective alliance with the German
Such an alliance, which would
clear the way for Germany to attack
Greece as soon as signatures are af-
fixed in Berlin possibly next week,
was approved by the council late last
Cabinet To Consider
The cabinet and 'military chiefs
were asked to initial the scheme with
out discussion, but three ministers
were asserted to have, raised vig-
Their resignations were considered
Political quarters pointed out Re-
gent Prince Paul then would be free
to find a cabinet which would ap-
prove a German alliance, but they
agreed such action might well bring
to a blaze the smouldering passions
n this Pro-British country.
Such a reaction was predicted
particularly among the peasant pop-
Greek quarters, stunned by the
swift decision of the YugoslavCrown
Council after weeks of obscure bar-
gaining, said the government solemn-
ly assured Greece only a few days
igo that-nothing would take place.
Edition Held Up
While the contents of the docu-
nent was a highly-guarded govern-
ment secret, the Pro-German news-
paper Vreme late tonight held up its
early morning edition awaiting the
sensor's approval for an article out-
lining its version of what Yugoslavia
has offered to sign with the Reich.
This.version stated that Yugoslavia
will join the Axis pact. Other signa-
tures will guarantee Yugoslavia's
territorial integrity and indepen-
Yugoslavia will be specifically
axempted from military clauses of
the pact,' and at the end of the
war other signatories will agree to
,onsider Yugoslavia's aspirations for
an outlet to the Aegean Sea.
Preliminary contest for men and
women who wish to represent the Un-
iversity in the annual Northern Ora-
torical League will be held at 4 p.m.
Monday in Room 4003 Angell Hall,
Prof. Louis Eich, of the speech de-
partment, director of activity, an-
All sophomores, juniors, and sen-
iors, who are eligible to partici
pate in the contest must register at
the speech office before nooh tomor-
row, Professor Eich said.
In the preliminary contest, students
must be prepared to give a five-min-
ute portion of their oration or a five-
minute extempore speech on the sub-
ject of their oration.
The University finals will be held
March 28 for those who survive the
preliminary contest. The winner of
this contest will represent the Uni-
versity against the five other schools
of the League.
The University will play host to
the Oratorical League which Profes-
sor-Emeritus Thomas Q. Trueblood
of the +l,-P.Ph fi navtment wa in.
project to a close today.
Ctering especially to Greek letter Aeronautical Engineering
affiliates, the project headquarters
at Room 4, University Hall and over
the Engineering Arch will be opened
to all students and faculty members
at 8 a.m. today and will close at!
Fraternity officials announced that
the total number of fingerprinting
records would fall somewhat short Qf
the 5,000 quota, but they considered
the project, the first time it has been
introduced to the campus, as a suc-
Fingerprints, recorded by the fra-
ternity free of charge, will be placed
on file in the Personal Identification
Bureau of the FBI, separate from the
Criminal Investigation system.
J. Edgar Hoover in correspondence
with the chapter has cited the dire
need of civil fingerprinting records.
200,000 missing persons last year jus-
tify the program, he declared.
To Talk Today
Objectivity, Social Studies
To Be Sabine Topic
Objectivity and social studies will
be the subject of a University lecture
delivered by Prof. George H. Sabine,
of the Sage School of Philosophy at
Cornell University, at 4:15 p.m. to-
day in the Rackham Amphitheatre
under the auspices of the philosophy
Recognized over the nation for his
work in political philosophy. Pro-
Grants Are Announced
The Frank P. Sheehan Scholar-
ship fund has made two scholafships
and three assistantships available
for the year 1941-42 in the Depart-
ment of Aeronautical Engineering,
it was announced yesterday.
Generally restricted to upperclass-
men and graduate students, the
grants are largely based on scholastic
standing and are intended to aid
students following a career in aero-
nautics or aeronautical engineering.
Applications, which will be received
up to April 1, should be addressed
to Prof. Edward A. Stalker, B-47,
East Engineering building, and
should give a brief statement of the
applicant's qualifications and exper-
ience in regard to both scholastic
work and any outside experience they
may have had. A statement should
also be made giving the student's
plans for further study in aeronauti-
The scholarship fund was founded
by Miss Mildred Sheehan as a me-
morial to her brother, Frank P. Shee-
han, a student in the University from
1917 to 1919 and in 1924-25.
Prof. J. S. Gault
"The Induction Motor and Rotor-
Bar Currents" was the title of the
talk given before the student section
of the American Institute of Electri-
cal Engineers by Prof. James S. Gault
of the electrical engineering depart-
ment at their meeting last night.