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March 19, 1941 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1941-03-19

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?AC; °&tY


__ _


' s -- u ov a -_--, ..,..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newpaper. All.
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during.the regular school year by
carrier $4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
CollegePublishers Representative
F!ember, Associated' Collegiate Press, 1940-41

Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman
Laurence Mascott
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
* . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. . . .Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager . .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
writers only.
Japan's Bluff
Should Be Called .. .
APAN looked West for inspiration,
and found it in the methods of Hit-
ler's expansion program. Following the Nazi
lead, Japan has been playing the game of bluff
and has been doing well at it. But that is not
all. Following the Hitler pattern, she has
bluffed only the nations not able to defend
themselves from her threatened attack.
The advance of Japan down the coast of
China towards the Malay States, and incident-
ally Singapore and the Dutch East Indies, not
to mention the Philippine Islands, has been pri-
marily at the expense of a floundering China,
and a German-dominated France. It is true
that Japan is having a terrific struggle to main-
tain her position in China's interior, but her
superior arms have enabled her to exercise a
rigid control of the coastal regions of China.
WHEN THE DISPUTE between Thailand and
France arose recently, Japan stepped in as
mediator-uninvited-and settled the problem to
her own best advantage. The affair was settled
Japan's way, for France has no real army or
navy, and Thailand is not on any sort of equal
arms basis with Japan.
Outside of the war with China, Japan has not
had to fight for its expansion campaign pro-
gram. The show of weapons has been enough.
Up to this point the Nazi method of baring the
teeth and growling ominously has proved suc-
cessful. But how long can the blustering be
kept up without actual war with either Great
Britain or the United States?
Despite the passage of the lend-lease bill.
Washington is more concerned over a clash
with Japan than war with the dictators. Hitler
is through talking; he is now fighting to pre-
serve the gains that he made by that method.
Mussolini is still bluffing, and receiving the
short end, because he too is carrying on a war,
br an excuse for one. Japan, however is still
at "peace" with the world, excluding China.
BRITAIN and the United States cannot allow
Japan to go on bluffing indefinitely. The
risk is too great. If the democracies have
learned anything at all from Hitler's rise, it is
that the sooner the game is called, the better
the chance that you will catch the enemy unpre-
pared to actually back up its loud noises.
The great problem facing the United States
now is how to call Japan's bluff. Certainly this
country is not in any mood for a war with Japan,
nor is it in any immediate danger of war with
her. But the longer the United States persists
in doing nothing concrete about calling Japan's
bluff, the more difficult it will become to stop
their advance. Successful noise-making leads
to the belief of invulnerability. A clearcut Far-
Eastern policy now will have a far better oppor-
tunity to gag the Oriental bluffer than waiting
for Japan to back up her bluff with actual force.
- Eugene Mandeberg
Spoils System
And Prison Reform *..**
cratic government can best be mea-

butcher knives. Those whose memories are not
too short will recall that a few months ago this
same reform school was the scene of the death.
of an inmate allegedly caused by the brutal
beating he received at the hands of two of the
guards who now are awaiting trial.
Also within the last two years the school has
been the scene of repeated scandals including a
mass escape of 13 inmates and a total of 76
such "get aways" in that year. These escaped
prisoners had terrorized the country-side until
the scandal finally forced the state authorities
to put a wall around the school. But today the
school is still making the headlines and remind-
ing society as a whole that a democratic govern-
ment will not run of its own accord but must
have the interest and support of every citizen.
THE REAL REASON for this scandal in Illinois
lies deeper, The Spoils System is respon-
sible for inferior equipment, guards, manage-
ment and treatment of the inmates. This is a
situation that calls for the mosthighly trained
functionaries who can render scientific handling
of the inmates. The duty of the reform school'
is to provide these unfortunate misfits with a
new attitude toward life and society-an atti-
tude that can be cultivated only with the best
possible environment.
To put purely political appointees in charge
of this delicate task is unthinkable. Strict civil
service examinations should be the means of
selecting adequately suited administrators. Sci-
entific segregation and handling of inmates
should be instituted.
Unfortunately the example in Illinois is not
the only one. Many prison reforms are being
carried out in model prisons throughout the
nation, but in order for them to become the rule
rather than the exception, every individual in'
a community must assume his rightful respon-
sibility and take an active part in local self
-Edmund J. Grossberg
1he Dardanelles,
A Strategic Sore ,Spot...
M OST PEOPLE expect a break in the
relationship between Soviet Russia
and Germany as a result of the recent occupa-
tion of Bulgaria by German forces, which threat-
ened the Dardanelles Straits, always a sensitive
point in Russian politics.
Those who anticipate such a break are either
wishful thinkers or are thinking of the situation
in Europe before the .war. It is true that when
Hitler was building his war machine he had two
possible ways in which he might use it against
Russia, either to expandhto the East and occupy
the fertile plains of the Ukraine, or against
Western Europe, taking over their empires and
dominating European politics. Had he chosen,
or had it been possible for him to choose to drive
against Russia, he might have followed a policy
of pacification with France and England. That
way is closed now, possibly forever, and by the
logic of events, he has to follow the consequences
of the course he has chosen.
'WHEN German and Soviet politicians met just
before the war started and made their pact,
they announced that they had settled all mat-
ters between their two nations and defined the
zones of interest of each. Since that time both
Russia and Germany have been proceeding con-
sistently to fulfill their respective parts of the
plan. It is not conceivable that when this policy
was outlined the question of the Dardanelles
was omitted.
By occupying Bulgaria, Germany has realized
mlany objectives. It has paralyzed all of Britain's
old allies and all possible allies in the Balkans
and the Near East. It has endangered the posi-
tion of Great Britain in the Mediterranean, and
has obtained security against the possibility of
a British attack through Greece. The way for
possible acquisition of Musol Oil has likewise
been opened. None of these objectives can be
lost by delivering the Dardanelles to Russia as
long as the relationship between them is on a
friendly basis.
NOw it might be asked why Russia protested
against the occupation of Bulgaria. This
objection may have been made in order that
Russia might save her face with the communist

parties in the Balkans and the rest of the world.
Such diplomatic protest has no further value
when it is not supported by force. It is the same
type that the British made against Italy's occu-
pati6n of Ethiopia after they had tacitly con-
doned the policy of Italian expansion in the
hope of winning Italy to their side.
-Rosemary Ryan
To the Editor:
Those who support all-out aid to Britain are
continually referring to the advantages of de-
mocracy we have. But they refuse to admit or
fail to realize that what is keeping our democ-
racy alive is the very resistance to a war dicta-
torship program which supporters of the war
are beginning to accept. The all-out groups
point out that the German people cannot dem-
onstrate openly for peace nor resist governmental
policies except through underground struggle.
That is true, but what sense is there in urging
us to put ourselves in the same boat. For each
step toward greater involvement in the war has
resulted in fiercer attacks on democracy at home.
What a contradiction! We are told to go deeper
into the war in order to defend what we lose
by doing so.
Soneror laiter an individal m~,ariri n

Robert SAlleis
WASHINGTON-The fight over whether na-
tional defense plants shall be placed in the East
or West provokes some bitter swearing behind
the closed doors where Army experts work over
defense blue-prints. For the Army's pin-studded
maps show that more than 50 per cent of de-
fense production is concentrated in an area
along the 'Atlantic Coast reaching only from
Boston to Newport News, Va.
Army officers say that to defend this vital
region against Nazi bombers and foreign attack
would require a concentration of military force
larger than our present army.
ing to wriggle away from the mounting
criticism by claiming that for the sake of speed'
they placed the orders where industry was al-
ready located. But what they don't reveal is
that even on this basis the East Coast got far
more than its share.,
In 1939, before the emergency, East Coast
states were responsible for 48.7 per cent of the
total of new manufacturing in the United States.
When it came to defense orders, in the last half
of 1940, these states received 61.9 per cent of all
contracts awarded.
In contrast, the North Central states, which
added 37 per cent to manufacturing facilities in
1939, received only 38.4 per cent of defense con-
tracts awarded in the last half of 1940. This
excludes aircraft and shipbuilding, which the
Army and Navy say must be built at existing
seaboard plants.
New Order
SINCE JANUARY, however, there has been a
slow but steady change in favor of the Mid-
west. Army brasshats apparently have begun
to realize what they had been doing.
Atlantic seaboard states still lead, but have
dropped to 58.1 per cent of the total defense
orders. Middle Atlantic states fell off 1.1 per
cent to 28.4 per cent; those in the South Atlan-
tic section dropped 1.3 per'cent to 13.5 per cent;
and New England sagged 1.4 per cent to 16.2 per
The most dramatic shift to the Midwest has
been in aircraft production. At the end of the
first defense expansion period last fall, 70 per
cent of aviation output was on the Atlantic and
pacific coasts. But when plants now under con-
struction are finished, 55 per cent will be inland.
Note:-Thanks to the foresight of hard-work-
ing Col. Francis H. Miles, chief of the Army
ammunition division, at least one phase of de-
fense production is being located in the "safe"
zone. He is scattering ten new powder and load-
ing plants in the hinterlands: two in Indiana,
two in Ohio and one each in Virginia, Alabama,
Illinois, Missouri. Iowa and Tennessee.
Left Winger
THE PRESIDENT loves to tell stories on him-
self, and here is his latest, related to guests
at a dinner party.
He was working late in his study. Nearby on
a couch was Harry Hopkins, who was so quiet
Roosevelt thought he was asleep. v
Suddenly Hopkins cocked open an eye and
remarked casually, "You know, boss, Churchill
is a lot further to the left than you are."
Capitol lomb Scare
c(APITOL POLICE have been warned to si-
lence, but there was a bomb scare in the
Hbuse Office Building recently.
Representative Rudolph G. Tenerowicz of
Michigan, whose Polish constituents are raising
cain about his unexpected vote against the lend-
lease bill, was the "victim."

Tenerowicz received a package marked "From
the CIO," and postmarked from his home town
of Hamtramck. As his secretary cut the twine,
a loud ticking was heard. Hysterically she called
Capitol policemen, who gingerly immersed the
ominous parcel in a bucket of water.
CAUTIOUSLY removing the brown paper
wrapping, the policemen discovered that the
"bomb" was only the inside of a cheap clock. It
had been skillfully bound so that a cog wheel
in the spring was released the moment the twine
was cut, starting the ticking.
Police jammed the hands of the clock, on the
chance a "timed" dynamite cap was concealed
under its face, and it was turned over to the
FBI. But the guards figured it was a crude
joke to scare Tenerowicz.
not the gift of rulers. Destroying democracy
means to destroy the resistance of the people, to
remove the checks which they have upon their
rulers. It is absurd to say that we must attack
the rights which the people have "won through
hard struggle in order to protect Democracy.
A recent example from English history will
make the point clear. The British Broadcasting
Co. attempted to ban 17 nationally known actors,
musicians, and composers who signed the mani-
festo of the Peoples Convention. After much
resistance on the part of the English people,
the attempt was abandoned. G. B. Shaw, the
veteran charger, made the fullowing comment:
"Daily we throw in the teeth of Germany
and Italy the reproach that they have abol-
ished the rights of public meeting and free
speech. Yet this is the moment selected by
B.B.C. to give the world an exhibition of
British Nazism gone mad. Europe will hear

by mascott
BIG BUSINESS and the Army-
the accepted formula for concen-
trated reaction. We discussed BB in
our last column, its unwillingness to
make a concession even in time of
crisis, its very undemocracy making
it lose all perspective of "enlightened
self-interest" so that it cannot make
any sacrifices for democracy even
when democracy needs those sacri-
fices most.
Easily cited as examples of these
failures of Big Business are the alum-
inum monopoly which pegs the price
and the production of a metal that
is so necessary to the airplane indus-
try and the airplane plants that seem
to avoid mass-production as if it
were the bubonic plague since these
airplane manufacturers suspect that
there isn't so much profit in mass-
produced bomb and pursuit planes.
Our American Army ain't so peachy
either. We refer to the various "brass-
hat" exposes of the Washington Mer-
ry-Go-Round and the excellent arti-
cle in the March issue of 'Harper's,
entitled "For A Modernized Army"
and written by Major M. Wheeler-
Nicholson. Major Wheeler-Nicholson
sounds like General DeGaulle advis-
ing the French General Staff before
the debacle. And we're afraid that
the American army modernist will re-
ceive the same deaf ear from the
American Army brass-hats.
A GOOD INKLING of the excel-
lence of the leadership of the
American Army is offered by the fol-
lowing list of Army rejections: the
Gatling gun, rejected in 1862; the
Maxim Gun, rejected in the 1900's;
the Lewis gun rejected in 1916; the
Wright Airplane, etc. Major Wheel-
er-Nicholson also criticizes the Army
for its failure in speed and quality
of mobilization (the complete break-
down of housing facilities for draft-
ees); the poor army morale; poor
training of officers ("too much time
spent in outworn ritualistic pacings
and posturings"-in short, a hell of
a lot of unnecessary drill when the
time could be more profitably used
in acquiring the special skills of
modern warfare); poor selection of
officers (since advancement is by
seniority rather than merit).
Major Wheeler-Nicholson's con-
clusion is worth reprinting: "Our
present Army system is unfit for mod-
ern war. There is urgent need for
modernization (and democratiization,
he includes this too in the article)
... better some brusqueness of speech
than that our sons should be use-
lessly slaughtered under unskilled
ing a Big League Hockey Game
in Detroit is it's aid in enabling an
outsider to appreciate the Detroiter's
character. We made our research last
Sunday in the game between the Red
Wings and the Boston Bruins (one
of the greatest teams in the history
of big-time hockey, incidentally).
The following clues to a Detroit-
er's character were then given:
1. Johnny Orlando is the most pop-
ular hockey player in Detroit. Johnny
Orlando, is also the dirtiest hockey
player in the major leagues.
2. A Detroiter's idea of fun is to
arrive at a hockey game loaded down
with telephone books and Sunday
papers and then proceed with great
abandon to tear said paper in shreds
and to throw these shreds, well-seas-
oned occasionally with an intact tele-

phone directory, upon the ice every
time the Red Wings are given an ad-
verse decision of the opposition team
makes a good play. The game is then
held up for twenty minutes while the
attendants clear the paper off the ice
and the Detroit fans go into orgasmic
Oriental 'Peace',
The protocol signed recently in To-
kyo, ending hostilities in Indo-China,
is described by the Japanese in glow-
ing terms as the 'stable cornerstone
of the peace fabric in Greater East
Asia.' It may be many other things,
but it is not a cornerstone. The pre-
diction can be made with confidence
that the last word has not been said
in Indo-China. If Britain wins this
war, and French power is revived,
the French people will have some-
thing to say about the terms now dic-
tated by Japan at their expense. II
Britain loses the war, and Germany
inherits British power, it will be Hit-
ler and not Japan who will dictate
the final settlement in 'Greater Easi
Asia.' For Hitler's one and only creed
is all power to himself, and Japar
will find that he can stab an ally
in the back at any time it suits his
purpose to do so as readily as he
can break his promise to a neutral.
- The New York Times
At Last!. .
Pn v--r o eo grs.e rxitceand

VOL. LI. No. 119
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University.
To All Faculty Members and Others
1. Old Age Annuities. Since 1918 it
has been a condition of employment1
as a Faculty member of the University
of Michigan, except for instructors of
less than three years' standing for
whom the provision is optional, that
such Faculty member shall purchase
an old-age annuity from the Teachers
Insurance and Annuity Association.
The object of this annuty is provision
for the teacher after he shall have
passed the retirement age. The an-j
nuity premium payment required
from each Faculty member is 5 per
cent of any annual salary not exceed-c
ing $5,000, or thus a maximum prem-
ium of $250. Faculty members may
devote as much more of their salaries
to annuity premiums as they desire.
The University matches the annuity
premium up to an annual sum not in
excess of $250, thus within the 5 per
cent limit doubling the amount of theI
annuity purchased.
2. Any person in the employ of the
University may at his own cost pur-
chase annuities from the Association
in any amounts. The University it-
self, however, will contribute to the
expense of such purchase of annuities
only as stated in (1) above.l
3. Life Insurance. Any person in
the employ of the University, either
as a Faculty member or otherwise, un-
less debarred by his medical examina-
tion, may, at his own option and ex-,
pense, purchase life insurance from
the Teachers Insurance and Annuity
Association at its published rates. All
life insurance premiums are borne byt
the individual himself. The Univer-
sity makes no contribution toward life
insurance and has nothing to do with
the life insurance feature except thatt
it will if desired by the insured, de-
duct premiums monthly and remit the
same to the Association.
4. Monthly Premium Payments. The
University accounting offices will as
a matter of accommodation to faculty
members or employees of the Univer-
sity, who desire to pay either annuity
premiums or insurance premiums
monthly, deduct such premiums from
the payroll in monthly installments.k
In the case of the so-called "academ-
ic roll" premiums for the months of
July, August, September and Octo-
ber will be deducted from the double
payroll of June 30. While the ac-
counting offices do not solicit this
work, still it will be cheerfully as-
sumed where desired.
5. The University has no arrange-
ments with any life insurance or an-
nuity organization except the Teach-
ers Insurance and Annuity Associa-
tion of America and contributions will
not be made by the University nor can
premium payments be deducted ex-
cept in the case of annuity or insur-
ance policies of this Association.
6. The general administration of the
annuity and insurance business has
been placed in the hands of the Sec-
retary of the University by the Re-
Please communicate with the un-
dersigned if you have not arranged
for any and all annuities required
under your appointment.
Herbert G. Watkins
All applicants for commission in
the Medical or Dental Corps U.S.
Naval Reserve will be examined phys-
ically by a Board of Naval Medical
Examiners at Naval R.O.T.C. Head-
quarters, North Hall today and
Thursday. Candidates will call tele-
phone No. 396 or 397 for appoint-

ment as early as practicable.-
Faculty of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: The five-week
freshman reports will be due March


22 in the Office of the Academic
Counselors, 108 Mason Hall.
Arthur Van Durn
Chairman, Academic Counselors
Vocational Guidance Talk on Edu-
cation: All students who expect to
enter the School of Education, and
all others interested in the profes-
sion, should meet Dean J. B. Edmon-
son of the School of Education in
the Auditorium of University High
School on Thursday, March 20, at
4:15 p.m. Dean Edmonson will speak
on the preparation and qualifications
necessary for admission to the School
of Education and various aspects of
the profession.
Vocational Guidance Talk on Law:
All students who expect to enter the
School of Law, and all others inter-
ested in the profession, should meet
Dean E. B. Stason of the Law School
in the Small Ballroom of the Michi-
gan Union on Thursday, March 20,
at 4:15 p.m. Dean Stason will speak
on the qualifications and preparation
necessary forvadmission to the Law
School and various aspects of the
Mentor Reports: Reports on stand-
ings of all Engineering freshmen will
be expected from faculty members
during the sixth and again during
the eleventh weeks of the semester.
These two reports will be due about
March 28 ad May 2. Report blanks
will be furnished by campus mail.
Please refer routine questions to
Sophie Buda, Office of the Dean,
(Extension 575), who Will handle the
reports; otherwise, call A. D. Moore,
Head Mentor, Extension 2136.
Orientation Advisers: All men stu-
tents interested in serving as ori-
ntation advisers next fall, reportto
oom 304 of'the Union any time be-
tween 3:00 and 5:00 p.m. on March
Chairmen of Activities: Your at-
tention is called to the fact that first
semester eligibility cards may not be
.sed after March 1. Any one who
has not presented to you an eligibil-
ity certificate for the second semester
should be excluded from activities
until such a certificate has been pre-
The chairmen of the following ac-
tivities have not yet filed Eligibil-
ity Lists for the second semester with
the Dean of Students. These lists
should be submitted on forms pro-
vided by the Office of the Dean of
Students 13Y MARCH 20,
Arch. Council
Capitalist Ball
Crease Dance
Engineering Council
French Play
Frosh Project
German Play
Girls Glee Club
Hillel Foundation
Interfraternity Council
Jr. Girls Play
Men's Council
Michigan, League
Michigan Union
Military Ball
Odonto Ball
Senior Ball
Student Religious Ass'n
Nurse and Dietitian: There is an
opening in a summer camp for next
summer for a combination nurse and
dietitian. If qualified and interested,
please get in touch with the Bureau
of Appointments and Occupational
Information, 201 Mason Hall.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information

has received notice of two fellowships
of $600 each being offered by Rad-
cliffe College for the year 1941-42 to
women desiring to prepare themselves
(Continued on Page 6)

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