Partly cloudy to cloudy today
Reciprocity Treaties Vs.
Lack' Of Foresight .. .
VOL. L. No. 90 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JAN. 26, 1940
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Calm As U.S.
Relations Between Nations
Will Be 'Under Strain',
Tokyo Officials Assert
Fear Of Pressure
By RELMAN MORIN
TOKYO, Jan. 26., (Friday)-(P)W-
Japan maintained outward calm to-
day over expiration of the Japanese-
American trade treaty of 1911, yet
harbored uneasiness over the fact
that the United States is free to ap-
ply economic pressure on Tokyo in
behalf of American interests in China.
The calmness was "due to a belief
there would be no immediateachange
in Japanese-American trade relations,
although the foreign office stated
expiration of ther29-year-old treaty
would put general relations between
Japan and the United States "under
Japan's. major concern is whether
the United States will move further
to curtail shipments essential to
prosecution of the Japanese war in
China by legal or moral embargo.
At the same time Japan's diplo-
matic tangle with Great Britain over
the Asama Maru incident reached
a new tenseness as the press sharply
attacked the British ambassador, Sir
Robert Leslie Craigie, for giving news-
papers an outline of the British po-
sition before formally replying to the
The Japanese-American t r a d e
treaty ends 'at ~midnight tonight in
accordance with its denunciation by
Washington last July 26. Abrogation
of the treaty, removing legal obstacles
to a possible embargo against Japan,
was effected, the United States state
department said, "with a view to bet-
ter safeguarding and promoting
American interests as new develop-
ments may require."
Against Nippon Expected
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.-(P)-
With the Japanese-American trade
treaty due to expire in 24 hours, the
Commerce Department made public
tonight a study showing that Nippon
depends upon this country for a third
of all the foreign merchandise it buys
and normally sells a fifth of all its
The treaty will end at midnight
Friday. The State Department, pro-
testing alleged discrimination against
American interests in Japanese-oc-
cupied areas of China, denounced it
last summer, but the cancellation
could not take effect until six months
after notice to Japan.
So far there has been no indica-
tion here that the treaty's demise
will bring any immediate change in
Japanese-American trade relations.
Treasury Secretary Morgenthau
said today that, as far as he knew,
no discrimination against Japanese
goods would be made in assessing
customs duties after tomorrow.
IHowever, after the treaty expires,
the United States no longer will be
bound legally to treat Japanese goods
on a par with merchandise from
other parts of the world. Some con-
gressmen have talked of embargoing
the sale of essential raw materials
Ypsilanti Pupil Confesses
To School Damage
YPSILANTI, Jan. 25.-(IP)-Sergt.
Cyril J. Ray of the Ypsilanti police
said tonight that a 13-year-old pupil
of the Woodruff School here had con-
fessed starting six fires in that school.
Ray said the boy had been taken
to juvenile detention home in De-
troit by two state police troopers and
would be taken to Ann Arbor Friday
morning to make a formal statement
to Prosecutor Albert J. Rapp.
Sergt. Ray said the boy held had
"discovered" four of the fires and had
assisted in getting other children out
of the school on the two occasions
when the hilding was evanuated
Models And Movies To Illustrate
Lecture On Aviation Progress
Program At 8 P.M. Today
In Rackham Building
Sponsored By Sigma Xi
Aviation's history, from magic car-
pet to rocket ships will be demon-
strated graphically and mechanically
at 8 p.m. today in the Rackham Lec-
Presented by the Franklin Insti-
tute of Philidelphia and brought here
under the auspices of Sigma Xi, hon-
orary scientific society, the lecture
demonstration will be under the di-
rection of R. V. Thayer of the Frank-
lin Institute, assisted by Charles W.
Featuring demonstration models,
slides and animated pictures, the
presentation of aviation in review
Orders Are Now Accepted;
At Box Office Of Lydia
Ticket sale for the Union Opera,
"Four Out of Five," was set into mo-
tion yesterday with the announce-
ment that mail orders, addressed to1
the box-office of the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre, will be accepted.
The Union Opera, first since 1935,
will be presented at the Theatre for
four nights, Feb. 28 to March 2, with
a' matinee performance on, March 2.
According to Robert Mix, '40, gen-
eral chairman, the early announce-
ment of ticket sales has been made
to enable alumni to make plans for
attending the revival performance of
As many of the alumni as possible
will be informed of the revival, Mix
said, since it is probable that many
of the graduates who were in the
Opera during its period of greatest
success may want to share in its re-
During the twenties, the Opera was
one of the most prominent institu-
tions on campus. More than 500 men
annually tried out for parts in the
cast or on the committees. Each
year the Opera went on tour through-
out the East and Middle West, and
one Opera set an attendance record
for amateur productions at the Metro-
politan Opera House in New York
Ohio, Mississippi Rivers
Clogged By Heavy Ice
(By The Associated Press)
Piercing cold kept the majority of
North America's millions under heavy
Subzero temperatures were coin-
mon throughout the midwest. Most
of the east and the bulk of the south
remained under the big top df freez-
ing weather. The Pacific Coast re-
ceived a dash of rain and snow. Re-
cent snows covered the entire United
States with the exception of the South
Atlantic seaboard states, a fringe of
territory along the gulf and the far
. No general break in the subnormal
spell was sighted.
Ice 10 inches thick nearly filled the
Ohio River at Cincinnati while a
huge gorge formed downstream. Zero
-or worse-was forecast for most of
A drop to 12 above in Pennsylvania
and 15 above in New York City was
in prospect. Snow delayed trains 45
minutes in upstate New York. High-
ways in some sections were still im-
passable, but the main roads were
cleared of drifts in Virginia, Dela-
ware and other states burdened by
the mid-week storm.
One of the heaviest frosts in years
extended as far south as Tampa, Fla.
Residents of Miami hustled about for
fuel and extra heaters. Heavy dam-
age to citrus fiuit was reported in
the lower Rio Grande valley of Texas.
Richard Thomas Named
Winner Of Technic Prize
Richard V. Thomas, '40E, has been
named winner of the November Tech-
will trace the development of avia-
tion from prehistoric boomerangs to
the recent advances in rocket-propul-
sion motors. Shown in the passing
parade will be models to illustrate
early balloons, and modern dirigibles,
Wright-type flying machines and the
latest clipper ships.
Flight To Be Demonstrated
The story of human flight will be
presented in a series of 39 demon-
strations depicting how and why air-
planes fly, with wind tunnel experi-
mnents and animated and high-speed
motion pictures to explain the tech-
nicalities of aeronautical engineering
to the non-technical listener in an
Emphasized in the lecture will be
the parallels between the flight of1
birds and the mechanical contri-
vances with which man has achievedt
the miracle of flight. Flying -models
will be shown to demonstrate the
type of performances rendered by
weight carriers, endurance fliers,
speed planes and acrobatic gliders.
Slow Motion To Be Used 1
Through the medium of the ani-
mated screen, will be shown what
aeronautical science has learned
aboutmtherudiments of flight. Slow
motion pictures and slides of birds
in flight, from the great prehistoric
Pterodactyl to the tiny humming bird
will illustrate what man has learned
from his teachers in nature.
A scientific lecture planned for'
popular consumption, the lecture is
one of the series of Franklin Insti-
tute lectures and has been made pos-t
sible through funds donated by thet
Carnegie Corporation of New York.
One-A-Day Now Claimed
To Be Result Of High
BERLIN, Jan. 25.-()-An excel-
lently informed source said tonights
that Germany's submarine construc-
tion program has reached the stage
of one built every day.
This source said the first group of
submarines built under this high
pressure program now is completed.
Officers and crews will need about
four weeks' practice before going on
regular duty, he asserted, and there-
after submarine warfare will be in-
creased "by leaps and bounds."
Although submarines constitute
Germany's chief weapon at sea dur-
ing this war, the Reich is not neglect-
ing her surface craft.
It is understood that the Von Tir-
pitb and the Bismarck, 35,000 ton
battleships (five are believed planned)
are almost ready to be commissioned..
Weyer's naval almanac mentions
still another ship of this class, the
battleship "H". Many believe this
ship is the one for which Adolf Hit-
ler has reserved the name "Deutsch-
The 10,000-ton pocket battleship
Deutschland's return home after five
months of raiding merchant shipping
was announced today, along with dis-
closure that Hitler had ordered her
renamed the "Luetzow" so her old
name could go to a mightier man
In addition, a 40,000 ton flagship is
reported to be under construction, to
be named for Frederick the Great.
Authorized sources said the safe
return and exploits of the erstwhile
Deutschland, sister-ship of the
scuttled Admiral Graf Spee, demon-
strated that Great Britain "is not
completely mistress of the seas."
As Red Flagm
Unknown Displays Banner
During CIO Leader's
Address At UMW Meet
Denies Union Men
COLUMBUS, Jan. 25.--(P)--An up-
roar disrupted the United Mine Work-
ers' convention today when someone
-now sought by police-unfurled a
huge red Communist flag above John
L. Lewis in the midst of a speech by
the CIO leader.
Scores of startled delegates in the
crowd of 5,000 jumped to their feet,
"Tear it down, tear it down." '
A squad of men dashed into the
loft above the stage from which the
flag was lowered and removed the
banner while delegates milled about
the convention floor muttering angry
The incident occurred in the midst
of a nation-wide broadcast commeor-
ating the 50th anniversary of the
Lewis, president of the UMW, nev-
er saw the flag and calmly finished
his speech despite a growing confu-
sion. Then, learning the cause of
the disturbance, he ordered delegates
to their seats and said.
"It appears that someone has tried
to perpetrate a most cowardly, repre-
hensible and distardly trick. No one
can regret this more than a delegate
of the United Mine Workers.
"I was unable to see, but I was told
it was a Communist flag."
"There are no Communists in the
United Mine Workers of America,"
he almost shouted, and the delegates
arose and cheered.
Lewis explained the UMW consti-
tution prohibited a Communist from
belonging to the organization and
sked that police investigate "and
enforce the law" on the person re-
sponsible for the incident. A squad
of police began a inquiry.
He then had a band play "America"~
as the audience, sang.
For Tag Day
f1 C antile Paralysis Drive
To Be Aided By Dime
Cards Circulated Here
Participation in the national cam-
paign against infantile paralysis will
be somewhat curtailed, Tom Adams,
'40, president of the IFC, announced
The originally scheduled Tag Day
o be held Saturday on campus has
been cancelled, he said, because of
the inability to get tag sellers during
examinations. This should not stop
students from contributing, however,
because collection boxes have been
set up in the Law Quadrangle, the
General Library, the Health Service,
the Union, the League and Univer-
More than 1,000 dime cards have
been distributed among fraternities,
sororities, and independents, Adams
pointed out. Barbara Bassett, '40,
president of Panhellenic, Mary Fran
Reek, '40Ed., head of Assembly, Phil
Westbrook, '40, president of Con-
gress, together with Adams are tak-
ing care of their distribution.
Assaults By Russian Army
Fail To Relieve Forces
Marooned Near Kitela
By WADE WERNER
HELSINKI, Jan. 25.-(1P)-Relent-
less assaults by Russian armies, all
day and all night across the blood-
stained snows and frozen lakes on the
flank of the Mannerheim Line, were
reported by Finnish military authori-,
ties topight to have failed utterly to
relieve large Russian forces trapped
and harassed from every side near
These forces are cut off almost en-
tirely from communication with their
main armies, and the impression grew
in Helsinki that Finnish strategists
are on the verge of another coup
such as the one which brought de-
struction to two Russian divisions on
the Salla front.
Even the reported importation of
fighters from the Asiatic Soviet snow-
lands-in the hope of achieving a
great victory by Feb. 23, 22nd anniver-
sary of the establishment of the Red
army, failed to crack the Finnish de-
fenses in the furiously contested sec-
tor north of Lake Ladoga, or to bring
help to the marooned divisions.
Additional hundreds of Red Army
troops were left dead on the battle-
fields northeast of Lake Ladoga, terse
official reports said.
After a tremendous all-day battle
in the stubbornly contested Aittojoki
sector, the Russians spent all night
sending wave after wave of troops
against Finnish lines at Kollaanjoki.
The Finnish high command said the
Aittojoki attacks were thrown back
with "heavy" Red army losses; the
Kollaanjoki assault was smashed at
dawn today with several hundred
Soviet dead and three tanks de-
At two points to the north and in
the Karelian Isthmus, iron-ribbed
barrier to Helsinki, the Finns said
the Russians had equally bad luck.
An army communique said Finnish
positions at Markajarvi, on the Salla
front 50 miles from the Soviet border,
were assaulted but held fast. A Red
army force of .40,000 men, abandon-
ing a drive intended to cut Finland in
two, retreated to Markajarvi some
days ago, where it was forced to fight
a biter rear-guard battle. Now, ap-
parently, this force has launched a
Far to the north, in the deadly cold
of Petsamo, Finland's northeastern
tip, two Russian attacks met no suc-
cess and the Russians lost two more
tanks, the Finns said.
Blaze, Fire Truck
Meet At Train Station
MILWAUKEE, Jan. 25. -(A)--
"Please have a fire engine on hand
at 2619 South Fifth St. in five min-
utes," the voice on the telephone told
the fire department today.
The dispatcher of the North Shore
Railroad was calling.
"We're bringing a fire to that sta-
tion," he said.
Engine company 31 rushed to the
station. Two minutes later, a North
Shore merchandise train from Chica-
go rolled in, with rubbish ablaze in
one car because of an overheated
stove. The firemen made short work
To Resign Le
Local Refugee Conmnittee Aids
in Coordinatin Relief Groups
To Give Recital
For Music Degree
John Schwarzwalder, baritone, will
present a complimentary musical re-t
cital at 8:15 p.m. today in the School
of Music Auditorium in partial ful-
fillment of the degree of Bachelor of
Schwarzwalder, who is studying
voice under Prof. Arthur Hackett,
will be accompanied by Paul Jones,
pianist, who is working for his Master
of Music degree under Prof. Joseph
Among the selections to be- heard
are Handel's "Lascia ch'io pianga"
and "Verdi prati," Mozart's "Baca
amorosi e cari" and "Che fiero cos-1
tume" by Legrenzi.
Also scheduled on the program areI
Hugo Wolfe's "Wie viele Zeit verlor'
ich," "Biterolf," "Anacreon's Grab"
and "Der Soldat," Fevrier's "L'In-
truse" and "Thou art Risen, my Be-
loved" by Coleridge Taylor.
Schwarzwalder will also sing "Le
Miroir" by Ferrari, Duparc's "La-
ment," Bemberg's "Il Neige," Stra-
vinsky's "Lullaby," "Requiem" by"
Bennett and Keel's "Tomorrow."
Exhibit To Be Held
An exhibition of industrial designs
and examples of student work will be
opened Thursday at the College of
Architecture and Design and will be
open daily until Feb. 10.
The exhibits are being held in con-
nection with a conference on coordi-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.-(IP)---
Representative Dies (Dem., Tex.) re-
ceived from the House today a $75,000
appropriation for new investigations
by his committee on un-American ac-
tivities, and fro gSecretary Ickes
the advice to resign so that "Public
confidence" in the committee would
Soon after the House voted new
funds for the committee without de-
bate and without dissent, the interior
secretary loosed at a press conference
a blast of criticism of the committee's
past methods in which he said that
Dies ought to relinquish the chair-
The committee, Ickes asserted, had
failed to give accused persons the
right to appear in self defense and
to cross-examine accusers, and in
consequence had lost public confi-
"If he (Dies) is sincere," Ickes add-
ed, "in view of the widespread criti-
cism which his tactics have created,
now is the time for him to step aside."
One reporter asked Ickes how he
accounted for the fact that the House
voted 345 to 21 last Tuesday to con-
tinue the committee for another year.
"They (the House) were afraid not
to," Ickes replied.
He went on to say that the House,
"like myself and many others," be-
lieved that there was real work for
the committee to do and that "it now
will do it in the face of criticism of
its past methods both in and out of
Ickes said Dies had picked his own
witnesses and selected "the individu-
als and organizations to attack" and
that this was one cause for criticism.
Louisiana Assembly Ends
in Great Confusion
BATON ROUGE, La., Jan. 25.--()
-Political invective echoed loudly
through Louisiana's capitol today
when Gov. Earl Long closed a special
legislative session in a swirl of angry
oratory unmatched even in the days
of blustery Huey Long.
The assembly adjourned in confu
lion with a lone oppositionist, Sen.
James A. Noe, still seeking the floor.
The six-day "lame duck" session gave
quick assent to all of Long's pro-
posals, described by Noe as "vote get-
The Governor denounced his po-
litical opponents, the state's news-
papers, and criticized Assistant U. S.
Attorney General O. John Rogge,
prosecuting the federal "scandal" in-
vestigations in Louisiana.
He charged Rogge was trying tc
"run our elections down here" but in-
vited him to conduct a "real investi-
gation of some of our politicians."
Alleged Failure Of Canada
To Push War Efforts
' Brings Surprise Move
OTTAWA, Jan. 25. -(A')- Under
continuing attack for alleged failure
to push Canada's share of the Empire
war effort, the government of L. L.
MacKenzie King decided suddenly to-
day to call a quick general election
and proclaimed the dissolution of
Parliament' at the end of a one-day
Parliament was dissolved at 7:07
p.m. E.S.T., a few hours after the
election decision was announced in
the traditional speech from the
throne. The date for the election will
be set shortly. MacKenzie King in-
dicated it should be over before the
end of March, one reason being the
possibility of "heavy fighting" on the
Westirn Front by spring.
Stresses Opponents' Efforts
The premier laid the greatest stress,
however, on efforts of his political
opponents to "create distrust of our
patriotic effort." In support of his
decision to hold a wartime election
he cited the example of Abraham
"As I was prepared to trust the
people to decide on the question of
peace or war, so I am prepared to
trust the people to decide what gov-
ernment is to carry on the war," he
told the legislators.
No sooner had the Prime Minister
spoken than Dr. R, J. Manion, the
conservative leader, renewed the at-
tack on the government's war activi-
War Effort 'Disgraceful'
"The government has handled the
war effort !in a most disgraceful
manner," said Dr. Manion. "It should
have been prepared years ago for a
war which had appeared inevitable."
He charged the government had
called up one division without clothes,
boots or equipment and that one Bri-
tish Columbia unit had crossed the
nation in winter wearing cotton uni-
forms and underwear. Many of the
men wound up in the hospital, Man-
Dr. Manion also charged it was
"unscrupulous politics" to call Parli-
ament together only to announce an
election and try for a "snap decision"
from the people.
The dissolution, coming as it did
four hours after the eighteenth Par-
liament had opened its six session
only to hear there would be a general
election, was without precedent in
Lord Tweedsmuir, the Governor
General, signed the dissolution order.
Puts Blame On Opponents
MacKenzie King made no bones
about blaming his position on "poli-
tical opponents who are seeking to
undermine every effort that is put
forward by this administration."
Speaking betore the House of Com-
mons after the election announce-
ment had jolted the Parliament at the
very start of its session, he declared
the voting shoud be over before the
end of March, at least three months
earlier than is usual.
The Premier said his opponents, in-
cluding Provincial Premier Mitchell
Hepburn of Ontario and conservative
opposition leaders, already had start-
ed the campaign and that the con-
servative slogan was "King must go."
"I am quite prepared to accept that
challenge and go to the people," he
Coordinating the work of several
relief groups is the purpose of the
Ann Arbor Committee for Refugees,
As the center of this work in the city,
the committee provides information
concerning people in central Europe
who wish to come-here, and helps
refugees to orient themselves in Ann
Though not primarily a fund-rais-
ing agency, the committee forwards
money to any relief group designated
by the donors; and through its con-
nections with all national organiza-
tions concened with relief work, it
provides information on any specific
efforts, one refugee was able to get
a permanent visa and to bring his
family to the United States.
Besides obtaining employment and
lodgings for refugees in Ann Arbor,
the committee helps them with their
English, and assists them with other
problems which arise in adapting
themselves to American culture.
Another organization carrying on
relief work is the Ann Arbor Jewish
Committee, which helps refugee stu-
dents from Germany and other anti-
semitic countries, and conducts the
annual campaign for over-seas relief,
held early in May.
This groun of students, faeilty
Graduates Should Signify
Students graduating at the close of
this semester will be listed in alumni
files as part of the Class of 1940,
Robert 0. Morgan, assistant secre-
tary of the Alumni Association, an-
nounced yesterday. He urged all
those who wish (for purposes of pos-
sible alumni reunions, etc.) to be