sir X; y~JAN! :-2',-194th
, , . ,
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
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it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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. Associate Editor
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NIGHT EDITOR: LAURENCE MASCOTT
f The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
The Lion Of Idaho:
A Loss To The Nation . .
W ITH THE PASSING of Senator
Borah yesterday, the Senate lost
one of the most venerable and colorful expon-
&its of rugged individualism and isolation who
alternately held floor and galleries spellbound
with. rapturous oratory or puntured his op-
ponents with poignant and curt accusations.
Unique in his position was the "Lion of Idaho";
as one of the few Senators of this century who
was assured of reelection in advance to any elec-
tiori, and he was,, therefore, one of the few of
our national legislators able to vote or take a
lead in any issue as his conscience bade. When
necessary, he was unafraid to stand alone and
attack any block formidable enough to com-
mand the rest of the chamber.
For more than 30 years, covering several
crucial periods in American history, he had stuck
to liis guns and jealously guarded the underlying
principles of the now famous Borah philosophy.
Since his first trip to the Senate chambers in
1907, he has crusaded relentlessly against all
monopolies and combinations of wealth and in-
dustrial control, making light of all party or
regional barriers when controversies on any issue
arose on the Senate floor.
Through his courageous and colorful charac-
ter, he has succeeded in putting his western
mountainous. district on the map as the state
famous for Borah and potatoes.
IN POINT OF SERVICE, William E. Borah has
been the senior member of the Senate and
has been recognized as its foremost authority
on constitutional law. He has been chairman
of the Senate's Foreign Relations Committee
since 1924, and has in that capacity led many
a stirring battle for isolation, and his stand has
become known and respected in both national
and international circles as the multitudinous
letters and telegrams of sympathy received this
Last of his great battles was waged last year
in opposition to the proposed changes in the
controversial neutrality legislation. Standing
alone with Senators Nye and Vandenberg, his
opposition commanded a flood of sympathetic
letters and telegrams from all sections of the
country, which nearly resulted in a defeat of
No less colorful have been other fights which
he has lead in ,his 30 years as a Senate leader.
After the first World War he strongly opposed
the United State's entrance into the League of
Nations, and it was largely due to his brilliant
isolationist oratory that the United States car-
ried on her policy of professed aloofness to Eu-
ropean diplmacy. Whether his stand on the issue
was best or not is conjectural, but the fact re-
mains that he carried his convictions to the end.
AGAIN IN 1937 as a member of the Senate Ju-
diciary Committee he was instrumental in
bringing about defeat of the President's plan
for reorganizing the Supreme Court. He pre-
pared what might have been one of the most
brilliant speeches of his career, but in the swift
turn of events that killed the measure his at-
tack was never delivered.
In spite of severe criticism from members of
his own party, Borah championed the United
States' recognition of the Soviet Union arnd was
vigorous in his denunciation of governments
which he termed "dictatorshin"
many of his ideals and actions have been fre-
quently criticized, he nevertheless remains a
leading figure in national politics, a man of
definite convictions and ideals who never lacked
courage to advocate and defend those ideals.'
- Karl Kessler.
And Public Needs ---
THE PRESENT session of Congress is
perhaps the most important in the
country's history, certainly the most important
in our lifetime. But this is an election year and
there is sure to be side-tracking of any important
issue which might arouse controversy, and legis-
lators will consider only the political aspects of
any measure that may be presented.
A case in point which aptly illustrates the
danger of allowing, political considerations to
hold sway is the attitude of the Southern Sena-
tors toward the Anti-Lynching Bill which has
recently been passed by the House. The de-
bate there began with discussion of the ques-
tions, surrounding its social need,: but quickly
developed to hot charges that the bill was de-
rned as a vote-baiting measure by the Re-
Last year, which was a quiet year compared
to this, a bill similar to the present measure,
was introduced on the Senate floor and then
began a filibuster by a groupof Senators from
the land of cotton which effectively blocked any
"onsideration of certain important measures on
'he calendar. But this year presents to neutral
America a very acute situation. Not only is the
foreign picture far more forbidding; but our
home problems are still unsolved, the national
debt joyfully climbs to astronomical heights,
the ranks of the unemployed are no smaller
and many other urgent needs still press upon
BUT HERE IS A MEASURE which for' more
than a decade has been filibusteredout of'
the Senate by these same Southern Senators.
Here is a measure that has been sorely-needed
for much longer than a decade< Yet stubbornness
is not only going to prevent the logical solution
to the lynching problem from being realized;
but other pressing plans on the Administration's
urogram will be stagnated until the: gentlemen
from the South have completed their filibuster.
Election year or no, the welfare of 'a sizable
number of America neitizens is at stake inthe.
present session and the political consequences
of a bill should be the last thing to be considered.
-- William B. Elmer.
Vs. Cash Savings ...
HE UNIVERSITY'S conference on industrial
hygiene here last week might well have dis-
cussed the case of 8,000 Illinois miners who are
threatening to go on strike unless their em-
ployers end the practice of blasting with dyna-
mite while the workers are in the pits.
It is a stirring example of an American in-
dustry which is willing to balance human blood
for decreased costs of production.
The mines in question are operated by the
Bell and Zoeller Coal Co., and other associated
firms. Working through the organization of the
United Mine Workers of America, these employes
have protested on several occasions against this'
"on-shift blasting"-a practice which has been
outlawed by almost every mining code drafted
in the United States during the last 10 years.
The Illinois mine owners have consistently
avoided any action in the matter, however, and
the coal workers will undoubtedly be forced to
strike, their only weapon in a bid for humane
This- Illinois incident follows only a few days
the tragic explosion in Bartley, W.Va, where
9 men were. killed when they' drilled into a
dangerous gas chamber. No actual evidence of
negligence on the part of the Bartley Coal
Company has been discovered, but an official
inquiry has been ordered, and a report is ex-
pected soon. "On-shift dynamite blasting" did
not cause the disaster, however, because blasting
of new veins is forbidden by State laws.
Coal mining is a risky business-even with the
most modern safety devices and with the careful
cooperation of employers. Every yedr many men
lose their lives while laboring below ground.
Sometimes there is a mass slaughter like the
Bartley explosion. Without doubt, one of the
most serious problems confronting industrial
hygienists is found in the occupation of mining.
The reason, of course, is that mine owners are
not keeping pace with modern methods.
The best solution can come from within the
employer group itself. Through labor experts.
and hygenists, mine owners can easily apply
proper working hour laws and 20th century
safety measures. Too many of them, however,
are not willing to sacrifice immediate profits,'
event to observe the fundamental laws of hu-
mane treatment of men.
In this cause, the only alternatives are strikes
by the workers, as in Illinois, or a more rigid
regulation by the Government on behalf of
-Paul M. Chandler.
WE READ with some dismay Professor Slos-
son's letter yesterday deploring the -"base-
ness" of our editorial attitude toward the pro-
posed Finnish loan.
While we can fully appreciate the humanitari-
an motives that lie behind Professor Slosson's de-
precation of our sentiments, and while we are
well aware that had there been more such
staunch internationalists as he during the 'past
two decades we might not today be faced with a
world at war, we cannot alter our original thesis
that for the government to lend millions of dol-
lars to Finland in the face of suffering and want
among the American people is anomalous.
We want it understood that our objection
to the loan does not arise out of a lack of sym-
pathy for the Finns. We can and do sympathize
with the plight of Finnish women and children.
We are not cold-blooded. But we see in the
formation of Finnish relief societies and agita-
tion for government credit to Finland a deadly
parallel to the relief "for starving Belgians" in
1914 and America's subsequent entrance into
the World : War. There is no compromising
with our determination to keep out of this war,
and it seems tous that the extension of credit
to either belligerent, no matter how worthy
its cause, is apt to lead- to eventual involvement.
We have been burned once too often.
We should like to make one statement in re-
,ard to Professor Slosson's statement that the
man in the pew who grumbles most against wast-
ing money on foreign missions is not the one who
contributes most liberally to the establishment
of home missions or payment of the pastor's sal-
ary. An examination of Congressional debate
in the past year on relief will show that just
those men who are hearty supporters of the loan
to Finland at the present time are those who
are staunch advocates of governmental economy
at the expense of public works and work relief
Finally, The Daily emphatically does not en-
dorse the attitude of many metropolitan papers
which attack the admission of refugees into the
country on the basis of our having unemploy-
ment. It has on many occasions advocated aid
to refugees and' we invite Professor Slosson's
attention specifically to an editorial entitled
F America and the Refugees appearing in The
daily for Nov. 15, 1938 and a reprint from the
NewYork Times entitled Children in the Dark
appearing in The Daily for Feb. 26, 1939.
- Carl Petersen.
THE ALL-AMERICAN "safety-band" is simi-
lar in some respects to early developments in
international law surrounding neutrality. The
right to be neutral was not always a recognized
right, as small States well know. But as more
powerful nations saw in it advantages to t'em-
selves, they found common ground among them-
selves and with these neighbors on which to
found the now universally recognized right of
In the development of this concept one im-
portant factor is that of consent. This consent
has developed into a code whose restraining
force may be seen today operating as a sort of
safety-band around many neutral countries of
Europe. For belligerents do not blithely accept
the responsibility for violating the safety-bands
That the American safety-band announced
in the Declaration of Panama may lead to an
extension of international law on neutrality is
more than a possibility, despite present obstacles
to making it effective. The British note just
issued on this subject opens rather than closes
the door to further discussion of it. Britain has
indicated that its consent might not be withheld
if certain conditions favorable to British in-
terests could be complied with, such as preven-
tion by the Americas of all German shipping
between their ports.
But it is possible British consent could be
obtained if the Americas simply could guaran-
tee that the millions of square miles of ocean
in the safety-band would not become a hideout
for German raiders and their auxiliaries. It is
doubtful whether this guarantee would be con-
sidered as watertight unless the Americas asl
sumed actual and vigorous policing of the zone;
it is unlikely any mere verbal consent by German
authorities would convince the Allies that the
zone did not provide a haven for German sea
fighters. In policing the zone, however, Ameri-
can observers see the very likelihood of involve-
ment in war which the safety-band is designed
Apparently diplomatic circles in the Western
Hemisphere are agreeably surprised by the Brit-
ish note.. For it does not say that the British
wish to hear no more about the safety-band but
that they are willing to hear much more about
it, if its proponents have something more to say.
What that something may be is a question now
before the American republics.
- Christian Science Monitor.
E ITORS of the University- of South Carolina
yearbook, confronted by the problem of
choosing pictures of the seven prettiest girl stu-
dents for the beauty section, decided to let King
George do it. But now, through Ambassador
Kennedy at London, they have received this mes-
"Isam sorry that His aajesty will be unable to
select the beauties for your annual. The King
is very busy conferring with his ministers on the
war situation and has no time for the lighter, if
finer, things of life."
Smart man, King George. He knows when he
lia rl~th -nna h n hlu hMHnA uithnnt va++inp,
WASHINGTON-Of the many and
diverse agencies spawned by the
New Deal, you can count on the
fingers of one hand those which have
remained unscathed by criticism. And
foremost among these is the Federal
Deposit Insurance Corp., whose
chairman, Leo T. Crowley, soon will
retire to private life.
The public has heard very little
about Crowley. But neither has it
heard very much in the last few years
about long queues of frantic de-
positors standing outside of closed
banks. That once quite common
tragedy has disappeared completely
from the American scene.
Today, when a bank shuts its doors,
it does so as part of an orderly, regu-
lated process of liquidation. There
are no runs, no distraught depositors,
no distressing personal and economic
aftermath. Depositors get their
money immediately and in full up to.
$5,000. Those with accounts above
that figure have to wait for the bal-
ance, but in the end they get their
Unquestionably the FDIC is the
most spectacular outgrowth of the
memorable banking collapse that
gripped the nation in early 1933.
Credit for the success of this great
reform is due to two factors,
First is the Federal Deposit Insur-
ance Act. Passed during the stress
and strain of the early New Deal, both
Republicans and Democrats now ac-
claim it. Last year the Senate wit-
nessed the extraordinary spectacle of
Sen. Carter Glass of Virginia, bitter
anti-New Dealer, and Sen. John G.
Townsend, rock-ribbed Delaware Re-
publican, joining forces to give the
FDIC greater administrative inde-
The second factor is Leo T. Crow-
ley, who has made the FDIC one of
the most vital forces in the American
financial system, and yet who has
worked so quietly' and modestly that
few of the 61;000,000 depositors whose
earnings he has so efficiently guard-
ed even know his name.
How FDIC Works
Secret of Crowley's remarkable rec-
ord of preventing bank crashes has
been his insistence on sound business
No FDIC-insured bank (13,540 out
of the 14,540 commercial banks in the
country are FDIC members) is per-
mitted to pay out dividends until all
losses have been met. There has been
no piling up of frozen assets under
Crowley. Also, before a bank is ac-
cepted in the FDIC it must satisfy
three basic qualifications: (1) have
adequate capital, (2) competent
management, and (3) favorable busi-
If in spite of all these safeguards
a bank runs into difficulty, then, as
Crowley puts it, "we step in and ad-
minister our medicine." In the six
years of its existence, FDIC has ad-
ministered its potent medicine to 310
banks, paying. out more than $151,-
000,000 and saving 860,000 depositors
from loss. And all this has been done
without grandstanding and without
Illustrative of how Crowley works
was the quiet liquidation of the Title
Guaranty and Trust Company of
Jersey City, alarge bank with $21,-
000,000 in deposits. When FDIC ex-
aminers reported that the bank was
shaky, Crowley immediately took
charge and closed its doors. Ten
days later every deposit up to $5,000
had been paid off in full--a total of
$18,000,000 out of the $21,000,000.
In pre-FDIC days the collapse of
this bank would have rocked the city
-in fact, the whole region. Under-
Crowley there wasn't a flicker. Few
people outside New Jersey even knew
Up The Hard Way
There are two outstanding things
about Crowley. One is his courtly
gentlemanliness; the other his quiet,
He was' a wealthy business man
long before he came to Washington,
and he had to climb the ladder of
success the hard way. But there has
been no stauncher liberal in the New
Deal. He has stood unmoving for
the things he believes in, yet he has
never indulged in personalities.
one of eight children, Crowley was
forced by the death of his father to
go to work as a delivery boy in a
Madison, Wis., grocery at the age of
12. Ten years later he not only owned
the store but had put himself through
the University of Wisconsin. From
then on he climbed steadily upward;
so that by the time he was 40, Crow-
ley was head of an oil company, of
a paper supply firm, of a leading
Wisconsin bank, and was chairman
of the Wisconsin Banking' Review
Henry Morgenthau was the first'
to commandeer Crowley's services.
Mm-o-gnthan then was head nf the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
photographic contest for college
seniors. Open to men and women.
Entrance blanks must be mailed be-
fore Feb. 20, 1940.
Further information may be ob-
tained at the Bureau, 201 Mason Hall,
office hours, 9-12 and 2-4.
Recreational Leadership. Women
students planning to take this course
in the Women's Physical Education
Department during the second sem-
ester should file an application with
the Department by February 7. Ap-
plication blanks may be obtained in
Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium.
Conflicts in final examinations in
the Engineering College must be re-
ported before 5 p.m., Tuesday, Jan.
23. See bulletin board at Room 3209,
East Engineering Building, for in-
Room Assignment for Final Ex-
amination in German 1, 2, 31, and 32.
Saturday, February 3, 1940, 9-12 a.m.
1025 A.H., Philippson, Diamond,
Gaiss, Eaton, Graf.
25 A.H., Braun, Broadbent, Ed-
231 A.H., Striedieck, Norbury, Pott.
B H.H. All sections.
35 A.H., Reichart, Van Duren, Pott.
B H.H., Gaiss.
C H.H., Schachtsiek, Philippson,
1035 A.H., Graf, Ryder.1
301 U.H., Wahr.I
D H.H. All sections.
Room Assignments for the English1
I Final Examination, Tues., Jan. 30,E
Arthos, 35 A.H.; Baum, 35 A.H.;
Bertram, 1035 A.H.; Boys, W. Lect.
Phys.; Calver, 1035 A.H.; Eisinger,
W. Lect. Phys.; Engel, W. Lect. Phys.;I
Giovannini, 2029 A.14.; Green, 2203
A.H.; Greenhut, 2235 AH.; Halliday,t
(see D.O.B. next week); Hanna, 42031
A.H.; Hart, 4003 A.H.; Hathaway,
229 A.H.! Helm, 18 A.H.; Helmers,
Martin, 205 M.H.; McCormick, 208I
U.H.; O'Neill, 103 R.L.; Peake, 103;
R.L.; Peterson, 25 A.H,; Rettger, 305
S.W.; Robertson, 2054 N.S.; Schroed-
er, 2003 N.S.; Stocking, 202 W. Phys.;i
Taylor, 102 Ec.; Walker, 202 Ec. We-
mer, 103 R.L.; Weisinger, 302 M.H.;
Wells, 25 A.H.; Woodbridge, 25 A.H.
Orchestra Concert: T4e University
Symphony Orchestra, Thor Johnson,
conductor, Wassily Besekirsky, violin
soloist, will give a concert in Hill1
Auditorium this afternoon at 4:15l
o'clock. The general public, with the
exception of small children, is invited
but is respectfully requested to be
seated on time as the doors will be
closed during numbers.
Exhibits of the University's Arch-
eological Research in the Philippines,
Great Lakes Region, Ceramic Types
of the Eastern United States and of
Ceramic Technology and Ethnobo-
tany are being shown in the Mezza-
nine floor Exhibit rooins of the'
Rackham Building. Also exhibited
are antiquities from the University
excavations at Seleucia-on-Tigris and
from Karanis. Open daily from 2:30
to 5:30 and from 7:30 to 9:30, ex-
Exhibition, paintings by John Pap-
pas and a collection of German prints
from the Detroit Art Institute Alum-
ni Memorial Hall, 2 to 5 p.m.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: A series of 14 fine in-
tenors rendered in color represent-
ing work of the New York School of
Fine and Applied Art is being shown
in the first floor exhibition cases,
January 13 to January 27. Open
daily, except Sunday,' 9 to 5. The
public is invited.
University Lecture: Captain R. A.
(Bob) Bartlett, Peary's great lieuten-
ant and one of the most famous of
arctic explorers, will lecture with
colored moving pictures on "The Arc-
tic in Color," under the auspices of
the Department of Geology, at 8:00
p.m. on Tuesday, January 23, in the
Auditorium of the Rackham Build-
ing. The public is cordially invited.
American Chemical Society Lec-
ture: Professor H. C. Urey of Colum-
bia University will speak on "The Dif-
ferences in Physical Properties of
Isotopic Compounds and Their Use
in the Separation of Isotopes", at
4:15 p.m. Monday, Jan. 22, in Room
dents of the University are in ited to
attend and to bring their faculty or
student friends, Canadian neighbors,
and fellow citizens from Puerto Rico
Varsity Glee Club. Meeting of all
committee chairmen at 3:15 p.m. to-
day in the Glee Club rooms. Regu-
lar rehearsal at 4:30.
.. A.LE.E. Members: Photo for the
A.I.E.E. 'Ensian page will be taken at
4:00 p.m. today in Rentschler's studio
at 319 E. Huron St.
La Sociedad Hispanica: Group pic-
ture for the Ensian will be taken
today at Dey's Studio, 332 S. State
3:30 p.m. All members urged to be
Graduate Outing Club will meet
today at 2:30 p.m. in rear of
Rackham Building for outdoor
program. If weather permits, there
will be tobogganing, skating and slid-
ing. Supper in club rooms if desired.
All graduate students and faculty In-
The Art Cinema League presents
Paul Muni in "I Am A Fugitive From
A Chain Gang," as the final program
of the current series. Matinee and
evening performances at 3:15 and
8:15 respectively today. Special mem-
bership for this final performance
may be obtained prior to the show-
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet at 3:00 p.m. today at Zion
Parish Hall, Washington and Fifth
for a tobogganing and skiing party.
Dinner and discussion period at the
Hall afterwards. Be at the Hall
New Cooperative House: There will
be a meeting for all members this
afternoon in Room 306 of the Union.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room of the Michigan
Union. All faculty members inter-
ested in speaking German are cordial-
iy invited. There will be a brief infor-
mal talk by Professor Hereward T.
Price on, "Shakespeare nicht von
Biokogical Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical
Building, at 7 p.m., Tuesday, January
23. Subject: "Serum Proteins-
Chemistry and Physiology." All in-
terested are invited.
Economics Club: Dean C. E. Grif-
fin will speak on "The Nature of
Competition" in the East Lecture
Roome of the Rackham Building on
Monday, Jan. 22, at 7:45 p.m. Staff
members and graduate students in
Economics and Business Administra-
tion are cordially invited.
The English Journal Club will meet
monday, Jan. 22, at 8 p.m. in the
West Conference Room of the Rack-
ham Bldg. Paper by Hr. Herbert
Weisinger on "The History of Ideas
Method in Scholarship." Dr. H. V. S.
Ogden will act as critic.
Botanical Journal Club will meet
Tuesday, Jan. 23, at 7:30 p.m. in
Room N.S. 1139. Reports: "Recher-
ches sur le Gnomonia Ulmea (Schw.)
Thum," by James MeCranie. "Pa-
pers on Genetics of Neurospora," by
Jose V. Santos. "Papers on Water-
melon Pythiunms and Classification of
Viruses," by W. C. Sherman. "Sexu-
al Hormones in Achlya," by J. R.
Chairmen: Professor L. E. Weh-
meyer, Professor F. K. Sparrow.
A.I.E.E. Meeting on Tuesday, Jan.
23, at 8:00 p.m. in Room 305 Michi-
gan Union. Jerry Wiesner will dis-
cuss "Frequency Modulation." An-
nual election of officers.
Iota Alpha, Beta Chapter, will hold
an initiation banquet on Tuesday eve-
ning, Jan. 23, at 6:30 p.m. at the
Michigan Union. Speaker: Lt. Col.
Basil Edwards. Reservations should
be in by Tuesday noon.
Fellowship of Reconciliation: Regu-
lar meeting Monday, Jan. 21, at 7:00
p.m. in Lane Hall. Discussion led
by Ken Leisenring on "Moral Man
in a Moral Society."
Skiing Movies From Sun Valley
will be shown on Thursday, Jan. 25,
at 7:30 p.m. at the Rackham Amphi-
theatre under the sponsorship of the
Graduate Outing Club. Mr. Edwards
of Sun Valley will be tle lecturer.
Women's Rifle Club: The firing
schedule during the week of January
21 will be the same as for the previ-
ous week. There will be no firing
during the two weeks of examina-
IMON BARER, widely acclaimed pianist, will
Splay the Tschaikowsky B-flat minor Piano
Concerto with the New York Philharmonic-
Symphony Orchestra in its Sunday afternoon
-_ .X-Ar~t * Tnv. ) R A