A Long Struggle .
dited and managed by students of tie University of
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NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL X. CHANDLER
The editoials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
CONSPICUOUS BY ITS. ABSENCE
.C was the University of Michigan
hen delegates from over 100 universities as-
wmbled at Minneapolis during Christmas va-
ation for the 15th annual congress of the Na-
onal Student Federation of America.
Organized to stimulate discussions between
llege leaders from various sections of the
>untry, the primary purpose of the organiza-
on in the past has been to promote principles
sound student government. To this purpose,
aders of student government bodies from the
a rious member colleges assemble each year to
mpare notes on not only problems of student
ivernment, but also to form resolutions on na-
anal .nd international problems pertinent to
.e co on interest of colleges and college stu-
Judging by the nature of the topics discussed
id resolutions passed by the last convention,
e feel that the Federation, both in its ideals
id its actions, can present new ideas and con-
ructive criticism pertinent to the interest of
udent government here, and the University,
turn could add its experience to the common
od of the federation.
CAMPUS POLITICS, in the worst sense of the
term, which was so prevelant on the Michi-
n campus several years has been considerably
eaned up during the past two years, yet we
tve so far seen no semblance of student gov-
nnment taking an active part in student affairs.
is in building up a competent and representa-
re form of student government that our mem-
rship in the National Student Federation
uld be of definite aid. Through the contacts
th other schools provided at these conven-
>ns could readily come the ideas and incentive
cessary to build up such a student representa-
Aside from problems affecting the campus,
e Congress deals also with resolutions of wider
:pe. In this field, it not only unifies campus
inion throughout the country with respect to
ch major issues as America's stand on neu-
ality, but also through its resolution it evalu-
es and integrates the representative opinions
many colleges with respect to these issues.
i STRUCTURE, the National Student Fed-
eration corresponds to an executive council
the student governing bodies of each of the
ember colleges. Each of these governing
dies sends five delegates to the sessions of the.
ngress, who attend the various sessions and
ke part in the panel discussions pertinent to
eir particular campus problems and interests.
Prior to actual affiliation in the Congress,
n-member institutions 'may send unofficial
legates with all privileges except voting power.
Attendance at ,these conferences, if not in an
icial capacity, at least through a. special dele-
,tion, would be of definite advantage to the
iiversity. We feel that it is the duty of the
udent Senate and of Michigan students on-
e whole to exert their influence and exchange
ews with other campuses in national student
derations such as the National Student Fed-
ation 'of America.
Now and then a great and burning question
settled. It has been definitely, positively and
dally decided that the world premiere of the
A UNITED STATES OF EUROPE!
Even a United Staates of the
World! A true World Federation! This vision-
ary utopia is again making a faltering appear-
ance on the pages of history.
Everybody is talking about it. England claims
to foster it; Germany claims to favor it; in this
country more and more writers are expounding
Chief value for this idea at the moment, how-
ever, seems to lie with the opposing armieseof
Europe. Each side seems to be veing for the
suppot of world opinion by espousing the plan.
A few days ago Prime Minister Chamberlain,
in a speech (ironically) designed to prepare Eng-
land for a long war, looked beyond the "final"
peace to a lasting world federation. Germany
counters with the charge that England has
had her chance to effect this plan since the
last war, and that now the Nazis want to try.
TUST AS THE LAST WAR was fought "To
"~make the world safe for democracy," 'so this
war is being waged "to prepare all nations for
The idea is not new. Henry of Navarre, King
of France more than 300 years ago, suggested
the plan. Victor Herbert, famous French com-
poser and thinker of the last century, again
brought up the idea. He was merely laughed at.
Many others have come forward with the
same plan. The League of Nations is apposed
to be a step in that direction. Yet, something
is wrong. The idea seems no nearer to realiza-
tion than at its inception. So-called experts are
quite generally agreed that the fault lies in
the method of accomplishing this tremendous
task of federating the nations of the world.
OBVIOUS DIFFERENCES in language, cus-
tom and gen'eral civilization throughout the
world of course have played a large part in de-
feating such proposals. But the chief purely
mechanical difficulty seems to have been the
breaking down of trade barriers between nations.
Even after the World War, when President
Wilson's liberal principles were supposedly pre-
vtiling, impossible obstacles were encountered.
The peace conferees were talking one thing, and
doing another. The story is told of French
Premier Clemenceaus hotel-room meeting with
Wilson and British Prime,,inister LloydGeorge:
"The Tiger" frankly told the other two men
that complete destruction of tariffs and other
trade barriers was absolutely essential to main-
taining a lasting peace. The American and
British leaders were aghast at the idea, and sub-
sequently the whole plan had to be dropped.
WORLD FEDERATION is not an impossibility.
In spite of rash assertions by opposing
leaders of warring forces, some faint glimmers
of hope for the idea can be seen. Recent Pan-
American Conferences, for example, have finally
decided that "good-neighborliness" can't be ef-
fected "over-night," and American nations are
now taking more gradual steps to improve mu-
tual relations. The fact that these efforts are
being made in spite of the present general peace
in the Americas is another hopeful sign, for
the world federation idea cannot hope for
healthy growth in the strained atmosphere of
war, or of a peace conference immediately fol-
In thesertwo signs lie the chief hopes for
world federation: steps toward this long-sought
goal must be taken gradually; and they must be
taken in a peaceful atmosphere, conducive to
straight and unprejudiced thinking.
Bright promises of rash statesmen must be
taken lightly. We nust not think in terms
of swift and sudden change to a world utopia.
It's going to be a long and uphill struggle.
- Howard A. Goldman.
Robert Fechner, director of the Civilian Con-
servation Corps, urges all hunters to exercise
extreme caution not to mistake CCC boys for
game and crack down on them. It is hoped
that hunters accordingly will refrain from shoot-
ing at any animal that is wearing a uniform.
A moving company accidentally carried a pi-
ano from Minneapolis to Dallas, Tex., by mis-
take, instead of moving it to another house three
blocks away. Oh well, it might have been a
shipment of tractors.
Suspension of leased wire services for racing
syndicates eventually may force thousands of
gamblers to go back to more primitive systems
of losing their money, such as shooting craps.
Thieves skinned three mink and made off with
the pelts valued at $18, although the live mink
would have brought $180. They are probably
satisfied with small but steady profits.
When one looks back upon the number and
calibre of those who perished in the last war-
the Fleckers, the Gaudiers, the Brookes, the
Moseleys-he cannot condone indiscriminate or
voluntary conscription. Surely Gaudier would
have been worth more to the spiritual instability
of post-war France than he ever was in the
front-line trenches. The same must be said
of Andre Malraux who, it has been reported,
has enlisted for tank service (suicide squad)
on the Western Front. There are far too few
Malraux's to spare them for the barbs,
Among musicians, George Auric, one of the
famous "Six" and sometime music critic for
Les Nouvelles Litteraires, and Francis Poulenc,
also one of "Les Six," are in their thirties and
"will probably be called for service." The same
holds for Honegger's pupil Marcel Delannoy,
Jean Francaix, Henri Sauguet (of the "Ecole
d'Arcueil) and several other modern French
composers. Some musicians are unable to go
because of age or nationality. Arthur Honeg-
ger, distinguished composer of King David, etc.,
part of the music for the Shaw film, Pygmalion,
Pacific 231, etc., is of Swiss nationality-al-
though born in Havre 47 years ago-"and is un-
likely to take up arms." Mr. Honegger has just
completed Nikolas von der Flue, a new work
which those who have had a pre-hearing re-
port to be "of sweeping power." Nikolas von der
Flue was to have been produced by the National
Swiss Exposition in Zurich, but mobilization in
Switzerland until the deep winter months had
affected so many orchestra players that its per-
formance was postponed. It has undoubtedly
been performed recently, however, at Neuchattel
and also at Vevey-Montreux. Mr. Honegger's
La Danse des Morts may have its premier in
March at Basel.
Darius Milhaud, of Le Boeuf Str La Toit fame
here in Ann Arbor and progressive artist of the
French people, "will not be mobilized because
of his health." He is now 47 and is living in his
native village of Aix-en Provence. His latest
opera, Medee, had a recent successful premier
in the Royal Flemish Opera House of Antwerp.
May Escape Service
Georges Dandelot was severely wunded in
the last war-he was then in his teens-and
"may escape military service." Jacques Ibert
(remember the music to Chaliapin's picture, Don
Quixote?) is 49 and remains in Italy as conductor
of the Villa Medici. The famous Alsatian im-
pressionist, Charles Koechlin, is now 72.
Since the annexation of Czechoslovakia, Bo-
huslav Martinu, the energetic opera composer,
has remained in Paris. The conductor, Marke-
vitch, not yet 30 ,lives most of the year in
Vevey; he is conducting a complete performance
of Bach's Musikalisches Opfer at Lausanne this
season. Switzerland is also host to Paul Hinde-
mith (Cardillac, Trauermusik, etc.). Mr. Hinde-
mith, according to the latest report known to
this department, has been living in the little
village of Valois, since his return to Europe. In
March he is to be soloist with the Basle Cham-
Though it has been extremely difficult to
maintain performing staffs, to engage foreign
artists, and to obtain scores-the latter problem
being as difficult in America as abroad--the
Swiss have embarked with courage on an ex-
trarodinary season. No less than eight sym-
phony and chamber orchestras and some 15
choral societies are participating. All over the
little Alpine state great orchestral cycles will be
held as usual. Conductors iiclude Hans Muench,
Paul Sacher, Ansermet, Schoeck, Scherchen;
also, as guests, Furtwaengler, Walter, Charles
Muench. Foreign soloists include Thibaud, Ser-
kin, Casadesus, Petri, Schey, Singher, Busch,
Milstein, Casals, Cortot, Rubenstein, Brailowski
Landowska, Hubermann, Szigeti, Feuermann, Se-
There is no time here to summarize the en-
terprising programs the Swiss are now sponsor-
ing. I would only report that Swiss contem-
porary composers, from Bloch anddDalcroze to
Frank Martin and Willy Burkhard, are being
given extensive hearings along with world pre-
iers of the works of Bela Bartok, Ernst Kren-
ek, Benjamin Britten, Robert Obussier, Robert
Blum, Luc Balmer, Emil Frey, Anton von Web-
ebn, Prokofieff, and Martinu. Hindemith's
Cardillac is being given at Zurich; also Mo-
niuscko's Geistersehloss and Benatzky's Do-
By RICHARD BENNETT
(Editor's Note: This is the third in a series of
articles on the condition of music abroad. The
material is taken partly from "Modern Music"
and partly from various sources. And while it
is not possible to acquire information wholly up
to date, yet it is felt the following will be both
interesting and instructive).
SAMUEL GRAFTON wrote a bril-
liant column last week; unfortu-
nately, it did not appear in The
Daily. If you are interested, it was
published in the New York Post of
Jan. 6. Grafton was chiding the
conservatives for their narrow view
of history-they look upon history,
he said, as a series of oil paintings of
dramatic events, and anything which
might happen at the present time to
be inimical to their interests they
view as freakish or nasty. Thus an
employer who recognizes in principle
that collective bargaining has reached
the point where it will "go down in
history" as an accepted technique in
employer-employee relations will re-
gard the attempt of a union leader'
who may be a crook to force him to
employ more mfen than he-needs as a
flagrant imposition. This employer,
says Grafton somewhat mellowly, fails
to recognize that he, the honest busi-
nessman, and John Jones, the
crooked union leader, are "makihg
history" just as much as is a con-
cept such as collective bargaining. A
genuine feeling for the complexity of
history is absolutely necessary for a
genuine understanding of the pres-
ent and of the role which we, nonen-
tities though we be, fulfill in the his
Is that sort of reasoning merely
the well known tohu boh- per-
fumed flypaper to catch the wily con-
servative gadflies? Gulliver does not
think so. He thinks, in fact, that
Samuel Grafton's dicta can be ap-
plied not only., to the conservatives,
but to almost everybody: in particu-
lar, to Hollywood movie producers
and to liberals.
LET'S TAKE HOLLYWOOD FIRST.
The average producer seems to
feel, and quite correctly, that his-
torical pictures are the most impor-
tant pictures which he makes./T Un-
fortunately (which is the kindest way
of putting it), the average producer
sees history as a series of Tender
Moments in Technicolor with of
course appropriate swordplay and oth-
er such elegances. Marie Antoinette,
Elizabeth And Essex, Suez, and so
on and on.
When a producer manages to bite
a little more deeply into his historical
cheesecake, as did Rowland V. Lee,
than he deserves commendation. Mr.
Lee produced and directed Tower of.
London, that surprising film about
medieval England. Tower .of Lon-
don is an example (standing all by
itself it does look a little lonesome)
of how the movies can be used to
teach that history is a matter not of
the amatory technique of Tyrone
Power or Errol Flynn, or even of the
oratorical ability of Paul Muni, but
of the most extraordinarily complex
and interwoven patterns, patterns
which have (if we interpret them
correctly) the most profound signfi-
cance for us today.
WHICH BRINGS US, painlessly
enough, to the problem of the
liberals and history. If you think of
a liberal as at least a man who wants
to do something about "conditions"
and a conservative as a; man who
doesn't want to do anything about
"conditions," then doesn't it follow1
that it is even more important that
the liberal have a feeling for history?'>
If a man isn't ever going to do any-
thing, then what he thinks makes
very little difference.
But it is to the liberals, says Youngo
Gulliver to Samuel Grafton, and not
to the conservatives, that the warn-
ing against oversimplifying history
must be addressed.-
And now perhaps you can scent
the direction of Gulliver's blunder-,
ings. They have a connection with
his last column, in which he asserted
that the American Student Union
had been oversimplifying history
with its aggressor category and vic-
tim category, and in which he hinted
that the Student Union was over-
simplifying history by centering its
anti-war propaganda on the imper-
ialist nature of the British-German
conflict and ignoring the tremendous-
ly important indications of a coming
clash between Russia and the rest
'of the world, with all that such a
clash implies. The ASU has missed
the boat twice; three times and out.
An Extraordinary Request
The United States Navy Depart-
ment has asked Congress to enact
legislation to enable the President
to commandeer ships, factories, and
war materials-"in a national emer-
gency." The bill would empower
him, subject only to available ap-
propriations, to place compulsory or-
ders for ships or supplies, taking
priority over any other orders, to
modify or cancel any existing con-
tracts, and to fix prices at which
the munitions should be delivered.
Federal statutes already provide
that these powers shall come into
effect upon a declaration of war by
the United States. Apparently then
the object of evoking them in a "na-
tional emergency" is to apply .the
powers in time of peace. There is
no standard definition of a national
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Michigan Civil Service Examinations.
The last date for filing application is
noted in each case:
Child Welfare Worker Al, salary
range: $140-160, Jan. 16.-
Child Welfare Worker I, salary
range: $150-190, Jan. 16.
Adult Parole Corrections Worker
I, salary range:$150-190, Jan. 20.
Adult Probation Corrections Work-
er I, salary range: $150-190, Jan. 20.
Also the State Department of Cor-
rections is giving an examination for
District Supervisor of Parole, salary
range: $200-240, Jan. 20.
District Supervisor of Probation.
salary range: $200-240, Jan. , 0.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12'
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday at 12:10 p.m. in
the Founders' Room of the Michigan
Union. All faculty members interest-
ed in speaking German are cordially
invited. There will be a brief infor-
mal talk by Dr. K. Scharenberg on,
"Krankheiten grosser Maenner."
The Romance Language Journal
Club will hold a meeting on Tuesday,
Jan. '16, at 4:10 p.m., in 'Room 408
RL. Program: Abraham Herman:
"Editors and Their Sins." Newton
S. Bement: "Report of the Foreign
Language Study Committee." Gradu-
ate students in Romance languages
Junior Mathematics Society will
meet Monday, Jan. 15, at 7:30 p.m.,
in 3201 A.H. Dr. Eilenberg will speak
on "The Concept of Dimension." Re
'By Young Gulliver
(Continued from Page 2)
Religion and Ethics, L. Waterman,
Romance Languages, A. J. Jobii,
405 R.L. (Spanish) J. N. Lincoln,
Science and Mathematics. J,. F.
Shepsard, 2122 N.S.
Social Studies for Teacher's Cer-
tificate, B. W. Wheeler, 316 H.H.
Social Work, A. E. Wood, 310 H.H.
Sociology, R. C. Fuller, 311 H.H.
Speech, W. P. Halstead, 4200 A.H.
Urban and Rural Community, See
Zoology, A. E. Woodhead, 1079 N.S.
Letters and Medicine, A. H. Stockard,
Rackham Building. For-gradiat
Skiing for Women: Skiing im
tion for women will be given toc
2:00 p.m. either at the Women's
letic Building or at the Univ
Golf Course (Caddy House), del
ing o nsnow conditions. Mrs.
will be in charge.
Those wishing to join this
should call the Women's At
Building by noon for location of
Department owned skis will be
to the Caddy House upon requ,
the class meets there.
Michigan Dames: The Child
Group is having a party for the
dren at the University High S
Elementary School this afterno
DAILY OFFICIAL BUL
Choral Union Members in good
standing will be issued pass tickets
for the Kirsten Flagstad concert Mon-
day, Jan. 15, between the hours of 9
and 12, and 1 and 4. After 4 o'clock
no tickets 'dill be issued.
The records of andel's '"Messiah"
are now obtainable at the broadcast-
ing office in Morris Hall. There are
a few setsnof records availablefor
persons who have not ordered them
Elementary Orchestra Ensemble,
and C201, Special Problems, will not
meet as regular classes today but will
attend Instrumental Clinic in the
Math. 6, 4 o'clock section. There
will be no examination on Tuesday,
Jan. 16; Thursday's assignment will
be taken up instead. There will be
an examination Thursday, Jan. 18, on
Psychology 157 makeup bluebook
is postponed to Wednesday, Jan. 17,-
at 5 p.m.
Choral Union Concert: Kirsten
Flagstad, assisted by Edwin Mc-i
Arthur, pianist, will give the seventhE
program in the Choral Union Con-
cert Series, Monday evening, Jan. 15,a
at 8:30 o'clock, in Hill Auditorium.
Band Concert: The University Band
with Dr. Edwin Frank Goldman, asl
Guest Conductor, will give a concertF
Sunday afternoon, at 4:15 o'clock in
Hill Auditorium, to which the general
public is invited without admission
charge. The concert is given under1
the auspices of the Michigan Band
and Orchestra Association and thet
University School of Music.
Exhibits of the University's Arch-
eological Research in the Philippines,
Great Lakes Region, Ceramic Types
of the Eastern United States and of
Ceramic Technology and Ethnobo-
tany are being shown in the Mezza-
nine floor Exhibit rooms of the
Rackham Building. Also exhibited .
are antiquities from the Universityt
excavations at Seleucia-on-Tigris and
from Karanis. Open daily from 2:30
to 5:30 and from 7:30 to 9:30, ex-
Exhibition, paintings by John Pap-
pas and a collection of German prints
from the Detroit Art Institute, Alum-
ni Memorial Hall, 2 to 5 p.m.
University Lecture: Dr. Oliver
Kamm, Scientific Director of the
Research Laboratory of Parke, Davis
& Company in Detroit, will lecture
on "Vitamin K" under the auspices
of the College of Pharmacy at 4:15
p.m. on Monday, Jan. 15, in Room
165, Chemistry Building. The public
is cordially invited.
Graduate Students and other Uni-
versity students are invited to listen
to a radio broadc'ast of "Mnn" Liv-u.
Tau Beta Pi regular dinner meet-
ing Tuesday, Jan. 16 at 6:30 p.m.,
Michigan Union. Professor Heb r D.
Curtis of the Astronomy departinent
Zeta Phi Eta will meet at 4:45 p.m.
Monday at Dey's Studio to have the
Ensian picture taken.
New Michigan Wolverine 209 S.
State Street, is having Open House
on Sunday, Jan. 13, from 6:00 to
12:00 p.m. Refreshmnents.
A.S.M.E. members. The A.S.M.E.
group picture will be taken at Rent-
schler's Studios at 319 -E. Huron on
Sunday, Jan. 14, promptly at 2:30
1940 Mechanical Engineers: Mr. J.
H. Dillon of the Ingersoll-RandCom-
pany wil be in Room 221 West hn
ginee ing Buailding' on Wednesday,
Jan. 17, to interview men interested
in possible employment with this com-
pany. Make an appointrient Mon.
Michigan Anti-War Committee will
meet Sunday, Jan. 14, at three o'clock
at the Michigan Union. Delegates
will report on the National Youth
The LutheranStu dent Club will
meet Sunday evening with fellowship
hour at 5:30, dinner at 6:00 o'clock,
and discussion following the dinner.
Dr. Abram Sachar, due to illness,
will be unable to attend the events
planned for him at the Hillel Foun-
dation. TheSaturday evening reep-
tion is canceled, but the luncheon and
all other events announced for the
weekend will be held.
Unitarian Church: 11. a.m. "The
Eyes of the Blind Shall See," second
talk on worldly affairs taken from
7:30. Round Table Discussion on
"Inhibitions in Modern Education,"
led by Prof. A. R. Morris of the Dept.
9 p.m. Coffee Hour.
First congregational Ciurch: 10:45
a.m. Public Worship. Dr. L. A. parr
will preach on "Can You Justify
6:00 p.m. Student Fellowship Sup-
per. Miss Alice Lloyd, Dean of Wo-
men of the University, will speak on
"Two Generations Try to Under-
stand." The play "Sham" will be
presented by members of the Fel-
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m. "Man's Search For His Soul"
will be the subject of Dr. Lemon's
sermon at the Morning Worship rv-
4:30 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild group singing in the ILwis-
5:30 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild and fellowship hpur. Speaker:
Dr. Arabella Gault of the University
of Tsinan, Shantung, China. Sub-
ject: "The Mind and Thought of the
+ DRAMA +
By JEAN SHAPERO
DICK WHITTINGTON came to Ann Arbor yes-
terday afternoon and was greeted enthusi-
asticaly as an old friend in new dress by the
children in the audience at the Lydia Mendel-
The familiar success story of the Lancashire
lad who came to London to make his fortune
was adapted by Richard McKelvey and included
characterizations and dialogue that delighted
the audience with their humor. Robert Wood's
music provided pleasant background for the
story, although it sometimes slowed down the
development of the narrative.
To a great extent the direction overcame the
silly canary, while Dick made his fortune on the
cat she forever belittled.
Mary Ellen Wheeler, '4lEd, did excellent work
on the dance direction, as the choruses provided
the most entertaining interludes in the produc-
tion. The general reaction to the appearance
of the University students who danced during
Dick's dream was "Oh boy," and this is a fitting
and complete tribute.
The only discordant note in the play was
the Hindu scene, which employed a song in
which the lyrics did not match the music. Ed-
ward Davis gave a creditable performance with
An actor with true love for his art was the