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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the.
University year and Summer Session.
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use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
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NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Law Must Protect
The Inventor .
"NECESSITY IS THE MOTHER of in-
1 et1n"they say, but the in-
ventor there usually is more motive than mere
necessity behind tireless efforts spent in the
laboratory. For him it holds out an opportun-
ity for profit, it is a way of making a living.
But what conditions actually exist behind
scenes in patent protection. The inventor usual-
ly works for some corporation. He invents some
new device. It is claimed by the corporation.
And the corporation makes all the profit. One
company which holds patents on machinery for
making glass containers received more than 40
million dollars in royalties alone on its patents
in the five-year period from 1923 to 1928.
This corporation, the Hartford-Empire, con-
trolled through its patents the machinery on
which 67.4 per cent of all glass containers were
made in 1937. Its machinery made virtually
all milk bottles, about 80 per cent of the fruit
jars and a similar percentage of packers' jars.
The Owens-Illinois Company with which the
Hartford-Empire exchanges patent rights manu-
factured 29 per cent of the year's container out-
put on "suction process." This left less than
three per cent of the glass container industry
under control of independents.
lNor is this condition unique with the con-
tainer producers. In practically every modern
endeavor. Big Business has taken advantage of
our present rules on patents, stuck in its thumb,
and pulled out the profits before the eyes of the
one for whom the laws were formulated to pro-
tect, the inventor.
Examples may also be pointed out where pa-
tent-law procedures may prolong the control
exercised by a patent owner which normally ex-
tends through 17 years. One citation reveals
that a patent application which was filed in
1910 was not granted until 1937 because of
appeals before the patent office in the courts.
This patent, which had been in use for sohe
years prior to passage, is now effective until
1954, thus violating the basic 17 year clause of
the patent law.
Midst such inroads in the spirit of the now
existing law, there is much clamor for a change.
Some advocate a shortened period of patent
protection, others believe that placing a tax on
an invention five years after the patent is applied
for will solve the present problems, and still
others would do away with the patent system
One thing is certain. The inventor must be
rewaded for his efforts. But the question arises
as to whether these changes will actually do what
the present laws were designed to accomplish.
Will such laws limit the monopoly period by the
inventor to the number of years established by
the law and will they guarantee that just profit
will be given to the inventor whose time and
labor it was which actually made the advance-
ment to civilization?
The world is full of eager enthusiasts who are
ready at the least provocation to proclaim the
need for complete revision of laws. However,
to insure protection to the inventor, what we
need is not so much new laws, as the strict appli-
cation of those now exitsing. The law must
"crack down" on the powers exerted by Big Busi-
ness to deprive the inventor of the fruits of his
enterprise and strengthen the clause which
limits the protection period to 17 years.
-Elizabeth M. Shaw
By RICHARD BENNETT
There is something so stimulating in a pro-
gram of music of our own day that it is surpris-
ing how Americans can continue to tolerate the
musty material submitted to them daily over the
radio and on the concert stage. The kind of
music we ought to want is the kind which shocks
us, arouses our anger, affords us something to
discuss-not as we discuss historical events and
their significance (though that is good too), but
as we would discuss the ideology of Signor Mus-
solini or the innovations of M. Picasso. We ought
to want, in other words, the kind of music which
makes us take a stand, a very definite stand,
on the problems of present world-culture. And
music can do that just as surely as any of the
other art-forms. All we need to do is demand
that it be given to us, fast as it comes from the
The Boston Symphony Orchestra's recitals,
at least as long as they have been under the
guidance of Mr. Koussevitzky, are indeed a
healthful influence in pointing the way toward
what the modern symphony orchestra's pro-
gram should be like. And, as a by-the-way, how
such programs should be rendered.
The Mozart C Major Symphony was played as
though a philosopher had inscribed the score
between the lines of the "Critique of the Pure
Reason." Who is to say that this is not all to
the good? For is there anyone who will deny
that the amazing Austrian wrote a deeper music
than most of his interpreters give him credit
for having done. Mr. Koussevitzky's rendition
was unquestionably scholarly and imbued with
a conscious endeavor to maintain that severe
concentration upon the pure musical thought
which is accomplished by the select few.
Actual listening to the Harris Symphony made
our review of Wednesday sound like a dormant
understatement. One wonders what we have
missed of the land we are living in, if Mr. Harris'
work is an expression of its wide tragic beauty.
Mr. Koussevitzky held the long lines out solidly
and saved the center from any impressionistic
muddling. It was the high point on the pro-
gram and was rendered as such.
"Peter and the Wolf" of Prokofieff was truly
unique. It was not the idea of it so much as
the way the music worked into the "plot." The
orchestra kept the music intact-a none too
easy task when music is written in fragments
and yet implies a running continuity through-
out-but chief credit must go to Mr. Richard
Hale as the narrator. Both in inflection and
bodily movement he fitted the narration in with
the music so sympathetically that the illusion
The Ravel "Daphnis and Chloe" was done
with extreme sensitiveness, while the vigor em-
ployed in the Danse formed a fitting climax to a
thoroughly enjoyable and significant evening.
ftfeemj' ,lo )Me
THERE ARE many things wrong with snow.
It gets down the back of your neck and,
besides, it's escape stuff. Probably no other
substance in the world carries on such a double-
barreled function of com-
forting and irritating with
the self-same flakes. Every
now and then some author
goes away on the ice to ru-
minate and avoid the tele-
phone and hit upon a great
philosophy. But what hap-
pens is merely hibernation.
The first person singular
hangs suspended like a
giant icicle all through the proceedings. You
cannot freeze an ego out of any narrative, which
is probably 'the reason why cold weather is so
bad for columnists. Iceland, in all its long his-
tory, has never known a good newspaper colum-
nist. Georgia has produced a whole parcel. And
so when the swans of the sky begin to festoon
my inclined head and typewriter with feathers,
I practically give up and say to myself, "This
will just be one to hold the franchise."
AFTER ALL, even if you work your fingers to
the bone during a blizzard, the whole thing
is likely to turn out just another "Snow-Bound."
It always discourages me when I cannot follow
my copy clear through to its practical final ren-
dezvous in the composing room.
Once I sent a newspaper essay by carrier
pigeon and I remember, it was a piece written in
favor of the five-day 40-hour week and the bird
gave me a dirty look as if to say that its own
working standards were less equitable. At any
rate, it finally made a forced landing in the
Hudson just off Tarrytown, and so the whole
experiment had to be set down as a failure.
A man is a fool, of course, if he remains un-
satisfied when some kind neighbor offers to
mush his copy out and take it to the telegraph
office. But in such cases it is a pretty good idea
to add at least two carbon copies of everything
in the original message because the dogs some-
times become ravenous and will even eat up stuff
on industrial unionism.
Moreover, hot or cold, I have one complaint
against telegraph operators. Not for the world
would I emphasize it too much, since these boys
of the bulldog breed have frequently saved both
my life and my reputation.
REMEMBER now. They're against puns.
WASHINGTON-As far as the Republican
Executive Committee is concerned, you can put
down these dates and place for the party's 1940
Chicago, July 15 OOr 22
FINAL DECISION is up to the National Com-
mittee, which will meet in Washington in
late January or early February. But in the secret
deliberations of the Executive Committee last
week, sentiment was practically unanimous for
the above set-up.
The leaders favored Chicago because of its
central location, plus the fact that it is neutral
territory, since Illinois has no favorite son. Also,
it is in the heart of the farm
belt, which the Republicans
are convinced will be the
major battlefield of the cam-
The July dates were a com-
promise. The GOP chiefs
...:abandoned hope of holding
their convention after the
Democrats. They saw in
Roosevelt's suggestion that
both parties delay selecting
their tickets until late August or September, an
ultimatum that the Democrats intended to stall
until fall. The Republicans can't wait that long,
since the offensive is up to them.
At the same time they didn't want to pick a
date that would give Roosevelt a chance to crow.
July 15 or 22 meets this requirement, and unless
something unforeseen develops at the National
Committee session to upset the plan, such a date
will be adopted.
Note: Republican chiefs believe that if they
meet late in July, the Democrats will hold their
convention early in August.
DESPITE his disclaimers of any special plan
regarding the $254,000 Finnish debt pay-
ment, the President will make a specific recom-
mendation to Congress on what to do with it.
He will propose that the money be returned to
the "people of Finland" to
help them repair the rav-
ages committed by Russianq
The President wants the
fund used in such a way as to
make it clear to the rulers of
Moscow that the American
people condemn their brutal
attack on a small and peace-
ful neighbor.' His recon-
mendation will be made in a. '
sqrecia message following the budgetnessage
Note: Several Congressmen are reported to
be planning to jump the gun on Roosevelt on
the first day of the session by introducing bills
for the return of the Finnish money.
Fin is I- Mnister
TO THE FACT that Finland pays her debt,
add the fact that she has a Minister in
Washington who is extremely popular with th
Hjalmar Procope did something the other day
which newsmen have not seen since the days of
Irish Minister Michael MacWhite. After a
conference with State Departmental officials,
instead of scurrying off to his car as most diplo-
mats do, he came to the press room for a chat.
He shooks hands genially all around, sat down'
on the couch amid a litter of newspapers, and
offered himself for questions.
He kept his good humor even when someone
asked him if the new Communist government
at Terijoki was representative'of all Finland.
"Good Lord, no!" he said, and took out a pocket
atlas to illustrate its signficance.
He thanked everybody when he went away'
then bobbed back to say he would like to have
any late news that might come in that evening.
Go West, Girls
F YOU are looking for a husband, don't come
to Washington. That is the advice drawn
from a study of census figures, which show that
there are 100 women to 89.8 men in the District
Probably this advice doesn't apply to those
who whirl in the upper brackets of social Wash-
ington. The debutante with a good family
background and a fairly fat bankroll can always
make off with a young diplomat, an eligible man
about town, or if worst comes to worst, a young
In fact, many doting mammas bring their
daughters to Washington expressly for the pur-
pose of exposing them to its social and diplo-
mnatic glamour. And many foreign offices, in
turn, send their young diplomats to Washington
to let them look over the field of American heir-
But for the everyday run of Washington
womanhood, the Census Bureau is right. The
Capital of the United States is no happy hunte
ing ground for husbands.
Note: The Census Bureau also says that the
highest percentage of marriageable men is con-
centrated west of the Mississippi, especially in
the Rocky Mountain area. Nevada, with 40 per
cent more single men than women, is not only
the easiest place to lose a husband, but to catch
one. Wyoming, Montana, and Arizona have the
next highest surplus of men.
Secret Landing Fields
IT IS SUPPOSED to be a military secret, but
the Russians have built a series of strategic-
ally important air bases reaching through Tur-
By EDWARD W. BLAKEMAN
A MERRY CHRISTMAS-So wish-
ing we unite with humanity at+
its heart. The Jewish idea of a
Mesiah was man's announcement1
that the Golden Age lies ahead, not
behind us. Jesus is welcomed by the
Christians as the assurance that God
is giving himself to perfect humanity.
This is the Christmas which the in-
tellectual will celebrate. Also, if he
be'a man of culture, a person with in-;
sight, a student eagerly searching,,
or a leader just developing, he will;
both enter into thanksgiving to God
for life and join in prayer with his |
fellowmen to find the Messianic age.
"Ho, everyone that. thisteth, come
ye to. the waters; come, buy wine ;
and milk without money and with-
out price," says an ancient Hebrew.
The Christian born out of the belief
of the Jews repeats from Luke's Gos-
pel: "And this shall be a sign unto
you: Ye shall find a babe--and sud-
denly there was the angel a multitude
of the heavenly host praising God
"Glory to God in the highest,
And on earth peace, good will
HERE,then is the appeal which
holds our western world together.
Beneath the broken tongues, be-
neath the quarrels of brothers or
races, beneath the struggle of old in-I
stitutions with new ideas and inven-
tions, beneath all the misunderstand-
hags, parties, ideaologies, plots, and
open wars of violence is that common
sentiment, our religion, namely--Our1
Golden Age Ahead.
rTHE Christmas Perspectives is in-
teresting chiefly for its preten-
sions. It is put together as a kind of
cosmopolitan magazine, stories, es-
says, generous printings of poetry,
and a book section reviewing books'
of special interest and some not dis-
cussed in the ordinary literary maga-
zines. The illustrations help give a
somewhat sophisticated character.
But the content of the magazine
represents no such unified aim as all
this suggests. What is written here
comes from three or four different
The first story, For Each a Dawr,
is an interesting effort through a
rhythmic prose style to find some
clean perception that will justify the
stress of a muddy emotionalism, im-
provisations on a mood to find the
illuminating tune. It is the right at-
tempt, but I do not know that it
makes a story. What the author was
searching for, I take it, was the kind
of precision that comes only when
words are arranged in verse. The
purpose being insecure, what results
inevitably is diffuseness. And this
even more seriously is the problem
of the story of the death of a man
and a dog, A Tail of Pluto. Here the
subject fits the narrative way of
writing better. But to be effective
the presentation of a grotesque sav-
agery has to be informed by some
respect for sanity, and grotesqueness
in itself comes out of no central pat-
tern of thought or feeling.
THE second world is that of I've
Found a Very Nice Girl. Stories
like this at Michigan are apparently
written away from the literary circles,
perhaps between cokes at the Parrot.
It is the more usual undergraduate
world, not very critical but essentially
decent, and it is written about in
that most refreshing of young emo-
tions, detachment. It is here that
people occasionally laugh.
Then there are the three essays
on the present world crisis. Promise
and Performance seems to me to
present rather admirably the way in
which institutions corrupt liberalism.
America Enters the War is highly
informative and acute and occasion-
ally urbane, and this last quality is
rare in the social criticismhwritten
on the campus. The essay here, for
instance, which criticizes the twenty-
fifth anniversary number of the New
Republic is in a high prophetic strain,
anA what is meant to be incisive an-
alysis rests on no clearly indicated
The poetry is perhaps the most
successful part. There are several
places in The Hour of Change where
a clean indignation so informs the
lines that the meaning is sharp and
clear and moving. If the poem as a
whole is not successful, it with the
others reveals a discipline of crafts-
manship that is much surer than is
to be found in any other of the writ-
THIS ISSUE of Perspectives pre-
sents variety, and not a clique.
As a group these writers belong to no
school except as their individual
tastes draw them to write after the
inspiration of Steinbeck, Farrell,
Soule, etc., and these models are
such their followers can hardly pro-
fit by the discipline of language and
thought that is ordinarily available
for the members of a school of writ-
ing. And since these writers do not
constitute a school there is not the
opportunity for conflict and agree-
12 o'clock (and also from 2 to 5
o'clock) in the auditorium of the
University High School. Students
having Saturday morning classes may
take the examination in the after-
noon. Printed information regard-
ing the examination may be secured
in the School of. Education office.
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-
amination: All students expecting to
do directed teaching next semester
are required to pass a qualifying ex-
amination in the subject which they
expect to teach. This examination
will be held on Saturday, Jan. 6, at
1 p.m. Students will meet in the
auditorium of the University High
School. The examination will con-
sume about four hours' time; prompt-
ness is therefore essential.
Dictaphone Station will be open
fter 3 p.m. on Friday, Dec. 22, only
to receive work, and will be closed
on Saturday morning, Dec. 23, for
The Station will remain open on
all other days during the University
Christmas Vacation. It will be ap-
preciated if those desiring work to
be completed during the first week
of the new year will leave their copy
with instructionc before Dec. 22.
Paintings by William Gropper and
prints by the Associated Anmerican
Artists shown in West Gallery, Al-
umni Memorial Hall, daily, 2-5, until
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2) Dec. 15. Auspices of Ann Arbor Art
given on Saturday, Jan. 6, from 9 to
® 0 0
University Lecture: Dr. Michael A.
Heilperin, formerly of the Graduate
Institute of International Studies,
Geneva, will lecture on "Liberal and
Totalitarian Methods in Internation-
al Economic Relations" under the
auspices of the Department of Ec-
onomics at 4:15 p.m. on Friday, Jan.
5, 1940, in the Rackham Lecture
Hall. The public is cordially invited.
Phi Eta Sigma: Keys for new in-
itiates are in Dean Bursley's Office.
Please call for them today.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical Bldg.
at 7 pxrm., Wednesday, Jan. 3. Sub-
ject: "Histidine and Histidine Deriva-
tives, Occurrence, Metabolism, Sig-
nificance." All interested are invited
Graduate Outing Club: Meetings
will be arranged during the vacation
period if there is sufficient interest.
All graduate students and faculty are
invited to participate. For further
information, phone Abe Rosenzweig
Women's Rifle Club: No meeting on
Wednesday or Thursday, Jan. 3 and
4. Next meeting on Monday, Jan. 8.
Michigan Dames: General meeting
Wednesday, Jan. 3, 8 o'clock, at the
First Semester, 1939-1940-College of Literature, Science, and the Arts
Time of Exercise Time of Examination
Mon. at 8 Mon., Feb. 5, 9-12
Mon. at 9 Fri., Feb. 2, 9-12
Mon. at 10 Wed., Jan. 31, 9-12
Mon. at 11 Mon., Jan. 29, 9-12
Mon. at 1 Tues., Feb. 6, 2-5
Mon. at 2 Mon., Jan. 29, 2-5
Mon. at 3 Tues., Feb. 6, 9-12
Tues. at 8 Mon., Feb. 5, 2-5
Tues. at 9 Tues., Jan. 30 2-5
Tues. at 10 Wed., Jan. 31, 2-5
Tues. at 11 3 Tues., Jan. 30, 9-12
Tues. at 1 Wed., Feb. 7, 9-12
Tues. at 2 Fri., Feb. 2, 2-5
Tues. at 3 Thurs., Feb. 1, 9-12
No. Time of Examination
1 Sat., Feb. 3, 9-12
II Sat., Feb. 3, 2-5
III Sat., Jan. 27, 2-5
IV Thurs., Feb. 1, 2-5
German 1, 2, 31, 32.
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32.
Zoology 1. Botany 1.
Psychology 31. Music 1.
French 1, 2, 11, 31, 32,
41, 71, 111,112, 153.
Speech 31, 32.
Pol. Science 1, 2, 51, 52.
English I shall be examined on Tuesday, Jan. 30, 2-5.
English 30 shall be examined on Friday, Feb. 2, 9-12.
Economics 51, 52, 53, and 101 shall be examined on Thursday,
Feb. 1, 9-12.
It shall be understood that classes entitled to the regular examina-
tion periods shall have the right-of-way over the above-mentioned
irregular examinations and that special examinations will be provided
for students affected by such-conflicts by the courses utilizing the
irregular examination periods.
Any deviation from the above schedule may be made only by mutual
agreement between students and instructor and with the approval of
the Examination Schedule Committee.
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
College of Engineering
SCHE DULE OF EXAMINATIONS
Jan. 27 to Feb. 7, 1940
NOTE: For courses having both lectures and quizzes, the Time of
Exercise is the time of the first lecture period of the week; for courses
having quizzes only, the Time of Exercise is the time of the first quiz
Drawing and laboratory work may be continued through the exami-
nation period in amount equal to that normally devoted to such work
during one week:
Certain courses will be examined at special periods as noted below
the regular schedule. All cases of conflicts between assigned exami-
nation periods should be reported for adjustment to Professor D. W.
McCready, Room 3209 East Engineering Building, before January 24.
To avoid misunderstandings and errors, each student should receive
notification from his instructor of the time and place of his appearance
in each course during the period of January 27 to February 7.
No single course is permitted more than four hours of examination.
No date of examination may be changed without the consent of the
Time Of Exercise Time of Examination
(at 8 Monday, Feb. 5 8-12
(at 9 Friday, Feb. 2 8-12
(at 10 Wednesday, Jan. 31 8-12
MONDAY (at 11 Monday, Jan. 29 8-12
(at 1 Tuesday, Feb. 6 2-6
(at 2 Monday, Jan. 29 2-6
(at 3 Tuesday, Feb. 6 8-12
Monday, Feb. 5
Tuesday, Jan. 30
Wednesday, Jan. 31
Tuesday, Jan. 30
Wednesday, Feb. 7
Friday, Feb. 2
Thursday, Feb. 1
E.M. 1, 2; C.E. 2; German; Spanish 'Saturday, Feb. 3