THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
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CicAGO BOSTONd LOS-ANGELES - rsA F9r4ANCISCo
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939.40
about three months after the war had started.
The figures show that today we are even more
friendly toward the English and French than
in 1914, although, even then, public sympathy
was bent heavily toward them.
But the most important conclusions that may
possibly be drawn from these comparative are
twofold. We have not got the large neutral bloc
today who show little or no feeling either way,
except possibly in the college group. And it is
doubtful whether we have the large group of
editors, who have great influence in shaping
public opinion, in that same neutral group.
THUS, it can be seen that today we are tread-
ing on dangerous ground. Justifiedly or not,
we incline to one side of the conflict. In 1914, a
people less partial than we started to increase its
animus toward one side, and later plunged itself
into the conflict. Today, we are much farther
along in our pro-ally sentiment and there is not
as large a neutral group today to stabilize us. We
know that overwhelming sentiment for one side
exists. But we must realize that it is only
sentiment, and that sentiment is often illogical.
At any rate, it is our duty today to make sure
that it does not involve us in war.
1 NEVER thought I would be forced to throw
my hat and cuffs into the air in praise of any
Of course,"from time to time there have been
cinema shows which were mildly diverting.
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr
John N. Canavan
. Sports Editor
Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
. Jane Mowers
. Harriet S. Levy
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: ALVIN SARASOHN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
1914And ..1939 .
P OPULAR SURVEYS and polls at-
tempting to catalog the present sen-
timent of the American people as to their sym-
pathies with the countries now embroiled in the
European war all seem to approximate thesame
results. The ability of such polls to gauge cor-
rectly the sentiments .of this country has been
proven over and over, with a few exceptions,
and thus today we find ourselves looking toward
them when we wish to know just how public
opinion shapes up. By means of these polls, we
attempt, not unnaturally, to obtain a glimpse of
the future and take the evidence of these polls
for what it is worth, of course. And so it is with
the polls on war sympathies.
The interesting point here, however, is the
fact that we have something with which to com-
pare these war polls and by which we may
measure their significance to some extent, al-
though with reservation. This basis for com-
parison is a poll which the once popular Literary
Digest took during the early months of the
first World War, thus antedating the present
polls by many years. This poll, which should
not be confused with the now notorious Literary
Digest straw votes culminating in the disastrous
forecast of the Presidential results in 1936, was
carried out without any partiality or editorializ.
ing in the magazine's Nov. 14, 1914 issue. The
editors presented, without comment other than
simple explanations of the figures, the results
of a poll of 367 editors of independent news-
papers throughout the country.
HE EDITORS of these papers, representing
every section of the country, were asked,
first, to give their own opinion and, second, to
give as nearly as possible the opinions of their
readers. While there may seem to be a fault
here in the system, it worked out rather well,
since the results from individual localities show
that often editors and readers were of quite
The question asked the editors to report sym-
pathies with the sides fighting in the War.
There were 367 replies. Editors' sympathies
Hope the Allies win .......... 28.6
Hope Germany wins ..........5.5
Neutral .................... 65.9
Sympathies of their readers were:
Hope the Allies win .......... 51.5
Hope Germany wins.........10.4
Neutral or divided...........38.1
NOW, contrast these figures taken by the
Gallup poll of Oct. 22, 1939 of sympathies
of the American people in the new war that is
now raging in Europe. -To the question: "Which
side do you want to see win the war?" the Gallup
system got the following results:
The Allies............ 84 per cent
Germany .............2 per cent
Neutral and No Opinion 14 per cent
The Fortune Survey of November 1939 got
the .following results to the question: "Whichi
Side Would You Like To See Win?"
England, France and Allies....... 84.3
Germany and her friends .........1.3
Neither Side and Don't Know .... 12.4
A similar question Student Opinion poll pub-
lished periodically in The Daily found the fol-
Some of the younger women
seemed personable as far as
could be judged from their
one-dimensional aspect. Na-
turally, they all squeaked,
but that could be blamed
upon the sound track, the
Academy Award and the
fact that anybody in Holly-
wood who is less than 50
has an excellent chance of
being selected as a Baby Wampus.
The direction in many cases is palpably ex-
pert. Even an amateur can detect that. The
job of the scenario writer is, for the most part,
well done, since most of the men are kidnaped
directly out of newspaper offices. And as for
the character actors of the screen, both male
and female, I have no particular objections to
them. They wear their wigs well.
But until the other night I thought the noblest
thing the talking picture had to offer was some
shot of a snow-capped peak or a rushing tor-
rent. Now I have seen Greta Garbo, and many
of my prejudices and blank spots must go up
in smoke. The lady is an artist.
NINOTOCHKA is no more than a facile farce
comedy, but through the magic of the
young woman from Sweden it takes on over-
tones and background, the tear behind the
smile and all that sort of thing. Chaplin could
do it, but that was many years ago, and I cer-
tainly did not believe that there existed any
other player in screenland who could come up
to the tip of his shoulder.
Always in pictures the spectator gets too
much of a good thing. I have heard of an insti-
tution known as the cutting room, but I wonder
what they slash one-half as terrible as some of
the stuff they send out.
It may be that pictures only seem too long.
Possibly you in the big city know cinema temples
where the seats were not designed for midgets.
Over the door of every suburban picture house
they should hang the sign, "Abandon hope, all
ye of broad beam who intend to enter here."
And so it would have been very difficult for
me to have left in the middle of the Garbo pic-
ture. In order to make a proper exit it would
have been necessary to uproot an orchestra
chair and trample down two tiny tots, a bag of
peanuts and a tootsie roll. All of which might
not have been a bad idea.
However, in accuracy, I must report that I was
glued to my seat for duration by more than the
restraining chair arms which nipped into my
liver. Even though I had been free and on my
feet I would have remained out of intent curios-
ity as to what would happen to Garbo in the
It made no difference to me personally whether
or not she got her man, although Mr. Douglas
is a light comedian of high proficiency. Still,
whether the play ended on a hilarious or a tragic
note, I knew that Greta Garbo would be capable
of sustaining the mood.
* * *
4ND what she did best of all was to keep the
story alive, even when it delved into repeti-
tion. George Pierce Baker used to say in his
Harvard drama course that a playwright must
say a thing three times if he hoped to have the
audience grasp it. On the screen it seems a
greater emphasis is necessary. No good idea is
ever cast aside until it has been trotted out for
at least a dozen renditions.
Myself, I prefer greater economy. I like it
better when the farewell scene is done a single
time and then abandoned. One sad parting is
more moving than a couple. And if the lovers
go on to a fifth and a tenth farewell the thing
seems to me habit rather than heartbreak.
But I must admit that in scenes of great
similarity Greta Garbo "manages to bring some
new twist and novelty to keep the thing alive.
Moreover, I have never been much engrossed
in such sequences as magnify the face of the
heroine. These close-ups cause me to feel the
same sense of fright which Gulliver felt when
he found himself in the land of the giants. Faces
look better when they are far away.
This is not so in the case of Miss Garbo. It
By YOUNG G1ULLIVER
YOU may remember that Gulliver exposed to
the world, about a month ago, the nefarious
plot to run him out of town. Y.G. proved con-
clusively that the Mysterious Powers, knowing
how Gulliver dislikes lousy weather, had made
it rain for a month straight. Now he has proof
that They have changed their minds; They want
him to stay in town.
Please don't write in any letters asking why.
It seems to be a secret. But Gulliver has positive
proof that Somebody wants him to spend next
year in Ann Arbor.
Here's how it happened. A few days ago the
mailman brought a card from the University
which said that it would please the University
to have Y.G. drop in and have a chat about
Graduation Requirements-Within A Day Or
THURSDAY found Gulliver strolling through
University Hall. He located Room 4 with
the aid of his pocket magnifying glass and went
quickly through the door, bowing and scraping
to the various NYA lads who handle statistics
and such. They directed him to an office which
seemed especially built to handle hard cases
The gent behind the desk was really quite
friendly. He got out the old blueprint and made
a series of rapid notations on the blotter-prob-
ably totting up the total number pf D's, which
is none of his damn business anyway. ,
Finally he looked up and said, "Intend to
graduate next June?"
Gulliver smiled feebly and said, "Well, ah, I
was rather looking forward to it. Not that I
don't like the old place, you understand, but
four whole years in one place and all that sort
of thing, you know."
The gent says, "Look, I'm afraid you're not
going to graduate in June."
That sort of thing isn't easy to take, and Gulli-
ver isn't the man to take it lying down. So hej
got up off the floor, brushed himself off, and
said sternly, "You seem to overlook the fact that
I am an American citizen. I shall stand on my
constitutional rights; and I shall most definitely
graduate in June."
"My good man," said the gent (he was really
a very patient guy), "my dear young fellow, you
are not going to graduate for the simple reason
that you have not passed your hygiene test'"
THE GENT then went on to explain, "In 1936
a series of hygiene lectures were given at
which you were apparently not present. Unless
you fulfill the hygiene requirements you will not
be given a degree."
"Ha," retorted Gulliver, "ha, that is easily
taken care of. No doubt a clerical error. I
remember the lectures quite clearly now-Spit-
balls, a howling and snickering mob of fresh-
men, and one ill-at-ease lecPi'er. You see?
"We'll check on that," says the gent gravely,
and he begins a series of inter-University com-
munications, a series which has not ended yet.
It begin with a call to Doc May, who couldn't
remember offhand whether or not Gulliver had
ever been to the hygiene lectures. But he put a
squad of brawny young men to work, and they
are apparently still working busily on the Uni-
versity archives, because Gulliver's future still
hangs in the balance.
NOW GULLIVER knows damn well that he was
at those lectures ,and nobody is going to
tell him different. If the record of his attend-
ance is not ultimately found, there can be no
doubt that vandals have burnt the records which
vindicate Gulliver. Gulliver's wrath is a fearful
thing to behold. The Enemy may well tremble.
Proof that economic strangle holds are 'as
effective as those applied by military and p0-
litical strength was shown further in the recent
bit of jockeying between Germany and Sweden.
Nowhere near a match for the Nazis on the
field of battle, the iron-owning country of Swe-
den called Hitler's bluff and won.
Briefly here are the moves that took place.
Germany asked Sweden to join a continental
blockade of Great Britain. The Swedes turned
thumbs down. Hitler representatives said their
nation would .disregard the four-inile territorial
zone which had been respected since 1779, and
lay mines within three miles of the Swedish
coast. Mines along the Swedish coast in shal-
low water would threaten seriously the country's
Baltic trade. Sweden answered the German
saber rattling with the quiet implication that
Swedish iron imports to Germany could be
stopped. As a result mine fields have not yet
approached the Swedish coast within the four-
Hitler is not often stopped. Time after time.
in the past two years, the Fuehrer has faced coa-
litions, iltimatums, threats, entreaties, armies
and bullets, but has plunged ahead with his pro-
gram, worrying little over the strength of his
opposition. Mobilization of France and Eng-
land only acted as a spur. "Tut Tut" from
Mussolini, allegedly a strong ally, never has
-University Daily Kansan
from Connecticut to get away from the second
celebration. As a matter of fact, it was less a
celebration than a Republican rally-a sort of
protest meeting against "that man in the White
Not even the original settlers could have
I chewed their turkey quite as grimly as the em-
NOBODY is supposed to know it,
but there was drama off the
harbor of Boston the other day when
the Coast Guard was asked by the
Justice Department to hold up three
New England fishing trawlers being
sold to France as mine-sweepers.
The vessels were wooden. Ger-
many's new magnetic mines explode
whenever a steel ship passes nearby,
so wooden ships for use in sweeping
them up are at a premium in Europe.
Attorney General Murphy tele-
phoned personally, asking the Coast
Guard to chase the trawlers and de-
tain them if they were still in U.S.
waters. However, either it was too
late, or else the Coast Guard looked
the other way, because the trawlers
now are well on their way to France.
However, five other vessels pur-
chased by France have been detained,
and their transfer has been carefully
scrutinized by an inter-departmental
committee. One trawler is at New
Orleans, two trawlers and a tug are
at Boston, and one tug is at Charles-
ton, S.C. All are old vessels, and
the Maritime Commission found no
American citizens interested in buy-
Based On Alabama Case
REASON Attorney General Murphy
acted with such speed was the
existence of a criminal statute
against transferring to any belliger-
ent a vessel which is to be used as a
warship. And these trawlers were
to become mine-sweepers, i.e., war-
The statute is based upon the Civil
War case of the famous man-of-war
"Alabama," built in English ship-
yards and turned over to the Confed-
eracy to raid Union commerce. After-
ward, the United States was awarded
$15,500,000 for damage done to our
Therefore the Justice Department
fears that if the trawlers are sold to
France, they might damage Nazi
vessels, and under international law,
the United States could be held re-
However, the Maritime Commission
and the State Department take a
contrary view. They believe that ol
woden vessels could not easily dam-
age German shipping, and that they
are to be used to sweep up mines,
not prey upon commerce.
One trouble is that the French
Line, which is purchasing the ves-
sels, stated the facts with complete
honesty. It listed the ships as mine-
sweepers. If they had been listed
as "fishing vessels," probably there,
would have been no hith in the sale.
Consider Riddle For Post
IT'S a White House secret, but the
one hitch in the elevation of At-
torney General Murphy to the
Supreme Court vacancy has been
This was finding the right man to
step into Bob Jackson's shoes as
Solicitor General when he moved up
to Murphy's place as Attorney Gen-
eral. The President has found his
He is Judge Francis Biddle of the
U. S. Court of Appeals of Philadel-
phia, chairman of the old National
Labor Board and counsel of the 1937
TVA investigating committee of Con-
gress. In the long history of the
federal judiciary, few Appeals judges
have stepped down from their $12500
lifetime jobs to reenter public life,
particularly at a lower salary. The,
Solicitor General gets $10,000 a year.
But Biddle,tage 53, and one of the
most brilliant court lawyers in the
country, is willing. So he has accept-
ed Roosevelt's offer to succeed Jack-
son. The three appointments will
(continued from Page 2)
Dec. 15. Auspices of Ann Arbor Art
Exhibitions, College of Architecture
Photographs of tools, processes,
and products representative of the
Department of Industrial Design at
Pratt Institute. Dec. 1 through 14.
Open daily, except Sunday, 9 to 5,
in Third Floor Exhibition Room,
Architectural Building. Open to the
The Ann Arbor Camera Club's
Third Annual Exhibit of photog-
raphy is being held in the Exhibit
Galleries on the Mezzanine floor of
the Rackham Building. Open daily,
except Sunday, from 2 to 10 pim. un-
til Dec. 9.
University Lecture: Dr. Martin P.
Nilsson, Professor of Classical Ar-
chaeology and Ancient History, and
formerly rector, University of Lund,
Sweden, will lecture on "Rural Cus-
toms and Festivals in Greek Reli-
gion" (illustrated with slides) under
the auspices of the Department of
Greek at 4:15 p.m. on Tuesday, Dec.
12, in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Veit "alen-
tin, Lecturer at University College,
London, will lecture on "Austria and
Gerany" under the auspices of the
Department of' History at 4:15 p.m.
on Thursday, Dec. 14, in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is
Extracurricular Medical School Lee-
ture: Dr. Clarence D. Selby, MedicalI
Consultant of General Motors Corp.,
will speak at 4:15 p.m., Thursday,
Dec. 14, in Rackham Lecture Hall on
"The 'Relationships of General and
Special Practice to Industrial Medi-
cine." Medical School classes will be
dismissed at 4 p.m. to permit all medi-
cal students to attend.
The public is cordially invited.
Freshman Round Table: Mr. Ken-
neth Morgan will lead the group, con-
tinuing the discussion of the religious
views offered by, previous speakers,
Lane Hall, tonight at 7:30. Refresh-
ments and a social hour will follow.
The ROTC Drum and Bugle Corp
will meet today at 1 p.m. in the Drill
Hall at Headquarters.
Alpha Lambda Delta luncheon at
noon today in Russian Tea Room at
The Graduate Outing Club will have
its weekly outing this evening at 7:30
instead of Sunday afternoon. Games
at the Intramural Building are in
Christmas Tea is to be held at the
University Elementary School Library
on Sunday from 6 to 7:30 p.m.
Scalp and Blade will meet Sunday,
Dec. 10, in the Union. All members
are requested to attend, and all Buf-
falo men are cordially invited.
Cercle Francais: Song rehearsals
Monday and Tuesday from 7:15 to
8 p.m. in 408 R.L.
Badminton courts in Barbour Gym-
nasium will be open for mixed -play
on Monday and Friday evenings from
7:30 to 9:30.
Fellowship of Reconciliation meet-
ing Monday, Dec. i, at Lane Hall at
7 p.m. Discussion of Kirby Page's
Book "How to Keep America Out of
War." Buffet supper at 6 p.m.
Michigan Christian Fellowship party
in Lane Hall Monday at 7:30 p.m.
Games, refreshments and a speaker.
Lutheran Student Club- annual
Christmas program and dinner on
Sunday at 6 p.m. Students from dif-
ferent countries will tell how Christ-
mas is celebrated in their lands.
Christmas carols will be sung, and
small gifts exchanged.
Chanukah Party will be held at the
Hillel Foundation on Sunday, 'Dec.
10, at 8 p.m. by the Avukah, student
Zionist organization. A short pro-
gram will be followed by dancing and
refreshments. All students are cor-
Michigan Dames: Child Study
group meets at 8 p.m. Monday, Dec.
i1, the library of the University Ele-
mentary School. Miss Louise An-
derson of the Elementary School will
Unitarian Church: 11 a.m. "Mr.
Dies Comes To Michigan," by Rev.
7:30 p.m. Round Table. Last in a
series of discussions on "Exploring
Liberal Religion," led by Reverend
Zion Lutheran Church: Services
Sunday at 10:30 a.m. Sermon by
Rev. E. Stellhorn.
Trinity Lutheran Church: Services
at 10:30 a.m. Sermon by Rev. H. O.
First Baptist Church: 9:30 a.m.
Graduate Bible Class. Prof. LeRoy
10:45 a.m. Morning worship. Ser-
mon topic, "The Book of the Cen-
12 a.m. Student Round Table. Dis-
cussion: "What Can We Believe About
the Second Coming?"
4 p.m., Roger Williams Guild will
meet in the Guild House to attend
the "Messiah" in a group.
6:30 pam., Roger Williams Guild in
the Guild House, 503 E. Huron. Miss
Ruth Enss of the Dept. of Music will
talk on "The Origins of the Christ-
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m. "The Surprises of God" will be
the subject of Dr. Lemon's eron.
5:30 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild will meet for a supper and
fellowship hour. A Christmas play
"Why the Chimes Rang" will be pre-
First Church of Christ, Scientist
Sunday morning service at 10:30, sub-
feet, "God The Preserver of Man."
Sunday School at 11:45.
First Congregational Church: 10:45
a.m. Public Worship. Dr. Parr will
preach on "Sons of the Day." 5:45
p.m. Students' Christmas party for
i he Michigan Christian Fellowship
will hold its regular Sunday 'meet-
ing at 2:30 p.m. instead of at the
usual hour of 4:30 p.m.
First Methodist Church: Morning
worship service at 10:40 a.m. 'Dr.
C. W. Brashares will preach on "The
Stalker Hall: Student Class at 9:45
a.m. Prof. Roy Swinton will lead the
discussion on "Concepts of God."
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 6:15 p.m.
with supper. Program at 7p .m. in
the Church Auditorium.
Hillel Foundation: Reform services
will be held at the Foundation Sun-
day morning at 11 a.m., The sermon
will be delivered by Dr. Isaac Rabino-
witz on "The Meaning of the Macca-
The Student Evangelical chapel
Services for Sunday, Dec. 10, will be
held in the Michigan League Build-
ing. At 10:30 a.m. Dr. Goris will
speak on the "Prodigal Son" and at
7:30 p.m. upon "The Promised Sa-
vioi." All students are invited to
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Soph Cabaret floor show will
at 4:30 this afternoon and at
not be announced until
meets in January.
Q OME queer things seem to be hap-
pening in the famous Annenberg
$5,000.000 income tax case-probably
the biggest income tax case of all
Everything points to an arrange-
ment whereby the big race track
publisher will ease out of the picture
with a minimum of headaches. 1
One of the most significant de-
velopments is the fact that certain
underworld characters, who hitherto
have not talked regarding other
phases of Chicago gambling, now are
talking. Their conversation pertains
to the operations of Billy Skidmore,
king of the gambling fraternity and
close ally of the Kelly-Nash machine.
Skidmore already is indicted for in-
come tax evasion, and it now ldoks as
if word had been passed down the
line that he was to be put on the altar
to appease public opinion, instead of
ilurp AY Is Adamant
THESE developments 'have been a
source of worry to the Justice
Department For if there is an ar-
Graduate Students are invited tot
listen to a broadcast of the operaI
"Boris Godounow" in the Men's
Lounge of the Rackham Building to-
day at 1:30 p.m.
German Faculty Table: The regu-
lar luncheon meeting will be held
Monday at 12:10 p'm. in the Found-
ers' Room of the Michigan Union. All
faculty members interested in speak-
ing German are cordially invited.
There will be a brief informal talk by
Prof. Benjamin Wheeler on, "Fin-}
American Chemical Society: - Dean<
E. H. Kraus will lecture on "The Va-l
riation of- Hardness in the DiamondI
in Terms of its Crystal Structure" on1
Wednesday, Dec. 13, at 4:15 p.m. in
Room 303 Chemistry Building. The
annual business meeting willfollow
Acolytes meeting, Monday, Dec. 11,
Rackham building. Mr. F. R. Bi-
chowsky: "Method in Philosophy."
Research Club meeting Wednesday,+
Dec. 13, at 8 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. Papers by Prof. T. S.
Lovering on "The Origin of the Tung-
sten Ores in Colorado" and Prof. P.
W. Slosson on "The Definition of
Dictatorship." There will be a vote
on a candidate for membership.
Council meeting in Rackham Assem-
bly Hall at 7:30 p.m.
Junior Mathematical Society meet-
ing in Room 3201 Angell Hall at 7:30
p.m. on Monday evening, Dec. 11. Mr.
Wadey will discuss and operate sev-
eral "Mathematical Instruments." Re-
Eta Kappa Nu meeting in the Mich-
igan Union on Sunday, Dec. 10, at
7 p.m. Those wishing to eat in a
group will meet at 6:30.
Detuscher Ver*ein annual Christmas
party at the Michigan League Mon-
day night, Dec. 11, at 7:30. Each one