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December 06, 1939 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-12-06

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IYv DN SDA-% Y. C. 6; 1939


A Letter To The Editor:Reader Asks For
Clarification Of Mr. Maraniss' Stand

" * """" 10ThJWCATI, " NP"D-=5
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications..
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associaed Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40


Carl Petersen
Elliott Maraniss
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr
nennis Flanagan
John N.C anavan
Ann Vicary
Mel Fineberg




Managing Editor
Editorial Director
S City Editor
. Associate Editor,
. Associate Editor
Associate Editor
*Associate Editor
*Women's Editor
. Sports Editor
. Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
. Jane Mowers
. Harriet S. Levy

Business Staff
Business Manager . .
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Manager

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers

Wendell Wilkie
And Free Enterprise

. . "

American system today comes from
effort to restrict free competitive enterprises,"
says Wendell Wilkie in his article "The Faith
That Is America" in the current issue of the
Reader's Digest.
Mr. Wilkie is the president of Commonwealth
& Souhtern Corporation, the large utility hold-
ing company that but recently sold its Tennessee
Valley holdings to the TVA. Of the evils of such
holding companies the 'Federal Trade Commis-
sion's report, as recorded in the hearings of the
Temporary National Economic Committee,
list : "Pyramiding, attended with the issuance
of highly speculative securities, enabling a few
me4 to gain practical control of vast utility en-
teririses with a minimum of investment."
.Wilkie's incongruent statement can only
bejmderstood as part of the polemic against
government ownership and control in which it
appears, also containing the following: "We must
be careful that, under the guise of 'emergency,'
the powers of government are not extended as
to impair the vitality of free enterprise and
choke off free expression of thought."
The Federal Trade Commission's report indi-
cates that it is not the government, but large
holding corporations like Commonwealth &
Southern who now "impair the vitality of free
enterprise." It is plain to be seen that Mr.
Wilkie is not a stuanch defender of "free enter-
prise," and that his use of the popular concep-
tion of American free enterprise is but a guise
with which to disparage government control and
Mr. Wilkie's warning against choking off of
"free expression of thought" also deserves at-
tention. Besides stating that "since 1919 the
electric and gas utilities have engaged in thE
greatest peacetime propaganda campaign ever
conducted by private interests in this country,"
the Federal Trade Commission's report states,
"Their (utility holding corporations) efforts
were thus not confined to affirmative propa-
ganda but included efforts to block full and fair
expression of opposition views, especially in
books intended for school and research use"
One is forced to the conclusion that Mr Wil-
kie's concern against the choking off of 'freee
expression of thought" is not only fictitious, but
is the misleading use of a popular conception
to create sentiment against government control
and mask the monopolistic practices of his and
other corporations.
Some of the anti-social activities and results
of private monopoly are testified by the follow-
ing quotations from the Federal Trade Commis-
sion's report of the evils of the holding-company
management: "The exaction of various kinds of
excessive fees from controlled operating com-
panies; inflation of capital structures accom-
panied by pressure to obtain earnings on inflated
values at the expense of the rate-paying public;
retaining excessive funds collected from operat-
ing companies as purportedly required for Fed-
eral income taxes."
Even Mr. Wilkie admits, in his very depreca-
tion of them, that the measure and purpose of
government control and ownership are, as they'
should be, humanitarianism and the greatest
social good. "We must not be misled," said Mr.
Wilkie, "because suggested restrictions are for
humanitarian purposes . . ."

The Question .. .
To the Editor:
On Wednesday of last week I attended a
public meeting of the American Student Union.
A film about the southern sharecropper was
shown, and Mr. Tarini, Mr. Furay and Mr. Mar-
aniss urged concerted action in defense of civil
liberties in America. Mr. Maraniss called on
students present to line up behind the ASU in
its excellent program, and there was circulated
a petition denouncing the Dies committee. In
common with some others present, I passed on
the petition without signing it.
At a recent meeting of the Young Communist
League in Unity Hall, Mr. Joseph Clark, secretary
of the YCL in Michigan, explained the new party
line which loyal Communists of necesity must
follow-that the democratic front is passe, and
the new password is peace for America. "We've
got to face the new conditions," said- Mr. Clark,
implying, can it be, the Communazi pact and
Comrade Stalin's Baltic excursions? A mem-
ber of the group at that meeting was Mr. Mar-
aniss, who is editorial director of The Daily,
and who was chairman of the ASU meeting in
the Union Building. As a result of what I
observed at the YCL meeting, I write on the
assumption that Mr. Maraniss is a devout Com-
Now Mr. Maraniss has a right to affiliate
himself with the YCL and we would fight to
maintain that right for him. He has also, I
suppose, a right to affiliate himself with the
American Student Union; but comparing the
phraseology and tenor of remarks at the YCL
meeting and Mr. Maraniss's strictures on civil
liberties and peace at the ASU meeting, a ques-
tion arose. Was Mr. Maraniss acting as an
American intent on defending the rights of
Americans to enjoy the Bill of Rights, or as "a
Communist following the party line?
I am making no accusations. I am asking a
question. I think it is important enough to
ask and have answered in The Daily, in which
Mr. Maraniss regularly advances his opinions.
There have been published denials that the
American Student Union is guided by Commun-
ists. But because Mr. Maraniss, who was ob-
served taking part in a Communist meeting,
also headed Wednesday's meeting of the ASU,
an inevitable doubt arises. The American Stu-
dent Union is placed in a dilemma: Is it what
it professes to be, or is it what a leader must
of necessity profess as a member of the Young
Communist League?
The motive upon which Mr. Maraniss was
acting may become important if Communist
policy changes as rapidly in the future as it has
in the past. The American Student Union, with
its program of peace and civil liberty, is quite
separate from imperialist Soviet Russia. Five
months ago it would have been possible for a
man to be both a Communist and a member of
the American Student Union. In light of the
Communazi pact, the invasion of Poland and
Finland, the demands on the Baltic states, it
no-longer is possible.
I would resent being asked to join an American
Student Union whose meeting is chairmaned by
an exponent of a party line dictated by a cyni-
cal Russian imperialist, who has no more con-
cern for my welfare than for that of the youth
of Latvia, or Esthonia, or Finland. By all means
let us take a stand for peace and for civil liber-
ties. Let us defend the right of our own earnest
communists to attempt to convince us their way
is the right way; but let them be consistent
friends of the American worker and student,
calling a spade a spade and a Russian imperial-
ist a Russian imperialist.
Mr. Dies, perhaps, is not a friend of the
American liberal, and his witch-hunting may
entitle him to his own epithet of un-American,
but certainly no friends of American liberals,
nor of American workers and students, are
Stalinists, Trotskyites, Nazis and other agents,
conscious or innocent, of alien leaders.
The American Student Union should of
course protect itself from the conclusions that
will be drawn by the activities of its leaders. To
do that it can continue to support peace and
civil liberties consistently. Further, in good
faith, it can pass a resolution (1) uncategorically
repudiating Communist support, and (2) un-
categorically denouncing Russian invasion of
Poland and Finland and threat to the Baltic

states. --Robert Anderson, Grad.
Heywood Broun
After watching the New York Giants and the
Washington Redskins at the Polo Grounds
recently it seems to me that the professionals
have pretty much taken
football away from the col-
Not only do the pros play
a faster and a better game.
but they are eminently suc-
cessful in giving every run,
and tackle the old university
try. Not even the Army and
Navy put on a better rough-
house. When a man is
slapped down, not only do his teeth rattle, but
several players who weren't really in the opera-
tion at all jump on the prostrate body just for
There is nothing lackadaisical about the efforts

The Reply ...
The crucial question which Mr. Anderson
would like me to answer is this: was I acting as
an American intent on defending the rights of
Americans to enjoy the Bill of Rights or as a
"Communist following the party line" when I
urged concerted action in defense of civil liber-
ties in America at a recent meeting of the
American Student Union?
First let me make clear some important points
that have been confused by the manner in
which Mr. Anderson has framed his question.
We are both in agreement apparently, that it
is my unquestioned right as an American citizen,
as an editor of The Daily, and as a member of
the American Student Union to urge concerted
action in defense of civil liberties in America.
My motives in this regard are actuated only by
a conviction that America must remain at
peace, that the American people have nothing
to gain from entrance into the bloody conflict
in Europe, that we must prevent our involvement
by continuing to make progressive advances in
our domestic affairs and by safeguarding with
all our vigilance the civil liberties guaranteed
to us by the Constitution. These things are on
the record: I first advocated this platform in
the first issue of The Daily and I have consistent-
ly stood by it. I have no other motives today:
I am in fact more convinced than ever, as the
threat of war becomes more imminent, as the
attack on civil liberties becomes intensified, and
as the liberal advances of the last few years are
negated by a concerted reactionary drive, that
my position is logical and correct, and that
rather than requiring defense and apology, on
my part, requires affirmation and support. My
motives, my interests and my allegiances are
entirely American. I stand with the tremendous
majority of the American people in their un-
equivocal refusal to be stampeded into war.
I feel it my duty and responsibility as an
American interested in the peace and security
of the American people, and as editorial director
of The Michigan Daily to attend as many meet-
ings, forums and parleys, at which different
viewpoints are expressed, as I can; to insist upon
the rights of Communists or anybody else to hold
such meetings, and on the right of Mr. Ander-
son, myself and all others to attend such meet-
ings. I am not a member of the Young Com-
munist League. As far as I have 'been able to
determine the Young Communist League is also
opposed to American entrance into the war. I
refuse, therefore, to allow myself to be intimi-
dated into a repudiation of the right of Com-
munists to express that conviction and to publi-
cize it. One other point in this regard: I fur-
ther maintain that for every American who is
sincerely interested in peace it is suicidal to
reject the support and cooperation of any group,
Communists included, which is actively en-
gaged in the fight for peace. The war forces
in this country are united in their efforts to get
us into the war: if the American people are not
to be led to the slaughter-block it is necessary
that the peace forces in this country also organ-
ize and unite.
I have been a member of the American Stu-
dent Union for two years. I feel that the ASU
represents a step never before achieved in
American student life. It is a coalition of every
progressive force on the campus. The American
Student Union is independent of any political
party; it proposes to unite students irrespective
of political parties or religious faith, in defense
of their lives and liberties. It offers to them
an instrument through which together they
may strive to achieve a better, secure and fruit-
ful life. These are tasks confronting all of us;
these are aspirations which I share with every
American student. It was therefore, as an
American citizen "intent on defending the rights
of Americans to enjoy the Bill of Rights," and,
intent on helping to keep America out of war,
that I undertook to act as chairman of a meet-
ing of the American Student Union in which I
urged a vigilant defense of our rights, our liber-
ties and our peace.
-Elliott Maraniss
ments with all the enthusiasm of old grads. The
man to my left confided that he was himself
limited to a short career in Tenth Avenue Prep,
but he rooted with the fury of one who was

sending Bull Karcis through Mara Seminary
on an athletic scholarship.
After the final whistle blew a group of the
educationally underprivileged tore down the goal
posts with all the eclat of Princeton men who
had just trampled down the Crimson. And
even in the Yale Bowl I have seen no greater
number of hip flasks or freer usage of second-
half stimulants.
Yes, the pro games have all the usual features
of a college contest and many more to boot.
After the second quarter any lady fan may well
have imagined that she was a visitor in Har-
vard's archaic stadium, because no one can
possibly get into the powder room unless she is
proposed at birth and brings a letter from her
As far as the technical aspects of the pro
game go the rooter notices chiefly the vast in-
crease of skillful forward passing which comes
with maturity and a living wage. There may
be a few college quarterbacks who can sling
them almost as well as Danowski, but the col-
leges simply do not produce the syme sort of
receivers. A professional end apparently needs
do no more than get a finger on the ball in
order to snare it. Moreover, the professionals
kick much better, particularly in the matter of
field goals.
There is more precision and greater speed in
running off plays, and when a man is hurt he

demand that Roosevelt withdraw the!
American Ambassador from Russia
has put the present incumbent of
the White House on an amusing and
paradoxical spot.
Inside fact, is that FDR seriously
considered recalling Ambasasdor
Steinhardt some time ago, but the
State Department opposed. And now
that Mr. Hoover has decided to do
some coaching from .the sidelines,
Roosevelt is not so likely to follow
the advice. For one sure way of not
getting something done around the
White House is to have Mr. Herbert
Hoover urge it
Not many people knew it at the
time, but Roosevelt was very much
irked at Moscow during the seizure
of the City of Flint. At that time,
Ambassador Steinhardt suffered all
sorts of indiginities When he tried
to telephone Captain Gainnard, com-
mander of the vessel, the connection
was cut. When he tried to see
Foreign Minister Molotoff, he was
kept cooling his heels for ten hours.
When he went anyplace outside of
the Embassy, he was shadowed.
It is a long established rule of in-
ternational law that an ambassador
represents the person of his chief.
An insult to him is an insult to the
head of his state.
So Roosevelt, increasingly pro-
voked at the Russians, proposed to

Steinhardt, though he did not wa
to sever diplomatic relations.
The State Department, howevl
objected that Stalin wouldenot gi
a snap of his fingers whether t]
United States kept an ambassador
Moscow or not. Only the Unit
States would suffer.
So Steinhardt remained, and r
gardless of Herbert Hoover, the Sta
Department still leans toward ti
policy. They believe that withdra
ing our ambassador or sever
diplomatic relations merely would
cutting off our nose to spite o
face. For they have totdo busin
with the Russians even if they do
like them.
Acting Secretary Charles Edis
who has been battling against e
trenched Navy bureaucracy, gave t
brasshats a new shock the other dk
One of the admirals brought in
report on a ship-building questi
and remarked : "We're all in agre
ment on this."
"All?" asked Edison.
"Yes, sir."
"I'm sorry to hear that," shot ba
Edison. "I'd feel a lot better ab
this report if there were a few d
sents. What this Navy needs is few
'yes' men and more 'no' men. Ini
private business, if there are no d
agreements, I make some. It he
keep everyone on their toes. Y
ought to try that sometime."

Of ALL Things!...
S.. by Morty Q.

THE man in gray wearing a police-
policeman's hat with a Santa
Claus bag slung over his shoulder
went up the stairs slowly, breathing
heavily under his weighty load. He
paused at the top, glared about him
and then bellowed: "Where in hell is
this guy Morty Q!"
The man cleaning the building
dropped the wastebasket he was
emptying and the linotyper dropped
three stitches on his machine. Mr.
Q. joined the dropsey brigade, al-
lowing his scissors and paper dolls
to clatter and flutter respectively
to the floor. "Here he is," he whis-
pered, "How much is it?"
THE postman barged into the
room and stood before Mr. Q.,
hands on hips, sneeron face. "So,
you're the guy," he snarled, "Do you
see how my poor back bends? Look
here, how crooked it is. And do you
know what it's from? Well, it's
from lugging all this mail for you
up here every damn day. I oughta
punch you in the nose."
Mr. Q. rose to his full height,
standing on a chair so he could look
the mailman in the eye. He said he
was sorry to cause him all that
trouble but that lots of people had
lots of problems, and it was only
natural for them to write in to Mr. Q.
for help. And the postman had the
wrong attitude: he woudn't want all
those people to be disappointed,
would he?
"Well, how do I know you're help-
ing- them," he wanted to know.
qO MR. Q. explained how he an-
swered all kinds of questions:
sort of an advice bureau. And finally
it was agreed that Mr. Q. would print
some of the questions and answersI
in the column so that the mailmanS
could understand that his crooked
back wasn't in vain.
So the man in gray shouldered his
collapsed bag and went down the
stairs. And Mr. Q. here presents the
first few letters in his new "Help
Wanted" series.
Dear Mr. Q.:
I am in a lot of trouble and
would like some advise from you.
I am leader of a nation in Eas-
tern Europe.. My people love
me and I really can't blame them
for I am quite a guy. I have
been very much interested in
your column and can -understand
and appreciate how you color
your stories because I used to be
a painter myself. Anyhow, I
have the situation hereunder
control and soon I'll be the big
guy in the world. But there are
two things worrying me: my
stomach is getting too big and I
sweat an awful lot when I sleep.
What can I do?
yours for advice,
Dear A.H.:
You eat too much and you smell
. Q.
Dear Mr. Q.:
I am president of a big state
university in the midwest. I
think I have done a fairly good

student reception teas or both"
or neither?
perplexedly yours,
Dear A.G.R.:
I think the best thing for you to
do is throw the tea bals out of the
nearest window and put in a good
stok of brew. I assure you the at-
tendance will increase no end and
you will attract some of the more in-
teresting elements on campus.
hopefully yours,
Mr. Q.
Dear Mr. Q.:
Eleanor dropped in for a visit
the other day and told me about
your work. She was still a little
excited over the invitation from
a certain Texas congressman
who wants her to come and help
him discover how many of the
White House janitors have a
swastika sewed on their under-
wear. But she did remember
enough of her trip to Ann Arbor
to whisper sweet compliments
of Mr. Q.'s work.
I'm not jealous, understand,
but just to find out what she
thought was so wonderful about
you I had Steve (he's my press
secretary) buy me a couple of
papers that carried your column.
And, would you believe it, Mr.
Q., I too became fascinated by
your intelligent prose and weigh-
ty reasoning. Already my heart
seems lighter and my health is
better. Mr. Q, I'm beginning to
get something out of life again
because of you!
I think that I can talk confi-
dentially to you, and so I'm going
to ask you a couple of personal
questions. I'll never forget it if
you can furnish the answers:
1. Mr. Q., will you run for
President next year, and make
all the boys stop bothering me?
I would quit- the job in a min-
ute if I thought some capable
person would take my place.
And you are the best one in the
world I know.
2. My only other question is
about Eleanor. She seems to
think that she needs a cowboy
suit to go help that Texas ranger,
Dies, conduct his investigation.
I tell her that we've got a lot of
bills and can't afford any more
new clothes. What do you think,
Mr. Q?
I know that I've already been
an awful botler, so I'll end this
Faithfully yours,
Dear F.R.:
I was very glad to hear that
Eleanor was pleased with her visit
here. Somebody asked her if you
were going to run in 1940 and she
seemed to think that at the rate
you're going you'll be lucky to crawl
in 1940.. But that's neither here nor
answering your questions. About
running for President: the only way
I would run in relation to that posh
tion would be far away. As a good
friend of yours, I would suggest that
you put an amendment through do-


WASHINGTON-Herbert Hoover's show his displeasure by recalli

Psychology Journal Club will meet
this evening at 7:30 -pm. in
[the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. Professor B. D.
Thuma will discuss the book "The
Place of Value in a World of Facts"
by Koheler. Miss Penelope Pearl and
Mr. Robert Kleemeier will report re-
cent studies on the "Psychology of
Chemical Engineers: The AIChE
will hold its Fall Banquet tonight at
6:15 p.m. in the Michigan Union.
Harvey M. Merker will talk on "The
Story Behind Your Medicine Chest."
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences meeting of all members making
the trip to Wright Field today
at 5:30 this afternoon in the De-
partment of Aeronautical Engineer-
ing Drawing Room, B-308 East En-
gineering Building. Final arrange-
ments for departure will be made.
Graduate Education Club meeting
this afternoonat 4 p.m., in the Grad-
uate Library, University Elementary
School. Dr. Claude Eggertsen of the
School of Education and Dr. Rich-
ard Fuller of the Department of So-
ciology will discuss the topic, "What
Sociology for Education." All gradu-
ate students in education invited.
Phi Sigma meeting at 8 tonight in
Outing Club Room of Rackham Bldg.
Professor C. D. LaRue will present
"The Green Folk." Refreshments.
Sigma Eta Chi meeting at 5 p.m. to-
day with Mrs. Smith, 1008 Oakland
Ave. Review lesson for the National
University Girls' Glee Club meets
tonight at 7:15 in the Game Room
of the League.
The Hiawatha Club will meet to-
night at 8 p.m. in the Union. The
program will feature full length
moveis of the Penn. football game.
1940 Mechanical Engineers and
Graduates: Mr. F. L. Pierce of the
American Machine and Foundry Co.,
Brooklyn, N.Y., will outline the op-
portunities with this company- at 7
o'clock this evening in Room 348
West Engineering, after which ap-
pointments will be given for inter-
views on the following day.
Alpha Nu meeting tonight at 7:30
in the Alpha Nu Room in Angell Hall.
Final Union Opera Tryouts for
dancing, singing and acting parts will
be held in Room 319 of the Union
tonight from 7 to 9.
International Center program of re-
corded music for tonight at 7:30 is as
follows: Gloria Patri, by Palestrina;
Concerto in A Minor by Bach; Sym-
phony No. 13 in G Major, by Haydn;
and Symphony in D Major "Prague,"
by Mozart.
Women's Rilfe Club: Those mem-
bers scheduled for instruction at 4
and 5 this afternoon please report
at 4:30. If not able o make the
change, call Helen Nutting at 3318.
Women's Swimming Club meets to-
day at 4 p.m. at Union Pool.
"One-Third Of A Nation"-Opening
tonight, Mendelssohn Theatre. Pre-
sented by Play Production tonight
through Saturday. Curtain at 8:30.
Tickets on sale at Mendelssohn box
office, phone 6300.
Michigan Dames bridge group in-
vites all Dames to its Christmas party
tonigh at 8 at the League. Ten cent
igfswill be exchanged.
Faculty Women's Club meeting to-
night at 8 in the ballroom of the
League. The University of Michigian
concert band, under the direction of

Prof. William D. Revelli, will present
a program. The husbands and
friends of the members will be special

(Continued fromi Page 3)
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Dr. J. H.
Hodges will speak on "The Photo-
chemistiy of the Halogens."
Algebra Seminar will meet today
ng Iat 4 o'clock in 3201 A.H. Mr. Savage
nt will conclude his talk, and Dr. Thrall
will speak on "Polynomial Ideals."
ye Biological Chemistry Seminar will
he meet in Room 319, West Medical
in Building at 7 tonight. The subject
ed to be discussed is "Protein-Lipid
Complexes." All interested are invit-
re- ed to attend.
his Botanical Seminar will meet today
W- at 4:30, Room 1139 N.S. Bldg. Paper
ng by Elzada U. Clover: "Botanical ex-
be plorations in side canyons of the
ur Colorado."
n' t Mathematics Club will meet tonight
at 8 p.m. in the West Conference
on Room of the Rackhamn Building. Dr.
n- Margarete C. Wolf of Wayne Uni-
he versity will speak on "Transformation
ay I of Bases of Relative Linear Sets."

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