- - 0
TIMRSPT'IYNO 80, 19,19
THE MICHIGAN DAMLY
s r c n "or- .-- -,a'
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
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second class mail matter.
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420 MDisONAVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO -'BOSTON Los ANGELES *-SAN FRANcISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Carl Petersen . .
Elliott Maraniss . .
Stan M. Swinton. .
Morton L. Linder
Normn A. Schorr
John N. Canavan
Ann Vicary . .
Mel Fneberg .
. City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor
- Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
S Jane Mowers
*Harriet S. Levy
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: ELIZABETH M. SHAW
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Television: An Economic
Question Mark .
ELEVISION has overcome most of
the earlier technical handicaps, but
it stands today at a crucial point in its develop-
ment: it must yet be shown that television can
Future costs of television broadcasting,
according to present plans, will be borne by
selling time to advertisers. The problem which
imnediately arises is how high an advertising
rate must be charged to cover production costs,
and whether the return from the investment
will be sufficient to cover the cost for the adver-
Very often, the analogy between radio and
television is carried too far. It is true that the
problems faced by television are very similar to
those confronting radio in the early 1920's, but
both the technical limitations and modified ap-
peal of television present a more complex prob-
iem to the commercial station which must bal-
ance advertising incom'e against operating cost.
Most decisive of limitations on television as
opposed to radio is the limited range of trans-
mission. For transmission of pictures by means
of radio waves, a wide band of frequencies,
several times as wide as the entire radio broad-
cast band, is required by each station. To ob-
tain such a wide frequency band, television
broadcasters utilized the ultra-short wave zones.
In these zones, however, a serious technical
limitation arises: the range of transmission is
limited to the area between the transmitting an-
tenna and the horizon. The shorter waves, un-
like the longer radio waves, are not reflected
from the upper reaches of the atmosphere, but
travel straight out into space, thus they have
no way of reaching receivers beyond the horizon.
Economically, this means that the entire
listening and "seeing" audience of the transmit-
ter is limited to a comparatively small area, and
the advertiser is thus able to contact fewer
people. This is a disadvantage which hangs
heavily on the shoulders of radio broadcasters,
and since technical restrictions also hamper
network syndication of broadcasts, national ad-
vertisers will not be easily signed up.
Counterbalancing these disadvantages, how-
ever, are several unique weapons of dissemina-
tion offered by television. No longer will the
advertiser be limited to colorful descriptions of
his product. With the facilities of television,
he will 'be able to visually present the merits of
his product, and since eye-appeal is much greater
than even the most eloquent and colorful de-
scription, his resultant sales will be correspond-
ingly higher. "One picture is worth a thous-
and words," the saying goes.
Television transmission, the higher caliber of
talent necessary and the limited range of re-
ception all entail larger expenditures than radio,
but in its unique appeal, television offers a medi-
um yet unexplored by the advertiser, and which
holds for him untold possibilities.
Equipping The Student
The eightieth annual report of Cooper Union,
and the first under the direction of Dr. Edwin
Sharp Burdell, who came to the New York in-
stitution from the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, announced several changes in per-
sonnel and policy. Dr. Burdell lays special
To the Editor:
"There is no place in a dynamic world such
as ours" for the graduate of Stringfellow Barr's
St. Johns, where the student spends four clois-
tered years studying the works of the greatest
minds that civilization has produced. Or so says
Mr. Morton L. Linder, in Tuesday's Daily.
Did it ever occur to you, Mr. Linder, that it,
might be more interesting to read Homer, as
Homer wrote it, than to read what Joe Blow,
A.M., Ph.D., says about Homer when writing his
Doctor's thesis at some American academic
factory? Do you really think that Plato, Aris-
totle, Cicero, Erasmus, Montaigne, Voltaire,
Bacon, Marx, Hegel and Russell (to pick but a
few at random from whom the St. John's man
will study) knew nothing about "political and
social reforms or economics," as you say? Where,
Mr. Linder, do you think Santayana and Stra-
chey, and Laski, and Veblen, whom .you prefer as
"adding variety and interest" received their
ideas? Out of the blue, Mr. Linder?
You laugh at the classics Mr. Linder. You
deride the study of mathematics and Greek and
Latin. You seemingly believe that one can
understand the present only by reading the
books. of the present :and that the past has
nothing to reach us. You dismiss Plato, Aris-
totle, Justinian, Dostoevski, Hegel and the rest
with an impatient wave as being unsuited for
a foundation for "this dynamic world" of today.
Your "dynamic" world, Mr. Linder, is not so
different from the world of your ancestors, even
though the mechanic with the monkey wrench
has replaced the knight errant as the Chevalier
Bayard of the modern world. Presumably, Mr.
Linder, your dynamic world of assembly-line-
production (both in factory and in university)
can best be conquered, if conquer it you must,
by a preparation founded on "modern" books,
on "up-to-date" methods, on "streamlined" col-
legiate education, etc., etc. Mr. Linder, you
sound like the self-made Babbitt lecturing to
the Winnemac Rotary Club.
Down at St. Johns a group of earnest men are
trying out something new-and they are trying
it out by going back to something very old.
They have started from scratch. Rather than
read what Oswald Glutz, professor of English
at the University of Michigan considers a typi-
cal extract from Chaucer, they read Chaucer
himself-and they don't stop with the Prologue
to the Canterbury Tales, either. Rather than
having to wander through the drivel that some
little minds have written about some great
minds, they have gone back to those great minds
You are in college, Mr. Linder, not to learn
all there is to know about this world, this
"dynamic" world which you seem to glorify so
much. Might you not be here to secure not
learning but a foundation for learning, not
certainty but a glorification of uncertainty, not
"culture," but curiosity-intellectual curiosity,
Mr. Linder? And how better can you prepare
yourself for the present than by finding out
what the greatest minds in the world' history
have discovered in the past. The world is not
so changed that their lessons cannot still form
the foundation for our own knowledge, Mr.
-Charles F. Clarke, '40 Law.
Heywoo d Broul
ONE of the most bitter fights in modern Ameri-
can politics has left a singularly small num-
ber of scars. I refer, of course, to the Supreme
Court battle between the President and the Sen-
ate. While that struggle
was on many things were.
said by spokesmen on either
side which were so harsh
that it seemed as if the op-
By YOUNG GULLIVER
GULLIVER wants to recommend the New
York Herald Tribune for good light red-
ing. What's more, he gives you his personal
guarantee that the Tribune of Monday, Nov.
27, has more laughs than a steamer trunk full
of old New Yorkers.
For today we will concern ourselves solely
with page 13 of last Monday's Trib. The out-
side columns are filled with Miss Dorothy
Thompson's cavilling On The Record. Evident-
ly Miss Thompson decided that Monday was a
good day to let the war take care of itself, for
her column is devoted to an attack on young
people. American young people are a bunch of
stinkers. They keep crying about the fact that
there aren't any jobs for them when everybody
knows that there are plenty of jobs. You don't
believe it? I quote: "I cannot avoid the con-
viction that a large part of the trouble arises
from the degradation of standards, from the lack
of self-discipline, from the decline of any per-
sonal philosophy, and from an inner sterility
and depression that cannot be wholly attributed
to economic conditions-that may, on the con-
trary, be one cause of economic conditions."
But that isn't all. "Now, with all the talk of lack
of opportunity, the cold fact is that there are
more opportunities than there are young people
willing to prepare themselves for them. I am
not blaming the youth. I am blaming their
educations." Miss Thompson should always
make it clear that she is a lady, because one of
these days somebody is going to forget him-
NEXT to the Thompson column on page 13
is a screwy article about Father Divine,
with the headline: Officials Shun Divine's Feast
In Sutton Manor. Swing Music Played, White
and Negro Diners Mingle; Boys Raid Father's
Candy. The last two paragraphs .go like this:
"five of the nine owners were present at the
open house-Peaceful John, Martha Light, Har-
riet E. Cripe and Virgin Mary, a spinster from
New York, and Anne Shanewise, of Chicago
. . . The house . . . is tastefully furnished;
the walls abound with pictures of Father Divine.
"The feast was held at a table so long it pro-
jected out of the dining room and nearly blocked
the front door, where a cult member greeted
all comers with a subdued mutter of "Peace."
Father Divine's speaking, applauded worship-
fully by all, was marked by an estimate that he
had cost the Harlem cosmetic industry $125,000
by advising his female followers to eschew lip-
stick and powder."
OVER on the other side of the page is a head-
line, Realists, Inc., Is Formed To Preserve
Democracy. Realists, Inc., which sounds as
though it had come straight gout of an H. G.
Wells novel, is located at Rockefeller Center,
no less, and is going to put out a magazine called
"The Realist." The Realists intend to "uncover
the real cause of unemployment, depression.
poverty, dictators and wars . . ." which would
seem to be a large order. But the boys are con-
fident, and maybe they've got good reason to be,
since none of them has ever been unemployed,
depressed, poor, or dictated to. Founders of the
Realists include the Messrs. Beinecke, vice-
president of Sperry & Hutchinson Co., Bishop,
president of -Sterling Products Co., Carnegie,
president of General Drug Corp., Curtis, presi-
dent of Bridgeport Hardware Manufacturing
Corp., and others.
BUT the doozy is the story at the top of page
13: Baby Being Coached by Metaphysicians
for Immortality. It is illustrated with a nice
big picture (suitable for framing) of six months
old Jean Gauntt lying on her belly. Miss
Gauntt is being raised at Oakdale, Long Island,
under the guidance of James B. Schafer, leader
of the RoyalFraternity of Master Metphysicians.
These spooks, unlike Realists, Inc., are plenty
cosmic. The Trib describes them as "a group
of seekers of truth." Miss Gauntt is going to
live forever, it seems. "She will learn that there
are such things as meat and alcoholic beverages
and cigarettes, but she also will learn why they
are to be avoided as destructive. She will learn
that there is such a thing as death, but will be
told that it is an unnecessary evil." But even
if Baby Jean doesn't last until the 25th cen-
tury, she's going to be comfortable for the next
few years, because the Metaphysicians are well
heeled, even more so than the Realists. They're
set up in Peace Haven, "the 110-room mansion
built in 1901 by the late W. K. Vanderbilt at a
cost of $2,500,000. Its great rooms are opulent-
ly furnished, there are tennis courts, a swimming
pool, a souash court, saddle horses, archery
ranges, a gymnasium and other recreational
facilities . . . It is in this atmosphere that baby
Jean will grow up. She now has a trained nurse
who has had long experience in metaphysics.
When she is a little older she will go on a vege-
A LITTLE further down on the page is the
story of Mrs. Josephine Marino, age 18,
mother of two children, who is in Bronx County
jail after a $30 holdup. Mrs. Marino, "who has
been living on a home-relief allowance for the
last 18 months, wept when Magistrate
Abeles refused to release her on bail." Her six-
week-old son, Benny, will be taken to the jail at
regular intervals to be nursed. Evidently Baby
Benny is not going to have things as easy as
Next ttime. we will take up page 14, which
concerns Prof. Howard Mumford Jones, former-
ly of Michigan.
WASHINGTON-It is supposed to
be a diplomatic secret, but when the
British mission was in Moscow, Sta-
lin gave them an explanation of
why Russia was taking over strategic
points in Latvia, Estonia and Fin-
land. He explained that Russia
feared an eventual attack from Ger-
many, therefore was building up a
Baltic barrier against such attack.
Later, Foreign Minister Molotoff
gave the same explanation to the
Finns. He pointed out that Russia
would be foolish if she did not seize
the present moment, with Germany
engaged in war, to build up a defense
against Hitler. That was why Russia
must insist on taking certain key
islands from Finland.
Whether this explanation is true,
only time will tell. But French and
British diplomats are extremely
skeptical. They think Germany has
more to fear from Russia than vice
This is particularly true among the
British. Censors are not letting it
out, but the greatest bugaboo inside
the British Cabinet today is the fear,
not of German submarines, but of
Communism let loose in Germany.
What worries British Tories is that
starvation in Germany will encour-
age Communism, and that Stalin, in-
stead of needing a bulwark against
Germany, will actually engulf Ger=
This is why powerful influences in
the British Government are working
right now for the end of the war
through some internal Nazi explo-
sion which would get rid of Hitler.
No. 2 Nazi.
And the man they place confi-'
dence in is Field Marshal Hermann
Goering, head of the air force, eco-
nomic boss of Germany, and No. 2
Nazi. Goering had a lot of contacts
with the British before war brokq.
Sir Nevile Henderson, British Am-
bassador, used to go boar-hunting at
Goering's country estate. British
bankers were in contact with Goer-
ing regarding the billion-pound loan
proposal to rehabilitate Germany.
And Sir Horace Wilson, right hand
of Prime Minister Chamberlain, took
several trips to Berlin to talk with
So today, the British are figuring
that if Goering were running Ger-
many, they could work out a peace
which would stick. The Field Mar-
shal, they know, has the confidence
of the German Army. He is an aris-
tocrat, a professional soldier, had a
great record as an aviator during the
World War; and although the Army
is not keen about many of the Nazis
around Hitler, it would welcome
Goering as its chief.
German Army Stock-Rises
The British know that any peace
in Germany must take into consid-
eration the German Army, for it can
be, and some diplomats believe al-
ready is, more powerful than Hitler.
Weighing all these factors, the
British appeasement clique in the
Cabinet would be willing to negotiate
a peace with Goering which would
give Germany most of what she
She could keep the Polish Corridor
and Danzig. Poland would be re-
created only as a very small state on
the order of Luxemburg. The Bri-
tish would even go out of their way
to aid Germany with colonies and
loans. Such a peace, British Tories
believe, would be far better than Ger-
man Communism, which might
spread to Britain.
BUT this would take place only
if Hitler were out of the way and
Goering, a man they can trust, in
power. So Field Marshal Goering-
unless he is bumped off by his rivals
around Hitler-is the man to watch
in Germany today.
U~rs. Roosevelt's Dress
Scientific-minded curators of the
famed Smithsonian Institution are
the last persons you would expect to
worry about the third term. But
they are worried. Furthermore, a
woman is at the bottom of it all.
The woman is Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt and the third term issue
arises because of her dress-the one
she wore at her husband's first in-
The Smithsonian has a wax figure
all ready for Mrs. Roosevelt's dress
as part of its exhibit of gowns worn
by Presidents' wives, from Martha
Washington to Mrs. Herbert Hoover.
But-and this is the rub-there is
a rule that a garment cannot be dis-
played until the First Lady has left
the White House.
So the curators are dangling on
the horns of the third-term dilem-
ma and asking themselves, "Will he
Next to Lindbergh's plane, the
"Spirit of St. Louis," the exhibit of
gowns of First Ladies is the most
popular in ,the Museum. After them
THURSDAY, NOV. 30, 1939
VOL. L. No. 57
Users of the Daily Official Bulletin:
In order to keep the Bulletin with-
in reasonable limits, it seems advis-
able to restrict notices of meetings to
the following elements:
Name of organization.
Time and place of meeting.
Program: Ordinarily the name of
speaker and his subject, or brief
statement of business to be transact-
ed. If the meeting is open to others
than members, this may be stated.
Notices should be presented to the
Editor of the Bulletin in this form.
Users of the Bulletin are reminded
that the Bulletin is intended only for
notices in the strict meaning of that
term, and that neither news nor ad-
vertising matter can be included in
To The Members of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts: The third regular
meeting of the Faculty of the Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
Arts for the academic session of
1939-1940 will be held in Room 1025
Angell Hall, Dec. 4, 1939, at 4:10 p.m
The reports of the several com-
mittees, instead of being read orally
at the meeting, have been prepared
in advance and are included with
this call to the meeting. They should
be retained in your files as part .of
the minutes of the December meet-
Edward 11. Kraus.
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of Nov. 6, 1939 which
have been distributed by campus
2. Consideration of the reports sub-
mitted with 'this call to the meet-
a. Executive Committee, prepared
by Professor W. G. Rice.
b. Executive Board of the Gradu-
ate School, prepared by Professor A.
E. R. Boak.
c. During the past month there
has been no meeting of the Univer-
sity Council, Senate Admisory Com-
mittee on University Affairs, nor
3. European Books and Periodicals
-Dr. W. W. Bishop.
4. Freshman Tests of Scholastic
Aptitude-Professor P. S. Dwyer,
5. New business.
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of, the Facul-
ty on Monday, Dec. 4, at 4:15 p.m.
in Room 348, West Engineering Bldg.
Agenda: Recommendations from the
Standing Committee (a) Naval
ROTC. (b) Limitation of Provisional
Admission; Evaluation of Faculty
Services; general business.
Sophomore, Junior and Senior En-
gineers: ' Mid-semester reports for
grades below C are now on file and
open to inspection in the office of the
Assistant Dean, Room 259, West En-
Sophomores, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Elections fo4r
the second semester are now being
approved by the Academic Coun-
selors. You will be notified by post-
card to see your Counsellor, and it
will be to your decided advantage to
reply to this summons promptly.By
so doing, you will be able to discuss
your program carefully with your
Counselor and avoid the ,rush and
confusion at the end of the semester.
Remember that there will be no op-
portunity for you to see your Coun-
selor during the final examination
University Lecture: Dr. E. M. K.
Geiling, Professor and Chairman of
the Department of Pharmacology of
he University of Chicago, will lecture
on "The Comparative Anatomy and
Pharmacology of t h e Pituitary
Gland," under the auspices of the De-
partment of Biological Chemistry, at
medical students on "Insulin" at 8
4:15 p.m, this afternoon, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall. All Medi-
cal School classes will be dismissed
to permit the students to attend this
lecture. The public is cordially in-
Biological Chemistry Lecture: Dr.
E.M.K. Geiling, Professor of Phar-
macology at the University of Chi-
cago, will speak to the first year
Include Six Talks
Six talks will be included in the
annual Spanish lecture series, spon-
sored by La Sociedad Hispanica.
Beginning Dec. 5, with a talk in
English on "Our Direct Investments
in Latin America," by Prof. Dudley
Phelps of the business administra-
tion school, the series will include lec-
tures on various aspects of Spanish
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
a.m. today in Room 1528 East Medi-
cal Building. All those who are in-
terested are cordially invited to be
Coffee Hour Conferene today at
4:30 p.m. in the Small Ballroom of
the Michigan Union. Program:
Charles A. Sink, president of the
School of Music, will discuss "Music
as a Profession."
S.A.E. Meeting tonight at 7:30 in
B. D. Harrison of the Ethyl Gasoline
the Michigan Union. Program: Mr.
Corp. Research Laboratories will
speak on Anti-knock fuels. Sound
movies of gasoline will be shown and
there will be a demonstration .of the
use of a test engine for knock-rating
gasoline. All engineers are invited
There will be an important business
meeting at 7:30 p.m. for members
and those who are planning to join
preceding the regular meeting.
. Glider Club meeting this evening
at 7:30 p.m. in Room 348 West En-
gineering building. Newsreel pic-
tures of gliding and soaring activity
will be shown. All members please
Varsity Glee Club: Very important
rehearsal for all members this eve-
ning at 7:30, "Trail By Jury."
Association Forum: The Rev. Ches-
ter Loucks will lead the forum discus-
sion on "Can a ReligiousPerson Jus-
tify a Luxious Scale of Living?" at
Lane Hall tonight at 7:30.
Sigma Xi: meeting in the Amphi-
heatre of the Rackham Building to-
night at 8. Mr. William C. Hollands
of the University Bookbindery will
speak on "Bookbinding, Past and
Senior Engineering Students (Class
of '40E) will meet today at 4 p.m.
in Room 348, West Engineering Bldg.,
to select a class ring.
Cercle Francais meeting tonight at
8 in 408 R.L. A one-act comedy will
Michigan Union Opera: Schedule
of tryouts for dancing, singing, and
acting to be conducted in the .desig-
nated rooms of the Union:
Thursday, 7-9 p.m., Room 304.
All eligible men interested may try-
Modern Dance Club will meet this
evening at 7:45 in Barbour Gymna-
sium. All those interested are in-
vited to attend.
Women's Fencing Club meeting to-
night at 7:30 in Barbour Gymnasium
All members are urged to be present.
Mimes meeting this afternoon at
5 at the Union.
Peace Committee of the American
Student Union meeting today at 5
p.m. in the Union.
Theatre Arts dance committee
meeting at 4:30 p.m. today at the
Ticket Committee (Peggy Polum-
baum's division) of Sophomore Cab-
aret meeting at 3 p.m. today at the
Booths and Exhibits Committe for
Sophomore Cabaret will meet at 4
p.m. today, in the League.
Ballet Dancing Group for Sopho-
more Cabaret will meet at 4:30 pm.
today in the League.e
Theatre Arts Committee mass meet-
ing at 5 p.m. today in the Leagjie.
Hillel Players meeting tonight at
7:30 at the Hillel Foundation.
Women Students: A short organiza-
tion meeting will be held at the Wom-
en's Athletic Building on Saturday,
Dec. 2, at 2 p.m. for all women stu-
dents interested in winter sports
(skiing, ice skating and toboggan-
ing). Bring your ice skates if you
would like to skate at the Coliseum
Ice SkatingClass for University
wormen will meet at 4 p.m. on Friday
at the Coliseum.
Theatre Arts Committee: All
Usher Committee members interest-
ed in ushering for the children's the-
atre production. "Thanksgiving at
Buckram's Corners," on the after-
noons of Dec. 1 and 2, please sign on
the list on the bulletin boardsin the
undergraduate office of the League
before Thursday noon.
Faculty Women's Club: The Band
Concert scheduled for Dec. 6 has been
changed from 3 to 8 p.m.
ponents could never come
together again on any issue
whatsoever. And yet some
of those who opposed Roose-
velt's court program are
back in the New Deal reser-
vation, and everything seems to have been for-
given and forgotten on both sides. At least,
with a few exceptions, this is true on the Demo-
cratic aisles of the upper house. Reconciliation
has been possible because both contesting groups
won. Franklin Roosevelt in an appreciably short
time got what he wanted, while the Senators
who defeated his project scored a moral victory.
The football is nailed in the trophy room of the
Senate, and nothing was left to the poor Presi-
dent but the appointments which seemed to him
* ~* *
If Mr. Roosevelt does not run for reelection I
doubt that the court issue, which was once con-
sidered paramount, will be mentioned at all.
Senators will not be asked by their constituents,
"What did you do in the great war concerning
the high bench?" Indeed, I hardly think it will
be a major issue in the event Roosevelt runs to
Without taking a poll on the subject I ven-
ture to predict that a large majority of Ameri-
cans feel that the court as now constituted is in
better trim to handle the problems of a chang-
ing world than in the days when the President