TI-E MICHIGAN DAILY
Further Talks Should Find Answer
To Crisis In Finland, Editor Says
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Carl Petersen . a Managing Editor
Elliott Maraniss . . . Editorial Director
Stan M. Swinton . . . . . City Editor'
Morton L. Linder . . . Associate Editor
N'orman A. Schorr . . , . Associate Editor
Dennis Flanagan . - - Associate Editor
John N. Canavan . . . . Associate Editor
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el Fineberg . . . . . Sports Editor
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IGHT EDITOR: RICHARD HARMEL
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily arewritten by members of The Daily'
staff and represent the views of ,the writers
G OV. Luren D. Dickinson has received
a flood of bitter criticism during his
reign in the Michigan governor's office, but his
recent action in the case of John P. Kava-
naugh, ousted news editor of the University of
Detroit student newspaper, will earn him the
;respect of college journalists everywhere.
Gov. Dickinson came to the assistance yes-
terday of Kavanagh, who had been zremoved
from his newspaper position by University of
Detroit officials Tuesday. One of the factors in-
volved in his suspension was a Kavanagh-writ-
ten editorial published in September criticizing
some of Gov. Dickinson's views on moral issues.
The editorial in question was never published,
supposedly because of censorship by Dr. Mar-
shall J. Lockbiler, faculty moderator of the stu-
Informed of the dismissal, Governor Dickin-
son yesterday asked Father Lockbiler to "forgive
and forget." "I confess that I would feel badly
if I knew that this youth wag being punished
because of any unfavorable opinions he may
hold of me,".the Governor declared. "If young
Kavanagh gave his honest opinion I would be
the last to censure him. In fact, I think I would.
be glad to commend the young man for his
fearless interest in public affairs."
The editorial on Governor Dickinson was one
of three articles deleted from the September
issue of the Detroit paper. Kavanagh is pres-
ident of the Sodality Council, highest Catholic
office open to a U. of D. student. He earned all
A's in his studies last semester, and has been
named by the managing editor of his newspaper
as "one of the most talented men on the staff".
His dismissal seems to be completely unfair.
Father Lockbiler has said that Kavanagh
"displayed a lack of cooperation" for a long
period and that he had refused recently to revise
an article on Catholic education. Father Lock-
biler said this attitude perhaps grew from "im-
It is hoped that University of-Detroit officials.
will heed the plea of Gov. Dickinson and of the
Detroit student body and give Kavanagh a clean
reinstatement. His work has been honest and
By CARL PETERSEN
RUSSIAN troops are concentrated today on
the Finnish border, reports from Moscow
and Helsinki tell us. But most of these reports
fail to point out that the number of Russian
troops drawn up along the Russo-Finnish border
is about half the number of Finnish troops op-
posing them. ThIis one fact, viewed in the light
of the tremendous man power at th disposal
of the Soviet, is enough to assure that Russia
has, at least in short run terms, no aggressive
designs on Finland.
The attitude of members of .theFinnish gov-
ernment in this connection is also reassuring.
Finance Minister V. A. Tanner, a member of
the Finnish delegation to Moscow, last week
issued a statement to the effect that the Finns
had been treated with courtesy throughout 'their
Moscow visit, that there had been neither
threats or ultimatums, that Joseph Stalin' had
wished Finland good luck and that it was now
ne'essary 'to seek a new basi .for negotiations,
following the suspension of the. Russian-Finnish
talks early last week. It is generally accepted
that the next move in the present situation is
up toRussia, but there is little basis'for believ-
ing that move will be military.
The Russian .demands upon Finland, as orig-
inally published, include the following points:
1. A pact of mutual assistance.
2. An exchange of territory in .Finnish and
Soviet Karelia to strengthen the defenses of Len-
ingrad, which lies approximately 20 miles from
the Finnish border.
3. A naval ,base at Ixangoe at the entrance
to the Gulf of Finland.
4. An exchange of'Finnish islands and some
strips of mainland for Soviet territory.
5. These concessions to be balanced by demili-
tarization of part of the Soviet-Finnish border
and withdrawal of Soviet opposition to Finnish
fortification of 'the Aaland Islands, in the Both-
One fact that has filtered through the secrecy
of the discussions in Moscow is that the main
stumbling block in the negotiations was the
-Russian. demand .for a naval base at Hangoe in
southwestern Finland. While the Finns, through
Foreign Minister Eljas Erkko, have emphasized
their willingness to cooperate with Russia in
-moves that would strengthen Leningrad's de-
fenses, they have steadfastly maintained their
demand that their own defences not to be un-
dermined. Erkko pointed out last week, in his
first public statement to the press, that the.
Finnish desire to reach an adjustment of the
difficulties had led the delegation to make
new proposals, change old ones. But he empha-
sized that any stubbornness 'Finland has shown
in the meetings has arisen from the conviction
that weakening of Finland's national defence
system means abrogation of their traditional
ND -:Finland is determined to maintain this
neutrality, for she values her freedom far
too highly to jeopardize it in any way. Twenty
years ago, after centuries of oppression by Swed-
en and Russia, Finland won her independence.
The long struggle of a determined, democratic
people against autarchy finally bore fruit in
the establishment of the Finnish republic. His-
tory tells us that .the Finns drifted into' their
land of swamp and snow from Asia many cen-
turies ago, seeking, in the deep forests and
swamps that have given their name to Suomi,
a refuge' from oppression. But eight hundred
years ago, the warlike Swedes invaded Finland,
coming across the Sea of Bothnia on a stepping
ler aggression by political pressure exerted by
the man in the street. The Labor Party warned
the government that it would not tolerate any
compromises with Hitler over the Polish ques,
tion. Therefore how can the Pacific Coast Sea-
men be correct In their statement that this is
an imperialistic war led by the ruling classes?
Point 2: Any .newspaper reader can testify
to the innumerable warnings issued by leaders
in American business and finance as to the
disastrous long term effects on business pros-
perity that wartime destruction of wealth and
life will bring. These men point to the stagger-
ing tax burdens, the governmental regulations
and controls imposed on business by a disrupted
war economy. They also cite the carefully pre-
pared plans now existing in the War Depart-
ment Offices in which capital as well as man-
power will be conscripted in any future war which
we foolishly enter into. International bankers
realize that another war with its costs will de-
stroy what is left of our free enterprise order.
Point 3: The recent neutrality legislation.
coupled with such old statutes as the Johnson
Act insure us that no belligerent at war now will
get so much as a thin dime in credit. With no
credit extended what investments and loans\
will our troops have to go over to protect?
In view of the limited space I think that these
three points show the ridiculousness of the Paci-
fic Coast Seamen's Union's premises.
This raises the question why did the Union
drag out old wheezes of Big Bad Business-and
Munition Makers? Common knowledge hath it
that the Communists control the West Coast
CIO Maritime Union. Common knowledge also
hath it that Communist Russia is allied with
Hitler. The conclusion to the question is obvi-
An anti war movement based on such an op- .
portunistic foundation is not of a "positive char-
acter that can unite all the public in a solid
wall." We know that should\ another Spanish
Franco arise that these American Communistl
will be very militant. We know that if by some
long chance Japan should come to terms with,
China and turn on Russia. that our "peace
lovers" will advocate that our navy move ever
stone bridge formed by the thousands of islands
that dot it. They settled in Finland, occupied
the best parts of it, Christianized it, and made
Finland's borders one of the main European
frontiers against Russia. They tied Russia's
hands in the Baltic, made it a Swedish lake.
But Russia was not to be denied her window
on the Baltic. In 1721 she gained ., small part
of .inland, and followed this in 1809 by com-
plete annexation. Under the last two Czars,
:Alexander III and Nicholas II, the Finns were
subjected to oppressive, autocratic rule which
met with wide popular resistance, and with the
collapse of the Czarist empire in 1917, Finland,
with the help of Germany, Russia's traditional
rival in the Baltic, threw off foreign domination
and for the first time in history became a free
While this strategic "pawn of diplomacy" on
the European chessboard has passed from the
hands of Sweden and Russia, to the position it
.now holds as a virtual double bulwark against
German expansion eastward and Russian expan-
sion, westward, it has made marked cultural
advancements all its own. Finland is a far from
rich country, the per-capita annual income
hovering around 125 dollars. The people, deriv-
ing their livelihood from the abundant forest
products and from agriculture, live simply, al-
most spartanically, yet they enjoy high cultural
standards. In education, in music, in architec-
ture, they have made themselves known the
world over. The democracy of the Finns springs
from the years of oppression that the Finnish
peasant knew under Sweden and Russia and is
nourished by the unyielding determination of
every -Finn not to give up the freedom which
was won after so many centuries and such a
IN the present dispute, Russia claims her chief
interest in securing military concessions from
Finland is to safeguard Leningrad, her second
largest city and chief martime center. The Finns
have indicated their willingness to allow Russin
to control certain strategic islands in the Gulf
of Finland, in order to support Leningrad's
chief defenses at Kronstadt.
The desire of Russia to secure naval dominance
of the Gulf of Finland is understandable. The
Gulf extends eastward from the Baltic between
the coasts of Sweden and Esthonia with Lenin-
grad lying at its most easterly point. No great
power can long be content seeing one of the
chief avenues of her commerce under the mili-
tary domination of another power or powers.
And Finland has recognized the fact.
But Russia's demands for lease of naval rights
at Hangoe do not appear justified in the light
of a desire to secure Leningrad, for Hangoe lies
at the extreme southwest tip of Finland where
the Sea of Bothnia joins the Gulf of Finland.
Russia already holds naval bases off the Esthon-
ian coast on the islands of Dagoe and Oesel,
and these, together with the islands Finland if
willing to relinquish in the Gulf of Finland,
should guarantee the safety of Leningrad. The
demands that Russia makes for territory to the
west on the Finnish mainland smack of imper-I
ialistic venture, and if the reports from Latvia
that Russia has occupied five cities not men-
tioned in her treaty with that country are true,.
the action of the Finns in balking at this Russian
demand is more than justified.
However, the tone of reports emanating from
both Finland and Russia indicates a lessening
of tension over this dispute, and it seems likely
that,, despite the anti-Finnish blasts in the
Soviet press, thedtalks will be resumed and a
By RICHARD BENNETT!
(The ollowing is an attempt to answer, though some-
what sketchily, queries concerning the status of music
in England today.)
WHEN the war first broke in England all con-
certs were stopped, the opera houses were
closed, and artists, professional and amateur,
were thrown out of work and placed in a mostI
difficult position. The British Broadcasting
Corporation substituted gramaphone recordings
for original broadcasts and the standard of mu-
sical broadcast itself soon fell lower than the
lowest of the low-brows could wish. It was felt
that there was no time for 'art' with a suicidal
war ahead. But as the black-outs continued and
the tension became less acute, partly because of
the, monotonous repetition, partly from a real-
ization that the worst was no worse than the
senseless existence being forced upon them, the
English people asked that their theaters and
concert-halls be re-opened. The British Broad-
casting .Corporation was severely criticized for
aggravating the already serious unemployment
problem by the substitution of mechanical de-
vices and for allowing the general calibre of the
broadcasts to drop so low.
This was around the end of September and
the beginning of October. It is heartening to
note that since that time the British Broadcast-
ing Corporation has admitted its mistake and
re-engaged performers. It has also sought to
raise the standard of broacast to what it was
formerly. Recovery was initiated by a few pi-
oneers offering- encouragement to the rest. In
London Sadler's Wells was perhaps the first-in
the field. It is gratifying to note that enthusiasm
and attendance at these operatic productions is
greater than before. Soon a series of Sunday
afternoon concerts by the London Symphony
Orchestra was introduced under the conductor-
ship of Mr. Charles Hambourg and later under
NOV. 17 was Black Friday and the
underclassmen of the University
of Michigan had lots of troubles. In
th first place, the freshmen couldn't
find any sophomores to depant or
beat up, and the undermanned soph-
omore forces had a tough time try-
ing to find places to hide. The
police kept close watch on them so
they couldn't raise a lot of com-
motion and the University officials
warned them to behave. Yes, they
had big problems.
Nov. 17 was also Black Friday in
Prague and the underclassmen there
also had lots '.of' troubles. They
weren't" playing any class games,
though; they weren't trying to estab-
lish the physical superiority of one
class over the other; they weren't
particularly interested in tearing off
the pants of the other boys and toss-
ing them into the river. They were
more concerned with fighting for
their rights and their liberties; they
were rebelling against tyranny and
oppression; they were struggling to
throw off the yoke of German bar-
Y ES, Friday was very blacks in
Prague as nine students were
put to death in front of a firing
squad because they dared raise their
voices in a cry for human treattment,
for liberty, for the right to think and
act for themselves as self-respect-
ing human beings, with minds and
consciences. Nine students, young,
vigorous, wanting to live and 'live
freely, were killed.eAnd what had
they done? Murder? Robbery?
Rape? No, they had objected to the
cold and brutal 'German control over
Czechoslovakia; they had objected to
being told what to read and write,
what to study and how to do it; they
had objected to being forced to re-
spect a government for which they,
as rationally thinking students, could
have nothing but the deepest ab-
horrence and hate. They objected
and they were killed. They were
lined up on Black Friday and big,
brave German storm troopers leveled
their rifles and shot them.
It is very easy in a situation like
this to say how fortunate we students
here in America are to be able to
speak freely, to assemble and voice
protests, to think and write as we
choose. And it is very easy to dis-
miss the Black Friday event in
Prague as another in the long series.
of European atrocities. And it is
all very well for us to regard the
matter with that it-can't-happen-
BUT we must realize that the same
forces are now working here
that were operating in Czechoslo-
vakia. Those nine students who
were killed once had as much free-
dom as we. They, too, never dreamed.
of being forced to undergo such in-
tolerance and oppression. But we
see what has happened and now we
hear, following the Black Friday
massacre, that German ordinances
have closed Prague Un~xiversities and
academies for three years.'This ac-
tion was taken to restore and main-
tain order because they realize that
the greatest threat to German op-
pression in Czechoslovakia comes
from those young people who, as stu-
dents, are cognizant of the cruelty
and inequalities forced upon them
and who would attempt to show the
test of the nation the way out.
And so the greatest threat to any
kind of limitation of liberties and
freedom here must come from the
students and Mr. Q. sincerely hopes
that Black Friday will continue to
be a matter of freshman-sophomore
depanting exercises rather than a
workout for a muscle-man firing'
heaval he finds himself turnmg
away from the symphonies of Bee-
thoven to the music of Bach and
Gluck. Another writer hopes. that
an exaggerated sense of nationalism
will not corrupt the present friendly-
reception toward the art of all na-
tions. Music cannot be revised to
fit an emergency. The very integ-
rity and unassailable illumination of
great masterpieces is something to,
steer one's course by when every-
thing else is dark." And later the
same editor says: "We can be grate-
ful to the British Broadcasting Cor-
poration for refusing to acknowledge1
'the distinction of race which tem-~
porarily afflicted the 'Proms' in 1914.
We want no nonsense of that kind.
It is tremendously important in time
of war to think clearly, to maintain
and even strengthen our sense of
values. The importance of music
lies not in the nationality or faith
of its composer but simply in itself.
The empire of politics has no claims
on the kingdom ofrculture; the at
tempt to incorporate that kingdom
would be a wanton and foolish ag-
gression. For ,that reason contem-
porary German music, if it is avail-
able, should be accepted on exactly
the same footing as the music of
any other nation.. This. doctrine will.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULL
(Continued from Page 2)
Tuesday, Nov. 21, from 9 to 4:30 to]
interview .senior men who are in-
'terested in applying for Flying Cadet-
ship, U.S. Army, affording oppruni-1
ty for qualifying as Air Corps Re-
serve Officer with possivility of ap-
pointment in Regular Army Air Corps.
Senior and Graduate Students in
Aeronautical Engineering: Announce-
mnent is made of a Civil Service Ex-
amination. for Junior Engineer. Ap-
plicatgons must be filed with the Civil
Service Commission by Dec. 11, 1939.
Those interested may examine the an-
nouncement concerning this position,
which is posted on the Aeronautical
.ngineering Bulletin Board.
Attention is called to the fact that
Monday and Tuesday are the last
days that registration material may
be obtained from the Bureau. After
Tuesday, a late registration fee of
$1.00 will be charged. Blanks may
be obtained at the..Bureau, 207 Ma-i
son Hall, hours 9-12 and 2-4.
The Bureau has two divisions:;
Teaching and general. The general
division registers people for positions'
of all kinds other than teaching.
Both seniors and graduate stu-
dents, as well as staff members, are
eligible to enroll. Only one registra-
tion is held during the school year
and everyone who will be available
In February, June, August, or at any
other time during the year, should
University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Infor-
Cornelia Otis Skinner Program:
The third offering of the Oratorical
Association Lecture Course will be
presented in Hill Auditorium Mon-
day night at 8:15. Ticket holders
who arrive late will not be seated
during a .number. There are still
a, fewsingle admission tickets avail-
able. Hill auditorium box-office will.
be open Monday from 10 until 1
and from 2 until 8:30.
Diploma Applications: Graduate
students who expect to be recom-
mended for higher degrees to. be
conferred in February, 1940, should
place on file a blue diploma applica-
tdon by November 25. These forms
are available in. the office of the
Graduate School, Rackham Build-a
Househeads, Dormitory Directors,
and Sorority Chaperons: Closing
hour for Wednesday, November 22,
is 1:30 A.M. and for Thursday, No-
vember 23, is 11:00 P.M.
Assistant Dean of Women
The Automobile Regulation will be
lifted for the Thanksgiving holiday
period at 12 noon on Wednesday,
Nov. 22, until 8 a.m. on Friday, No.
Elective Classes in Ice Skating, Be-.
ginning swimming, and body nechan-
cs: Beginning the 'week of Nov. 20,
the Department of Physical tduca-
ion for Women will conduct classes
in the following activities as indicat-l
Ice skating, Friday, 4 p.m. at Coli-
Be ginning swimming, Friday, 4:3
p.m. atBarbour Pool.
Body mechanics, Thursday at 4:30j
p.m., Barbour Gymnasium,
Students interested in these classes
register in Office 15, Barbour Gym-
Badminton Courts in Barbour
Gymnasium will be open to Univer--
sity students on Monday, Wednes-
day, and Friday evenings .from 7:30
to 9:-00for mixed badminton, start-
ing Monday, November 20.
Carillon Recital: On account of the
faculty concert this afternoon, 'at
4:15 in Hill Auditorium, the carillon.
ecital by Percival Price, Carillon-'
reur, will be given at 3:15 instead of
the usual hour.
New York Philharmonic-Symphony
Orchestra program: For the interest
f those specially interested in the
rogram to be given by the New York
1londay night, Nov. 27, the following
rogram is announced at this time,
ohn Barbirolli, conducting:
overture, "The Roman Carnival,"
Introduction and Allegro for Strings
Quartet and Orchestra) Op. 47, El-
Variations and Fugue "Under the
preading Chestnut Tree," Weinber-
Symphony in E minor, No. 4, Op.
Faculty Concert: Kathleen Barry,
harpist, Maud Okkelberg, pianist, and
Iardin Van Deursen, baritone, with
,Ava Comin Case, accompanist, will
'ive a recital complimentary to the
public, in Hill Auditorium, this af-
ternoon, at 4:15. The public is re-
and Design:. The best 100 posters
submitted in the 1939 National Pos-
-ter Contest on the subject "Travel,
sponsored by' Devoe & Reynolds Co.,
Inc., of Chicago. Third floor exhibi-
tion rdom, Architectural Building.
Olpen" daily, except Sunday,9 to 560
thriough Nov. 27. The 'Public is cor-
'University Lecture: The Honorable
Lawrence M. Judd, former Governor
of Hawaii, will lecture on "Hawaii,
Pivot of The Pacific" under the auspi-
es of the Political Science Depart-
ment, on Monday, Nov. 20, at 4:15
Um. in' the RackhamAmphitheatre.
The public is cordially inithed.ar
Universiy Lecture: Dr. E.M.K. Gel-
ing;' Professor 'and Chairman of the
Departmeent of Pharmacology of the
University of Chicago, Will lecture on
"The Comparative Anatomy and
Pharmacology o f t h e Pituitary
Gland;" 'under the auspices of the
Department of Biological ;Chemistry,
at 4:15 pm. on:Thursday Nov 30. ,
in the Rackham Lecture Hall. The
public is cordially invited.
Univer ity Lecture: Frank A.
Waugh, Professor Emeritus of Hor-
ticulture and Landscape Gardening
of 'Massachusetts State Colege, will
lecture on "Humanity Out of Doors",
under the auspices of the School of
Forestry, at 4:15.1p.m. on Thursday,
December 7, in the Rackham Am-
phitheater. The public is cordially
Dr. Harold, Fey will speak on "The
Churches' Stand on the 'War" at the'
Rackham Lecture Hall, tonight at
8:15. Dr. Fey is executive secretary
of the Fellowship of Reconciliation
,nd a former missionary in the
Philippines. This is the first of a
series of three lectures on "The Re-
ligious Aspects of -Current Problems,"
sponsored by the Student Religious
Pi Lambda Theta: A buffet supper
for the 'initiates will be served to-
night at the Michigan League.
The .Grduate Outing Club invites
all graduate students and .faculty
members interested in outdoor activi-
te to assemble at the northwest cor-
ner of the Rackthami Building this
afternoon at 2:30 p.m.
International Center: Tonight at
7 o'clock, Dr. Edgar Fisher,. Assistant
Director of the Institute of Inter-
national Education, will speak on
"'International Education In Time of
Mimes meeting tonight at 10:30
at the 'Michigan Union. All members
requested to be present.
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal on
"Trial by Jury" for all new men in
the club, today at 3:30 p.m. Regular
rehearsal at 4:30 p.m. as usual.
Fellowship of Reconciliation: Re-
giotial pacifist conference in Ann Ar-
bor this weekend. Program
S'Today, 8:30 a.m. Breakfast; ds-
cussion on building the' pacifist
movement. Russian Tea Room.
1:30 p.m. Problems of individual
pacifism, Lane Hall. 'Dr.aold Fey,
national executive secretary, will be
the speaker and discussion leader.
Meetings are open.
Michigan Anti-War Executive Com-
mittee meeting today at Lane Hall
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet this evening at 5:30' at the
Zion ,Parish"HaL. There will be a
fellowship hour from 5:30 until 6.
Dinner will be served.
Hillel Debate will be held at the
Foundation this afternoon at 3:00
p.m. The Hillel affirmative team
will debate a negative team from
the Ohio State Foundation on the
subject "Resolved that a Jewish Uni-
versity'be established in the United
States." All students are cordially
invited to attend. '
Research. Club will meet in Rack-
ham Amphitheatre on Wednesday,
Nov. 22, at 8 p.m. There will be a
vote on a constitutional amendment.
Papers will be read by Professor Ja-
cob Sacks on "Artificial Radioac-
tivity as a Tool in Biological Re-
search," and by Professor James K.
Pollock on "Voting Behavior; a Case
Study." The Council will meet at
Iota Alpha: The Beta Chapter of
Iota Alpha will hold a business meet-
ing on Tuesday evening, November
21, at 7:30 in the Seminar Room,
3205 ast Engineering Building.
The entire meeting will be devoted
to business and it is urged that every
member on campus make a special
effortt +,o Ht-nr,,
. 4 ,
To the Editor:
"The Yanks Are Not Coming." Mr. Maraniss
got this from "a fresh stiff breeze from the
Pacific District Council 2 of the Maritime Fed-
eration of San Francisco." Unfortunately, in
the light of the character of that organization,
this "simple, straightforward and sincere blast"
has the odor of red lberring.
A closer reading of the "Tract For The Times"
confirms this suspicion. It is nothing but the
familiar class propaganda appearing daily in
all American Communist writings.
,For some time we readers of The Daily have
seen such trash coming from responsible editors
on our school paper. We know that these men
are tno well read to so comnletely lack the facts.