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November 01, 1939 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-11-01

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Weather
;ent snow flurries, and
day; tomorrow cloudy.

fiJra

aiItxi

Editorial
The Challenge
To Civlizatio~n.

L

L. No. 33

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 1, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

House Passes,
Neutrality Bill
To Conference
in WldVote
Embargo Group Changes
Prevented By Early Vote
As Administration Wins
Conferees To Get
Instructions Today
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. -(y-
Advocates of repealing the arms em-
bargo won the first skirmish ovei
neutrality legislaton in the House
today when that chamber agreed to
send the measure to a conference
comittee to adjust differences be-
tween the Senate and House versions.
The vote, which effectively pre-
vented the embargo bloc from offer-'
ng amendments from the floor was
taken amid angry cries of "City slick-
er tactics!" Administration men re-
plied that the procedure was normal;
No Roll Call
There was no roll call' on the ques-
tion, but Administration leaders jub-
ilantly hailed a previous roll call, on
which they mustered an unexpected-
1y high majority of 60 votes, as in-
dicating a safe margin for repeal of
the e bargo when the final test
comes, rl
The r111call was on a question of
ending debate on the procedure to be
adopted for considering the bill. The.
result' ineffect, defeated a Republi-
can attempt to open up the legisla-,
tton for House amendements. The
vote was"237 to 177.,
Oppnents of repeal-most bitter-
ly controverted issue of the neutral-
ityfigit-adpleaded bitingly and
itly for .an opportunity to bring
the Sehate bill before the House for
any amendments it might see fit to
adopt, or to seni it to the Foreign
Affairs Oonmittee to be amended.
Repeals Embargo
The Senate measure repeals the
existIngemrgo .pn: arms and am-
munition. The House bill, approved.
las session, embargoes'"lethal" weap-
on&-such as death dealing gases,
guis and ammunition-but permits
the sale to belligerents of other im-
plents of' war such as airplanes and
oil.'
' Today's action does not deprive
opponents of repeal of an opportunity
to vote oa the 'question of what in-
structions, if any, the House should
give the conferees who will represent
it in negotiations with Senators. It
is this question of instructing the
conferees which is expected to occupy
the House fot the next two days. No
time limit, however, has been fixed
for debating the question.
Two Dorms
Elect Officersa
Fletcher, Vaughan Houses
Choose Fifteen Men
More than- 90 per cent of the stu-
dents living in Fletcher Hall and
Vaughan House, residence halls for"
men, participated in voting last week
to elect 15 men to fill the positions of1
president, vice-president, secretary,
treasurer and judiciary, social, ath-;
letic and scholarship chairmen, ac-
cording to Prof. Karl Litzenberg, di-
rector of residence halls,.

Vaughan House, opened this se-
mester for medical students, elected
Ned S. Arbury, '43M, Midland, presi-
dent, James Collins, '43M, vice-presi-
dent, Kenneth R. Crispell, M. secre-
tary-treasurer, James A. Johnson,
'43M, judiciary council, Keats K. Vin-
ing, '43M, social chairman, Gunnard
J. Antell, '43M, athletic chairman
and Louis A. Craig, '43M, scholarship
chairman.
Student government at Fletcher
Hall will be under the leadership of
Gordon Andrew, '42, Detroit, presi-
dent, Arnold Larsen, '42, vice-presi-
dent, James L. Wolcott, '41BAd, sec-
retary, Arthur S. Hann, '41BAd,
treasurer, Charles K. Esler, '41, ju-
diciary chairman, Edgar L. McCor-
mick, Grad., scholarship chairman,
Henry R. Clauser, '40E, social chair-
man and Clifford Young, athletic
chairman.
Fifty Picked Here

Michigan Students Favor
Repeal OfArms Embargo
Material Aid To Britain And France Held Desirable
By Majority Of Men Interviewed On Campus;
See No Danger Of Becoming Involved

I s A - .- -

Li
T

fe Parley Molotoff Assails Roosevelt
'o Convene
Here Today For Moral Aid' To Finns;

Opening Session Will Hear
Welcoming Addresses /f
And C. F". Kettering Il-Ily

Purges Pro-Germans

By RICHARD HARMEL and
KARL KESSLER
With the Senate's abandonment of
the arms embargo and the House
action sending the new neutrality bill
into conference, the issue of whether
the arms embargo should be aband-
oned has returned to the public lime-
light.
College students, being of draftable
age, should be necessarily interested
in the outcome of the present Con-
gressional fight. When quizzed by
the Inquiring Reporter, Michigan
men were almost unanimous in ap-
proving the Congressional moves up
to date. Many answers were given,
and the following are representative.
THE QUESTION: What is your
opinion of the latest Congressional
action in regard to the arms embar-
go?
THE ANSWERS:
Alan Fleishman, '42L: "I approve
of it. I feel best defense in keeping
'us out of war is to aid the Allies. We
must remember that we are not dis-
criminating against Germany. Ger-
man'boats can take advantage of the
cash and carry plan. It's not our
fault if the British navy has them
bottled up. I also believe it will keep
American boys out of the trenches
because if the Allies get enough sup-
plies, they won't- need doughboys to
be victorious..
' John Huston, '41: "The arms em-
bargo, as presented in the bill now
before the House, cannot by any
'stretch of the imagination be termed
a neutrality measure. It unquestion-
ably will give material aid to England
and France at the expense of Ger-
many, and any such breach of neu-
trality will draw us that much closer
to the present conflict. As for 'pre-
serving the ideals of democracy, Eng-
land certainly has no such motives
herself."
John Kantor, Grad: "As a South
African and a British subject, I am
naturally pleased with the decision
of the Senate and the action taken by
the House yesterday. However, from
Ruthvens Plan
TouriTo Visit
Alumni Clubs
Arrangements have been completed
for President and Mrs. Ruthven to
visit various University of Michigan
clubs in the seventh alumni district
during a trip which will begin Sun-
day, Nov. 12, Vernon F. Hillery, '25L,
president of that district, announced
yesterday.
The Ruthvens will be guests of hon-
or at alumni dinners given by the
local alumni groups in six cities, the
first two in Oklahoma, and the re-
maining in Texas. This trip is be-
ing made in response to an invita-
tion issued two years ago by the
seventh district and by the clubs in
that district. Hillery, here for the
Ruthven Dinner last Friday and for
homecoming activities, said he would
accompany the Ruthvens during their
stay in Texas.
First dinner will be given Nov. 14 in
Tulsa. A similar affair will follow
two days later in Oklahoma City. The
Texas stops include Dallas and Fort
Worth, Nov. 17-19; San Antonio, Nov.
22; and Houston, Nov. 24.
The trip has been arranged to en-
able the Ruthvens to become acquaint-
ed with alumni in the seventh district,
as they have never visited that dis-
trict.
State Humane
Group To Meet
E dnerson, Judy Will Speak

Saturday At League
Dr. Herbert W. Emerson, director
of the Pasteur Institute at the Uni-
versity, and Capt. Will Judy, editor
of the national magazine "Dog
World," will be the principal speak-
ers at 12:30 p.m. Saturday at the
state-wide luncheon meeting of the
Michigan humane societies in the
League.
"Rabies-Its Extent in the United
States" will be the theme of Dr. Em-
erson's talk. He will give special

fthe American point of view, the
,Cash and Carry system is bound to
keep America out of war by prevent-
'ing such unfortunate incidents like
the City of Flint."
Buddy Gins, '40: "The way I look
at it is that effort should be made
by Congress to lift the embargo, not
with the point of view, however, of
justifying France and Britain in their+
war, but to aid in getting rid of Hit-
ler's government. No peaceful settle-
ment of the existing conflict seems
in sight. We should, therefore, help
in bringing peace by lending our eco-
nomic support."
Edward King, '41E: "I heartily ap-
prove the action of Congress up to
this point. Our trade should im-
prove along with the elimination
of risk for American ships since they
will be forbidden to go into beligger-
ent waters."
Maurice S. Reizen, '40, and Charles
Jaslow, '41: "The Embargo Act, as
the Senate proposes to revise it, will
unquestionably aid the allies, which
is where our sympathies naturally
lie. I don't believe that the arms
trade, which comprises only 15 per
cent of our trade could draw us in."
Student Senate
To Hold Public
Election Rally
Candidates Will Present
Platforms At Meeting
TonightIn Union
Taking the form of a one-panel
parley, the Student Senate will hold
a preelection Rally at 8 p.m. today
in the small ballroom of the Union,
with Prof. Lewis G. VariderVelde of
the history department as keynoter,
Harold .Osterweil, '41, announced
yesterday.
All students are urged to attend
this meeting, which will be an attempt
to present the candidates for the
Senate election Friday to the cam-
pus, a policy never before tried, Os-
terweil said.
By means of this Rally, the stu-
dents will be better able to judge
the persons destined to represent
them in the Senate for the coming
year, Osterweil pointed out. James
T. Duesenberry, Grad., will act as
chairman of the meeting, and Robert
Rosa, Grad., will give a brief talk on
the activities of the Senate. Rosa
was speaker for the Senate last
year.
Half the meeting will be devoted
to the candidates who will present
their platforms, Osterweil said, while
the remainder of the meeting will
be given over to open floor discus-
sion. It is hoped, Osterweil explained,
that by means of criticism and ques-
tions from the assembled student
body, the Senate and the candidates
running for it will be able to deter-
mine the consensus of the campus on
past activities of the Senate and may
thereby adjust their stands to con-
form with student opinion.
Each candidate will be allotted two
minutes, except those grouping to-
gether on one coalition, in which case
the representative of the coalition
may speak five minutes.
Hallowe'en Means Fun,
Mirth For Youngsters
Hallowe'en was ushered in last
night with its traditional bands of
roving children bent on having a
night of fun. Gaily bedecked in col-
ored cheese cloth, Mama's old shoes,
or brother's old clothes and wearing
outlandish false faces they proceed-
ed to ring bells, put soap on dormi-
tory windows or remove gates and
ash cans fror their usual resting

places.
Favorite trick of the evening was
that probably played by students in
the university who called their
friends;, dorms, sororities, fraterni-
ties and even The Daily to ask
whether they knew it was Hallowe'en,
and before any answer could be given,
yell a booming "BOO" into the phone
and hang up.
Ensian Reduced Picture'
Offer Tn End Snturdayv

Group To Discuss_ _ _ _
NewTechnolIl Duce Overhauls Fascist
. w T c nLeadership; Removes Mpe
Welcoming addresses, a talk by Three Military Heads May Delay Talks,
Charles F. Kettering and a specialen D cs
performance featuring analysis of Shakeup Expected
scientific progress by six faculty men B
will highlight the opening session to- B NvHE.N(ednGa
day f te Uverity-ifeconer-HELSINKI, Nov. 1. (Wednesday)
day of the University-Life confer- By CHARLES H. GUPTILL -()-The Finish government an-
ence on new technologies in trans- ByE CARLES H.( GUPL nounced tonight that publication of
portation. ROME, Oct. 31. -W)Premier Soviet Russia's demands on the re-
Following registration in the morn- Mussolini in a sweeping overhauling public had "created a new situation"
ing, Dean Alfred. Lovell of the en- of the Fascist leadership today re- and caused a delay in the negotia-
gineering college will present the wel- moved three military chiefs who had tions.
. The exact effect of the unexpected
coming address to the 200 scientists conducted staff talks with German disclosures by Soviet Premier-Foreign
and research technicians invited to officers and two cabinet members Commissar Vyacheslaff Molotoff int
attend the conference at a luncheon popularly regarded as pro-German. his speech to the Russian Parliamentt
at 12:30 p.m. in the Union. The shuffling of military chiefs, yesterday was not clear early today,l
'Transportation' Is Topic army leaders, and cabinet ministers, but it was certain he had profoundly
"Transportation of Tomorrow" will however, was regarded in foreign shocked Finnish officials.
be the topic discussed at the general circle as primarily designed to rein- It was probable a cabinet meeting
meeting at 2 p.m. in the Amphithe- force the Fascist regime at home would be held today to consider ther
atre of the Rackham Building by Mr. with the international aspect inci- new situation.
Kettering, vice-president in charge dental to domestic factors. The communique did not say whe-
of research for the General Motors er Finland's delegation to Moscow,
Corp. This will be followed at 3 p.m. Whether there was any which left Helsinki last night, would -
by a discussion of the chemistry and thought of shelving those in the continue its journey or return heret
physics of lubrication as applied to for new instructions. The delegation
modern transportation, presented by government who had been looked on was scheduled to arrive in Lenin-t
Merrel R. Penske, director of the tased rgrad today.
Petroleum Refining Laboratory at But all three replaced chiefs of The Finnish government had kept
Pennsylvania State College staff-Gen. Alberto Pariani of the negotiations a matter of close
A tea and reception will be given army, General1Giuseppe Valle of the secrecy.
by President and Mrs. Ruthven at airforce and Lieut.-Gen. Luigi Russo,
4:15 p.m. at the President's residence, of the blackshirt militia-had con- " It
to be followed at 6 p.m. by an in- ferred with their German counter- U.tralit
formal dinner in the League. Prof. parts after signing of. the Italian- Na
Lewis "112. Gram of the department German military alliane last May- ToN t n
of civil engineering will preside and an alliance which no longeris men- To Cost1Naion
Prof. John L. Brumm of the journal- tioned in Italy.I
ism department will give a short ad- The two cabinet members consid-275 000 000!
dress. ered as having pro-German sym- 2)0,)
Culminating. Event pathies and affected by the shakeupt
Culminating event of the evening' were Lieut.-Gen. Achille Starace, FDR To Present Congressl
will be the Sample of Science, pro- secretary of the Fascist Party, and.
gram at 8 p.i. in. the Lydia Men- Dino Alfieri, Minister of Popular With Bill For Increase
delssohn Theatre, featuring short Culture (propaganda). Transfer to In Defejsive Meaures
science addresses by six faculty mem- other posts removed them from the I________
bers. cabinet. -WASHINGTON Oct31---P)
Prof. H. R. Crane of the physics Shakeup To Please WASsIGTON Oct t1d-y)
department will present an analysis The shakeup was expected to President Roosevelt estimated today
of the structure and application of please the Italian people.. There that it would cost $275,00,000 to
the University's 100 ton cyclotron, have been widespread reports of safeguard and enforce American s
(Continued on Page 8) popular dissatisfaction with the pro- neutrality during the first 10 months
German tendencies of some of the of the European war.
lesser Fascist leaders. He told reporters that this sum1
would be asked of Congress as a de-
Nelson Accepts With the changes, . some foreign Tistrghenedprorithen beief ofuy sm
observers considered Mussolini had ficiency appropriation in January.
" * estbsed acn ide - Mothad This strengthened the belief of some
e stablished a middle-of-the-road officials that the total national de-
Hull's Invitation cabinet. His son-in-law, Foreign fense appropriation for the next ses-
Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano, and sion would exceed $2,000,000,000.
-r inMminster of Justice Count Do Gran- The extra $275,000,000, Mr. Roose-
International Center Head di remained as perhaps the outstand- velt told his press conference, is
To Confer In Washington ing figures next to fl Duce. needed chiefly to pay for increases in"
the armed forces ordered Sept. 8
Prof. J. Raleigh Nelson, Counselor T . It when he proclaimed a limited nation-
to foreign students' and director of U al emergency. The expense covers
the University's International Center, maintenance of the Atlantic coast
announced yesterday that he has ac- duates t neutrality patrol and the mass train-
cepted the invitation of Secretary of ing of troops ordered by the War
State Cordell Hull to attend a confer- Department.
ence on International education and -s ru p eteers A short time before the President
cultural relations to be held in Wash- spoke, Chairman Sheppard (Dem.-
ington, D.C., Nov. 8, 9 and 10. Tex.) of the Senate Military Affairs
Two University alumni with nmble Committee predicted the expanding
Hull issued personal invitations to fingers and a flair for satire will army would require $1,000,000,000
persons especially iterested i in- lampoon the world's headliners when next year, and Chairman Scrugham
ternational education. President the Yale Puppeteers revue, "It's A (Dem.-Nev.) said the House Naval
Ruthven, who was asked to attend Small World," appears Friday and Appropriations Sub-Committee ex-
because of the University's occupation Saturday at the Lydia Mendelssohn pected the navy budget would ap-
with a largew number of foreign stu- Theatre. proach this sum.
dents, declined because of the press Forman Brown, '22, former Eng- In another defense development
of other duties, and designated Pro- lish instructor here, writes the lines, the War Department announced that
fessor Nelson as the University's rep- lyrics and music for the marionette the first new aerial fighting unit to
resne musical and keeps its satirical punches ;be formed since Congress approved
Professor Nelson has been asked to apropos to world headlines by fre- a $300,000,000 air corps expansion in
assist in planning the program of the quent revisions. Under the deft fin- April wuld be sent to Puerto Rico
conference. The general subject to gers of Harry Burnett, '23, who built in November to reinforce defenses of
be discussed will be the problem of the puppets and who manipulates that Caribbean outpost. It is the
the foreign student in adjusting him- them in the revue, FDR goes fishing, 27th reconnaissance squadron of 28
self to his new academic and com- Tom Dewey and Jim Farley engage officers, 228 enilsted men and nine
munity environment. , in a boxing bout and Martha Gra- planes. -
ham dances as she would never dance
in real life. Ro e t Dic dits
B 1rsley Addresses "It's A Small World" is intendedRooseve D scred s
for adult audiences. The presenta- . T
Debating Society tion of the revue, therefore, is ir Term Rumnor
handled differently than juvenile
More than 100 members of the puppet shows. Puppeteers Forman WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. --(')-
Sigma Rho Tau, honorary engineer- and Burnett have designed a simple President Roosevelt today branded as
cn stage, little more than a platform ebodys invention any idea that
rosy ,npp'h"' i't wore ' rlr"' b aced bytaescreen hic atserv

Inn spueec 6ocley wor e aui-je Uy acked by a screen which evsa
DeanJose'h A Burley artvigsta proposed conference on the west
Den JhUnion According lt Dean backdrop. The stage allows them to coast might be intended to promote
Bursley if you make the man under lean over and manipulate the pup- a third term for the New Deal.
you get the most out t what he has, pets in full view of the audience. The Chief Executive was ques-
you will be a real human engineer. tioned at his press conference about
the statement made yesterdayby
The successful engineer must first p a stesaemn aeysedyby
Th hselfginmutothrEhrmann Speaks John L. Lewis that two Administra-
sell himself to hiself, then t othery To GraduateClb n o cials
Graduatentioneofficialsswereorganizing a asmeet
must he be able to express himself in January for the secret purpose of
'well in English but in some foreign i aur o h ertproeo
language also. .Unlimited patience Prof. Howard M. Ehrmann spoke starting a third term boom.
and the ability to make fair decisions on "Studying the Present War" at the Mr. Roosevelt said all he knew

USSR Tells Of Increasing
Friendship With Former
Foes, Italy And Germany

Finland Warned
In Terse Message
(Unless otherwise stated aii foreign
dispatches are subject to censorship.)
By WITT HANCOCK
MOSCOW, Oct. 31.-P)-.Premier
Molotoff today chided President
Roosevelt for lending Finland the
"moral support" of the United States,
in effect warned the Finns to come to
terms, and notified the world that
Russia is drawing closer to Germany
and Japan, once partners in the Anti-
Comintern Pact.
In an exhaustive report on Russia's
new foreign policy, the Premier and
Foreign Commissar told more than
1,100 deputies attending the extra-
ordinary joint session of the Soviet
Council that the United States' move
to repeal its arms embargo would
"intensify, aggravate and protract"
the European war.
Salient Points
Salient points in MVolotoff's 85-
minute speech:
1. Struck at President Roosevelt
for "intervening" 'in Russia's ego-
tiations with Finland "in contradic-
tion' of the United States' policy of
neutrality."
2. Declared Russia was unable t
understandFinland's efusal of a
mutual assistance pact siilr to
those which made the Baltic states
of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania vir-
ti.al protectorates.
3 Denounced Great Britain and
France for carrying on the war with
Gernany for the purpose, he said, of
safeguarding teir colonial posses-
sions.
4. Said "there can be no questin
of restoring Poland" and that it was
"absurd to continue the present war"
for such a cause
5. Asserted that German and Rus-
sian relations are being placed on
an increasingly-solid and friendly
basis.
Trade ,Negotiations
6. Announced trade negotiations
would be opened - with Japan and
opened the door for a move by Tokyo
toward stronger cooperation-possi-
bly a non-aggression pact.
7. Gave no hint of any possible
Soviet aims in the Balkans but said
Turkey, which refused a pact with
Russia and signed one with Britain
and France, must take note of the
offer of cooperation to Japan.
By her pact with Britain and
France, he said, Turkey had /moved
into the "orbit of war" and he would
not hazard a guess whether Turkey
would come to regret it.
Russia's dictator, Joseph Stalin,
was given a tremendous ovation when
he seated himself along with other
Soviet leaders in front of the chair-
man's rostrum of the modern hall
built behind the picturesque Kremlin.
Touching on President Roosevelt's
plea on Oct. 11 for Finland, Molotoff
said near the end of his address:
"One finds it hard to reconcile
that with the American policy of
neutrality."
Hull Requests Protection
For 'City Of Flint' Crew
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. -()--
Secretary Hull took steps to protect
the American crew of the City of Flint
today by instructing the American
Embassies in Germany and England
to request those governments to
avoid exposing the crew to unneces-
sary danger.
Secretary Hull disclosed he still was
pressing Soviet Russia for full infor-
mation on what had happened to the
ship at Murmansk. He further dis-
closed that the Department of Justice
would prepare the Government's case
when the City of Flint seizure is tak-
en up by the German prize court at
Hamburg.
Norwegian Warship
Follows City Of Flint

BERGEN, Norway, Oct. 31.-(P)-
The American freighter City of Flint,
in command of a German prize crew,

F,
,
4:....,'..'
l
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