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October 29, 1939 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-10-29

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SUND

MICHIGAN DAILY

71

-/

11 1

dited and managed by students of the University of
higan under the authority of the Board in Control of
dent Publications,
ublisbed every morning except Monday during the
versity year and Summer Session.
Member of the Assodated Press
the Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
for republication of all news dispatches credited to
r not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
ts ofrepublication of all other matters herein also
rved.
itered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
nd class mail matter.
ibscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATTONAL. ADVERisSING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADIsoN AVE.' NEW YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO ' BOSTON * Los ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
mber, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40

Editorial
Petersen
;t Maraniss,
M. Swinton
n L. Linder
an A. Schorr . .
is Flanagan
N. Canavan
Vicary .
Fineberg . . .

Staff

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
.d City Editor
. Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
*Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor

BusinessStaff

ess Manager
Business Mgr., Credit Manager
n's Business Manager.
e's Advertising Manager
cations Manager'.

Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
* Jane Mowers
*Harriet S. Levy

NIGHT EDITOR: HERVIE HAUFLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views' of the writers
only..
Men And
The Alpha Phis...
A FTER more than a week of inspired
publicity for and against the alleged
statements of the Alpha Phis concerning the rel-
ative merits of men of Michigan and Yale, it is
about" time to look into the sorority gal's side of
the matter. As written in The Daily article, the
girls were quoted as having been deprecatory to
no small degree about the male element of the
campus.
True or not, there is no doubt that such a
statement, closely aligned as- it is, with the age
old battle of the sexes, is wonderful copy. With-
out a moment's hesitation all the men on campus
either write scorching letters to the editors or
think they ought to. Immediately following this
action, the women step in, defending their own.
It never fails, nor has it failed this time.
The situation is reminiscent of the remark
made by H. C. L. Jackson, Detroit News column-
ist, concerning a sure fire method of arousing
interest in a new column. All that is necessary
according to Jackson, .is to insert boldly in the
first copy of said column a statement to the ef-
fect that no rat could ever carry an egg up a
flight of stairs. That is all that's necessary. Let-
ters will pour in for months, and the writer's
cares are over.
The only trouble with publicity of this nature
is that the subject of the argument is usually
the unwilling goat. In the case of the rat it is
quite possibly doesn't make much difference. But
in the case of the Alpha Phis, it does, particularly
when the general consensus of opinion at that
house was that none of the abusive criticisms
were ever made, at least in the form in which
they appeared. And being personable girls, most
of whom will be on the campus for a few years,
it seems unlikely that they would so jeopardize
their social life for ten inches on the front page.
A possibility, of course, is of one or two mem-
bers of the group making several untowardly
remarks, and these being taken up as the attitude*
of the whole. In any event some consideration
should be given to the Phis and the fact that all
the sound and fury might not be laid directly at
their door.
-Robert Bogle
Appeal For Freedom
"The central issue the University confronts
is how adequately to offer its students the chance
they deserve. It will not be easy. It means more
freedom-for teacher and student alike. It
means more leisure for thought, more oppor-
tunity for research. It means the recognition on
the part of the community that, as Edmund
Burke once said, the temple of truth should be
erected upon an eminence.
"If the citizens . . . want their students to get
from the University all that is in it to give,
they must be prepared to recognize that the road
to intellectual achievement lies through the high
road of freedom. They must be ready for experi-
ment in ideas. They must recognize that a new
world is being created before our eyes, and that
we cannot map its frontiers without' the risk of
a voyage of exploration. They must be willing
for the economist and political'scientist to do
in the realm of idaswhat TLewii s and . lr di

DRAMA'
By JAMES E. GREEN
LESS than three years ago a sizeable portion
of the student body and faculty traveled into
Detroit to the Cass Theatre to see Maurice Evans
in Richard II and as Falstaff in Henry IV. Evans
was not an unknown before that but his brilliant
performance in the first of those two plays,
Richard H, convinced most of those who saw him
that they were viewing the beginning of a great
career as a Shakespearean actor. Next wee
Evans will again be at the Cass, but this time
he comes in the play that is the final test and
the crowning glory for all Shakespeareans,
Hamlet. .We can't pretend that certain rumors
haven't filtered through from Broadway as to
the calibre of his performance but it would be
equally useless to pretend that most of us are
not excited and expectant.
It would be unjust to say that the acting of
Hamlet rescues it from the hands of the scholars.
That would be to presume that it needs such
succor. Textual and interpretative criticism may
often seem to lack perspective, may often seem
to be piddling stuff when compared with the po-
etry and the profundity of the whole, but too
often we forget how great a part that scholar-
ship has played in establishing that whole as we
know it today. It is, however, of no particular
value to have in mind all of the interpretations
that have been put upon Hamlet's character.
We can't forget that Hamlet was written to be
acted, and with the actor lies the interpretation
of ,the prince that we shall see upon the stage.
For the scholar, it is true, there will be a double
interest, but the peculiar fascination that the
character of Hamlet has worked upon the mind
of the western world for the past century and a
half has become so much a part of our intellec-
tual equipment that all of us inevitably bring to
the play a premonition of greatness to come. All
of this may be considered a kind of cautionary
statement.
Part of Shakespeare, the great poet, appears
upon the printed page but there is nothing more
than an academic appreciation of Shakespeare,
the playwright. It is into the theatre that
Shakespeare is continually forcing us and we can
all go without a Variorum edition and a flash-
light.
It is interesting to note that the advance no-
tices advertise this uncut version of the play as
"the Hamlet that Shakespeare really wrote".
This I suppose is to distinguish it from the nu-
merous acting versions that have been the stock
of most Shakepearian companies for several dec-
ades. But the Hamlet that will be presented upon
the stage at the Cass is a Hamlet that Shakes-
peare never saw. There are really three impor-
tant texts of Hamlet extant, the First or "Bad"
Quarto, the Second or "Good" Quarto and the
First Folio. The First Quarto was probably a
pirated edition of Hamlet as Shakespeare first
conceived it; the Second Quarto, which appeared
a few years later, is accepted as substantially
Shakespeare's final thought. It was almost twice
as long as the first version but the first did con-
tain some lines that had disappeared from the
second. The First Folio does not differ greatly
from the Second Quarto. The version that ap-
pears in most editions today and the one Evans
is acting is a composite of the first two with some
additions from the Folio. Evans, like the ed-
itors, seems to consider that every thing Shakes-
peare wrote is worth reproducing. It is a thought
with which most of us at least partially sym-
pathize.
J/ feemrtloVAl
Heywood Broun
The other fellow's stuff is always called prop-
aganda. Such opinion or factual narrative as
your side puts out is useful educational material.
And this is one of the gaps which must be bridged

music
By RICHARD BENNETT
Africa is found to be a land of mysterious
people not the least interesting of whom are the
Ovimbundu, a tribal people of Bihe, island terri-
tory of Angola, or Portuguese West Africa. Now
these Ovimbundu have to their credit a set of
classic proverbs, a number of highly imaginative
stories and the Ochingufu. Their proverbs are
succinct bits of wisdom that in taste and conno-
tation suffer by comparison neither with those
of Solomon nor Poor Richard. Here follows the
neatest yet on record: "The lion needs no ser-
vant." And its variant: "The pig has no servant,
the lion needs none." Considering that it was
born of the blood and torture of the Portuguese
slave-trade, one need not feel that he is stretch-
ing the point too much in viewing this proverb
as a mild indictment of imperialism.
Then there is the story of how the dog be-
came the friend of man. It runs somewhat as
follows: "Once upon a time a leopard intrusted
a starving dog with the care of her cubs. All
went well till a turtle appeared upon the scene
and induced the dog to bring out one of the cubs
and share it between them, saying she could show
the leopard the same cub twiceover and persuade
her that the whole brood was flourishing. This
went on very satisfactorily for some days, the
dog and turtle devouring a cub daily, and the
dog producing one of the cubs for the leopard's
inspection twice, three times, four times over, as
the case demanded. As last only one cub was
left alive, and it had to be produced eight or nine
times, according to the original number of the
litter. Next day there was no cub left at all, and
the dog invited the leopard to walk into the den
and contemplate her healthy young nursery for
herself. No sooner had she entered the cave then
the dog bolted for the nearest village, and rushed
among the huts, crying, 'Man, man, the leopard
is coming!' Since which day the dog has never
left the village, but has remained the friend of
man."
But most interesting of all is the Ochingufu.
Though first conceived by tribes deeper in the
interior, the Ovimbundu should be given some
credit for it, for, like the Romans, they seem to
perpetrate its existence. The Ochingufu is an
enormous drum, shaped like an old fashioned
carpet bag, half open, except that the top is
longer than the bottom. Henry Wood Nevinson
goes on to describe it and its effect upon him in
his book, A Modern Slavery; "It measures about
four feet high by some three feet long, and is
about eight inches broad at the bottom, the sides
tapering as toward the mouth. The inside is
hollowed out with axes, the whole being made of
one solid block of wood. ' Half way along the
sides, near the ' top of mouth, rough lumps of
rubber are fixed, and these are thumped either
with a rubber-headed drumstick or with the fist,
while the second player taps the wood with a bit
of stick. The result is the most overwhelming
sound I ever heard. I know the war drum, and I
know the glory of the drums in the Ninth Sym-
phony, but I have never known an instrument
that had such an effect upon the mind as that
African ochingufu. To me it is intensely de-
pressing. At its first throb my heart sinks into
my boots. Far from being aroused to battle by
such a sound, my instinct would be to hide un-
der the blanket. But to the native soul it is
truly inspiring. To all their great dances this is
the sole accompaniment. Many a time, along
the great foot-path of trade, I have seen a car-
rier bringing down the drum as part of his load
from some village hundreds of miles east of Bihe,
and I have wondered at the demon of terror and
revelry which lay enchanted in that common-
looking piece of hollow wood."
Now consider: if it could somehow be deter-
mined that the ochingufu would always produce
in civilized' man a feeling of depression and a
hide-under-the-blanket reaction, then would it
not be the moral imperative of our government
to commence immediately adapting all its mar-
tial music that is to be used for 'M' day to the
ochingufu? Not only would we be enervated in-
stead of stimulated to conquest, but we would
tuck our blanket in under our own Atlantic and
Pacific coasts and remain safe and warm. What

with all those enormous trees in California we
should be able to afford an ochingufu for every
village and hamlet in these United States and
three for the American Legion. In short, this
amazing instrument evolved by the Zambesis
could be tremendously useful at this time, if only
every American found its effect upon himself to
be the same as that on Henry Nevinson.
Der Fuehrer having denied that he has designs
on Belgium, Belgium proceeds to strengthen its
defenses.
* * *
Counting noses in the United States Senate
before a vote is taken is a mere proboscidiferous
precaution.
* * *
When the embargo is lifted timorous United
States Senators can ask Hitler to excuse it
please.
* * *
Hitler should have known that the time to stop
the war was before he started it.
*. * *
As were their former wearers, strapless eve-
ning gowns are now out.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Reich. They are carrying on the conflict be-
cause England is still intent on destroying Ger-
many and enslaving its citizens. The English, on
the other hand, are seeking only peace and se-
curity against the aggression of a dictator who
has constantly reached out for additonal terri-
tory in spite of pledges. And the French, like-
wise, are fighting to preserve the hearth and
VI fNT- o

the
Drew PedrsrR
Robert S.Allen
WASHINGTON-So far as the
public can tell, the President has as-
siduously kept out of the neutrality
debate since his message to Congress
last month. But privately he has
been doing plenty of talking-partic-
ularly to critical Congressman.
Illustrative of the arguments he is
using to win the votes badly needed
to put embargo repeal through the
House was his heart-to-heart cha
with James F. O'Connor, white-hair-
ed, earnest Montana Representative
The two men are old friends and
Roosevelt opened the conversation
on a personal note.
"I hear you are against me, Jim,'
he said, "and that's kind of tough
to take from an old friends like you
We've usually pulled together in the
past and I need your support more
than ever now."
"Matter of fact, Mr. President,'
said O'Connor, smiling, "if you had-
n't called me there, I would.be blast-
ing away at your bill this very min-
ute. I had a special order to speak
today, but canceled it when I go
your phone call."
"I appreciate that, Jim," replie
Roosevelt warmly. "Now tell me wha
you've got against our bill. I know~
I don't have to tell you that I am
just as determined to keep the coun-
try out of war as you are."
"I know that, Mr. President, but
my chief objection to the bill is tha
we would be going against an airtigh
embargo policy laid down by Con-
gress in 1935 and reaffairmed in 1936
and '37. To change that policy, nowv
that war has broken out, seems to
me unneutral. The fact that Ger-
many may benefit if we don't lift the
embargo is only incidental, in my
opinion, and doesn't alter the situa-
tion. It looks as if we are going ou
of our way to crack down on one
particular belligerant."
Neutrality And Aggressors
Roosevelt looked out of the win-
dow contemplatively for a moment
and then slowly replied in effect:
"Jim, your argument would be
plausible except that your premise
is wrong. Congress had a specifc
nation in mind in 1936 when it pass-
ed the original neutrality act-Italy
Ethiopia, the invaded nation, was toc
poor to buy arms, at least on a scale
with Italy.,
1"You must not forget, 'Jim, tha
from the very beginning of the trou-
ble in Europe, we have been com-
mitted irrevocably against aggressors
The 1936 act was intended primaril
to prevent Mussolini from getting
arms. Now we are in the position of
helping another aggressor, Hitler, so
long as the arms embargo remains in
effect."
"But, Mr. President," asked O'Con-
nor, "how can you reconcile repeal
of the embargo with keeping this
country out of war?"
The President's answer to this was
another question: "Jim, what do you
think got us into the last war?"
"As I see it, two things were re-
sponsible. Entangling credit alliances
and the sinking of our ships."
"Very well," retorted Roosevelt.
"The neutrality bill guards against
the sinking of our ships by excluding
them from combat areas, and the
Senate has banned credits through
an amendment."
O'Connor admitted this, but said
there still was one other question
troubling him. "There is' a lot of

talk going around," he said, "about
Hitler coming over here if he defeats
the Allies. Do you think he will?"
"No, I don't," was Roosevelt's
prompt answer. "But if he should
win, I am firmly convinced he will
try to get at us economically. He'll
do his best to undermine our foreign
trade, especially in South America."
Just The Man
Kentucky's new Senator "Happy"
Chandler has been a great boon to
Jack Garner.
For months the Vice President has
been trying to get a Senator to fill
a vacancy on the special phosphates
investigating committee. The other
day, encountering Chandler, Garner
inquired innocently, "What do you
know about phosphates?"
"Nothing," grinned "Happy".
"Swell! You're just the man for
the phosphates committee. I'll ap-
point you."
Note--One of the first things
Chandler did upon arriving in Wash-
ington was to call on Secretary
Woodring and recommend Major
Joseph Kelly of the Kentucky Na-
tional Guard for Chief of the Militia
Bureau, with the rank of Major Gen-
eral. Nothing is too good for "Hap-
py's" friends.
Dr. Udo Aile To Address
Acadeny In Philadelphia
I- T.- T 'r',- -mP 4.. . . , t

(Continued from Page 3)

coordination with the religious com-
mittee.
German Table for Faculty Members:
The regular luncheon meeting will be
held Monday, Oct. 30, at 12:10 p.m.
in the Founders' Room of the Michi-
gan Union. All faculty members in-
terested in speaking German are cor-
dially invited. There will be a brief
informal talk by'Prof. Hanns Pick on,
"Die politische Lage der Schweize."
Physical 'Education for Women:
Registration for the indoor season in
t physical education will be held in
- Barbour Gymnasium at the following
- hours:
Friday, November 3-8:30 to 12:00
1 a.m. and 1:00 to 5:00 p.m.
Saturday, November 4-8:30 to
12:00 a.m.
* Botanical Seminar will meet Wed-
nesday, November 1, at 4:30 p.m. in
room 1139, N.S. Bldg. A paper will
be given by Wm. Randolph Taylor:
"The Allan Hancock Expedition of
1939 to Central America and the
southern Caribbean."
Biological Chemistry Seminar: The
t seminar in Biological Chemistry will
meet in Room 319 West Medical
Building, at 7 p.m., Tuesday, October
t 31. The subject to be discussed is
"Ascorbic Acid: Determination-Bio-
logical Synthesis and Excretion--Hu-
- man Requirement." All interested are
invited to atten-d.
t Electrical Engineers: The second
meeting of the local branch of
- A.I.E.E. will be Tuesday, October 31,
at 7:30 p.m. in the Union. Mr. George
Opp of the Detroit Edison Company
will be the speaker. His topic will
be "The Safety Engineer". This
meeting has many promises since
the subject of safety Engineering, to
- our knowledge, is a brand new topic.
Physics Colloquium: Prof. George
E. Uhlenbeck will speak on "Proper-
ties of Gases at Low Temperatures
at the Physics Colloquium on Mon-
day afternoon, Oct. 30, at 4:15 p.m
in Room 1041 E. Physics Bldg.
Zoology Seminar: Mr. Alfred Perl-
mutter will report on "Variation of
American North Atlantic Marine
Fishes Correlated with the Environ-
ment" on Thursday, November 2, at
7:30 p.m. in the Amphitheater of
the Rackham Bldg.
1940 graduates in Mechanical, Elec-
trical, Chemical, Industrial Engineer-
ing, and Chemistry:
Mr. Atkinson of the Procter and
. Gamble Company will be in Room
7348 West Engineering Building -at
7 o'clock Monday evening, Oct. 30,
for the purpose of outlining oppor-
tunities for college graduates. Pre-
liminary forms will be filled out at
that time.
It is requested that as many seniors
and graduate students as find it
possible attend this group meeting.
The Bibliophile Section of the Fac-
ulty Women's Club will meet with
Mrs. Carl E. Burkland, 1561 Marl-
boro, Tuesday, October 31, at 2:30
p.m.
The Interior Decoration Section of
the Faculty Women's Club will open
its season next Thursday, November
2, with a "get-acquainted" party.
This event will be the only informal
meeting of the group which is con-
ducted as a lecture course. This open-
ing meeting is scheduled for 3:00
p.m. in the Michigan League. All
members and faculty women inter-
ested in joining the group are wel-
come to attend.
Michigan Dames: The Bridge
group will meet at the League on
Wednesday, Nov. 1, at eight o'clock.
The room will be posted on the bulle-
tin board. All Dames wh play bridge

or want to learn are welcome.
Michigan .Dames: .Homemaking
group meets Tuesday, Oct. 31, at
eight o'clock at the home of Mrs. S.
T. Dana, 2031 Hill Street.
Women's Research Club: The reg-
ular November meeting will be held
on Monday, October 30, at 7:30 p.m.
in the West Lecture Room of the
Rackham Building. The speaker will
be Dr. Martha G. Colby and her sub-
ject will be "The Development of
Abstraction Processes and their Re-
lation to Human Intelligence."
Michigan Dames: Click and Stitch
group will have its first meeting in
the League, Nov. 2, at eight o'clock.
Bring the handwork you are now
doing along with direction books.
A general outline of the year's work
will be organized and assignment of
interests made.
Churches
Disciples Guild, (Church of Christ):
10:45 a.m., Morning Worship, Rev.

11 a.m. Morning Prayer and Sermon
by The Rt. Rev. Lewis B. Whitte-
more, Bishop of the Diocese of Wes-
tern Michigan, and Junior Church;
11 a.m. Kindergarten, Harris Hall;
7 p.m. Student Meeting, Harris Hall.
Speaker, Bishop Whittemore. Topic,
"Ten Ancient Rules for Living," third
in series on Foundations of our Reli-
gion. Ypsilanti Y.P.F., guests. The
eight o'clock Communion Sunday
morning is a corporate Communion
and breakfast for students from
Grand Rapids.
First Methodist Church: Morning
worship at 10:40 a.m. Dr. C. W. Bra-
shares will preach on "Wrestlers
With the World."
Stalker Hall: Student Class at 9:45
a.m. Sunday. Mr. Lawrence Vrede-
voogd will lead the discussion. Wes-
leyan Guild Meeting at 6 p.m. at the
Church. A group from the Drama
Club will present "The Whistle Blows"
for the program. Fellowship hour and
supper following the meeting.
Trinity Lutheran Church, Wil-
liams and Fifth, will hold its worship
services at 10:30 on Srday morn-
ing. Rev. H. O. Yoder will deliver
the sermon.
Zion Lutheran Church, Washington
and Fifth Streets, will hold its wor-
ship services at 10:30 a.m. Rev. Stell-
horn will deliver the sermon.
First Congregational Church, State
and WilliamrStreets, Dr. Leonard A.
Parr, Minister.
10:45 a.m. Public worship. Dr.
Parr will preach on "Mud Slingers and
Stone Throwers."
6 p.m. The Student Fellowship will
meet at the church for supper.
7 p.m. Prof. Howard Y. McClusky
will address the group on "Making
Friends on the Campus."
Student Evangelical Chapel: Any-
one interested in evangelical Chris-
tianity is cordially invited to attend
the Sunday worship services conduct-
ed by Dr. G. Goris, of Grand Rapids.
in the Michigan League. (See League
Bulletin Board for the assigned
room).
At the 10:30 a.m. service Dr. Goris
will speak on "A Friend of Deity."
The topic of the sermon for the
7:30 p.m. service will be "Wholesome
Traditionalism."
On Fridays at 8 this group spon-
sors a program of social and recrea-
tional activities in the Fireside Room
at Lane Hall.
Church ob Jesus Christ of 'Latter
Day Saints, Sunday school and dis-
i cussion groups 9:30 a.m. in the Chapel
* of the Women's League.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St. Sunday morning
service at 10:30.
Subject: "Everlasting Punishment."
Sunday school at 11:45 a.m.
First Presbyterian Church, 1432
Washtenaw Ave.
10:45 a.m., Religious Convictions,
"Why We Misbehave as Humans" will
be the subject of Dr. W. P. Lemon's
sermon at the Morning Worship Serv-
ice.
5:30 p.m., The Westminster Guild,
student group, will meet for a sup-
per and fellowship hour. Dr O. S..
Yoder, superintendent of the Ypsi-
lanti State Hospital, will speak on
"Religion and Mental Health."
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron.
Rev. C. H. Loucks, Minister.
Sunday Services.
9:30nGraduate Bible Class.
Prof. Leroy Waterman, teacher.
10:45, Morning Worship. Sermon
topic, "God's Confessional."
12 noon, Student Round Table.
Discussion topic, "What About Pray-
er?"

6:15, Roger Williams Guild in the
Guild House, 503 E. Huron. Freshmen
members have charge of the program.
Ann Arbor Friends (Quakers) Si-
lent meeting for worship at 5 p.m.
at the Michigan League. At 6 p.m.
a group will give informal reports of
their impressions of the recent meet-
ing of the American Friends Service
Committee Meeting in Indianapolis.
Supper in Russian Tea Room at 7
p.m. All interested are welcome.
Unitarian Church, State and Hu-
ron Sts. 11 a.m. Mr. Marley will
speak on "The Poet's Measure of
Things."
8 p.m. Informal Party and Dance.
Music by McKay Orchestra.
Hillel Foundation: Reform services
will be held at the Foundation at
11:00 a.m. In the absence of Dr.
Isaac Rabinowitz, Mr. Kenneth Mor-
gan, director of the Student Religious
Association, will occupy the pulpit
and deliver the sermon, entitled "End
and Means".
St. Mary's Catholic Chapel: 503
E. Williams. Sunday Mass: 8:00,
10:00 and 11:30; Daily Mass, 7:00.

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

~ J

before there can be a world
of peace and security. In
the ancient anecdote an
Englishman remarked, 'The
French are very curious.
You know they call ham
"jambon." "But", his friend
protested, "you know a
Frenchman might say that
we English were peculiar in
calling jambon ham."

"Don't be silly," replied the first and 'duller of
the two Englishmen; "you know as well as I do
that it really is ham."
If there were a universal language interna-
tional understanding might be easier, but none
of the artificial creations, such as Esperanto,
seems to have made much progress, and no na-
tion will surrender its own tongue save at the
point of the sword. Nevertheless, it is now pos-
sible for a very considerable number of persons
in many lands to hear the voice of the neutral
by means of radio. Against that is the fact that
in totalitarian lands any messages from the out-
side world are promptly made contraband and
shut out.
* * *
Several months ago Irving Caesar, the song
writer, advanced a plan for freedom of the air
under which all nations would grant the right
of other countries, at least for a limited extent,
to unimpeded access for official pleas by radio.
Thus, before hostilities, it would be possible for
a spokesman in England to talk directly to the
German people and vice-versa. As a matter of
fact, I am under the impression that the voice

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