Tfl~ MCRIG NRlIL
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Stand For Peace Remains Firm
Despite New Blitzkrieg Editor
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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By HERVIE HAUFLER
T IS ONE-THIRTY Friday morning and we
are sitting here listening to the radio bulle-
tins from Europe. They tell of another German
blitzkrieg, spreading the war to Holland, Bel-
gium and Luxembourg. Between the dispatches,
while swing bands play, the fellows debate ex-
citedly this new move in world affairs.
This is too big a moment to be fully under-
stocl all at once. It should be broken up and
taken a bit at a time. Dazed, tense, we sit
here and listen to the communiques that are
like paint-strokes filling in a grim and terrible
picture. A bulletin comes in announcing that
Holland is flooding her lowlands in a desperate
effort to check the German invaders.
We argue about England, we attack Cham-
berlain, we debate on what Italy will do, what
Japan is planning for the Dutch Indies.
We ask ourselves what this event-this blood-
spilling half a world away-will mean to us.
Several of the boys believe this is the turning
point, that America will not drift inexorably
into an economic war with Germany. There will
be no sending of troops, they say-all that
the Allies need are our supplies and money.
Hitler must be stopped, even if we must pay
THE DISPATCHES confuse me. This is a
trend I have opposed from the first-I
cannot but believe that money and supplies
ultimately mean men. I have taken the hard-
headed view that whatever happens to Eng-
land and France is not our concern. Although
I believe the Allies are fighting the "holier"
war and I would prefer to see them win (since
one side must apparently receive the meaning-
less label of "victor"), I cannot believe that
we should bleed ourselves white, either physi-
cally or economically, to secure victory for an
England that is giving ever more support to
the "treat Germany rough" line of thought.
Our blood will purchase only another smashed
Germany, another Hitler, another rearming,
That is what I have thought. For the moment
I am not so sure. The radio bulletins batter
at my assurance. I say to myself: Don't let
Belgium-that poor little Belgium of the 1917
atrocity stories-be the hinge swinging us into
another war. Don't let this sympathy we Amer-
icans have for the underdog launch us again
into something we will only regret when the
inventory of blood and bankruptcy is at last
made. But tonight I am not so firm in my
conviction. There are boys here who say they
are willing to go to Europe now in an effort
to stop Hitler. They visualize a great land-
grabbing in which Germany, Italy and Russia
will divide up Europe, Russia will get India,
and Japan will take China, the Dutch East In-
dies and maybe the Philippines. Some of the
boys are already at a war-pitch-at least for
tonight, while the radio bulletins punctuate the
\ music. Besides their ardor my leave-it-alone
attitude seems pale and weak, selfish and os-
trich-like, antithetical to all idealism.
AND YET I know that that is the danger:
this is a terrific blow at peace. This is tilting
down many an American on war's side of the
fence. This may well be the divide whose down-
ward slope leads to complete war hysteria.
And it is no time for feeling beaten in our
resolve for peace. Tonight's events need effect
no basic alteration in our stand. This is a time
for those of us who have not submitted to war-
thinking to reaffirm our demand for peace
more strongly than ever. For us the events
of this night should mean only one thing: We
have a new legion of recruits facing us from
the camp of war.
Paul M. Chandler
Howard A. Goldman
. . . Editorial Director
. . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
Business Manager . .
Promotion Manager . .
Credit Manager . .
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
T rHEY USED TO SAY, and they still
do, that you can't have silly, ideal-
istic theorists running governments. You have
$o have "hard-headed" politicians and busi-
nessmen in control of things, men who know
what's going 'on and who have the practical
knowledge necessary for directing the affairs
of a great country. In fact, even the small
countries need "hard-headed" businessmen and
politicians. The practical leaders who are run-
ning England at the present .time, however,
don't seem to be doing so well. They are being
out-tricked by Herr Hitler all the time. And
the only man in Great Britain who has pro-
posed and done anything to help general con-
ditions is, of all things, an economic theorist-
John Maynard Keynes.
In this day of confusion and votes of confi-
Blence, Keynes, always trying to help his coun-
try, has brought out a plan whereby he hopes
Great Britain may avoid much economic hard-
ship both during and after the war. He has
brought before the English people a concrete
proposal complete with all the conditions of
warfare provided for. He is not the silly, fan-
piful theorist here, he is the English patriot
and thinking economist who is offering his
country the benefit of his training, studie
and intelligence at a time when such qualities
seem painfully absent.
In brief, Keynes would have forced deposits
placed on wages and incomes of all citizens
and held by the government until the war s
over. This forced deposit would stop in some
measure the inflation that comes in wartime
when earning power-that is, money wages-
is raised abnormally high without a correspond-
ing increase in real goods produced. There is
a lot of money in circulation since everyone
is put to work on something, and, consequently,
there is great competition for products. But,
alas, no more real goods are produced; in fact,
much of industry is pressed into munitions
production. The result is that the competition
for the limited supply of real goods is so keen
that prices shoot up, inflation is apt to result
and workers have a harder time than before,.
because their money is worth very little to
The forced deposit would remove some of
this money from circulation, keep inflation
down. After the war, this money, in the form
of savings, can be used for the reconstruction.
The money that is being saved during war-
time will be used for wartime expenses, Keynes
proposes ,and the savers will be paid back after
the war by capital levies. Thus we have one
intelligent plan submitted by an Englishman
to his people, and the politicians are just one
plan behind. There are faults with the Keynes
proposal. He is not too definite about the cap-
ital levy and how it is to be legislated. The
greatest fault seems to lie in the fact that the
release of the stored funds' after the war will
tend to be inflationary unless production is
quickly stepped up. But these are faults that
can be corrected by consultation, by argument
in Parliament. That is, they can be corrected
if the hard-headed businessmen and Tory pol-
iticians who have been busy doing nothing will
recognize that the government must take over
new duties and make use of new ideas.
27~EDITOR gt3 o7d1-
Those Ypsi Letters .,..
To whomever on The Daily staff con-
siders him or herself an authority on the
girls from Michigan State Normal, and
We're sick and tired of hearing what the
Michigan men think of the Ypsi girls, who are
"very fine girls, so they say," or "keep away,"
or however that song goes.
With reference to your amusing little article
of May 8, we must admit that the percentage
of "goon girls" at Ypsilanti is very nearly a'
high as it is at Michigan, so we certainly appre-
ciate your comment that most of the Ypsi
girls have "fairly nice personalities." That's
very generous, for a Michigan student, Mr.
Wunsch. Maybe you'd like to know what we
think of the "contemporary generation of Uni-
versity students,"-and maybe you wouldn't.
Smokey Stover has 'a word for it.
What's the matter with the way we do our
hair? We like it. You don't really like that
shaggy, wild and woolly, amateur glamour girl
effect that seems to go over among coeds here,
do you? We just guess you'd better stick to
the Michigan girls. You don't sound as though
we'd like you much anyway.
Ruth Marian Thompson
Mary Ann McLean Thompson
To the Editor:
If we didn't know so many nice Michigan
boys, we'd boycott you. So there!
Do you remember what happened when the
Yale boys came to Ann Arbor last fall? You
didn't like the Michigan girls so well then.
We have come to the conclusion that you
don't know what you want, you're conceited
and spoiled, and a lot of you talk too much.
The Ypsi Girls
* * *
To the Editor:
We don't want to get personal, but imagine
quoting Hal Wilson on the topic of silliness.
You ought to play 'golf with him sometime!
* * *
To the Editor:
Maybe we aren't so terribly good looking.
We come from a school where intelligence and
charm of manner are a lot more important
than a pretty face.
But so far we've had no complaints, and we
have a number of reasons to believe that all the
Michigan men don't agree with the ones quoted
in The Daily. These reasons carry quite a bit
of weight around here, too. Something like 175
The Uphold Ypsilanti Committee
But More Seriously.,..
To the Editor:
In the old days, people sat in the aisles to
listen to religious debates-now it is politics.
As I listened to the Slosson-Multila debate, I
wondered if they were not reproducing some
of the old fundamentalist fireworks. The hot
partisanship of those who came to "learn" was
also reminiscent of people sure of their own
It seemed to me that the undertones of the
debate were more significant than the map
and the unused pointir. The announced topic
wasn't strictly followed by speakers or listeners.
the Finland of Mannerheim or the Finland of
a suppressed workers' party? Whose Latvia,
whose Poland, whose Norway, and since the
night of the debate, whose England?
I'd like to hear another debate which would
keep this distinction in mind. It might make
for clarity to argue the proposition, "Resolved,
that a workers' government can be trusted.1
And, just to make the scales balance, why not
have a professor and a labor leader on each
side of the argument? It's not sporting to
have the professors gang up on the organizers
when they venture on to the campus.
If this war is a horizontal one-a war of
parties and classes, rather than a vertical one
of nations, let us do our debating on this basis.
We may never convince each other, but our
"plan of salvation" will be more realistic.
- H. P. Marley,
Edison And U.S. Navy Defense
S ECRETARY of the Navy Edison's statement
that "aircraft now have a temporary ad-
vantage over ships" is liable to many inter-
pretations or misinterpretations, particularly so
at this time, when an unprecedented test of sea
power versus air power is being made in the
grim laboratory of war off the Norwegian coast.
Mr. Edison's press conference remarks were not
explicit, but it is clear that he was discussing
two related but vastly different subjects: first,
the effect of air power upon naval design, and
second, the effect of air power upon naval tac-
tics and naval strategy.
Most of the discussion seemed to center
around the first subject, and here the Secretary
emphasized his belief that there is need of
changes in naval design-"putting anti-air-
craft guns in turrets and placing control ap-
paratus where it will be protected," eliminating
splinter-causing structures, etc. His conclu-
sions in this respect will not represent a new
thought to naval designers, but he has done
well to voice again criticisms that have long
been made; for only recently have our own
naval designers incorporated in our new ships
measures such as those which Mr. Edison advo-
cates. Even the newest of our ships-such as
the Brooklyn class of cruisers-have had too
much built-up bridge structure forward, too
much tenement-house design, somewhat after
the pagoda-like pattern of the Japanese, in-
stead of the simple but heavily armored "cone"
mast like the French Algerie, or our newest
battleships now on the ways.
In these respects we have lagged and Mr.
Edison is right in calling attention to that lag.
But at the same time it should be pointed out
that the basic design of our ships appears to
be rugged and to compare favorably with fcV-
eign vessels. And it is still the underwater hull
of a man-of-war-not its upper decks-that is
its Achilles heel. The bomb is formidable, but
the modern mine and torpedo, carrying per-
haps twice the explosive charges of most of
those used in the World War, are even more
so. Since the sinking of the British battleship
Royal Oak in Scapa Flow by German torpedoes
the design of the underwater hull of our 45,000
ton giants-Iowa and New Jersey-has been
entirely modified in order to give these ships
even more cellular compartmentation than had
been planned, and thus to localize underwater
damage and flooding. But despite the triple
or quadruple skins of the modern battleship's
By JOHN SCHWARZWALDER
It seems that each concert of this
year's May Festival brings to Ann
Arbor the talents of at least one
soloist who is pre-eminent in his
field. Friday afternoon Arthur
Schnabel, perhaps the greatest of
contemporary interpreters of the
works of Beethoven, played the Con-
certo No. 4 in G major, Opus 58. Mr.
Schnabel is, of course, far beyond our
praise or censure and a review of his
ability to interpret Beethoven must
of necessity be more an appreciation
than a criticism. Schnabel, then, is
that rarest being among artists, he
who combines tremendous technical
ability with an uncanny mental and
intellectual understanding of the
work he is about. If this alone were
not enough it should be noted that he
approaches perhaps more closely,
than any performing artist the defi-
nition of that critic who insisted that
an artist must be able, intellectually,
to correlate theworld in which he
lives with the music which he plays.
A listener hearing Mr. Schnabel
play, feels at once that here is an
artist who realizes intellectually and
emotionally just what the world is
about, just how art and the things
pertaining to the spirit are intimately
related to each material breath a liv-
ing organism must take. The impor-
tance of this in a world where artists
are too prone to withdraw themselves
into a background of retreat or de-
spair cannot be over-estimated.
As to the music itself it should be
said that the artist played it in mood
and feeling as the output of a sincere
and emotionally potent creator who
was searching for an answer to prob-
lems that remain essentially unsolv-
able. The quiet strength of the com-
poser was matched by that of his
interpreters (for Mr. Ormandy and
the orchestra deserve a large part
of the credit) and by that of the
musical problem they attempted to
resolve. Seldom indeed has such
variety of tone color, such absorbing
emotional statement been wooed from
the piano. The cooperation of orches-
tra and soloist was one of those rare
events that occur when each has con-
fidence and unbounded respect for
The rest of the program brought
forth two Ormandy transcriptions of
Bach chorales, sensitively and care-
fully played, and the Young. People's
Chorus under Juva Higbee which
sang six utterly charming folk songs
and sang them very well indeed.
Marion McArtor's arrangements were
I exceptionally well done.
For the Santa Fe Trail Symphony
by Harl McDonald we could not mus-
ter any great enthusiasm. Granted
it is capably written atmospheric
music on an inspiring theme, granted
that it was capably played by the
orchestra and ably directed by its
composer, it still remains a rather
dull reminiscent score, too heavily
orchestrated and apparently con-
ceived in a moment bereft of inspira-
tion. It should make a beautiful
background for ahmeqdramatic movie
but by itself it hardly stands as an
important work. It is essentially pro-
gram music without a program.
WE HAVE the feeling that the ap-
pearance of Miss Lily Pons,
which highlighted the fourth fes-
tival concert should be covered
rather as a news event or on the
women's page than in this column.
Miss Pons sang well, of course, her
trills being perfect and her high E
flat all that can be asked of a high
E flat: but what excited and pleased
her audience most seemed to be her
1890 dress, complete with hoops and
paniers (honest) and her manner
of approach and departure which
was faintly reminiscent of a way-
ward colt. The best singing she did,
in the Mozart aria from II Re Pas-
tore was the least appreciated so
probably Miss Pons is right and we
are wrong, but we still feel that
style shows and mannerisms are in
place elsewhere than on the concert
stage. We realize that the whole
history of the coloratura is again.qt
us and with Miss Pons but the cir-
cus came to town last week.
The first local appearance of Jo-
seph Szigeti coincided with that of
Miss Pons. We say coincided but Mr.
Szigeti deserves more than that. In
his playing of the Chausson Poeme
he conclusively showed a tremendous
technique and a sensitive and able
musicianship. The warmth of his
playing was especially welcome to
an audience that had had up to that
time little evidence of emotion.
The interpretation of the Franck
Symphony by Mr. Ormandy and the
orchestra was novel, at least as far
as we are concerned, but it revealed
the artistry of the conductor all the
more for that. Franck's intentions
are hard to state definitely but it
is safe to say that they rose out of
the fundamentally religious nature
of his character. The search for the
ideal and the real is both tortuous
and harassing, but through these
paths comes the final realization of
religion or philosophy or what you
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
to the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, G. E.
Report of the Board in Control of
Student Publications, W. A. Mc-
Report of the. Committee on
Rhodes Scholarships, A. L. Cross
Report of the Committee on the
Henry Russel Award, R. L. Miller.
Report of the Committee on Uni-
versity Lectures, L. M. Eich.
Subjects Offered by Members of
Reports of the Standing Commit-
Program and Policy, E. B. Stason.
Educational Policies, O. S. Duf-
Student Relations, A. Marin.
Public Relations, S. W. Allen.
Plant and Equipment, C. S. Schoe-
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
To the Members of the University
Senate: There will be a meeting of
the University Senate on Monday,
May 20, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
German Departmental Library: All
books due not later than May 15.
Phi Beta Kappa: The keys for the
initiates may be obtained at the
office of the Secretary, Observatory.
JGP script deadline is November
15. The deadline for synopses or
first acts is July 1. All material
turned in during the summer should
be sent to the League in care of Miss
Ethel McCormick. The writer of the
script used for production will be
Mimes: The nominations for offic-
ers are posted in the Student Offices
of the Union. All members can ob-
tain ballots and vote there, until
Wednesday, May 15.
C211-Music Education-because of
music festival and rehearsals will
meet Monday, 4-6, Room 700 Tower,a
instead of the usual Saturday hour.,
Qualifying examinations for candi-
dates for the Degree Program for
Honors in Liberal Arts will be given
in Room 2235 Angell Hall on Mon-
day, May 13, at 3 p.m.
The Doctoral Examination of Lowell
Angus Woodbury will be held at 4:00
p.m., Monday, May 13, in 3089 N.S.
Mr. Woodbury'sdepartment oftspe-
cialization is Zoology. The title of
his thesis is "A Quantitative Study
of Parasites of Fishes with Speciali
Reference to Clinostomum margina-
turn in the Perch of Walsh Lake,
Dr. G. R. La Rue, as chairman of
the committee, will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral can-
didates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Ykumn
Doctoral Examination of Richard
Oliver Edgerton will be held at 2:00
p.m., Monday, May 13, in 309 Chem-
istry Bldg. Mr. Edgerton's depart-
ment of specialization is Chemistry.
The title of his thesis is "The Syn-
thesis of Polycyclic Compounds."
Dr. W. E. Bachmann, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
May Festival: The Schedule of
May Festival concerts is as follows:
Saturday, May 11, 2:30 p.m.: Joseph
Szigeti, Violinist; Emanuel Feuer-
mann, Violoncellist; The Philadel-
phia Orchestra; Eugene Ormandy,
Saturday, May 11, 8:30 p.m.: "Sam-
son and 'Delilah" by Saint-Saens.
Enid Szantho, Contralto; Giovanni
Martinelli, Tenor; Robert Weede,
Baritone; Norman Cordon, Bass;
the Philadelphia Orchestra; The Uni-
versity Choral Union; Thor Johnson.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Photographs of recent
architectural work in Florida in the
modern manner, by Architects Igor
B. Polevitzky and T. Trip Russell.
Ground floor corridor cases. Open
daily 9 to 5, through May 22, except
Sunday. The public is invited.
by Cleveland artists, drawings by
John Carroll, Walt Disney originals.
Auspices Ann Arbor Art Association
and University Institute of Fine Arts.
Open daily, 2-5 until May 22, Alumni
Memorial Hall. Sundays included,
An exhibition of the H. A. Elsberg
collection of coptic and islamic tex-
tiles of the University of Michigan.
Rackham Building, May 7 to May 18.
Notice to Medical Students: Dr.
William S. Middleton, Dean and Pro-
fessor of Medicine at the University
of Wisconsin Medical School, will de-
liver an Extracurricular Lecture to
the medical students on Tuesday,
May 14, at 4:15 p.m., in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. His topic will be
"The Tools with Which We Work."
All classes of the Medical School are
to be dismissed at 4:00 p.m., in order
that the students may attend this
Biological Chemistry Seminar: The
seminar in biological chemistry will
be held in Room 319, West Medical
Building, at 10:00 a.m. today.
The subject to be discussed is
"Chemical Factors in Immunity
Reactions." All interested are in-
The Angell Observatory will be
open to the public this eve-
ning, May 11, 8:00-10:00. The moon
and the planet Venus will be shown
through the telescopes. Other objects
of interest will be shown if time per-
mits. Children must be accompanied
The English Journal Club will
meet in the West Conference Room
of the Rackham Building, Wednes-
day, May 15, at 8 p.m. Mr. Morris
Greenhut will read a paper, "The
study of the humanities-the formal
vs. the historical approach."
Physics Colloquium: Professor Ed-
ward Teller of George Washington
University will speak on "Energy
Sources in Stars" on Monday, May
13, at 4:15 in Room 1041 E. Physics
Institute of the Aeronautical S-
,nces: Members intending to make
the trip to Buffalo, N.Y., to visit the
Curtiss-Wright and Bell Aircraft fac-
tories, should list their names on
the Bulletin Board of the' Aeronauti-
cal Engineering Department. De-
tails and expenses for the trip will
be explained there.
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical Building
Monday, May 13, at 8:00 pm. Sub-
ject: "Aciduric Organisms and Den-
tal Caries." All interested are in-
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m.
in the Founders' Room, Michigan
Union. All faculty members inter-
asted in speaking German are cordial-
ly invited. There will be a brief in-
Lormal talk by Professor William H.
Worrell on "Die Zauberkunst als LIeb-
Phi Eta Sigma., freshman honor
3ociety, will hold its spring initiation
in the Michigan Union on Monday,
May 13, at 5:30 p.m. The banquet
will follow at 6:15 p.m.
A tronomical Motion Pietires:
Some of the McMath-Hulbert motion
pictures of the moon, a total solar
eclipse, solar prominences, and other
phenomena will be shown for the
benefit of students electing courses
in astronomy at 4:15- Monday, May
13, in the Natural Science Auditor-
University Club: The annual meet-
ing and election of officers will be
held on Monday evening, May 13, in
the club lounge.
Acolytes meeting Monday at 7:30
in the Rackham Building. Mr. Copi-
lowich, Mr. Weitz, and Mr. Maluf
will conduct a symposium on the
The Fellowship of Reconciliation
meets in Lane Hall at '7:00 p.m. Mon-
day. Mr. Joseph Mazzawi will talk
on the Arab-Jewish problem in Pal-
Hillel Installation Banquet: Reser-
vations for annual Banquet Sunday,
May 19, at 8:30 p.m. may be made this
week by calling the Hillel Founda-
St. Andrew's Episcopal Chich:
Sunday, 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion;
11:00 a.m. Morning Prayer and Ser-
mon by the Reverend Henry Lewis,
and Presentation of Choir Awards: