THE MICHIG1TAN TDAILY
TI1TURSDAY, MAY 9. 1940
y . . V A-!L. ). \.a 4'1l 1 1 .Al L16. Y 1J 1
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Responsibility Of Liberal Students
Lies In Striving To Preserve Peace
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NIGHT EDITOR: CARL PETERSEN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the, views of the writers
For 1940 Editors
W ITH this issue, members of the sen-
ior staff disappear into the limbo of
forgotten editors, and become just names among
the thousands who have been associated with
The Daily in the course of its 50 years of service
to the University community.'
If through our efforts, The Daily has been
able to fulfill its function as the newspaper
of the University community, serving students,
faculty and administration faithfully, we are
gratified. For this has been our primary fore-
We have tried, in addition, to keep the
editorial columns abreast of the swiftly-moving
world events of the past twelve months; to keep
them fair and open; to champion at all times
the cause of truth and right.
The senior editors, feel confident that the
new staff headed by Hervie Haufler, Paul
Chandler and Alvin Sarasohn will carry on the
work of The Daily at the high level of jour-
nalistic excellence it has enjoyed for 50 years.
-- Carl Petersen
Stan M. Swinton
Norman A. Schorr
Morton L. Linder
By ELLIOTT MARANISS
T HE MOST PRESSING PROBLEM of our time
is that of war and peace. Clearly and starkly
the reality of war in Europe and of imminent
American involvement impresses itself upon the
hearts of all the people. The pervasive thunder-
ings of the cannons in Europe roar through our
own nation: they are heard in every home, fac-
tory, church and school.
War fever is an ugly and deadly disease. It
chokes the truth, kills the intelligence and in-
tegrity of men. It means a terrifying madness,
the result of a constant barrage of lies and
sophistries that whips up the blood until people
become savages. In such an atmosphere learn-
ing and culture and all the other attributes of a
university go down the never-ending drain of
bigotry and hate and intolerance. My purpose
here is to indicate some of the factors involved
in a discussion of war and peace in a university
community, to analyze some of the attitudes
being sponsored by intellectuals, scholars and
editors, and to point to the path leading to peace
and democracy that is being taken by ever-
increasing numbers of people inside and outside
of the university community.
THE FIRST RESPONSIBILITY of an intellec-
tual is to keep his eyes on reality and to pro-
claim the truth when he finds it; students and
scholars in this period of crisis have a profound
obligation to find and tell the truth about war
and , peace, about fascism, about democracy.
More than any other section of the population
we are obliged to resist the emotional currents of
government propaganda, the professional patri-
oteers, and the sensation-mongering daily press.
More than any other group we should be sensi-
tive to the daily threats to the basic civil liberties
of the American people that the war hysteria is
kicking up. Some of us surely remember the
horrible example of Mr. George Creel's crew of
regimented writers and teachers who deluded
themselves that they were supportig a "war
free from any taint of self-seeking, a war that
will secure the triumph of democracy and inter-
nationalize the world." Need one recall the ban-
ning of the German language from the Ameri-
can public schools; the violent persecution of
Debs; the militarization of the campuses; the
hounding of aliens and Negroes; and the expul-
sion of Beard from Columbia? Many of us are
certainly aware of the fact that to talk of peace
in a French university today is Grounds for a
treason trial; that the students in Great Britain
are waging an energetic campaign against the
war; that the students at the Universities of
Prague and Belgrade, in overwhelming numbers,
have called upon student friends in all parts of
the world to help bring the war to an end.
WITH WHOM are we to cast in our lot? For
whose benefit are we to exert our intelli-
gences, our will, our power? Are we to repeat,
parrot-like, the hypocritical utterances of states-
men who have never in their careers indicated
the slightest regard for democracy, for small
nations, for freedom? Or do we rally to the
cause of the imprisoned intellectuals in Nazi and
French concentration camps; of the heroic anti-
fascist fighters of Spain who suffer from disease
and destitution; of the French, British and
Czech students who call upon us to help in their
fight against the reactionary politics of Munich
that led to the present war?
I submit that a choice must be made, and
made quickly before we all drown in blood, be-
fore our own universities are turned over lock,
stock and barrel to the war machines. Did you
raise your voice in disgust at the racism and
chauvinism of the Nazi ideology? Did you pro-
test against the infamous non-intervention pol-
icy cooked up in London, Paris and Washington
against the Spanish Republic? Millions of us
did. And in the course of that struggle against
the blood and soil philosophy of Hitler we dis-
covered that at each stage of the process our
fight had to go hand in hand with a fight against
Chamberlain. It is one thing to fight Hitler's
system: it is another to preserve Chamberlain's.
We truly fight fascism only when we lend our
support to the forces working for peace. We do
not fight fascism when we give our support, no
matter .how neatly rationalized, to the forces
which betrayed us in Spain andCzechoslovakia.
THERE is one other aspect of the war disease
that deserves close attention, especially from
those who proclaim the defence of democracy.
There is being developed in this country, espe-
cially among certain liberals and intellectuals
whose perceptions of trans-oceanic deviltries
have suddenly been sharpened, a mood of com-
placency and self-congratulation in regard to
the status of American democracy. We are being
persuaded that we have such an abundance of
the good things at home that we would be selfish
Wanted: Unused Sheepskins
"The 1940 crop of college graduates will soon
be marching out into business," begins an item
from Forbes magazine.
For 10 years advice on how to get a job has
been cheap, but getting a job has not been
such an easy task.
The advice from Forbes magazine, however,
takes a different slant. It's not aimed at col-
lege students but is designed for employers.
"For the first time since 1929," the editors
assert, "many will march straight into jobs.
Not only because business is better, but also
because some 50 companies are now sending
'talent scouts' to leading universities, to gather
executive timber before it leaves the campus.
This is nothing new. But the practice is gain-
ing so much favor that no company can afford
to overlook it.
"In most cases, students are not judged on
their class records alone. Their appearance,
if we did not bestow the surpluses elsewhere,
even if it means throwing away a few hundred
thousand American lives. In the interest of
"national unity" we are being asked to close our
eyes to our own shortcomings. This is an atti-
tude and a mood that must be fought. The
stereotype, so shrewdly cultivated by the press,
radio, and in the classrooms, that we have solved
our basic difficulties and must now fulfill our
obligation to less fortunate parts of the world is
patently false. All the bugles in the world should
not make us forget the glaring uglinesses in our
own backyard. All the newly-found righteous-
ness of our crusading statesmen cannot hide the
fact that over 11,000,000 Americans are out of
work; that the NLRB is under concerted attack
by those who beat the war drums most loudly;
that the Dies Committee imperils our ele-
mentary rights as citizens; that WPA and the
other social gains of the past few years have
been slashed in favor of armaments, and that
the terror of lynching, the curse of the poll tax
still harass millions of Negro citizens. The
moral for all real democrats is obvious: the fight
for democracy begins in our factories and fields,
our schools and legislative chambers.
THIS does not mean of course that we slip into
the divine isolationism that marks some of
our tired liberals. This is no occasion for pessi-
mism or fatalism of the sort that expresses lack
of hope or interest in anything that happens
abroad. Sure, things are bad in Europe. The
Hitlers, the Chamberlains, the Reynauds and
Daladiers are still with us, creating more agony,
more terror for the European peoples. But our
brothers and sisters in Europe are still living,
still fighting, still struggling for a better world.
They can be trusted to fashion their own desti-
nies. We can help by building our own democ-
racy and by organizing for peace. Civilization,
"as we have known it" may be over in Europe.
That is hardly any reason for abandoning the
fight for civilization such as we have always de-
sired, both abroad and at home.
OUR PEOPLE are confronted with the deepest
crisis in American history. This is no time
for "summer soldiers" and "sunshine patriots."
This is the time for clear, effective action in
defense of our peace and for the extension of
our democracy. This is the time for every college
hall in the land to resound with the command
of peace. Our destiny is in our own hands. If
we work hard, fast and tirelessly we can still
survive. John L. Lewis, chairman of the Congress
of the Industrial Organizations has struck the
keynote -of our times. Speaking to the auto
workers at Flint Mr. Lewis said: "If you don't
want your bones to whiten on a European battle-
field, then organize, raise your voices; learn
to live before you learn to die."
By JOHN SCHWARZWALDER
There were honors enough to go around at
the opening concert of this year's May Festival.
Alexander Kipnis, towering Russian basso,
scored one of the evening's major triumphs but
Eugene Ormandy and the splendid Philedalphia
Orchestra also received a well-deserved ovation
for remarkable musical attainment.
Mr. Kipnis, whose earlier concert here this
year was one of the musical events of the sea-
son, was twice interrupted by applause during
his singing of the incidental solos of the Proko-
fieff Lieutenant Kije Suite, was given a tre-
mendous recognition by the audience for his
interpretation of the Hallucination Scene from
Boris Goudounoff, and was given an ovation at
the close of the Galitzsky Aria from Borodin's
Prince Igor. Kipnis, who substituted for the
ailing Lawrence Tibbett, was in one of the
toughest spots a singer can get into but if there
was one per son in the audience who regretted
the substitution after the concert we did not
see him. Mr. Kipnis sang in a manner which
can only be described as magnificent. His
technical feats, his famous pianissimi, his
mezzo-voce, his ability to blend his voice into
the orchestral color were never more in evi-
dence, but his artistry was greatest in the inter-
pretations he gave the highly dramatic arias
he sang. From the weak but sinister madness
of Czar Paul in the Prokofieff Suite to the
despairing visions of Boris Goudounoff to the
hearty laughter of the cruel Galitzsky, Mr. Kip-
nis showed no weaknesses, vocal or artistic, and
placed one superb portrait after another.
Parenthetically it should be noted that when
it is impossible to secure a competent soloist
the Prokofieff Suite should be very popular in-
deed. Its unusual dynamic and color effects
were fully realized by the orchestra and con-
ductor and some of the solo passages achieved
an almost unbelievable clarity and lucidity.
The other event of the evening was the
Ormandy interpretation of the much-played
Tschaikovsky Fifth. Mr. Ormandy approached
the worn in a refreshingly original manner. He
seemed to be willing to let the beauty of theme
with which the composition abounds speak for
itself, and when he came to the banal connecting
passages and structural joints he used them as
dramatic implements to take the work to a
conclusion that was made to seem inevitable.
Too often has a reversed procedure been used
with the themes wrung dry and the joints of
structure unsuccessfully glossed over. Wheth r
his auditors knew just why Mr. Ormandy
interpretation was so highly superior we can-
not say, but their enthusiasm was evidence
enough that they realized and appreciated the
dynamic vitality with which he invested the
Robert SAllen 4
WASHINGTON-No matter what
they may think of Roosevelt's do-
mestic policies or politics, some of
his severest critics give him credit
for being absolutely right on foreign
Exactly two years ago the Pres-
ident told his Cabinet in categoric
terms that he was convinced war
was inescapable in Europe, and that
the results would be serious in the
extreme for the democracies.
Last summer, also, he informed
congressional leaders that war was
inevitable in the autumn-and got
scoffed at for his warning.
In view of the President's consis-
tent record for accuracy on things
international, his present views are
very much worth recording.
By nature, Roosevelt is an opti-
mist. But regarding the present Al-
lied position he is not optimistic.
In fact, he is inclined to think that
the Allies are in for a defeat, that
their situation is much more serious
than the American public realizes.
Naturally, the President is not ex-
pressing these views publicly. Also
they are subject to change. But the
close study he is giving to the Mon-
roe Doctrine, the defense of the
American continent, and especially
to the possibility of enemy air bases
in Iceland, Mexico, and around Pan-
ama, all indicate that he is figuring
on the distinct possibility of a crush-
ing Allied defeat.
"I've got a lot of big shots in my
precinct," says Police Captain Clar-
ence Tally of George town, on the
western edge of Washington. "I've
got Justice Roberts and Justice
Frankfurter, and Miss Perkins, and
Mr. Hopkins, and there's Senator
Lodge of Massachusetts, and Senator
Wadsworth of New York.
"Sometimes, when you have big
shots like tlAt, they make a lot of
trouble, with complaints about the
neighbors and all. But not these.
They don't give me any trouble at
UNDER THE DOME
New Hampshire's presidential-
minded Senator H. Stiles Bridges
is an ardent fancier of sea foods,
chiefly broiled lobster. He often pol-
ishes off a big helping twice a day-
and suffers no consequences . . From
the unflattering picture he sends to
constituents who ask for an auto-
graphed photo, you'd never know
that tall, youthful, dark-haired Rep-
resentative Lyndon Johnson of Tex-
as is one of the handsomest men in
Congress. The picture shows him in
shirt sleeves, with a growth of stub-
bly beard and disheveled hair. "Hell,"
drawls Johnson when kidded about
it, "my constituents sent me to
Washington, not to Hollywood".
The hobby of Senator Joe Guffey of
Pennsylvania is saving dimes. He
has a glass bank on his desk, and
before closing his office, drops in
all the dimes he finds in his pocket.
Young Tom Dewey continues to
turn a deaf ear to vice-presidential
Whil gin the Far West recently,
a prominent Republican cautiously
sounded him out regarding the vice-
presidency in case he didn't get the
presidential nomination. Dewey
shook his head.
"I don't see how I could afford
it," he said. "The vice-presidency
only pays $15,000 a year and I can
Later, in Utah, Dewey told a friend
that if he isn't nominated, he would
consider running for the Senate
against New Deal incumbent Jinx
Mead. This was the first hint of
such a plan. Most prominent GOP
rival so far mentioned against Mead
is Representative Bruce Barton,
noted advertising expert.
Meanwhile the Dewey delegation
in Wisconsin is having internal trou-
ble. Despite the landslide which
snowed under Vandenberg, rebellion
broke out at a meeting called by
Dewey's manager, Ted Bacon, to pick
a National Committeeman and Com-
mitteewoman from Wisconsin.
Bacon, himself, wanted to serve
as Committeeman, with Mrs. Jennie
Thomas as Committeewoman. But
Fred Zimmerman, Wisconsin Secre-
tary of State, protested. He, and
four other delegates, protested so
vigorously that Bacon hurriedly got
Dewey on the long distance tele-
phone, and had him talk to each of
the delegates. It cost Dewey 40 min-
utes of long distance tolls.'
One significant question which
dissident delegates hurled at Ted
Bacon during this meeting was
whom Wisconsin should support as
second choice in case Dewey lost
out. But there was no answer. Ba-
cni ruled the muestion nut of nrder.'
THURSDAY, MAY 9, 1940
VOL. L. No. 158
To the Members of the University
Council: There will be a meeting
of the University Council on Mon-
day, May 13, at 4:15 p.m. in Room
Approval of the Minutes.
Report of the Advisory Committee
to the University Extension Service,
C. A. Fisher,
Report of the Advisory Committee
to the Military Department, A. H.
Report of the Advisory Committee
to the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, G. E.
Report of the Board in Control of
Student Publications, W. A. Mc-
Report of the Committee on
Rhodes Scholarships, A. L. Cross.
Report of the Committee on the
Henry Russel Award, R. L. Miller.
Report of the Committee on Uni-
versity Lectures, L. M. Eich.
Subjects Offered by Members of
Reports of the Standing Commit-
Program and Policy, E. B. Stason.
Educational Policies, O. S. Duf-
Student Relations, A. Marin.
Public Relations, S. W. Allen.,
Plant and Equipment, C. S. Schoe-
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
Studnt Loans: There will be a meet-
ing of the Loan Committee in Room
2, University Hall, on Monday, May
13, for the consideration of loans
for the Summer Session and fall. All
applications to be considered at this
meeting must be filed in Room 2 on
or before Friday, May 11, and ap-
pointments made for interviews.
All those students who have not had
a personal interview with someone
here in the office concerning their
records, should, if interested in a
teaching position, see me at the
Bureau between 9 and 12 a.m. and
2 and 4 p.m. Friday, May 10.
T. Luther Purdom, Director,
Bureau of Appointments and
may be ordered through Friday, May
10, at a table outside of Room 4, UH.
Hours: 9-12, 1:30-3 daily. Please
bring amount to cover purchase. An-
nouncements will be available about
Senior Lits: place orders now for
caps and gowns for Swingout and
Commencement. Moe's Sport Shops
are the official outfitters.
Applications for summer board jobs
at the Michigan Wolverine, 209 South
State St., will be taken there, 5:00-
6:00 p.m., on Friday and Saturday,
May 10 and 11.
English 128: The postponed exami-
nation covering all materials up
through Swinburne will be held at
the regular classroom hour on Satur-
day, May 11.
Doctoral Examination of William
Scott Struve will be held at
2:00 p.m., today in 309 Chemistry
Bldg. Mr. Struve's department of
specailization is Chemistry. The title
of his thesis is "The Synthesis of De-
rivatives of Chrysene."
Dr. W. E. Bachmann, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
anaI to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination of Barbara
Jean Sherburne will be held at
3:00 p.m. today, in the West
Council Room, Rackham Building.
Miss Sherburne's department of
Specialization is Psychology. The
title of her thesis is "Qualitative Dif-
ferences in the Solution of a Problem
Dr. N. R. F. Maier, as chairman of
the committee, will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral can-
didates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present,
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination of Shao Wei
Li will be held at 3:00 p.m.
today, in 406 West Engineer-
ing Bldg. Mr. Li's department of
specialization is Engineering Mech-
anics. The title of his thesis is "End-
Relations for Plane and Three-Di-
mensional Pipe Lines by Theory of
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
. May Festival: The Schedule of
May Festival concerts is as follows:
Thursday, May 9, 8:30 p.m.: Doro-
thy Maynor and Rosa Tentoni, sopra-
nos; Robert Weede, Baritone; Rich-
ard Hale, Narrator; The Philadel-
phia Orchestra; The University
Choral Union; Eugene Ormandy and
Thor Johnson, Conductors.
Friday, May 10, 2:30 p.m.: Artur
Schnabel, Pianist; The Philadelphia
Orchestra; The Young People's Chor-
us; Harl McDonald; Juva Higbee and
Eugene Ormandy, Conductor.
Friday, May 10, 8:30 p.m.: Lily
Pons, Soprano; Joseph Szigeti, Violin-
ist; The Philadelphia Orchestra; Eu-
gene Ormandy, Conductor.
Saturday, May 11, 2:30 p.m.: Joseph
Szigeti, Violinist; Emanuel Feuer-
mann, Violoncellist; The Philadel-
phia Orchestra; Eugene Ormandy,
Saturday, May 11, 8:30 p.m.: "Sam-
son and Delilah" by Saint-Saens.
Enid Szantho, Contralto; Giovanni
Martinelli, Tenor; Robert Weede,
Baritone; Norman Cordon, Bass;
The Philadelphia Orchestra; The Uni-
versity Choral Union; Thor Johnson,
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Photographs of recent
architectural work in Florida in the
modern manner, by Architects Igor
B. Polevitzky and T. Trip Russell.
Ground floor corridor cases. Open
daily 9 to 5, through May 22, except
Sunday. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings of candiiates
in the recent competition for the
George G. Booth Travelling Fellow-
ship in Architecture. Third floor ex-
hibition room. Open daily 9 to 5
except Sunday, through May 18. The
public is invited.
An exhibition of the H. A. Elsbeg
collection of coptic and islamic tex-
tiles of the University of Michigan.
Rackham Building, May 7 to May 18.
Exhihiin of works in water colors
by Cleveland artists, drawings by
John Carroll, Walt Disney originals.
Auspices Ann Arbor Art Association
and University Institute of Fine Arts.
Open daily, 2-5 until May 22. Sun-
University Lecture: Professor E.
Artin of the University of Indiana
will give a lecture today at 4:15 p.m.,
in Room 3011 A.H., on the subject,
"The Fundamental Theorem of Ga-
Junior and Senior Medical Stu-
dents: Dr. M. M. Smith-Petersen will
give the annual Nu Sigma Nu lec-
ture Friday, May 10, at 1:30 p.m., in
the Hospital Amphitheatre. His sub-
ject will be "Arthroplasties of the
Hip." All Junior and Senior classes
will be dismissed in order that the
students may attend this lecture.
The Observatory Journal Club will
meet at 4:15 p.m. today in the
Observatory lecture room. Dr. W.
Carl Rufus will speak on "The
Foo-chow Astronomical Chart." Tea
A.S.C.I. meeting tonight at 7:30
in the Union. Professor Housl will
show movies on tunnel construction,
and related problems. An announce-
ment will be made concerning the
Spring Inspection Trip.
Flying Club Meeting tonight at
8 in the Union. Mrs. H. B.
Britton, well-known woman pilot,
will speak on "Instrument Fly-
ing." All C.A.A. students are invited
to attend. Details of the National
Intercollegiate flying meet in June
will be discussed. Come, and bring
All R.O.T.C. Students: Report in
uniform with rifles to your com-
panies on East University at 4:50 p.m.
today for a practice parade. This
will take the place of regular drill
Polish Engineering Society will
meet tonight at 7:30 in the Michigan
Union. Election of officers.
Alpha Phi Omega will meet tonight
at 8:00 in the Upper Room of Lane
All Phi Epsilon Kappa men will
meet in the Michigan Union tonight
Junior Mathematical Society will
go to Albion on Saturday, May 11, to
meet with like clubs from other col-
leges throughout Michigan at Albion
rCntna _The Lmom nw i laehere
9 . .
O NCE more Morningside 'Heights ad-
judges the laurels. There f1kely will
be few murmurs of dissent at the distribution.
John Steinbeck's "Grapes of Wrath" is a popular
as well as a critical choice. To borrow Rufus
Choate's saying about old Chief Justice Shaw
of Massachusetts, "We know that it is ugly
but we feel that it is great." Mr. William Sar-
oyan's comedy, "The Time of Your Life," has
been approved by the high court of dramatic
critics. Readers of this newspaper have had
an opportunity to appreciate the combination
of qualities that has made the dispatches of
Mr. Otto D. Tolischus from Europe and par-
ticularly from Germany so lucid and so various-
ly well informed. It is an interesting coijncidence
that the Nazi Government of Germany has just
given him its own testimonial by driving him
out of that country.
MR. CARL SANDBURG, another newspaper
man and correspondent, in the past won
wide esteem as a poet. This year another Muse
attends him. His four volumes on "The War
Years" of Abraham Lincoln were ineligible to
figure as a biography, but they contain the
diplomatic, military and political history of the
United States for four years. History it is,
rather than biography, and as such receives'
the distinction which it eminently merits. Mr.
Ray Stannard Baker's notable biography of
Mr. Wilson, fruit of so long and conscientious
labor, takes the biographical palm. The Water-
bury Republican and American are honored for
their good service in running down rogues in
MR. HEATH of The World-Telegram is and
of right ought to be the prize reporter of
the year. He uncovered the crook that lay hid-