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May 02, 1940 - Image 1

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Editorial
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VOL. L. No. 152 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 2, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

British Naval Units
Hit German Supply
Route Off Sweden

Missionary Discusses Arabia
Before Educational Institute

Some Nazi Land Forces
Retreat To Southward,
Norse Sources Report
Foreign Vol u nteer's
Assist Norwegians
By WES GALLAGHER
STOCKHOLM, May 1.-(I)-Bri-
tish navy raiding units, varying
their submarine attack on Ger-
many's supply and transport line!
across the Kattegat to Norway,
brought planes and warships into
play in a large-scale naval engage-
ment off the Swedish west coast
today.
Observers at Goteborg, Sweden,
said they saw one German ship set
afire and another sunk during a
two-hour battle about 10 miles
northwest of that important Swe-
dish naval base.
German warships convoying trans-
ports and supply ships returned the
British fire.
Nazis Leave For Roroo
This sea fight came almost simul-
taneously with an announcement by
Norwegian authorities that Germn
troops, composing an excellently
equipped tank unit of about 150 men,
retreated southward from Roros, key
point in the Osterdalen valley, and
also had withdrawn from Tynset,
25 miles farther south.
The Norwegians said Norse troops
with "foreign volunteers" had reoc-
cupied the area around Roros but
not the town itself because the Ger-
mans had threatened to subject it
to aerial bombardment if they did.
The "foreign volunteers" possibly
could have included Swedes, Nor-
wegian sources said, but they de-
clined to be positive about it.
Retreat 'Necessary'
Norwegian authorities quoted a
German officer as saying that "our
retreat is necessary because our com-
munications have been cut."
(London advices said Germans
taken prisoner at Roros explained
that they were short of supplies.
(Other London dispatches said Al-
lied forces also were advances south-
ward on the Steinkjer front, north
of Trondheim.)
An Allied-Norwegian communique
issued from Grong, back of the
Steinkjer front, said there was little
ground activity but much warfare
in the air in that sector.
The Norwegian troops entered
Roros suberts about 5 a.m., afitsr
the Germans had withdrawn during
the night, and established commu-
nication with Sweden.
Forces Reorganized
Norwegian 'military sources indi-
cated reorganized Norwegian forces,
now geared to shift quickly, were
harassing the Germans' rear, making
necessary their retreat from thr
northernmost posts, and were inter-
fering with their supply lines.
, It was. not yet clear whether the
German withdrawal was only a tem-
porary tactic to await reinforce-
ments. This strategy is a favorite
one with the Reichswehr.
It also was not yet clear whether
the Germans' retreat would vitally
affect their position at Trondheim,
on the west central coast.
The Osterdalen is the easternmost
of two valleys used in their "blitz"
campaign to establish a connection
between Oslo and Trondheim.
The Germans yesterday reported
this connection completed in the
Gudbrandsdalen, the valley to the
west, the eastern line would be of
less importance to them if the Gud-
brandsdalen line is secure.
Heikkinen Cites

Youth Problem
Says Unemployed Millions
Endanger Democracy
Speaking to a hundred and fifty
students, townspeople and faculty
members, Richard Heikkinen, chair-
man of the State Committee for the
Passage of the American Youth Act,
stated last night that the primary
problem confronting the nation to-

Townspeople,
Faculty View
Health Center
More than 250 townspeople and
faculty inspected the new Health
Service and the W. K. Kellogg Foun-
dation Institute for Graduate and
Postgraduate Dentistry yesterday in
the first annual open houses of both
institutions.
Reaction of the visitors to both
buildings *as one of the highest
praise for their equipment dan facil-
ities. Authorities of both the Health
Service and Institute attributed the
small attendance to the inclement
weather.
The Health Service, but not the
Institute, will continue its open
house from 7:30 p.m. to 10 p.m. to-
day. This session especially for stu-
dents will feature the same routine
as yesterday.
Pakstas Traces
Mores, History
Of Baltic States
Nations Favor Federation
Of European Countries,
Visiting Lecturer Says
"It was shortly after the engulf-
ment of Czechoslovakia by the Hitler
regime that I received a telegram
from the University of California
asking me to deliver a series of lec-
tures on the minorities, language,
culture, and political geography of
central and eastern Europe."
With this as his theme, Dr. Kazys
Pakstas, chairman of the geography
department at the University of Vy-
tautas-the-great at Kaunas, Lithu-
ania, proceeded to delineate the con-
temporary and historical life of the
Baltic States: Finland, Latvia, Es-
thonia and Lithuania, the cultural
gateway between western Europe
and Russia.
Both the climate and terrain of
the Baltic States is very similar to
that of the cut-over coutry of north-
ern Michigan, Dr. Pakstas said. The
language of this region and espe-
cially Lithuania is the purest and
oldest of all Europe. This is due to
the isolation that is afforded Lithu-
ania by the swamps and lakes south
of it and the immense forests which
covered it for centuries. Knowledge
of the Lithuanian language is the
clue to many of the philological and
philosophical riddles of today, he
added.
Speaking of the various qualities
in which the Baltic States excel, Dr.
Pakstas declared that the Finnish
people in general are the strongest
living not only because of the ad-
verse climate they live in, but also
because of the rational diet they
follow. Pastry and sweets have made
Western civilization "soft."
All three of the lower Baltic States
have been rapidly changing from
an agricultural economy to one in
(Continued on Page 2)

Harrison Delivers Feature
Lecture At Eighth Annul
Adult Convocation Here'
By RICHARD HARMEL
While characterizing the Arabian
civilization as "one of the great cul-
tures of the world" in the featured
address of the Eighth Annual Adult
EducationHInstitute yesterday, Dr.
Paul W. Harrison, for 30 years a
medical missionary in Arabia, paint-
ed a graphic picture of the arid land
of the Bedouins.
The Bedouinwho represents the
Arabian culture for Dr. Harrison is
the most cheerful person in the
world, the finest development of
physical courage, the most hospita-
ble, the most intelligent in his pe-
culiar way and the most conceited
individual in existence.
His cheerfulness, says Dr. Harri-
son, is attributable to his constantly
cheerful companion-the goat. His
courage is found in his joyous raid-
ing of his neighbors' four-legged
property which is characterized by
a happy disregard for bullets, a dis-
regard motivated by his confident
assurance that to die in battle is a
one-way express ticket to paradise.
The Bedouin's hospitality goes so
far, according to Dr. Harrison, that
he will lay his worldly possessions
at your feet if you deign to be his
guest. His intelligence is found in
his uncanny ability to read tracks.
His conceit is illustrated by his firm
conviction that the Arabs are a su-
perior race and the Mohammedan
a superior religion.
As far as women are concerned
in Arabia, Dr. Harrison disclosed,
they enjoy a complete subservience
to a code so strict that even minor
infractions mean death. On the
other hand, men have no such con-
finements.
But modern civilization is en-
croaching on this unique culture, Dr.
Student Senate
TO Inaugurate
New Members
Meeting Tonight Includes
Reports Of Committees
And Officer's Elections
New members of the Student Sen-
ate, elected last Friday, will be in-
augurated at their first meeting at
7:30 p.m. today in Lane Hall, Ar-
nold White, '41, secretary of the
Senate, announced yesterday.
A new president, vice-president,
and secretary will be elected follow-
ing the welcoming of the new Sen-
ators, White said. Several committee
reports are also scheduled on to-
night's agenda.
Senator Richard Steudel, '41,
chairman of the cleaning committee,
is to give a report on a meeting
which he attended in conjunction
with representatives of local clean-
ers and a representative of the Uni-
versity, White said.
Last and final report on the ac-
tivities of the Spring Parley Ccim-
mittee will be aired by Senator Dan-
iel Huyett, '42, chairman, White in-
dicated, while new committees and
plans for future Parleys will be se-
lected.
Retiring President Paul Robert-
son, '40E, is expected to address the
new members, and will give a for-
mal retiring speech outlining his
suggestions and experiences during
his term of office.

Harrison declared. Henry Ford and
the Standard Oil Co. are in a large
pat responsible. King Ibn-Saud has
imported 400 Fords and they prom-
ise to replace the came in the fu-,
ture. The oil company is changing'
the Bedouin from a nomad to a re-
finery worker.
Japan, too, is boring into Arabia,
according to Dr. Harrison. Her huge
cement plants along the coast and
usurpation of the trade once enjoyed
by Europe and America are affecting
the Arabian culture.
It is necessary then, Dr. Harri-
son concluded, thatAmerica discover
some way to replace her foreign
markets because what is happening
in Arabia is indication of the ten-
dency to lose her foreign trade eve-
rywhere.
Headlined event of the program
today is Mr. Orin W. Kaye's discus-
sion of "The National Youth Admin-
istration in Michigan" at the 12:15
p.m. luncheon in the League.
Other featured addresses during
the course of the day in the Lecture
(Continued on Page 6)
Dr. F. . Wilson
To Give Russel
Lecture Today;
Ruthven To Make Award
To Notable Research
Specialist Of Past Year
The University will honor its out-
standing research specialists of
1939-40 at 4:15 p.m. today when Dr.
Frank N. Wilson will deliver the
Henry Russel lecture and President
Ruthvenannounces thedwinner of
the Henry Russel Award.
Russel honors are given annually
in two divisions: the Lectureship is
awarded for the most outstanding
research of a member of the fac-
ulty, and the Award is given to the
outstanding junior member of the
faculty.
Dr. Wilson was selected as Lec-
turer several weeks ago on the basis
of his study of the electrical move-
ments of the human heart. The
winner of the Russel Award will not
be made public until this afternoon.
Both the Lectureship and the
Award are presented on the basis
of recommendations from the Re-
search Club. Prof. Edson R. Sunder-
land, president of the club, will par-
ticipate in today's program.
Winner of the Russel Lectureship
last year was Prof. Cambell Bonner,
of the Greek department. Prof. Nor-
man R. F. Maier, of the psychology
department, won the Russel Award.
Scholarships
Are Awarded
Marsh And Mandelbaum
Prizes Given To Nine
Announcement of nine wimners of
Marsh and Mandelbaum scholar-
ships for 1939-40 was n'ade today
by Dean Edward H. Kaus, of the
literary college.
Simon Mandelbaum scholarships,
carrying a stipend of $385 each,
were awarded to: Clayton H. Manry,
'41, Frank A. Rideout, '41, Jack X.
Bender, '41. Fanny Ransom Marsh
scholarships, carrying stipends of
$60 or $55 each, were awarded to:
Anson D. Solem, '41, Harry E. Good-
man, '42, Charlotte M. Babinski, '41.
John Pitt Marsh scholarships, also
carrying stipends of $60 or $55 each,
were awarded to: Isabella H. Lu-
goski, '42, Helen S. Horvath, '41, Vir-
ginia E. Graham, '42.

The selection committee was com-
posed of Prof. Norman E. Nelson
of the English department, Prof.
F. E. Eggleton of the zoology depart-
ment; and Prof. A. B. Peck, of the
geology department.
Research Disorde
In Behavior Tests

Students Open
Annual Press
Meeting Here
800 High School Delegates
Are Expected To Gather
For MIPA Convention
:Disculssion Groups
Will Be Featured
By ROBERT SPECKHARD
High school journalists from
throughout the state are flocking
to Ann Arbor today to open the 19th
annual convention of the Michigan
Interscholastic Press Association
with a general assembly, reception
and dance tonight at the Union.
More than 800 students from ap-
proximately 200 high schools are
expected to attend the three-day
conference sponsored by the jour-
nalism department. Following the
dance tonight the neophyte journal-
ists will be conducted through the
Student Publications Building to see
how a daily newspaper operates.
Muyskens To Speak
Tomorrow morning will be high-
lighted by an address entitled
"Words, Words, Words," by Prof.
John H. Muyskens of the depart-
ments of speech and human adjust-
ments at the general assembly at
9 a.m. The remainder of the morn-
ing will be spent in the various
"clinics" or discussion groups on the
special problems of high school jour-
nalism. Editorial content is the topic
of the clinic conducted by Prof. John
L. Brumm of the department of jour-
nalism and Prof. W. H. Maurer of
the department will illustrate his
clinic on makeup with lantern
slides.
Also among those scheduled to
speak during the convention are:
S. L. A. Marshall, editorial writer
for the Detroit News and foreign
news commentator for Radio Sta-
tion WWJ; Robert Friers, '40, who
has made an international reputa-
tion as a traveler, "shoe-string ad-
venturer," and lecturer; Lee A.
White of the Detroit News; Mrs.
Virginia Lawson Skinner, Associate
Director Consumer Division, Crom-
well-Collier Publishing Company;
and T. Luther Purdom, Director of
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments.
Scholarship Offered
An annual scholarship named in
honor. of Professor Brumm will be
offered at the convention. Scholas-
tic rating in high school is the chief
basis for judgment of the recipient
of the award which is being present-
ed by the*Council of Advisers of High
School Publications from, funds
available to the MIPA.
Kappa Tau Alpha and Theta Sig-
ma Phi, national honorary journal-
istic societies are cooperating with
the journalism department in acting
as host to the visiting high school
editors and their advisers. Members
of the MIPA will also be guests of
the Michigan Athletic Association at
the Michigan-Illinois track meeting
this Saturday afternoon.
Roll Call For Peace
Will Be Continued
The Roll Call for Peace being
conducted by the American Student
Union as part of its regular mem-
bership campaign, will be continued
today and Friday from 9 a.m. to
5 p.m. at tables in the Main Library

and University Hall, Ellen Rhea,
'41, announced yesterday.
The organization decided to con-
tinue the Roll Call to enable a great-
er number of students to sign the
petition.

Savitl Gives
All So Coeds
May Get Pool

Italy WillNot Enter
War Now, Il Duce
Assures U.S. Envoy

Heavy Surtaxes Imposed
At Cabinet Meeting As
War Tension Relaxes

British Deny Change
In Italian Relations

I I
v NORMA KAPHAN
Lovers of long-hair music will have
their day at the May Festival soon,
but last night was hep-cat night
on the campus.7
Jan Savitt and his Top. Hatters
orchestra came to town especially;
for hep-cat night and he didn't have
to give away dishes or offer Bingo
prizes to get 3.000 rhythmaniacs into
.Yost Field House.
It was as festive as May Day in
Moscowf but hardly as disciplined.
The audience whistled and cheered
and jumped up and down in their
seats. And ever time Savitt's copy-
righted "shuffle rhythm" shuffled,
the prospective women's swimming
pool came closer to realization.
Savitt seemed to understand that
Michigan's second annual Swing
Concert was being sponsored by the
Women's Athletic Association and
the Men's Glee Club to raise folding
money for a coed natatorium, for he
put enough "oomph" into the show
to make Ann Sheridan jealous. He
included such classics as "W.P.A.,"
"720 In The Books" and "Tuxedo
Junction."
The coeds had the best time of
all; the tapping of their saddle shoes
could be heard for miles. Engineers
calmly admired the design of Sa-
vitt's specially - constructed slide
trombones. A Fifth Column was.
present, composed of long-hairs who
remembered the days when Savitt
was first violinist with the Phila-
delphia Symphony.
Durst Wins As
Netters Defeat
Kalamazoo, 5-4
Kohl And Dober Duo Win
Final Match With Ease
To Clinch Varsity Victory
By GERRY SCHAFLANDER
Michigan's tennis team, forced in-
doors by rain, edged out the Kalama-
zoo College netters, 5-4, yesterday
afternoon on the indoor courts at the
Sports Building.
In the feature match, Capt. Sam
Durst pulled a sensational upset by
defeating Marian Shane, Kalamazoo
ace, 6-4, 2-6, 7-5. Before today's
match, "Buck" Shane, Kalamazoo's
captain and number one man, had
compiled one of the most amazing
conseceutive win records in the his-
tory of college tennis. Shane had
rolled up 56 victories in a row, and
had been unbeaten in dual meet
competition for the past two and
one-half years.
The match started on the Palmer
Field courts with Durst and Shane
splitting the first two sets. Durst
won the first at 6-4, with Shane tak-
ing the second, 6-2. Playing very
steadily despite a severe wind and
intermittent cloudbursts, Shane won
the first three games in the third
set before unplayable weather con-
ditions forced a cessation of play.
After a short discussion, the Durst-
I (Continued on Page 3)

By RICHARD G. MASSOCK
ROME, May 1. -()- President
Roosevelt's ambassador to Italy, Wil-
liam Phillips, was understood tonight
to have received directly from Pre-
mier Mussolini an assurance that
taly contemplates no move into the
war at present.
The ambassador made a timely
call upon Il Duce. He wanted to
obtain a clear view of Italy's foreign
policy, at a time when the expres-
sions of the Italian press and cer-
tain Fascist leaders have made it
look as if Italy might be getting
ready for war on the side of Ger-
many.
Mussolini Affable
He found Mussolini fit and affable.
Details of this interview are not
available, but Il Duce was reported
to have confirmed the widely-held
impression that Italy, pending some
important development, will remain
he non-belligerentmally of Germany,
Phillips' visit preceded Mussolini's
ttendance at a cabinet session at
which heavy surtaxes on war indus-
try profits were imposed. The inter-
view took place in the Premier's of-
ice in the interior ministry and
asted for 45 minutes. Only Phillips
and Mussolini were present.
While Phillips was so occupied the
British charge d'affaires, Sir Noel
Charles, was explaining to Foreign
Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano, the
meaning of Britain's diversion of her
through shipping from the Mediter-
ranean to the long Cape of Good
Hope route.
Meeting Called Cordial
This meeting was described as cor-
dial and it was indicated there was
mention of Britain's desire for good
relations with Italy and resumption
of long-suspended trade negotiations.
The meeting took place at Ciano's re-
quest.
Belief was expressed in British
circles that the decision to divert
Birtish ships from the Mediterran-
ean reflected no change in relations
between Britain and Italy.
Italy's press reported the British
announcement of the decision to di-
vert shipping verbatim. This an-
nouncement said "certain precau-
tions" were being taken in regard
to British shipping which normally
follows the Mediterranean route be-
cause of the recent anti-allied ex-
pressions of the Italian press and
some Fascists.
French Group
Will Give Play
Ticket Sale For Friday's
Comedy Opens Today
Tickets for "Happy Days," this
year's French play sponsored by Le
Cercle Francais will go on sale today
and Friday at 10 a.m. through 6
p.m. at the Lydia Mendelssohn box
office in the League.
The single performance of the
comedy will begin at 8:15 p.m. to-
morrow featuring a six-person cast
of French students having excep-
tional fluency in French pronuncia-
tion and dramatic ability. Tickets
are priced at 50 cents and at 25
cents for holders of season tickets
to the series of French lectures also
sponsored by the club.
This year's play is noted for the
excellent French used by all of the
characters, Professor Rene Talamon,
one of the directors of the play
commented. A complete summary
Transportation Club
Has Annual Dinner
The development and operation
of turbo-electric locomotives was the
subject of the illustrated talk by
C. C. Bailey of the General Electric

Company at the annual spring ban-
quet of the Transportation Club last
n~iaht in the TT'ninn_

Ruthven Endorses Tag Day Sale
To Aid Fresh Air Camp Fund

By MILTON ORSHEFSKY
President Ruthven gave official
endorsement to the annual Tag Day
sale tomorrow an Saturday in a
statement released yesterday ex-
pressing the hope that "members of
the University community and their
friends" will continue to support
the regular campaign for funds for
the University Fresh-Air Camp.
The statement follows:
"Those who have been privileged
to contribute to the support of the
University of Michigan Fresh Air
Camp during the past 20 years have
derived a genuine and well-founded
satisfaction. They know that the
Camp has been capably and suc-
cessfully managed, and that it has
benefitted hundreds of underprivi-
leged boys, physically, mentally, and

possible a project which so well em-
bodies the true spirit of the Univer-
sity of Michigan."
The campaign has also received
the endorsement of Mayor Walter
C. Sadler of Ann Arbor. In his proc-
lamation designating tomorrow and
Saturday as "University Fresh Mv
Camp Days," the mayor called the
Tag Day sale "one of the most effi-
cient and beneficial camp move-
ments which has ever come to my
attention."
Richard Fletcher, '41, student
chairman of the campaign, an-
nounced last night that seven more
campus organiations have pledged
their active support. They are: the
League, Panhellenic Society, Assem-
bly including the women's dormi-
tories, League houses and Ann Arbor

Molnar's Guardsman' Is Picked
For Drama Season Program

Cited

By Reckless

Completing a roster of five plays,
officials of the 1940 Anta Arbor
Drama Season announced yesterday
that Ferenc Molnar's "The Guards-
man" will be presented June 11 to
15 in the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre.
Plays already scheduled are:
Shaw's "Pygmalion," May 13 to 18;
Shakespear's "The Winter Tale,"
May 21 to 25; Sidney Kingsley's "The,
World We Make," May 28 to June
1; and St. John Ervine's "Boyd's
Shop," June 4 to 8.
Interest has been aroused in Mol-
nar's work by the presence of the
n rl a ,rwr iht.in Amvvrnn. aand by he -i

the husband of actress Tallulah
Bankhead, daughter of the Speaker
of the House of Representatives and
star of the current Broadway suc-
cess, "The Little Foxes."
Mme. Bridewell is a former Metro-
politan Opera star who has appeared
in Ann Arbor on May Festival pro-
grams and who, since her retirement
from opera, has been successful on
the legitimate stage. She will play
the part of Mama, made famous by
Helen Westley in the Lunt-Fontaine
production of "The Guardsman."
Other actors recently signed for
the Season include Hathaway Kale,
Alice Jon.rxwho ashpan seen uwith

Modern sociologists and psychol-
ogists tend to create a maze of chil-
dren's behavior problems in their
elaborate research techniques, Dr.
Walter Reckless, visiting lecturer in
sociology, asserted in his lecture at
the last- meeting of the fGraduaite

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