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April 28, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-04-28

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

UNDAY, APRIL 28; 19401

Jean Giraudouix;
Propaganda For Peace?..
AST 8PtUNC during the LDriatai
Season here Philip Merivale staged
Jean Giraudoux's play, "No War In Troy!" It
was a rather incoherent, insipid protest against
war, but beneath its heavy lines could be dis-
cerned the fact that Giraudoux hated war with
all his heart.
Today Giraudoux is France's Minister of
Propaganda. He has turned from writing plays
like "Amphitryon 38" to educating the French
people in the proper outlook on World War II.
It must be said for him that his propaganda
is at once more subtle and more effective than
anything Nazi apologists have been able to
devise.
When he spoke to the school children of
France at the opening of their current school
year, he told without emotionalism and without
obvious homiletics how 25,000 of France's in-
structors and 13,000 of her teachers have been
obliged "to take up the guns, bombs, grenades
and all those instruments of destruction which
they abhor to form the ramparts behind which
Vou will be taught during this autumn and this
winter by all your masters who remain and by
all textbooks the incoercible devotion of your
country to the course of peace."
GIVING his remarks credence is an article
recently printed in a magazine for German
instructors which said, "It is needful to put
cold steel in the hands of the adolescent, and
into the hands of his brother cadet the lance . .
. . Many children have fastened to the heads
of their beds a revolver . . . . When such objects
decorate a room they create a better impression
S... The idea of absolute war must be. incul-
cated in every child. This is the goal of teach-
ing."
If what Giraudoux says about French chil-
dren's being educated for peace is true, he and
France are to be congratulated. And yet with
all these concessions to peace and to ultimate
humanitarianism, how grim it is to see 38,000
teachers called out of their classrooms to
shoulder the arms of war. What good does it
do to point the "holier-than-thou" finger at
Germany?
IF FRENCH children were to be taught that
the Germans who face them from the look-
outs of the Siegfried Line are the same victims
of insurmountable forces as themselves, then
some real progress toward peace might be
made. If the growing generation could but see
that "things are in the saddle and ride man-
kind," they might grow up to fight the funda-
mentals of war rather than the Germans who
are merely victims like themselves.
- Hervie Haufler

Carl Petersen
Elliott Maraniss
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr
Dennis Flanagan
John N. Canavan
Ann Vicary .
Mel FIneberg .

EditoTial Staff
* . * .
* . S S
* S S S
* S * S
* . S S
* . S S
* S * S
* . S S
* S * S

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. City Editor
*Associate Editor
* Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
*Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
_ Spdrts Editor
. iaul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
. Jane Mowers
. Harriet S. Levy

Business Staff
usiness Manager . . .
st. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
'omen's Business Manager .
omen's Advertising Manager .
ublications Manager . . .

NIGHT EDITOR: LEONARD SCHLEIDER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of. the writers

Unemployment'
Still A Problem

. . .

N AN ERA of huge problems, the
largest looms scarcely more prom-
inent than the rest. Foreign war and election
year excitement depreciate the magnitude of
the biggest problem in the United States-un-
employment. College students have been re-
cently led to expect better job opportunities
this year than last; but the somber hue of gen-
eral unemployment has changed little. The
problem still exists in dangerous proportions.
To 200,000 people this problem will become
acutely real in May when relief rolls are slashed
because of "limitations of Federal funds for
WPA." Some people think the funds can be
better spent elsewhere. Some think unemploy-
mentis a farce.
JOURNALISTS Dorothy Thompson 8nd Arthur
Krock of the New York Times stirred up a
small cyclone of controversy recently by assert-
ing that the unemployment problem is an illu-
sion. Miss Thompson claimed that only about
three million people were out of word: and Mr.
Krock worked out a neat theory as to why the
public is being deluded. He said that Roosevelt
does not want to admit that the unemployment
problem has been solved, for that would indi-
cate that he has been wasting stupendous
amounts on a completed undertaking. And
anti-New Dealers do not wish to concede Roose-
velt the victory of solving the problem.'
Both of these contentions have gone down
the -mythical drain. Miss Thompson and Mr.
Krock undershot the actual unemployment fig-
ure by about six million by comparing 1939
statistics with 1929 without allowing for the
ten-year industrial and population growth. The
only specific government unemployment cen-
sus taken during the depression showed that
in November of 1937 between eight and nine
million were without work.
SINCE the last census two separate non-gov-
ernmental organizations have issued unem-
ployment statistics. The National Industrial
Conference Board, representing the employers,
and the A.F. of L. have obtained similar results
by different methods. The N.I.C.B. reported
eight million unemployed in October to nine
million by the A.F. of L. Both believe that pres-
ent figures stand somewhere within this range
of difference.
Miss Thompson and many others do not
realize the extent to which the employable pop-
ulation has increased. The N.I.C.B. found that
in 1929 there were 48 million employables in
the United States, and 47 million were employed.
In 1937 there were 53 million employables with
only 46 million employed. The difference be-
tween the employed of the two years is only
about one million, but the growth of the em-
ployable population caused seven million unem-
ployed in the later year. The number employed
in 1929 must be exceeded by well over, six mil-
lion to meet present needs.
THE PROBLEM is still alive and vital. The
extent of its seriousness will only be known
when the 1940 census results are posted. And
in the meantime some people think relief money
can be better spent elsewhere. There is little
one can say to those who prefer filling the seas
with dozens of battleships for a vagde future
protection instead of filling thousands of empty

ART

The
Drew Peason
Robe S.AAlle
WASHINGTON-There was a significant
glint in the eyes of inner circle third termers
when the news came over the wires that the
President planned a transcontinental trip in
June. The boys had the proverbial look of the
cat that swallowed the canary.
They consider the tour one of their biggest
breaks to dissolve any reluctance Roosevelt may
have against running again. Reason for this
belief is the conviction that once he gets out
into the country, away from the fierce partisan-
ship of Washington., and scents the plaudits of
the multitude, there will be a decisive psycho-
logical effect.
Lending color to this theory is an episode
that occurred in 1938, when Administration
strategists were laboring strenuously to persuade
Herbert Lehman to run for a fourth term as
Governor of New York in order to head off
up-and-coming Tom Dewey.
Lehman wasn't eager to make the race and
withheld his decision right up to the night of
the nominating convention. When he entered
the hall he was greeted with a tremendous
demonstration, and Roosevelt, who was follow-
ing the tense situation over the radio, turned
to the little group of intimates around him and
said:
"You hear that! Everything is going to be
all right now. Herbert will accept. No man
who has been in public life can resist the lure
of public acclamation. It always gets them."
Jackson Or Hull
There is no question that around Christmas
time Roosevelt definitely discussed the idea of
making Cordell Hull the Democratic nominee
for President. More recently, however, he has
been equally definite regarding the superior
merits of Attorney General Bob Jackson.
This will surprise most political observers,
especially conservative Democrats and those who
saw the recent Roosevelt-Hull popularity chart
prepared by the Gallup poll.
Nevertheless, Roosevelt is firmly convinced
that Bob Jackson, if nominated, would be a
better vote-getter than the Secretary of State.
And he bases this upon the following factors:
1. Jackson would get the Negro vote, whereat
Hull wouldn't.
2. Jackson would have a bigger hold on labor,
whereas Hull could not carry John L. Lewis and
much of the CIO with him.
3. Jackson probably would be more popular
with the farmers in view of the Hull trade trea-
ties.
On the other hand, Jackson would not lose
the conservative and Solid South, even though
Southern party leaders were enthusiastic about
him.
In view of this Jackson talk, some of Roose-
velt's close friends are beginning to think that
the President plans to throw all of his new
potent delegation support to his Attorney Gen-
eral. But most of them are still betting that
in the final showdown, FDR will run for a third
term.
Note-Biggest IF in the above is whether
Jackson could be nominated even with Roose-
velt's support. There are many Democrats who
doubt this.
In The Spring - --
Mrs. Blair Banister, Assistant Treasurer of
the United States, is bug-eyed with worry over
the springlike fancy of her brother, Carter Glass.
The charming, cantankerous, much-loved
senior Senator from Virginia, having spent 82
tumultuous and distinguished years, now is
seriously toying with the idea of matrimony.
She is Mrs. Mary Meade, Amherst, Virginia,
an attractive widow of about 50. Mrs. Meade
teaches school just north of the Senator's home
town of Lynchburg, and almost every week-end,
the Senator has taken time off either from his
legislative duties in Washington or his editorial

supervision in Lynchburg, to motor to Amherst.
Senator Glass has been a widower for some
time, and appears to be so serious about a new
matrimonial venture that it has caused much
concern to his family. At the age of 82, the
Senator continues to be sprightly, energetic,
and just as bellicose as ever. But his family is
doing everything in its power to head off a
second trip to the altar.
Intelligence reports out of Rome indicate a
widening rift between Mussolini and his hand-
some young son-in-law and Foreign Minister,
Count Ciano. The rift is over the Rome-Berlin
Axis and whether Italy should enter the war.
Il Duce has a tremendous admiration for the
German military machine, believes it will win
the war, and figures Italy's fate is definitely
tied up with the Nazis. He is absolutely con-
vinced, and nothing can move him, not even
his son-in-law or the King and Crown Prince
of Italy.
flhe EDITOR
To the Editor:
In a recent issue of The Michigan Daily under

Court Action
On Picketin1
The two decisions of the United
States Supreme Court holding in-
valid anti-picketing laws in Alabama
and California give important con-
firmation and extension to the line
of precedents upholding the right of
peaceful picketing in labor disputes.
Associate Justice Frank Murphy ap-
propriately pointed out that this
right may be compared to the prop-
erty rights of employers and must
accordingly be protected. Opportu-
nity to voice peacably his views
about his job affects the amount of
property the employe may earn or
acquire by attending to his work.
It is an important point in the
Alabama case that both sides agreed
the picketing was peaceful. It con-
sisted of the action of one man,
Byron Thornhill, a union official.
walking slowly in front of a wood
processing plant, carrying a placard,
and talking to a non-union employe.
This is a very different matter from
strike sabotage or violence, of which
testimony is being given in a case
in New York City, or from the al-
leged extortion of burdensome dues
from low-paid workers, which is
charged against an official of the
Building Service Employes' Union in
that city. It is different even from
the mass or group picketing of busi-
ness or factory entrances which pre-
sents a closer question in some
States.
The court opinion deals with the
subject as a matter of freedom of
speech or of assemblage and dis-
cussion. In this respect it may be
said that the arguments adduced ap-
ply to the desirability of amendment
of the Wagner Act to assure freedom
of expression by employers so long
as unaccompanied by duress or im-
plied threats. At any rate, it is a
significant milestone in American
labor law that the highest Court,
with the concurrence of its oldest
members excepting only one, should
declare: "Free discussion concerning
the conditions in industry and the
causes of labor disputes appear to
us indispensable to the effective and
intelligent use of the processes of
popular government to shape the
destiny of modern industrial socie-
ty"
- Christian Science Monitor
Radio's New
Frontiers,...
Twenty years after its inaugura-
tion in the United States, radio
stands today at the threshold of its
most momentous year since 1920
After desultory technicalnchange
during the last decade, it suddenly
jumps forward on three fronts-
frequency modulation or staticles
broadcasting, television, and quality
home-recording.
Staticless radio, or "F. M.," givin
amazingly quiet reception, wide
tonal bands and doubling volum
contrasts, will bring a new concep
of what constitutes quality reception
of music at home. Television, with
many of its early wrinkles ironed
out, will be giving definitely inter
esting programs on thousands o:
receivers in the New York area thi
fall, with extension of this servic
to other major cities before the win
ter season ends. More detail an
bigger pictures have already bee
technically achievedand are abou
ready for the market.
Finally comes home recording, no
to be confused with the noisy, na
sal-sounding and premature meta
disc system of five years ago. Toda
acetate, that modern product whicl
does so many useful things, has pro
duced records which cut beautifully
while the technical art has give

light pickups which permit playing
these acetate records hundreds o
times without wear.
This home recording is not
novelty merely for the recording o:
Junior's voice or what a self-con
scious guest tried to say at las
week's party. Rather, with the hig]
quality radio sets now available, th
listener can take down any program
he desires and reproduce it to hi
heart's content as many times a
he wishes. With the better instru
ments the quality of tone from th
records sounds as clear as the direc
broadcast itself.
In fact, home recording is likel
to take on the character of a hobb
as has photography, with the listene
"shooting" programs instead of pie
tures. The library of wonderfu
classical music that can be built ul
from the air at little cost and lot
of fun in itself will challenge th
interest of many music lovers.
The impact of these three bril
liant and simultaneous advances a
this time has a special significanc
They overwhelmingly challenge an
refute suggestions that there are n
new frontiers and that only unem
ployment, war and hopelessness i
ahead. These fruits of inventive in
sight and patient research cam
when they were especially needed a
bright symbols of the truth abou
man's unfoldment.
- Christian Science Monitor
'At Buffalo ...

By B. A. deV. BAILEY .
THE CURRENT EXHIBIT in Alumni Memor-
ial Hall of some 65 paintings by Horatio
W. Shaw gives to Ann Arbor and its visitors
a none too frequent opportunity of seeing Amer-
ican pictorial art expressed in the native mood.
That Shaw chose to define the American scene
in terms of an - indigenous style, untrammeled
by foreign techniques or imported canons of
art, is a matter which should cause elation to
every person interested in undiluted American
aesthetic expression. Shaw, who was a native
of Michigan, transferred to canvas phases of
the contemporaneous scene with which he was
obviously familiar, and by doing this made pos-
terity his debtor.
Life in this country during the nineteenth
century was at no period adequately shown
pictorially, and aside from their artistic value,
considerable importance attaches to these
paintings as historical documents. Past genera-
tions gave little encouragement to artistic prog-
ress in the American idiom. Courageous at-
tempts to foster landscape painting in this
country, such as the Hudson River school, lan-
guished from scant appreciation. Few also, were
those artists capable of adequately rendering
the American scene in paint. The genius of
Winslow Homer-who among American land-
scapists was perhaps the least affected by alien
styles or Continental tradition-was, unfortu-
nately, largely confined to portrayal of the
Eastern seaboard. Shaw's work, therefore, is
a definite contribution to the output of a lim-
ited school.I
THERE WILL BE disagreement as to which
of the two techniques used by Shaw achieves
happier results. Conceivably, each expresses the
mood of its respective epoch in terms of the
painter's own interpretation. That latterly he
made direct obeisance to prevailing style, does
not seem evident. Rather does his newer meth-
od imply a subjective transition-an adjust-
ment to a newer psychology which he did not,
perhaps, find wholly acceptable.
Distinguishing qualities of nearly all the can-
vases in this group are their freshness and
vitality. Shaw's virtuosity as a technician
might be controversial-less easily denied is
ability to invest his paintings with the fluid
quality of organic life, and to maintain an even
tempo in his compositional rhythm. If his
palette seems at times somewhat lavish, to be
remembered is the fact that Nature herself
gives frequent challenge to the color-maker.
The sensitive element implicit in "The Meadow
Brook" is no less pleasing than the broader
sweep and direct quality of the drawing in
"Before the Storm." Meticulous attention to
detail fails to affect the vital naturalism of the
"Ewe and Lamb," and in the two delightful
"Decorative Panels" are glimpsed fitful rays
of sunshine, which perhaps to Shaw and Blake-
lock alike, came as encouraging light out of

(Continued from Page 2) P
- -- - in
and General). Applications and ques-
tionnaires must be filed by Saturday,
May 4. C
Complete announcements on file a
at the University Bureau of Appoint- fo
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 8-12 o
and 2-4.
Summer Employment: The Bureau
of Appointments has received a call C
for some young colored women to
act as camp counsellors for the week
of August 15-23. For further infor-
mation concerning this, please call o
at the Bureau of Appointments, 201 U
Mason Hall, office hours 9-12. 2-4. D
f(
Tennis Tournament: The second s
round of the women's singles must i
be played off by Thursday, May 2. I
Academic Notices9
Bus. Ad. 212, Federal Tax Account- 8
ing, will not meet Monday morning. t
t
_____ ggt
Concerts t
Graduation Recital: Gratia Har-t
t
rington, violoncellist, will give a re-d
cital in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the Bachelor of Music
degree, Monday evening, April 29, at
8:15 o'clock, in the School of Music n
Auditorium, on Maynard Street, to
which the general public is invited.
Exhibitions
An Exhibit of the Art of Eastern
Asia, under the auspices of the Insti- t
tute of Fine Arts on the occasion oft
the opening of new quarters for Far
Eastern Art in Alumni Memorial
Hall, through Friday, May 3 (2 to 5
p.m. only).
Retrospective exhibits of the etch-
ings and drawings of Dr. Warren P.
Lombard, and the paintings of Hor-
atio W. Shaw, until May 3, West Gal-T
lery, Alumni Memorial Hall, 2-5, everyt
day, including Sundays. Auspicesl
University Institute of Fine Arts and]
Ann Arbor Art Association.c
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Kazys4
Pakstas, Professor of Geography at
the University of Vytautas-the-Great
(Kaunas, Lithuania) will lecture on
"The Baltic States: Gateway to Rus-
sia" under the auspices of the De-
partment of Geography at 4:15 p.m,
on Wednesday, May 1, in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is
cordially invited.
Carnegie Lectures: Dr. Carlos Del-
gado de Carvalho, Professor of Soci-
s ology in the Colegio Pedro II and Pro-
y fessor of the Geography of Brazil in
the University of Brazil, the Visiting
Carnegie Professor, will be in resi-
r dence at the University of Michigan
e until May 10.
t The following series of lectures has
a been arranged under the auspices of
h the Division of the Social Sciences:
d "The Immigration Problem in Bra-
- zil" (Annual Phi Kappa Phi Lecture)
f on Tuesday, April 30, 8:30 p.m., Mich-
s igan Union, Large Ballroom.
e "The New Brazilian State" on Mon-
- day, May 6, 4:15 p.m., Rackham
d Amphitheatre.
n All of the above lectures are open
t to the public.
-t Today'sEvents
d Michigan Union Schedule for to-
y day: Room 302: History Study Group,
h 2:00 p.m.
- Room 305: Glee Club, 4:00 p.m.
n Graduate Outing Club will meet
g today at 2:30 p.m. in the rear of the
f Rackham Building for an outdoor
program, with choice of hiking, soft-
a. ball, and bicycling. Supper out-
f doors if desired. All graduate stu-
- dents and faculty invited.
t Overnight trip to Camp Tacoma on

h Clear Lake next weekend, May 4-5.
e For reservations, call Abe Rosenzweig
n at 9233 by Wednesday. Trip limited
s to 30.
s
- International Center: The Sun-
e day evening programs for the year
will close tonight with a showing at
7 o'clock of Prof. Wesley Maurer's
y technicolor studies of flowers and
y" moving pictures in color of some of
r the Ann Arbor gardens.
A record concert will be held at
the Hillel Foundation tonight at
8:00 p.m. The program will include
the Bach "Concerto for Two Violins",
fBrahms Symphony No. 4, and Proko-
fieff's "Peter and the Wolf." The pub-
t lic is invited.
.d The Lutheran Student Club will
- have a joint meeting with the State
e group today. Those wishing to
- go to East Lansing with the group
e should meet at Zion Parish Hall
s promptly at 3:30 p.m.
t
Coming Events
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical Build-
ina .Monday. Anril 29. at 8:00 n.m.

DAILY OFF ICIAL BULLETIN

ollock on "Partei und Verwaltung
Grossdeutschland."
The Romance Language Journal
lub will meet on Tuesday, April 30,
t 4:15 p.m., in Room 408 R.L. The
allowing papers will be read:
William A. McLaughlin: A -review
f The Works of Francesco Landini
L. Ellinwood).
Arthur G. Canfield: Amy Robsart,
romwell and Paul Meurice.
Graduate students are invited.
Graduate Education Club will meet
n Wednesday, May 1, at 4 p.m. in the
niversity Elementary School Library.
]r. Walter C. Reckless, Visiting Pro-
essor of Sociology from the Univer-
ity of Chicago, will speak on "Juven-
le Delinquency and Truancy prob-
ems. "
Pre-Medical Society will have a
Smoker on Tuesday,eApril 30, at
:00 p.m., in the Terrace Room of
he Michigan Union, which is open
o all interested. Several members of
he Medical School faculty will be
guests of the evening, and will lead
he Pre-Medical students in diverse
discussions.
The Graduate History Club will
meet on Tuesday, April 30, at 8 p.m.
mi the William L. Clements Library.
Dr. Adams will speak on the various
collections, and there will be a tour
hroughthe building. Graduate stu-
d~ents who have not yet begun their
dissertations, and seniors planning
to enter upon advanced studies in his-
tory are especially invited to attend.
Zoology Seminar on Thursday, May
2, at 7:30 p.m., Amphitheatre, Rack-
ham Building. Reports by: Mr. Wil-
liam H. Irwin on "The Culicinae of
certain northern Michigan bog mats
with special reference to the limno-
logical dynamics influencing their
production," and Mr. F. Earle Lyman
on "Limnological investigations of the
Ephemeroptera of Douglas Lake,
Michigan, with special reference to
distribution of immature stages."
Michigan Union Schedule for Mon-
day, April 29: Room 101: Round
Table, 12:15 p.m.
Room 302: Alpha Phi Alpha, 7:30
p.m.
Room 304: R.O.A., 7:30 p.m.
Graduate Tea: Professor Robert B.
Hail will discuss "American Deficien-
cies in Strategic Raw Materials" -±
Wednesday, May 1, West Conference
Room, Rackham Building, 4:00-6:00
p.m. Graduate students and faculty
are invited,
Phi Kappa Phi: The Spring Initia-
tion of seniors and graduate students
to Phi Kappa Phi will be held at 6:30
p.m. on Tuesday, April 30, in the Ball
Room of the Michigan Union.
Initiation will precede the banquet
and Dr. Carlos Delgado de Carvalho
will speak on "The Immigration Prob-
lem in Brazil" at 8:30 p.m. Members
desiring reservations should notify
the secretary, R. S. Swinton, Uni-
versity phone 649, Room 308 Engin-
eering Annex.
Phi Beta Kappa: Annual Initiation
for members elected this year will be
held in the Michigan League Chapel,
Wednesday, May 1, at 4:15 pm. Pro-
fessor Benjamin W. Wheeler will ad-
dress the initiates. All new members
are expected to be present at this
meeting.
The Annual A.I.E.E. Banquet will
be held Tuesday, April 30, in the
Michigan League at 6:15 p.m. Prof.
John L. Brumm is the principal
speaker. Tickets may be obtained
from Charles Tieman, Wesley Pow-
ers, Robert Buritz, John Strand, Har-
ald Briton, or George Gotschall.
Tau Beta Pi: Dinner meeting Tues.,

April 30, 6:00 p.m., Michigan Union.
Dr. M. H. Soule of the Bacteriology
Department will give an illustrated
talk on his travels in Egypt.
Phi Beta Kappa: The Annual Initi-
ation Banquet of the Alpha Chapter
of Michigan will be held, at the Mich-
igan Union, Thursday, May 2, at 6:45
p.m. Dean Marjorie Nicolson of
Smith College will be the speaker. All
members of Phi Beta Kappa are urged
to attend; especially members of
other Chapters. Make reservations
at the office of the Secretary, Hazel
M. Losh, Observatory, by Wednesday,
May 1.
University Girls' Glee Club: Re-
hearsal Monday at 7:15 in Game
Room of League.
Classical Record Hour at the Mich-
igan Union on Monday, April 29, at
4:00 p.m. See Bulletin Board for
room number. The public is invited.
ITransfer Orientation Advisers will
meet Tuesday, April 30, at 4:30 p.m.
in the League. If you cannot attend,
call Virginia Schwegler, 2-2569.
Dr. Sam Higginbottom, Moderator

4

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