THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Old Timers Are Used As Targets
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
I iuiop ':1 Agad
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NIGHT EDITOR: RICHARD HARMEL
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Warns Germans . .
SHADES OF Georges Clemenceau!
Thwar is against the "whole
German people"-not merely the Nazi regime
of Adolf Hitler.
Such was the battle cry of Alfred Duff Cooper,
former British war secretary, as he called in
a St. George's Day address for the defeat of
the whole German people and warned that a
defeated Germany need not expect sympathy
by "whining and groveling" as he described
them at the Versailles Conference after the
first World War.
S COOPER merely an unofficial spokesman?
Technically, perhaps. But only recently he
toured America as a spokesman for the British
and Allied position. What ever his status may
be, however, there is ominous and significant
truth in his declaration of British war aims.
For it is a tacit admission that England is
not fighting to liberate the German people and
the rest of the world from Hitlerian in the
name of democracy but that Bri intends
to finish the task of crushing the Gman a-
tion that she began in the last World War. s
No, this war isn't for democracy, either. Bri-
tain will destroy Hitler, all right, jttst as she
ran the Kaiser from the throne, and then pro-
ceed to reduce the German economy to a posi-
tion where it won't be able to challenge the
supremacy of England again.
HE ENGLISH PEOPLE'S supportof the pres-
ent war was gained by presenting the war
as a holy crusade against Hitler, but now that
they're in, we find Cooper beginning to pre-
pare them for greater things by picturing thA,
conflict as a war against the "whole German
people." They are just the "German people"
now, but later they will become those "barbarous
Huns" and "bloodless Heinies."
This is the great cause for which American
youth and security are to be sacrificed for.
That some day soon another Amerian Army
of Occupation may camp in a leveled Germany
while another Clemenceau plans her complete
subjugation in a "peace" conference at Ver-
- Robert Speckhard
Student Senate ...
S TUDENT SENATE elections today
assume a new importance in the
light of the results of the Spring Parley held
last week-end, for now, as never before, the
fate of student government lies in the hands of
the student body. They, and they alone, can
make or break the Senate.
The chief criticism of the Senate is that it
is powerless: it is ineffectual. That is true-
and why? Mainly because the Senate repre-
sents only about one-fifth of the campus. 2,243
students participated in the election last se-
mester-electing 16 Senators. So it is a vicious
circle; the Senate is not powerful enough, why
vote for it? All right, don't vote for it and it
remains unrepresentative-and powerless.
THERE ARE two ways of establishing student
government on a university campus. One
is spontaneous; the students become, incensed
over arbitrary rule, perhaps, and they rise up
By HERVIE HAUFLER
THE OLD SHOEMAN finished pounding a
heelplate onto my spring shoes and leaned
forward to impress upon me one final, clinching
observation before he let me go. In some way
our conversation had settled upon the state of
the nation, and he said, "You can be sure of
one thing: This country won't be a really fit
place to live in until the Townsend Act is passed.
You young fellows don't think much about it,
but us old graybeards know that this is one
law that's got to come.'
I put on my shoes quickly, paid him and got
out of the shop without telling him what I
hought-that the Townsend Act is a phantasm,
a chimera, a will o' the wisp given credence by
wishful thinking. I did not want to tangle with
him because there is no use in arguing with
these old-timers. They are as ardent in their
zeal as religious fanatics. They trust Town-
sendism with no rationality, no cogent argu-
ments, only with a blind faith.
You can't be angry at these old people. The
old shoeman tells you he is tired of pounding
at leather, gripping tacks in his teech, breathing
leather dust. His sunken eyes tell you he is
tired. On $200 per month he could rest. He
could go to Florida and fish and sun himself.
It is the only dream a man has left after his
days of usefulness are gone, and you slap him
in the face when you tell him that it is a vain,
ruitless hallucination. It is as if your professor
should tell you that you lack talent enough
ever to write, or to paint, or to teach.
WITH ALL your fresh, new learning you can-
not corner the old shoeman. His knowledge
of The Plan is too incomplete to have corners.
He will stick to some absurd mental perch in
spite of hell and high water, and all you can
do is to buzz ineffectually about his head with
your social sciences, your political science, your
You tell him the Townsend tax on business
transactions would throw our economic system
out of gear, and he does not believe you. It is
a little thing-a two-per-cent tax on a business
deal. Surely America would not come to grief
because of a two-per-cent tax on business deals.
You try to show him the insurmountable costs
of such a plan and he will not listen. He with-
draws into his shell and lets your rantings
pass in one ear and out the other.
FOR THERE ARE others who will tell him
what he wants to hear. With you he will
retrench and cover up and let your blows fall
where they may. But sooner or later some
Marcel Pagnol's Harvest came to the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre last night for a three-day
showing. This is the film that caused so much
controversy in New York, where it was originally
banned by a ruling of the Board of Censors, and
then approved by the Board of Regents of the
State Department of Education.
The film is concerned with a simple tale: into
a deserted Provencal village, pillaged by war and
drought, comes Gedemus, the knife-grinder,
with Arsule, his feminine apprentice. Arsule
leaves Gedemus in order to live with Panturle,
which whom she achieves the miracle of bring-
ing life and bread into the town of Aubignane.
Apparently the cause of the wrath of the New
York censors was the fact that Arsule and Pan-
turle went about the business of raising wheat
and babies without benefit of clergy. What
makes this objection ridiculous is the fact that
Harvest is one of the most moral pictures that
has ever been screened. All the virtues that are
usually associated with the land are here expert-
ly expressed. This is a picture to make the
agrarians and the back-to-the-land enthusiasts
break out again with paeans to the soil.
Harvest belongs to the French peasants. In
slow-moving sequences it depicts the regenera-
tion of a man and woman, and the consequent
revival of normal community life, It stands in
bold and sharp contradiction to the fate that
has overtaken the peoples of Europe since the
outbreak of the war. If this picture is "danger-
ous" or "immoral" it is because it so truthfully
presents the real interests of the common peo-
ple: land, food, a family, friends. As the story
of these French peasants unfolded upon the
screen two inescapable comparisons presented
themselves. The Joads of Oklahoma and the
Panturles of Provencal are remarkably alike in
temperament and situation. They are all friend-
ly and simple people, imbued with a real love
for the land, and desirous of an opportunity to
live decent and fruitful lives. And, secondly,
there is no doubt that the peasants of Bavaria
are the same kind of people with the same in-
terests. Harvest stands as the overwhelming
negation of this war, and of Mr. Duff Cooper's
contention, that the French and English people
must exterminate the German people.
The film is another in the long series of tech-
nical masterpieces that has come out of France.
The cycle of the new life that Arsule and Pan-
turle bring to the little village is unobtrusively
presented against the background of changing
seasons. Like the Grapes of Wrath, Harvest was
filmed out-of-doors, with full dramatic use
made of the landscape. It is a cinematic mas-
terpiece, a movie that proves, given an honest -
story, sensitive direction, and capable acting,
that the motion picture is the most vital of
all contemporary art forms. - E. M.
is the League and Congress. But they all admit
that the Senate is the ideal superstructure or-
Coughlin, some pass-the-biscuits-Pappy politi-
cian, some Dewey or McNutt will tell him that
he is right, that his mental perch is tenable
and that The Plan can be attained. Then he will
come out and expand and smoke his opium
pipe of dreams again.
The old shoeman and his cohorts are the
richest market for ballyhoo in America today.
He will exchange his vote for soothing words.
Campaigns are designed to impress him, plat-
forms to placate him. Mediocre men ride into
power on his gullibility.
America cannot fulfill his desires any more
than it can fulfill all the ambitions of youth,
but our belated provisions for old-age security
must be strengthened if the aged are to be
diverted from the ranks of the Pied-Pipers. For
the oldsters' own good, sincere leaders must
beat the political opportunists to the draw.
Of ALL Things.. .
.... EyJ ortyQ ... .
IT HAS BEEN suggested that, since no one
except his dog reads Young Gulliver's col-
umn, it would be a good turn and a friendly
favor if Mr. Q. repeated to his wide following
Y. G.'s idea for doing away with the walking-
on-the-grass problem. He suggested-as many
have done before him-that the grass be torn
up and cement be substituted. Mr. Q. has dis-
covered that the University is very sympathetic
to the plan and would like Gulliver to investi-
gate the thing more thoroughly. One official,
close to the President's office, reported: "We
think that the cement idea is a good one, and
Gulliver certainly has the head for it."
IN THE MAIL yesterday came a penny post-
card with a little poem, and Mr. Q. would
once more like to remind you that you are al-
ways welcome to submit anecdotes, poems or
any other kind of notes. Here's the poem:
War begets poverty
Peace begets plenty,
Then riches increase,
Riches bring pride,
And pride is war's ground,
War begets poverty-
So goes the round.
John Robert Hanzlik,
221 Chicago House.
MONDAY, Mr. Q. carried an account of the
great quiz contest at Lansing, in which six
Michigan men sounded'even dumber than they
must have looked. Dave Zeitlin, who was the
last man to be downed in the kindergarten
true-and-false, wired a story via the special
Morty Q. teletype. Here's what he has to say:
Lansing, April 22/2 (Special to Morty Q.)-
After the show the other night, which I under-
stand you endured yourself, we, the fallen
Wolverines, managed, with great difficulty, to
get out by ourselves. Our freckle-faced con-
querors weren't with us, mainly because we
hurriedly left when their backs were turned.
It was not a display of a collective inferiority
complex on our part either, this exit sans cere-
mony, I mean. Our brains may have been numb,
but our vision was still good. It may be four
out of five at Michigan, but it's five out of five
at State. Swinton's eyes weren't too good, but
he put his glasses on awhile, and admitted we
So stag and sad, the former already explained
and the latter due to what had transpired, and
because what was to happen in certain Lansing
bistros was still in the future, we decided to
drown our sorrows. Naturally we would have
preferred to celebrate, but the tide of events had
ebbed to such a low point that there was little
to be happy about. The drowning we planned
for ourselves had nothing to do with the lake
near the michstate campus. Our woes were
internal, and the best doctors will tell you that
medicine must wash the wound to be effective.
To a man, we knew what kind of tonic would
cure us, so we headed for a sudsdispensary.
I suppose I might say who was in the party,
as we did have our camp followers, who moved
in and took things over much to the pleasure
of us all and the others who funned with us.
There was Senor Jerry Weisner, Prof. Abbott's
man Friday everyday in the week including
Friday, and Duane Nelson, who between smiles,
teaches college students how to talk. Silly, isn't
it? Hal Spurway, he of the talented tossils, was
there and also a United Press correspondent who
owed his presence to co-worker Swinton, here-
inafter to be referred to as SALTY SWINTON,
and one or two others.
I didn't exercise my reportorial talents (boast)
enough to note the name of the first den of
brewdom we entered, but I remember more
about the inside. A waitress, whom some said
was working her way through State, shifted
three big, heavy tables around like they were
ash trays, and we proceeded to sit ourselves
down. We ordered. Between drinks and bites
(wb ate, too) I suffered repeated attacks of
pressuritis of the brain and heart as I thought
of what I might have done with the thirty dol-
lars I would have won if I said FALSE instead
of TRUE. But I was sad and still am (although
a telegram which I found on my desk in AA
when I got home hours later was a swell stim-
However, the boys took the place over, and
before long Dick Slade, who also has talented
tonsils, was introducing Spurway, and Spurway
was rendering some nifty notes. The Lansing
citizens looked aghast as they listened to Slade.
r. .. . ..n1.1 . - + :-fi o+ m V srIo -n "
WASHINGTON-The State De-
partment has received a confidential i
memorandum from Arctic explorer e
Vilhjalmur Stefansson stating that a
Iceland could be brought under thec
Monroe Doctrine and warning thato
this important stepping-stone ina
mid-Atlantic could be used for Nazit
air-raids against the United States. 1
Iceland was under the Danishf
crown up until therNazi invasion,
and is now courting the friendship
of the United States. Stefanssonr
is an American citizen of Icelandict
parentage, and his account of the
strategic value of his native island
has stirred U.S. officials. The War
Department has even engaged him
as a special adviser.
State Officials Impressed
Since the Nazi invasion of Den-
mark, State Department officials
have been particularly impressed byr
two points in the Stefansson report.
1. A German expedition made a
survey of Iceland which purported
to be for the innocent purpose of
stimulating "glider flying" among;
Icelanders. But Icelanders are "now
convinced that they had been vic-
tims of an essentially military sur-
2. That "Germany probably has
a better grasp now of the strategic
value of Iceland, both naval and
aeronautic, than is possessed even
by the Icelanders themselves."
Stefansson pointed ot that Ice-
land is open the year round for fly-
ing purposes; that the average tem-
perature at Reykjavik, the capital,
is the same as at Philadelphia; and
that snow seldom remains on the
ground, even in January, for more
than two or three weeks at a time.
The punch in his memo is this
sentence: "The United States should
consider of significance the estab-
lishment by a foreign power of a new
air base within a thousand miles of
the continent of North America."
Note-Though the United States,
following invasion of Denmark and
Norway, has decided not to disburse
Export-Import Bank credits to the
Scandinavian countries, this does
not affect a credit of $1,000,000 to
Iceland, which is still available.
Guffey Vs. Lewis
Senator Joe Guffey scored a dou-
ble victory in his decisive renomina-
tion vote. The Pennsylvania New
Dealer not only defeated his oppo-
nent, Pittsburgh oilman Walter
Jones, but also handed a thorough
licking to John L. Lewis.
This little known fact was one of
the most significant features of. the
Before the primary, Guffey and
the CIO chief were on closest terms.
Guffey sponsored the United Mine
Workers' bituminous coal regulation
act, and in 1938 unhesitatingly went
out on a political limb for Lewis
by supporting his candidate for Gov-
ernor over the bitter protests of most
of the other Pennsylvania Democrat-
If Guffey had ducked that fight
he could'have avoided personal trou-
ble this year. But when he went to
Lewis for help in the tough primary
battle, John L. turned him down
Only a few insiders know it, but
the dramatic rebuff took place a
few weeks before the election in
Lewis' paneled, high-ceilinged pri-
vate office. Guffey explained that
he was up against a very serious
situation and needed help badly.j
Lewis shook his head.
"We can't do anything for you,
Joe," he said.
"But why not? You put up plenty
of money for Tom Kennedy (Lewis'
gubernatorial candidate) two years
"Yes, but we've got a new by-law
now," replied Lewis. "We're not
contributing in primaries.".
Chief reason for Lewis' coldness
was Guffey's advocacy of a third
term for Roosevelt.yGuffey is a
strong third termer and ran on that
platform while Jones, who before he
became a candidate had declared
against a third term, pussy-footed
on the issue.
was over, Spurway had done some
more singing, Tom Harmon had
sung, (honest) over a public ad-
dress system; I did a Boake Carter
broadcast from Hankow or some
place (what difference does it make
these days), and Jack Gelder had
conducted a quiz contest in which he
asked each of us the question we had
missed in the real test. Slade missed
again. They had one of those pic-
ture-taking devices in one place, and
every guy took his turn before the
lens, each doing his best to look his
worst. The collection now comprises
a gorgeous gallery in Morris Hall.
Other things hannened. too. but we
FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1940 s
VOL. L. No. 147I
Honors Convocation: The Seven- r
eenth Annual Honors Convocation b
f the University of Michigan will be i
held this morning at 11 o'clock,t
n Hill Auditorium. Classes with the(
xception of clinics, will be dismissed I
at 10:45. Those students in clinicalv
classes who are receiving honors at k
the Convocation will be excused in
order to attend. The faculty, seniors, (
and graduate students are requestedE
to wear academic costume but theree
is no procession. Members of theI
faculty are asked to enter by the rearI
door of Hill Auditorium and proceed
directly to the stage, where arrange-t
ments have been made for seating
them. The public is invited.
Alexander G. Ruthven
Note to Seniors, June Graduates,
and Graduate Students: Please file
application for degrees or any special;
certificates (i.e. Geology Certificate,
Journalism Certificate, etc.) at once
if you expect to receive a degree or
certificate at Commencement in
June. We cannot guarantee that the
University will confer a degree or cer-
tificate at Commencement upon any
student who fails to file such applica-
tion before the close of business on
Wednesday, May 15. If application
is received later than May 15, your
degree or certificate may not be
awarded until next fall.
If you have not already done so,
candidates for degrees or certificates
may fill out cards at once at office
of the secretary or recorder of their
own school or college (students en-
rolled in the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, College of
Architecture and Design, School of
Music, School of Education, and
School of Forestry and Conservation,
please note that application blanks
may be obtained and filed in the
Registrar's Office, Room 4, Univer-
sity Hall). All applications for the
Teacher's Certificate should be made
at the office of the School of Educa-
Please do not delay until the last
day, as more than 2,500 diplomas
and certificates must be lettered,
signed, and sealed and we shall be
greatly helped in this work by the
early filing of applications and the
resulting longer period for prepara-
-Shirley W. Smith
First Mortgage Loans: The Univer-
sity has a limited amount of funds to
loan on modern well-located Ann
Arbor residential property. Interest
at current rates. F.H.A. terms avail-
able. Apply Investment Office,
Room 100, South Wing, University
Freshmen and Sophomores, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
The Academic Counselors will begin
approval of elections for the first
semester of the 1940-41 academic
year on April 29. You will be sent a
postcard requesting you to make an
appointment with your Counselor for
this purpose. It is expected that you
will answer this summons promptly.
It will be possible for you at this time
to receive attention that cannot pos-
sibly be given during the rush of
registration in September and will
save you much time and trouble if
attended to before you leave in June.
This applies to students who will
have less than 60 hours of course
credit in June.
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman
Staff Assistants' Applications: Stu-
dents who will be enrolled in the Uni-
versity during the coming year and
who wish to apply for Staff Assistant-
ships in the Residence Halls for Men
and Women may obtain application
blanks in the Office of the Director
of Residence Halls, 205 South Wing.
Preference will be given to graduate
and professional students in the selec-
tion of appointees for Stockwell
Hall, for the Adelia Cheever House,
for the East and West Quadrangles,
and for Fletcher Hall. A few Staff
Assistantships in Mosher Hall and in
other Houses will be open to under-
graduates. Undergraduates who)
have lived in University of Michigan
Residence Halls are by no means dis-
couraged from making application.
M. Gomberg Scholarship and Paul
F. Bagley Scholarship in Chemistry:
These scholarships of $200 each are
open to juniors and seniors majoring
in chemistry. Preference will be giv-
en to those needing financial assist-
ance. Application blanks may be ob-
tained in Room 212 Chemistry Build-
ing and must be filed not later than
May 10. ,
Literary School Seniors: Measure-
ments arenow being taken for caps
and gowns. Moe's Sport Shop is the
Senior Class Dues: All Senior lit-
econd floor of West Engineering
Building (above the Arch).
Doctoral Examination of Frederick
Earle Lyman will be held at 1:30
p.m.. Saturday, April 27, in 3089 NS.
Mr. Lyman's department of special-
zation is Zoology. The title of his
thesis is "Limnological Investigations
of the Ephemeroptera in Douglas
Lake, Cheboygan County, Michigan,
with Special Reference to the Distri-
bution of Immature Stages."
Professor P. S. Welch, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, th chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral can-
didates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Orchestra Concert: The University
Symphony Orchestra, Thor Johnson,
Conductor, will give a special program
complimentary to the Michigan
Schoolmasters' Club this afternoon
at 2:30 o'clock in Hill Auditorium.
The public will be admitted without
An Exhibit of the Art of Eastern
Asia, under the auspices of the Insti-
tute of Fine Arts on the occasion of
the opening of new quarters for Far
Eastern Art in Alumni Memorial
Hall, through Friday, May 3 (2 to 5
Retrospective exhibits of the etch-
ings and drawings of Dr. Warren P.
Lombard, and the paintings of Hor-
atio W. Shaw, until May 3 West Gal-
lery, Alumni Memorial Hall, -5, every
day, including Sundays. Auspices
University Institute of Fine Arts and
Ann Arbor Art Association.
Biochemistry Lecture: Dr. Harold
H. Williams, Assistant Director of
the Research Laboraories of the Chil-
dren's Fund of Michigan, will discuss
"Lipid Studies of Blood and Tis-
sues," on Saturday, April 27, at 10:30
a.m., in the East Lecture Room of
the Rackham Building. Those inter-
ested are invited.
Fellowship of Reconciliation Peace
Team will meet today at Lane Hall
for meditation at 4:30 p.m. and to
plan action at 5 p.m.
Classical Record Hour will be held
tonight from 7 to 8 in the Michigan
International Night at the Intra-
mural Building: The International
Center, this evening from 7:30 to
11:00, presents the first Internation-
al Night at the Intramural Building.
A short program of folk dances will
be followed by a basket ball game
between the Chinese and Filipino
students, a volley-ball game between
the Chinese and International teams,
a soccer exhibition by the Turkish
students, the International Cham-
pions of last fall's season, and the
finals of the table-tennis tourna-
ment. Tickets may be obtained at the
International Center without charge.
Hillel services will be held tonight
at 7:30 p.m. Seymour Melman will
lead the Fireside Discussion on "Arab
Stalker Hall: Bibe Class at 7:30
tonight at Stalker Hall to be led by
Mildred Sweet. Hobbie groups in
photography, game construction, art
and sculpturing at 9 p.m.
Westminster Student Guild of the
Presbyterian Church will hold Open
House tonight 8:30-12:00. A program
of entertainment and refreshments.
All students are invited. At 10:00
o'clock Dr. Leslie F. Rittershofer will
show colored moving pictures of the
Gardens in North and South Carolina
and life in Bermuda.
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical Build-
ing, Monday, April 29, at 8:00 p.m.
Subject: "Diseases of Unknown Eti-
ology in Which Viruses Are Suspect-
ed." All interested are invited.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m.
in the Founders' Room, Michigan
Union. All faculty members inter-
ested in speaking German are cordial-
ly invited. There will be a brief in-
formal talk by Professor James K.
Pollock on "Partei und Verwaltung
The Annual A.I.E.E. Banquet will
be held Tuesday, April 30, in the
Michigan League at 6:15 p.m. Prof.
John L. Brumm is the principal
speaker. Tickets may be obtained
from Charles Tieman, Wesley Pow-
ers, Robert Buritz, John Strand, Har-
old Briton, or George Gotschall.