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April 21, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-04-21

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SUNDAY, APRIL 21, 1940

.-.-:s y- .'...a.. V a ~ a *....ad C 1f / 7,1a t ..a

SUNDAY., _ , _. A~L2. 1940

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; 'sy mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff
Carl Petersen . . . . Managing Editor
Elliott Maraniss . . . . Editorial Director
Stan M. Swinton . . . . . . City Editor
Morton L. Linder . . . . Associate Editor
Norman A. Schorr . . . . . Associate Editor

Dennis Flanagan

. .


Associate Editor

Election Ills
In The U.S. ,...
occurring in various states are re-
ceiving considerable attention from politicians,
professional observers and the ordinary voters.
Consequently, it is pertinent to bring up a prob
lem that has concerned political scientists, but
has not been sufficiently publicized in the news-
papers and magazines which carry frequent
analyses of political trends. The question is how
may the candidates for one of the most impor-
tant offices in the world be selected in a manner
that is the most efficient and democratic pos-
Most students of the subject are agreed that
nomination by convention is not democratic
enough because too much power is placed in
the hands of a few energetic and influential
party workers. An adequate substitute for the
national convention is yet to be worked out,
but reform has been suggested 'and adopted in
a few states in regard to the selection of dele-
gates. It is the same method that was substi-
tuted for the convention procedure of nomin-
ating local and state officials in a number of
areas-the direct primary. The question then
arises why is this plan only in effect now in
17 states.
on the subject, contends that one of the
chief difficulties with the results of the pri-
maries is its lack of control over delegates. She
argues that a delegate cannot be an automaton
because he must act on more than one ques-
tion, and secondly, during prolonged balloting,
he must use discretion.
The problem of delegate control has been
attacked from two different angles: by having
a popular preference vote for the president and
holding it binding on the delegates; or by select-
ing candidates whose preferences correspond to
those of the voters whom they represent. These
methods have been used with all sorts of varia-
tions and not with overwhelming success. The
best plan appears to be the one which gives te
presidential aspirant winning the preference
vote, the power to select delegates.
AN ADDITIONAL source of criticism is the
"swing-around-the-circle" situation with
the dates of the primaries rangir from early
March to late May instead of on a single day.
Success in one state can affect the results in
the others and the, issues may be varied with
the time and state. The chief merit to the pro-
cedure with its present weaknesses is that it
provides a barometer of political feeling in cer-
tain areas. Even here there are limitations be-
cause candidates realize it is bad politics to run
in a state where there is a favorite son. Nor do
they serve as effective barometers if considered
as a whole. A candidate may win all the pri-
maries and still be far from controlling the con-
vention. As a matter of record the primaries
have not dictated the nomination in a majority
of cases.
Up until 1916 it was thought that the idea
would sweep the country. There were then 22
states that had it. Today the number has
dropped to 17. Prof. Overacker points out that
we have reached an impasse: unless the pro-
cedure is extended to more states, at least
enough to control the convention, it cannot be
effective. But it is difficult to argue for its
extension because of its present ineffectiveness.
-Alvin Dann

Jonn N. anavan . . . . Associate EuItor
Ann Vicary . . . . . . Women's Editor
Mel Fineberg . . . . . . Sports Editor
Business Staff
Business Manager.. . . Paul R. Park
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager Ganson P. Taggart
Women's Business Manager . Zenovia skoratko
Women's Advertising Manager . . Jane Mowers
Publications Manager . . . Harriet S. Levy
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of Tle Daily
staff and represent the views of te writers
In China ..
HE MOST heroic work in the field
T of education that mankind has yet
Such is the praise that Prof. J. Raleigh Nel-
son, director of the International Center, gives
to the efforts and determination of Chinese
students to continue their education in a coun-
try where nearly all the schools and universi-
ties are devastated.
Bggore the war began in the summer of 1937,
thore were in China 45,000 students in 82 col-,
leges training to serve the needs of 450,000,000
Chinese people. These students were studying
to become the leaders in the immense task of
bringing to China's millions a standard of living.
and education complementary to building a
true Chinese democracy.
Eight colleges are now left on pre-war cam-
puses in China. Besides the devastation of
factories, countrysides, cities and hospitals the
war has destroyed or closed 93 percent of China's
schools and colleges.
BUT undaunted, Chinese students are deter-
mned to continue their preparation and
give reality to the statement of their national
leader, Chiang Kai Shek: "Students can best
serve their country by completing their edpa-
Although the physical plants of China's uni-
versities are destroyed, these educational insti-
tutions are still living entities, maintained in
caves, dugouts, hostels and barracks that the
students have constructed throughout China.
But these brave students need food, shelter,
clothing and medical care if they are to con-
tinue their noble work. More hostels and bar-
racks are needed to house the now transient
universities of China.
ARISING to the emergency, the Far Eastern
Student Service Fund has pledged its sup-
port to the rebuilding of China by raising money
for those prime necessities of Chinese students
today--food, clothing, shelter and medical care.
The Service Fund is organized and supported
by student, church, peace and progressive
groups throughout America. It is not attempt-
ing to create antagonism toward Japan, for two
percent of the money it receives gogs for the
future reconciliation between Chinese and Ja-
panese students.
Here on the Michigan campus the Student
Religious Association has taken the lead in or-
ganizing aid for Chinese students in cooperation
with the Service Fund. Tomorrow evening Dr.
T. Z. Koo, internationally known lecturer and
secretary of the World Student Christian Fed-
eration, will speak on "Progress in Free China"
at the Rackham Lecture Hall in behalf of the
local drive to help Chinese students receive
training for the rehabilitation of their devas-
tated, country.
Now think this over. Five cents means a coke
OR one week's, shelter for a Chinese student.
15 cents means a chocolate milkshake OR meals
for one week. One dollar means cigarettes an
movies for you and the girl friend OR medical
care for six students for one year. The local
address of the Service Fund is in care of Ken-
neth Morgan, Lane Hall.
- Robert Speckhard

Of ALL Things...
.... By MortywQ . .. .
(Editor's note: Since Mr. Q. is away in South
Bend investigating doweries and grocery businesses,
Associate Editor Norman A. "Barney" Schorr takes
over the column for today.)
IT SNOWED in Washington last Friday, (the
first April snow the capital has had in 50
years, one heard) so we were late in getting to
the White House for our press conference with
the President. (There were to be about 50 other
correspondents there, too.)
At the outer door we were greeted by several
uniformed officers, who collectively raised their
eyebrows and asked, "Press?" We nodded and
kept walking, and/or running, into an anteroom
where the representatives of leading newspapers
and press services from all over the country
were waiting to see The Chief. We weren't in
the room more than seven seconds when a
ruddy-faced man in a brown suit was at our
side, asking, "Pardon me, I seem to have for-
gotten your name."
Quickly we answered, "You don't know us, we
just look like someone you know, but the name
is Sch-"
Then it dawned on us that "they" had caught
us. For a split-second we felt like fugitives
from justice, but fortunately, our Washington
host, Fred Warner Neal, city editor of The
Daily in 1937 and now with United Press, ap-
peared and explained to this Mr. Donaldson,
head of the White House Press Division, who
we were. Of course that made things entirely
different, so we joined Neal, who already had
Carl Petersen and Mel Fineberg in 'tow.
THE newspaper boys were rather restless, it
seems they had been waiting for a half
hour now, so they started to pound on the big
white door just like the bleacher fans do at
Briggs Stadium. Finally, the door swung open
and we stumbled into another anteroom where
we caught fleeting images of Cabinet members
Cordell Hull and Henry A. Wallace, and several
Senators, also waiting for an audience with
the President. We kept going into the next
room, through another gauntlet of Secret Ser-
vice men, and into the Executive Office.
The President was seated behind his very
large desk which was covered with all sorts
of little trinkets, dolls, ash trays, elephants,
etc. He seemed very confident, and healthy
(his political opponents notwithstanding). He
was smiling and chatting with the group of
Senators and other officials grouped around
him. He wore a black bow tie and puffed at a
cigarette holder which was perched at a cockf
The conference was opened, informally, by
a question from one of the reporters concerning
the President's latest Reorganization Plan,
which had been ordered the day before. From
the tone of his reply we knew that this was a dif-
ferent Roosevelt from the fireside Roosevelt.
This was a relaxed Roosevelt, speaking to men
whom he knew, men who have worked with
him for eight years, men who do not necessarily
agree with him, but like him because he has
been cooperative and considerate in his dealings
with the gentlemen of the Press.
After a series of questions about some other
provisions of Reorganization Plan No. 3, and
the television investigation, the scribes warmed
up to the "hot" subject of the day-the war
in Europe. This was the first time the President
was available following the invasion of Norway
and Denmark, and we expected fireworks.
FROM the far side of the room we heard, "Mr.
President, would the Monroe Doctrine be
invoked in the event of the physical invasion
of Greenland and Iceland by Germany?"
Everyone perked up and here we saw the
President at his best, handling a question he
didn't iitend to answer.
His head tilted at the typical Rooseveltian
angle, he smiled and replied, "Don't you think
that is premature, right now?" He laughed
and everyone else laughed, because they knew
there would be no answer. For too many of them
have already been "ordered to the corner" or

told to put on a dunce cap for posing questions
of the Third-Term calibre.
Upon repeated questioning, however, the
President revealed that following a study
the geography of Greenland, its flora and fauna,
in encyclopaedias and with his geologist-advi-
sers, and was convinced that the Arctic island is
more closely related geographically to North
America than to Europe. He insisted that he
believed that America's only interest in Green-
land at the present is a humanitarian one, not
political, and that he had already consulted
the head of the American Red Cross to send up
food ships for the 17,000 Eskimos, who might be
stranded, since they are dependent on Denmark
for foodstuffs.
We were very disappointed when we heard
from one of the scribes, "Thank you, Mr. Pres-
ident," for the press conference was over.
In the Senate, Republican Senator Reed,
of Kansas, was attacking the request of
New Jersey's Democratic Senator Smather
for an additional Federal judgeship.
Reed: "How can the Senator from New
Jersey come here and ask for an additional
judgeship when the New Jersey docket is
far from being overcrowded?"
Smather: "How can the Republican Sen-
ator from the wheai fields of Kansas come
here and oppose this appointment, when
even his own colleague, the senior Repub-
lican Senator from New Jersey (Barbour)
favors such a new appointment?"
Reed: (indignant) "I am a Senator of
the United States of America and I hope

Drew Pedrson
Robert S. Allen
WASHINGTON-The great Lone
Star State of Texas, where Jack
Garner was born and with whose
heretofore unfailing backing he rose
to fame and fortune, is today the
stage of what, in the opinion of in-
siders, will be his last political battle.
For the grizzled old warrior it is a
bitter and ironic clash. Bitter be-
cause he finds himself on the defen-
sive in his own home bailiwick, where
he reigned supreme for so many
years; ironic because lie actually is
only a pawn in a struggle in which
he figures prominently but in which
he has no real personal stake.
For'behind the fierce political con-
flicts churning up Texas Democracy,
the real issue is not the fate or for-
tunes of Jack Garner, but who will
control the state organization-the
Old Guard group that has bossed
it for an era, or the New Deal mili-
tants who have surged to the front
in recent years.
Garner Out
The battle was joined a few days
after Roosevelt's smashing 8 to 1
Illinois victory, when Representative
Sam Rayburn, Democratic floor
leader and an Old Guard !crony,
went to the White House and made
this proposal:
"Jack's licked and we know it. It's
no use to rub it in or have a fight
in Texas. Why not call off your
friends who are out for a third-term
delegation, and we'll agree to a 'fa-
vorite son' delegation that will give
Garner a first-ballot complimentary
vote and.no more."
The President was uninterested.
He told Rayburn that he had not
intervened in any other state fight,
and had no intention of calling off
the Texas New Dealers. They had
as much right to campaign for what
they believed in as the New Dealers
in other states.
Rayburn then asked permission to
send a wire to Texas, to the effect
that he was authorized to say that
the President did not approve of the
third-term campaign being waged
for him. Again Roosevelt vigorously
shook his head.
A few days after Rayburn's failure,
Jesse Jones, wily Federal Loan Ad-
ministrator, tried his hand at the
same strategy, but with no better
New Deal Terms
Texas New Deal leaders, naturally
informed of the undercover maneu-
vers, promptly intensified their fight.
This is concededly a tough one,
as under Texas law delegates are
chosen at a state convention and,
with the exception of the larger ci-
ties, the Old Guard controls most
of the country organizations. But
the big ace up the third-termers'
sleeve is the ardent desire of Gar-
ner's friends to avoid a knock-down-
and-drag-out fight in his home
'The New Dealers are bearing down
strong on this fact. They have served
notice that unless a satisfactory
compromise is offered, they will fight
to the last ditch.
Their terms are these: they are
willing to give Garner a complimen-
tary vote as a "favorite son" can-
didate, but thereafter the Texas del-
egation must take orders from the
New Dealers. In other words, con-
trol of the delegation will be in the
hands of the liberals, and not the
Old Guarders who ran Garner as a

"stop Roosevelt"candidate in Wis-
consin and Illinois.
. The argument of the New Dealers
is that while in Texas the Old Guard
is boosting Garner only as a "favor-
ite son" candidate, at the Chicago
convention-if they are in control
of the delegation-they will revert
to form and play ball with other
anti-Administration elements, to
fight either Roosevelt or his choice
if he decides not to run.
The New Dealers are standing pat
for a pro-Roosevelt delegation, on
the ground that if there were a pop-
ular ballot in Texas such a slate
would win hands down.
Unhappy Scene
Unhappiest man in the bitter me-
lee is kindly, peace-loving Sam Ray-
burn, who is torn between his loyalty
to Roosevelt and his close personal
friendship with Garner and the old
Leftto himself, Sam would play
ball with the New Dealers. But his
old Texas cronies are putting terrific
pressure on him, and he is in the
distressing situation of being used'
to fight the President and the New
Deal. Besides his personal distaste
for this, Sam also fears the effect
it may have on his own vice presi-
dential or speakership ambitions
should anything happen to Speaker
William Bankhead.
To get either, Sam has to have
Northern Democratic support, and{
it is overwhelmingly pro-Roosevelt.
VT m. 1r ,

(Continued from Page 2)
softball and volleyball. Supper will
be available outdoors, followed by
social hour around a camp fire. All
graduate students and faculty invit-
The overnite trip planned for the
weekend of April 27-28 has been
changed to May 4-5. Reservations
should be made by April 28 and a
deposit paid to Abe Rosenzweig, as
the trip is limited to 30.
A forum, sponsored by the Hillel
Foundation and Avukah, will be held
at the League tonight at 8:00. The
guest speaker will be Rabbi Jacob
Weinstein, of the Temple K.A.M. of
Chicago, who will discuss "Democracy
and Cultural Pluralism." The public
is invited.
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet today at 5:30 p.m. Election
of officers will be held and Professor
Paul Kauper will review "The Nazar-
ene." Dinner at 6:00.
American Student Union Executive
Committee meets in Michigan Union
at 11 a.m. today. ASU members in-
vited to attend.
Coming Events
Botanical Journal Club meeting on
Tuesday, April 23, 7:30 p.m. in Room
N.S. 1139. Reports by: Evelyn Eichel-
berger, "The defensive mechanism in
orchid mycorrhiza." Maxwell Mead,
"Micropedology." Jean Bertram,
"The oxidation of manganous com-
pounds by microorganisms." Russell
Steere, "Bacteriophage."
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m.
in the Founders' Room, Michigan
Union. All faculty members inter-
ested in speaking German are cordi-
ally invited. There will be a brief
informal talk by Dr. A. Rosenthal on
"Ueber die Geschichte der griechis-
chen Mathematik."
Physics Colloquium: Professor R.
A. Beth of the Physics Department,
Michigan State College, will speak on
"Atomic Constant Discrepancy" Mon-
day, April 22, at 4:15 p.m. in Room
1041 E. Physics Bldg.
Seminar in Bacteriology in Room
1564 East Medical Building Monday,
April 22, at 8:00 p.m. Subject: "Vir-
uses and Immunity." All interested
are invited.
Junior Mathematical Society: An-
nual election of officers at the meet-
ing on Monday, April 22, at 7:30 p.m.
in Room 3201 Angell Hall. An in-
vitation to attend a state meeting
of college undergraduate mathe-
matics clubs will be discussed, and a
discussion of "Cubic and Quartic
Equations in Polar Coordinates" will
be given by Mr. Daniel Levine and
Mr. Wadey. Freshmen wishing to
join the club are requested to attend
this meeting or, if unable to attend,
call Mr. Wadey at 9023.
Iota Alpha Meeting Tuesday eve-
ning, April 23, 7:30 p.m., West Con-
ference Room, Rackham Building.
Speaker: Dr. S. L. La Fever.' Topic:
"Engineering Obstetrics." Motion
pictures will illustrate the lecture. Re-
La Sociedad Hispanica will present
a program on Wednesday, April 24,
at 7:30 in St. Mary's Chapel Audi-
torium (Williams and Thompson
Streets) A Spanish one act play,
music, and songs will be included in
the program. This meeting is open
and free to all interested.
International Spring Festival at
the Intramural Building, Friday,
April 26, 7:30 to 12:00 p.m. The In-
ternational Center is offering an eve-
ning of co-recreational sport, sport

demonstration, and tournament fin-
als with an hour floor show of pictur-
esque folk dancing at the Intramural
Building. Free tickets starting April
15 at the office of the International
Center, 603 E. Madison Street (South
Wing, Michigan Union).
Deutscher Verein will meet Tues-
day night, April 23, at 8:00 p.m. in
the League.
Engineering Students and others
interested are invited to attend the
Right To Criticize . .
The last word still remains un-
written in the contempt of court
proceedings directed against the
St. Louis Post-DispatchgbysCircuit
Judge Thomas Rowe.
But to those who believe the news-
paper overstepped no bounds of pro-
priety in commenting upon the man-
ner in which an extortion case was
handled in Judge Rowe's court room
last month, the remarks of Attorney
General Robert H. Jackson are en-
"The right to criticize trends in
the decisions of the court I have
claimed for myself and concede to


meeting of the Fourth Coal Utilization
Institute on Monday, April 22, at the
Michigan Union.
International Center: The Monday
evening movie at 7:15 is entitled
"Transpacific," a one-reel sound film
in color, showing the development of
Pan American Airways in Latin
America and the construction of the
Transpacific Route.
Reserve Officers: Colonel John S.
Worley will speak on "Motor Trans-
port" (illustrated with motion pic-
tures) in Room 304 of the Michigan
Union. All Reserve Officers and
R.O.T.C. students may attend.
Fellowship of Reconciliation: Sup-
per as usual Monday evening. The
group will go to hear T. Z. Koo at
8:00 p.m.
University Girls' Glee Club rehear-
sal Monday night at 7:15 In Game
Room of League.
Acolytes meet Monday at 7:30
p.m. in the Rackham Building. F.
R. Bichowshy will read a paper on
"The Scientist's Morals."
Women's Tennis Club: Reorganiza-
tion meeting at 4:00 p.m., Wednesday,
April 24, in W.A.B. All women inter-
ested in tennis are welcome.
German Play: Lessing's "Minna
von Barnhelm" will be presented
Monday, April 29, at 8:15 p.m. in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Passover meals will be served at
Lane Hall from April 22 to April 29.
Reservations for the first and second
Seders as well as regular meals may
be made by calling the Hillel Foun-
dation immediately. Students in
need of financial aid for these meals
are instructed to call Dr. Isaac Rab-
The Monday Evening Drama Sec-
tion of the Faculty Women's Club
will meet in the Michigan Union on
Monday, April 22, at 7:30.
Faculty Women's Club: The Play
Reading Section will meet on Tues-
day afternoon, April 23, at 2:15 in
the Mary B. Henderson Room of the
Michigan League.
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m. "Our Advocate Supreme" will be
the subject of the sermon by Dr. W.
P. Lemon.
5:00 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild Music Appreciation.
5:30 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild meet for supper and election of
officers. At 7:00 o'clock Mr. Ken-
neth Morgan, Director of the Student
Religious Association, will speak to
the group on "What Is Worship."
First Congregational Church: 10:45
a.m. Public Worship. Dr. L. A. Parr
will speak on "What About Your
6:00 p.m. Student Fellowship sup-
per. Professor Philip L. Schenk will
give an illustrated talk on "English
Unitarian Church: 11 a.m. "Free-
dom of a Race," review of the novel
"Native Son."
7:30 p.m. Round Table Discussion:
"The Negro Faces the Future." Mr.
Edward Dalton, Institute of Public
and Social Administration, Detroit;
Miss Carol Rumsey, Graduate of Uni-
versity of Michigan.
First Church of Christ Scientist:
Sunday morning service at 10:30 a.m.
Subject: "Doctrine of Atonement."
Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
Trinity Lutheran Church will hold
its worship services at 10:30 a.m. Rev.
H. O. Yoder will deliver the sermon.

Zion Lutheran Church will hold
its worship services at' 10:30 a.m.
Rev. E. C. Stellhorn will speak on
"An Alive Christian."
First Methodist Church: Morning
Worship Service at 10:40 a.m. Dr.
Charles W. Brashares will preach on
"World Problems Facing Methodism."
Stalker Hall: Student Class at
9:30 a.m. at Stalker Hall. Prof.
George E. Carrothers will begin a
series of discussions on the theme,
"Qualifying for Leadership." Wesley-
an Guild Meeting at 6:30 p.m. at the
Methodist Church. Jean Westerman
will lead a discussion on the sub-
ject, "Personal Religion." Refresh-
ments and Fellowship hour following
the meeting.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church:
Sunday: 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion
(Corporate Communion for Junior
Church teachers); 9:00 a.m. Break-
fast for Junior Church teachers in
Harris Hall; 11:00 a.m. Morning
Prayer and Sermon by the Reverend
Henry Lewis; 11:00 a.m. Junior
Church; 11:00 a.m. Kindergar-


This column is written to correct certain im-
pressions that seem to be prevalent about The
Daily's music critic. The worst part of his
job consists of being stopped at any given hour
of the day and night by earnest young people
who hum, whistle, or grunt a truncated bar
or so and ask him what is it. When he says
he doesn't know, the individual gives him a
cold, what kind of a critic are you stare, and
moves scornfully away. So it might as well be
stated once and for all that critic or no, there
are a few themes that elude him, a few dance
tunes that are not known to him, a few horn
trios that somehow have escaped his universal
Worse than this however, are the individuals
who remark "Oh, you're a music critic are
you? Well let's see if you know this one." It
took a long time to figure that out, but by the
simple process of borrowing a sylabus from
Professor McGeough for that haven of culture,
Music 41, he has so far been able to forestall
the majority of such questioners. What will
become of him when the cultural diligentsia
discover that a few themes have been written
that are not included in Music 41 is a question
he does not dare to put himself?
On just one field in the thematic hierachy
does your critic claim to be something of an
authority. This is that of the leitmotif. He is
literally death on Wagner and can spot Wotan's
Will at forty paces on a cloudy day with the
sharpshooters. On the leitmotif we will stand
up to Oscar Levant or any of the real experts.
But only in that field. The great regret of his
life is that nobody has ever whistled the Dam-
nation theme to him, possibly because it is
practically unwhistleable. He would know it
like that.
As to other minor irritations your critic would
like to report that he never in his life claimed
to be an ace handballer. Without that regret-
table libel the squib about him in a recent
column is entirely correct, although he will
never relish the exact tone in which it was
written. However, he realizes that envy distorts
all literary styles, even what we might call the
sub-marginal type of composition. Someday
your critic would like to have a story written

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