Tfl~ IWLCIflGAIN DAIIJY
SAITMAr, F": 11, 1940
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
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. City Editor
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NIGHT EDITOR: MILTON ORSHEFSKY
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
And Slashing Relief .. .
TTENTION IS DIFFUSED over a
A number of important goings-on
right now-violations of civil rights, wars in
Europe, labor difficulties, national spending and
saving programs. Of these the ones most likely
to affect the well-being of the mass of American
people directly and immediately is the current
congressional legislation likely to slash some
appropriations while boosting others.
According to a recent press dipatch from
Washington, D.C., the House Naval Committee
"unanimously approved a two-year $655,000,000
fleet increase just one day after another com-
tnittee had cut approximately $111,000,000 from
the Navy's funds for the coming fiscal year."
At the same time, the dispatch continued, deep
cuts in the agriculture department appropria-
tions have led to resentment on the part of
Congressmen from farm states.
NOW, economy can scarcely be condemned by
anyone, as long as its workings do not cut out
expenditures vital to the welfare of, the nation.
At the same time a navy adequate for the defense
of the nation is needed-and money must be
spent for farm relief.
It is easy to accept the word of military and
naval experts who claim our navy must be
large enoughto meet attacks by two or even
three powers at one time. At the same time it
is equally easy to be fooled into needless ex-
penditures for defense. These excessive e-
penditures-if indeed they are excessive-scarce-
ly fit logically into the economy picture. Even
with the maintenance of national expenditures
at their old level--with little thought of ec-
onomy-an increase in navy funds would mean
a decrease in other appropriations. With na-
tional expenditures cut-that is, with economy
measures taken-more navy money will mean
still less for relief, federal works projects, farm
aid and other forms of necessary expense.
BEFORE ACCEPTING the word of the experts
who want more defense dollars, we should
certainly see what will be the effect on other ap-
propriations of such an increase. In order to
give the navy more money, other agencies de-
pending upon government support must have
their funds cut or taxation must be increased-
contrary to the government's program of ec-
Eventually, the entire matter resolves itself
into three questions: are increases in our navy
vitally necessary; can we afford cuts in other
government appropriations; if the navy must
be increased,, do we need guns more than "but-.
ter" as Hitler decided Germany did? Before
anything is done on the subject, these questions
--all three of them-should be answered, by
legislators and citizens alike.
- "Wlliaxu Newton.
New York University has opened a special
course on the economic and political issues of
the coming presidential campaign.
Taking of textbooks,;notebooks; or other class-
room material into the Arthur Upson room of
the University of Minnesota library is strictly
prohibited. Its facilities are devoted entirely to
the reading of books - for pleasure- or personal'
By HERiBERT WEIINGER
TWO STUDIES in the propaganda use of the
documentary film were shown last night by
the Art Cinema League. Both "The City" and
"Marseillaise" are naturalistic in intention; that
is, they purport to show things as they were and
are. But since art is essentially a matter of
selection, naturalism becomes merely a method
which still leaves the direction of the bias to the
ideological predelictions of the artist.
Because "The City" has a point of view which
is lucid and incisive, it is able to organize its
materials effectively to that end. The contrast
between the disorganized and ugly metropolis
and the intelligently planned community is made
sharply and with humor; the thesis is inherent
in the material.
On the other haid, "Marseilles" is so be-
fuddled in its thinking, so obfuscated by a senti-
mental and dangerous nationalism, that the re-
sult is a chaotic and boring film. In its attempt
to equate 1789 with 1940, it slurs over exactly
those essential differences upon which intelli-
gent action today must be based. In effect,
"Marseilles" tells us that the Second World War
is a struggle for democracy; certainly this is an
assertion whose validity prust be established by
more than an emotional appeal to patriotism.
Basically, both films deal with the problem
of how to make democracy real. "The City"
does this concretely by showing how, through
intelligent planning and cooperative action, men
and women can live together decently on the
human level. In communities such as Green-
belt, life is no longer a competitive struggle for
existence but a group action which brings out
the best human qualities The idea of de-
mocracy is defined in specific understandable,
and realizible terms. Though the nostalgia for
the countryside is a weakening element and
though the method of securing such communi-
ties is oversimplified, nevertheless "The City"
remains a contribution to the struggle for de-
But in the French film, democracy means to
die for one's country by fighting other men who
are also dying for their country. The individual
is made to lose himself for the state and the
qualities he strives for, patriotism, discipline,
death, are ultimately those for which Fascism
stands. It is therefore no wonder that France
is no longer a democratic country.
To The Editor:
WE HAVE BEEN ON STRIKE against the Chi-
cago Hearst newspapers for 14, months,
The Herald &' Examiner, declining since the
sanguinary pressmen's strike of 1912, suspended
publication last August. The Evening American,
now called the Herald-American, survives.
Three hundred men and women carry for-
ward the fight for decent conditions in an in-
dustry long in need of them.
Through heat and cold they man the picket
line. One gave his life-he died on strike duty.
Seventeen babies have been born. Today in
the middle of a second winter, clothing and,
shoes are worn, homes, automobiles, insurance
policies are gone. Families live in the cheapest
of dwellings on the cheapest of fare. Everything
has been given up save the dignity of people
fighting in a just cause.
Press and radio suppression, thug terror, in-
junctions and other devices of the Hearst man-
agement have failed to defeat these people. Re-
cently, upon presentation, of more than 100
affidavits, the Guild obtained an injunction re-
straining Hearst agents from acts of violence.
HEARST would suppress his workers even more
ruthlessly than he has attempted to suppress
teachers. His attacks upon educators were
condemned by the American Federation of
Teachers as follows:
"Through his control of numerous agencies
. he has attempted to pollute the mind of the
American people through distortion of facts
on all vital matters . . . He has been a constant
enemy of academic freedom and of honest,
courageous teachers... He has fought all efforts
of workers to better their conditions ..'."
After a year drama of the strike is forgotten.
Oh, yes, there was a newspaper strike long ago.
Is it still on? It is, and it will go on to save the
strikers and their families and to establish at
last that newspaperman, too, are human beings
who cannot feed on "romance."
Strikers need food and clothing. Homes need
fuel. Can you contribute a few dollars? Can
you spare an old suit or overcoat or any service-
able article of wearing apparel?
We do not. ask charity. We ask support in a
fight for human rights, for a better life for our-
selves and others. It would be a definite tragedy
if after the incredible sacrifices of so many
months, we could not go on for lack of a few
dollars with the, goal so near.
Please address Educators' Fund, Hearst Strike
Committee, 231 S. Wells St.. Chicago.
Harry D: Wohl,
American Newspaper Guild.
"Educators throughout the nation may have
sound reason for confidence in -the sensibleness
Britain Aids Finns
Up until now it has been a military secret,
but within the last three or four weeks the
Finns have received 300 fighting planes from
They were shipped at the rate of about 100
per week secretly to Sweden, where they were
assembled and flown to Finland. This is the
most important assistance the Finns have had
for some time, and indicates the seriousness with
which the British finally view the Finnish war.
It will be recalled that when the war first
started and the Finns appealed to Britain for
help, Foreign Minister Halifax replied that aid
to the Finns might alienate a friendly neutral
Confidential word also has been received here
that a few German airplanes and pilots are be-
ing used by the Finns. It is not clear, however,
whether these are supplied by Field Marshal
Goering and the General Staff, known to be
out of sympathy with Russia, or whether they
were supplied by exiled German business men.
* 4* * *
Behind The Politicians
Under Robert Houghwout Jackson there will
be a very important shift in the crusading activi-
ties of the Justice Department.
Murphy concentrated his fire on corrupt poli-
ticians. Jackson will train his guns on the poV-
ers behind the politicians-business and utility
This does not mean that the "pols" will be
neglected. They need not hope for any let-up.
Jackson is going after them just as vigorously as
Murphy did, and one of the first places on the
list to be tackled is boss-ridden Atlantic City.
Behind this shift in emphasis are two factors.
The first is that Jackson is less political-minded
than Murphy. Jackson is a relative newcomer
in politics and has never held an elective office.
Murphy has held a number and his thinking is
chiefly in political terms.
The second factor is Jackson's strong ec-
onomic orientation. Like Murphy, he too has
a long crusading career but his crusades have
been against business powers. As a stripling
lawyer just out of school in Jamestown, N.Y.,
he defended a group of street car strikers when
they couldn't get another attorney. A few years
later he took up the legal cudgels for the local
independent telephone company against the
giant A.T.&T. and licked it.
As a 40-year-old Assistant Attorney General
he waded into the mighty Aluminum Corpora-
tion of America with anti-trust charges, and
followed this up with a tax evasion suit against
the late Andrew W. Mellon, former Secretary of
the Treasury and ruler of the aluminum field.
By Young qulliver
P' - ii
TODAY WE START OFF with a p
little story which appeared on
page one of yesterday's Detroit Free
Press. You can file it, if you like, in
the Songs Without Words Depart-
ment. The headline is:
EXTRA - SANDWICH PLEAa
OUSTS FIVE COLLEGIANS. p
YOUNG HARRIS, Ga., Feb.
15-01h'-Suspension of student
government and the ouster of
five youths was announced to-
day by President T. Jack Lance,
of Young Harris College, in the
wake of a demonstration for
"more liberal privileges" by 1!
about half of the 500 students.
"The faculty will not tolerate
bolshevism," Lance said.
Lance said that the principal b
demands were for student bodyd
dances, which are denied by the3
Methodist institution; for lib-3
eralized dating privileges, and
for an additional sandwich for
each student on the Sundayd
C ULLIVER wants to acknowledge,
gratefully, the notes which he n
has received from students telling A
him that they support his attacks
on the rising war fever in this coun- I
try. But one letter which he has re- a
ceived has meant far more to him
than all the rest. And this is why:
it comes from a man who is not a
student, but a businessman in town. a
This gentleman was in Ann Arbor
before and during the first World d
War, and he remembers well the uni- v
formed students marching up and p
down the diagonal. He doesn't want
to see it happen again, and he has
told the Daily Editors that he sup-
ports their opposition on the war.
One of his notes reads: "Young Gul- d
liver . . . How about the traffic in c
ore and coke between France and i
Germany as reported in the attached
cipping? "Days of Our Years" tellsp
of France receiving 250,000 tons of e
steel per month from Germany dur- t
ing the Great War in return for ann
agreement from France not to bomb
German munition works . . . and
that England could have ended the
war in 1915 by stopping shipments of
cotton to Germany which could haveg
been done but was not permitted by A
the international munitions boardA
. this might be given an airing all
over again in mentioning the present
interchange of ore and coke."A
Enclosed along with the note is a 1
clipping from the "National Whirli-
gig" column of last Tuesday's Free
Press. We are going to reprint it now,
because it goes a long way towards
answering the question raised by the E
writer in 'his note. It is headlinedL
Trade With The Enemy, and it reads:
Well authenticated informa- e
tion from private sources takes t
spiritual issues out of European t
warfare. As previously reported, n
the exchange of goods betweenL
Germany and France is being
maintained at an accelerating
pace and is by no means confined
to coke and ore. But French ore,
until recently, has been reloaded .
in Belgium and then moved in
Belgian cars into the Reich.s
Nazi coke was handled in a cor-e
Because handling charges ranF
high this practice has been dis-
continued, so that French rail-2
road cars now move into Ger- 1
many and German cars into ,
France without reloading, all via
Belgium. The railroad gauge of
all three countries is identical
and because, at the outbreak oft
war, the French roads had some
German rolling stok and~ the
Germais had some belonging to
the French, the presence of these
cars in the respective countries
naturally attracts small atten-
FOOD FOR THOUGHT DEPART-
MENT: Isn't the Sumner Welles who
has been shipped to Europe on a fec-
ret mission by President Roosevelt
the same Sumner Welles who had a
finger in the changes of some of the
governments of Cuba and other Latin
American countries-in fact, isn't he,
according to Time Magazine, the
same Sumner Welles who was hanged
in effigy in Cuba in 1933? Isn't he
the same Sumner Welles who, as the
"National Whirligig," never noted for
either a pro-Nazi or a pink tinge,
puts it, has a "single-minded admira-
tion for British Empire policies?".r.
Isn't the fact that the National
Youth Administration has turned
over to the United States Army re-
cruiting service, upon request, a list
of all male enrollees between the
ages of 18 and 25, a little more in-
teresting when you consider that 75
per cent of the recruits of the Cana-
dian Expeditionary Force were un-
employed young men? . .. Wouldn't
you feel pretty good if you were
Gulliver and you found Attorney
General Jackson agreeing with you
that the arrests for Spanish recruit-
(Continued on Page 2) b
t entails extra work and limits our t
possibilities in being of service. U
T. Luther Purdom, Director e
The University Bureau of Appoint- a
ments and Occupational Informa- i
Handbooks: Handbooks for 1939-40
are available at Lane Hall. The sup-
ply is limited. i
Academic Notices S
Anthropology 162 will meet in 401 g
Mason Hall, T.T.S. at 9.
German 211 Gothic will meet on A
Mondays from 7-9 p.m. in 303 S
Norman L. Willey 4
Mathematics 161, Theory of Num-
bers, will meet Tuesdays and Thurs-
days at 11 o'clock and Mondays at f
3 o'clock (instead of Saturdays) in a
3010 A.H. No meeting today. r
Political Science 203 will meet Mon- 1
day, Feb. 19, at 3:00 p.m. in Room1
2034 A.H. L
Far Eastern Art: Office has been
moved from Museums Building to 5,
Alumni Memorial Hall.U
F.A. 192 Art of China and Japan:
Tu., Th., 9:00 meeting place to be
F.A. 204 Ceramics, U
F.A. 206 Mediaeval India, t
F.A. 208 Special problems: Hours t
and meeting places to be arranged. e
Consultation hours 9-11:30; 1-3 1
daily. All first meetings of classes a
will be held in Room 5, basement a
Alumni Memorial Hall. C
James Marshall Plumer, D
Lecturer on Far Eastern Art
A reading examination for all stu-- S
lents interested in enrolling in a spe- H
:ial service course in remedial read- 6
ng, which is to be organized shortly, o
will be held at 2 o'clock today in the
Natural Science Auditorium. The
xamination will begin precisely at them
time announced and last approxi- p
mately two hours.'s
American Indian painting, southt
gallery, Alumni Memorial Hall, until v
March 1, 2 to 5 p.m. Auspices ofP
Ann Arbor Art Association. 3
Art and Industry, ground floor,
Architectural Building, courtesy Col-
ege of Architecture and Design.
University Lecture: Dr. Francis G.
Benedict, former Director, Nutrition
Laboratory of the Carnegie Institutiona
)f Washington, will lecture on "Sct
mnce and the Art of Deception" under I1
the auspices of the Department of In- i
ernal Medicine at 4:15 p.m. on Wed- 6
aesday, February 21, in the Rackham t
Lecture Hall. The public is cordially tJ
University Lecture: Dr. Georg A
Steindorff, Professor Emeritus of
Egyptology and former Director of
the Egyptological Collection, Univer-
ity of Leipzig, will lecture on "From 1
Fetishes to Gods in Egypt" (illustrat- n
d) under the auspices of the De-. 3
partment of Oriental Languages at
4:15 p.m. on Wednesday, February p
21, in the amphitheatre of the Rack--c
iam Building. The public is cordially
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 8:30 to I
10:00 this evening. The moon and
the planet Saturn willrbe shown f
through telescopes. Children must be
accompanied by adults.
Graduate Students and other stu-
dents interested are invited to listen
to a broadcast by the Metropolitan
Opera Company of Wagner's opera,
"Die Walkure," in the Men's Lounges
of the Rackham Building today at
Sunday Night Supper Entertain-
ment Committee meeting today at
2:00 p.m. in the Kalamazoo room at
Women's Rifle C1ub meeting at the
Women's Athletic Building today
at 1 :30 p.m. New rractice schedule
will be set.
The Westminster Guild will give a
tea for Presbyterian girls on the cam-
pus fom 3:00 to 5:00 in the Presby-
terian Church parlors.
Episcopal College Work Program:
The Reverend W. Russell Bowie, of
New York City will speak on ""What
Jesus of Nazareth Stood For," today
at 3:30 p.m. at Harris Hall. All Epis-
copal students and their friends are
urged to attend.
tInmin o a a.R
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
ers: The regular luncheon meeting
'ill be held Monday at 11:10 p.m. in
he Founders' Room of the Michigan
Tnion. All faculty members inter-
sted in speaking German are cordi-
lly invited. There will be a brief
formal talk by Professor JoM W.
aton on, "Heinrich Heine und John
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
n Room 1564 East Medical Building
4onday, February 19, at 8:00 p.m
ubject: "The Pleuropneumonia Or-
anisms." All interested are invited.
Physics Colloquium: Professor S.
.Goudsmit will speak on "Error and
robability" on Monday; Feb. 19, at
:15 p.m. in Room 1041 E. Physics
Lecture: Miss Muriel Lester, world
amous liberal, protestant reformer,
nd lecturer, will speak at a student
ally at the First Congregational
hurch, 4:30 p.m., Sunday, February
8, under the auspices of the Inter-
uild Council and the Henry Martin
Eta. Kappa Nu meeting on Sunday,
eb. 18, at 7:00 p.m. in the Michigan
International Center: Mr. Ivor
chilandsky f r o m Johannesburg,
nion of South Africa, will present
he following piano recital at the In-
ernational Center at 7 o'clock Sunday
vening: Sonata in A Major, Opus
01, Beethoven: Aufschwing, Grillen
nd In der Nacht, Schuman: Polan-
ise in E Flat Minor, Chopin; Les
ollines d'Anacapri, and Minstrels,
The New Michigan Wolverine, 209
. State Street, is sponsoring a Social
[our Sunday evening, Feb. 18, from
-10:30. Music. Refreshments. Every-
The Lutheran Student club will
eet Sunday at 5:30 pm. at the Zion
'arish Hall. Dinner at 6:00. Pre-
entation of "Faith for Our Day" by
The Monday Evening Drama See-
ion of the Faculty Women's Club
ill meet on Monday, Feb. 19, at 7:30
.m. in the Michigan Union, Room
First Methodist CMurch. 1Morning
worship Service at 10:40 a.m. Miss
Auriel Lester of London, England,
ill be the speaker.
Stalker Hall: Student Class at 9:45
.m. Prof. John L. Brumm will lead
he discussion on "The PeuIar Di-
umma of the Present World." Wes-
eyan Guild Meeting, with supper, at
p.m. Following will be four simul-
aneous discussion groups on the
hemes: "Peace, Racial Problems, In-
lustrial and Labor Problems, and
fter College, Then What?"
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church.
unday, 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion;
1:00 a.m. Morning Prayer and Ser-
non by The Reverend W. Russell
owie, D.D. of New York City; 11:00
..m. Kidergarten, Harris Hall; 7:00
).m. Student Panel Discussion on
What I Think Jesus of Nazareth
Stood For," Harris Hall; 8:00 p.m.
Adult Confirmation Class in the
Church Office Building.
Disciples Guild (Church of Christ):
10:45 a.m., Morning worship, Rev.
Frederick Cowin, Minister.
12:00 noon, Students' Bible class,
H. L. Pickerill, leader.
6:30 p.m., Discussion on "Getting
Along With Others," led by Rev. H.
L. Pickerill. A social hour will fol-
Unitarian Church: 11 a.m. "The
Meaning of Heywood Broun," liberals
7:30 p.m. Round Table Discussion,
"The Bahai Faith," by Dorothy Bee-
cher Baker. Refreshments.
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Sunday service at 10:30 a.m. Subject
"Soul." Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
Baptist Church: 9:30. Graduate
Bible Class. Prof. LeRoy Waterman,
10:45 Morning worship. Sermon
opic, "Choose Ye This Day."
12:00. Student Round Table Dis-
cussion topic, "How Tolerant Should
4:30. Roger Williams Guild joins
with the Inter-guild Counsel in hear-
ing Miss Mueriel Lester of London,
England, in the Congregational
Church. The Group will meet in the
Guild House at 6:00 p.m. to discuss
Miss Lester's address.
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m. "Triumphant Personality" will
be Dr. John K. Bibby's topic.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THERE WAS A CERTAIN bleak look which
came over the national eye early in 1917
whenever a speech was made for peace. . It
means: "We know you. We're watching you.
You're for the Kaiser. We can handle people
But, as I say, that time is not yet. It is still
possible to be against war without having your
best friend grow noticeably pale, and begin to
make incoherent little noises. So, the question
is, how are we going to spend the intervening
months until the Big Rise in temperature takes
place? I can feel its hot breath when I open
some of my mail, right now. But those few let-
ters are just a preliminary pawing of the air.
They are outnumbered, ten to one.
How long will it be before things get hot? If
we judge from the last war, we have about 29
"safe" months, taking us up to a date in thr
future corresponding to Jan. 1, 1917. By that
time, of course, it was all over. Somehow the
time between August 1914 and December 1916
TWENTY-NINE MONTHS from September 1,
1939, when this war started, would carry us
to Feb. 1, 1942. But life will move faster this
time. Tha t anti-English bias which we de-
veloped around 1776 was still a fact in American
thinking in, the early years of this century. The
sweetly uncomplicated school textbooks of that
period unfailingly pictured England the oppres-
sor, with her heel on our Colonial neck. It w.
during the war, as Charles A. Beard has pointed
out, that our historians hastily rewrote their
scripts, some even reaching the conclusion that
our Revolutionary War was a mistake, a family
spat which only proved the depth of our early
American love for and attachment to Britain.
* * *: *
There is now virtually no anti-Englishism. Its
is kent alive only by the American Irish. for