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February 16, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-02-16

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Weather
Light rai r snowtoday.

Sir iga

~~ait®g

Editorial
Creating Arus And
Slasnizg Relief,

VOL. L. No. 97 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEB. 17, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Finns' Appeal
For Military
Help Refused
By Stockholm
Helsinki Believed Faced
With Choice Of Peace
Or AppealTo Allies
Soviet Army Gains
Reported By Finns
STOCKHOLM, Feb. 16. -(P)-
Sweden formally refused to send
direct military help to Finland today,
leaving Finland faced, diplomatic ob-
servers believed, with the choice of a
despairing appeal to the Western
powers for troops or a dangerous
peace with Soviet Russia.
Premier Per Albin Hansson, through
the medium of an official communi-
que, said that Finland's request for
"transport of Swedish military groups
to Finland" had been declined; that
Sweden stood by Hansson's Riksdag
declaration of Jan. 17 to the effect
that her aid to Finland would be
limited to all material and humanitar-
ian hep possible.
May Turn To Allies
Diplomatic sources predicted that
Finland, desperately pressed by a
great Russian offensive against the
Mannerheim Line, might now make a
direct request for formal military
assistance to Great Britain and
France,'and that Sweden and Nor-
way would be asked to permit pass-
age of the Allied troops and muni-
tions. At the same time the Stock-
holm newspaper Folkets Dagblad said
Finnish leaders had informed Sweden
they would have to turn to the Wes-
tern powers if Sweden declined mili-
tary aid-or else make a peace with
the Soviets-"on conditions greatly
concerning Sweden."
A Swedish Foreign Office spokes-
man said Sweden "naturally never
could tolerate a march through by
troops of a foreign country." He add-
ed Great Britain and France had for-
warded no such demands. Moreover,
informed Stockholm observers were
skeptical as to whether any practical'
military aid could get to Finland from
the Western powers.
London Sees Little Aid
In London, reliable British spokes-
men were quick to point out it would
be difficult, technically, for either
Great Britain or France to place
trained and sizeable active service de-
tachments on the Finnish battlefront
quickly. They said that Britain's
Army was training for conditions
vastly different from those in Fin-
land; that they could not be seasoned
in time to help in the Mannerheim
Line crisis. '
Finns Admit Line
Dented By Soviet Army
HELSINKI, Feb. 16. -(P)- The
Soviet Army, with 500 planes support-
Ing a tremendous land attack, has
crashed ahead to dearly-bought gains
at three places along Finland's Man-
nerheim Line on the Karelian Isth-
mus, tonight's Finnish Army com-
munique acknowledged.
It was the second time in three days
that the Russian mass drive was
acknowledged to have made a dent in
the main Finnish defense fortifica-
tions.
Shortly before the communique was
issued a military informant admit-
ted that the Red Army had captured
at least part of the village of Summa,
which has seen fiercest fighting of the

16-day-old Isthmus battle. f
He said the Russians were in Sum-
ma on Feb. 13 and presumably still
were there. This "Verdun" of the
Russian-Finnish war, now demolished
by shellfire, lies only 20 miles south-
east of Viipuri, Finland's second
largest city and apparent immediate
objective of the Russian onslaught.
London Paper
'Sends' SOS To U.S.
LONDON, Feb. 16.--P)-In an edi-
torial titled "SOS" The Daily Mail to-
night declared the United States
"should face realities and should give
Finland help of real value in her hour
of peril."
"For ourselves we ask nothing but
for Finland we presume to go far-
ther," the newspaper said, urging that
the United States permit the Finns to
use American loans for the purchase
of arms.
Dean Bursley Reported Ill

I
r:
I

Ethics Established By Human
Experience, Prof. Carlson Says
Immortality And Belief In Personal God Criticized
By Noted University Of Chicago Physiologist

By ALVIN SARASOHN
The development of ethics and
morals is a gradual process growing
out of human experience and riot a
gift coming to us "from above," Prof.
Anton J. Carlson, of the University
of Chicago's physiology department
told a capacity audience last night in
the Rackham Lecture Hall, as he in-
augurated the Student Religious As-
sociation's lecture series on "The Ex-
istence and Nature of Religion."
Speaking as the first of four lec-
turers to present different viewpoints
toward religion, the noted scientist
claimed that the ethics under which
we live have been evolved by men,
living together, and that these ethics
"are far better than those of the Old
Testament." Religious practices are
of no significance he said, since re-
sponsibility for good conduct is up to
the individual and not to a god or
society .
Dividing his discussion of religion
into three parts-the nature of man,
the nature of the universe and the
origin of ethics-Professor Carlson
applied the reasoning of the scientist,
holding that the evidence afforded
by modern biology, anthropology and
physiology renders it highly improb-
able that there can be personal im--
mortality. The human personality,
he pointed out, changes with time
and can be affected by the physical
action of drugs.
'cCriticizing belief in a personal God,
Professor Carlson said that, in view
of what science has revealed today,
one cannot read the Bible without
thinking it fanciful, not always
truthful - and "not even good
poetry." The primitive peoples who
wrote it, he continued, were unen-
cumbered by what we know today.
That there is some order in the
Koronski Talk
Ends Michigan
Highway Meet
Gogebic Engineer Decries
Lack Of Well-Surfaced
Roads In State Counties
Inadequately-surfaced county roads
have received too little attention in
the planning of the state's highway
systems, George Koronski, engineer
of the Gogebic County Road Com-
mission told the closing session of the
Michigan Highway Conference yes-
terday morning in the Union.
Analyzing the existing condition o
roads in Michigan, Koronski pointed
out that only 4,752 miles of county
road are hard surfaced, while there
are 44,000 miles of gravel and 32,000
miles of unsurfaced roads. These
county roads, he indicated, must be
as thoroughly considered in the
scheme of our social destiny as any
other system of roads, and there are
approximately three million miles of
them in the United States.
The economic, social and financial
design of a road is as much a prob-
lem as the physical design, Koronski
declared, emphasizing that this vast
network, of secondary roads repre-
sents the small division of our society,
the basic structure of our democratic
Igovernment, without which our gov-
ernment cannot survive.
The farmer who sells his produce at
a low level and buys it back at a high
level cares little whether the road
surfaced has been designed by chart,
graph or vehicle miles, Koronski as-
serted, but he does know that if he
has to haul hisdproduce through the
mud he is getting less for his pro-
duce than his neighbor on all all-,
weather road, because it costs him
more to get to market.
Contestants Named

In BridgeMatches
Contestants for the first of a
planned series of student-faculty
bridge matches held under the au-
spices of the University Club were
announced yesterday by Harold Sing-
er, '41, in charge of the tournament.
The matches will start at 2 p.m.
today in the University Club.
Including Conway Magee, director
of the regular Union bridge tourna-
ments, the faculty team will include:
Prof. Ben Dushnik, Prof. W. L. Ayres,
Prof. V. C. Poor, Prof. J. S. Worley,
Prof. Harry Bouchard, Prof. J. C.
Brie. 'T. HawlevTannina' fl,. A Mf

world cannot be used to explain one's
belief in God, he claimed; such be-
liefs are really extensions of child-
hood ideas that we are loath to sur-
render, since we are given new hope
when we think that there is a benevo-
lent order in the universe.
Although he felt that religion was
totally unnecessary in leading a
moral life, Professor Carlson admit-
ted that it is no drawback, since
"religious people are often far bet-
ter than their religion." He pointed
out that they have been leaders in
the inauguration of better schools,
hospitals and effective social welfare.
Opportunity for discussion of Pro-
fessor Carlson's lecture will be of-
fered at the Forum to be led by Prof.
Raphael Isaacs of the Medical
School at 8 p.m. Tuesday in Lane
Hall. " Succeeding speakers on the
series will be given copies of his lec-
ture to consider in preparation of
their own.
16 Released
From Charges
of Recruiting
Judge Moinet Closes Case
After Attorney General's
Motion For Dismissal
DETROIT, Feb. 16.-(P)-Without
comment, Federal Judge Edward J.
Moinet today freed 16 persons of
charges recruiting Spanish Loyalists
soldiers here, thus closing a case
handled by two United States At-
torneys-General.
Judge Moinet, on motion of Welly
K. Hopkins, special assistant to At-
torney General Jackson, dismissed
the indictments on which 12 defen-
dants had been arrested Feb. 6 and
four had since been sought.
A motion to nolle prosse the indict-
met. a made by Welly K. Hop-
kins,- special assistant to Attorney
General Robert H., Jackson, and
granted at 3 p.m.
Before a-making his motion, Hop-
kins conferred with John C. Lehr,
United States district attorney in De-
troit, and after the court appearance
met in Lehr's office with representa-
tives of patriotic and fraternal groups
who had protested the dismissal of
the cases when it was first intimated
that the prosecutions would be drop-
ped.
"I have been instructed by the At-
torney General to come to Detroit to
offer in behalf of the government a
motion to nolle prosse the seven in-
dictments covering 16 defendants,"
he said.
"This action was taken simply on
the instruction given me. District
Attorney Lehr is operating at all
times -under the instruction of the
Department of Justice in Washing-
ton and is in no wise subject to criti-
cism because of the action taken to-
day.
The groups appearing at Lehr's
office included American Legion-
naires and Knights of Columbus. The
delegation was headed by John C.
McGillis, Knights of Columbus secre-
tary.

House Passes
Record Naval
Appropriation
Proposal To 'Make Guam
Naval Base For Planes
Eliminated From Bill
19 New Combat
Ships To Be Built

l
L
i

Swimmers To Face Iowa

I'n First Home

Contest;

Quintet Meets Maroons

WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. -()P)-
A record-breaking appropriation of
$965,779,438 for the Navy won the
quick approval of the House today
but only after a proposal to make
Guam a Pacific outpost for naval
patrol planes was stricken from the
measure.
Heeding warnings that the project
might lad to war with Japan, the
House adopted an amendment elim-
inating $1,000,000 sought by the Navy
to start work on a $3,000,000 dredging
and breakwater construction job to
make the island's harbor safe for both
naval and commercial aircraft. The
teller vote was 123 to 114.
The debate was a hot, but abbrevi-
ated, repetition of the fight last year.
Cut Not Restored
The Navy bill, in the form in which
it was sent to the Senate today,
carried funds to start work on 19 new
combat ships, five auxiliary vessels
and 352 additional airplanes, as well
as money to continue work on 79
warships and 18 auxiliaries now under
construction.
No attempt was made to restore
any of the $111,699,699 cut by the
House Appropriations Committee
from the amount President Roose-
velt originally recommended for the
Navy despite the Chief Executive's
expressed hope that funds to start a
second pair of 45,000-ton battleships
would be put back.
Comnittee Urges Restudy
The Appropriations Committee
allowed only $1,500,000 of the $7,800,-
000 requested for that purpose and
urged the Navy to restudy the matter
to determine whether bigger ships
should not be substituted. Asserting
it had learned the 45,000-ton craft
would be virtually the same as those
being built abroad, the committee
condemned what it called the Navy's
policy of "imitating" foreign navies.
However, Chairman Vinson (Dem.-
Ga.) of the House Naval Committee
asserted the curtailed amount would
be sufficient to enable the Navy to
go ahead with plans and let contracts
for the 45,000-tonners.
The $965,779,438 measure, which
went through without a record vote,
:s the regular, annual appropriation
mill, carrying money for the next fis-
-al year. Despite the drastic cut in
the President's naval estimates, the
bill carried about $50,000,000 more
than the Navy received for the current
fiscal year.

Capt. Rae To Lead Team
In Attempt To Break
Recent Losing Streak
Chicago Has Lost
Six Big Ten Games
By CHRIS VIZAS
Darkness prevails on all fronts as
game time for tonight's battle be-
tween Michigan's quintet and the
Chicago Maroons approaches. Not
until the whistle blows for the open-
ing center jump at 7:30 p.m. at Yost
Field House will anyone know what
the line-ups will be or the style of
basketball that will be payed.
Coach Bennie Oosterbaan was still
doubtful last night -as to whether or
not the veteran Charlie Pink would
start at his regular guard post, since
the latter has not done any work that
required much moving or running,
this week due to an ankle injury he
received in the Indiana tilt -
Pink himself is confident that he
is in shape to play, but Oosterbaan
will probably wait until game-time
before making any decision. In case
Pink does not start, George Ruehle,
junior reserve, will start in his place.
Ruehle's hard playing and the effort
he has put in this season has made
him the most improved second-year,
man on the squad.
Also hampered by an ankle injury
is Captain Jim Rae, but the rangy
Wolverine pivot man will be in there
at the start determined to pilot his
squad back into the winning column
after the double set-back suffered last
weekend. The entire squad is out to
show Michigan fans that it is as good
a team now as it proved to be in the
first half of the season.
However, Oosterbaan is doing some
of his biggest worrying of the year
over tonight's contest, because of Chi-
cago's unorthodox style and the fact
that the two recent Wolverine de-
(Continued on Page 3)

Swims In Relay

Weeks To Write On CAA
Robert Weeks, '38, former associate
editor of The Daily, and assistant edi-
tor of "Friends," photo magazine pub-
lished by General Motors, returned to
Ann Arbor yesterday to gather infor-
mation and pictures for an article on
the Civil Aeronautics Authority Flight
Training Program here.

Philadelphia Selected By GOP
For Party's 1940 Convention

WASHINGTON, Feb. 16.-()-By
the overwhelming vote of 66 to 32,
the Republican National Committee
today chose Philadelphia for the
party's 1940 convention city. The
date of the convention was fixed for
June 24.
The thing that won for Philadel-
phia was, obviously, an offer of $200,-
000 and the use of Convention Hall.
The offer was made by Mayor Robert
Lamberton, who reminded the com-
mittee members that the money, over
and above the expenses of the con-
vention, could be applied to the cost
of the ensuing campaign.
For Chicago, Mayor Edward J.
Kelly offered to defray the cost of
the convention, with nothing addi-
tional. Eleven days ago he stood be-
fore a similar meeting of the Demo-
cratic National Committee and of-
fered to match any reasonable cash
bid that might be made by any of
the other cities. He got the Demo-
cratic Convention for $150,000.
A roll call vote showed 66 votes for
Philadelphia, 30 for Chicago and two
for Fargo, the latter cast by William
Stern, North Dakota committeeman
~vandh ~.rh lpcA .nn~commtt

after learning what the Republican
plans are.
In Miami today, Farley said he
would announce his decision in the
next few days.
In addition to choosing the time
and place for the convention, the Re-
publican Committee heard a speech
by Chairman John D. M. Hamilton
and received the long-awaited report
of the committee headed by Glenn
Frank on recommendations for the
party's 1940 platform, and other
committee reports.
Frank spoke briefly, telling the
committee only the mechanical pro-
cesses which had been followed in
drafting the report, and not going
into what it contained. Party offi-
cials planned to release it for publi-
cation next Monday morning.
Hamilton said he welcomed the
possibility of a third term effort by
President Roosevelt. It would, he
said, facilitate a Republican victory.
"We would have a clear-cut issue
and once and for all, we would have
a showdown on the New Deal, Frank-
lin Roosevelt and the third term-
and we would finish all three," he

i

Band To Play
New Marching
SongTonight
"Hail Michigan," a new Michigan
marching song, by Claudius G. Pen-
dill, '13, will be introduced by the
Varsity Band tonight at the Michi-
gan-Chicago basket ali game.
It was first sung in public last
Spring by the University of Michi-
gan Club of Boston, in connection
with the world-wide Michigan Birth-
day Broadcast. The Boston alumni
sang it over a local radio station just
before the main broadcast. It was
also played by the Band at Michi-
gan-Pennsylvania football game last
fall in Philadelphia.
Words to the song are being pub-
lished below, in order to facilitate
singing tonight. Students are urged
to bring these words to the game;
Hail Alma Mater,
We sing to you,
All toast our colors-
The Yellow and Blue;
Forward-go forward,
Fight all the way,
Michigan is marching on
To win today.
Great University
The Queen of the West,
Proud sons and daughters
Pledge to you their best;
Shoulder to shoulder
United we stand,
Let mighty shout ring out a cheer
For Michigan.
Robel To Discuss ,
Comparative Law
Dr. Ernst Robel, late of Germany
and at present collaborator in the
field of conflict of laws for the Ameri-
can Law Institute, arrived in Ann
Arbor yesterday for a two-day stay
to hold informal discussions on com-
parative law with the faculty mem-
bers of the Law School, Prof. Hessel
Yntema of the Law School said yes-
terday.
Dr. Robel, who left Germany at
the behest of the Nazi Party, has

BILL HOLMES
Eight Big Ten
Teams To Run
In Illinois Meet
Team's Showing Expected
To Indicate Outcome
Of Conference Race
By HERM EPSTEIN
Michigan track followers turn their
eyes toward Champaign, Ill., today
as the Big Ten champion Wolverine
track team takes part in the Illinois
Relays-a meet which should give
the first indications as to how this+
year's team compares with the rest
of the Conference.
Eight Big Ten teams will compete,
and if the Wolverines dominate this
17th running of the relays as they
have the past two years, they will
once again be installed as favorites
in the Conference.
Heading the Michigan contingent
will be Capt. Ralph Schwarzkopf,
the great two-mile ace; Warren
Breidenbach, Conference 440 cham-
pion; Don Canham, brilliant Junior
high-jumper; and hurdler, Stan
Kelley, Michigan's only individual
defending champion.1
Having decided to forego the
hurdle shuttle-relay, the Wolverine1
relay teams will be defending only
their mile team race crown. In ad-
dition, men have been entered in all
of the special individual events ex-
cept the individual all-around con-
test and the 1000-yard run.
Doherty took along four sprinters
in an effort to capture the wide-open
dash title, but though there seems
to be no one outstanding dashman
in the Midwest at present, the meet
may produce one. Among the con-
(Continued on Page 3)
Prof. Richards
Burial Tuesday
Music Director At M.S.C.
To Be Interred Here
EAST LANSING, Feb. 16-(P)-In
keeping with his expressed wish, the
late Lewis L. Richards, head of the
Music Department at Michigan State
College who died Thursday will be
buried at a private ceremony at Ann
Arbor Tuesday.
A memorial service will be held
in the new music building which
Prof. Richards saw completed on the
MSC campus only a few weeks ago.
The service will be at 4 p.m. Sunday,
Feb. 25.
Known internationally as a mas-
ter of the piano and harpsichord,
Professor Richards also held decora-
tions from the Belgian and French
governments for his war relief work
under Herbert Hoover during the

Michigan Is Overwhelming
Favorite Despite Perfect
Record OfHawkeyes
Iowa Coach Seeks
To Keep Score Low
By DON WIRTCHAFTER
Matt Mann's band of natatorial
leviathans, already conquerors of the
Gibralters of the swimming world,
Yale and Ohio State, will take on the
undefeated Iowa mermen tonight in
their first competitive appearance of
the year in the I-M pool. The first
event starts at 8:30 p.m.
While the power-laden Wolverines
will be overwhelmingly, favored to
display the dynamite force that
carried them to the Western Confer-
ence and National Collegiate thrones,
Mann's speedsters will find it diffi-
cult duplicating the 61-23 trimming
they handed the Hawkeyes last year
in Iowa City.
Easy Victory Seen
At that time the Wolverines won
first places in every event on the pro-
gram and limited the Iowa squad to
only two second places in the individ-
ual events.
Michigan will win again tonight.
There isn't much doubt about that,
but Dave Armbruster, coach of the
invading forces, has brought a well-
balanced and determined outfit here
to hold down the Wolverine tidal
wave.
Included on his 11-man traveling
team are Co-Captains Al Armbruster
and Charles Bremer, both backstrok-
ers, George Poulos, the breast strok-
ing ace, Don Wenstrom, who takes
care of the Hawkeye sprint duties,
Carl Ahlgren and Russ Dotson, two
capable middle-distance swimmers.
Iowa Has Fine Record
With these men f nipg the nuc-
leus, Coach Armbruster's squad has
chalked up three straight dual meet
victories so far this season. They
opened the fireworks by defeating the
freshman natators, 50-34. The Hawk-
eyes followed this with two impressive
wins over Big Ten foes, Illinois and
Minnesota.
Tonight, however, the Iowa mermen
will come up against the impregnable
Michigan attack, and even Armbrus-
ter admits that his only hope is to
keep the score down. In the 150-
yard backstroke event alone are his
boys given an even chance of win-
ning.
With Francis Heydt, the Iowa
transfer on the sidelines, Mann will
use Bill Beebe and Dick Reidl against
the Hawkeyes co-captains. Beebe
won the event last year in Iowa City
beating both Armbruster and Bremer
in 1:42.0. The Hawkeye duo has im-
proved since then, however, and the
two Wolverines will find the going
tougher tonight. Armbruster has
(Continued on Page 3)
Seven Sororities
Enter Relay Races
Of Ice Carnival
Seven sorority teams have been
entered for the relay races to be con-
ducted as a feature of the third an-
nual University of Michigan Ice Car-
nival being given under the auspices
of the Union. The carnival is sched-
uled for 8 p.m. Friday in the Coli-
seum.
The houses entering three-man
teams are: Alpha Gamma Delta,
Alpha Omicron Pi, Chi Omega, Col-
legiate Sorosis, Gamma Phi Beta,
Kappa Delta and Kappa Kappa
Gamma. The relays will be run to-
gether with the fraternity events im-

mediately preceding dancing.
The dancing itself is open to the
audience and follows the rest of the
program. Held on a special section of
the ice, the only requirements are a
partner, music and rubber soled
shoes, according to Charles Heinen,
'41E, chairman of the show.
Rev. Bowie To Speak
At Episcopal Church

,I

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