T.THE M l-CUU-QA1 DAI LY
SUNDAY, MARCH 31, 1940
TH E MICHIGAN DAILY
Of ALL Things...
Edited and managed by students of the University of
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NIGHT EDITOR: WILLIAM ELMER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Toward A Strong
"Will For Peae"
WHO WILL DENY that a great "will
for peace" exists today in the United
States? The evidence for its existence is clear
and unequivocal. Yet what is the precise na-
ture of this "will for peace?" What are its
bases? How stable is. it? Can it withstand
what Randoph Bourne called the "war suction?"
Let us first see how the 1940 "will for peace"
compares and contrasts with its counterpart
before World War I. John Dewey, writing in
the New Republic for July 14, 1917; pointed out
that the pre-war pacifism then "was not a
compound of sentimentality, cowardice, and a
degenerate materialism bred of excessive com-
fort." It was instead identified with "good
business, philanthropy, morality and religion."
Its fatal weakness, as Dewey stated, was its
emotional and ultra-idealistic basis. Cannot the
same criticism be leveled at the "will for peace"
in 1940? Do we not indulge in a great deal of
wishful thinking about our relationship to the
war? Do we not expend a large portion of
energy in merely hoping that the U.S. may
somehow miraculously steer clear of the treach-
erous shoals of war? We must begin to ask
if the present "will for peace" is likely to have
the same tragic outcome as the pacifism of
And yet the 1940 "will for peace" has encour-
aging characteristics, unique for itself. It is no
sudden outburst; indeed it has existed in one
form or another ever since the last World War,
being the direct outgrowth of the disillusion-
ment following that cataclysm. It is consid-
erably better organized; witness the insistent
programs of various youth organizations. In
spite of these acknowledged improvements, the
"will for peace" of today has not yet attained
its fullest effectiveness. For ultimate success
it must become ever more practical.
This necessity can be illustrated by the peace
meetings to be held on campuses across the
country on April 19. These are eminently worth-
while projects, deserving the widespread and
enthusiastic support of the students. The meet-
ings will no doubt be impressive, and their re-
percussions will reverberate for a time through-
out the land. But it is unfortunate that this
tremendous sentiment for peace cannot be
carried over into a permanent student organiza-
tion for peace.
Congressmen, reading accounts of these meet-
ings in the following day's newspapers, will
raise their respective eyebrows, and will be at
least casually stirred. But regrettably, the ef-
fect will probabl- not be lasting. The congress-
;nenl should hef,- ,frete'P lruuiiced that those
who are eligible for muvy future coiscription are
sincerely intent upon keeping the peace. They
should be advised by a representative, perma-
nently functioning student organization of
youth's opinion on specific legislation which is
relevant to war or peace. The congressmen
after all do possess the final power to declare
war, so we with a "will for peace" must corl-
centrate chiefly upon them. They are suscep-
tible to public sentiment, and we should be
properly organized to express it intelligently
Sporadic peace meetings as a manifestation
of our "will for peace" are intrinsically nobly-
motivated undertakings. Their importance would
be tripled if they led to the formation of an ef-
fective. full-time organization for peace. Should
IT'S HAPPENED AGAIN! Oh, you lucky peo-
ple, what good fortune that you have chosen
"Of All Things! . . ." as your final source of
authority! Foresight, that's what you've got,
foresight: all you faithful followers who have
come to rely on Morty Q for your information.
And now once again you are to be rewarded
with another exclusive story. Once again Mr. Q.
takes you behind the scenes and throws off
the veil of mystery, revealing the inside story
of how blue-books are assigned and then cor-
First, let us go to the home of.Prof. Y. Wuzzi
Borne, an authority on 8th century slang. It
is after dinner, and Professor Borne is washing
the dishes; Mrs. Borne is in the living room,
preparing his next day's lectures. Professor
Borne appears at the kitchen door in his blue
apron and reminds his good wife that the last
lecture didn't go over so well, and she had
better be a little more careful. She tells him
to shut 'up and finish the dishes. The dishes
done, the kitchen cleaned, the children put to
bed and the note to the milkman written, the
professor dons his smoking jacket and comes
into the living room.
HE PEERS over his wife's shoulder to see how
it is coming, but a glare from her sends
him to the table for his pipe and paper. He
settles down in the chair, blowing huge clouds
of smoke, which of course means that Mrs.
Borne screeches how does he expect her to get
the work done in a volcano so will he please
take the pipe and . . . well, put it away. So
he puts it down and again settles in the chair.
Now Yancey Jr. starts to bellow from upstairs
and the professor has to go up to quiet him.
"What was the matter?" asks Mrs. Borne with
true maternal concern when Yancey Sr. comes
down. He gives her the dirty-diaper nod and
she goes back to work.
After a short while, she gets up, puts the
notes into his brief case and then glances
through the class-book. A look of annoyance
now comes to her sour puss, a look which finally
culminates in a loud yell: "Yancey!" The ob-
ject of her matrimonial affections is frightened
two and a half feet off his chair, but finally
squeaks: "Yes, love?"
"What does this mean?" demands she, point-
ing to the class-book. Yancey minces over and
looks, then hangs his head and shuffles the
"Well?" menaces the sweet little lady.
"I... .I ... it was. . .well, you see ... I had
to . . it was . .."
Mrs. Borne now is standing in front of her
husband, hands on hips, right foot impatiently
beating a muffled staccato: "Well?"
The professor cringes slightly and then bursts
out: "I gave them a bolt!" with that, he re-
treats a couple of steps and watches his wide-
Finally, after surveying her spouse for a few
seconds, she lets loose with all she's got. By
this time, of course, all six children are lined
up on the stairs "to see Pop get it again." After
pushing him around the room with her index
finger waving in his face, she finally stops
for breath. "The idea!" she continues, "going
out for a coke with that no-good Assistant Pro-
fessor Eppis and letting those lazy-good-for-
nothing students off from class! The very idea
"But, dear, I was just . . ."-
"Don't 'dear' me, you . . . you . . . oh, I knew
that mother was right!"
W ITH this final and inevitable acknowledge
ment of her mother's good judgment, Mrs.
Borne settles down to some nice quiet crying,
while the children troop disappointedly upstairs.
Yancey meanwhile tries to straighten the room
a little and then starts for the stairs. His wife
stops her sobbing and mumbling, goes over to
him, clips him over the head with the class-
book and bellows: "That class gets a blue-book
tomorrow!" The professor tries to explain that
it's the last day before vacation,. that it wasn't.
announced, that they just had one the week
before, that . .
"Yancey! Did you hear what I said?"
So Mrs. Borne once more goes back to the
desk and makes out the questions. This done,
she goes upstairs, rouses the children, whose
ages range from two to eight, and gives the six
of them the examination. (Yancey, Jr. was
again being "wrapped" by his father so he
couldn't take part). All the children pass the
blue-book except 4-year-old Clancey (who has
a cold), so Mrs. Borne figures it is difficult
enough for her husband's class.
The next day, Professor Borne, who is con-
sidered one of the toughest class-men in the
university, gives his amazed and dismayed stu-
dents the blue-book and begrudgingly wishes
them a pleasant vacation.
THREE WEEKS after the vacation has ended,
the professor one night reminds the little
woman that the blue-books haven't been cor-
"Lettem wait!" she decrees.
Finally, the following week, Mrs. Borne de-
cided it's about time to get them out of the
way, so she sets about correcting them. Once
again, she wakes her brood, brings them down-
stairs and lines them up against the wall. She
tosses the blue-books in a pile on the floor and
hollers: "Go gettem!"
The little kiddies leap toward the blue-and-
write mound, scrambling over one another,
pushing and yelling, each with a pencil, scrib-
bling in whatever he can lay his hands on. The
beaming mother sits aside, proudly watching
and finally the professor, who has finished
cleaning the basement, comes in. After about
15 miniuif a Fhof +ths t.rirliao a rPohnnar ti
By JOHN SCHWARZWALDER
It seems that the time has come for this
column to write a long deferred appreciation of
several individuals who have contributed not-
ably to the musical life of Ann Arbor during
the past month. First on our list is Palmer
Christian, organist, whose concerts throughout
Lent proved an inspiration to many who have
all too little contact with music otherwise. It
is not only that Mr. Christian is one of the
truly great American organists, nor that his
technical ability is at times almost astounding.
We have come to expect these things from
him. But his constant effort to present the best
in music literature for his instrument and his
meticulous artistry in the performance of these
works is one of our most prized musical mem-
ories in Ann Arbor.
Never once in some dozens of Mr. Christian's
concerts have we heard a composition that
was not thoughtfully interpreted and sensitively
played. The range of the artist's taste is almost
equally astounding. From the early contra-
puntists through Palestrina and di Lasso, from
Frescobaldi and Buxtehude to Bach (which
Mr. Christian plays with especial magnificence),
from Handel to the Classicists who wrote for
the organ with rare grace and the Romanti-
cists who wrote for it with feeling, from these
to moderns like Guillmant and Widor and up
to the doors of contemporary music, Mr. Chris-
tian has enriched Ann Arbor music more than
any single individual within our stay in the
village, and we suspect more than any per-
former in longer memories.
The second to whom we owe a tribute is Mr.
Wm. Revelli. This is not the place for a dis-
cussion of the excellence of the band Mr. Re-
velli directs, which is too well known for our
comments to help or hinder, but we would like
to pay a very special tribute to Mr. Revelli for
his courage in bringing to Ann Arbor conductors
like Goldman and composers like Morton Gould.
This is unusual for a university musician who
generally goes to any lengths to avoid good
competition. In Mr. Gould's appearance he
scored a triumph. We do not remember having
heard such unanimity on any young composer's
work as attended the premier of "Cowboy Rhap-
sody," nor one which was more thoroughly de-
served. If Mr. Gould can bring his tremendous
gifts to some sort of universal plane without
losing his charming musical personality he
should rank among the very first of American
composers. He has something to say and our
only regret is that so far he has chosen to say
it in a very particular sort of way. But he
certainly has time enough to grow and all the
potentialities for growth. Again we must thank
Mr. Revelli for his perspicacity in letting Ann
Arbor hear Mr. Gould's work, and we might add
that many worth while works are found on the
band's prograims which are not dramatised by
the composer's personal appearance, and for
these too we are grateful.
Some comment should be made on the talks
on music lately given by that fountain head
of all knowledge, Mr. Louis Untermeyer. Mr.
Untermeyer made a few factual mis-statements,
and some others we consider highly questionable.
But he did get down to the very root of the
question of American music. He did state with-
out fear or favor that native folk music was
source for an excellent music of our own, and
that nine tenths of our contemporary composers
were either too much influenced by tradition
or were consciously fighting tradition which is
worse. He did hold up to serious regard Gersh-
win and Forsythe which isdconsiderably more
than our music schools are doing.
We felt that his only really significant omis-
sion was his failure to state unequivocally that
the only really universal folk music, the only
music sung and danced to all over this country
by people of all ages and degrees of wealth is
the so-called "popular music." "Night and Day"
and "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" and "Stardust"
should be and will be the folk music on which
the American future will be built in music.
Mr. Untermeyer came close a couple of times
but he never actually said it. Well, you can't
have everything. These songs are our folk
music now and regardless of who wrote them
they now belong to the people. And this music
is not only more universal than cowboy or
hill billy songs, but also has the merit of being
better music. It's even better than the spirituals
it has so admirably sublimated. More power to
Mr. Untermeyer and the enthusiastic amateurs.
Once again they have stumbled on the truth.
With Silver . . .
Members of the United States Senate Bank-
ing Committee have finally summoned enough
courage to register disapproval of the Treasury's
pyurchiasiig of foreign silver. Much of the
credit for the move toward fiscal common sense
goes to John G. Townsend, Senator from Dela-
ware, who has campaigned for 18 months to
' end the authorization to buy the metal from
abroad under the Silver Purchase Act of 1934.
This building up of a huge silver hoard gives
away American purchasing power in return for
a metal which is not needed as a money base
but which adds to the -potentialities of infla-
tion. The artificial price put on it benefits
the silver sellers at the expense of the nation
as a whole, and rewards Mexico for appropriat-
ing American oil properties.
In short, benefits predicted in 1934 have not
been realized and arguments for retaining such
buying are no longer tenable.
By GERALD BURNS
A few years ago the Carnegie
Foundation in Pittsburgh released
Bulletin No. 29, entitled "The Stu-
dent and His Knowledge." The re-
port was a compilation of various
records gathered as the result of an
extensive examination of more than
25,000 high school and college stu-
dents in Pennsylvania over a period
of five years. The information which
it provides about the intelligence and
general knowledge level of the in-
dividuals who have entered our edu-
cational system is in part literally
astonishing and should be closely
examined in the interest of future
development of the educational sys-
tem of the United States.
It would not be difficult to select
from the report material which might
cause the reader to raise his hands
in horror at the entire , educational
system of the United States. The
Bulletin reveals, for instance, that
the knowledge level of students stu-
dying for the teaching profession is
below that of any other group in
our universities; that on the basis
of comparative examinations it was
found that one-fourth of the fresh-
man class of large colleges was better
fit to graduate than three-quarters
of the senior class; or even that some
seniors know more than their teach-
ers. But it was not the purpose of
the report alone to horrify the United
States. The report tried to gather
material to explain the reasons for
such instances and to suggest how
these things might be eliminated
from the educational system of the
To begin with, the report uncov-
ered the fact that only half of those
who leave high schools to enter col-
leges really represent the cream of
the intellectual crop, the other half
of the more brilliant students being
either unable or unwilling to con-
tinue with their educations. It was
discovered by the examiners, as well,
that financial barriers kept by far
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
the greater part of this half out of
Here, then, would be the first rea-
son for such a ladder of ability being
discovered in the colleges of Penn-
sylvania. Financial walls kept half
of those students who could logically
enter college away and allowed to
pass thousands of students who had
the money but not the intelligence
required for a higher education. That
such a condition does exist in a
country which boasts a system of
"free" and "democratic" education is
shameful. That the United States
should stand for old-age pensions
and to keep the feeble-minded in
institutions yet should neglect the
welfare of so many of its young is
unbelievable. And even in the face
of these statistics NYA appropria-
tions are being cut and taxpayers are
complaining of huge sums being
spent on extension of educational
facilities. It is some sort of a stupid
paradox in this democracy.
Another section of the report pre-
sented statistics comparing the
knowledge of various grades of col-
lege students in specific subjects
such as mathematics, English, or
history. It would not be practicable
here to repeat many of those statis-
tics, but they showed in sum that
grade is not an accurate indication
of the progress which a student has
made in the subject. For instance,
of 1,000 English majors tested
nearly 30% of the freshman class
showed a knowledge of. English
greater than that of the seniors
ready to receive their degrees. Sim-
ilar cases were found in mathematics
where only a third of the senior class
appeared to know as much about the
subject as the freshmen.
The statistics indicate, of course,
that the ability of the individual is
frequently suppressed by the system
and that he often is forced to move
at a snail's pace with the rather
uncertain "average" student. The
problem is, then, to plan the cur-
riculum so that the superior student
may advance according to his ability
The Carniegie Investigation
OUR EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
and not as he accumulates necessary
routine credit hours which accrue
after his name in the university's
records. The present system, the
report seems to indicate, in part
defeats its own purpose of educating
people by retarding the education of
many who would push ahead.
One of the old educational super-
stitions debunked by the report was
that which claimed masculine intel-
lectual superiority. According to the
results compiled by the Carnegie re-
port there is a difference between the
mental capacity of men and women
of only one or two points, but this
is not, in view of the diverging in-
terests of the two sexes, held to be
in any way significant. A great con-
trast to this fact is to the accusation
made by earlier educators that a
woman's place is in the home be-
cause she is fit for no activities
other than domestic.
It is true, of course, that the
Statistics for the Bulletin were com-
piled almost entirely from a study
of students in Pennsylvania schools.
But the wide cross section of life
from which they were taken-indus-
trial and rural, rich and poor-can
leave no doubt but that they are
fairly representative of conditions
which exist all over the United States.
There were many other problems
into which the Bulletin's statistics
might have been translated, but
those presented even in this article
are enough to indicate how far from
perfect is the educational system of
the United States today. America
should by this time begin to realize
that economy in education is the
most injudicious sort, for it threatens
to produce an aristocratic system
which can be patronized only by
those who have the money to sur-
mount its financial barriers. And
she should realize too how great is
the danger of mass production educa-
tion which subjects every individual
to a long line of processes, regardless
of his personal ability. There are
many faults to be found, and they
must be corrected.
(Continued from Page 2
The last date for filing application is
noted in each case:
Industrial Hygiene Engineer I, sal-
ary range $150-190, April 17.
Industrial Hygiene Engineer IV,
salary range $325-385, April 17.
Industrial Hygiene Engineer III,
salary range $250-310, April 114.
(Michigan residence waived for this
Practical Nurse C1, salary range:
$95-110, April 13.
Graduate Nurse A2, salary range
$115-135, April 13.
Psychiatric Graduate Nurse Al,
salary $140-160, April 13.
Prison Tailor Shop Foreman Al,
salary range $140-160, April 19.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
Physical Education for Women:
During the week of April 1, skill tests
in the following activities will be
Fencing: Tuesday and Thursday,
2:30 to 4:00, Barbour Gymnasium.
Badminton: Monday and Wednes-
day 1:30 to 4:15, Barbour Gymna-
Swimming: Tuesday and Thurs-
day, 7:30 p.m., Union Pool.
Riding: Monday and Wednesday,
3:20, Barbour Gymnasium.
Academic . ofic es
Final Examination for iHygieiec
Lectures for Women will be given at
the regular class period on April 1
and 2 in Natural Science Auditorium.
It is important that students attend
the section in which they have en-
Mathematics 58, Spherical Trigo-
nometry. A bluebook will be given
this course on both Monday and Fri-
day at 4 p.m., and may be taken by
each student at whichever of these
times he prefers.
T. N. E. Greville.
Orchestra Concert: The University
Symphony Orchestra, Thor Johnson
Conductor,. with John Klolen, piano
soloist, will give a concert in Hill
Auditorium, Tuesday evening, April
2, at 8:15 o'clock, to which the gen-
eral public is invited without admis-
sion charge. The concert will begin
on time, and the public is requested
to be seated promptly.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Photographs of Finnish
architecture, by Ernst L. Schaible
the War" under the auspices of the
Department of Geology at 4:15 p.m.
on Thursday, April 4, in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. The public is cor-
Carnegie Lectures: Dr. Carlos Del-
gado de Carvalho, Professor of Soci-
ology in the Colegio Pedro II and Pro-
fessor of the Geography of Brazil in
the University of Brazil, the Visiting
Carnegie Professor, will be in resi-
dence at the University of Michigan
from April 15 to May 10.
The following series of lectures has
been arranged under the auspices of
the Division of the Social Sciences:
"Glimpses of the Human Geography
of Brazil" on Tuesday, April 16, 4:15
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
"An Outline of the Economic His-
tory of Brazil" on Friday, April 19,
4:15 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
"Problems of Race Mixture and
White Acclimatization in Brazil" on
Tuesday, April 23, 4:15 p.m., Rack-!
"Present Trends in Brazilian Edu-
cation" on Thursday, April 25, 4:15
pm. Rackham Amphitheatre.
"The Immigration Problem in Bra-
zil" (Annual.Phi Kappa Phi Lecture)
on Tuesday, April 30, 8:30 p.m., Mich-
igan Union, Large Ballroom.
"The New Brazilian State" on Mon-
day, May 6, 4:15 p.m., Rackham
All of thetabove lectures are open
to the public.
Mathenatical Lecture Professor
O Zariski of Johns Hopkins Univer-
sity will give a lecture on Wednesday,
April 3, at 3 o'clock, in 3011 A.H. on
the subject, "Local Uniformization
of Algebraic Varieties."
Lecture: Mr. Luther Tucker, who
has spent the past two years admin-
istering relief in China and was re-
cently released from a Japanese pris-
on, will speak at Lane Hall, Monday
April 1, on "Why Chinese Rlelief" at
4:15 p.m. and on "Chinese Universi-
ties Carry On" at 7:00 p.m.
Professor Howard M. Ehrman of
the History Department will speak in
the small Ballroom of the Michigan
Union this afternoon at 2:30. His sub-
ject will be "Finland and Its Prob-
lems." Also moving pictures and re-
Varsity Glee Club: All men going
on the Spring Trip must present
health cards at regular rehearsal to-
day at 4:30. p.m. Special rehearsa
Monday at 4:00 p.m.
Flying Club will hold a meetinj
today at the Ypsilanti Airport. Ca
will leave Union at 2:15 p.m.
tive to this meeting to help make
plans for this year's Parley.
Michigan Anti-War Committee will
meet today at the Michigan Union
at 3 o'clock. All members urged to
Executive Committee of American
Student Union meets today at 11 a.m.
in Michigan Union. All ABU mem-
The Michigan Wolverine Social
Hour tonight will be called "Fools'
Paradise." The Detroit Music Appre-
ciation Society's recording of Beetho-
ven's Fifth Symphony will be played
from 6:00 to 7:00 and the recordings
of Benny Goodman from 7:00 until
Avukah is sponsoring a fireside dis-
cussion and social at the Hillel Foun-
dation tonight at 8:00. The guest
speaker will be Mr. Philip Slomovitz,
editor-in-chief of the Detroit Jewish
Chronicle, who will discuss the cur-
rent land problems in Palestine. The
public is invited.
Attention, All Hillel Members: Vot-
ing for members of the Hillel Coun-
cil will be held Sunday, Monday,
and Tuesday from 2 to 6 p.m. at Lane
Hall and from 9 a.m. to 12 a.m., 1 to
5 p.m., and 7 to 11 p.m. at the Foun-
dation. All members are urged to
vote and must bring their member-
ship and identification cards to the
Eabbi Leon Fram, of the Temple
Beth-El, of Detroit, will be the guest
speaker at an open forum at the
Pi Lambda Phi house this afternoon
at 2:15 All members of the
Hillel Foundation and others invited.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m.
in the Founders' Room, Michigan
Union. All faculty members interest-
ed in speaking German are cordially
invited. There will be a brief in-
.ormal talk by Mr. Frank G. Ryder
f on "Der Aklan-Dialekt."
1 Chemistry Colloquium will meet in
- Room 303 Chemistry Building at 4:15
- p.m. on Wednesday, April 3. Profes-
sor W. E. Bachmann will speak on
"The Synthesis of Sex Hormones."
All interested are invited.
t Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
- in Room 1564 East Medical Building
1 Monday, April 1, at 8:00 p.m. Sub-
ject: "Trypanosoma cruzi." All in-
terested are invited.
r Junior Research Club will meet on
Tuesday, April 2, at 7:30 p.m. in the
amphitheatre, third floors of the Hor-