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February 16, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-02-16

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National Relief Crisis Is Imminent
If Administration Continues Potiy

17 -^'-"-,1- - - -
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to.
It or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising SeNice, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40

Carl Petersen
Elliott Maraniss
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr
Dennis Flanagan
John N. Canavan
Ann Vicary .
Mel Fineberg.

Editorial Staff
Business staff

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
*Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
* Sports Editor
. Paul B. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
Jane Mowers
*Harriet S. Levy

Business Manager
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Manager

T HE CLEVELAND relief crisis of De-
cember, which was a product of last
year's WPA cuts, is but a forerunner of the
nation-wide relief crisis that the United States
will witness if the present plans of the Ad-
iniistration to cut the relief rolls further are
allowed to stand unquestioned.
Relief slashes were justified on the grounds
that business had shown signs of picking up.
"There is reason to hope," the President said
as he recommended a half-billion cut in WPA
appropriations, "that a continued expansion
of business would diminish relief requirements
substantially." Even as Roosevelt was speak-
ing these words, business was starting the new
year by turning out men faster than goods.
The principle of Federal relief to the unem-
ployed was established onaa condition, not a
theory. The condition was the utter bank-
ruptcy of all local means of sustaining the dis-
charged employes of private industry. The
principle of local relief was that the wealth pro-
duced locally is consumed locally. Such a theory
has little relationship to a market economy sus-
tained by a nation-wide division of labor where
employment in Detroit depends on purchases
made from Los Angeles to Boston. The devas-
tating effects of nation-wide industrial stoppage
had to be taken over by the nation. That is
what has determined the character of the Fed-
eral relief program from FERA to WPA.
Relief spending is merely stop-gap spending.
The rea job is still that of building payrolls,
not maintaining relief rolls, but as long as there
are not adequate pay rolls there must be relief
rolls. If the relief rolls are cut further before
the payrolls are built up, we may return to the
despairing days of 1932. Business economists are
in agreement that all that stands between
America and another disastrous recession to-
day is the sustaining development of war orders.
With millions being appropriated for defense,
the immediate issue confronting the American
people is adequate relief for the unemployed.
No number of new battleships and perfected
machine guns and rifles can protect these 10
millions or more from hunger, cold and sick-
ness. A brief review of the relief situation in
some of the leading cities of the United States
shows how badly the plight of the unemployed
really is. The facts were garner'ed by local wel-
fare workers intimately acquainted with the
conditions portrayed.
Detroit's relief rolls fluctuate widely with the
tempo of industrial activity. In late 1937 and
early 1938, wholesale lay-offs, accompanied by
a sharp reduction in the auto Work week to two
and three days, resulted in the highest relief
load in Detroit's history. During 1935, 25 per
cent of Detroit's population received relief. Not
once during the 10 years of depressions has the
relief load dropped below 15,000 families.
In the recent publication of the state budget
for allotments for 7,000 dependent children fam-
ilies, it was revealed that a family of a mother
and one child was given $2 a week for food, and
a $24 a month total, with proportionate amounts
for larger families. This budget is considerably
lower than the cost of feeding criminals in vari-
ous Michigan penal institutions.
The proposed 1940-41 fiscal year welfare bud-
get is based upon a predicted case load of 16,-
000, a reduction of almost 30 per cent of the
present relief load. This wishful attitude con-
flicts sharply with the rapid increase in appli-
cations for relief in January. Inadequate relief
provisions have already led to temporary elimi-
nation of single persons and childless couples

from the rolls. Food budgets are from 20 to 30
per cent below the U.S. Department of Agricul-
ture's "dangerous" health and decency level if
continued for longer than six weeks. Families
have been living on these budgets for years, with
the inevitable destruction of health, morale and
living standards.
The fact that 80 per cent of Detroit's relief
cases are classified as unemployable is suffi-
cient evidence to prove that relief has grown
into a problem of major social, economic and
political consequence.
In Cleveland, the relief food schedule is 7.6
cents per day per meal per person. This is five
per cent below the 8.09 cents given by the Fed,
eral Bureau of Home Economics as the "mini-
mum for an adequate diet if applied with the
most judicious expenditures, resourcefullness
and skill."
A sample investigation by the American As-
sociation of Social Workers of 374 cases revealed
that 60 per cent were unemployable. Ninety had
been laid off of the WPA recently and only 11
had some personal income. There were 54
threats of eviction and 12 actual evictions. In
48 cases children were out of school because of
food and clothing shortages. In the 210 cases
where investigation was more extensive, 85 had
diabetes, TB, heart conditions, or stomach ul-
cers requiring special diets.
In Chicago an average family consisting of a
man, wife and two children receives $46.68 to
pay for food, rent, coal, gas and electricity for
one month. The Chicago Standard Budget for
families on relief would allow $67.89 for this
same family. That four people are eating on a
total of less than five cents per person per meal
does not mean that they have to. Warehooses'
stockyards and grain elevators are still well
stocked. Bank deposits are increasing and Pos-
tal Savings are higher in Illinois than in any
other state. The State of Illinois balanced its
books for the year ending June, 1939 with a sor-=
plus of $12,000,000.
In March of last year, 104,000 persons were
on WPA payrolls in Illinois. At the end of De-
cember that number had dropped to 55,000.
This is not due to a shortage of applicants, but
to a shortage of jobs. More WPA jobs could
be created both by the city and by the state if
they would sponsor several much needed proj-
ects of such as the sewer and sewing projects.
These projects would provide jobs with a cost
to the city of only 25 per cent of the total
operating costs.
The situations in the three leading cities de-
scribed in the above paragraphs are only samples
and are indicative of the relief situation in the
United States. Figures reveal that a large part
of the relief rolls are comprised of "unem-
ployables." Where there are no payrolls, there
must be relief rolls.
- Helen Corman.
Now it was quiet. The battle between the
wind and water had stopped. His friends had
fought the waves and safely returned with the
calm, as they had come. But he had crossed
the narrow horizon of the earth and had melt-
ed into the large immensity of the universe. He
had reached the place where land and water
were one. -- Shirley Chase.
The council of fraternity presidents at Ohio
State University has set up a loan fund 6pen
to all men students who want short term loans
with a minimum of red tape, according to the
Ohio State Lantern.

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Consider Cost Of
Your Irresponsibility
playing, and have been displaying through-
out the current school year, an attitude worthy
of the mental level of unintelligent secondary-
school students, if one may believe the figures
on damage to University property recently an-
nounced by officials of the buildings and grounds
Approximately $1,000-worth of damage has
been done-presumably by University students
-so far, according to the igures. $500 of this
total was caused by the paint smeared about
various parts of the campus by . class-spirited
lads last fall. More expense may be accounted
for by a summary of the damage caused to
shrubbery and lawns by students who yield to
trail-blazing and short-cutting urges. Defaced
signs about the campus have come in for a
large share of damage.
Few people want to stifle class spirit, and
still fewer want to put a damper on genuine
originality displayed by students. Yet whell
class spirit and originality cause actual physical
damage and expense, the time has come for a
reorganization of the form of their manifesta-
tion or for a stop to be put to them entirely.
That spirit behind trail-blazing may not be
malicious. The students who smear paint about
the campus may be merely thoughtless. De-
facers of signs may consider themselves or-
iginal or witty rather than merely destructive.
Yet, regardless of the spirit behind these acts,
the fact remains that they are all exceedingly
expensive-and the money spent repairing the
damage they cause could be used better in
many other ways.
One thousand dollars-approximately the
amount of damage to University property thus
far-would provide 20 scholarships of $50 each.
Or it would provide study halls with 500 text-
books-many of which are desperately needed
-at two dollars each. Or the $1,000 could be
used by the University Hospital for research or
the establishment of more beds for charity
Yet students-regardless of these uses for $1,-
000-waste money carelessly or deliberately by
childishly damaging University property. Per-
haps a great deal-if not all-of this would be
stopped if it were realized that every short-cut
costs the University perhaps five cents, and each
smear of paint on Angell Hall pillars another
five cents. All of this is needless expense, and all
of it smacks of a low mental level on the part
of the people who cause the damage that entails
Wfiliam Newton.
"The chief hope for the future lies in the cul-
tivation of human qualities of sound dispassion-
ate thinking, calm judicial judgment, a sense of
justice, a devotion to wide loyalties, and the will
to create a better social order. It is in the
university, if anywhere that the qualities may
find the best opportunity for development." Dr.
George E. Vincent, former president of the
Rockefeller Foundation, tells University of Chi-
cagoans the future meaning of higher educa-
"The question is more symbolic of the modern
mood. We are here as inquirers; we try to find
nonInp tmanv nh nlam1. i at + nrA l. ,an

B YMorty-Q.
SOME TIME AGO. Mr. Q. disclosed
to the world at large, with no
increase in prices, his scheme for
settling international affairs with-
out war and yet not disposing of all
the color and pageantry that accom-
panies a peachy military struggle.
And, incidentally, also keeping the
money-making angle intact. In this
way, he figured that all groups would
be satisfied: the young men, be-
cause they would't have to take their
places under little white crosses with
poppies and so forth; the business
people, because they still could make
lots of money from the affair; and
the people at home who could still
have parades and meetings and
cheer the flag and all that. Mr. Q.
thought it was a wonderful scheme.
but somehow it wasn't received very
The plan, in case you do not re-
member, is simply this. Whenever
nations and their leaders get a little
restless and figure maybe their par-
ticular nation is destined for inter-
national glory, and maybe their na-
tion is the best of all possible nations
and that maybe they have the sacred
responsibility to save the rest of the
world for whatever it is they feel
worth saving, well, usually these are
the first symptoms of a cozy little
war in the immediate offing. You
know, nothing elaborate: just a nice
little affair, not too long or drawn
out, but nevertheless conclusive in
WELL, THE Q-PLAN was simply
that when these symptoms de-
velop and it consequently follows that
a war is inevitable because of na-
tional honor and humanity ad those
poor peoples who deserve the op-
portunity for a better life and so
forth, instead of getting the boys
ready to march, it was proposed they
sit down nice and quiet around a big
table and talk the whole thing over.
And then, if they still feel a war is
the only way to settle the problems,
the thing to do is, not mobilize and
start the shooting, but get the
heads of the respective countries to-
gether and organize a troupe that
would tour the world, giving a per-
formance in each nation. The nature
of the competition would have to be
decided, of course, by mutual agree-
ment because the French would want
fencingthe British would hold out
for cribbage, the Chinese would insist
on nah .ong. and so forth.
So, for instance, in the current
world mess, we would have Roosevelt,
Chamberlain, Hitler, Hirohito, Kai
Shek, Mussolini, Stalin and Daladier
as the performers. An exhibition
would be given in every country in-
volved (and in some neutrals, if the
gate was big enough). The box of-
fice attraction would be terrific;
speculation and betting would send
the world off on a prosperity spree
such as it never before experienced;
there could be parades and flag-wav-
ing and speeches and everything. Just
like a nice little war.
AND, OF COURSE, when the tour
was over and the winner decided,
his country would be awarded the
spoils and the chance to help all the
rest of the people in the world who
were on the wrong track. Well, that
was the plan. Mr. Q. thought it was
a good one. But most people thought
he was crazy and told him to get
something else. For a while, Mr. Q.
used "Remember Edison, Marconi,
Columbus, etc!" as his slogan. You

know, how people said they were
crazy too. But just herehlately, he
figured that maybe he ought to think
up something else. So now Mr. Q.
proudly announces he has another
plan, even better than the first. And
it is so simple too! You know, it is
one of those simple things that will
make you say; now why couldn't It
have thought of that?
Q-PLAN NO. 2 has to do with relief
committees and it works like this:
whenever things get real bad with
the people growing restless and their
resentment at being treated like so
much dirt gets a little too strong for
the big boys, instead of wars being
started, which don't settle any of
the problems for the 'people but
rather aggravate them, the thing to
do is to set up relief committeep in
each country. So, to use the cur-
rent example again, we organize a
committee here to help the Finns;
well, they, in turn, organize a com-
mittee to help the poor Americans.
So, in Finland, they print posters
saying: Big America needs your help!
And they keep on talking and print-
ing stories of how much we appre-
ciate them paying their war debts
and their papers tell how kind we
are to the Indians and all that; and,
in general, the Finns are all for tak-
ing care of the poor Americans.
The same thing happens in every
other country so that the English
organize committees to help the
Germans and vice versa. The

(Continued from Page 2)

Department personnel records im-
mediately. Blanks for this purpose
may be obtained in the Department of
Aeronautical Engineering Offce,.
Room B-47 East Engineering Build-I
ing. Manufacturers are already ask-A
ing for information on this year's
graduates, and it is essential that the
personnel records be available at onceA
so that they may be supplied with
accurate and complete data. Delay
in turning in these records may re-
sult in incomplete information going
;o the manufacturers.
Code Practice: All University stu-L
dents wishing to practice the Inter-o
national Morse code are invited toe
use the R.O.T.C. Signal Corps equip- t
ment in Room 301 Engineering Annex.t
The room will be open week days aftern
4 p.m.L
Summer Employment: Will the
students on the campus who are in-
terested in summer positions, please
take care of their registration thisE
week. We are asking this in order t
that we can bring their records to-s
gether and render service to them.F
If registration is put off until later, e
it entails extra work and limits our p
possibilities in being of service. 4
T. Luther Purdom, Director2
The University Bureau of Appoint-h
ments and Occupational Inforna-i
Handbooks: Handbooks for 1939-40
are available at Lane Hall. The sup-
ply is limited.
- , 9
Academic Notces
Anthropology 162 will meet in 401t
Mason Hall, T.T.S. at 9.a
Political Science 2, section 1, MWF,
8 (Dorr) will meet in Room 35 Angella
Hall beginning today.i
Political Science 2, Section 9 (MWF,
9) will meet in Room 2203 Angell
Hall beginning today.p
Political Science 52, Section 1a
(MWF, 9) will meet in Room 35v
Angell Hall beginning today. (Thisi
is a correction of the statement in3
Wednesday's D.O.B.)a
M.E. 80 (M.E. 50) will meet MF at
10 in Room 202 W. Eng. beginningI
Make-up examinations in German:A
All students entitled to take them are
requested to call at the office, 204b
U.H., on or before February 29, forC
making necessary arrangements. C
German 12: MWF Braun. Will
meet at 5 o'clock in Room 225 A.H.t
istory 38: MWF, 10, will meet in c
Room B, Haven,
History 190, MWF, 10, will meet inp
Room C, Haven.P
Far Eastern Art: Office has been
moved from Museums Building to 5
Alumni Memorial Hall.a
.A. 192 Art of China and Japan:a
Tu., Th., 9:00 meeting place to bes
F.A. 204 Ceramics,
F.A. 206 Mediaeval India,
F.A. 208 Special problems: Hoursd
and meeting places to be arranged.
Consultation hours 9-11:30; 1-3c
daily. All first meetings of classesi
will be held in Room 5, basement
Alumni Memorial Hlall.
James Marshall Plumer,
Lecturer on Far Eastern Art
A reading examination for all stu-I
dents interested in enrolling in a spe-
cial service course in remedial read-i
ing, which is to be organized shortly,
will be held at 2 o'clock on Saturday,<
February 17, in the Natural Science
Auditorium. The examination will

begin precisely at the time announcedl
and last approximately two hours.
Seniors expecting to take the New
York State Teaching Examination in
French, German, Spanish, or Italian
this minor problem; but he is work-
ing on it now.
SPEAKING of relief and Finland,
Mr. Q. mentioned some time ago
that it was criminal to send aid to
Finland, not only because such parti-
san activities threaten our peace
standing, but, more important, be-
cause there were millions within our
own boundaries who need the help
more than the Finns. And if we are
to be humanitarians, we might as
well do the job right. And 12r. Q.
generously offered to give Herbert
Hoover lists of millions of names who
could stand a little help, but Mr.
Hoover never bothered to answer. So
Mr. Q. would like to mention just a
small group of people who would like
r to get a little chunk of that bepevo-
- lence floating around here.
In Chicago, a group of newspaper-
men have been striking against a cer-


are reminded that it will be given
today at 1:15 p.m. in Room 100 R.L.
American Indian painting, south
gallery, Alumni Memorial Hall, Feb.
15-March 1, 2 to 5 p.m. Auspices of
Ann Arbor Art Association.
Art and Industry, ground floor,
Architectural Building, courtesy Col-
lege of Architecture and Design.
University Lecture: Dr. Francis G.
Benedict, former Director, Nutrition
Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution
of Washington, will lecture on "Sci-
ence and the Art of Deception" under
the auspices of the Department of In-
ternal Medicine at 4:15 p.m. on Wed-
nesday, February 21, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall. The public is cordially
University Lecture: Dr. Georg
Steindorff, Professor Emeritus of
Egyptology and former Director of
the Egyptological Collection, Univer-
sity of Leipzig, will lecture on "From
Fetishes to Gods in Egypt" (illustrat-
ed) under the auspices of the De-
partment of Oriental Languages at
4:15 p.m. on Wednesday, February
21, in the amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building. The public is cordially
Today's Events
Lecture: Professor Anton J. Carl-
son, of the University of Chicago, will
give the first lecture in the series on
The Existence and Nature of Re-
ligion" at the Rackham Lecture Hall,
tonight at 8:00. There will be no
admission charge.
Mathematics 302,.Seminar in An-
alysis, will meet today at 3 o'clock
in 3014 A.H. Topic: "General Inte-
Mathematics 349, Seminar in Ap-
plied Mathematics. Reports on orig-
inal work in engineering problems
and the mathematics involved. All
interested are invited to attend. Pre-
liminary meeting to arrange hours in
319 West Engineering Bldg. today
at 4 o'clock.
University Girls' Glee Club: The
Ensian picture will be taken today at
5:00 p.m. in the League, instead of
4:00 p.m. as previously announced.
All members are to meet in the Lobby
of the League at 4:50; this includes
both members of Freshmen Girls'
Glee Club and University Girls' Glee
Recreation Night at the Interna-
tional Center: 7:00-8:00 p.nI. A class
in bridge for advanced players and a
class for beginners in Chess. At 7:45
p.m. swimming and indoor sports at
the Intramural Building. 9:00-12:00
p.m. The usual chess, checkers, ping-
pong, bridge, and other games at the
Spanish play tryouts will be held
at 3:00 p.m. today in 312 R.L. Bldg;
also Monday and Tuesday at the
same time and place. All students of
Spanish are urged to try out.
Tryouts for the Major Hillel pro-
duction, "The Gentle People" by Irwin
Shaw, will be held at Lane Hall to-
day from 4 to 6 p.m. All students are
invited to tryout.
JGP Music Committee meeting to-
day at 4:00 p.m. in the League.
Candy Booth Committee of the
League will hold a mass meeting at
4:30 p.n. today in the League. All
undergraduate girls, including second
semester freshmen, are invited to work
on this committee.

The Westminster Student Guild will
have a sleigh ride or Open House
(according to weather) tonight at the
church at 9:00. Refreshments.
The Hillel class in Yiddish will meet
today at 4:15 p.m.
The Hillel Sabbath Services will be
held tonight at 7:15 p.m.
The Congregation Student Fellow-
ship Bible Class will meet at 7:30 to-
night in Pilgrim Hall, led by Miss
Marguerite Groomes.
Presbyterian Bible Class meeting
tonight from 7:30 to 8:30 p.m., led
by Dr. John W. Finlayson.
Wesleyan Guild: The opening party
for the new semester will be held
tonight at 9 o'clock at the Wo-
man's Athletic Building, for all Meth-
odist students and their friends.
Stalker Hall: Class in the study of
the Bible at Stalker -Iall at 7:30
tonight. The leader is Dr. C. W. Bra-
Coming Events

ihe EDITOR qT ?i otdwf-l

To the Editor:
In yesterday's Daily some chap who leaves
only the initials J.W.M. at the bottom of a scath-
ing criticism of the Student Religious Associa-
tion, accuses that organization of bringing a
speaker here who, according to the critic, is an
atheist--"having no faith or respect for the
Supernatural." Thus in an effort to understand
the problem of "The Existance and Nature of
Religion" by presenting "four differing points
of view '*(see SRA lecture program)-including
the non-believers' side-'the SRA draws this re-
buke. I think J.W.M. is unjustified in his
criticisrm and shows himself to be somewhat too
quick to anger.
One of the qualities of a so-called broad-
minded person is that he considers all sides of
any issue. Is not that exactly what the SRA
is trying to do and has done in the past (I re-
call the appearance of Lord Bertrand Russell on
last year's series)? J.W.M. states for the bene-
fit of all of us that men are to speak on this
series who are of the Catholic, Protestant, and
Jewish religions. However, when the atheist's
position is given a hearing, our mutual friend
holds up his hands in horror. Might not the
presentation of the views of the atheist beside
three other well-established religions show athe-
ism to be inferior to them and thus discourage
it more than it encourages it? I see no reason
to entirely preclude this as a possible result.
To be perfectly fair then, can J.W.M. restrain
the views of Professor Carlson? Or, in another
sense, can he accuse the SRA of encouraging
atheism any more than it is encouraging Pro-
testantism, Catholicism, or Judaism? If he can,
let me make the suggestion that he take into
his employ a censor who will shield him from
all adverse criticism of religion in order that
his cherished views mayever he kent mire and

university as in the case with the University of.
I need not tell you that truth is the founda-
tion stone of progress and civilization, and that
without truth there can be no progress and no
genuine civilization. In this connection I quote
from the Areopagitica by John Milton, written
in 1644, i.e., about 300 years ago. Have we made
no progress since then?
Wrote John Milton: "I wrote my Areopogitica
in order to deliver the press from the restraints
with which it was encumbered; that the power
of determining what was true and what was
false, what ought to be published and what
ought to be suppressed might no longer be en-
trusted to a few illiterate and illiberal individuals
who refused their sanction to any work which
contained views or sentiments at all above the
level of the vulgar superstition."
Milton also wrote: "Give me the liberty to
know, to utter, and to argue freely according to
conscience above all liberties." (Boldface mine).
Is truth un-American? As published in the
New York Times, Father Coughlin made a speech
on the radio on Feb. 11 of which the following
is a part:
"Choose ye whom we shall follow . . . the
Prince of Peace or the God of war; the spirit of
love or the Demon of hate; Christ or chaos."
This is my answer to the above:
"Choose ye whom we shall follow, Father
Coughlin the inspirer of the Christian Front and
the fomenter of civil war, or Christ, the Prince
of Peace; Father Coughlin the archdemon of
hate or the spirit of love. Choose ye 'tween
the two, all ye who want peace on earth and
good will to man."
-M. Levi, Professor-Emeritus
To The Editor:

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