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March 19, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-03-19

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Editoriai
Child Labor
Still Problem . .

VOL. L. No. 122 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 19, 194

PRICE FIVE CENTS

11

Hatch Bill Passed
By Senate 58-28;
Act Sent To House

Republicans Vote SolidF3
To Give 2-1 Majority;
Democratic PolljSpli
Party Contributions
Limited By Claus
WASHINGTON, March 18.--P)-
The new Hatch Bill, barring som
500,000 state employes from politics
was passed by the Senate today wit
an unexpected, two-to-one majorit
and sent to the House, where a highl3
uncertain future lay before it.
The vote, 58 to 28, surprised eve
the measure's principal sponsors. Th
Republican membership lined u;
solidly behind the measure, as ha
been expected, while numerous Dem-
ocrats who had voted with the oppo-
sition on various preliminary test
turned on the final roll call to the
Bill's support. Most members from
the South persisted in their opposi-
tion to the last.
Bill Extends Old Act
The Bill is an extension of the
original Hatch Act which applies to
federal workers. It would forbid
state employes, paid in whole or in
part by federal funds, to engage in
political activities. As the adminis-
trator of the proposed law, the Civil
Service Commission would investi-
gate complaints and if they were
found justified would order the dis-
missal of the offending employe. Un-
less the latter were fired, federal
funds to the amount of twice his an-
nual salary would be withheld from
the state or Iqcality involved. The em-
ploye would have the right of appeal
to the courts.
In additin, written into the Bill
by the opposition is a proviso that no
individual may make campaign con-
tributions of more than $5,000 in any
year-a clause which the, opponents
hoped would make the Bill so dis-
tasteful as to assure its ultimate
defeat. In fact, they fought the Bill
tooth and nail until that amendment
was adopted,
House Promises Opposition
In the House the Bill has opposi-
tion in important places. The mea-
sure must first go through the judi-
ciary committee, where it concededly
has many enemies.rThen, it must
go through the rules committee,
where the same situation exists. Af-
ter that, it will face a fight on the
House floor, with important elements
of the Democratic leadership in the
opposition.
Speaker Bankhead told reporters
today that he was "not in favor" of
the legislation.
"I think," he said, "that the gov-
ernment has gone far enough in the
original Hatch Bill to test the effi-
cacy of the law."
Another major amendment was
written into the bill shfly before
its passage. Proposed by Senator
Byrd (Dem.-Va.), it would forbid any
holder of a government contract to
make a contribution to a political
party upon penalty of $5,000 fine or
five years imprisonment.
Dr. D. L. Pueci
To Talk Today
Language Head To Discuss
Spanish Renaissance
"The Generation of '98, Its Origin
and Its Works" will be thersubject
of a Spanish lecture by Dr. D. L.
Pucci, head of the language depart-
ment of Wayne University, at 4:15
p.m. today in Room 103 Romance
Language Building. A short English
resume will precede the speech.
Sponsored by La Sociedad His-
panica, Dr. Pucci's talk will deal

with the men who brought about a
patriotic, intellectual, and artistic
renaissance in Spain after the Span-1
ish-American War. At that time
there was a group of young intellec-
tuals who advocated the rebuilding
of their country through education
and the abandonment of outmoded
ideas.
International Relations
Cinhj T MPat ITnLntmane

Gargoyle Sans
Beauty Contest
On SaleFriday
Reacting somewhat in a "bloody
but unbowed" manner, the March
issue of the Gargoyle will appear on
campus Friday, minus its quashed
"popular front" beauty contest.
Vetoed by University action, the
contest was to elect not one, but nine
beauty queens plusa super queen,
the whole group to be known as the
Coalition of Beauty, or the Beauty
Cabinet. The democratic angle had
been emphasized, no specific nomi-
nees being acknowledged, voting to
be by the proportional representa-
tion system.
The Gargoyle, Ellis Wunsch, editor,
said, would make a rigorous attempt
to avoid any reference to a beauty
contest.
To replace the magazine's feature
spot, Wunsch said that there would
be a photographic article investigat-
ing the "Unheralded Talents of the
Michigan Campus." The article
would prove that the Garg does have
a conscience, he said.
Bamlet F. Kent
Killed In Crash
Two Other Students Get
Minor Cuts, Bruises j
Fatally injured in an automobilei
crash on Ecorse Road between Ink-
ster and Middle Belt roads Sunday,
afternoon, Bamlet F. Kent, '40L, ofc
Highland Park, died at 5:50 p.m.1
Sunday in Eloise hospital of a frac-
tured skull.
With Kent at the time of the acci-
dent were David B. Dolese, '43M, of1
Detroit, and Don W. Mayfield, '40L,t
of Flint. Dolese and Mayfield suf-
fered minor cuts and bruises andl
were released from Eloise hospital
following treatment.f
Arthur Cheeseborough, of Inkster,
the driver of the other car involved,I
was also treated at Eloise hospitalt
for minor injuries. According toI
Wayne County sheriff's officers,1
Cheeseborough was driving on thet
wrong side of the pavement, swervedI
back to his own side at the same timei
that the students' car turned out to
avoid a collision. The cars met headl
on. Dolese was driving the car inC
which Kent was riding.f

12 Campus
Groups Plan
Peace ally
Demonstration Designed
To Permit Expression
Of Anti-War Sympathy
Organization Heads
Plan Meet In April
Twelve campus organizations-_
representing every phase of student
life-will call upon Michigan stu
dents this Spriag for support in a
peace demonstration, designed to
give "concrete expression" to cam-
pus anti-war sympathv.
Announcement of plans for the
demonstration, for which the date
has not yet been set, was made last
night following a meeting of repre-
sentatives from leading campus or-
ganizations.
The official Peace Council state-
ment follows:I
Peace Council Statement
"As it was 23 years ago, the United
States is threatened today with in-
volvement in Europe's war. We, rep-
resentatives of broad student organ-
izations, realizing the waste and fu-
tility of such war and recognizing
the danger to our peace, call upon
each Michigan student to oin with
the Campus Peace Council in making
articulate his desire for peace for
America.
"To this end the Council will spon-
sor, some time in April, a demon-
stration to give effective, concrete
expressiondtothe campus'desire for
peace, and invites popular support
of the following program to keep
the United States out of war:
"We stand unalterably opposed to
entry of the United States into war.
We support no nation at war. In the
interests of strict neutrality we op-
pose the following moves:
Specific Program
"1. Sending American troops to
foreign soil.
"2. American war loans to bellig-
erent countries.
"3. Militarization of NYA or CCC.
"4. Mobilization Day preparation
or curtailment of civil liberties.
"5. War profiteering, and arms ex-
pansion beyond. defensive needs.
"We recognize the part which the
U. S. must play as one of the family
of nations in building a permanent
peace, but we believe that keeping
the United States from War is the
greatest contribution the American
people can make."
The statement was signed by the
following representatives:
Carl Petersen, Daily (chairman);
Phillip Westbrook, Congress (se-cre-
tary); Donald Treadwell, Union:
Dorothy Shipman, League; Thomas
Adams, Interfraternity Council; Bar-
bara Basset, Panhellenic Association;
Mary Frances Reek, Assembly; Har-
riet Sharkey, W. A. A.; Robert Kahn.
A. S. U.; Ted Spangler, Athletics;
Karl Olson, Michigan Anti-War
Committee; Vivian Sieman, League
for Liberal Action.

And Axis Extension

Allies Look
Chamberlain And Daladier Axis
To 'Clean House' In New
Vigorous War Strategy
Premier May Pick
New Cabinet Today
LONDON, March 18.-)-A calm
defense of his national government
against rebellious criticism in the
House of Commons was prepared to-
night by Prime Minister Chamberlain
as Britain sought some diplomatic
counter-stroke to the Rome-Berlin
axis conference at Brenner Pass.
Informed circles expressed belief
that three ministers were tabbed for
discard by Chamberlain-Air Min-
ister Sir Kingsley Wood, Supply Min-
ister Leslie Burgin and Lord Hankey,
Minister without Portfolio. They
speculated that three others were
slated for new jobs-Anthony Eden, .
the present Dominions Minister, Ma-
jor Clement Attlee and Sir Archibald BENITO
Sinclair, the Labor and Liberal lead-
ers.
On The Paris Front;
New Cabinet Planned Balk
PARIS, March 18.-)-Premier
Daladier spent a busy day on the for- History Inst
mation of a "Push The War" Cabinet
today while Western Front reports Visit T
told of brisk localized activity and
the Italian-German conference em- By HOWAR]
phasized rumors of an imminent With events
"Peace Offensive." more and moret
Tomorrow's Chamber of Deputies rope lies in the
debate on conduct of the war and Adolf Hitler an
policy on the Finnish-Russian con- both with their
flict was another precipitative factor. states, the geogr
Daladier planned to be in the Cham- Hungary makes
ber toaay and if he has not an- key-stone to E
nounced a new Cabinet by then he John W. Stanto
hopes at least to stifle some opposi- partment declare
tion by the fact that he is working In this conn
on Cabinet revision, French sources pointed to the
indicated. dence" that the
ence between H
r should be follo'
the visit of Hun
Sprng Pre
ister Count Tele
Theme Passed Germany of c
linterested in1
plained, if only
By ommittee angle. She wan
costs an Allied d
flank, he comme
Democracy And Student the Reich alread;
,possibility of a
Is Proposed As Basis from he north,
In Treadwell's Report bar.Stantono
f t I rportant oil depo
At a meeting of the general Spring carrying on a
Parley Committee Sunday, a pro- cagricutua an
posal by Don I'readwell, '40, for agriculturallan
theme and outline for the Parley, are other factor
April 19, 20 and 21, was agreed upon region to Germa
and will be presented to the Student terestd tha
Senate at its next meeting for any tery proxin
minor revisions they may deem nec- pthe very po It
essary, Daniel Huyett, '42, said yes- many) becauseu
terday.
Democracy and the student will agricultural imp
be the theme although the exact ti- gion. Any attem
tle of the Parley has not yet been Ge
determined, he said. The program
calls for an opening session to define ° T
the theme, and to present faculty 1U° V(
and student speakers to discuss the
various implementations of democ- O f An
racy.
The second day of the Parley will
see three panels held, one on democ- By HERV.
racy in the world and how students Painting a pict
express opinions outside the campus; teeming with vig
the second so social democracy in ,
the University, the third panel on physical energy,
meyer declared y
Democracy in University activities. ture on "Voicesc

The third and last day of the Par- that this regionr
ley, the proposal says, shall be de- tural center of Ax
voted to a summing up of any con- "The physical
ciusions reached in the panels, and observed. "It i
-this is tentative, Huyett said-a
plan to present the final conclusions culture.perhaps
as a referendum to the campus at follow.ethasente
large in an election which may coin- become the ente
cide with the Student Senate semi- ity in arch u
annual election, in order to deter- Mr. Untermey
mine if the student body by and the Rackham An
large concur in the results of the third of his ser
Parley. "Frontiers of Am
was his last lect
subsequent talks
Saturday Set As Deadline itecture, art and:
For 'Forum' Contributions "The Middle V
known a kind of
nadine fo rth Anril is eo territory, but int

For

Counter-Stroke

Reich Claims Italian Military Aid

To Moscow;

C

Leaders Confer

At Brennero

MUSSOLINI

ADOLF HITLER

r Holds Key To Present
an Situation, Stanton Says
ructor Notes Relationship Of Count Teleki
0 Hitler-Mussolini 'Secret' Conference

D A. GOLDMAN
abroad indicating
that the fate of Eu-
hands of Dictators
d Benito Mussolini,
eyes on the Balkan
raphical situation of
that country the
astern Europe, Dr.
n of the history de-
ed yesterday.
ection, Dr. Stanton
significant "coinci-
unexpected confer-
:itler and Mussolii
wed immediately by
garian Foreign Min-
ki to Rome.
ourse is tremendous-
the Balkans, he ex-
from the military
ts to prevent at all
rive on her southern
,nted. (He noted that
y has eliminated the
n Allied campaign
using Finland as a
bserved that the im-
zits (so necessary in
war) and the rich
ds in the Balkans
s which endear this
ny.
t Italy too has in-
Balkans, because of
nity of the Balkan
aly, and (like Ger-
of the mineral and
ortance of the re-
pt at penetration by
,idwoul be onsd-

ered by Italy a definite threat to
her interests.
A glance at the map, Dr. Stanton
observed, will show that Hungary
stands directly athwart the German
path to the Balkans. Both Germany
and Italy have flirted diplomatically
with Budapest, he added, seeking to
control its foreign policy to their own
advantage. Yesterday's Hitler-Mus-
solini conference plus the impending
talks between Teleki and Italian For-
eign Minister Count Ciano, he re-
marked, will doubtless have pro-
found effect on the so-called Balkan
situation, and more particularly, on
Hungary.
Eggertson To Talk
To Teachers Club
As adviser to the newly-organized
Future Teachers of America Dr.
Claude Eggertson of the School of
Education will speak to the club on
its affiliation with the National Edu-
cation Association at its meeting at
4 p.m. today in the Graduate Library
in the University Elementary School.
Designed to offer undergraduates
opportunities to become better ac-
quainted with their professions and
to meet outstanding leaders, the club
is open to all students taking work
in education. As junior member of
the NEA, the club will participate
in the activities of its national or-
ganization, James C. Aldrich, '40Ed.,
said.

Russia Expected To Enter
As Partner; Will Serve
As Raw Material Base
Balkan 'Safety Ring'
Is Aim Of Dictators
By LOUIS P. LOCHNER
BERLIN, March 18.--(A)-Adolf
Hitler and Benito Mussolini held a
sudden, momentous conference in a
railway car on their common fron-
tier at the Brenner Pass today from
which Germany emerged with these,
certain expectations:
1. That Italy is ready to join the
European war actively on Germany's
side if and when needed, and
2. That the Rome-Berlin axis would
be extended to Moscow. soon, per-
haps before the week is over.
German-Italian aims for remold-
ing Europe will be endorsed by Mos-
cow, excellently-informed sources
said, as a third partner. Germany
does not expect, however, that Rus-
sia will become a belligerent. Rather,
she is looked upon as a great store-
house of raw materials.
Rome Avoids Comment
(In Rome, where the only official
comment on the conference was that
it was "cordial," neutral observers
believed that Hitler enlisted Italy's
aid to seal a "safety ring" around
Germany, perhaps by neutralizing the
Balkans against a British-French war
offensive by making a series of pacts
with the small southeastern coun-
tries. Well informed Rome sources
said that neither Rome nor Moscow
had made a move thus far toward a
rapprochement, but they admitted
that Germany might enter into nego-
tiations with Russia for a three-cor-
ner arrangement.)
As details of the spectacular meet-
ing trickled through to Berlin, it ap-
peared that the two statesmen agreed
that Italy would join the war on Ger-
many's side if it should become de-
sirable for her to abandon her pres-
ent status in which she is "not neu-
tral and yet not waging war."
The two statesmen were understood
to have agreed that an Italian-Rust.
sian rapprochement must come next,
with a careful delineation of spheres
of influence in the Balkans to follow.
Molotov, Von Ribbentrop To Talk
Berlin was filled with rumors that
Foreign Minister Joachim von Rib-
bentrop would confer with Russian
Premier-Foreign Commissar Vyach-
eslaff Molotoff immediately upon his
return from Brennero. He and Itali-'
an Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo
Ciano sat in the conference with their
chiefs.
Hitler and Mussolini appear to have
worked on plans for a complete reor-
ganization of Europe, it was said here.
That Russia is to be a partner to such
remolding was taken as apparent
from the following commentary on
the Brennero conference released with
obvious governmental approval by
Dienst Aus Deutschland:
"In no way is German-Italian co-
operation limited to partial solutions
and to warding off English attempts
at befuddling the issues. It is evi-
dently to serve as a focus for a more
far-reaching combination through
which the European order is to be
placed on new national and social
foundations.
Engineers To Hear
Soronberg Today
"Prefabricated Houses" will be dis-
cussed in the Sigma Rho Tau, hon-
orary engineering society, meeting
at 7:30 p.m. today when Prof. Russell
A. Soronberg of the Detroit Institute
of Technology addresses the club in

Raconteurs in the society will start
their story-telling contest tonight.
"Engineers don't lie," commented
Prof. Robert D. Brackett of the En-
gineering speech department, "but
some of the best story tellers in the
country are in the engineering pro-
fession," he challenged.
Tielratg Will Cn On Salt-

Verdi's Requiem' To Be Played
Today At First Methodist Church

d, wouldbe cons- sad
est May Become Center
nerican Culture, Poet Says

IE HAUFLER
ure of a Middle West
or, "a powerhouse of
"poet Louis Unter-
yesterday in his lec-
of the Middle West"
may become the cul-
merica.
power is here," he
s inevitable that a
the culture-may
for instance, already
r of pioneering activ-
are."
er's lecture, given in
mphitheatre, was the
ies of six talks on
erican Culture" and
ure on literature. In
he will turn to arch-
music.
West," he said, "has
pioneering not into
o temperament, into

meyer explained, to announce the
challenging of the genteel tradition.
He heralded the first steps toward the
region's maturity by castinpg aside the
traditional "metrical lollypops" and
accepting his locality for what it was
-its meanness and ugliness as well
as its beauty.
There was in Masters' work, how-
ever, a morbid strain, an overempha-
sis on the sordid, Mr. Untermeyer
said. Carl Sandburg, on the other
hand, saw the crudity and buffoonery
but took pride in it. He expressed
for the first time a pride in the
American language. "No man," Mr.
Untermeyer said, "has used slang with
such power."
The contribution of Vachel Lind-
say, he added, was that he revived
the idea of poetry for the masses. His
work was an actual collaboration be-
tween himself and his audience. He
read his poems to his friends and in-
connati air CT7. P.t.l1C cn tha4

ELWYN CARTER
* * * *

HELEN VAN LOON

The presentation of Verdi's Mann-
zoni Requiem at 8:15 p.m. today in
the First Methodist Church will rep-
resent the combined efforts of a
chorus of 50 voices, four New York
soloists, and an organist, according
to Fritz Liechty, '40BAd., chairman
of the publicity committee for the
concert. The public is invited to
attend.

ough training . . ." will fly by plane
from Linsborg, Kan., where she is
appearing' as guest soloist at the
Bach Music Festival during Holy
Week, to fulfill her engagement here.
Mr. Carter has held the position
of soloist at the First Presbyterian
Church in New York City for a num-
ber of years. Among his oratorie
nerformances are isteri annarances

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