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March 08, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-03-08

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Weather
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change in temperature.

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Editorial
'America's Ireland'
And Freedom .. .

VOL. L. No. 113

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1940

PRICE FIVE CEr

U _____________________________________

House Is Given
17-Point Plan
For Revision
Of Labor Act
Majority Claims Changes
Do Not Constitute Threat
To Collective Bargaining
Minority Believes
Proposal Perilous
WASHINGTON March 7.-(P)-A
17-point plan to replace the National
Labor Relations Board with a new
agency and to make other major
changes in the Wagner Act setup
was laid before an election-year Con-
gress today by a special House Com-
mittee which investigated the board.
Representative Smith, (Dem.-Va.),
Halleck (Rep.-Ind.) and Routzohn
(Rep.-O'), a majority of the com-
mittee, contended that the program
would remove causes of the long and
bitter controversy over the board and
the act, but said the fundamental
right of workers to bargain ollective-
ly woult1 remain untouched.
- See Threat
Representatives Healey (Dem.-
Mass) and Murdock (Dem.-Utah),
the other two committeemen, heated-
ly dissented, arguing that the pro-
posals "threatened the principles,
purposes and objectives of the act."
This basic division within the com-
mittee, symbolic of the split in Con-
gress, immediately raised the ques-
tion whether both the House and Sen-
ate would act on amendments before
they adjourn and go to political con-
ventions in June and July.
Administration leaders kept their
counsel while critics of the board and
law saw only a slim chance that both
chambers would act before adjourn-
ment. There was no immediate com-
ment on the program, from the Labor
Board, the AFL or CIO.
To fiscuss Procedure
Chairman Norton (Dem.-N.J.) of
the House Labor Committee, to which
Smith's amen dents erwre red,
predicted that they would not pass
in the House but called a committee
meeting for next week to discuss pro-
cedure.
Th'e proposals of the committee
majority would authorize President
Roosevelt to name a new board of
three members. He might, if he
chose, reappoint the present mem-
bers, Chairman J. Warren Madden
and Edwin S. Smith and William
Leiserson.
But the majority would permit the
new agency to sit only as a judicial
body, placing administration of the
law and prosecution of violations in
the hands of a new officer, the ad-
ministratr, who would have no or-
ganizational connection with the
board. This proposal recalled com-
plaints that the board had been act-
ing as "judge, prosecutor and jury."
Youth Article
To 3Be 'Feature
Of ,Challenge'
"The Challenge," monthly maga-
zine edited and published by the
American Student Union, will. go on
sale today and tomorrow, according
to June Harris, '40, chairman of the

publications comimission.
An article on youth organizations
for peace centering around the ASU
and AYC conventions, by Elliottt
Maraniss, '40, editorial director of
The Daily, and an essay by Robert
Speckhard, '42, on "The CIO Legis-
lative Program," will be featured in
today's issue, Miss Harris said.
John Ciardi,' winner of a major
Hopwoodaward in the poetry divi-
sion last year and author of the re-
cently published book, "Homeward
To America," by Henry Holt and Co.,
John Brinnin, '41, poetry Hopwood
winner in 1938 and 1939 and Miss
Harris, have contributed poems.
An essay by Robert Pincus, '40E,
on "The American Press, or a Study
in Humor," a review of the movie,
"Grapes of Wrath," and a book re-
view, "Dividends To Pay," which is
a study of corporate incomes, by
Harold Osterwell, '40, are also listed
in the contents.
Copies of "The Challenge" will be
sold at the ASU meeting today on
"The Tuition Raise," and at various

Three Teams To Begin

Dorm Adopts
Revised Plan

Title Quests

Tonightj

Negotiations For Peac
In Finns' War Reporte

Trackmen, Wrestlers To Meet In Chicago;
Swimmers Compete In Columbus

Three Michigan teams are
away from home today, and to-
night will begin their quests for
Western Conference Champion-
ships.rChicago will play host to
the track and wrestling squads,
while the swimmers congregate
in Columbus, Ohio.
Matt Mann's star-studded col-
lection of swimmers will be out
forMichigan's eleventh title since
1927, and are prohibitive favorites
to succeed. Ken Doherty's track-
men, seeking a seventh succes-
sive indoor championship, will
face a serious bid from Indiana's
three-man team. The wrestlers,
second last year, are expected to
finish second to Indiana's de-
fending Big Ten title-holders.
(Special To The Daily)
COLUMBUS, March 7.--There was
a marked "Beat Michigan" atmos-
phere around the Ohio Natatorium
today as Matt Mann and his impreg-
nable Wolverines arrived from Ann
Arbor, worked out for awhile in the
tank and then departed for their
hotel to await the opening of the
Western Conference championships
here tomorrow.
Never before in the long and color-
ful history of the meet has one team
been so overwhelmingly favored. It
is generally recognized here that the
defending champions have the power
-enough, in fact, to win all except
perhaps two of the nine scheduled
events.
Wolverines Against Field
From the preliminaries tomorrow
to the finals Saturday night, it will
be Michigan against the field as the
Wolverines seek their eleventh Big
Ten title since 1927.
Last year Matt Mann's charges
rolled up 73 points for a new high-
scoring record, but even that mark
seems likely to be toppled after the
Wolverines get through this week-
end. As far as the other teams are
concerned, Ohio State is highly fav-
ored to place secondwhile the rest
atle it out iar below.
Ohio's Bright Spots
With their two crack co-captains,
Al Patnik and Johnny Higgins, the
Buckeyes will probably garner first
places in the diving and 200-yard
breastroke, but after that it's all the
Wolverines, whose freestyle, back-
stroke and relay power seems unbeat-
able.
The 50-yard freestyle sprint will
find Charley Barker, Bill Beebe, the
backstroker, Bill Holmes and John
Gillis competing for the Wolverines
against Dick Fahrback and Lynn
Slide Rule Ball Ticket
Sales Will Begin Today
Ticket sales for the Slide Rule
Ball, annual engineering college
dance, will go on sale at 1:30 p.m.
today in the lobby of the East E-
gineering Building, J. Anderson Ash-
burn, '40E, general chairman, an-
nounced yesterday.
Ticket sales, Ashburn announced,
will be limited to holders of engin-
eering identification cards. The tic-
kets will sell at $3.75.

1

COACH MATT MANN
... seeks third in row
Surles of Northwestern, Iowa's Don
Wenstrom and Buckeye Don Rein-
icker.
Barker, defeated by his teammate
Gus Sharemet in the century last
week, gets another crack at the sen-
sational sophomore in the feature
race of the meet. These tw6 will be
the class of the field in this 100-
yard dash, with Gillis, Holmes, Surles
(Continued on Page 3)
,ishapur's Art
Explained Here
By.Dr. Dima .
Dr. M. S. Dimand, Curator of Near
Eastern Art at New York's Metro-
politan Museum, yesterday. outlined
the medieval artistic civilization of
"Nishapur in East Persia, a g'reat
cultural center whose influence and
products penetrated throughout the
Near East."
The talk, an illustrated University
lecture sponsored by the Institute of
┬░ine Arts, was delivered in the am-
phitheatre of the Rackham Building.
First explaining the problems and
accomplishments of the four Metro-
politan Museum excavating cam-
paigns he led to Nishapur, Dr. Di-
mand then presented a brief history
of Nishapur and its vicinity: its orig-
inal settlements; its capture in 651
A.D. at which time it became the
seat of government in the region and.
rapidly grew in importance; its po-.
sition in 1037 A.D. as one of the
great cities of the Mohammedan
world and the fame Nishapur en-
joyed as a cultural center noted for
its colleges and libraries.
Picturingfor the audience the
physical structure of the city with
its "city proper, its citadel, and its
suburbs," Dr. Dimand related the
account of the burning of the city
in 1153 A.D., its capture and sack
by Genghis Khan in 1221 A.D.; the
earthquake in 1208 A.D. that ruined
(Continued on Page 2)

Of Orientation
Jordan Hall Will Choose
20 Outstanding Women
As Student Assistants
Groups To Promote
LeadershipTraining'
Upperclass student assistants will
be inaugurated next year in Jordan
Hall, dormitory for freshman women,
Prof. Karl Litzenberg announced yes-
terday for the Board of Governors of
Residence Halls.
Twenty outstanding women who
qualify by their interest in advisory
work, character, personality, scholar-
ship, and house citizenship will be
chosen from all the women on cam-
pus. All present sophomore and
junior women may petition for the
positions.
Aid Orientation
I Each student assistant will live in
Jordan Hall and will be responsible
for a group of eight or ten women
on her corridor. As a group the assist-
ants will work closely with the staff
on personnel problems, committees'
and in the formation and operation of
student government. Their aid, both
direct and indirect, is designed to be
of value in easing freshman adjust-
ment and orientating the group to
campus life.
To those who are chosen to act in
this capacity will be given the choice
of rooms and a small reduction in
room cost. Following Spring Vaca-
tion a training course for a five-week
period will be given.
For Personnel Training
The program is arranged to pro-
vide experience in leadership and
personnel training for those who are
chosen. In' other colleges and uni-
versities where it in operation, stu-
dents planning eers in guidance
and all types personnel have
sought these pos for the training
experience and esponsibility they
provide.
, During tis pastweek the plan has
been submitted for consideration to
all women living in dormitories and
to the Panhellenic Association. Al-
ready many worpen have indicated
their interest in the plan.-.
Any girl, now a student in the Uni-
versity, who wishes to be considered
for the project is requested to give
her name to either Miss Esther Col-
ton, ,House Director, or Miss Hope
Hartwig, Resident Counselor at Jor-
dan Hall before Wednesday, March
13.
Senate Hears
Parley Plans
Conservative Participation
Will BeEncouraged
Spring Parley plans were discussed
at the meeting of the Student Senate
last night with the announcement
that there would be a meeting of
the faculty and student continua-
tions committee at 4:30 pm. Sunday
in the League.
Resolutions passed included sever-
al dealing with the current Senate
investigation of the cleaning and
dyeing businesses in Ann Arbor and
with a suggested orientation program
for freshmen.
Senator Richard Steudel, '41, pre-
sented the following resolution of
the cleaning and dyeing investiga-
tion committee. "Two facts have been
found to be true and existent in re-
lation to the cleaning and dyeing
business in Ann Arbor. 1. Establish-
ed Ann Arbor firms are at the time
of the presentation of this report,

charging one dollar for cleaning and
pressing one suit with corresponding
prices for other garments. 2. There
are in existence in Ann Arbor, two
firms, namely, Canton-Degener and
the Student Cleaning Agency, which
are charging 75 cents for cleaning
and pressing one suit. It is further
resolved that, in view of these facts,
the investigation be continued."'
Four recommendations were sug-
gested by Senator Robert Reed, '42,
for the furtherance of Parleys, in his
rest on the Winter Peace Parley.
"There must be more appeal to con-
servative students, because the lib-
erals always turn out anyway. Small
committees must be maintained and
should be few in number. Influen-
tial faculty, preferably conservative,
must be invited to participate and

Six-Day Zigzag Trip Brings
World's Largest Liner
Safely Into New York
British Vessel Seen
As Threat To Nazis
NEW YORK, March 7-()P)--Capt.
J. C. Townley brought the new 85,-
000-ton British liner Queen Eliza-
beth into the safety of New York
Harbor tonight after a 6-day zigzag
transatlantic voyage which he de-
clared was "just like 'a lovely cruise."
"Our average speed," he added;
"was 24% knots over a zigzar course
most of the way. The ship left with-
out a trial, which is the greatest
achievement-to leave on trial and
find yourself in New York."
Nazi Air Target'
Might Strike Back
(By The Associated Press)
The fact that European nations,
neutral and belligerent alike, fear
increased horrors of war in the
spring is brought out in part by the
arrival of the Queen Elizabeth in
New York.
The certainty that the 85,000-ton
British Sea Queen would be a major
target for German bombers, if a
Nazi air blitzkrieg were unleashed
against Britain, was reason enough
for risking the liner in its mad dash
across the Atlantic.'
Yet safeguarding the vessel from
German air attack might not be the
only British purpose. With the
Queen Elizabeth and her Dowager
colleague, the Queen Mary, secure
in American waters, Britain -ias
twin sea-power units available on
this side of the Atlantic for more
spectacular use if she desires -to put
them to it.
Nine Students Inducted
Into Sigma Delta Chi
Nine students last night were ini-
tiated into Sigma Delta Chi, na-
tional professional journalism fra-
ternity.
Those initiated, all juniors in the
Literary College, are: Laurence Mas-
cott; Hervie Haufler; Leonard Sch-
leider; William Elmer; William New-
ton; Richard Harmel; Milton Or-
shefsky; Alvin Sarasohn and Howard
Goldman.
Theinitiation banquet, held at the
Union, featured talks by Lee A
White, director of public relations
of the Detroit News, and Ralph Pe-
ters, rotogravure editor of the De-
troit News.

Vera Brittain.
Will Describe
World War II

"War Time England," will be dis-
cussed by Miss Vera Brittain, English
author and journalist, at 8 p.m. to-
day in the Rackhari lecture hall
under the auspices of the Ann Arbor-
Ypsilanti branch of the American
Association of University Women.
In her lecture, Miss Brittain will
give a descriptive and anecdotal talk
of what is going on in England, in
the homes and industrial centers as
well as in Downing Street. She will
describe the effects that the World
War II is creating in England as she
told of the sufferings caused by
World War I in her book, "Testa-
ment of Youth."
A journalist for more than 18
years, Miss Brittain made frequent
visits to Geneva during 1922-25 to
attend meetings of the League of
Nations Assembly and Council as a
press representative. In 1924 she
made a tour of the Saar Valley, the
Ruhr, Rhineland, Cologne, Berlin,
Prague, Vienna and Budapest to
gather material for a series 'of arti-
cles and lectures.
Miss Brittain's latest published
work is, "Testament of Friendship,"
printed in 1940. Some of her other
books she has written are, "Honour-
able Estate," "Women's Work in
Modern England," and "The Dark
Tide."
Tickets for the lecture may be pur-
chased at Wahr's, Slater's and Fol-
lett's bookstores, at the door or from
any member of the committee, Mrs.
Leslie Rittershofer, chairman of the
ticket committee said.

(Elizabeth' Reaches

U.

Copenhagen Claims Sovie
Have Given Ultimatut
For Peace With Fin
Moscow Discounts
Peace Possibilit
COPENHAGEN, March 7-4P)
Closely-guarded negotiations towa
an armistice and possible settlemxea
of the Russian-Finnish war are de
initely underway and Stockholm
the center of discussions, it w
learned reliably tonight.
The Soviet government's cond
tional demands for peace, in t
form of an ultimatum calling f
acceptance by midnight tomorro'
have been submitted to the Finnia
government which thus far has n
given any indication of its attitud
informants stated,
Discounted By Moscow
(Informed Moscow observers di
counted the possibility of success f
any peace moves at this time.).
Although Copenhagen morni
papers carried the peace reports u
der huge headlines, their stories co
tained little information, for ti
Swedish censorship snapped eve:
'phone call as soon as the report
negotiations were mentioned. Oabl
also were stopped. One Copenhag
paper, the Berlingske Tidende, quo
ed an unconfirmed rumor to the e
feet that the Western Allies had d
manded that Sweden give them t
right to march troops through
Finland under terms of the Leagi
of Nations agreement to aid the i
vaded country.
Surrender Karelia
The latest Russian demands we:
reported to include the surrender
the Karelian Isthmus, Viipuri, ca
ital of Karela and Finland's th
city; Lake Ladoga; Hanko, nay
port in Southeastern Finland; ti
Hanko Peninsula and part of tI
far northern Petsamo region.
These demands are far more i
clusive than those presented by Ru
sia in Kremlin negotiations wh
broke down and preceded the Sovi
army's invasion of Finland on NC
30.
Pucksters Win1
Over Illinoi
Goldsmith And Ross ScO,
In 24_Victory
(Special To The Daily)
CHAMPAIGN, IL, March 7.
Michigan's Wolverines again prov
to be too much for the Illini tonig
as Coach Lowrey's puckmen register
a 2 to 0 victory over the Orange a
Blue. Michigan scored in the seco
and third periods of Phe closely foug
battle.
Paul Goldsmith chalked up the fit
goal for the Wolverines in 12:56
the second period, with Bert Stodd
getting the assist. The play was to
with Stodden sweeping in from t
ice to slam a shot at the net. Goa
Jack Gillan of the Illini made a su
cessful save but was left prostr
before the net. Goldsmith pick
up the puck and winged it past win
man McKibbin, who had taken ov
the net for Gillan, for the tally.
Michigan's last score came in 18:
of the final period. After an Illin
power play, which went astray, Ch
ley Ross picked up the loose puck a
(Continued on Page 3)
Rabbi Mann To Gv
Final Religious Tal
Concluding the current Stude

Religious Association Lecture seri
Rabbi Louis Mann of Chicago's I
nai Temple, will deliver the Jewi
viewpoint on "The Existence and N9
ture of Religion" at 8 p.m. tomorr,
in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
Rabbi Mann, who has been obtai
ed to fill the vacancy left wh
Rabbi Wise of New York was c
dered by his doctor to take an imm
diate vacation because of a thro
infection, will give the last talk
the group which has included ati

A View On Isolation:
Prof. James Sees Regionalism
As Step Backward In World Trade

For A Bigger Navy:
Major Eliot Says Strong Navy
Should KeepU.S. Out Of War

Major George Fielding Eliot, writ-
er on military affairs added his voice
to the "keep America out of war"
chorus in an Oratorical Series Lec--
ture last night-by suggesting that
the United States strengthen its na-
val forces to the utmost.
.Major Eliot, author of books and
magazine end newspaper articles'
about Europe's war, said that "we
can't stand the stresses and strains
of a foreign war and hope to solve
our own economic problems."
The sea, he remarked, is still the
cheapest method of transportation,
and "we must remain a sea power
to keep our place in the world."
Position Is Favorable
Our geographical position, Major,
Eliot explained, enables us to con-
trol sea communications, "All we
need is a strong navy, an adequate
air force and a well-trained, well-
equipped army," he went on.
Major Eliot, now an officer in the
U.S. Army's Intelligence Reserve, as-

By JAY McCORMICK
Recent. proposals for North and
South American isolation from the
rest of the world would, if put into
effect, represent a step backward in
modern urban civilization, Prof. Pres--
ton E. James, South American expert
in the geography department, said
yesterday.
Partitioning of the world into na-
tional or even regional areas would
destroy all the benefits of modern
concentration of population in large
cities, Professor James pointed out,
for these cities depend upon a wide
base of supplies for their very ex-
istence.
A further reason why isolation of
the Western Hemisphere is not feas-
ible is that certain strategic raw
materials which are not produced
in this country, also cannot be eco-
nomically produced in South Ameri-
ca, the geographer added. In a speech
given before the Association of Ameri-
can Geographers recently, Prof. Rob-
ert B. Hall, also of the geography de-
partment, mentioned 18 strategic raw
materials needed here, but which can-
not be produced in North America.
All of these could physically be pro-
duced in South America, Professor

by British Malaya and Dutch Suma-
tra, and the Cinchona plantations
being concentrated in Java, Profes-
sor James explained.
Concerning the Ford rubber plan-
tations in the Amazon basin, Profes-
sor James said, "The Ford planta-
tions are largely experimental." Prac-
tically all the available labor in the
basin is absorbed by the plantations,
he declared, but even at capacity out-
put, not more than one per cent of
the total world output of rubber could
be produced there.
Ford might obtain enough rubber
for his own, factories from these
sources, though at a higher cost, but
any expansion beyond the present set
up there is impossible. Importation
of labor from foreign countries is
blocked by a strict Brazilian immigra-
tion quota.
On Ford Plantations
There are now 12,000 workers on
the Ford plantations, which is, Pro-
fessor James said, the total supply of
able-bodied men in the region. The
experiment has proved that white
people can live in the tropics if they
are careful about their diet, he added,
but the problem is not one of wheth-
er or not white labor could live there,
for Brazil does not want an influx of'

MAJOR ELIOTr
...wants sea power

future, construction of a second ca-

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