THE MICHIGAN D-
By YOUNG GULLIVER
Eu m~crcgrn Ar , crl s a i v ,... .- - . .
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NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
he Honors Program....
LAST FALL the University of Mich-
igan took a significant step in pro-
gressive education when it inaugurated a pro-
gram for Honors in Liberal Arts (tutorial sys-
tem) for a trial period of five years before
adopting it is a permanent part of the educa-
tional opportunities. The honors program was
instituted to emphasize individual rather than
group study, encouraging the student to fully
develop his potential capacities under the guid-
ing stimulus of a faculty tutor.
The program now accommodates between
twenty-five and thirty students and is divided
into five seminars each under the guidance of a'
faculty tutor. "Democracy," "Industrialization
of New England," "Literature in an Age of Intel-
lectual Crisis," "Development of the Scientific
Attitude," and "England in the 18th Century,"
are the subjects of the seminars. They are the
embryo for a truly progressive trend in the sci-
ence of education. From the tutorial system
may be developed students of sincere academic
interest, capable of independent, penetrating
learning and research. If this is to be realized,
the activities of the seminars must be carefully
watched, for their success or failure will largely
determine the future policy of an honors system
at Michigan. It is highly desirable before next
year's plans are laid that the operation of the
present system be examined and evaluated by
the students and faculty participating.
IN THIS spirit of sincere interest the following
questions are submitted as a minimum basis
for considering the present tutorial system.
1. Have the seminars stimulated great intel-
lectual curiosity and initiative in the
2. Have the students developed tools with
which to carry on penetrating research
3. Have the tutors been intensely interested
in the subject and in the students whose
academic careers they are stimulating,
4. Are the students in particular seminars
acquiring more than asuperficial know-
ledge of the subject?
5. Has the work been pursued in a sincere
academic attitude rather than that of
merely gaining grades?
Now is a crucial time in the progress of the
tutorial system. Honest and candid answers
to these questions are invaluable in determining
the-practice and policy to be followed.
- Robert Speckhard
SEVERAL interesting publications have come
to Gulliver's attention. The first one is the
News Service of the American Committee For
Democracy And Intellectual Freedom. Aha, an-
other committee-that's what Gulliver said too.
This committee, however, is composed exclusively
of bigshots in Americans education: Nobel prize
winners, University presidents, etc. The Execu-
tive Committee includes such men as Prof. Franz
Boas of Columbia, Prof. Ruth Benedict of Co-
lumbia, Dean Christian Gauss of Princeton, and
Prof. Edgar Dale of Ohio State.
Dean Ned H. Dearborn (of New York Univer-
sity) and Prof. W. M. Malisoff (of the Poly.
Inst. of Brooklyn) are the Editorial Board. They
deserve a great deal of credit for putting out a
concise, dispassionate bulletin. Issue Number
Three, for examble, contains articles entitled
"Threats To Minority Rights," "Public Colleges
Advance," "Schools in Crisis," and "Youth And
the NYA;" none of the articles are either wordy
or haranguing. On the contrary, they are sober,
documented reports of the state of the nation,
the type of reports that one has a right to expect
from cultivated, intelligent Americans. If Gulli-
ver had his way, the News Service would be on
the desk of every college professor in the coun-
and more numerous in the past few years, and
the present tense situation might well see actual
conflict in this region.
To the north, the Czechoslovakian arm of the
German octopus now stretches dangerously close
to Rumanian borders, from which it is separated
only by a narrow strip of Ruthenian (now Hun-
garian) territory. The famous (or infamous)
German "Drang nach Osten" plan could easily
be interpreted to affect Rumania, and it is well
known that the Nazis covet Rumanian mineral
and agricultural resources. Although Berlip is
involved in a major war on its western frontier,
it is possible that economic necessity will force
a German attempt to seize Rumania.
To the east of Rumania lies Soviet Russia-
fallen in prestige, of course, becapse of the fiasco
in Finland-but nevertheless regarded as a
mighty military threat. Russia's "perfect excuse"
for a Rumanian invasion is Bessarabia, a region
of mixed Ukrainian and Rumanian population
annexed by Rumania after the World War.
Soviet irredentist spirit is also aroused (witness
the campaign to regain lost lands in the Baltic
area), and it is possible that Russia's next move
will be in the Balkans. And King Carol's recent
militant review of troops in Bessarabia indicates
that his nation will not allow such a move to
IN THE economic sphere also Rumania is
hard-pressed. Her rich oil deposits are the
reason. French and British interests comprise
an important part of the oil firms, thus facili-
tating Allied claims to at least a fair share of
Rumanian oil exports. Much of Italy's necessary
oil imports come from Rumania, and Mussolini
is adamant that this supply not be diminished.
The most serious of all aspects of this situation,
however, is Germany's ever-increasing demand
for Rumanian oil, even if that means cutting
off the exports to other countries. At the pres-
ent time, Germany probably more than any
other nation needs Rumanian oil to carry on the
war. Without it Germany might not survive a
long war, and will naturally stop at nothing to
maintain its supply. These conflicting, yet stub-
born, demands on Rumania contain ominous
potentialities which someday soon may prove
Rumania, in shrt, is the spark from which
may flare the next war of major proportions,_
the spark which will set aflame the smouldering
Balkans, perennial "tinder box of Europe."
- Howard A. Goldman
By Submarines .. .
AGAIN we are receiving reports of
submarines sighted within the
American neutrality zone. Distress signals from
two Birtish freighters-the SSS form which
indicates submarine attack-have been noted
during the past week. No definite confirmations,
however, have been forthcoming, and nobody
seems quite certain whether the SSS's were gen-
uine or mere hoaxes.
Despite this conjectural point, people are be-
coming "all het up" and are worrying about
"vandalistic violations of our neutrality which
may drag us into the war." Such people are
foolishly jumping at conclusions and causing
themselves needless hysterical unrest.
The neutrality zone which extends 300 miles
from the coasts of North and South America is
a zone established by the various governnernts
of the Americas. The limits of a nation, accord-
ing to general recognition by International law,
extend merely three miles to sea. Thierefore, it is
questionable whether the present neutrality zone
has to be recognized. And the two latest U-boat
attacks reported within the zone have certainly
not been within the three-mile limit.
NO AMERICAN ships have beenattacked, not
even reportedly. The alleged submarine at-
tacks have all been against vessels belonging to
belligerents. And it seems to be accepted that
the business of belligerents is to attack and to
be attacked anywhere they may be, outside of
neutral territorial waters.
There can hardly, therefore, be auy basis to
claims that our neutrality is being violated, to
fears that American ships are being terrifically
try, In fact, it wouldn't do college students any
harm if they were to read it occasionally too.
PUBLICATION Number; Two is the News Bulle-
tin of the World St'udent Association For
Peace, Freedom, and Culture (Rassemblement
Mondial Des Etudiants Pour La Paix, La Liberte
Et La Culture to you). The Association "acts
as a meeting ground and coordinating center
for students of different philosophies and creeds
and from different kinds of organizations
throughout the world . . ." Its central office is
in Paris, France, but it has established a Re-
gional Office in New York City.
In its February Bulletin, the Association ex-
presses its aim as: "To reflect the reactions of
students throughout the world to the war, and
to the violent attacks on academic freedom, on
cultural standards and on the material condi-
tions of students which accompany it. These
attacks threaten the very existence of the Uni-
versities." .It further calls for "student solidar-
ity with Spanish and Chinese students, in par-
ticular victims of war, and oppression, and ex-
presses its support of an Inter-American Youth
Congress which is to be held in Cuba in Septem-
ber at the invitation of the Cuban Brotherhood
T HE March Bulletin already has news of world
student opinion on the war. Mrs. Helen Si-
mon, a Barnard graduate who recently returned
from a year in the Association's Paris office,
"states that in her opinion the items of par-
ticular significance are those which show mass
student sentiment and activitiy against the pres-
ent war. 'In Great Britain, for example, the
all-inclusive National Union of Students is en-
couraging discussion on the war, and several
universities have voted for immediate peace.
The students are all getting together to save
the universities from annihilation, which is
threatened them by wholesale conscription and
lack of government financial support. The big-
gest single student organization-the University
Labor Federation, with 4,000 members-declares
that the war is imperialist, and is leading a
struggle against it and against the Chamber-
Mrs. Simon also quoted demonstrations of the
majority of students of Jugoslavia and India
to show that "students of small, neutral and
colonial countries wish to have no part of the
war, which they declare to be waged not for
the liberty of small peoples, who are kept in
bondage, but for gain. The All-India Student
Federation, with 80,000 members, has just sent
a message to Western students reiterating its
stand for India's freedom, and warning against
the turning of the present war into an anti-
Soviet war, using Finland as a pretext."
Gulliver has been pretty disillusioned lately
about a lot of Committees, Federations, Associa-
tions, and so on, but here are two organizations
which would seem, from the above quotations
at least, to be deserving, not only of commenda-
tion, but also of support.
Robert S Afe ~
WASHINGTON-Spring is in the
air but there is little lilt these days
in the heart of Vice President J.ack
Garner. He is in a distinctly subdued
frame of mind and not his usual
About the Senate he keeps pretty
much to himeslf and does not josh
with members and newsmen as he
used to do. Reason for the change
is the sad state of his presidential
Inside fact is that he is sagging
badly. Launched with an astutely
managed publicity splash several
months ago, the campaign has failed
to get off the ground. National and
state Democratic leaders, the boys
who really decide the slate, are
shunning the Garner bandwagon.-
While it is still rolling, it's not going
Evidence of this is in the newspa-
per polls held in various parts of
the country, which invariably rate
Garner far down in the choices of,
local Democratic chiefs. The recent
mock primary in Georgia, in which'
he got only 17 votes as against more
than 800 forsRoosevelt, was another
graphic illustration of the coolness
But while much of the inner zip
of the Garner drive has evaporated,
he personally is still determined to
see the fight out to the end.
The primary objective of Garner's
candidacy is to stop a third term.
At the start it was more a "Stop
Roosevelt" movement than a drive]
to nominate Garner. That developedi
only after it had been under way for1
some time. Garner is as strongly,
anti-third term today as ever, and
he intends to continue fighting
against it right up, to the con en-
tion, regardless of how he fares him-
..Note-Certain influential Garner
leaders, seeing how the cards areI
shaping up, have privately begun to
boost popular House Floor Leader
Sam Rayburn in a Roosevelt-Ray-,
burn combination, on the theory that
Rayburn on the ticket would placate
Garner and the conservative Sou-
therners and keep them in line.
Ickes And The Sharks
RS. JOHN T. McCUTCHEON,
- wife of the famous cartoonist,
was entertaining Mr. and Mrs. L.
W. (Chip) Robert of the Democratic
National Committee on the McCut-
cheons' Bahaman island recently.
The island is called Treasure Is-
land because it was once the strong-
hold of pirates in the days of the
Spanish Main, and Mrs. McCutcheon
Was pointing out its bathing beaches
to Mrs. Robert.
"What do you do about the sharks
and the barracuda," asked Mrs. Rob-
ert, noticing the lack of protection
between the beach and the open sea.
"We just ignore them," replied
"But what if- they are like Mr.
Ickes and refuse to be ignored?"
REPRESENTATIVE Howard Smith,
wing-collared chairman 'of the
special committee investigating the
National Labor Relations Board,
faces the fight of his political life
for re-election this year. William C.
Gloth Jr, popular and powerful
county judge, is going after Smith's
scalp with the argument that he has
neglected the interests of his Vir-
ginia district to become an aloof
"statesman" . . . .D r. Francis Town-
send, czar .of the old-age pension
movement, secretly offered to back
Senator Sheridan Downey for Pres-
ident, but Downey declined . . . John
L. Lewis apparently is determined to
fight back at pro-Roosevelt senti-
ment in the CIO. Heads of CIO
unions who favor a third term have
been quietly informed, that if per
capita dues of their organizations
have not been paid up they had bet-
ter "pipe down."
MISSCORA RUBIN, secretary to
the late Senator Borah through-
out his33 years in Washington, i
filling the same position with Sen-
ator John Thomas, his successor.
One of the ace secretaries on Cap-
itol Hill, Miss Rubin received a num-
ber of government and private of-
fers, but preferred to continue in her
old post. Thomas offered her the.
job immediately after learning he
would be named to Borah's seat.
Thomas also secured the desk his
great predecessor used for many
years. Senator Vandenberg, who laid
claim to Borah's office on the righ
of seniority, wanted the desk, bu
Miss Rubin quietly removed it to
Borah's papers and files have been
sent to the Library of Congress
where they will be arranged and
made available to students and his
torians. Mrs. Borah has received sev
Bronson-Thomas Prize in German:
Value $39.00. Open to all undergrad-
uate students in German of distinct-
ly American training. Will be]
awarded on the results of a three-
hour essay competition to be held
under departmental supervision on
March 21, from 2-5 p.m., 203 U.H.
Contestants must satisfy the depart-
ment that they have done their
reading in German. The essay may
be written in English or German.
Each contestant will be free to choose,
his own subject from a list of at least
30 offered. The list will cover six
chapters in the development of Ger-
man literature from 1750 to 1900,
each of which will be represented by
at least five subjects. Students who
wish to compete must be taking a
course in German (101 or above) at
the time of the competition. They
should register and obtain directions
as soon as possible at the office of
the German Department, 204 Uni-
Kothe-Hildner Prize in German:
Two prizes, of $30 and $20 respective-
ly, will be awarded to students taking
German 32 in a translation compe-
tition (German-English and Eng-
lish-German) to be held March 21,
from 2-5 p.m. in 203 U.H. Students
who wish to compete and who have
not yet handed in their applications
should do so immediately and obtain
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of a Civil Service
examination to be given April 6 by the
Civil Service Commission of the City
of Los Angeles for Principal City
Planner. Entrance salary is $300 a
onth. Local residence requirement
Applications must be filed by 5:00
p.n1. Friday, March 15, 1940.
Complete announcement on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours:
9-12 and 2-4.
Ahe Rochdale and Congress Coop-
erative houses are now jointly ac-
cepting applications from those who
desire to take advantage of their in-
expensive boarding facilities. Phone
6957 for an interview.
Eligibility Cards for league activi-
ties can be signed on Friday, March
8, as the last day.
A cademic Notices
Psychology 31 Makeup Examina-
tion will be held tonight-from 7:30
to 10:30 p.m. in Room 3126 Na-
tural Science Bldg.
English 127: Make-up for final ex-
amination will be held this after-
noon from 2 to 5 o'clock in Room
University Lecture: Dr. M. S. Di-
mand, Curator of Near Eastern Art
at the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
New York, will lecture on "Excava-
tions at Nishapur in East Persia)"
(illustrated) under the auspices of
the Institute of Fine Arts at 4:15
p.m. today, in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. The public is cordially in-
University Lecture M. Henri Foc-
illon, Professor of the History of Art
at the College de France and Visiting
Professor at Yale University, will lec-
ture (in French) on the subject
"Manet et la vie Moderne" under the
auspices of the Department of Ro-
mance Languages at 4:15 p.m. on
Monday, March 11, in Room 102
Architecture Building. The public is
University Lecture: Mr. Louis Un-
termeyer, Poet and Anthologist, will
lecture on "Poets of the Machine
Age" at 8:15 p.m. on Wednesday,
March 13, in the Rackham Lecture
Hall. This lecture will be under the
auspices of the Department of Eng-
lish in the College of Engineering.
The public is cordially invited.
Major Eliot Lecture: "The Wa
And Us," presented by the Oratorical
Association, tonight at 8:15, Hill
Auditorium. Lecture Course patrons
please use Mazaryk tickets for ad-
e mission. Second balcony seats avail-
able at 50 cents.
Y Pharmacy Lecture: Mr. M. G. Mer-
d iam, a representative of Becton, Dick-
t inson and Company, Rutherford, Nev
t Jersey, will lecture on the manufac-
) ture of thermometers, on Friday
March 8, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 303
n ChemistryaBuilding. Pharmacy stu
; dents and others interested are cord-
d ially invited.
- League for Liberal Action lectur
THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1940
VOL. L. No. 112
to replace the lecture by Dr. May-
nard Krueger which was formerly
announced. Please notice change of
French Lecture: Professor A. J.
Jobin's lecture: "Les Hommes de
bonne volonte, portrait moral de la
France," fourth lecture on the Cercle
Francais program today at 4:15 p.m.,
Room 103, Romance Language Bldg.
Biological Chemistry Lecture: Dr.
Joseph J. Pfiffner, of the Research
Laboratories of Parke-Davis Com-
pany, Detroit, will speak on the
"Chemistry of the Adrenal Gland,"
on Saturday, March 9, at 11:00 a.m.
in the East Lecture Room of the
Rackham Building. All interested are
Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, of New
York City, will give the fourth lecture
in the series on "The Existence and
Nature of Religion" at Rackham Lec-
ture Hall, 8:00 p.m., Saturday, March
Theatrical Costume Design: Lec-
ture by Evelyn Cohen, New York cos-
tumiere, who designed the costumes
for Play Production's "Il Seraglio," in
the Mendelssohn Theatre today at
3 p.m. No admission charge.
Zoology Seminar: Mr. Everett T.
Erickson will report on 'The Differ-
entiation of the Gonads and Acces-
sory Ducts and Glands or their Prim-
ordia under the Influence of the Sex
Hormones of Normal Adults" and
Miss Kathleet L. Hussey on "Devel-
opment of the Excretory System in
Digenetic Trematodes" tonight at
7:30 in the Amphitheatre of the
Far Eastern Art, F.A. 192.- Special
Seminar, F.E.A. Room, A.M.H., this
evening, 7:00 to 9:30 p.m. Attendance
Thursday morning only for those who
cannot attend the evening seminar.
Electrical Engineering Colloquim.
Discussion and demonstration of
Vacuum tube trigger circuits and re-
laxation oscillators by John K. Mills,
'40E this afternoon at 4:30 p.m. In
Room 101, W. Engr. Bldg. All per-
sons interested in Electronics are in-
Polish Engineers Society meeting
tonight in the Michigan Union at
7:30. R. J. Kozacka will talk on
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Phi Tau Alpha meeting 7:30
night, Rackham Building.
By JOHN SCHWARZWALDER
ARTUR RUBINSTEIN, Polish pianist, received
an altogether deserved ovation last night
at Hill Auditorium, as he concluded this year's
Choral Union Series. His playing was so skill-
ful, his musicianship so complete, and his artis-
tic integrity so evident that comment beconhg
something of a problem. Such complete mastery
of a medium is rare even among the great.
The Busoni transcription of the great organ
Toccato in C major opened the program, and
was played in a fashion that made one forget
the original instrument. The prelude, emblem-
atic of the power of Bach's -conception, and the
graceful adagio ware given a rendition that made
the emotional quality of the composition imme-
diately apparent to the least sophisticated of
listeners. We are sure that Mr. Rubinstemn will
not take it amiss if we compare his playing i
this section to that of the late Harold Samuel.
Not since then have we heard power, clear poly-'
phony, gentle grace and emotional content all
brought out by one virtuoso.
The Franck Prelude, Choral and Fugue which
followed was an earnest example of Mr. Rubin-
stein's complete mastery of another period and
style. The thematic unity of the whole was his
first consideration and the masterful develop-
ments of the interwoven themes of the composer
was the inviolable law of the artists's perfor-
fance. That this resulted in a poetic and emo-
tionally ripe interpretation is proof anew of the
pianist's clarity of judgment. Only too often is
this unity sacrificed for a doubtful sentimen-
A DYNAMIC reading of Debussy's Prelude in
A minor and Ondine surprised its hearers
by the vigor of its syncopation and the stir of
its rhythms. These preceded the much. awaited
,Petrol' ehka of Stravinski. Insofar as we are
concerned this work remains a tour de force
for the piano, regardless of the fact that it was
originally scored for that instrument. It is our
chief criticism of Mr. Rubinstein that he played
this too well. The orchestra was. entirely too
much with us, late and soon. From strident
trombone-like tones to the unbelievable kettle
drums in the bass, the imitation was so close
that mirth and amazement succeeded musical
enjoyment. Marvelous as the feat was, we feel
the artist makes a mistake when he places inter-
est in the medium above that in the composition.
Perhaps to those who do not know the Petrouch-
A.LE.E.: Gerhard Liedholz will
speak tonight at the Michigan Union
at 8 o'clock on "Hysteresis." A short
film on "The Life of Charles Scott"
will also be shown. Refreshments.
A.I.M.E. meeting tonight at 7:30 in
Room 1042 E. Engr. Bldg. Mr. Alvin
Herzig of Climax Molybdenum Co.
will speak on and show a movie of
"The History of Alloys and Steel."
A discussion of the operations in the
laboratory of the Company will fol-
Sigma Eta Chi will have a pledging
service at 7:30 tonight at Pilgrim
La Sociedad Hispanica meeting to-
night at 7:30 in the League. A group
of students 'from the University of
Detroit will sing and play their
Tryouts for German Play will be
held in Room 300 S.W., today and
Friday from 3-5 p.mi. Open to all stu-
Entire Cast of "Four Out of Five"
will meet tonight at 10:30 in Room
316 of the Union.
Modern Dance Club meeting to-
night at 7:30 in Barbour Gymnasi-
Comic Opera "Il Seraglio" or "Ab-
duction from the Harem" opening to-
night at the Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets still available for all per-
formances, tonight through Saturday
at 8:30- Phone 6300 for reservations.
St, Andrew's Episcopal Church 8
p.m. tonight, short Compline Service
and Lecture on "The History of the
Early Church," .by The Reverend
Faculty Women's Club: Interior
Decoration Section will meet today
at the League. Professor Marion Hill-
, house of Michigan State College will
lecture on "A Clinic on Clothing."
n. Ruinania --a
ONDAY'S ominous border clashes in
- I southern Rumania give still another
ndication that the next major conflict to break
>ut will center about this sorely-beset nation.
Rumania- is indefinitely "on the spot," geo-
;raphically and economically. From the four
>oints of the compass hostile countries are
iterally knocking at its doors.
The incident Monday -involved Bulgaria, Ru-
nanma's Southern neighbor, in a dispute over
I territory known as Southern Dobruja. Bulgaria
was forced to cede this region to Rumania at
;he close of the World War, but has been seeking
Institute of the Aeronautical Sci-
ences: The trip to the Stinson Air-
craft factory and the Wayne County
Airport will take place on Saturday