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March 05, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-03-05

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_____________ -~ ~-it,

HIGAN DAILY

Nl

,.

GULLIVER'S
CAV ILS
I:v~r OUNGGLIrVER

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NJ

.._

jF

GULLIVER says, "Baby Jean Gauntt," does

ed and,managed by students of the University of
gan under the authority of the Board in Control of
-nt Publications.
Wshed every morning except Monday during the
rsity year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
r republication of all news dispatches credited to
not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
of republication of all other matters herein also,
ed.
ered at the Post Offico at- Ann ArLor, Michigan, as
d class mail matter.
scriptions during regular school yeat by carrier,
-by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAl. ADVEKR1 4NG 1Y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO ' BOSTON - LoS ANGELES SAN FRANCISCO
nber, Associated Collegate Press, 1939.40
Editorial Staff_

- v r ,.

Mergen
t Maranis .
M. Swintona.
n L. Linder
an A. Schorr
s Planagan.
N. Canavan
Vicary .
Ineberg ,

1 ;3
t' r i
m. .
e "'
,. +
r
s
" +

. Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. . City Editor
. Associate Editor
. . Associate Editor
=Associate Editor
S . Associate Editor
* o . oen's Editor
. Sports Editor

ag Business Staff
Busiess Manager. . . . . Paul R. Park
mt.s sWCredit Manager Gansn P. Taggart
Wirown's Butsiness Mfaager Zenoia Soratko
Woe 's Advertising Manager . ane Mowers
Pliatios Manager . .Wrriet S. Levy
NIGHT 1 pDITOR: WILLIAM ELMER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
only.
Youth Can't Eat
Cannon Balls ...
NE OF the salient features of the,
proposed American Youth Act now
before Congress is its provision for the expansion
of the educational opportunities of the nation's
youth. The maintenance and extension of
educational opportunities is of intimate concern
to University of Michigan students. One need
not give a lengthy dissertation to demonstrate
this; a brief review of pat history will suffice.
Tle now inadequate federal appropria-
tion for NYA has been cut from 95 mu-
lions to 83 millions (12 / 'percent) for
the coming fiscal year. This cut implies
a proportionate curtailment of NYA facilitis
here next year. Last week the University an-
nounced that tuition fees will be substantially
raised beginning this coming summer session.
Michigan resident fees are upped an average
of ten dollars per year. Out-of-state students
will have to pay between fifty and eighty dol-
lars more per year for their education.
YES, INDEED, the matter of educational op-
portunities has assumed a special interest
to Michigan students, and it becomes incum-
bent upon them ,to lend their support to mea-
sures that vill forestall the trent of curtailment
that is in progress. In common with millions
of other American ' youth, Michigan students
should become articulate in their support of
the provisions and spirit of the now pending
American Youth Act. The act recognizes and
lays the bases for meeting the problems of
(American youth today.
Through the measure, the expansion of educa-
tional opportunity to all needy students is
implemented by two provisions, academic work
projects and federal scholarships. The act pro-
vides for a National Youth Administration under
which will be established a "system, of academic
work projects to be conducted in or near all
colleges. or other instittions of higher learning
-t 'prevalent union rates of pay, -the monthly
jayment to be at least $30. Unprecedented in
its recognition of the need for scholarships, the
act stipulates that "all young persons officially
enrolled in a course of study in a high school,
secondary school, or vocational training school,
wiho would be unable without financial aid to
-ontinue such course of study, shall be eligible
to receive a sufficient sum of money to enable
such young persons to pay school fees, cost of
books and school materials, and personal ex-
penses." These provisions meet with direct aid
a pressing problem, common to millions of stu-
dents. But the act goes further to provide for
the equally acute problem of unemployment,
'tentative to most students but immediate to
four million of jobless youth.
"TIHE Administration shall estabish a series
of public-works projects, employment on
.which shall be open to all young persons who
are not otherwise employed, nor enrolled in a
full-time course of study in any schools," the
act reads, "at prevailing union wages not in
any case to be less than $12.50 per week. Much
needed vocational guidance and training are
provided for by the employmant of "vocational
advisers, whose services shall be available with-
out charge to all young persons residing in the
locality."
The American Youth Act is a comprehensible
program designed to meet the real needs of

that mean anything to you? It should, be-
cause Baby Jean is the young lady who is sche-
duled to live forever; Gulliver wrote a column
about her some time ago. In case you don't
remember, the Royal Fraternity of Master
Metaphysicians, with headquarters at Peace
Haven, Long Island, adopted Baby Jean, are
bringing her up in a luxurious fashon, and are
keeping her from impure thoughts, alcohol, to-
bacco, coffee, tea, and opium. She will never
contract any diseases, they say, and what's
more, she'll live indefinitely.
Today's column is about Dr. James B. Schafer,
Messenger (head man) of the Metaphysicians,
who is now the legal guardian of Baby Jean.
The latter, incidentally, is doing fine; she has
five teeth already. The Schafer story comes
to you by way of a New York paper which you.
may not have seen. It seems that Dr. Schafer,
on behalf of the Metaphysicians, is negotiating
for the purchase of the old Gould stables on
West Fifty-seventh Street." 'Mentally, I've al-
ready moved into it,' said Dr. Schafer. "Right
offhand, you can see that this Schafer guy
is a card...
THE story goes on like this: "Dr. Schafer is
a greying middle-aged man endowed with
urbanity and the comforting solemnity of a
family physician. His office is reached through
a lecture room adorned with printed expressions
of some of the Messenger's recent Observations.
'YOUR SMILE IS LOVELY' and 'I AM A LAW
UNTO MYSELF.' On the bulletin board was
the cryptic announcement that *AS USUAL,
MR. J. B. SCHAFER WILL BE BLENDING AT
12 NOON AND 12 MIDNIGHT.' .About twenty-
five women were in the hal listening to a
lecture on elocution." We pause here long
enough to take a breath and to inform you that
the meaning of "blending" will be explained
below. To continue:
"Dr. Schafer was at his desk, surrounded by
a dictograph, a speakograph, a radio, and two
telephones. On the walls were photographs of
Lincoln and a sitting nude. Dr. Schafer said
that Lincoln was his favorite character." Evi-
dently the good Doctor had nothing to say
about the nude for publication. But the whole
setup sounds terrific, doesn't it? Personally,
Gulliver feels that nobody but Groucho Marx
could do justice to a dictograph, a speakograph,
a radio, and two telephones. Be-'that as it may.
" I'm on the threshold of immortality my-
self,' announced Dr. Schafer, with no trace of
emotion. 'At least, I know how it's done.' Dr.
Schafer said that physical immortality could
be achieved by anyone willing to cultivate 'inter
nal harmony' and abstain from ligour, tobacco,
coffee, tea, and drugs of any form. Also, one
must become a strict vegetarian. 'Otherwise I
eat anything the little engineer inside tells
me to,' he added, tapping his chest. 'Sometimes
I eat cucumbers. I haven't been to a doctor or
a dentist in maybe thirty years.' Dr. Schafer
took a casket of pills from his vest pocket and
swallowed one. They were not stomach pills,
he said, but pills designed to cure unpleasant
breath. Not even a man standing on the thresh-
old of immortality is immune from halitosis,
he indicated." What Gulliver wants to know is,
did he indicate it by saying it or by breathing it?
BY NOW, you may be beginning to wonder
what Dr. Schafer does for a living. Or maybe
you've guessed. "His sdrces of cash, he insists,
are not at all mysterious. 'When you serve peo-
ple, you create obligations,' he said. 'Then the
money comes in.'" No comment on that one.
But he does work' for the money; he puts in'
a sixteen hour day. His day "starts at '7 a.m.
when he arises at Peace Haven. After break-
fast he motors to his office, stopping several
times en route to visit sick 'Fellows,' or initiates.
There are about 30,000 Fellows, he says. At non
and at midnight Dr. Schafer 'blends,' a metaphy-
sical process described on headquarters bullMtin
board as follows: 'ALL YOU HAVE TO DOIS
TURNI YOUR THOUGHTS TO HIM AND -HE
WILL BLEND -WITH YOU ON YOUR IDEAS
OR PROBLEMS.'" No doubt Dr. Schafer is
willing to blend with your bankroll too.
The latest wrinkle in the Metaphysical setup
is this one: "Next week Dr. Schaefer plans to
establish a 'Think-a-job clinic for the unem-
ployed." If the doc will dream up a cushy job

for this columnist starting in June, Gulliver
will gladly indulge in a little noon blending ...
THERE may be one last question in your
minds. Where did Schafer pick up the "Doc-
tor" title? We've got the answer, and we reprint
it without comment: "Dr. Schafer did not reveal
his age, but said he was graduated from the
University of Michigan Medical School in 1908.
Disillusioned with medicine, he never started
practice, but turned immediately to meta-
physics."
FROM the Mailbag: A letter too long to print
today, but which begins like this: Dear Gul-
liver, I cannot help but realize that you are a
New Dealer; you make the fact too obvious.
And characteristic of New Dealers you are only
too anxious to belittle the Republicans .. .
From the correspondent's tone of voice, you'd -
think he was accusing Gulliver of not washing
behind the ears ... Anyway, this column busi-
ness is all very interesting. So far Gulliver
has been accused of being a tool of Stalin, a
tool of Alf Landon, and now a tool of

cud Q
MI Rt.betAfleSA
WASHINGTON-On your calendar there is
nothing to distinguish March 11 from any other
day, but among political insiders it is a date
awaited with intense interest.
On March 11 a grand jury is slated to meet
in Indianapolis, and its proceedings may have
a profound effect upon the career of handsone
Paul V. McNutt, Federal Security Administraor
and ambitious White House aspirant.
As first revealed by The Washington Merry-'
Go-Round (Jan. 12 and 29), the Internal Rev-
eniue Bureau for some time has been quietly
probing the famous Hoosier Democratic ("Two
Per Cent") Club, and the tax returns of several
top-flight Indiana Democratic chieftains, in-
cluding McNutt. This investigation is still un-
finished, but some reports' have been received
by Treasury executives.
The big question being excitedly discussed in
inner' Washington circles is whether the eqn-
vening of the federal grand jury means that the
Administration is preparing to repeat its n-
sas City and New Orleans prosecutions, which'
smashed the notorious Pendergast and Huey
Long machines.
Questions Asked
The Indiana findings of the revenue agents
are a closely guarded secret, but political leaders
have 'learned the following:
1. That the investigators asked officials of
the Amterican Legion in Indianapolis for 'the
records of a Legion "trial," which had been held
to consider charges that a "cut" on a Legion-
sponsored tour abroad, during McNutt's term
as National Commander, had not been properly
accounted for. Frank McHale, rotund manager
of McNutt's presidential campaign, acted as
his defense attorney in this proceeding.
The investigators are understood to have been
informed that the money was accounted for,
but that the records of the trial have disappeared
fron Legion files.
2. That the investigators are checking all
:tate Highway Commission 'warrants paid 'to
contractors from 1933 to 1939,"when Governor
Townsend ousted Earl Crawford, Highway
Chairman who had been secretary to Governor
McNutt, and C. W. 'McAlpn, Highwy Purchas-
ing Agent originally .appointed by McNutt.
Beer And Gambling
3. That the investigators have been scrutiniz-
ing the affairs of the state beer monopoly spon-
sored by McNutt as Governor. Under this set-up
all out-of-state beer had to clear through li-
censed ports of entry. The tate Alcohdic
'Beverage Commission designated these ports
and also licensed beer. importers.
It has long been charged In Indiana that the
ABC dished these licenses out' to avored pol-
iticians and dealers. Also, that a number of
high Democratic moguls were "silent partners"
in these lucrative franchises.
Note-It is a Treasury secret that the inves-
tigation of the "Two Per Cent" Club was pomp-
ted by the discovery that an official of the or-
ganization was a 'silent partner in a 'southern
Indiana beer set-up, and had been very careless
about reporting income he had received from
this connection.
4. That the investigators have been on the
trail of a secret "slush fund" understood to have
been contributed by gamblers, as a gesture of
appreciation for McNutt's policy that gambling
was a local enforcement problem, and that state
police were not to meddle unless requested in
writing by a responsible city'executive. Govr-
nor Townsend reversed this policy, and under1
him the state police have conducted extensive
raids.

Puist' Faction
5. That neither Governor Townsend nor Fred
F. Bays, Democratic State Chairman, are in-.
volved in these affairs. Both are leaders of the
so-called "purist" faction that has been making
a determined fight to house-clean the Indiana
organization. Townsend refused to sign the bill
exempting the "Two Per Cent" Club from the
corrupt practices act and is backing Bays in his
clean-up movement.
Working closely with them is Clarence U.
Gramelspacher, new treasurer of the Club, who
recently served personal notice on Bowman El-
der, intimate of McHale, that he will sign no
checks until satisfied they are for legitimate
expenditures.
Note-Playing a leading behind-the-scenes
role in the investigation is Val Nolan, dynamic
U.S. District Attorney-for.Southern Indiana, whb
urged a probe of the state machine as far back
as 1937. Since the retirement of Attorney Gen-
eral Homer Cummings, Nolan has indicted and
convicted Olin R. Holt, Democratic Mayor of
Kokomo; Carl Kortopeter, a' district WPA direc-
tor; and last month rocked the state by indicting
Arthur V. Brown, leading banker.
No Gun-Runner
The pr6tocol office of the State Department
ran into a novel war-born problem the other
day when David Gray, new Minister to Ireland,
came in to make plans for his departure.
Gray is a tall, slender gentleman, with a taste
for hunting. He hold the protocol office that
he couldn't be happy on the other side without
his sportsman's shotgun.
"But I am going to Dublin by way of Europe,"
,midIa .m, "f wnr m a.t f +Av m willthn

MUSIC

By JOHN SCHWARZWALDER
Mr. Wolfgang AmadeusMozart's
comic opera, Il Seragl o, or Abuc-
tion from the Harem, as the publicity
managers have subtitled it, will be
presented at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre Thursday, Friday and Sat-
urday of this week. It is being pro-
duced by a variety of agencies and
sponsors including Play Production,
the School of Music, the Dept. of
Physical Education, the Little Sym-
phony Orchestra, and others more
or less closely associated with one or
another of these.
II Seraglio was composed by Mo-
zart in 1782 at the age of twenty six,
and was first presented on July 12
of that year at the National theater
in Vienna. The libretto was arranged
by Gottlieb Stephanie frox an ear-
lier plot by Bretzner, antecedents
unknown. Mozart is said to have had
a hand in the preparation of the
book, and Ithe complex mattr of the
authorship was much. disputed for
a number of years. Today scholars
are inclined to give Bretzner most
of what credit there is for the rather
awkward if charming story.
The music is notable for several
reasons. The opera is a singspiel,
that is to say it is of a distinctly
German type of opera which com-
bined dialogue with music. Mozart,
who had had Italian training, at-
tempted to take some of the refine-
ments of the aria and putthem Into
the vigorous form of the German
drama with music. What resulted
is an altogether delightful mixture
of Italian style and lusty humor.
This formula was so successful that
Mozart repeated it with even greater
success in his later work, the Magic
Flute.
It Seraglio has had considerable
success on the stage. It has been
sung in French, German, Italian and
English in every considerable city in
'Europe, and under as many different
titles as human ingenuity could in-
vent. It has been revived many
times, One of the curious facts about
its first London production was that
it was advertised as "the work of
the celebrated Mr. Mozart, with
additional airs by Mr. Kramer." We
are reliably informed that the Ann
Arbor production will include no airs
by Mr. Kramer, whomever he may be,
nor by -anyone else.
the most successful production in
modern times was presented in Lon-
don in 1910 at Covent Garden, in the
first of Sir Thomas Beecham's fa-
'Mous opera seasonsthere. Also not-
able are the recent Salzburg produc-
tions, and the presentation in New
York- by the Juilliard School of Mu-
sic under the direction of Albert
Stoessel' during the season of 1937-
.8. -.
The present production, we are as-
sured contains bells, whistles, ballets,
solo dances, rich costuming, moving
scenery, and all else that the mind of
man can devise for the entertain-
ment of an audience. Besides, you
probably owe it to yourself to see and
hear just how captivating eighteenth
century music, in the work of its
greatest 'exponent, 'Mozart, can
sound.

TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1940 r
VOL. L No, 110'
Noticees (2
The University Council Committee
n Parking earnestly requests that the i
>arking of cars and trucks on thet
ovals between the Chemistry and Na-
;ural Science Buildings, or anywhere
Ise on lawns, be discontinued. Thed
:rass underneath the snow will be c
C
lamaged not only by the ice conse-
Luent to the packing of snow, but
lso by the dripping of oil from
notors.
Herbert G. WatkinsI
College of Literature, Science, and a
she Arts; School of Music; and Schoolr
f Education: Students who received
narks of "I" or "X" at the close ofA
heir last semester or summer ses-0
ion of attendance will receive a 1
rade of -"E" in the course unless this 1
york is 'made up by March 12. Stu-
lents wishing an extension of time
>eyond this date in order to make upn
;his work should file a petition ad-
iressed to the appropriate official
nn their school with Room 4 U.H.a
where it will be transmitted.
Choral Union Members in good n
tanding will be issued pass ticketsc
'or the Rubinstein concert, Wednes-..
lay, March 6, between the hours of n
3 and 12, and 1 and 4.s
F
The Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti a
Branch of the A.A.U.W. announces
he Mary Markley Fellowship of $500
or graduate study for women stu- L
ents for the year 1940-1941. Person- t
1 recommendations from the instruc-
ors acquainted with the work of thet
applicant must accompany the ap- 1
plication. Application blanks may
e obtained at the Graduate SchoolF
end must be returned by March 15.I
c
Senior Mechanical Engne'rs: At-
;ention is called to the opportunities
for employment with the. Sunbeam
Electric Manufacturing Company. A l
representative will be here soon. For
:urther information, inquire in Roomt
221 West Engineering Building. s
Mechanical Engineering seniors;
General Electric interviews will bea
eld on March 7 or 8. A general talk,
)utlining general information regard-
ing employment, will precede, at 5r
p.m. Wednesday, March 6.
,V
Examination of Thomas Cosnett I
Rathbone for the professional de-
gree of Mecanical Engineer will be'
held at 2:00 p.m. today in 411A4
West Engineering Bldg. Mr. Rath-
bone's department of specialization is
mechanical Engineering. The title t
f his thesis is "The Vibration and
Balancing of Steam Turbine-Genera..
tors."
Professor Jesse Ormondroyd as
hairman of the committee will con-1
duct the examination. By direction1
of the Executive Board, the chaman
has the privilege of inviting members
of the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examina-
tion and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. 1okun
The Rochdale and Congress Coop-
erative houses are now jointly ac-
cepting applications from those Who
desire to take advantage of their in-
expensive boarding facilities. Phone
6957 for an interview.
School of Education Seniors: Class
dues must be paid this week, either
at the desk in the' lobby of the School"
of Education (first floor) or to mem-
bets of the Finance Committee.
Academic Notices
Mathematics350 (b) (Short Course)
Functions Defined by Second Order
Differential Equations, by Professor
Laporte. This will meet Tuesdays
and Wednesdays from 3 to 4:30 in

Room 3201 A.H.
Special Seminar, F.E.A. Room
A.M.H.,Thursday evening, March 7,
7:00 to 9:30 p.m. Attendance Thurs-
day morning only for those who can-.
not attend the evening seminar.,
Reading for the week: On bronzes
of Shang and Early Chou only.
Far Eastern Art, F. A. 192: No class
today.
Concerts
Choral Union Concert: Artur Rub-
instein, pianist, will give the final
program in the pre-Festival concert
series, Wednesday evening, March 6,
at 8:30 o'clock, in Hill Auditorium.
The public is requested to be seated
on time as the concert will begin
promptly.

Theatrical Costume Design: Lec-
ure by Evelyn Cohen, New York cos-
umiere, who designed the costumes
tor lay Production's current opera
TX Seraglio," at 3 p.m. today, Men-
delssohn Theatre No admission
harge.
T6 & s EV
Graduate Education Club will hold
High School Auditorium today
at 4:15 p.m. Significant issues
raised at the recent meeting of
he American Association of School
Administrators at St. Louis ll be
iscussed. Speakers: Supt. O. W.
Haisley of Ann Arbor, Professor Ra-
eigh Schorling, Dean Edmonson, Dr.
Carrothers and other staff members.
Junior Research Club: The March
meeting will be held tonight at 7:30
n the. amphitheatre, third floor, of
the Horace . H. Rackham School
f graduate Studies. Associate
Professor W. J.Nungester, Depart-
nent of Bacteriology, will speak
on "Problems. Involved in the
Treatment of Infections with Im-
mune Serum," and Associate Profes-
ior E. J. Ash, Department of Metal
Processing, will speak on "Centifug-
ily Cast Cannon."
Forum on Latin American prob-
1ms, sponsored by the Foreign ,ela-,.
ions Commission of the Mic~igan
Anti-War Committee, will be held in
the small ballroom of the Michigan
Union tonight at 8:00. Prof. Arthur
B. Aiton Will speak; and Professors
Preston E. James, Julio del Toro and
Dudley M. Phelps will assist in the
discussion. All students invited.
Deutscher Verei, Dean Edard
E. Kraus will present the illustrated
ecture, "Wie Schmucksteinschleifer
von Idar-Oberstein," tonight at 8:15
in the Union. Refreshments will be
served at the close of the evening.
Tau Beta Pi dinner meeting tonight
at Michigan Union, 6:00 p.m.
Alpha Nu, honorary speech frater-
nity, is holding an open forum on
"Germany should win the present
war" this evening at 7:30 in the Alpha
Nu Room, Angell Hall. The public
is invited and may participate in the
discussion. Alpha Numeeting at 8:30
in same place.
J.G.P. Publicity Committee meeting
at 5:00 p.m. today in the League.
Bring class dues. Anyope who can-
not attend call Lee Hardy at 2-2569.
Sigma Rho Tan will meet in the
Union at 7:30 tonight, Room 116.
Annual Ypsi Debate, advanced Hall
of Fame training. Please note change
of meeting place.
La Sociedad Hispanica presents Dr.
Pagan who will lecture on some trop-
ical industrial plants today at '4:15
in 231 A.. Illustrated with lantern
slides.
Association Forum: Dean Erich A.
Walter 'will lead a discussion of the
lecture on "The Existence and Nature
of Religion" by Professor Horton,
Lane Hall, 8:00 tonight.
Tryouts for French Play today and
Wednesday this week from 3 to 5
p.m., Room 408 Romance Language
Building. Open to all students in-
terested.
All Engineering Smoker is to be
held tonight at 7:30 in the main ball-
room of the Michigan Union. Colored
motion pictures. Refreshments. All
students and faculty of the Engineer-
ing College are invited.
Christian Science Organization will
meet tonight at 8:15 pim. in the
chapel of the Michigan League.

Second All-Campus Bridge Tourna-
ment tonight at the Michigan Union
in the Glee Club Room at 7:30.
Lobby Hobbyists Meeting: Prof.
John Muyskens of the Speech De-
partment will speak on "Hobbies In a
Turmoil," tonight at, the Michigan
Union, Room 325, at 8:00.
A Meeting of the Conversational
Hebrew Class will be held at the Hill-
el Foundation tonight at 7:00.
A neeting of the Jewish Ethics
class will be held at the Hillel Found-
ation tonight at 8:00. Registration
for this class may still be obtained
by calling the Foundation.
Faculty Women's Club: The play
reading section will meet today at
2:15 in the Mary B. Henderson'foom
of the Michigan League.
Coming Events
F ~ orir .inPhr-n- a mi-a ..r"M

mance Languages at
Monday, March 11,
Architecture Building.
ordially invited,.

DAILY OFF ICIAL BUL LET IN

4:15 p.m. on
in Room 102
The public is

,a

Powder Keg
RUMVANIA, the new powder keg
of Europe, may at any time explode F
and spread a so far localized conflict e
throughout the world. The unhappy
situation of the little Balkan state e
is the direct result of her fortunate-
or unfortunate-possession of the
most productive oil resources in
Europe.c
Germany recently exerted pressure
on neutral Rumania demanding in-c
creased shipments of the oil which 1
is so vitally necessary to carry on the
war 'against 'England and France.
Hitler has warned Rumania that if
greater supplies are not forthcoming1
he will be forced to seek "other me-
thods."
At the same time, England and1
France, who control over half ofs
Rumania's oil production through1
private companies, have threatened
to cut off economic aid to Rumania
if oil is diverted to Germany. King
Carol, seeking to remain in the good
graces of England, who guaranteed
the independence of Rumania at the
outset of the war, and Germany,
who 'would be a good customer for
the oil which is at stake, is attempt-
ing to avoid the showdown which
both belligerents are demanding by
playing- one side against the other.
it is a dangerous "game for a small
neutral state to sit on, and it is not
likely that Rumania will emerge un-
scathed. Carol, already pinched by
the economic pressure from England
and threats from Germany, will have
to decide soon in whose hands he will
be forced to trust the future of his
country. When the decision is made
there can be slight hope that the
war will not soon also involve the
remaining Balkan countries and
Italy and Turkey as well, whose in-
terests will also be vitally, affected.
- Daily Iowan
that with Congress functioning both
,:,-. hum . . a nv t naiininoy--boa rd

Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. M. S. Di-
mand, Curator of Near Eastern Art
at the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
New York, will lecture on "Excava-
tions at Nishapur in East Persia)"

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