THE MICHIGAN DAIY
. , -v
HE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
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CHICAGO "DOSTON ' LOS ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Stan M. Swinton
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Norman A. Schorr
John N. Canavan
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* . City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
* Sports Editor
Business Manager . . .
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager .
Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Harriet S. Levy
NIGHT EDITOR: LAURENCE MASCOTT
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
W ITH THE health welfare of the stu-
dent the prime objective of. the
Health Service throughout its 26 years of exis-
tence, the construction of a new and modern
building constituted one more huge stride in
realizing this aim.
Bed capacity in the new building will be in-
creased 100 per cent, which will help relieve
the present difficulty of treating; students and
obviate the necessity of sending some of them
back to their rooms for uncertain care and
possible spread of contagion.
The new building represents a very welcome
addition to student health facilities, but, due
to unforeseen problems of building construction,
the plant and equipment will be unfinished and
incomplete until additional funds become avail-
able. Unfortunately, this will reduce the ser-
vices and benefits to students which had origin-
ally been planned for.
THE NEW Health Service will have a com-
pletely unfinished fourth floor which was to
have included a patient's lounge, sun decks and
Practically a trade mark of every modern hos-
pital is a special electrical communication sys-
tem between bed patients and nurses. This is
only one of the many features of the original
plans which had to come out in order that the
building might be finished.
Only the wiring is in place for a patient
waiting signal system for the offices of the
medical advisors. Dental X-ray equipment in
the Health Service which would facilitate the
giving of proper attention to the problem of
mouth disease will be lacking. A modern short-
wave treatment cabinet designed to generate
heat in the deep tissues of the body-a modern
form of physical therapy-would afford stu-
dents effective treatment, but it too has to be
M ANY OTHER items of equipment needed for
the special comfort and convenience of
patients and the full use of the Health Service
will be either missing or replaced by pieces long
since worn out by many years of use. All present
old equipment that can possibly be used will be
transferred to the new building.
Word of these needs has filtered to a limited
extent through the campus and already some
contributions have been made, particularly by
women's groups. The Panhellenic Association,
Assembly, the Undergraduate Council of 'the
League and an anonymous friend have selected
the' equipment of patient bed rooms as their
projects. The present J-Hop committee and
Galens have indicated that interest in fulfill-
ing some of the needs of the Health Service.
Only from group or private sources such as
these does it appear that the completion of
the building and the services originally planned
for will be realized. The Health Service itself
will be unable to take part in its own completion
because the increased operating budget of the
department will exhaust its present sources of
The Health Service is not conducting a cam-
paign for funds but wishes only to make known
the opportunity for financial assistance from
student groups and other persons who may be
interested in such projects.
CTM- AfrerWrIr nn + -, n+- of+,irlo ~,.rmin
Of ALL Thin s...
.,... iyMo tyoQ ...
(Ed. Note: For weeks Carl Petersen has been pester-
ing Mr. Q. to let him write a guest column, knowing
that the readers of this space are of the higher in-
tellectual level. Being fully aware of Mr. Petersen's
favorite subject, Mr. Q. had always been afraid that
he would spout something about Hamlet or the
beauty of the Danish countryside, and so was reluc-
tant to trust the column to him, but today he has
promised to talk about "The Grapes of Wrath," so
without further delay, here is Carl Petersen.)
THE GRAPES OF WRATH is the story of a
gentle people. It is a saga of their struggle
to hold fast to the things they value in the face
of a society that is callous and hardened, after
many years, to the sight of human want. The
Joads aren't looking for riches, wealth or honor.
All they want is to be together, to live and work
in peace as the generations of Joads before them
did. But this is the America of the late '30's
when such homely values were swallowed up
in the collape of an economic system that these
little people could not understand. The Joads
knew the meaning of the soil, the harvest, thl1
winds that fan the flat Oklahoma plains, the
undemonstrative love they had for one another.
They did not know the meaning of the "cats"
that tore down their fences, uprooted their
fields, and crushed their modest homes. But
they learned, and learned hard.
They turned their eyes to the West, the land
of opportunity. Their essential optimism would
not be denied. They started the long, hard trek.
The older ones died, the weaker lost spirit, but
the strong, the hope of America, kept on. They
found California in the throes of the same crisis
that had hit Oklahoma. And they learned to
their sorrow that that crisis had made brutes
of men. They learned that the days when the
Joads could live in peace on their little plot of
land were gone, and that before they could ever
hope for such peace again they would have to
fight, fight for what they believed . in or be
sucked down into an endless whirl of people
without homes, without values, without peace.
TOM JOAD had seen too much of "man's in-
humanity to man" to think he would not have
to fight for what he believed. He knew that
there would be no place for the gentlepeople
unless they fought for it. Precisely how or
when he would have to fight he didn't know-
he would "jest scrounge around and try to find
out what's wrong, and then do something about
it." That's what we're trying to do.
An American Anachronism
When we got into the theatre last night
after waiting in line for an hour and almost
getting our ribs crushed in the crowd, we no-
ticed a significant fact. At first the theatre
was noisy. The crowd rustled and talked its
way through the news reel and the short sub-
jects like any Friday night theatre crowd out
to have a good time. But when the first scene
of Tom Joad stalking through a desolate high-
way intersection flashed on the screen the au-
dience quieted almost immediately. It was silent,
a silence of concentration that was not broken
except for the occasional lighter sequences. It
was a sincere tribute to the mastery with which
the picture was made.
THAT was our first impression. Before the pic-
ture was ten minutes old we realized that
here was an anachronism of American motion
pictures-that out of the thousands of reels of
tripe that Hollywood sends out each year here
was one motion picture that deserved the name
of art. John Ford's direction was superb. One
of the concluding lines of the picture, spoken
by Maw Joad, is, "We are the people." Toward
this line Ford (and Steinbeck) directed the
whole effect of the picture. Even the comic
scenes have a refreshing naturalness that makes
this a real drama of the people. The unusual
use of lighting and camera angles in photog-
raphy, the stark reality of roadside scenes, of
tourist camps, of cities, the excellent charac-
terization and fine performances put in by the
principals make it a milestone on the road of
motion picture progress.
Finally, our hat is off to Darrell Zanuck for
having courage to produce The Grapes of Wrath,
to tell the American people in such uncompro-
mising terms of the sordid, harsh realities of
American life that most of us are inclined to
forget. It is through such pictures as The
Grapes of Wrath that we begin to appreciate
Hollywood's potentialities as an artistic force
in American life.
Sunday With CBS
3 P.M.-Joseph Schuster, first cellist of New
York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, is so-,
loist with it, John Barbirolii conducting, at Car-
negie Hall. Another member of the orchestra,
Zoltan Kurthy, first violist, is among the com-
posers listed for the performance. Deems Taylor,
Puszta: a Symphonic Rhapsody .......Kurthy
Symphony No. 4, in D minor ...... Schumann
Concerto in B flat major for Cello,
Op. 34 ......................... Boccherini
9 to 10 P.M.-Jose Iturbi, pianist, is soloist of
Ford Sunday Evening Hour, Eugene Ormandy
conducting the symphony orchestra and chorus.
W. J. Cameron, speaker.
Overture to "La Gazza Ladra" (or-
chestra) .......................... Rossini
Finale from Piano Concerto in G
minor ........................ Mendelssohn
"The Storm Breaks"
FREDERICK T. BIRCHALL sums up his jour-
nalistic experiences in Europe during the
last eight years by saying that he has had "a
front seat at the greatest show in history-the
spectacle of a changing world." His vivid book
about those experiences, "The Storm Breaks,"*
might be summed up as a reader's pass to an-
other front seat to witness in retrospect the
gradually developing drama the denouement of
which we now await.
When Mr. Birchall went to Europe in 1932 as
chief European correspondent of The New York
Times, democracy was still dominant and the
League of Nations was still the world's hope
of peace. When he left Europe in 1939 the
League of Nations was dead and democracy
was fighting for its life.
It is the dramatic intervening years, during
which Nazi ruthlessness came into full bloom,
that Mr. Birchall writes about, with the author-
ity of an eyewitness and the intimate knowledge
of an outstanding journalist whose years of
editorial experience provided pan exceptional
* * *
As readers of this newspaper know al-
ready, many of the major events in Europe
during this period, from the futile Disarma-
ment Conference in Geneva in 1932 to the
outbreak of the present war, happened near
enough to Mr. Birchal's spectacles to give
him a full and understanding view. Nor
is it news that his dispatches won him a
Pulitzer Prize in 1934.
Early in his book Mr. Birchall points out
that it contains neither secrets nor "politi-
cal sensations hitherto withheld from public
ken," for "he would be a dishonest journalist
and therefore unworthy of credence who
withheld from his daily stint, for later pub-
lication to his greater profit, any matters
worthy of publication."
Yet the book does contain something that
could not have been put into daily news dis-
patches-the dramatic .effect of mounting
climax as events, seen in retrospect, take
their places in the large historical pattern.
By condensing the events of years Mr. Bir-
chall enables us to follow their sequence
more easily and to appreciate their eventual
significance, which at the time could not
always be determined.
On the whole, Mr. Birchall believes that Ger-
many was happy under the republic. It seemed
in 1932 that the only obstacles to European peace
and prosperity were the depression and the
gradually increasing militarism. Berlin was a
joyous place, with freedom that had never been
enjoyed under the Kaiser.
Germany, however, never thoroughly under-
stood the democratic systemtand never became
accustomed to parliamentary government.
"There was something about the German voter,
when left without orders, which made him dis-
agree with everybody but himself.".,.,
Germany had some thirty-odd recognized po-
litical parties, with the "wonderful organization
and clever propaganda" of the Nazis increasing
their membership daily. Mr. Birchell believes
that the German Republic was the victim of the
country's "inherent political bitterness."
Certainly, a major contributing cause was
the fact that the German population "in
mass was then and still is very much as Hin-
denburg was-massive strong, 'good-natur-
ed, quite honest and tremendously stupid-
easy mark for a slick swindler." More than
any one else in German public life Von
Papen, who persuaded Hindenburg to make
Hitler Chancellor, was responsible for the
Nazis' rise to power.
The German people are obedient and will
fight if they must, but they do not want
war; "they hate it, as do other peoples, and,
given the chance, they will avoid it and bless
him who can show them the way out." If,
however, the German cause should be suc-
cessful, they would cheer Hitler-as long as
he was the winner.
Economic pressure within Germany under the
Nazi regime may have had its share in precipi-
tating the war. Nazi economy is a "bottomless
hole." Rigorous measures, amounting actually
to confiscation and robbery, have been neces-
sary to finance the government. Another infla-
tion is something to which the German people'
would not submit, even from the Nazis. Spol-
iation of the Jews has turned billions into Nazi
coffers, which have been further replenished
with Austrian and Czecho-Slovak loot. Was it
the urgent need of further spoils that sent the
German Army crashing into Poland?
To stop Hitler at Munich, Mr. Birchall be-
lieves, was beyond the power of Britain and
France. "There was a 'crime' and it was com-
pleted at Munich. But it antedated Munich, and
Chamberlain and Daladier were not the only
representatives of democracy responsible for it.
The crime was in the long neglect of prepara-
tions to meet the aggressions for which Hitler's
new Reich had been openly getting ready. It
was a crime of misfeasance, of neglected duties
and lost opportunities."
To his history of the war's approach, Mr.
Birchall appends a brief chapter on its out-
come. Though economically bankrupt, Ger-
many, he believes, is far more formidable
militarily than in 1914. He fears that it will
be a long time before this war reaches a de-
cision. "The end may come from sheer ex-
haustion because human beings will no
longer endure its horrors." In the long run,
he believes, democracy will be victorious.
"The task of reconstruction, doubtless,
will involve the sacrifice "of a reasonable
amount of nationalism" to the cause of col-
Iective seurity. Tha e+c-a. ,rl. nau
Dk e w P e rs o 'i ,,..
WASHINGTON - Nazidom gave
the world a new word in the terri-
fying expression "blitzkrieg", or
"lightning war". And as the inside
story of Roosevelt's sudden decision
to send Under Secretary of State
Sumner Welles to Europe gradually
emerges, it appears certain that it
will go down in history as an effort
at a "blitzpeace".
It will be recalled that the Pres-
ident announced the Welles trip on
a Friday morning. Secretary Hull
immediately thereafter issued a
statement of his own that he had
begun conversations with "neutral
governments" on the problems of
trade and disarmament sure to fol-
low the war. There was no indication
who the "neutrals" were and the
inquiries of mystified newsmen were
met with a wall of silence which has
continued to this day.
The reason no names were given
out was that the "conversations"
had begun only that morning, and
the only neutral contacted was Ar-
gentina. The manner in which this
was done is revealing of the "blitz"
character of the whole peace ven-
Argentine Ambassodor Espil had
an appointment that morning with
Sumner Welles. When Espil arrived,
Welles said nothing about going to
Europe, but talked about the desir-
ability of a united neutral front after
peace was restored.
ESPIL LISTENED attentively but
was much puzzled. The time was
most peculiar to broach such a sub-
ject, since Argentine Foreign Minis-
ter Jose Cantillo was .absent from
Buenos Aires on a holiday and Espil
himself was about . to leave Wash-
Welles knew all this, yet he talked
at length and with great seriousness
about a plan for a concerted move
by the neutrals. It is now clear that
the sole reason for it was to give at
least that much substance to Hull's
statement that "conversations" had
When the neutral diplomats com-.
pared notes the day after Hull's an-
nouncement, they were completely
baffled. None of them had been ap-
proached, and they couldn't figure
out whether Hull was kidding them
or the American public. Not until
a fortnight later was the puzzle clear-
Only then did they learn from
their home governments that Hull
had sent them a circular cable
marked "strictly confidential", di-
rectly after he issued his press state-
ment that he had begun conversa-
tions with neutral powers on post
IF President Roosevelt doesn't run
foraa third term, his secretary,
General Erwin ("Pa") Watson, is
going to be $350 out of pocket.
Just before his boss left on his
fishing cruise, Watson was doing his
best to entertain a group of Con-
gressmen and government officials
who, because of a mixup in the ap-
pointment schedule, had been wait-
ing overtime to see Roosevelt. The
conversation dragged through the
weather, the war in Europe, and fi-
nally one of the callers shot at Wat-
"General, you're close to the Pres-
ident. Tell us, is he going to run for
a third term?"
"Well, it's going to cost me $350
if he doesn't," beamed the genial
Watson. "Just between us boys I've
bet a friend that amount that the
President will be nominated and that
he will accept."
You could have heard a pin drop
as the group digested this choice bit
of inside information.
"Well, General , you sure must
know something," remarked the im-
Watson hesitated, then grinned
broadly and drawled, "Now boys,
don't get me all wrong. I haven't
any inside dope. I'm just operating
on a hunch."
DESPITE all the furor about econ-
omy and budget slashing on Cap-
itol Hill, the ancient practice of nep-
otism flourishes there as merrily as
Last year, after hacking a large
chunk out of the relief appropria-
tion, Congress, on the aggrieved plea
that it was overworked and didn't
have enough clerical help, voted an
additional $1,500 per member for
this purpose. Many members have
used the money for clerical hire, but
to others it has just been a juicy
Since the session convened in Jan-
uary, the names of relatives have
popped up on the enlarged congres-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
Near East." All interested are invit-
Zoology Seminar: Mr. Everett T.
Erickson will report on -The Differ-
entiation of the Gonads and Acces-
sory Ducts and Glands or their Prim-
ordia under the Influence of the Sex
Hormones of Normal Adults" and
Miss Kathleet L. Hussey on "Devel-
opment of the Excretory System in
Digenetic Trematodes" on Thursday,
March 7, at 7:30 p.m. in the Ampi-'
theatre of the Rackham Building.
Junior Research Club: The March
meeting will be held on Tuesday,
March 5, at 7:30 p.m., in the amphi-
theatre, third floor, of the Horace H.
Rackham School of Graduate Studies.
Associate Professor W. J. Nungester,
Department of Bacteriology, will
speak on "Problems Involved in the
Treatment of Infections with Im-
mune Serum," and Associate Profes-
sor E. J. Ash, Department of Metal
Processing, will speak on "Centrifug-
ally Cast Cannon."
Botanical Seminar will meet Wed-
nesday, March 6, at 4:30 p.m. Room
1139 N.S. Bldg. Paper by E. B. Mains
-"Photographing Plants in Color."
Graduate Education Club will hold
an open meeting in the University
High School Auditorium on Tuesday,
March 4, at 4:15 p.m. Significant
issues raised at the recent meeting
of the American Association of School
Administrators at St. Louis will be
discussed. Speakers: Supt. 0. W.
Haisley of Ann Arbor, Professor Ra-
leigh Schorling, Dean Edmonson, Dr.
Carrothers and other staff members.
Forum on Latin American prob-
lems, sponsored by the Foreign Rela-
tions Commission of the Michigan
Anti-War Committee, will be held in
the small ballroom of the Michigan
Union Tuesday, March 5, at 8:00 p.m.
Prof. Arthur S. Aiton will speak; and
Professors Preston E. James, Julio del
Toro and Dudley M. Phelps will assist
in the discussion. All students in-
Deutscher Verein: Dean Edward
H. Kraus will present the illustrated
lecture, "Wie Schmucksteinschleifer
'von Idar-Oberstein," on Tuesday,
March 5 at 8:15 in the Union. Re-
freshments will be served at the close
of the evening.
Association Forum: Dean Erich A.
Walter will lead a discussion of the
lecture on "The Existence and Nature
of Religion', by Professor Horton,
Lane Hall, 8:00 p.m., Tuesday.
Cercle Francais meeting on Mon-
day, March 4, at 7:30 p.m. in 408
Eastern Inspection Trip-Eta Kap-
pa Nu: To aid interested students in
consulting their families concerning
the Eastern Inspection Trip planned
for Spring Vacation, an outline of
the trip and a map of the route may
be obtained from desks near the En-
gineering Library and opposite the
Secretary's office today.
Students intending to make the trip
must decide by Sunday, March 10,
and make a $5.00 deposit at the meet-
ing at 5:00 p.m. at the Union on
that date. ,
Tau Beta P1 dinner meeting Tues-
day, March 5, Michigan Union, 6:00
All Engineering Smoker is to be
held Tuesday, March 5, at 7:30 p.m.
in the main ballroom of the Michigan
Union. Colored motion pictures. Re-
freshments. All students and faculty
of the Engineering College are invit-
Fellowship of Reconciliation meet-
ing Monday evening, 7 p.m. at Lane
Hall. Casimir Sojka will talk about
the Catholic Worker movement.
Acolytes Meeting, Monday, March
4, Rackham Building, 7:30 p.m. Pro-
fessor C. H. Langford will read a
Athena, honorary speech society,
is having tryouts again on Thursday,
March 7, 4:00-6:00 p.m. in the
League. Those unable to attend the
previous one are welcome. For fur-
ther information call Jane Sapp at
The Women's Research Club will
jamin Jarrett of Pennsylvania,
who lists his son in the Congres-
sional Directory as "Fred Jar-
Mary L. Fenton daughter of
Rep. Ivor Fenton, a Pennsylvania
first-termer who violently assail-
ed the WPA in his electioneering.
Charlotte King. daughter of
meet on Monday, March 4, at 7:30
p.m., in the West Lecture Room of
the Rackham Building. Prof. Bessie
L. Whitaker will speak on "Variant
fusure of sensory .omponents on re-
conditioning in speech reading."
Lobby Hobbyists Meeting: Prof.
John Muyskens of the Speech De-
partment will speak on "Hobbies In a
Turmoil," Tuesday, March 5, at the
Michigan Union, Room 325, at 8:00
Second All-Campus Bridge Tourna-
ment on Tuesday. March 5, at the
Michigan Union in the Glee Club
Room at 7:30.
The Monday Evening Drama Sec-
tion of the Faculty Women's Club
will meet in the Michigan Union on
Monday evening, March 4, at 7:30.
Faculty Women's Club: The play
reading section will meet on Tuesday
afternoon, March 5, at 2:15 in the
Mary B. Henderson Room of the
Student Evangelical Chapel Serv-
ices on Sunday will be conducted by
the Rev. James Daane of Grand Rap-
ids. Morning worship at 10:30 a.m.
and evening service at 7:30 p.m. in
the Michigan League. All students
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church.
Sunday: 8:00 a.m. Holy Communion.
11:00 a.m. Holy Communion and
Sermon by the Reverend Henry Lew-
11:00 a.m. Junior Church; 11:00
a.m, Kindergarten, Harris Hall.
7:00 p.m. College Work Program,
Harris Hall, "The Significance of
Jesus' Life," by Mr. E. WM. Muehl,
8:00 p.m. Adult Confirmation class.
Unitarian Church: 11 am. "Educa-
tion Versus Wisdom," parable of a
Ph.D., by Rev. Marley.
7:30 p.m. Student Round Table
discussion: "A Conversation About
Jesus" by a Jew and a Christian, Dr.
Isaac Rabinowitz, Hillel Foundation,
and Rev. Frederick Leech, St. An-
First Congregational Church: 10:00
a.m. Symposium on "Religious Be-
liefs." "Why I am a Christian Scien-
tist," by Mr. Lyman S. Abbott of
10:45. Dr. L. A. Parr will preach on
the Lenten sermon theme, "The Faith
We Declare--That Man Is Not Lost."
6:00 p.m. Student Fellowship sup-
per, followed by an address by Dr. Le-
Roy Waterman on "Religious Handi-
caps." The Disciples Guild of the
Church of Christ will be the guests
of the Fellowship,
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m. "When Do We Take Charge" will
be the subject of the sermon by Dr.
W. P. Lemon.
5:30 p.m. Westminster Student
Guild will meet for supper and fellow-
ship hour. At 7 o'clock Dr. Edward
W. Blakeman will speak to the group
on "What Do I Believe About God?"
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Sunday service at 10:30 a.m. Subject:
"Christ Jesus." Sunday School at
First Baptist Church: 9:30 a.m.
Graduate Bible Class, Prof. LeRoy
10:45 a.m. Communion Service:
Meditation, "All of Ye Drink It."
12:00 a.m. Student Round Table
discussion topic, "What Can We Be-
lieve About War?"
6:15 p.m. Roger William's Guild in
the Guild House, 503E. Huron. Dr.
Chas. W. Brashares will be the speak-
Trinity Lutheran Church: Worship
services at 10:30 a.m. Sermon by
Reverend H. 0. Yoder: "The Living
Bread From Heaven."
Zion Lutheran Church: Worship
services at 10:30 a.m. Reverend E. C.
Stellhorn will deliver the sermon.
First Methodist Church: Morning
Worship at 10:40 a.m. Dr. Charles
W. Brashares will preach on "Chris-
tianity-Racket or Reality."
Stalker Hall: Student Class at 9:45
a.m. at Stalker Hall. Prof. Wesley
Maurer will lead the discussion on
"The Religious Man in the Modern
World." Wesleyan Guild Meeting at
6 p.m. at the Methodist Church.
Supper at 6:00 followed by discussion
Bethlehem Evangelical Church:
10:30 a.m. Morning Worship. Sermon
topic: "The Limitations of Life." 6:00
p.m. Student Supper and Discussion
Hour. Topic: "Marriage."