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January 29, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-01-29

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Weather
The last quarter - and It's
getting colder.

Sir 4b

Iat

Editorial
Worrying
About Final ,

t

{

VO. XLIX. No. 93 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JAN. 29, 1939

PRICE #lVE CENTS

Refugee Horde
Forced Across
French Border

Former Presidential Aide
Says FDR May Run Again,

Congress Puts
New Relief Bill

By Rebel Push
Loyalist Soldiers, Civilians
Overrun French Border
As Franco 'Takes Over'
Insurgents Control
Most Of Catalonia
BARCELONA, Jan. 2-(P)-Insur-
gent forces bent on conquest of the
last corner of Catalonia reported to-
night they had captured Arenys De
Mar, coastal anchor of the Govern-
ment's new line, almost without fir-
ing a shot. Arenys De Mar is 20
miles northeast of Barcelona.
Insurgents said the Government
opposition could be called. genuine
military resistance only by courtesy.
'They said the Catalonian defense
actually had collapsed with the fall
of Barcelona on Thursday, the Gov-
ernment's greatest civil war defeat.
A week ago the Government was
holding what was considered to be a
strong defensive line 25 miles west
and south of Barcelona. It caved in
Sunday.
Loyalists Retreat
The Government troops retreated
so fast in many sectors, the Insur-
gents said, that Generalissimo Fran-
co's advance guards were unable to
keep in contact with theirenemy.
Apparently the greatest Insurgent
pressure was on the Government's
coastal flank. The communications
center, Granollers, 15 miles west of
Arenys De Mar, was said to have
been more than half encircled..
To the west and northwest the
story was much thetsame, although
the Insurgents acknowledged there
was some resistance deep inland
where the defense line curved to the
north through the Pyrenees to the
French border.
The Government army was equal
in numbers to the Insurgents-about
300,000 men-but, lacking arms and
ammunition, it was being rolled back
toward France;.
Ref ugees Are Jeanguaid
Of More Than Mllon .
PERPIGNAN, France, (Near theI
Spanish Frontier) Jan. 28 -(P)--
Thousands of panic-stricken, hunger-
crazed Spanish refugees stumbled
across the French frontier today flee-1
ing before an Insurgent army sweep-
ing northward through Catalonia al-
most without opposition,.
These thousands, however, were
only a pitiful vanguard of a hordeI
estimated by Spanish Government
authorities at almost one million who
were being pushed toward the fron-
tier by the Insurgent advance.-
For them it was the end of a week
of tortured flight from homes smashed
In the Civil War-end of a week
which had seen the Government's
resistance collapse with an almost
unbelievable suddenness after two#
and a half years of wArfare.
Mass Migration
One of the greatest mass migra-
tions of history was under way.
Border authorities at Le Perthus
dropped the chain across a gateway1
through the Pyrenees mountains, ad-t
mittingthrongs into France. Sobbing1
with relief, hundreds of women and1
children and old men hurled them-
selves on the border guards.
Many collapsed in the snow, hudd-
ling together against the sides of<
buildings to protect their scantily-
clad bodies from a biting wind. They
were too weary to eat, too hungry
to sleep.
Others grabbed feverishly at great
chunks of bread handed out by emer-
gency relief kitchens and gnawed
at them ravenously. Most of them
had not eaten for two and three days.
There were a few mothers carrying!

babies which had been born along
the roadside while great guns roared
in the distance and warplanes
dropped their loads of bombs nearby.t
There were young Catalonian girls
prematurely aged, their tattered ragsl
smeared with freezing mud.I
10,000 Cross LineC
An estimated 10,000 crossed theI
frontier today. About half were "legal"'
refugees passed by the French borderi
control machinery. The others crossed
the frontier along smugglers' trailsi
in the snow-covered Pyrenees throughz
the 6,000-foot high pass, Prat DeI
Molo, 25 miles west of Le Perthus.
French authorities rushed between
4,000 and 5,000 troops to the border

Stanley High, Here Yesterday For Short Stay, SelectsIn Conference
Harry Hopkins As Second Choice If WPA
'Scandals' Can Be Lived Down Little Possibility Remains
To Add -$1.54,000,000

By RICHARD HARMEL
President Roosevelt will become a
candidate for reelection in 1940 if
the nation is embroiled in war, a
serious economic crack-up occurs or
the conservative Democrat bloc shows
signs of controlling the national party
convention, Stanley High, former ad-
visor to the President and noted
author-commentator, stated in an
interview yesterday.
Mr. High, who was in Ann Arbor
yesterday, declared that if President
Roosevelt did not run, Secretary of
Commerce Harry Hopkins, would be
his choice. The Presideft was so in-
,sistent about Mr. Hopkins' appoint-
ment, Mr. High believed, because
he hopes that as Secretary of Com-
merce he will live down the WPA
"scandals" and win the friendship
of business men.
The conservative Democrats, Mr.
High said, will suggest as their nomi-
nees either Sen.gBennett Champ
Clark of Missouri, Vice President
John Nance Garner br Secretary of
State Cordell Hull.
Mr. High is at present working on
an article about the "economically
underprivileged college students" for
the Saturday EveningPost. He came
here yesterday for the purpose of
interviewing students working their
way through college and to investi-
gate the cooperative housing move-
ment which he calls "a great piece
of work."
In his study Mr. High 'has dis-
World Awaits
Hitler's Speech
On Anniversary
Expect Fuehrer To Adopt
Attitude Of Conciliation
Toward United States
BERLIN, Jan. 28.-(AP)-Chancel-
for Hitler, celebrating six years of
victory and surrounded by Nazi pa-
geantry, on Monday will tell a wait-
ing world from the Reichstag rostrum
where Germany stands in the stub-
born European struggle for power.
Hitler will speak at 8 p.m., (2 p.m.,
EST) in the red-draped, flag be-
decked Kroll Opera House. At 11
p.m., he will review from his Chan-
cellary balcony a repetition of a
torchlight parade staged by the Nazis
on their hour of victory Jan.30, 1933.
It is taken as almost certainty that
Hitler in his review, of six years of
Nazi success will refer to the strained
relations between Germany and the
United States. If indications run
true, there will be conciliatory pas
sages in this reference.
Important parts of the speech are
expected to be devoted to Germany's
support of Italy's clamor for "justice"
in Africa, to the victorious march of
the Spanish Insurgents, and to the
attitude of the French government in
its refusal to open French frontiers
to aid the Barcelona Government,
which was closely observed here.
Befitting the occasion, the first
greater Germany Reichstag of 855
deputies-the largest in German his-
tory-will meet in the Kroll Opera
House.
This Reichstag will include depu-
ties from the annexed Austria and
Sudetenland and will be the first
session since the elections held last
April 10 after Austria was joined to
Germany.

covered that "not all the younger
generation has gone soft and flabby,
but that young people are discovering
what life really is and are not letting
it lick them."
The 150,000,000 slash in WPA funds
is not as serious a blow to the,Admin-
istration as Republicans believe, Mr.
High pointed out.
He explained that the Senate bill
contains a clause declaring that if
the '$725,000,000 appropriated is not
enough, the President may ask for
more. This cannot be too strongly
emphasized, Mr. High declared, for
if the need arises, and the President
can prove additional money is neces-
sary, it will be appropriated.
Advocates of the transfer of relief
administration to local and state
governments are oblivious of the un-
scrupulous activities of local poli-
ticians during the election year.
These activities were responsible for
the present WPA shortage he said.
In 1938, he explained, production in-
dices were rising. The normal re-
action of the WPA would be a decline
in its employment rolls, but, Mr.
High remarked, WPA employment
rose. The blame for the extra drain
on WPA resources can be laid at the
feet of local politicians, he continued,
because there was at no time any evi-'
dence of major corruption in the
federal administration of funds.
On being questioned about the
fate of the Spanish embargo, Mr.
SContinued on Page 8)

' Which Both Houses Cut
Representatives Hit
StipulationOn WPA
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28-1)-The
Senate gave final approval to the
$725,000,000 Emergency Relief Bill
late today after writing into it broad
restrictions against use of any Fed-
eral funds for political purposes.
The measure now goes back to the
House for consideration of these re-
strictions and other amendments.
Whatever reception the Senate
changes may get there, Administra-
tion forces will have no opportunity
to try again to raise the appropria-
tion to the $875,000,000 asked by
President Roosevelt.
Cannot Be Changed
Since both House and Senate ap-
proved a figure $150,000,000 lower
than Mr. Roosevelt asked, the amount
cannot, under Congressional rules,
be changed by the Committee of
Senators and Representatives which
probably will be appointed to com-
promise the differences between the
versions of the measure approved
by each body.
With this major issue already
settled, the Senate dispensed with a
roll call on final passage of the bill.
A resounding chorus of "ayes" was
answered by a few scattering "noes."
The most important addition the
Senate made to the House bill-be-
sides the restrictions against using
Federal funds for political purposes
-was a provision that WPA rolls may
not be reduced from their present
levels by more than 5 per cent dur-
ing February and March.
Another Appropriation
The $725,000,000 appropriation is
intended to run WPA from Feb. 7
through June 30, but the Senate, in
connection with the restriction on
immediate cuts in WPA employment,
left the way open for another appro-
priation by saying President Roose-
velt should advise Congress if it be-
came apparent the fund would not be
sufficient to meet actual needs in the
Spring months.
There were indications thie House
would be agreeable to this Senate pro-
vision. Southern Representatives, are
expected to balk, however, at the
Senate's removal of a House limit on
sectional WPA wage-rate differences.'
Mentuhin Plays
H ere Feb. 15'
At auditorium

I

Local Churches
Off er Varied
Services Today:
Informal "Fireside Hours,
Open Houses Replace
Usual Group Pro grains
Campus churches are offering the
usual morning worship services and
musical programs with student groups
substituting informal discussion ire-
side hours and open house for the
usual planned programs.
The Rev. W. R. Shaw, minister of
the First Baptist Church in Ypsilan-
ti, will be the guest preacher speak-
ing at the First Baptist church at
10:45 a.m. on the topic, "Lord, Show!
Us the Father." "Reverend Shaw is:
well known for his tactful and pro-
gressive leadership activities in the
building and dedication of the new
church in Ypsilanti and is considered
one of the outstanding men affiliat-
ed with the First Baptist church,"
said Dr. Howard R. Chapman,
University pastor.
Let sterhper '39. who was chos-

Chilean Quake
Fatalities Total
Nearly 24,000
Bodies Buried By Debris
Constitute Grave Health
Menace,_Officials Hold
Evacuation Of Worst
Hit Cities Ordered
SANTIAGO, Chile, Jan. 28-()-
Chilean officials said a toll of at
least 24,000 dead was indicated to-
day by advices from the south cen-
tral region devastated by the na-
tion's worst earthquake disaster Tues-
day night.
An estimate of 20,000 dead in Chil-
lan alone, half the city's population'.
"would be conservative," officials
said on receiving reports by courier
from military authorities who took
over control of the Andean foothill
city 220 miles south of Santiago.
Dispatches from the quake area
estimated the dead of other cities as
follows: Concepcion, 2,000; Cau-
quenes, 1,500; Parral, 500.
Most still were buried under tons
of debris, constituting a grave health
menace. Some sources said dynamit-
ing the ruins and mass cremation of
the bodies were the only means of
preventing epidemics.
Volcano Active
While every available relief work-
er labored to aid the survivors, un-
confirmed radio reports said Llaimo
Volcano, 150 miles south of Chill,
had sprung into activty. The 10,037-
foot peak is in a sparsely inhabited
region near the Argentine frontier.
Evacuation of the cities which suf-
fered the most from Tuesday's earth-
quake was ordered. The most serious-
ly injured were taken to nearby
cities in planes, autos or ox-drawn
carts while others were removed
aboard the British cruisers Exeter
and Ajax from the Concepcion-Tal-
cahuano region.
In Cauquenes, where only five of
the 6,500 inhabitants' houses were
left intact, all workmen were con-
scripted to move debris and within a
few hours 200 bodies had been recov-
ered. Most of the rich wine-growing
region's storage vaults were de-
stroyed at a time when a new crop
of grapes is almost ready for har-
vesting.
Banks Open
In the important industrial city of
Concepcion banks reopened for limit-
ed business, but the main activity was
that of relief' workers.
President Pedro Aguirre Verda r-
turned to Santiago from a tour of
the quake area and prepared to call
a special session of Congress to ap-
prove emergency relief measures.
While church bells tolled during'
services in memory of the victims,
residents of Santiago prepared to re-
ceive 3,000 orphans from the quake
zone.
Travel south of the capital was
limited strictly to those on relief mis-
sions and all planes taking supplies
were ordered to bring back a full
load of injured victims.
Independents Plan
J-Hop Breakfast
Independent men will hold their
traditional J-Hop breakfast this year
at 3:45 a.n. Thursday, Feb. 11, in the
Main Dining Room of the Union,
Phil Westbrook, '40, Congress execu-
tive, announced yesterday.
Reservations for the breakfast
which will follow the Hop must be
given Bud Cox, '41, by Tuesday. Cox,

whose phone number is 6553, and
Sam Bruni, '41, are in charge. 3
The dining room will be reserved
for independents who place reserva-
tions, and tables will be reserved
separately for private parties.

Roosevelt's

Protest

I.I
Novy Inspired
Sinlair Lewis
In Arrowsmith
Author Says 'One Noble
Character' Is Based
On Former Dean
By FRED WARNER NEAL
'OMAHA, Neb., Jan. 28 (Special to
the Daily) -The career of Michigan's
Dr. Frederick G. Novy, dean-emeritus
of the Medical School, furnished the
patterp for what Sinclair Lewis calls
"the one really noble character I
have ever created." Max Gottlieb,
the learned, kindly medical professor
in "Arrowsmith."
Lewis, in Omaha a few days ago
with his new play, "Angela Is Twenty-
two." told in an interview how he
wrote "Arrowsmith" in collaboration
with one of Michigan's noted sons,
Dr. Paul DeKruif. The character
Martin Arrowsmith, hero of the
book, was based in part on DeKruif,
he said.
"But Max Gottlieb, the little Jewish
doctor," he continued, "was the one
really noble character I have ever
created. He was based largely on
what DeKruif told me of Dr. Novy.
I had never met Dr. Novy at the time
I wrote the book, but I have met him
since."
Lewis peered over at the reporter
and chuckled. "Put that down," he
directed. "Put down that a Jewish
doctor is ,the only noble character I
have created."
In the novel, Max Gott'lieb, a stu-
dent of Pasteur, is both a wise teach-
er and a kindly friend to the groping
Arrowsmith. Dedicating his whole
life to medical research, he is the
antithesis of a stuffed shirt, a great
scientist and a great humanitarian
who allowed nothing to interfere with
his duty and what he thought was
good and right.
French CabInet
Debates Danger
Of Italian Spain
Conscription, Mobilization
Plans Under Discussion
As Possible Safeguards
PARIS, Jap. 28-(P)-The French
cabinet deliberated in secret today
on safeguards against complications
which might arise from the failure
of Italy to withdraw her troops from
Spain.I
Under discussion was a plan to
increase the two-year term of obliga-
tory army service by three months
and a new speedy mobilization sys-
tem. A carefully 'worded communique,
however, omitted all reference to mili-
tary measures.
Reports that veteran Italian "Ar-
row' divisions, which participated
in the capture of Barcelona, were in
the Insurgent cledn-up drive north
of the fallen Spanish government
capital came as a disturbing factor
in the day's developments.
The troops were not driving along
a direct highway toward France and
it is hoped they would not be brought
into close proximity of the French
border. .

Renovates Council In Move
To Strengthen Defense
And Thwart Dictators
States Democracies
Will Resist Fascists
BIRMINGHAM. Jan. 28 -(P)-
Prime Minister Chamberlain tonight
lined up with President Roosevelt
against any "demand to dominate the
world by forde" and told Europe's
dictators that "it is time now" that
they made a contribution to world
peace.
The Prnie Minister, speaking at
a home town dinner given by the
Birmingham Jewelers' Association
looked ahead to a critical week which
may show plainly whether the world
is moving toward war pr peace.
His only reference to Reichsfuehrer
Hitler was in a mentionof the British-
German peace declaration signed at
MunicW Sept. 30, the' day after
Czechoslovakia' was dismembered.
After noting the desire of British,
French, Italian and German peoples
to live at peace, the Prime Minister
added significantly:
"I do not exclude the possibility
that these feelings of the people hay
not always be shared by their gov-
ernments and I recognize that it is
with governments and not peoples.
that we have to deal."
Chamberlain acknowledged the
existence of widespread fears about
the intentions of Europe's totalitar-
ian leaders-fears which he said
"ought not to be allowed to persist.
"For peace could only be endan-
gered by such a challenge as was en-
visaged by the President of the Unit-
ed States in his New Year message,
namely, a demand to dominate the
world by force."4'
"That would be a demand which
as the President. indicated and I my-
self have already declared, the demo-
cracies must inevitably resist."
"But I cannot believe that any
such challenge is intended."
Chamberlain Places
New Men On Cabinet
LONDON, Jan. 28 --(IP)- Prime
Minister chamberlain injected new
blood into his cabinet today in posts
vital in Britain's defense program
amid increasing European anxiety
over the next moves of' Chancellor
Hitler and P'remier Mussolini.
Admiral of the Fleet Lord Chat-
field, who helped direct Britain's
Naval rearmament until his retire-
ment from the Navy last year, joined
the cabinet as minister for coordina-
tion of defense.
He replaced Sir Thomas Inksip,
who had held the post since it was
created March 13, 1936.
A retired farmer, Major Sir Regi-
nald Hugh Dorman-Smith, became
Minister of Agriculture to push a
vigorous farm program which, like
Lord Chatfield's new duties, is vital
in war preparations,
Factional Split
In UAW Widens
Two 'Presidents' To Speak
At MeetingToday
DETROIT, Jan. 28.- () -Two
"presidents" of the CIO United Auto-
mobile Workers, heads of factions
battling for control of the big indus-
trial unlion, arranged tonight sto
speak from the same platfcrm Sun-
day.
Homer Martin, the elected presi-
dent who has been "impeached" by
members of the executive board whom
he "suspended," and R. J. Thomas,
named to succeed him by the faction

recognized by the Congress of Indus-
trial Organizations, accepted invita-
tions to address a meeting of the De-
troit Chrysler Local No. 7.
Thomas is a former president of
the Chrysler local which has followed
a "middle-of-the-road" policy in pre-
vious disputes.
Frankensteen Flays
Labor Relations Bill

Chamberlain Backs

Against dictators

i-++:7vc~i Njl~l AI~l s, , W1VWs% la yMRIE.LNE
en president of the newly formed By MORTIMER LINDER
National Organization for Students A few weeks ago, Ann Arbor music
of the Church of Christ, Disciples will overs were thrilled by the marvelous
report on the work accomplished at technique and mellow touch of a mu-
that conference at the meeting of the sical prodigy now rounding out his
Disciples Guild at 6:30 p.m. An in- 55th year of piano presentations-
formal discussion period will follow Josef Hofmann.
Mr. Sperberg's talk. On Wednesday, Feb. 15, another
"Religion Between Sundays," is the prodigy; whose career gives every in-
(Continuedon Page 3) dication of being as great, will be
(Continuedobrought to Hill Auditorium by the
With this issue the Daily sus- Choral Union as their eighth pro-
Wits thiaisue teaily s- 4 gram of the season. Frequently called
pends publication until Feb. 14, the "world's supreme violinist," Ye-
except for the annual J-Hop issue hudi Mnuhin, now 22, has already
which will appear the night of . had personal triumph and virtuoso'
Hop and the morning following success enough for an artist at the
complete with pictures of the great finish of his career.
event. In 1928, Yehudi, then 11, small and'
pudgy with low bangs of blond hair,
came out on the stage of Carnegie
Hall, tucked his small violin underl
Lpens Friday; his chin and stroked through a ren-
' dition of the Beethoven Concerto ac-'
companied by the New York Sym-
0 G3OOdW1i IlFund Iphony under the baton of Fritz Busch.
Since that time, his name has be-
come associated with great perfor-
the major portion going to a schol- mances in the leading music centers
arship fund to be administered by a of the world.
joint committee from the League Emerging from a two-year period
and Union. Checks will be issued of retirement and research, Menuhin
through the office of the Dean of last year officially ended his prodigy
Students, and any books not sold may days and entered upon the second
be picked up by their owners after cycle of his already brilliant career by
Feb. 17. playing a record-breaking tour of 741

Book Exchange 4
Prof its To Go 1
By ANN VICARY
The Michigan Book Exchange,
sponsored by the League and Union
Councils and managed by Douglas
Tracy, '40, opens at 1 p.m. Friday,
Feb. 3, in the North Lounge of the
Union.
During the first week, Feb. 3 to
Feb. 11, the Exchange will be open
in the afternoons until 5:30 p.m. to
receive books which students wish to
sell. The clerk takes the books, giv-
ing each one a number, and hands a
receipt bearing corresponding num-
bers, to the depositor.
A card bearing the name of the
student and the books he wishes to
sell is filed alphabetically, and as

border.

Local Boy Invited To Make Good
On Nation-Wide Hookup, Feb.

7

By ETHEL Q. NORBERG radio audience would like to turn the
Facing a barrage of questions sent tables on the experts, torment them
in by listeners all over the United with question, and' laugh at their
States, Myron L. Wallace, '39, will floundering replies. Under his plan,
act as guest authority on "Informa- listeners submit questions and the

Tile Book Exchange Committee,
composed of two members each from
the Union and League and one adult
representative each from the Dean of
Women's and the Dean of Students'
offices, acts as board in control, and
handles all discretionary matters.
A manager, cashier, and clerks have
been chosen, by the Committee, to be
paid at the rate of 50 cents, 45 cents

i
t
F

concerts.

French Peace Film
To Be Shown Here
The widely acclaimed French film
"Grand Illusion" will be brought to

tion Please" Tuesday, Feb. 7, over a
National Broadcasting Co. nation-
wide hookup.
Wallace wlil be the first of a series
of university students from all over
the United States to act as guest au-
thorities over this popular program
which originates in New York and is
heard locally over WXYZ. Michigan

highbrows try to answer them. The
submitters of all questions asked' are
given five dollars and those which
the authorities are unable to answer
receive 10 dollars in addition.
Radio leaders were dubious as to.
the success of such a highbrow pro-
gram, maintaining that you couldn't
raise any program above the 12-year-

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