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January 25, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-01-25

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Weather
Continued cold.

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Editorial
Two Minutes
For Democracy

/

VOL. XLIX. No. 89

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 25, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Chiefs Of CIO
Snub Martin;
Name Thomas
'Acting'_Head
Decision Is Made Public
In Detailed Statement
Of Two Vice-Presidents
Charge Violations
Of U.A.W. By-Laws
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24-()-The
CIO announced today its "complete
support and recognition" of the In-
ternational Executive Board of the
United Auto Workers Union and R.
J. Thomas, "acting president."
The CIO's support of the Board,
which represents a majority of the
Union leaders, who split with Inter-
national President Homer Martin,
was announced in a lengthy state-
ment issued by CIO Vice-Presidents
PhilipMurray and Sidney Hillman.
Murray and Hillman, in their
statement, said that last summer a
compromise agreement had been
reached to settle the factional dispute
for the UAW leadeship pending a
convention.
Martin Flouted UAW
Since execution of the compromise
settlement, t ,h e Murray-Hillman
statement said, "Mr. Martin has flag-
rantly flouted the provisions of the
constitution of the United Automo-
bile Workers of America.""
The statement added that Martin
had "refused to accept the decisions
of the Board and, has refused to
participate in its meetings."
^ artin's recent order suspending
15 immbers of his Board was de-
4crbed in the statement as a "direct
and flagrant violation" of the UAW
constitution.
The factonal struggle for control
of UAW was laidbefore top rank-
ing officers of the CIO in confer-
ence that lasted most of the day.
Martin tonight accused the CIO
o"trickery" and "unfair and un-
ethical tactics" after it- had an-
nounced support of his opponents in
the United Automobile Workers
Union factional war.
CIO Also Breaks With Martin
"The CIO, by this act, is completing
the job of pushing away from it an-
t other powerful union," Martin said.
"The International Ladies Garment
Workers Union left the CIO because
it, as a democratic union, could not
tolerate the dictatorship over labor
which the CIO proposed and sought
to carry out."
Martin accused Murray and Hill-
man of showing publicly "what their
secret attitude has been for a long
time" in the UAW squabble.
"They are living and acting true
to form," he said, "when they recog-
nize and deal with a dual union in
the automobile industry."
Foley To Discuss FHA
Finance Methods Here
Raymond M. Foley of Detroit, State
director of the Federal Housing Au-
thority, will discuss methods of fi-
nancing house construction under
the FHA, at a meeting sponsored by
The Ann Arbor Trust Co., at 8 p.m.
Thursday in the Union.
Mr. Foley has been director of the
FHA in Michigan since its inception
in 1934, when he succeeded George
Burke of Ann Arbor who filled the
office temporarily during the organ-
ization period.

House Hears Impeachment Motion
Against Labor Secretary Perkins

Formal Demand Includes
Immigration Head And
Labor Bureau Solicitor
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24-01)- A
formal demand in the House for the
impeachment of the first woman cab-
inet member brought from Secretary
of Labor Frances Perkins today a
request for "an immediate hearing."
An impeachment, aimed not only
at Miss Perkins' but also at James
L. Houghteling, immigration com-
missioner, and Gerald D. Reilly, labor
department solicitor, accused the trio
of "high crimes and misdemeanors
in failing to continue deportation pro-
ceedings against Harry Bridges, West'
Coast CIO leader.
Representative Thomas (Rep.-N.J.)
introduced the measure, which was
turned over to the House Judiciary
Committee.
In the background of the impeach-
ment action was a long-standing dis-
pute over the Bridges case between
Miss Perkins and the House Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities.
Thomas was a member of that com-
mittee.
Heecited testimony before the
Committee that Bridges was an. alien
and a Communist and contended that
the Communist party advocates over-
throw of the Government by force
and violence.
Federal law provides, he contend-
ed, that any alien who is a member
of such an organization must be de-
ported.
But, Miss Perkins said, the case

Barcelona Totters As Franco Army
Rolls Into OutskirtsAnd Rakes City
With Shells; Two Million Isolated

Britain And France Are Silent
In Face Of Barcelona's Peril

Victorious Insurgents Call Halt
Until Arrival Of Reinforcements
Reports State Population Is Breaking As Avenues Of
Escape Are Cut Off; Loyalists Threatened With
Severe Famine And Lack Of Ammunition

REPRESENTATIVE THOMAS
of Joseph Strecker, now pending in
the Supreme Court, involves the
question whether an alien member of
the Communist party is deportable
on a charge of "membership in an
organization advocating the over-
throw of the United States Govern-
ment by force and violence."
Until a decision is handed down,
he said, the Bridges and other cases
involving the same charge have been
postponed-"upon theadvice of the
propernlegal authorities of the Gov-
ernment."

Chamberlain Refuses Aid only would be fruitless but would have
To Lo lit I Finternational consequences.
To LoyalstsIn Form Chamberlain conferred today with
Of Embargo Concession war minister Leslie Hore-Belisha and
Home Secretary Sir Samuel Hoare.
LONDON, Jan. 24.-(IP)-As the Fresh diplomatic reports on the
Italian and German-backed forces of speed of German rearmament since
the peace of Munich depended of-
Francisco Franco thrust at Barcelona ficial worries that Insurgent success
tonight anxiety grew in British and would further Premier Mussolini's and
French Government quarters over Reichsfuehrer H i t1e r's expansion
what an Insurgent victory in Spain plans.
woul mea to ritsh ad Frnch One report credited Germany with
would mean to British and Frerpch boosting her armed strength by eight
interests. new divisions since the September
Prime Minister Chamberlain, while crisis in which she won Czecho-Slo-
having refused to summon Parlia- vakia's Sudetenland. This lacked con-
ment to consider the Spanish situa- firmation in Berlin, but the report
tion ahead of its scheduled meeting was regarded as, reliable in other
Tuesday, agreed to meet a deputation diplomatic quarters.
of labor leaders tonight to hear a new These reported eight divisions, five
plea for action to help the'Barcelona of which were said to be mechanized,
Government. would add some 100,000 men to the
Despite arguments of the opposition German army generally estimated at
and some conservatives that a Franco from 800,000 to 1,000,000 strong.
victory would be a serious threat to (On Nov. 29 the German press dis-
Britain and France, Chamberlain has closed the standing army had been
refused to relax the British noninter- (Continued on Page s)

Hockey Sextet
Meets Aggies
Here Tonighi
Wolverine Squad To Seek
Comeback After Losses
To Minnesota Last Week
Michigan's battered but riot dis-
heartened hockey sextet will have a
chance to right the wrongs theyI
showed in the Minnesota series when
they tangle with Ontario Aggies to-
night at the Coliseum. \
Although being held scoreless in
both of their games against the
Gophers the Wolverines brought out
the fact that what they lacked in
scoring ability they made up with a
fighting attitude throughout the
game.
Stronger Last Year
Last year with a much stronger
squad than the present team, Coach
Lowrey was able to eke out only a
3 to 1 victory aver the Aggies. How-
ever just as Michigan's squad was
'urt by graduation, and otherwise,
Ontario suffered in a similar man-
ner, so that tonight's contest will be
fought between two evenly balanced
sextets.,
Because of the drive he showed at
the defense position in the second
Minnesota game Coach Lowrey will
leave Bert Stodden in one of the back
positions while Larry Calvert will
Jake over the duties at the other de-
fense post.
James Makes Saves
As in the first Gopher contest
"Spike" James was forced to turn
away a good many pucks that should
have been taken care of by the Wol-
verine defense men. In every case.
James was able to stop the first shot
of the Gopher forwards but the re-
(Continued on Page 3)

Varsity Faces '
State Natators
At Pool Today
Michigan Swimmers Seek
Two World Records In
Added Relay Exhibition
Michigan's swimming team will
play, host to Michigan State and as
an added ehiibition, will try to break
world records for the mile in both
breast stroke and back stroke at 7:15
p.m. today at the Intramural Build-.
ing Pool.
The Spartans come here with an'
unenviable record. Their one hope is,
not to capture the meet, but to win
one event. That will be glory enough
for them.
Back in 1935, State won what Matt
Mann calls "a moral victory"' when
Bill Bell, swimming his first race
in collegiate competition, beat out
the long Michigan entrant, M ark Mc-
Carthy, in the 100-yard free style. It
was the first Spartan victory in any
event in a decade and in the inter-
vening three years even that has,
been denied them.
With a few exceptions, the Michi-
gan line-up will be the same as the
one that brought back a 42-42 tie'
with Ohio State last Friday night.
Ralph Pyzynski and Jim Wilkinson'
will perform off the low board in-
stead of Hal Benham and Adolph
Ferstenfeld. Blake Thaxter will
double in the 220- and 440- yard free
style for the first time, and Jack
Sherrill, six foot seven inches of
the tallest back stroker in collegiate
circles, will swim in his specialty.
Charley Barker, Bill Beebe and Bill'
Holmes, a trio of sophomores, should
manage to take pretty good care of
the sprints with either of the first
(Continued on Page :)

HENDAYE, France (At The Spanish Frontier), Jan. 24.-(1)-The first
of the three columns of Insurgent General Franco's army attacking Bar-
celona rolled its way to within a mile and a half of the city's center to-
night while Insurgent shells ripped into the Government capital.
The Insurgents' southern army on wheels, almost without firing a shot,
captured the Government airdrome at Prat De Llobregat, and then sped
along the coast to the suburbs of the Capital where it expected to halt until
the other armies could sweep across the coastal plans to cut the city off
completely.
The dash was made by General Juan Yague's Moroccan Corps which
earlier had been reported at Gava, seven miles away.
Within Barcelona proper, reports reaching the border said, the calm
of the refugee-choked city of 2,000,000 people was beginning to break as it
became apparent there was no means by which they could flee to the north.
These reports said all trains had stopped running. Only members of
the Government and a lucky few were able to obtain cars and trucks
4carry them out of range of the smash-
ing shell' fire from Insurgent guns
Garg Gets 'Personal' that had been pounding the city since
noon.
On 30th Anniversary The government'sdecision to move
northward to Gerona or Figueras, re-
"Without a doubt it will be the spectively 50 and 70 miles nearer the
most 'personal' Gargoyle in history," French border, was said to have start-
Max Hodge, '39, editor of the campus ed a mass trek of women, children
humor magazine, declared when and old men on foot.
questioned on the'thirtieth anniver- Roads Choked With Traffic
sary issue of the magazine. Simul- They were carrying their most pre..
taneously with the Gargoyle's cam- cious possessions on their backs or
pus sale, scheduled for this Thurs- trundling them in wheelbarrows.
day, Hodge stated, major news serv- Roads to the north were choked
ices will release for national distribu- with traffic that forced the footsore
tion exerpts frm Carolyn Ross's refugees off the highways. Every
scathing article, entitled "Why I Hate available vehicle had been taken over
Women."by the Government for the round-up
Included in this month's issue will I of all able-bodied men who had been
be a four-page satire on the Daily, pressed into service to build emer-
gency fortifications.
Other 'information reaching the
W eather H ere French frontier indicated the city's
hundreds of thousands faced a fam-
S Nt .i 7iil. ine.

vention policy.
Former British Foreign Secretary
Anthony Eden warned last night that
"if Franco wins his victory is a for-
eign victory."
In Rome the Fascist press, report-
ing Franco "at the gates of Barce-
lona," warned France against any
last-minute effort to save the Span-
ish government capital. The news-
papers said such intervention not
Fuller Terns
Co-operatives
'Middle Way'
Movement Can Aid Nation
Solve Social Problems
According To Professor
The cooperative movement seeks
to be the "middle way" between the
totalitarianism of the left and the
totalitarianism of the right, Prof.
Richard C. Fuller of the sociology
department said last night in the
lecture opening the Extension Ser-
vice's new non-credit cours: on "Con-
temporary Problems and the Cooper-
ative Movement."
"If cooperation successfully dis-
poses of the obstacles confronting it,"
Professor Fuller declared, "it should
help America solve its major social
problems in three ways." He pro-
phesied that it would aid by bring-
ing the American standard of living
within the reach of everyone, by ex-
tending the practice and principle of
democracy from the small local co-
operative to all aspects of our social
and economic life and by promoting
cooperation as an American state of
mind.
Economic insecurity, war, crime
and delinquency, health, social; and
religious prejudices, and marriage
and family disorganization are the
chief social problems, Professor Fuller
observed, which arouse the greatest
popular awareness today.
On Jan. 31, Robert R. Horner of
the economics department will de-
liver the second of the series of eight
lectures comprising the series. The
lectures are given at 8 p.m. each
Tuesday in Room 1035 Angell Hall.
More than 125 persons have enrolled
for the course.
Debate Series Ended
By SigmaRho Tau
After the final series of inter-circle
debates held by members of .Sigma
Rho Tau, engineering speech society,
at 9 p.m. yesterday in the Union,
Lewis E. Cascadden's, '39E, team re-
mained in the lead. In second place
was the group headed by Newton
Hagar, '40E, and third place was won

Venereal Tests"
Show Students
Have Lown Rate
Complete results of the venereal
disease tests given this semester to
all newly enrolled men disclosed that
of the 2,200 students tested, seven
gave positive reactions. However,
Dr. Warren E. Forsythe, Director of
the University Health Service, said
that only. four of these students ex-
hibited symptoms which merited
treatment. The rest are being kept
under close observation.
The figures were made' public in
conjunction with National Social Hy-
giene Day which is to be observed
throughout America Feb. 1. The
University rate of two per thousand
conforms closely to results obtained{
in similar tests given at Minnesota.
and Syracuse. This percentage, Dr.
Forsythe pointed out, compares very
favorably with the national rate of
more than 40 per thousand and tends
to disprove the statement that vene-
real diseases are an important college
problem.
T he National Social Hygiene Day
will be marked by some 5,000 meet-I
ings of health and welfare groups,.
civic clubs, women's organizations,
churches, schools, and more than 1,-
000 youth bodies. These meetings
will advocate fighting venereal dis-
ease by freely telling the American
public about its prevention and cure,
by requiring premarital examina-
tions, and by building adequate state
and local health programs.
Walter Announces1
Text Book Library
Is Great Success
The Text Book Lending Library,
only a year and a half ago,
has already contributed much to the
relief of students who are financially
'unable to purchase necessary text
books, according to Dean Erich A.
Walter, chairman of the committee
in charge.
The size of the librar6, however,
will have to be greatly increased be-
fore it is able to completely' fulfill
its function, he indicated. The An-
drews Library at Yale, after which
the Michigan project is designed, con-
tains more than 8,000 volumes. More
than 1,000 are contributed every
year by Yale students, so that the
library is kept *up-to-date.
The pressing need for a free text
book library of adequate facilities is
illustrated by many cases of students
in financial straits which have come
to the attention of Dean Walter and
other members of the administration.
There are a numbfr of students in
attendance who find great difficulty
in getting enough to eat, let alone
buy text books, Dean Walter said.

Bureau Holds
Contrary to traditional student
opinion, Ann Arbor does not have an
exceptional amount of fog and rain,,
according to the cooperative station
of the U.S. Weather Bureau main-
tained here in the Astronomy Obser-
vatory. Ann Arbor weather is just
typical of the State of Michigan, ac-
cording to. the Observatory. 'The
weather in the State of Michigan,
however, is, as any senior will at-
test, quite exceptional.
Student opinion also holds that Ann
Arbor weather is unpredictable. On
this issue the Observatory plays safe.
It makes no predictions. It Just takes
observations and makes records of
them.
The Observatory takes two read-
ings per day, the first at 7 a.m., the
second at 7 p.m. These readings
cover all phases of the weather; tem-
perature, humidity, pressure, precipi-
tation, wind direction and velocity,
and degree of clearness. These me-
teorological readings are taken by
three students appointed by the
astronomy department, and the daily
observations are made into perma-
nent records.

These reports said there also was a
serious lack of ammunition which ex-
plained the lack of resistance made
by the Government troops as they fell
back on the Government Capital.
In certain quarters of the city the
water supply as well as electricity waz
said already to have failed.
Some nearby sections of Catalonia
were reported to have been without
bread for days.
500 Dead And Wounded
Insurgent air raids never seemed
to let up, and "the total of dea'ths
from today's six bombings were esti-
mated to have brought the number of
dead and wounded for the last three
days to nearly 500.
General Franco's original plan, In-
surgent circles said, had been for the
southern Moorish column to fight its
way into Barcelona while the other
columns continued encircling maneu-
vers.
The rapidity with which the troops
from the north were advancing, how-
ever, was said to have convinced the
Generalissimo that they would arrive
before the Government could organ-
ize a last-ditch defense and that the
city would be taken "safely and sure-
ly."
Insurgent dispatches said that the
entire Government defense line in
Catalonia had collapsed

1 ^'
11 I III

Adoption-Of Flight Training Program
Indicated By Visit Of Federal Officials

Choral Union Presents Pianists

By JAMES FRANKEL
Although the University authori-
ties have made no public statement
as yet regarding the proposed pilot
training course, its adoption next
semester was practically assured by
the flying visit paid Ann Arbor by
five officials of the federal direct-
ing agencies.
The group, headed by Grove Web-
ster, chief of the private flying de-
velopment division of the Civil Aero-
nautics Authority, was flown here
from Purdue University Monday eve-
ning by Col. Floyd Evans, state aero-
nautics director. Others included in
the party were Harry Kinear, repre-
senting the Works Progress Adminis-
tration; Sam Gilstrop, representative
of the National Youth Administra-

Flying Club Calls Meet
The Flying Club has called a special
meeting to be held 7:30 p.m. today
in the Union at which George M.
Downs, manager of the Ann Arbor
municipal airport, will explain the
working details of the plan and will
answer any questions students may
have. The club urges both members
and all students interested in the
flight program to attend the meeting.
program from the $100,000 fund ap-
propriated by the National Youth
Administration. The University has
been assigned a quota of 20 pilots to
train next semester. The actual flight
instruction will be given by civilian

terviews and preliminary' medical
examinations. The students will be
selected finally from this list by army
flight surgeons on the basis of strict
air corps medical requirements.
Only male students who have not
already received pilot licenses will be
eligible, Mr. Webster said. If the,
plan proves successful and is extend-
ed, it is probable that women will
be included.
Yesterday morning the representa-
tives visited Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti
pirports and approved the flight
facilities at both fields. They dis-
closed that bids had been called for
on delivery of at least four light
planes of 40 to 50 horsepower. These
bids will be opened in Washington,
Saturday.

Bartlett And
By MORTON LINDER
The Choral Union, which has dis-
tinguished itself in the past 60 years
by bringing to Ann Arbor the finest
in concert music, comes through with
another hit tonight in Hill Auditori-
um, presenting, as the seventh con-
cert of the current season, the fa-
mous British piano team, Bartlet and
Robertson.
Rather than an ordinary recital,
tonight's performance might very well
be called a musical lecture, or per-
haps even a sermon, on: How to lead
a happy married life. The talented
duo, Mr. and Mrs. Rae Robertson in
private life, are fully qualified to ex-
plain this since they have proven
that the easiest way for husband and

Robertson Today
loved piano duetists in the world,"
and "The Lunts of the Keyboard" are
two of the names that have been
given to this team that "plays with
the skill of one and the imagination
of two."
As far as the Robertsons are con-
cerned, there are only two symphonic
conductors of any note: Arturo Tos-
canini and John Barbirolli. Their at-
tachment to Toscanini dates from last
June when they appeared as guest
soloists under the baton of the great
maestro in the London Music Fes-
tival. There is, however, a more sen-
timental touch to - their regard for
Barbirolli, for the three were fellow-
students at the Royal Academy of
Music in London. They agree that

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