THE MlflIGAN DAILY
wl G i n W _,orsV F JT Y --cR* AMHA5O-N ..
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Book Editor -
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NIGHT EDITOR: DENNIS PLANAGAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
And South America ,. ,
T HE QUESTION of national defense
. I.will undoubtedly be one of primary
consideration at the present session of Congress.
The threat to the Monroe Doctrine represented
by fascist penetration in South America de-
serves the closest attention the national gov-
ernment can bestow on it. Unfortunately, it
appears that certain important, even possibly
fatal errors of judgmeipt are likely to be made.
National defense is always a problem of the
greatest delicacy. It 'would not be far from
wrong to say that it has never yet been properly
handled by an American government. The war
of 1812 was begun with the defense forces in a
weakened and disorganized condition. When the
Civil War broke out the government was virtu-
ally without armed forces on land or sea. In 1898
.and in 1917 wars were begun with the army and
war department unprepared. The lessons of
these instances and the dangers of today make
army and navy officers and congressmen anxious
to avoid any possibility of repetition by pre-
paring for "any eventuality" (i.e., war) immedi-
Of course, everyone hopes there will be no
necessity to fight a war. The national defense
enthusiasts say that a strong army, navy and air
corps will help the cause of peace by discourag-
ing aggressors. There is without question a
great deal of truth in this statement, but it
is too simple to cover adequately all the facts of
the present case.
In order to make the threat of armed pre-
paredness a force for peace, we must know our-
selves and let it be clearly understood by others
what we are going to fight for. Has the United
States sufficiently important interests in South
America, is the Monroe Doctrine a sufficiently
vital element in our national security, to deem
them worth going to war for? Similarly, are our
interests in China and the principle of the Open
Door worth a war to preserve?
In our opinion none of these things are worth
the cost of war, but this is only a small part
of the question. Suppose it is granted that fascist
infiltration in' South America is not a casus
belli for the United States: the dangerous con-
sequences of such an event are not altered. The
last thing we want in South America is Euro-
pean fascism, and its presence there may easily,
in fact probably would, involve us in a war we
did not seek. The obvious course, it seems to us,
is to keep fascism from gaining a foothold in
The South American nations are nearly all
Spanish-speaking, with backgrounds of Spanish
culture. The exception is Portuguese-descended
Brazil, already in the grip of a semi-fascist dic-
tatorship. All, including Brazil, are subject to
pressure from Italian and German fascism, and
what is of thehmost immediate and inescapable
importance, that pressure will vary almost
directly with the military fortunes of fascism in
the Spanish war. If Franco wins in Spain the
difficulty of keeping fascism out of South America
will be multiplied to a virtual impossibility. South
America is drifting toward the Hitler orbit, and no
amount of Lima Conferences, Washington pleas
or American armaments will stop the drift if
the career of fascist conquest in Europe is
crowned with victory in Catalonia.
embargo on Germany. The State Department is
certainly not influenced by respect for German
opinion; an embargo could hardly be a more
overt expression of American anti-Nazi feeling
than the diplomatic exchanges of December. We
have al*.ady gone on record in unmistakable
opposition to the German government; we have
merely limited ourselves to empty phrase-making
and name-calling. Action is going to be neces-
sary; what we must decide is whether it is to
take the sterile form of preparation for disaster
or the constructive one of an effort to forestall it.
Building armaments is a dangerous business
at best. The exigencies of national defense re-
quire that the present military, naval and air
forces at least be maintained and be kept mech-
anically and technically up to date. Whether'
more units are needed, and the nature of possible
additions is a question for experts to decide. What
is up to Congress, the President and the people
is determining the purpose of the defense forces,
as specifically as possible, and taking intelligent
steps to render the necessity for using them as
remote as possible. -Joseph Gies
ii fems o M
In his selection of two new Cabinet members
Franklin Roosevelt has played politics. That, of
course, is a time-honored American tradition,
and, within certain limits, it
seems to be a good one. It is
not Senatorial custom to re-
fuse confirmation even in
cases where an appointment
may be disliked by a con-
siderable majority. Bennett
Champ Clark has already
been quoted as saying that
Cabinet appointments are
"the President's business."
It so happens that Senator Clark and Governor
Murphy are close personal friends, although not
aligned with the same wing of the Democratic
party. But even Burke, of Nebraska, who has
been almost consistently anti-administration
of late, has expressed approval of Murphy as
Attorney General, and so it may seem unlikely
that there will be any organized fight by con-
servative Democrats against the two NewDeal-
ers who have been added to the Cabinet. Wash-
ington reporters who have been extremely accur,
ate in recent predictions unite in saying that
both nominees will be confirmed after some little
The fight will be carried on largely by Re-
publicans, and it will be a sham battle having
practically no relationship-to the year 1939. The
debate will constitute the opening skirmish of
the Presidential campaign of 1940. It is quite evi-
dent that Mr. Roosevelt took much counsel and
gave a good deal of thought to the problem be-
fore he chose the battle ground. He had the
strategic advantage of selecting the terrain for
the combat. Superficially it might seem as if he
had left his flanks exposed and even furnished
ammunition to the enemy. I doubt that it will
work out that way.
It seems to me as if Franklin Roosevelt, in spite
of some reverses, is still a far more able field
marshal than any leader in the opposition. Why,
then, didn't he select two middle of the rdad
nonentities concerning whom no controversy
could be created? I think the answer is that the
President feels it advantageous, as far as '1940
goes, to have the fight start now. The name of
Harry Hopkins raises the WPA issue, and inevit-
ably Murphy's nomination leaves a wide opening
for an attack on the C.I.O. and on the sitdown
strikes which occurred in the automobile indus-
try. But since both these issues were certain to
come into side political discussion, it may prove
excellent strategy to have the debate start now.
This particular timing discourages Democratic
criticism and foments it among Republicans. In
other words, party lines are tightened. With feT
exceptions, conservatives who beat the "purge"
will say little or nothing, since any violent tirades
from this group would lend support to the charge
that their loyalties went with the Republicans
rather than with their own party. An open rebuke
to Roosevelt now would almost amount to hand-
ing the 1940 national election to the G.O.P. in
advance. No such barrier exists in the path of
Republican oratory. But if the leaders of the
opposition party make the discussion of Hopkins
and of Murphy a long-drawn-out and knock-
down fight I think they will fall into a carefully
prepared trap. They will expend all their ammu-
nition before the major conflict begins. By the
time 1940 rolls around the average voter may be
inclined to say, "Oh, I heard all about that in
1938. It's old stuff now."
As in the case of eggs, new laid issues are more
palatable than those which are taken out of cold
storage. If the Republicans are smart their criti-
cisms will be sharp but brief and left upon the
Record with the nomination, "To be continued
in our next." But I don't think the Republicans
are smart. It is my guess that the fight over
confirmation will be more bitter than the Wash-
ington prophets anticipate. And I make the un-
qualified prediction that Holto, from the Demo-
cratic side, will speak at least ten hours in op-
position to the New Deal.
In other words, I think the President's strategy
will work superbly and that the line between pro-
gressives and conservatives in both parties will be
drawn as sharply as that which was marked with
a knife upon the hard floor of the Alamo.
Bad Omen For Hitler
Has Adolf Hitler's star reached its zenith, with
a decline due in the next few months? His selec-
tion as Time's "Man of the Year" for 1938 sug-
gests that this happy turn of affairs may be in
nmosiect. Jndain frmm the fao f thniP mwhn
Scholarships For Refugees
To the Editor:
Many eastern colleges are providing scholar-
ships for those students who of late have found
it impossible to continue study in their native
lands. Would it not be an appropriate and
democratic gesture for us of Michigan to provide
funds for refugee students? In any case, there
are enough Jewish students here who should be
thankful enough of their own good fortune to
undertake such a project even without the help
of others who may be interested.
It would be especially fitting to present the
scholarships in the names of those faculty mem-
bers and alumni of Jewish extraction who have
helped to raise Michigan to its present stature.
Seymour S. Horowitz, Grad.
Why Women Hate Me
Gentle Reader: Please don't think my article
an attempt to "put on the dog." Far be it from
me to aim at headlines or popularity. Netiher is
it a defense for the well-known male sex, in
retort to an article which appeared in this paper
some time before Christmas vacation, written by
one. of those mild detesters of us gentlemen. For
we gentlemen don't have to put up a defense; if
we all went into hibernation, the women would
be clambering at our doorsteps-which even now
they do. Nor is it an apology-so to proceed!
My own person, a mere lad of some twenty
odd years, consists of one who has spent a great
deal of his life studying female personalities. To
wit-it behooves me to think that my studies
have achieved success. Namely, give the gentler
sex what they want and they do not want it.
However, it is not my intention to cast "bokays."
So-o, to proceed:i
Women do not like many things which we men
admire. They, as last month's author so aptly
described in her way, detest a braggart. Well, we
all flare up once in a while, when out with our
gal friends, and overstep our bounds. So what?
Don't they all? ,
We have all done our share of sopping up
beer and kicking the gong around. Again, so
what? Women, as a rule can't hold their liquor
and never were meant to. There's a little proverb
to be cited in this regard:
Lips that touch liquor shall
never touh my liquor! (big joke)
Every woman does want to get married-be-
lieve it or not-although many have been dis-
appointed and looked to other fields.
About necking-it's vulgar; simply horrid.
About smoking-what are a few ashes on the
rug, more or less. There may be an ash tray
around, but perhaps they are out of our reach
and a rug is just as good.
Love-what's love? Ask a woman-she's all
emotions anyhow-she certainly can tell you.
And about telling stories which are a bit to
the leeward-Men can always find girls to tell
one too, but it's best to avoid that kind.
And, about being hungry all the time, as we
men are supposed to be-well, what good is a
girl if she can't cook?
A burlesque show-tsk, tsk! It's part of a
man's education to enjoy one now and again.
My policy, since my study of women, is from
hence forward, to be a one-woman man. But
that woman-where is she?
Well, anyhow, let's forget the past, bury the
hatchet, and carry on.
who took the honors. Ever since that time, she
has been an embittered exile from the land over
which she hoped to rule as Queen.
Chiang Kai-shek was the "Man of 1937." Now
Chiang's army has been driven back into the
interior of China, and the Generalissimo, dis-
coureyoer bythefAirp of pn to s 4.rr-u fi-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
tliversity. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
THURSDAY, JAN. 5, 1939 I ation to qualify for position on the
VOL. XLIX. No. 72 "Preferred Substitute List." Salary
range: $2,200 to $4,600.
Student Loans. The Committee on All candidates must file an appli-
Student Loans will meet on Jan. 9 in cation blank and a notice of inten-
Room 2, University Hall to consider tion to take the examination with
applications for loans for the second Mr. Stanley H. Rolfe, Superintendent
semester, of Schools, Board of Education, Ad-
Appointments must be arranged in ministration Building. 31 Green St.,
advance. Newark, New Jersey, before Thurs-
day, March 16, 1939. The examina-
You Can't Stop Me From Dreaming
By Roy Heath
With my mind still pleasantly be-
fogged by the memories of an alto-
gether satisfactory vacation, during
which I plunged into the business of
relaxing with a zeal approaching reli-
gious fanaticism, I hauled myself out
of the hay yesterday morning and
went downstairs to investigate the
morning mail. That was a mistake.
I should have suspected something
when I noticed that there were ten
envelopes bearing my name. Pleasant
mornings spent ripping open stacks
of Christmas cards with their uni-
form good wishes had lulled me into
a false security. I inserted a finger
in the first envelope and tore it open.
Suddenly I realized that I was back
at Michigan, that it was the first of
the month, that the spirit of Christ-
mas generosity is a fragile and pass-
ing thing. Charge accounts are great
things before Christmas but most
It will be several months before
my financial standing will regain a
"standing" position again. That esti-
mate of how long it will take me to
recover from Christmas does not take
into account several birthdays and a
J-Hop which are due to Odd'their bit
to my total indebtedness. But then
it was fun while it lasted. Merry
Christmas . . . Whew.
Saline To Ann Arbor
ABILENE, KAN. The town which
once boasted such hardy characters
as Wild Bill Hickok, Billy The Kid,
and Bill Cody produced a pale and
bleary eyed individual to catch the
last ' train to Kansas University at
He struggled aboard the clanking,
puffing local which was to convey
him back to the daily grind. Visibly
afflicted by a visitation of the little
men, he first took a long drink of
the luke warm water in the train's
"cooler," then selected a seat and sat
holding his quaking head in his
trembling hands. A quarter of a mile
past the outskirts of the town, he
suddenly, if unsteadily, leaped to his
feet and pulled the emergency cord.
As the train ground to a stop he
opened a door, tossed off his grip and
followed it to the ground personally.
Picking himself and his bag up, he
shouted at the conductor who was on
the verge of an apoplectic fit', "Sorry
buddy, I'd never make it . . . you
know how it is . . . Sorry." With
that he headed for home on the zig-
zag course recommended for battle-
ships trying to dodge torpedoes.
KANSAS CITY, MO. The colored
proprietor of the Union Station shoe
shine stand who can furnish you
with a graphic account of every inci-
dent of note to occur in the cavern-
ous depot for years past, including the
names and numbers of all the partici-
pants in the notorious "Union Station
Massacre," volunteered the informa-
tion that roisteringrmobs had made
a shambles of the usually orderly
According to my informant, tele-
phones were ripped off the wall,
directing signs were pulled down
from the track entrances and worn
as capes, fights cropped up by the
dozens which caused a nice upswing
in the ambulance and patrol wagon
industries, and many of the station
shops had their shining plate glass
windows knocked out in a spirit of
The amiable shoe shiner, who looks
and talks like Eddie Anderson of
"Rochester" fame summed up: "Man,
they was nullin' muari if rnth+ir.
All Students: Registration for sec-
ond semester. Each student should
plan to register for himself during
the appointed hours. Registrations
by proxy will not be accepted.
Robert L. Williams,
Registration Material, College of
Architecture. Students should call
for second semester material at Room
4 University Hall at once. The Col-
lege of Architecture will post an an-
nouncement in the near future giving
time of conference with your classi-
fier. Please wait for this notice be-
fore seeing your classifier.
Robert L. Williams,
Registration Material, Colleges of
L.S.&.A., Education, Music. Stu-
dents should call' for second semes-
ter registration material at Room 4,
University Hall as soon as possible.
Please see your adviser and secure all
Robert L. Williams,
Students Concentrating in Econ-
omics: Cards have been mailed re-
garding second semester classifica-
tion. If you are unable to meet your
adviser at the time assigned to you
on these cards, or if no card has
reached you, please see the Depart-
ment Secretary at once for another
R.O.T.C. Advanced course commu-
tation checks issued at Headquarters
today from 1:30 to 4:30 p.m.
The Rochdale Cooperative House,
located at 640 Oxford Road, is ac-
cepting applications for next semes-
ter from undergraduate students. In-
formation concerning membership
and membership blanks can be ob-
tained at the Dean of Students Of-
fice, Room 2, University Hall or at
the Rochdale Cooperative House.
Spain, 1939 is the subject of talks
by two Michigan students, just re-
turned from two years' fighting in
the Spanish Republican Army, at a
meeting Friday, Jan. 6 at 4 p.m. in
the Union Ballroom.
The Guiding Committee of the
United Committee to Aid China will
meet at 3 o'clock this afternoon in
The Bureau of Appointments has
received notice of the following Civil
Service Examinations. Last date for
filing application is given in each
Michigan Civil Service.
Extension Librarian. Salary range
$150-190. Jan. 20. (Residence in
Michigan not required).
Order and Catalogue Librarian.
Salary range $200-240. Jan. 20. (Resi-
dence in Michigan not required).
Cooking classes. Salary range $95-
160. Jan. 7.
Institution Maintenance Machin-
ist. Salary range $140-160. Jan. 5.
Orthopedic Public Health Nurse.
Salary range $250-310. Jan.-12. (Resi-
dence in Michigan not required).
Housemaid. Salary range $75-90.
Detroit Civil Service.
Junior Transportation , Schedule
Maker. Salary $2,520. Jan. 11.
Junior Matron (House of Coiec-
tion). Salary $1100 and full main-
tenance. Jan. 10.
Open to residents of Wayne Coun-
Senior Building' Operating En-
gineer. Salary $2580. Jan. 13.
Principal Building Operating En-
gineer. Salary $3000. Jan. 13.
Piano Accompanist (Female) Part
time, 2 to 5 periods per week at S2 a
period. Jan. 16.
Milwaukee City Service.
Assistant Chief in Charge of Sani-
tary Inspection. (Legal residence in
Milwaukee for 3 years required) Sal-
ary $2400. Jan. 5.
Complete announcements are on
file at the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Inl'fr-
mation, 201 Mason Hall; Office houw's
9-12 and 2-4.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information.
The Bureau of Appointments has
received a notice concerning the fol-
lowing Newark, New Jersey teaching
examinations. Secondary Schools-
(1) Art (Drawing and Design), (2)
Music-Vocal, (3) Music-Instru-
mental, (4) Physical Training (Men
and Women), (5) English, (6) His-
tory, and (7) Mathematics. Elemen-
tary Schools- Home Economics. Re-
quirements: Eligibility for a New Jer-
sey state certificate, college degree,
two years teaching experience, U.S.
nii.r +chinn mct'hnnprn A . + lnf of
English 190. Junior Honors. All
students wishing to elect Junior
Honors for the coming term should
see Mr. Weaver on or before Jan. 9.
Office hours: 10-11, MWF, 2218 A.H.
February Candidates for the Teach-
er's Certificate: The Comprehensive
Examination in Education will be
given on: Saturday, Jan. 7from 9 to
12 o'clock (and also from 2 to 5
o'clock) in the auditorium o- the
University High School. Students
having Saturday morning classes
may take the examination in the
afternoon. Printed information re-
garding the examination may be se-
cured in the School of Education
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-
amination: All students expecting to
do directed teaching next semester
are required to pass a qualifying ex-
amnaition in the subject which they
expect to teach. This examination
will be held on Saturday, Jan. 7, at
1 p.m. Students will meet in the
auditorium of the University High
School. The examination will con-
sume about four hours time; prompt-
ness is therefore essential.
Zoology Seminar: There will be no
meeting of the Zoology Seminar to-
Cercle Francais: There will be a
meeting of the Cercle Francais to-
night at 7:30 p.m. in Room 408, Ro-
mance Languages Bldg.
La Sociedad Hispanica: There will
be a meeting this evening at
7:30 p.m. in the League. The pro-
gram will consist of a short talk,
poems, a game and songs. All mem-
bers are requested to attend.
University Girls' Glee Club: Re-
hearsal tonight at 7:15 in the game
room of the League.
Varsity Glee Club: Regular rehear-
sal tonight at 7:30 p.m.
Zeta Phi Eta: All actives, pledges,
and alumnae are reminded of the
regular meeting tonight 'at 7:15 p.m.
in the Portia room on the fourth
floor of Angell Hall. Please be on
Publicity Committee meeting will
be held at 5 pim. today in the League.
Attendance is required.
League Social Committee meeting
today at 4 o'clock in the League. All
members must attend, and if they
are not excused by the chairman,
they will be dropped from the list
Seniors of the Merit System com-
mittee will meet at 4:30 p.m. today
in the Undergraduate office of the
Michigan Dames General Meeting
tonight at 8- p.m. in the ampitheatre
of the Rackham Building (Graduate
School). Dr. Inez Wisdom, guest
speaker for the Charm Group, will
talk. Members who have not re-
ceived their handbooks may get them
from Mrs. Schick Thursday evening.
The Interior Decoration Group of
the Faculty Women's Club will meet
at three o'clock today, Jan. 5,
in the Michigan League. Professor
Walter Gores, authority on furniture,
will give an illustrated lecture on
Avukah meeting at the Hillel Foun-
dation tonight at 7:30 p.m.
There will be a meeting at the
Foundation at 7:30 tonight of all
those interested in the Hillel choral
The class in elementary Hebrew at
the Hillel Foundation will meet today
at 4:15 p.m. The class in advanced
Hebrew will not meet this week.
Tn. Rno i. T%- L no m..,.
tions will be held Wednesday, April
12, 1939 at 9 a.m. in Newark, New
Complete announcements are on
file at the University Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Infor-
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information. 201
Mason Hall. Office Hours: 9-12 and
of Culture". Be
157: "The Evolution
prepared for t quiz