THE, -,811CHIGA--Y DAILY
'WEDNESDAY, NOV. 30, ."38
THE- MTeTITGA:N- DAIlY
WEDNESDAY, NOV. S1~t~3R
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
- I -
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press; 1938-39
Board of Editors
Book Editor .
Women's Editor ,
Sports Editor -
Robert D. Mitchell.
Albert P. Mayjo
Horace W. Gilmore
Robert I. Fitzhenry
. S. R. 'Kleiman
. Robert Pernman
. . Earl Gilman
S William Elvin
. Joseph Freedman
* .Joseph Gies
. Dorothea Staebler
. Bud Benjamin
Business Manager Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . Leonard P. Siegelmaun
Advertising Manager .. . William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager . . Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . Marian A., Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: DENNIS FLANAGAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
C RITICISM of the National Labor
Relations Board and the Wagner
Act, we pointed out in a recent editorial, must
be looked upon as either an attack on the
principle of the :Act, which guarantees workers
the rights of self-organization and collective
bargaining, or as a condemnation of the pro-
cedure and administration of the Labor Board.
Attacks on the purpose or the Act come
from-those who refuse to recognize that the right
of employes to combine for the protection of their
interests without employer domination is a nec-
essary and fundamental right in modern in-
dustrial society. Much of the condemnation of
specific rulings and practices of the NLRB has
come from the leadership of the American Fed-
eration of Labor.
Behind these objections of the Federation is
the fact that the AFL leaders are very dis-
pleased with the way the Board has put into
practice two seemingly innocent clauses in the
law. One provides that when a question arises as
to which union represents the workers, the
Board may investigate, hold an election if nec-
essary, and certify the collective bargaining
representatives of the majority of the workers.
The other provision -empowers the NLRB to
deride whether the "unit appropriate for the
purpose of collective bargaining shall be the em-
ployer unit, craft unit, plant unit, or subdivision
Board Thrown Ito Fight
It was inevitable that these two dynamite-
charged clauses would throw the Labor Board
right into the thick of the AFL-CIO fight, for
the extent of the employe bargaining unit i the
crux of the craft versus industrial union conflict.
The AFL claims the Board has taken the side
of the CIO.
Some interesting facts are presented on this
point in the Oct. 17, 1938 issue of Labor Relations
Reporter in a survey covering Oct. 1, 1937 to
Sept. 30, 1938. When pitted directly against each'
other, the AFL won 73 elections as against 125
More interesting, in a survey in the same issue
covering 37 months of NLRB activity up to Aug.
31 of this year, is the revelation that the rival
unions were in substantial disagreement on the
appropriate bargaining unit in only 50 out of
3,900 representation cases- But positively start-
ling is the fact that the Board favored the-AFL
in 24 rulings and the CIO in only 21. Four deci-
sions were compromises and one case was decided
by employer recognition of the AFL union.
AFL Suggests Changes
How does the Board decide the appropriate
unit? Certain criteria, some of which are present-
ed here, have been adopted by the board in these
cases: the history of collective bargaining in
the industry and plant involved, the present
wishes of workers as expressed in elections or
union membership, organization of the employ-
er's business, similarity of workers' tasks, trans-
ferability between departments manifested in
seniority rights, and methods of compensation
(hour, piece or week rates).
of the AFL-supported changes have as their
basis the fact that the Federation hasn't been
doing so well under the Wagner Act because
the trend today is toward industrial unionism.
Referring again to the survey of AFL-CIO rivalry
under the NLRB, we find that for the year
1937-38, the AFL polled only 17 per cent of the
votes cast and won only 23 per cent of the elec-
tions as against the CIO record of 49 per cent
of the ballots and 42 per cent of the elections.
As for'the suggestion that mediation be left to
the Conciliation Division of the Department of
Labor, granted that the NLRB was not designed
to mediate, is it reasonable to expect a board,
established to diminish the causes of labor dis-
putes in interstate commerce, not to prevent
strikes, lockouts and inter-union fights whei
possible. This is another example of duplication
in federal agencies and the most intelligent
solution would be to empower the NLRB to medi-
ate in the many cases in which it has an oppor-
tunity to do so
Judicial Review Unwise
The proposals to give the courts power to re-
view facts accepted by the Board and to pass
jucgment on NLRB rulings harks back to a
similar attempt foisted on the Interstate Com-
merce Commission in 1910. A Commerce Court
to handle ICC cases was established and lasted
for three years. It was abolished because it
usurped the ICC's powers and consistently over-
ruled its orders (and was just as consistently
overruled by the United States Supreme Court).
An independent judicial tribunal would probably
have the same experience with the Wagner Act.
The answers to the problems raised in this
editorial (the employer's position on the NLRB
will be considered in a future article) will come
as the result of experience and experimentation
through Board rulings and Court decisions.
The Labor Board is young. It ismonly beginning
the process of working out procedures and tech-
niques that has taken the Interstate Commerce
Commission 50 years. And the ICC is still far
from solving transportation questions. These
administrative tribunals must forge ahead in
their attempt to handle complex problems of our
To the Editor:
Between the second and the sixth of this
month The Daily gave excellent reports of the
progress of a convention which was studying
Parent Education. The following abbreviated
quotations are from those brief reports:
"Dr. - suggested in forceful terms that
parents should endeavor to remove fear, encour-
age the child's curiosity, give him both love and
understanding . . .'
"Parents should develop beneficial attitudes
toward their children and in the children toward
themselves, it was decided by the participants
in the Panel Class."
"A salient point made in the conference was
the nee of determining a definite goal for edu-
cation so that studies of methods and curricula
will not be pointless; . .
"Maintaining that a paralysis is creeping over
college professors and other leaders of modern
communities, making them do far too much
talking and far too little acting, Professor --
of the School of Education yesterday urged
members . . . to act at once . ."
It would be unfair to conclude from this exi-
guous evidence that conventions discover the
obvious and rehash the trivial, nevertheless the
quotations seem to offer a definite challenge to
all coming conventions.
May I offer a suggestion. Why couldn't we
instead of having one week for Parent Educa-
tion, another for Progressive Education, and a
third for Adult Education, have a single congress
for the education of progressive adult parents
which would really go places?
By NORMAN KIELL
Christmas On Broadway
Once again we find the Christmas season upon
us, and those students who at this time turn
eastward to the theatrical mecca of the world,
New York City, find that the holiday offerings
are not many. However, those new dramas that
are on the boards are well worth seeing. So suc-
cessful are these few that it would be advisable to
reserve tickets far in advance, for Christmas finds
the theatre at its busiest. From time to time,
we shall chart the hits current on Broadway in
The most enterprising of the producers this
year is the Playwrights Co. Inc. When five play-
wrights get together and determine to produce
their own works, the result, to all appearances, is
five successful shows. At any rate, with two suc,
cessfully launched, and a third opening this
Saturday evening, The Playwrights' Company
may well be proud of itself.
Their first offering, Robert Sherwood's "Abe
Lincoln in Illinois," (at the Plymouth Theatre),
Ii feemr t e
In the controversy between Arthur Krock, of
the New York Times, and Harry Hopkins, of
WPA, there s much to be said in favor of the
administrator. At least it
seems to me that sound
journalistic practice, on the
whole, has protected public
men in the privacy of chance
and casual remarks. It
should be so, because such
things cannot be subjected
to any accurate check. As I
understand it, Mr. Hopkins
is reported to have said something about, "We
will spend and spend," etC., to some fellow horse
fan at the Empire City Race Track.
The administrator has now twice denied hav-
ing made the statement, and Mr. Kock's friend
insists he heard it. But the man who carried
the message remains nameless, as far as I know,
and certainly he made no stenographic notes.
However, according to the law 0f averages, it is
likely that the one who told the story is not as
well equipped a news-gatherer as Mr. Krock him-
Indulging in sheer speculation, I would be in-
clined to guess that the truth lies somewhere be-
tween the two. Truth has a penchant for drop-
pir~g into that familiar pasture. In other words,
I'm inclined to think that Mr. Krock's inform-
ant did not make up the anecdote out of whole
cloth. However, it is just possible that he garbled
Straight From The Feed Box
When the sixth race is coming up and every-
body around the table has an ear cocked for the
latest dope straight from the feed box any other
information may well seem irrelevant and unim-
portant. But the issue, as far as a newspaper
goes, does not even end there. There are times
when surface accuracy may be deceptive. For
instance, a public man might say something ut-
terly preposterous and not mean a word of it.
It is important to know whether the thing was
said with a straight face or a broad grin. And
occasionally one likes to attempt an epigram
without tipping off his intention to be satirical.
I realized that men in bublic life should never
make a joke. That's a good rule, but it is also
harsh one. A leader may forget to diagram his
intention at the beginning by saying, "Now, on
the level, boys, I'm only kidding."
Within the last few days I heard an American
of considerable prominence say at a public meet-
ing, "Why do you cheer me? Don't you know that
I am a dictator?" Now, surely it would be utterly
unfair to the cause of truth if a newspaper spot-
ted the quotation and announced in bold type,
"Mr. X admits that he is a dictator." This is even
more pertinent in the case of things said casually
when everybody is at ease and it is assumed that
no one in the party has a pencil, a notebook or a
private line into a newspaper office.
A Boswell At His Elbow
Around a soda fountain, an oyster bar or a table
at a race track almost anything could be said.
No public man could survive in office if there
were always a Boswell at his elbow. And in the
case of Dr. Johnson, he was in a position to know
from long experience that clbse at hand loitered
a young Scotsman who was the Highland equiva-
lent of Walter Winchell. Most orations, and even
newspaper columns, have in them some. element
of premeditation. And I know not a single soul
who has written or spoken much who did not
live to regret some careless phrase or even a com-
plete set of paragraphs.
Language is a tricky thing, and you may word
yourself in such a way that those who read or
listen will go away with a complete misin erpre-
tation of the idea propounded. And so it seems
to me that, through a kind of civilized courtesy,
no man should be nominated for a moral firing
squad because of something which slipped out
of the side of his mouth. We are all inhibited
and frightened folk, and frankness, might pos-
sibly disappear from the face of the world if
there is to be no haven "off the record" in which
spotlight celebrities may take off their shoes
and let their hair down. A man's home is his
castle, and a race track should very well be a
kingdom of relaxation where one can shout,
"Come on, Seabiscuit!" without thought of
political or economic consequences.
"much to recommend in it in the way of intelli-
gent showmanship to excellent music." As stated
above, the third work is that of Elmer Rice and
its name is "American Landscape." Its fate
will be better known after its opening Saturday
evening at the Cort.
The most astonishing success of this season,
as was last season, is William Shakespeare.
"Julius Caesar" last year, '.Hamlet" this, and
with it Maurice Evans. It is an uncut version
that is being played at the St. James Theatre;
the curtain goes up at 6:30 and comes down at
11:30 with an hour's intermission for dinner
at 8:10. The critics found it much to their liking
as witness: " . . . it is the most vivid drama in-
town today . . . It is fresh and exciting to see
Hamlet played for sheer drama.....Evans'
portrayal is assuredly the finest Hamlet that
New York has seen since John Barrymore's class-
ic portrayal of the role."
Hit number 4 is a drama brought over frpm
England, the Stokes' sketch, "Oscar, Wilde."
Robert Morley plays the name role superbly at
the Fulton Theatre, where it is now being shown.
Down with all arisiocrats,
Plutocrats, and technocrats.
Republicans and democrats,
Down with all aristocracies,
Republics and democracies.
Down with all the communism,
Down with every communist,
Pacifist and socialist.
Down with all the present tense
Presidents and precedence,
Press events, and pestilence.
Well, what'll we do now?
--The Texas Ranger
T HE Michigan Press is to be con-
gratulated on its alliance with
the Oxford Press. Our press has al-
ways had a proof-reader whoscan
bring down an illogical construction
at a thousand yards and ' a dangling
participle at five miles. So soon as the
new -alliance has been consolidated,
no Oxford dictionary will be able to
do what one does now: define the
noun dressing as "manure, sauce or
stuffing used with food . ."
-M. I. Choxon
You of M
By Sec Terry
CRIBS AND CONTRIBS - Mar-
shall Shulman, editorial director of
(Continued from Page 2)
the Daily in 1937, enclosed the fol- !to postpone her Ann Arbor concert
lowing poem to a friend in the Publi- or account of illness.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assstant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
ADD encyclopedia collegiana-
Archaeology:the disturbing of
Astronomy's dust-heap: astrology.
Architecture's dust-heap: T h e
building for Pharmacology and Eco-
romics (It's on the mall too and only
three minutes' walk from the Rack..
ham Building). -G. Watt Bliss
HEY say that a sports writers holi-
day usually is celebrated in such
diversified spots as the Union billiard'
room, the Armory, or reading the rac-
ing forms in the smoky recess of
some downtown cigar store. On the
whole, they're right. Saturday night,
however, was my first evening of rest
in eight weeks-no cover to write and'
no trains to catch back to Ann Arbor
-so I made for Detroit and a most
Upon the' invitation of a lady ac-
quaintance, I dined in a party with
Carveth Wells, explorer, lecturer; and
author. Wells, whose travels have tak-
en him to practically every important
country, city, village, and oasis in
the world, is 52, grey, decidedly Eng-
lish, and distinguished in appearance.
He is an adept conversationalist.
Wells chief interest, and therefore
the chief topic of conversation of
the evening, is Russia. He is as
ardent an anti-communist as I ever
listened to-including Father Cough-
lin, who apparently is also slightly1
at odds with the Soviet regime.
Two minutes after I had been intro-
duced to Wells, I almost alienated my-
self for the evening. I mentioned that
I was from the University of Michi-
gan and my hostess added casually
that I was a staff member of the
student newspaper. $
"Have you ever lecturecir n 'V L1
Arbor?" I asked Mr. Wells.
"Ann Arbor," he snapped, "yes,
I've been there. I'll'never be there
again I imagine. I spoke on Russia in
the Hill Auditorium. I told them just
what I thought of the country after
over a year of study there. Their re-
action was surprising to put it mild-
ly. When I showed them the hammer
and sickle they cheered inadly- When
I deprecated the Russian system they
rendered their most ardent disapprov-
al. After the talk was over, some
representatives of your newspaper in-
formed me in no uncertain terms
that I had made my last visit to Mich-
igan. The next day they wrote the
most scurrilous review of my lecture
that anyone has ever written. You
certainly have a bunch of Reds out
there," he concluded.
"It must have been a pretty one-'
sided audience," I replied, just toI
stick my neck out a little further.
"What," he exclaimed, "in a packed'
auditorium like that. That would be
about 5,000 on that side."
The waiter brought the soup at that
Point, and that was that.
Wells is the author of "Kaput" an
account of his Russian travels. The
most vivid, albeit the most morbid,
discussion of the evening involved the
chapter of the wild boys of Russia.
"In the summer," he explained,
"tribes of wild boys and girls aver-
aging about 12 years in age roam.
about the country plundering and
stealing at will. Most of them are
illegitimate children. Some of their
parents have been liquidated by the'
government. Only a very small per.-
centage of them have living families.
"The government has tried to re-
form these children," hecontinued.
"but their efforts have been of no
avail. Most of them are diseased,
and they steal by threatening to bite
the victim if he doesn't satisfy their
"They travel on freight trains until
Dean A. C. Furstenberg of the
School of Medicine will discuss medi-
cine in a vocational talk at 4:30 p.m.
tomorrow in the small ballroom of
Dr. Sverre Norborg, lecturer in Phi-
losophy at the University of Minne-
sota will lecture on Kierkegaard's
Philosophy, 4:15 p.m., Friday, Dec.
2, Lane Hall.
Students, School of Dentistry:
There will be an Assembly in the
Upper1Amphitheatre this afternoon
at 4:15 p.m. Dr. Howard Y. Mc-
Clusky will speak on the subject, "The
Community Experiments in Helping
A.LE.E. Meeting to be held tonight
at 7:30 p.m. in the Michigan Union.
James Burke, former president of the
International Electro-Technical Com-
mission and friend of the late Thom-
as A. Edison, will speak on "The Birth
and Growth of Electrical Engineer-
ing." His talk will also include rem-
iniscences of his associations with
Chemical and Metallurgical En-
gineering Seminar: Mr. C. L. Raynor
will be the speaker at the Seminar
for graduate students in Chemical
and Metallurgical Engineering today
at 4 p.m. in Room 3201 E. Eng. Bldg.
His subject is: Diffusion in Metals."
A.S.C.E. The Student Chapter of
the American Society of Civil En-
gineers will meet today at 7:30 p.m.
in the Michigan Union. Professor
H. W. King will give an illustrated
lecture on his travels through Syria,
Palestine, and Iraq. Field trip on Fri-
day, Dec. 2.
Mechanical Engineers: There will
be a meeting of the A.S.M.E. at the
Michigan Union today at 7:30 p.m.
Prof. R. S. Hawley of the M.E.
Dept. will speak on some phases of
the coal industry. There will also
be a film, distributed by the Diamond
Power Specialty Corp. of Detroit, en-
titled "Coal is King."
Freshmen Girls' Glee Club: Meet-'
ing tonight at 7:15 p.m. in the game
room of the League.
Phi Sigma meeting this evening at
7 p.m. in the West Lecture Room of;
the Rackham Bldg.
Milton B. Trautman will give an il-
lustrated lecture on "Studying Birds
Attention is called to the change in
time of the meeting to permit atten-
dance at -the Choral Union Concert.
Dues are payable. Refreshments
will be served. 0
Today at 12 noon, Michigan
League, Cafeteria Style. This meet-
ing will be held in the Cafeteria Al-
cove in place of the Russian Tea
Room. Professor Leslie A. White, of
the department of anthropology, will
speak informally on "The Science of
The Hiawatha Club will hold an im-
portant business meeting in the
Union this evening at 7:30. Please
note the change in time; it will enable
you to attend the Choral Union con-
cert that evening.
Soph Cabaret: There will be the
folloyging meetings of cabaret com-
mittees today, in the League:
Publicity committee at 4:30 p.m.
Mass meeting of all hostesses at 5
p.m. in the ballroom.
Rehearsal of the whole floor show,
at 8 p.m.r
Rehearsal of the chorus of the floor
show at 5 p.m.
Association Fireside: Professor J.
H. Muyskens will discuss "Speech
Difficulties and Social Adjustment"
at the Association Fireside, Lane uall,
tonight, 8 p.m.
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Bldg.
at 4:15 p.m. today.
Dr. L. O. Case will speak on "Inter-
metallic Compounds: Some relations
between physical properties and
Ethics Seminar: The Ethics Sem-
inar which is conducted by the Stu-
dent Religious Association will meet
hereafter at 4:30 p.m. today, Lane
Hall, instead of Friday.
"Christmas Come Across": There
will be a meeting of the Central Com-
mittee in the League today at 5 p.m.
signed up by Tuesday night, Nov. 29,
ar'e urged to be prompt in attendance
Wednesday. All others interested are
cordially invited to attend.
Class in current Jewish problems
will meet at Hillel at 8 p.m. Doctor
Rabinowitz will preside. All welcome,
Avukah will meet at Hillel at 8 p.m.
Theatre Arts Committee: There
will be a meeting at 4:30 today in
The Intermediate Dancing Class
will meet at 7 o'clock instead of 7:30.
Cercle Francais: There will be a
meeting on Thursday, Dec. 1 at 7:30
in Room 408, Romance Languages
Building. If you cannot come, please
call Adelita Oritz at 2-3791.
The Observatory Journal Giub will
meet at 4:15 p.m. Thursday after-
noon, Dec. 1, in the Observatory lec-
ture room. Dr. Dean B. McLaugh-
lin will review the paper, "The Ex-
citation of Absorption Lines in Outer
Atmospheric Shells of Stars," by
Struve and Wurn. Tea will be served
at 4 p.m.
Engineers, Architects and Dcc. De-
sign students interested in plastics
are invited to a lecture on "Plastics
in the Lighting Industry," by Dr. M.
H. Bigelow, Technical Representa-
tive of the Plaskon Co., on Friday,
Dec. 2, at 4:10 u.m. in Room 246 West
Luncheon Lecture: Dr. Sverre Nor-
borg, of the University of Minnesota,
will speak on "Psychiatry and Reli-
gion" at 12:15, Michigan Union, Fri-
day, Dec. 2. Please make reserva-
tions at Lane Hall.
Informal Discussion: Dr. Sverre
Norborg, of the University of Minne-
sota, who is noted for his studies in
Scandinavian Philosophy and Litera-
ture, will discuss informally Ibsen's
Social Dramas, Saturday, Dec. 3, 4
p.m, at Lane Hall.
Scandinavian Club o n Dec. 1,
Thursday evening at 8 p.m., Lane
Hall (upstairs): Mr. Benz will pre-
sent a Movie and give an illustrated
talk on "Recent Trip Through Scan-
dinavian Countries"; Mr. Benz has
some unusual pictures and informa-
tion, which will be of great interest
A social program and refreshments
All Scandinavian members and stu-
dents of Scandinavian descent are
Zoology Club: Dr. James T. Brad-
bury will speak on "Side-lights on
Experimental Endocrinology" on
Thursday, Dec. 1, at 7:30 p.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Horace H. Rack-
Phi Lambda Upsilon: Important
business meeting Thursday, Dec. 1,
7:30 p.m. Conference Room No, 1,
Rackham Building. Research re-
ports. Lunch. Faculty members in-
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet Saturday, Dec. 3, at 8 p.m. in
the Club room for games and refresh-
Sunday, Dec. 4, they will meet at
2:30 p.m. at the :Rackham Building
and will go ice skating at the Michi-
gan Ice Rink. Skates may be pro-
cured at the rink. The group will re-
turn for refreshments to the club'
Publicity Committee of the League:
There will be a meeting at 5 p.m. on
Sophomores: Wednesday and
Thursday, Nov. 30 and Dec. 1, are
the only days on which sophomores
will have preference in buying Prom
tickets. The tickets will be sold at
the desk at the Union.
The Ann Arbor Group of Assembly,
the Ann Arbor Independents, will
have an important meeting Thur's-
day, Dec. 1, in the Kalamazoo Room
of the Michigan League at 4 p.m. The
meeting is being held earlier so that
those who plan to attend the Fashion
show may do so. A very important
announcement of special interest to
this group will be made.
Kappa Phi: There will be a regular
meeting on Dec. 1 at Stalker Hall at
5:15. All members please be present.
Michigan Dames Charm Group#
ing a ticket to Saturday's (Dec. 3)
bowling-dance should call 6567 be-
Michigan Dames hCarm Group:
The December meeting of the Michi-
gan Dames Charm Group will be held