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November 29, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-29

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eather
Fair and waarm.er"-today;
ewhat colder tomorrow

tY I

lJIAirpiga

Iaitg

Editorial
Should Palestine
Be Partitioned?

VOL. XLIX. No. 55 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 29, 1938

PRICE, FIVE GENTS

Chamberlain,
Lord Halifax,
Are To Confer
With 11 Duce
Great Britain To Continue
Drive For Appeasement
Of European Neighbors
Meeting In Rome
Set For January
LONDON, Nov. 28.-(P)-Britain's
travelling Prime Minister is to talk
over with Premier Mussolini in Rome
the British policy of European ap-
peasement which has been balked
temporarily by Germany's drive on
Jews,
The Foreign Office announced to-
night that Prime Minister Chamber-
lain and Foreign Secretary Viscount
Halifax, both of whom were in Paris
last week on an official visit, proposed
journeying to Rome in the first half
of January.,
Mussolini Suggests Trip
The announcement said Mussolini
had suggested the trip to Chamber-
lain when they met Sept. 29 in Mu-
nich and, in answer to the later Brit-
ish proposal of making the meeting
in the first half of January, had stat-
ed "He would in principle welcome a
visit from Prime Minister and For-
eign Secretary at that time."
Authoritative sources said Jan. 10
was a likely date for the statesmen to
meet.
It was expected that high on the
agenda for their talks would. be three
questions:
1. Improyement of Anglo-German
relations, now clouded by Germany's
anti-Semitic. policy. 2. Improvement
of Italian-French relations, and 3.
The Spanish civil war.
The Prime Minister was described
as confident that by personal contact
with uI Duce he might set in motion
negotiations which would lead to a
broad accord anong Britain, Italy,
Germlany nd Franrce.
Suez To Be Diseussed
GermanyIs anti-Sen tic drive, how-
ever, forced postponement of further
direct Anglo-German approaches and
It Duce, as before the Munich con-
ference which din'etnbered Czecho-
slovakia, may be asked to use his good
offices again - this time toward
reaching an Anglo-German under-
standing.
The Prime Minister also was ex-
pected to plead with Mussolini for an
Italian-French understanding, which
probably would bring into discussion
control of the Suez Canal, a conces-
sion of a French Company in which
the British Government has a large
holding; the French railroad between
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and Djibouti,
French Somaliland; Italy's claims in
Tunis; the Spanish island of Mallor-
ca; and belligerent rights for Spanish
insurgents.
n~ ,
Adult Education
Leaders Convene
At Union Flrday
500 Ohio And Michigan
Heads Meet In Second
Regional Meeting Here
Nearly 500 leaders in adult educa-
tion from Ohio nd Michigan will
gather here Friday and Saturday for

the second Great Lakes Regional
Conference on Adult Education, held
this year in conjunction with the
15th annual Michigan Conference on
Adult Education. Points of view on
adult education and the community
school's relationship to adult educa-
tion will be discussed at the confer-
ence.
Morse A. Cartwright, executive di-
rector of the American Association
for Adult Education, will speak onu
"Propaganda and Adult Education"
at a dinner Friday.
"Adult Education and the Future
of Our American Democracy" will be
the subject of a talk by Dr. Eduard
C. Lindeman, of the New York School
of Social Work, at the final luncheon
meeting on Saturday.
The conference is sponsored by the
Michigan Council on Adult Educa-
tion, the Detroit Council of 'Adult
Education, and the American Asso-
ciation for Adult Education, assisted
by the University Extension Service.
Union Bridge Tournament

Recall Of Ambassador Wilson
Shows Vacillating Foreign Policy
U.S. Seems Unwilling To Either Remain Completely
Aloof From European Affairs Or Take Active Part;
Withdrawal Confirmed Anti-Nazi Temper Here

Labor Unions
Defy Daladier
To Stop Strike

Archie Kodros
Is Elected '39
GridCaptain

FDR Meets-envoys;
KL-.,,-...ps Wilson Here,
'.,,Sends Back Phillips

(Editor's Note: This is the second in
a series of articles, in which the writer'
with the help of several members of
the faculty who prefer to remain
anonymous, will attempt to analyze the
foreign policy of the United States in
respect tothe swiftly-moving events
in the rest of the world.)
By ELLIOTT MARANISS
President Roosevelt's dramatic re-
call of Ambassador Wilson from Ber-
lin for consultation and advice,has
focused attention here on the entire
problem of German-American rela-
tions, throwing into sharp relief both
the anti-Nazi temper of the American
people and the basic inconsistency of
American foreign policy: the unwill-
iIigness to either remain completely
aloof from European affairs or to take
an active part in them.
The research staff of the Foreign
Policy Association, in a bulletin re-
leased in July maintains that ever
since Hitler came to power in 1933
American public opinion has shown
a striking hostility toward Germany,
and with this observation most poli-
tical scientists and newspaper com-
mentators are in substantial agree-
ment. The blows struck by National
Socialism at the cherished American
doctrine of individual liberty; at Jews
and the Catholic church; its espousal
of militaristic and racial theories have
awakened active dislike and resent-
ment in the American public at large.
In the world-wide conflict of ideolo-
gies, the belief that Germany threat-
ens American democratic institutions
has been revived. The work of the
Nazi party, the radio propaganda
from Berlin, and the German trade
drive in Latin America have con-
vinced many Americans that a rigor-
ous campaign of defense against Ger-
man fascism is necessary in their own
hemisphere.

In regard to the official policy ofj
the United States toward German-
American relations, most observers
are of the opinion that the American
policy toward the Third Reich has fol-
lowed the main trends of its general
policy-which have been described as
the isolationist trend from 1934
through 1936 and opposition to ag-
gression beginning in 1937. At the
same time, as various State Depart-
ment releases have emphasized, the
Administration, like its predecessors,
has not invoked American rights un-
der the peace treaty with Germany
which might involve this country in
European political questions.
This treaty, signed at Berlin on
August 25, 1921, after a Joint Resolu-
tion of Congress had terminated the
war and had broadly reserved Ameri-
can rights and privileges, secured to
the United States the benefits speci-,
fied in the joint resolution and "all
rights and advantages stipulated for
the benefit of the United States in
the Treaty of Versailles." This coun-
try, however, as is well known, as-
sumed no obligations under the Cov-
enant of the League of Nations, the
clauses fixing Germany's boundaries.
the political clauses for Europe, the
clauses relating to German rights in
other countries, or the labor clauses.
The Roosevelt government, then, as
has been frequently observed, was in
no position to protest the successive
steps by which Hitler freed himself
from the Treaty of Versailles.
The next change in American rela-
tions with Germany did not come
until 1937, and grew out of the in-
creasing international tension. At this
time it was thought that the Roose-
velt Administration had formally re-
pudiated the isolationist program and
0'tontiniupd on Pain e6)

}

Employes Of Government
Disregard CAbinet Plea
Not To Join Movement
Premiier' Threatens,
Aen With Dismissal
PARIS, Nov. 28-(MP--Rising labor
support toiight threatened to para-
lyze France Wednesday by a nation-
wide one-day general strike despite
firm counter-measures of Premier
Edouard Daladier.
Unions of Government employees,
including 520,000 railroad workers
and totaling in all 950,000 public ser-
vants, defied orders from their Cabi-
net ministers to disregard the strike
call.
Strike To Be Wednesday
The General Confederation of
Labor has called its 5,000,000 mem-
bers to strike Wednesday in protest
against the Government's new decree
laws, which suspend the forty-hour
week and impose new taxes.
The General Federation of Federal
employees told its members flatly to
join the strike in the face of a warn-
ing from Daladier himself that they
would be subject to dismissal if they
halted work.
In addition, the Government, al-
ready empowered to requisition the
nation's railway workers, late tonight
announced that a special decree,
which would allow requisitioning un-
der military supervision of all public
service employees,.would be published
in the official journal tomorrow
morning.
Postal Workers Will Strike
l Postal employees accepted the chal-
lenge of the Minister o Posts & Tele-
graph, Jules Allen, who said the Na-
tion's postoffices would remain open.
They declared bluntly, "We will De
unanimously beside the working
classes and in the front of the com-
bat."
Likewise the country's school teach-
ers, in direct opposition to Minister
of Education Jean Za, said they
would demonstrate Wedesday.
Paris subway and bus line em-
ployees, following the lead of rail-
road workers, voted to join the strike.
The Government warned they would
be requisitioned under military super-
vision if they did.
Students Interested
In Cooperatives
Urgred To Enroll
Students interested in slashing liv-
ing costs through cooperative housing
were urged -by Doug Tracy, '40E,
chairman of Congress's Student Wel-
fare Committee, to see him at once
if they wish to enlist in the campaign.
Only a few more will be accepted,
Tracy warned, due to lack of accom-
modations. Those already enrolled
will "have the jump" on late joiners
when the group is weeded out, he
said.
Selection of new members will be-
gin soon with the election of a "selec-
tion committee" at a meeting sched-
tiled for 3 p.m. Sunday, Dec. 4, in
Room 306 of the Union. This commit-
tee will interview applicants, select-
ing the most promising on the basis
of need and cooperative spirit.

I

i1

Stewart-Roddie
Speaks Today
On World War'
Lecturer Has Been Army
Officer, Special Envoy,,
Foreign Commentator
Col. W. Stewart-Roddie, third
speaker of the Oratorical lecture
series, will present his "European
mosaic" of scenes and characters de-
signed to form a comprehensive pic-
ture of the World War and its after-
math in Europe at 8:15 p.m. today, inI
the Hill Auditorium.
As a result of his extensive travels
in Europe, Col. Stewart'-Roddie is
well-qualified for the role of commen-
tator on the European scene. His
work on special missions for Greatt
Britain was recognized by the late
King George V. who made him a Com-
inander of the Royal Victorian Order.
Entering the War in 1914, Col.
Stewart-Roddie saw active service
until in 1918 a "rather close proxim-
ity to a German high explosive shell"
caused his return to England, where
he served his convalescence period as
an aide in His Majesty's Treasury de-
partment.
In 1919 he was with the intelligence
department of the war office. Subse-
quently, he carried, out, special mis-
sions to Germany for the war office,
the Minister of Munitions and the
Department of Overseas Trade.
Leyssae GIves
RecitalToday
Noted Actor, Author Opens
Cercle Francais Series
Paul Leyssac, noted actor, author
and lecturer, will give a dramatic re-
cital in French at 4:05 p.m. today in
Room 103 Romance Language build-
ing, opening the lecture series of the
Cercle Francais. M. Leyssac last ap-
peared in Ann Arbor in 1935 when he
took part in the May Festival and re-
turned that fall to give a dramatic
recital.
M. Leyssac has played on the stage
in Paris. London and New York. After
acting in Paris for several years, he
came to America where he became a
prominent meipber of the Civic Rep-
ertory Theatre, appearing in a'va-
riety of parts including Sorin in,
"The Seagull," Tesman in "Hedda
Gabler." and Leonid in "The Cherry
Orchard."

Seyrig To Give
Ill'tistrated Talk
About Palmyra
Syrian Official Will Speak
Tomorrow Afternoon In
Graduate School Lecture
Henri Seyrig, director of the De-
partment of Antiquities in French
Syria, will lecture at 4:15 p.m. to-
morrow, (Wednesday, Nov. 30) in the
Amphitheatre of the Graduate School
on Palmyrene civilization. His il-
lustrated lecture is entitled "The
Meeting of Greek and Iranian in he
Civilization of Palmyra."+
M. Seyrig is delivering the lecture,
one of the Norton lectures for the Ar-
chaeological Institute of America,
given at colleges and universities
throughout the United States, under
the auspices of the Museum of Clas-
sical Archaeology.
As director of the Department of
Antiquities for the past 16 years and
as director of the Damascus Insti-
tute of the University of Paris, M.
Seyrig has had several articles pub-
lished in the magazine "Syria," a pub-
lication devoted to archaeological
study. He will discuss in his lecture
tomorrow the rise of Palmyrene civ-
ilization and the combined influences'
of the eastern and western world up-
on it,

Heikkinen Again Named
Most Valuable Player
On Football Team
New honors were bestowed on
Archie Kodros", star junior center
from Alton, Ill., when he was elected
captain of the 1939 Michigan football
team, at a, meeting of -he 28 letter-
men yesterday afternoon. Kodros suc-
ceeds Fred Janke who led Michigan
to its most successful season in five
years.
At the same time, Ralph Heikkinen,
All-American guard was chosen the
team's most valuable player for the
second consecutive year.
Played Guard
Enrolling here in 1936, Rodeos
played a guard position on the fresh-
man team but was shifted to center
in his sophomore year due to, the
dearth of experienced pivot, mere.
Kodros showed continual improve-
ment and by the time of the opening
game had- displaced the team cap-
tain from the starting line-up, and
he never relinquished the spot all sea-
son.
With the coming of spring prac-
tice, Kodros continued to 's'how Im-
provement in his passing a Ctd. " his'
blocking and at the , close of . the
spring session, he was awarded. the
Chicago Alumni , Trophy, given an-
nually to the player making the best
showing . in spring practice. This
marked the first time this honor had
beetr given to a letterman.
improved Steadily
This fall inspired by the presence
of first class competition in the per-
son of sophomore Forest Evashevski,
Archie improved continually. By the
time of the opener Evashevski had
been shifted to the backfield and
the center postwas left in the 'cap-
able, hands of Kodros. Playing prac-
tically a full 60 ' minutes in seven of
the eight Wolverine games, Kodros
rated along with John Haman of
Northwestern and Jack. Murray of
Wisconsin as one of the top confer-
enep centers.
Encountered immediately after his
election Kodros stated; "I don't know
;whether I'm more surprised or hap-
py. All I can say is that if I can
do half as well as Fred did this year
we'll be mighty hard to beat,"
Quiet; and reserved off the grid-
(Continued otr rage 3)
Pension Group
Plans Report
Commission Will Submit
Outline Dec. 31
Still uncertain as to its fate when
the new state administration comes
into power, Governor Murphy's pen-
sion plan study commission decided
at a meeting held here yesterday to
submit a preliminary report before
Dec. 31.
The tentative report will attempt
to indicate what the commission con-
siders to be the general nature of the
problem and will include everything
accomplished prior to the actual de-
tailed work, according to Prof.-Xner-
itus James A. Glover of the mathe-
matics department, chairman.
In its effort to develop an actuari
ally sound and at the same time com-
pletely up-to-date system, the com-
m sion yesterday conferred with
Gorge B. Buck, consulting actuary
for New York City.
I LaPorte, Thomas

Celebrate Discovery
Of Radium This Week
Special celebrations this week in
honor of the 40th anniversary of the
discovery of radium by Pierre and
Marie Curie are being held through-
out the state under the auspices of
the women's field army of the Ameri-
can Society for the Control of Can-
cer, Dr. Fred J. Hodges, chairman of
the department of Roentgenology in
the University Hospital, said yester-
day.
A French Society for the Preven-
tion of Cancer has issued a new medal
bearing the portraits of the Curies,
Dr. Hodges revealed, to be awarded
to those giving distinguished service
in the war against cancer.
.QaRe cia
la stall
Is Cancellec.
Kirsten Flagstad, noted Wagnerian
soprano, scheduled to appear tomor-
row in Hill Auditorium under the
auspices of the University' Choral
Union, has called off her concert be-
cause of a severe cold, Dr. Charles
A. Sink, president of the School of
Music, announced late last night.
Born In Norway, Madame Flag-
stad, reputed to be the world's great-
est Wagnerian soprano, care to this
country five years ago. She has made
a number of appearances in .Pain
Arbor. It was not known last night
just when Madame Flagstad would be
able to fulfill her appearance here.
Des(,ljbed as "the greatest living
singer~ by many critics, and _ given
paens . of praise by the press and
radio, Madame Flagstad is rieverthe-
less noted for her simplicity of mari-
ner and lack of ostentation. This fact
has made the cancellation of= her ap-
pearance tomorrow a great surprise.
Filipino Plan'
For Freedom

1
German Jews Pin :Hopes
On Roosevelt To Open
South American. Raven
Relations its Duce
Will Be 81aintained
WARM SPRINGS,_ Ga., Nov. 28.-
(P).The United. States will continue
normal diplomatic relations with
Italy, but her course with respect to
Germany still was uncertain tonight
after another conference between
President Roosevelt and the envoys to
t'iose nations on oppressed minorities
abroad.
Talking with reporters, just before
starting back to Washington, William
Phillips, ambassador to. Italy, said
he would sail Dec.' 10 or 14 to -return
to his post in Rome. He has been
n this country 10 days, conferring
xith the State Department.
Hugh R. Wilson, ambassador to
Berlin, who was summoned home at
the peak of rioting against Jews in
Germany, would not say how long he
would remain in 'Washington, by c
balked at using the word "indefinite-
ly" in describing his stay.
"What is the proper word?" be was
asked.
"I, don't know," he replied; smiling.
I'm going to work in Washington for
sometime. I don't know how "long
I've got certain jobs there to do."
Otherwise, the. two diplomats were
silent on their, talks VV 111 the Presi-
dent in the "Little White House." Any
public announcement would have to
come from him,, they said, as they left
by automobile for :Atlanta to take a
v 1 ght 'train ngrth, .
Xsked whether the, exchange of
views had touched on mistreatment
of CLttholic and Portestant as well as
Jewish minorities, as had been in-
dicated in official quarters, Phillips
said, "you will have to ask the Presi-
dent."
Jews, Look To President
To Furnish Western Owlet

IP res. +Quezon's Proposal
For 1938 Independence c
'Is Rejected By Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28-0'7- c
President Roosevelt today approved t
the report of a Filipino-Ameri-
can committee which decided after
19 months' study that full and
final independence should be granted
the Philippines on. July 4, 1946, as
now scheduled, but that mutually
beneficial economic arrangements
should be continued for 15 years
thereafter.
The suggestion of President Manuel
L. Quezon of the Philippine Common- ;
wealth that the date of independence ,
" might be advanced to 1938 or 1929"
appeared abandoned inasmuch as
Quezon likewise endorsed the joint '
report, made public here 'today.
President Roosevelt- said in a formal
statement that the report had his ap-
proval "as a basis of congressional
consideration for the purpose of cor-
recting the imperfections and in-
equalities of the Independence act of
March 24, 1934 and for the purpose
of making more certain and definite
the future commercial relationships
between the United States and the
Philippines after Philippine inde-
pendence is attained."

BERLIN, Nov. 28.-(N')-Fervent
lopes are expressed by leaders of Ger-
rian 'Jewry that President Roosevelt
grill. be able to persuade the forth-
coming Pan-American Conference at
Liwa, Peru, to tale immediate gener-
ous action in behalf of, German Jews,
The leaders insist that unless aid
comes quickly the tragedy of the Jews
will be unspeakable. They envisage
not only misery, 'btt the possibility of
disease, mass suicides, and even a
criminality born of desperation.
Jewish quarters heard - oYn various
parts of Germany today that arrests
of Jews were continuing. Many who
stayed hidden away from their homes
during the arrest wave of Nov. 10 now=
are being rounded up quietly, reports
said. Word came from the Nazi-
dominated Free City of Danzig of
arge-kale anti-Jewish raids.
Five thousand bewildered Polish
Jews stranded at the Polish "birder
station of Zbazyn today started the
second month of a strange, comfort-
]- ss existence at Poland's front gate
and Germany's back door unable to
move in either direction. They were
rounded up in Germany for depor-
tation 'a month ago, but have been
held at the border by Poland.
J-Hop Elections
To Be Thursday

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History Shows Jews Always
Oppressed, Prof. Long States
The present persecution of Jews in them from his realm, Professor Long
Nazi Germany is but the latest in the declared. They were permitted to re-
long series of governmental oppres- turn a short while later, on the con-
sions of Jews that are recorded by dition that they pay a heavy tax, but
European history, Prof. Dwight C. in ,1306, Philip IV expelled them
Long of the history department said again, and along with them, forced
yesterday. the Knight Templars from the coun-
From early medieval times they try.
have been driven from one nation to Expulsidn from the Low Countries
another, he said, in tracing the his- followed this in 1370, Professor Long
tory of their expulsions. They were explained, while in Spain, tolerance
most numerous in Spain and Italy was granted by the Moors in return
in the early centuries of our era, for financial aid. However, as the
Professor Long said, but under the Moors, were slowly pushed back into
Visigoths in Spain severe persecu- southern Spain and finally, in 1492.
tions were suffered and it is thought their political power came to an end
that they were of aid to the Moors with the fall of Grenada, and an
in the conquest of Spain. In Italy, edict of expulsion for both Moors and
Lothair I-drove them from his king- Jews was issued by Queen Isabella,
dom in 855, with most of them going he said. The alternative of becoming
to France, he continued. baptised as Christian was offered, but
to Frnce n uewsedprotecte it is recorded that over 20,000 were
In England, Jews were protected killed and about 150,000 were driven
and held as chattels of the crown out, many going to Portugal, Profes-
until their exem on fom the la sor Long stated. But treatment there
plus economic jealous roused so was so severe that many voluntarily

Railroad deities Notice
Naming Student 'Agent'
No student has been authorized as
"agent" of the New York Central
railroad, to arrange vacation excur-
ion, J. Ralph Carter, passenger rep-
resentative of the line announced
yesterday, correcting a statement that
appeared in Sunday's Daily that
Maurice Simon, '39, has been so
named.
The railroad official said that this
correction should in no way be taken

Four Polls To. e Open
From 2 To 5, P.M.
Election of J-Hap committee mem-
bers will be held from 2 to 5 pan.
Thursday, Fred Luebke, '39E, presi-
dent of Men's Council, . announced
yesterday,
Voting for candidates in the literary,
and engineering schools will be by
machine, and will take place in Room:
231 Angell Hall, and in Room 348
West Engineering building.
The use of machines has been
adopted in order to insure accuracy
and to avoid confusion, Luebke said.
Lettermen Meet Tonight
To Organize New Clubk

To Lecture Tonight I

I

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