100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

November 26, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

11

Weather
Snow, colder today; generally
fair and cold tomorrow

YI E

131k ig tan

tit

Editorial
NLRB On
The Pan..
Anti-Chamberlain
Spirit Overestimated.

I

n ri iw rr r .w sr. . i rrirruw.r

VOL. XLIX. No. 53 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOV. 26, 1938

PRICE, FIVE CENTS

Hull Demands
German Reich
Pay Austrian
Deb ToT US.
State Department Declares
Substituted Sovereignty
Assumes AllObligations
ecal.s Tension
Between Countries
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25.-(:)-A
new note in which the United States
is believed to have insisted that Ger-
many is responsible for Austria's
debts went forward to Berlin today.
It was a quick reply to a communi-
cation in which the Reich-is under-
stood to have taken the position that
she had nio legal obligation to assume
the debts.
Today's communication was sent
from Washington without even
awaiting the arrival of Ambassador
Hugh Wilson, who is coming back
from Berlin with a comprehensive re-
port on the situation in Germany.
Increasing Differences
The action called renewed atten-
tion to one of the many points of dif-
ference between the two govern-
ments, whose relations have suffered
such a critical strain that both have
called their.ambassadors home.
The new American note was ap-
proved by Secretary Cordell Hull in
one of his last official acts before
departing for New York on the way
to the Pan-American Conference at
Lima, Peru. It answers a German
note of Nov. 17Grelative to American
insistence that Germany assume Aus-
trian indebtedness .outstanding in
this country when Austria disap-
peared into the German state last
March.
In its earlier communication, the
American Government had insisted
that "in case of absorption of a state
the substituted sovereignty assumes
the debts and obligations of the ab-
sorbed state' and takes the' burdens
with the benefits."
Post-War Loans
The debt includes $24,055,708.92
advanced to Austria to feed war vic-
tims in 1920, about $20,000,000 bor-
rowed by the Austrian Government
here in 1930, and certain municipal
and other bonds held privately here.
Another development with some
bearing on German-American rela-
tions occurred today When President
Roosevelt formally proclaimed new
trade treaties with Great Britain and
Canada. The President, as is usual,
called attention to the fact that Ger-
many is on the American trade black-
list.
"Because I find as a fact that the
treatment of American commerce by
Germany is discriminatory, I direct
that such proclaimed duties (con-
tained in the newtreaties) shall not
be applied to products of Germany'"
Mr. Roosevelt said. All other na-
tions will share in the benefits of
the ┬░newtreaties under unconditional
"most favored nation" treatment.
Wilson Meets Hull
After Dramatic Race
A dramatic race by revenue cutter
kandmotor car was climaxed at New
York late today by a brief meeting
aboard ship between Ambassador
Wilson and Secretary Hull.
The cutter'took Wilson off the liIer
Manhattan, which had "poured on
the coal" to make possible the con-
ference, and landed him at the bat-
tery, wheince he was motored to the

Grace Lines pier. There Wilson went l
aboard the liner Santa Clara on
which Hull waited with the rest of
the United States delegation. They
talked for only a few minutes.
At Paris, meanwhile, a Foreign Of-
fice spokesman said that France and
Great Britain had decided to ask-the
United States to seek the coopera-
tion of Latin-American nations in
finding a solution for the problem
of Jewish refugees from Germany.
Berlin Pushes Trade
Purges Against Jews
BERLIN, Nov. 25.-(A)-The Nazi
Government added two more regula-
tions today to its campaign against
Jewish business.
One provided that Jews be dropped
from the roster of registered handi-
craftsmen.
The other was that stocks of Jewish
retail shops, to be liquidated before
Jan. 1, are to be handed over to va-
rious governmental trade depart-
ments or public receivers in bank-
,. n-i nfrv

Trade Pact Fails To Dent U.S.
Tariff Walls, Economist Says

Wynne Sees Agreements
Gashing British Policy
Of Close Knit Empire
By JACK CANAVAN
Although the Anglo - American
trade pact gashed a serious inroad'
into the British Empire's preferen-
tial trade policy, it struck no serious
blow at the protective tariff struc-
ture of the United States, in the
opinion' of Prof. William H. Wynne
of the economics department.
Because of the previous highness
of the rates affected and the fact that
the commodities dealt with are not
particularly competitive, the treaty is
only a step in the direction. of freer
trade, he said.
By and large the agreements tend
to single out commodities where no
keen competition exists between Brit-
ish and American industries. Hence
the criticism of many that the acts
"don't go far enough."
But in view of the blow dealt the
British preferential system, the way
is open to further agreements be-
tween the United States and other
British dominions, he said. A trade
agreement with Australia may well
be the next step.
\ The treaty involved a series of mu-
tual concessions, Professor Wynne
pointed out. In these concessions
Canada, although dealt with in a sep-
arate pact, played a vital role. For
many years certain elements in Eng-
land had clamored for a closer knit
economic structure within the Em-
pire. But such a system was im-
practical as long as England re-
mained a free trade nation, for in
that state, she could offer her do-

minions no return for trade conce -
sions.
Thus when the crisis of 1931 pre-
cipitated England into a protective
tariff policy, the way was opened
for the Ottawa Agreements with their
preferential rates in the English mar-
ket for dominion commodities. Ac-
complished not so much by tariff re-
ductions to dominion commerce as
by increased rates to other nations,
these preferential tariffs resulted in
some diversion of British imports
from the United States to Canada.
The present pact, which abolishedR
preferential rates of about sixI
cents per bushel on Canadian wheat
and reduced the preferential rates on
o t h e r agricultural commodities,
means that wheat from the United
States and Canada may now enter
England on equal terms, while in
other commodities the United States,
would now be in a stronger position
in the British market than before. Tc
compensate Canada; England reduced
a number of preferential rates which
she enjoyed in Canadian markets.
Concessions made by the United
States to Great Britain included, in
addition to concessions in agricultural
commodities, manufactures including
textiles and metals which in the main
are not directly competitive with
those manufactured in the United
States.x
From the standpoint of the United
States, the agreements with Great,
Britain are designed chiefly to bene-
fit agriculture, Professor Wynne de-
clared, since the United Kingdom is
the world's largest market for agri-
cultural imports. With improved
crops and an expected surplus in the
offing, some anticipate tangible bene-
fits, he said.

Co-op Houses
Get Approval
Of Assembly
Independent Women Plan
Drive To Establish New
Cooperative Residences
Dean Of Women's
Office Supports Plan
Folloying the example of Con-
gress which voted last week to cam-
paign for more men's cooperative
houses on campus, Assembly, inde-
pendent women's organization, yes-
terday announced the beginning of a
drive for additional cooperative
houses for women.,
At a meeting of the executive coun-
cil held last week, Vivian Lerner,,
'39, president of the Girls' Coopera-
tive, explained how the house was run
and the benefits it afforded to inde-
pendent women. The council members
supported the plan to establish simi-
lar residences either next semester
or in the fall. It was decided to hold
a meeting for all girls interested in
the movement at 8 p.m. Tuesday. Dec.
6. at the Michigan League.
Gets Deans' Support
The cooperative movement 'on
campus was given the support of the
Dean of Women's Office. "The coop-
erative house, when well-organized,
is a very interesting experience in
group living," Dean Alice Lloyd stat-
ed yesterday. "The Girls' Coopera-
tive House organized in Sept., 1937,
has been a very successful venture. If
a real need for other such units can
be demonstrated,. I should be more
than glad to assist in establishing
more houses where the girls may help
themselves by cutting their expenses
and working in a group project."
Assembly. Head
Betty Jane Mansfield, '39, president
of Assembly, also declared herself to
be in sympathy with the formation
of new cooperatives. "In the past few
years the cooperative movement has
been growing steadily on the Michi-
gan campus. Recognizing the success
of the houses that have already been
organized and real1afrig the desire and
need for more cooperative units, the
Assembly is pledging its support to-
ward establishing more cooperatives
on campus."
Plans for the* cooperative were,
spurred when it was realized that
more than 50 applications for resi-
dence were refused last year because
of lack of room. The present Girls' Co-
Op is able to accommodate only 18
undergraduate women. Inbthe house
two weeks' room and board costs
$11.50 and all the work, including
meal planning, purchasing, cooking
and accounting is done by the women
living in the house.
Bolivia Quells Revolt;
Proclaims Martial Law
LA PAZ, Nov. 25-(P)-The Bolivi-
an Government proclaimed a nation-
wide state of siege, a form of martial
law, today after announcing the sup-
pression of an abortive revolt attrib-
uted to leftist agitators. ,
Police and army units rounded up
20 suspects whom they accused of
having a hand in the planned re-
volt. Among them was Tristan Mar-
off, described by authorities as a left-
ist agitator, who entered the Repub-
lic less than five months ago.

Fights For Life

Ready

To Protest

1a.

5,000,000 Strikers

Daladier Decrees

Nazi Demands
Seen Forcing
Added Grants

'

Nationwide Walkout Is Set
But Premier Threatens
To Take Over Industry

AFL Will Defy
CIU Strike,
In Stockyards
Mediators To Hold Parley
In Chicago Today; Lewis
Urges Quick Settlement
CHICAGO, Nov. 25 -MA - AFL
unionists decided today to go to work
in the stock yards Monday in de-
fiance of 'a strike conducted by the
CIO.
The strike, now in its fifth day and
affecting approximately 600 live-
stock handlers, has halted trade on
the greatest meat animal market in
the world.
The militant move to resume oper-
ations was started by Thomas Dev-.
ero, business agent of the AFL stock
handlers local. He led about 200 men
from the union's hall to the yards.,
There a committee of 35 conferred
with O. T. Henkle, general manager'
of the yards.
"They said they would bring back
between 150 and 400 men," Henkle
announced. "They're going back Mon-
day."
A force of 100 policemen was on
duty in the yards when Devero and
his followers arrived. A few pickets
stationed by the handlers unit of
the CIO Packing House Workers Or-
ganizing Committee remained on
duty.
Devero told reporters he had asked
that the officers be withdrawn when
his men report at 6 a.m. Monday.
Henkle said, however, the police de-
partment would have to decide wheth-
er it should maintain a guard.
President John L. Lewis of the CIO
sent the management a message dur-
ing the day urging a quick confer-
ence to settle the controversy. Henkle
said he had pointed out in his
acknowledgement that federal con-
ciliators already had arranged a peace

Interviewing,
For J-Hop Jobs
StartsMonday
Men's Council Committee
Meets With Men; League
Committee Sees Women
Interviewing for all men candidates
for the J-Hop committee will be held
from 3 to 5 p.m. and 7 to 9 p.m. Mon-
day in the student offices of the
Union, Fred Luebke, '39E, president
of the Men's Council, announced yes-
terday. Women will be interviewed
from 3 to 5 p.m. Monday in the
League undergraduate offices.
Committeemen will be selected at'
a general class election, to be held
Thursday. Voting will be by machine.
Men will be interviewed by the
Men's Council judiciary committee,
composed of Luebke, Marvin Reider,,
'39, Wallace Hook, '39, Wesley War-
ren, '39E, and Joseph Bonavito, '39
BAd. Women candidates will be in-
terviewed by the League Judiciary
Council which is made up of Sybil
Swartout, '39, chairman, Mary Alice
MacKenzie, '39, Barbara Eppstein,
'39, and Betty Slee, '40.
Three to five candidates for each
post will be recommended by these
two bodies to the Men's Council at
its meeting Wednesday, when it will
make the final selections. The official
list of candidates will be announced
in Thursday's Daily.
Students who have filed petitions
should bring University certificates of
eligibility with then3 to the inter-
views, Luebke reminded.

Injections Keep
Pope PiuSAlve;
DoctorHopeful
His Mind Remains Active
As Spells Recur; Strong
Heart Cheers Vatican
VATICAN CITY, Nov. 25--'P)-
Pope Pius XI collapsed today from
a heart attack which tonight caused
attending physicians to summon a
noted hert specialist, Dr. Domenico
Cesa-Bianchi, following emergency
treatment.
Dr. Cesa-Bianchi went into the
Holy Father's simply-furnished bed-
room at 9 p.m. (3 p.m. EST) and re-
mained until 11:20 p.m. When he de-
parted he told persons waiting out-
side the Papal apartment that the
81-year-old Pontiff's condition was
not for the moment alarming.-
Shortly before midnight a Vatican
source said the Pope's condition was
"encouraging." About the same time
a Vatican news agency said there
were no important developments.
The Pope also was visited tonight
by an intimate friend, the Jesuit
Padre Agostino Gemelli, who was re-
ported to have found the patient's
condition "much easier."
' Previously physicians had indicat-
ed that immediate danger to the
Pope's life had passed but his chief
physician, Dr. Aminta Milani re-
mained at or near the side of the
narrow brass bed on which the patient
lay.
Dr. Milani, who treated the Pope
(Continued on Page 21
Strip Tease Artist
Ready To Bare All
To Dies Committee
COLUMBUS, O. Nov. 25 -(-
Gypsy Rose Lee, the strip tease dan-
cer, said tonight she could not go to
Cleveland to appear before members
of the Dies Committee on Un-Ameri-
canism, but promised with a jittery
laugh, "I'll bare everything-if the
committee Will come to Columbus."
She said she was asked tj testify
as to communistic activities In Holly-
wood.
"Maybe we did give parties out
there to raise money for poor kids
and women in China and Spain," she
said. "Is that Un-American? I thought'
it was the American creed to help
the downtrodden."

Value Of Colonies To Reich
Is Almost Negligible,
Henemnan Says
The demand for the return of Ger-
many's pre-war colonies, voiced re-
cently in high Nazi circles, may be de-
signed as a threat to force Europe's
democracies to concessions on other
fronts, in addition to furthering the
territorial expansion of the Reich be-
,yond the seas, in the opinion of Prof.
Harlow I{eneman of the political
science department.
"The economic value of the Afri-
can colonies to Germany would be
very slight," Professor Heneman stat-
ed, "particularly in view of the fact
that they produce only a negligible
amount of the raw materials needed
by the economic and military ma-
chine of the Reich. The greater value
of regaining the colonies would be
from the standpoint of the gain in
prestige, both internal and external,"
he added.
Stand Against Colonization
Concerning the recent announce-
ments from spokesmen in France and
England that supposedly demonstrat-
ed the firm stand that these coun-
tries would take toward any German
plan of recolonization, Professor
Heneman said: "Despite the firm tone
of these announcements, no flat re-
jection of Germany's demands has
as yet been announced officially. It
seems almost certain that the Euro-
pean democracies plan a conference
with Germany in the near future to
discuss the colonial question. The
recent announcements seem more for
the purpose of placating the elements
in those countries who protested the
recent concession at Munich," he
stated.
Expansion Indefinite
"The place of the demand for the
return of colonies in the sequence
of Nazi territorial expansion is not
a definite one," Professor Heneman
added. "The Germans are certain to
expand territorially in some direction
in the near future, but where, it is
not known. Perhaps it will be into the
Balkans, or the Polish Corridor, Mem-
el, or even the colonies themselves.
At any rate, the expansion of the
National Socialist economic sphere
seems inevitable, he said.

All Socialists Unite,
Ask Him To Resign
PARIS, Nov. 25.-(IP)-Premier Ed-
ouard Daladier tonight countered' ,
rapidly growing strike movement di-
rected against him by preparing the
government to take over affected in-
dustries "in case of need."
The Premier acted swiftly and de-
finately at the end of a critical day in
which 'the strong Socialist Party de-
manded his immediate resignation
and the General Confederation of
Labor called a 24-hour nationwide
general strike of its 5,000,000 mem-
bers for next Wednesday.
Both moves were in protest against
Daladier's decree laws which, among
other things, suspended the 40-hour
week.
With a'fmed iobile guards and po-
lice maintaining order among the
country's more than 100,000 strikers)
the Premier issued a decree author-
izing the Minister of Public Works
to requisition strike-paralyzed mines
and industries in the north of France
"in case of need,:"
Confers With Governor
Moving hurriedly after issuance of
the strike call, Daladier, conferred
with the Military Governor of Paris,
General Victor Bourret, the Paris
Prefect of Police, Roger Langeron,
and with General Jules DeCamp, di-
rector of his military staff in the
Ministry of. National Defense and
War.
The National Federation of Rail-
road Workers already had announced
its workers would join the general
strike. Daladier's conference, how-
ever, indicated he plans to mobilize
all railroad workers and send them
-to work as soldiers instead of as :paid
employes in order to keep the rail-
roads running.
As soldiers, they would be liable to
long prison terms if found guilty of
insubordination.,
'Daladier To Galows'
Cries of "Daladier to the gallows!"
rang out in a demonstration of sev-
eral thousands workers in the capi-
tal's North Station this evening short-
ly after the Socialist Deputies of the
Chamber-the largest single group of
the lower house-called for the Pre-
mier's immediate resigratiotn.
This action and the general strike
call constituted two blows which, if
Daladier should decide to try to re-
main in power, will force him to de-
pend upon Rightists for the life of
his government.
The Socialist Deputies unanimous-
'ly 'adopted this resolutio4:
"The Socialist group asks the im-
mediate resignation of the govern-
ment, which is not supported by any
majority,, either in the Chamber or
in the country, and whose policy of
systematic provocation against labor
has become a danger forthe nation
and for the Republic."
SRA Holds Second,
Of 'Work Holadays
The second in, a series of "Work
Holidays" being sponsored by the Stu-
dent Religious Association, will be
held from 1 p.m. to 7 p.m. today at
Lane Hall.
"Work Holidays" are based on the
principle that a group of people do-
ing physical labor on some useful
project benefit the community by
doing a job which would not be un-
dertaken except by volunteers, and
benefit themselves by becoming bet-
ter acquainted with their fellow work-
ers.
Troday the group will work on im-
provements in Lane Hall. At a previ-
ois "holiday" work was done at the
Youth Hostel on the Kemnitz Farm.

Damage Nears $5,000,000 As Fires
In West Force Evacuation Of_ Village

Homes

Of Scree

parley here tomorrow.

ix

Threatened As
Break Out Of

n Stars
Flames
Control

International Group
Postpones Meeting
Sunday's meeting - of the Interna-
tional Relations Club has been post-
poned for a week, Prof. Howard
Calderwood of the political science
department, faculty adviser, an-.
nounced yesterday.
When it is held, the meeting, which
was set back because so many of the'
members went home for Thanksgiv-
ing, will deal with the possibility of
the new German Reich seizing the
whole of Europe. Ann Vicary, '40,
will tell of the advantages of such
an arrangement while Robert Mercer,
'40, will criticize the proposal adverse-
ly.

(By Associated Press)
Evacuation of women and children
from the village of Crestline in the
San Bernardino mountains was or-
dered last night as fires in California,
already having caused possibly
$5,000,000 damage, broke out of con-
trol in many sections.
The fire in the Santa Monica-
Brentwood region was out of control
last night and threatened to eat its
way toward half a hundred expensive
homes in lower Mandeville Canyon,
adjoining Brentwood, where live
many Hollywood Screen players, in-
cluding Joan Crawford, Shirley
Temple, James Stewart and Pat
O'Brien,
The threat to the Mandeville dis-

up and down the east wall of Sulli-
van canyon.
Thrge truck loads of additional fire
fighters were sent to the scene. On
ne front, the flames were halted at
the edge of the estate of Lindsay
Gillis, insurance man.
Firemen in the San Bernardino
Mountains concentrated their efforts
toward preventing the flames from
reaching panorama point on the rim
of the world highway, where the
west end of Crestline would be en-
dangered. It was burning up toward
the point through thick brush.
The San Bernardino fire, reported
to be entirely out of control, places
in jeopardy the highly-developed
Crest forest district and its 4,000
cabins, residences, stores and hotels.
Fanned by a high wind, the flames
jumped fire lines established along a
highway.
Charles M. Plummer, chief dis-
I patcher for the U.S. forest service at

Relief Spending9
May Stay Hiok
Roosevelt Sees Jobs Open
And BusinessImproved
WARM SPRINGS, Ga., Nov. 25-('P)
-Presideit Roosevelt pointed with
gratification today to improved busi-
ness and employment conditions, but
warned relief rolls might. continue
high for some time.
Asked about Labor Department re-
ports of increased private employ-
ment and payrolls, the President toll
a roadside press conference there was
no question that business and job-
giving had picked up.
But he added this did not necessar-
ily mean relief rolls would show a
corresponding drop immediately, be-
cause of several factors.
He explained that last Spring there
were no jobs for a great many per-
sons out of work because, at the low
point, relief spending did not take
care of anything like the number
of people requiring help.
Reports on which he was asked to
make some observations showed
248,000 had been given employment
in mills and factories in October and
900,000 had been re-employed in pri-
vate industries since June.
Mr. Roosevelt said production in
most industries had jumped much
faster than the re-employment of
labor and this was a problem the
Administration had had to contend
with all along.

Professor Allen,
Forestry Head
Of Blaze,_Cites

Former
In Area
Dangers

By ROBERT BOGLE
Forest fires like the one which is
now raging through three million dol-
lars worth of California's terrain are
the most dangerous and destructive
encountered in the United States, ac-
cording to Prof. Shirley W. Allen of
the forestry school, who at one time
served as forest supervisor in that
region.
Fed by tinder, dry and greasy cha-
parral and feathery Jeffery pine of
the mountain slopes and whipped by
winds roaring up tunnel like can-
yons, the San Bernadino fire repre-
sents the most vicious type that the
forester must combat, a fact made
evident by the damage done in the 40
square miles burned so far.

Threats Fail To Faze
Reporter Sonneborn
Harry L. Sonneborn, '40, Dail
reporter whose complaint helpe
bring about the arrest Wednesday c
Louis Wenger, alleged dice game o
erator, disclosed yesterday that h-
had been threatened by friends c
W n srr

I

Two Jackson Inmates

sI

Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan