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Board of Editors
Sports Editor .
Robert D. Mitchell.
Albert P. Mayio
Horace W. Gilnore
Robert I Fitzhenry
S. R. Kliman
. Bud Benjamin
Credit Manager .
Women's Business Manager
Women's Service Manager
Philip W. Buchxen
Leonard P. Siegelinan
. William It. Newnan
Helen Jean Dean
* Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: MORTON C. JAMPEL
,The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
And Seven. .
SEVENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO Satur-
day, the President of this country
stood upon a great battlefield at Gettysburg and,
facing an uncertain future, gave a brief mes-
sage of hope and determination to a battered
nation. Although he thought the world would
little remember what he said there, his words
had an immortal tinge. They embodied the
heart of Lincoln the man, and all for which he
had struggled. But they will live as long as free-
dQm lives, mainly because they were words that
belonged to no one man; they were words that
were deeply etched into the consciousness of the
common man. They were the heritage and the
common bond that composed the American,.Way
and the American Dream.
He .spoke to a "nation conceived in liberty and
dedicated to the proposition that all men are
created equal." He called upon his countrymen
toi highly resolve that "this nation, under God,
shall have a new birth of freedom; and that
government of the people, by the people, for the
people shall not perish from the earth."
Today we stand in another dark moment of
human history when in large portions of the
world the doctrine of human freedom lies crushed
beneath the rolling caissons of military power
and the totalitarian state. There the .doctrines
of, liberty and equality and government by the
people lie buried in the graves of those who were
first to die when fascism marched to power. What
protects us here from a similar fate?
In answering this question it is important to
recognize a distinction between the current in-
terpretation of the economic tenets of laissez-
faire and the fundamental human rights. These
fundamental human rights are tied up with the
basis of political democracy; they follow logically
from the priciple that in addition to rule by
the majority, full opportunity must be given to
the minority to convert the. electorate to its
point of view. They are the unchangeable and
the eternal human rights of the people\ They
include the right of criticism, the right of the
peple to debate the problems of the day. They
mean beside freedom of speech and of the press,
the secret ballot, protection against unlawful
searches and seizures and the right to peacefully
assembl and to organize political parties. These
are the rights that must be carefully safe-
But laissez-faire is something else. The emer-
gence of an industrial civilization built by the
machine early demanded and slowly succeeded
in bringing about the destruction of the medieval
restrictions upon trade and production. A new
and industrious middle class sought power. The
freedom it claimed was the freedom of the indi-
vidual to amass economic wealth. The equality
it asked was an equality of privilege, the creation
of adl aristocracy of wealth beside, and finally
replacing the aristocracy of birth and landed
heritage. But it could not appeal to the broad
mass of people on these grounds. And as early
as 1765 in American life there was an attempt on
the part of those whose interests lay primarily
with property to tie the concept of laissez-faire
tosthe concept of human freedom that motivated
the common man. They sought to instill into the
days" of Coolidge and Hoover. And every new
extension of government into the economic
sphere, motivated by the desire to benefit the
common welfare, arouses wide protest from the
entrenched property interests. The cries of "dic-
tatorship" grow deafening. A
But the true daiger of dictatorship lies in an-
other direction. The threat to human freedom
arises not from the restriction of industrial free-
dom, but from the failure of the government to
regulate the economy in the interest of the gen-
eral . well-being. Either the popularly elected
government must end economic disorganization
and return security, or it will be replaced by a
dictatorship that is not afraid to venture into
the economic seas. That is the lesson of Germany
We must never forget, then, the distinction
between political freedom for the individual and
the freedom of industry from governmental con-
trol. We must not be fooled when freedom is used
as a catchword to beat down reform.
-S. R. Kleiman
Persecution-Here And Abroad
To the Editor:
No incident in recent times has so stirred the
emotions and fired the resentment of the Ameri-
can people as has Adolf Hitler's treatment of the
German Jews. America, through audible public
opinion and through her newspapers, has ex-
pressed her contempt for Hitler and his racial
discrimination and persecution in the abusive
language of an outraged nation. Yet-this para-
dox which is America must realize that in the-
same tirade of scorn which'she releases against
Germany she condemns herself. For, flagrant
though the rape of the Jews in the Reich be, it
could hardly be more flagrant than the treat-
ment which Negroes get in America. Inhuman
though the Hitler methods be, a parallel can
certainly be drawn in the riots and the lynch-
ings which are tolerated under our American
brand of democracy. There is no difference in
kind but a difference in advertised degree. Of
course, Americans are not so much given to the
sensational display which has characterized
the German conduct. One finds records of
lynchings and similar atrocities stuck away in
the corners of even the most lurid scandal sheets.
Americans are more subtle, preferring the more
unobtrusive forms of discrimination. What has
been done in Germany that has not been dupli-
cated in America,? Schools, public hotels, public
vehicles are segregated here, albeit not univers-
ally. Intermarriage is frowned on in the effort
to keep the white blood pure. Imposing economic
fines have been levied by limitation of economic
opportunity and segregation of jobs. And there
has been the suggestion that Negroes be deported
from America. It is a strange conscience indeed
which will allow America to criticize Germany.
Negroes, perhaps better than any other people,
can understand the real tragedy in the situation
of the Jew. For Negroes know the meaning of
hopes blasted by the ignorance of discrimination,
of dreams frustrated by the distorted sense of
values which places a premium on the color of
the skin. Negroes know all too well what it means
to be carried by self-recognition of potential
ability to the very heights of inspiration and
ambition only to be abruptly dropped in the
reality of life in a black circle described by the
misapprehensions of jealousy. Negroes have ex-
perienced that feeling of utter helplessness which
comes only to those for whom Fate has decreed a
life of kicking against the pricks. And yet we are
proud. For we have taken those very pricks and
have shaped them into piercing barbs of eloquent
expression in the music and the literature of the
land. We have fashioned from the black circle
a cathedral of achievement. We have taken our
circumscribed sphere and girded the loins of
American culture. In return, our human rights
have been denied, our very lives placed in the
crude whimsies of depraved and color-struck
morons. We have paid our tribute in benefits
forgot. Our sympathy for the Jew can ring
true with the sincerity of understanding.
Why must this situation exist? Why can't we
turn the mirror'of truth upon ourselves and let
it show us what we know must be a hideous
sight? If we feel obligated to rectify the situation,
in Germany, how much more bound we should
feel to rectify the situation in America.
There will be those who will condemn the
sentiments expressed here as an effort to take
advantage of a tragic situation by an ungrateful
opportunist. If we owe gratitude, it is only to a
God who has given us the courage and fortitude
to hold on to life and the patience to wain for
America to rouse herself. There will be those
who will attempt to dismiss disturbing thoughts
by carelessly noting that we are lucky to be
Negroes in America instead of Jews in Germany.
Think how much luckier some people tare to be
neither. There will be. those, I hope, who will
recognize the injustice in American democracy,
who will begin to think of equality and free-
dom of opportunity in terms of all those possess-
ing these rights. For surely it must be odd for
the Jew to note that the sentiment against
racial oppression in America originates in the
segregated privacy of white democracy.
-John S. Lash, Grad.
Union Management Hit
To the Editor;
For incompetence and for utter disregard of
the rights of members, the management of tIe
Michigan Union has few equals in this country.
First of all, the Union is a non-profit organiza-
-by David Lawrence-
WASHINGTON, Nov. 23-American business
and industry, which used to think that Congress
makes the laws, have been treated lately to a
new form of legislative power exercised by a de-
partment of the government in a manner that
makes the old NRA seem a tame affair.1
For now the Department of Justice has under-
taken to regulate American business, its market-
ing practices and its competitive endeavors, in a
scheme which far surpasses in its drastic char-i
acter the NRA, which the Supreme Court of the
United States, in the words- of the late Justic
Cardozo, denounced as "delegation run riot"
By use of a devise called the "consent decree,"
Thurman Arnold, Assistant Attorney General,
has thrown a scare into American business which
he, himself, insists is unjustified, but there's no
denying he has got hold of a phase of govern-1
mental power which can affect American busi-
ness stability very profoundly.
In some respects, the old NRA was much bet-
ter. Under its procedure, business men met with
the administrator and discussed and agreed on
a code. All interested parties participated in the
hearings, there was n discrimination as against
competitors, and the codes at least had the
virtue of being arrived at without any form of
duress, actual or implied.
Now, under the scheme ievised by Mr. Arnold
-and he is conscientious and sincere in his be-
lief he has developed something constructive-
the Department of Justice files criminal indict-
ments and then waits for the defendants to come
hat in hand to the Department begging for mercy.
As a matter of fact, the Assistant Attorney Gen-
eral says quite naively that he cannot tell them
what to do and that he isn't insisting that they
do anything, but, when they do come to his de-
partment, they are given mimeographed copies
of all previous press releases and departmental
policies and they can, if they like, formulate a
proposal putting an end to the practices com-
plained of and also suggesting other self-rt
-straints which will be in the public interest.
Mr. Arnold declares that the presence of the
criminal indictments has nothing to do with
the negotiations for a consent decree, that he
isn't agreeing in;advance to forgive past offenses,
but that, if a good code is worked out, he will
ask the court to let the defendants off and will
tell the court that the reason he is doing this is
because an agreement has been reached to re-
frain from doing other things not covered by
the indictments or the law itself.
But here is a power exercised by one man which
is greater than the power which Gen. Hugh
Johnson ever exercised. Business men may have
found fault with the General's "cracking down,"'
and yet, as btween the Arnold method of threat-
ening jail sentences and the treatment they got
from NRA, they would a thousand times rather
have the latter.
Arnold Makes The La
For one thing, the Assistant Attorney General
is a law unto himself. He decides what is good
or bad marketing practice because lfe approves
or rejects proposals for consent *derees. He
alone decides that mere agreement to stop doing
something complained of isn't enough, but that
as a penalty something additional must be agreed
to which, admittedly, the Sherman Anti-trust.
Laws do not cover.
Everybody will concede that criminal as well
as civil penalties should be imposed on law-
breakers in the field of monopoly, but it also
will be noted that the filing of criminal indict-
ments on a technicality for a complicated ques-
tion of economics is an abuse of governmental
The unsatisfactory situation created by the
lack of specific rules has been so widely recog-
nized that the President asked Congress to ap-
point a committee to study the matter. The so-
called Anti-Monopoly Committee has arranged
to survey the whole subject, but meanwhile Mr.
Arnold has "scooped" the committee, the Con-
gress and the President. He has put into-effect all
by himself a new scheme to handle the problem
of competition, and, when Congress gets back
here in January, it will find that no legislation
at all is needed-the Arnold Plan is so simple
All that is required is for the Department of
Justice to find a technicality of some kind on
which to file a criminal indictment-and Mr.
Arnold will do the rest.
three years for liability insurance, but this
does not protect the members in case of acci-
dent. Anyone can be injured, crippled for life,
or even killed there through no fault of his own,
and all he (or his estate) can collect is three
dollars anda half towards his emergency care
if that is all the insurance company wishes to
pay. The Union is a nnn-profit organization and
therefore not subject to suit. It certainly seems
strange that with all the legal talent available
some equitable arrangement could not be made to
remedy such a situation. I have been assured
that the present system of liability insurance will
not be changed, in spite of the fact that it
should cost only about a hundred dollars instead
of what the Union pays.
Why should any insurance company be able
to get away with the practice of insuring the
Union for imaginary risks and charging them
for real ones?
The Union is a tax-exempt organization. The
basis of its financing is the fee of five dollars
a semester charged to every full time student for
exclusive use of the Union. Being thus not de-
pendent upon the good will of its users, it can
waste its money on useless insurance, it can
erg rv- -
You of M
By Sec Terry
PIONEERS of any age have had to
stand the abuse of uninformed,
rabble-rousers. Consequently, we will
not deign to answer the calumny of
a certain repudiated sports writer
whose efforts, multiplied or magni-
fied, still total zero-with the ring
knocked off. Unfortunately, this de-
luded hearst of the high swing has
cowered behind the skirts of petite
June Harris, a discerning young lady
who, pitying his misdirected effusions,
graciously offered her really excellent
verse to bolster the wobbly supports
of his perch. Sans soul, he can't un-
derstand a devotee of the Muse; he is
inextricably enmeshed in a maze of
bagatelles and wan maunderings, and
we shouldn't want to dignify the issue
by mentioning it further.
IT WAS LATE Tuesday night when a
young State Street socialite
sneaked unobtrusively into the alley
between the Helen Newberry House
and archaeological museum, clam-,
bered aloft the latter's fire escape
and bommunicated with his estranged
lady friend who awaited at the win-
dow across the way. There had been a
spat, and anxious to conciliate mat-
ters, the dauntless romeo risked being
pinched and thrown into the bastille
as a peeping tom. He presented his
case with matchless oratory but little
effect. as the girl friend nodded him
down. Finally, after many minutes
of heated wrangling, an apparently
amicable agreement was reached, and
to seal it, the dangling casanova-
his temper and tone heightened by
the ordeal-shouted: "Now that's all
settled!" And the motion was carried
by acclamation as Newberry windows
flew open and the concerted applause
of twenty-odd Newberry nancies rang
crisply through the still alley. Be-
sieged by embarrassment, the young
lothario retreated hastily down the
fire escape and scurried into the
night, wondering if love's spell was
really all the magic it was cracked
up to be.
Luigi In The Huddle
PERMIT us to dispose now of a
couple of lingering grid stories
before the season completely expires.
The first concerns Luigi Levine, one
of Michigan's quarterbacks who had
his big inning against Ohio State
last Saturday. Luigi was directing the
Wolverine attack when Fred Trosko
pranced across the goal line for the
third touchdown of the afternoon,
and when the team huddled, he'
waddled out to look the situation
over before calling the extra point
play. He returned in a few seconds,
leaned over and allegedly said:
"Men of Michigan . . . I have
just finished surveying the oppos-
ing defense. This is one of the
last few plays we will be able to
perform for dear old alma mater,
so . . ." Whereupon, he paused,
closed his eyes and snapped, ". . .
eenie, meenie, miny, mo. You
kick the ball." His finger pointed
to Norm Purucker, who hadn't
tried a placement all year. It was
probably just as well.
The hero of our second yarn is
Howard "Jeep" Mehaffey, the smil-
ing fullback. Prior to the game, Me-
haffey was promised an A by a sociol-
ogy prof if he scored a touchdown
against the bold Buckeyes. Well, when
the big sophomore did enter the fray,
he ripped off a sizeable gain on the
first play and but for a final tackler
he might have scored. Some time
later, he came out of the game and
the Soc prof was sitting on the bench.
Smiling jeepishly as he passed, Me-
haffey said, "Well, I oughtta get a B
for almost scoring."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at theC omfie of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30: 11:00 n.m. on Saturday.
THURSDAY, OCT. 24, 1938 should have their elections approved
VOL. XLIX. No. 52 by the adviser in their proposed de-
partment or field of concentration.
Notices Arthur Van Duren, Chairman
Smoking in University Buildings:
Attention is called to the geneial rule Exibitions
versity buildings except in private of- Exhibition, College of Architecture:
fices and assigned smoking rooms Drawings submitted by students at
where precautions can be taken and Minnesota. Cornell, Rensselaer Poly-
control exercised. This is neither a technic, Massachusetts Institute of
mere arbitrary regulation nor an at- Technology, and Michigan for an
tempt to meddle with anyone's per- inter-school problem "A Science
sonal habits. It is established and Group for a Small College." Open
enforced solely with the purpose of 9 to 5, through Friday, Nov. 25. Third
preventing fires. In the last five years, floor Exhibition Room. The public is
15 of the total of 50 fires reported, or invited.
30 per cent, were caused by cigarettes
or lighted matches. To be effective, Exhibition, College of Architecture:
the rule must necessarily apply to An exhibition of hand-made Christ-
bringing lighted tobacco into or mas cards from the collections of
through University buildings and to Professors J. P. Slusser and M. B.
the lighting of cigars, cigarettes, and Chapin is now being shown in the
pipes within buildings-including corridor cases, ground floor, Archi-
such lighting just previous to going ecture Building. Open daily, 9 to 5,
outdoors. Within the last few years except Sunday, through Nov. 26. The
a serious fire was started at the exit public is invited.
from the Pharmacology building by
the throwing of a still lighted match Exhibit of designs, paintings, and
into refuse waiting removal at the drawings by members of Alpha Alpha
doorway. If the rule is to be enforced Gma ainlHnrr rli
at all its enforcement must begin at Gamma, National Ionorary Archi-
the uilingentanc. Frthr . tectpiral Sorority. Horace H. Rack-
she ebuildingtentrance.Further,itham Building exhibition room, mez.
is impossible that the rule should be znn loNv 6t 6
enforced with one class of persons if zanine floor, Nov. 16 to 26.
another class of persons disregards it. The Wilson Ornithological Club
It is a disagreeable and thankless and the Ann Arbor Art Association
ts rulenste" ustacco1present an exhibition of bird prints,
!This rule against the use of tobacco drawings, and paintings in the gal-
within buildings is perhaps the most leries of the-Rackham Buildinga
thankless and difficult of all, unless Friday to Saturday, 9-12; 2-5.
it has the winning support of every- Monday (Nov. 28) to Saturday
one concerned. An appeal is made to (Dec. 3) 2-5.
adl persons using the University build-
ings-staff members, students and
others-to contribute individual co- Lectures
operation to this effort to protect
University buildings against fires. University Lecwre: 1(2i"i Feyrig,
This statement is inserted at the tiiret or of yr wellarimet of An-
request of the Conference of Deans. trated lecture on "The Meeting of
Greek and Iranian in the Civilization
The University Bureau of Appoint- of Palmyra" at 4:15 p.m. on Wednes-
ments has received notice of the fol- day, Nov. 30, in the Rackham Amphi-
lowing Michigan Civil Service Exam- theatre under the auspices of the Mu-
inations. Last date for filing ap- seum of Classical Archaeology. The
plications is given in each case. public is cordially invited.
Juvenile Vocational Rehabilitation
Supervisor. Salary: $250-310, Dec. 6. French Lecture: The first lecture
Game Research Ecologist. Salary: on the Cercle Francais program will
$130-150, Dec. 6. take place Tuesday, Nov. 29, at 4:15
Game Research Mammalogist. Sal- p.m., Room 103, Romance Language
ary: $130-150. Dec. 6. Building. Mr. Paul Leyssac of the
fthpntrP R~inn d~ rip l'OAr in
Game Research Ornithologist. Sal-
ary: $130-150, Dec. 6.
Fisheries Research Technician,
Salary: $130-150, Dec. 6.
Salary: $200-240, Dec. 5.
Tabulating Clerk. Salary: $95-110,
The bureau has alsi received notice
of the following Detroit Civil Service,
Examinations: Last date for appli-
cations to be filed is given in each
case. Residence rule is waived for
1st and 3rd.
Housing Manager (Male) Salary
$4,200, Nov. 29..
Associate Architectural Engineer,
Salary $4,200, Dec. 1.
Engineer of Public Housing, Salary
$5,750, Dec. 1.
Complete announcements of the'
above examinations may be read in
the University Bureau of Appoint-'
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Otlice hours: 9-12
University Bureau of Appointments,
and Occupational Information.
Zoology 31 (Organic Evolutionx):
The second examination will be held
Tuesday, Nov. 29. I will be in my
office Monday, 2-4 p.m., Room 4097
N.S. A. F. Shull.
Pre-Medical Students: All qualify-
ing students wishing to take the
Medical Aptitude Test must purchase
their tickets immediately. Students
e? !-e ejulineany I uv eAV4 II
Paris and of the Civic Reperlory
Theatre in New York will give a dra-
matic recital in French.
Tickets-for the whole series of lec-
tures can be procured from the Secre-
tary of the Romance Language De-
partment (Room 112, Romance Lan-
guage Bldg.) or at the door at the
time of the lecture.
Phi Sigma Lecture Series. The
first in a series of lectures designed
to point out the many unsolved prob-
[ems in the various branches of bi-
ology, will be given Monday evening;
Nov. 28, 1938, at 8:15 p.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing, by Dr. H. H. Bartlett. Dr. -Bart-
lett will speak on "Botany's Unfin-
This lecture series is sponsored by
the Phi Sigma Society. The lecture
will prove of interest to all, and of
special. inter'est to undergraduates
who are contemplating advanced
study in the Biological Sciences.
The public is invited.
Thanksgiving Day: An informal
evening has been planned for Pres-
byterlan students and their friends
from 7:30 to 11 p.m. at the Student
Center, 1432 Washtenaw Ave. A
program of musical numbers and
readings will be given.
Services at the Hillel Foundation:
5:30 p.m., Orthodox services.
8 p.m., Reform services, sermon by
9 p.m. Social hour. Mrs. Jacob
Alpha Kappa Delta meeting at 7:30
p.m. Friday in Room 172, Rackham
Building. All members are invited.
Dr. Stewart Lottier will be the speak-
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at the Rackham Building Sat-
urday, Nov. 26 at 7:30 p.m. From
there they will go to the Intramural
Building for swimming or any other
sports the group desires. Later re-
freshments will be served at the club
The Suomi Club will hold a meet-
ing at 8" o'clock Friday, Nov. 25 in the
upper room Lane Hall. All Finnish
students are cordially invited.
Cooperative Housing: Second meet-
ing of men working on forming a new
cooperative house for next semester
Sunday, Nov. 27 at 3 p.m. in Room
306, Union. All interested are in-
I I 1 1 q .1 I AI I I1 whose pre-medical requirement will
be completed so that they can enter
Belgian admiration for Mr. Cham- in the fall of 1939 a medical school
belain has led that land to pay him where this 'examination is a require-
a charmingcompliment; for, one ment foi entrance must take the test
hears, it is now the fashion. for every at this time since it is giveik but once
Belgian gentleman to imitate the a year. Students expecting to apply
custom of Britain's Prime Minister, for admission to the University of
and to carry an umbrella; which is Michigan Medical School must take
no longer known as "un parapluie," this test.
but as "un Chamberlain." More complete information may be
The umbrella must be reckoned obtained in Room 4, University Hall.
fortunate. It is now in a far different Watch this column for further an-
case from its ally, the mackintosh, nouncements.
which preserves only the name of an -----
individual signifying nothing to the Sophomores, College oW L.S. and A.:
geneiral populace, and which with Second semester elections must be
obsolescence is likely, thei efore, to apof uigte e-o rmNv
enconterals oblvio Fortheapproved during the period from Nov.
encounter also oblivion. For the 28 to Jan. 28. E-ach sophomore ex-
"Chamberlain" must be placed in the cept those expechting to qualify for
same category as the Gladstone col- concentration in February, 1939, will
lar, and the Gainsborough hat, and be sent a postcard giving specific in-
should it ever become extinct, the formation concerning the proper pro-
recollection of it would be safely pre- cedure. It is the responsibility of each
served by reason of the name attached individual to follow directions care-
to i fully. Cooperation in making and
One wonders if, at such a period in keeping appointments will give each
the dim future, the recollection might stdndqaeopotnt ods
not be entwined with many legends student adequate opporthi ctos
celebrating this association of the cuss his elections with his consela
man and the umbrella-if, for ex- and will prevent confusionand delay
ample, Pitt's exclamation after Aus- Sophomores who expect to qualify
terlitz, "Roll up the map of Europe!" for concentration in February, 1939,
might not have then a companion