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November 17, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-17

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Unsettled today and tomorrow;
slightly warmer.





The Pogrom: An
Integral Part Of Fascism

VOL. XLIX. No. 46




- i

Student Heads
To Reich Acts
Petition University To Call
Classes Off At 11 A.M.
Tomorrow For Meeting
Ruthven Is Asked
To Be Chairman
Plans for a campus meeting tomor-
row to'protest the persecution of Jews
and Catholics in Germany were made
yesterday by the Committee on Hu-
man Rights, a temporary coalition
group formed to handle arrangements
for the meeting. The time and place
of the meeting will be decided, pend-
ing decision of University authorities
on dismissal of eleven o'clock classes,
Robert Emerine, '39, chairman of the
committee, said. Definite word on de-
tails of the meeting will be sought to-
day. Petitions in support of the meet-
ing have been signed by leaders of
more than 50 campus organizations,
and by several members of the facul-
An outside speaker will probably
be engaged to address the meeting,
as well as a student speaker, Emerie
said. Prof. Joseph R. Hayden, chair-
man of the political science depart-
ment, and Dr. Edward Blakeman,

Hitler And Fascism Denounced
In Speech By Lillian Mowrer
Writer Claims World War be composed of "Asia, Germaliy and
Inevitable Due To Stand the two Americas."
Tracing the rise of Hitler, who was
Maintained By Dictator brought into power on "the fulcrum
of German self-pity," Mrs. Mowrer,
Predicting that continued fascistic author of "Journalists Wife," de-
aggression will lead inevitably to war, clared that propertied classes in
Mrs. Lillian Mowrer, writer and wife France and England, afraid of the
of foreign correspondent Edgar An- bogey of Soviet Russia, saw in the
sel Mowrer, bitterly denounced the Nazis a movement of "the better
Munich settlement in a speech which people." Too, the British believed
climaxed an InternationalhRelations France had become too powerful and,
dinner held yesterday in the League. in an attempt to reduce this power,,
Stigmatizing Hitler as a dictator aided Hitler. This policy weakened
whose chief weapon is a "fundamen- ( France and continually strengthened
tal contempt for human nature," Mrs. Germany and Italy.
Mowrer, whose husband became one "Even in Parisian drawing rooms I
of the best known of American jour- heard the phrase 'Better Hitler than
nalists after his graduation from Leon Blum,"' Mrs. Mowrer related.
Michigan, prophesied that democracy 'Dictatorship was preferred-it would
will only survive if the peoples of safeguard the rights of property."
France and England throw off their America's withdrawal from Euro-
present leaders. pean affairs after the war kept the
The foreign situation today re- continent in a state of unbalance, she
minds her, she said, of the day in said. This was intensified by the de-
1924 when a high German official pression, which left people interested
told her that the world someday will in their own affairs and made them
-- disregard the violations of interna-
W il ,gtional law by the fascists.
U s W ill 1$ i . Always using the technique of creat-
ing internal unrest and then going
B i'iish I rade in to "remedy the siutation," the to-
British Trade talitarian leaders continued their ad-
.u vance. Finally they prepared to win
Accord Today Czechoslovakia, home of 3 milliont
Germans and 11 million Slays.
"Whether they wanted it or not, the
Gerinan-American Trade Nordic peoples were going to be
combined in one Reich," Mrs. Mowrer
Declne Is Looked For declared.
Because Of New Treaty . Czechoslovakia contained its Ger-
man minority because Bohemia was
WASHINGTON, Nov. 16.-(-- (Continued on Page 2)
The United States and Great Britain,'
drew closer together today by an-i J-Hop Petition
lnouncing the conclusion of their re-
ciprocal trade agreement, while the D eadline
United States and Germany driftedn
farther apart. For Tuesday
The State Department said the Or _ J

Danish Public

The Associated Press reported
yesterday that some 3,000 faul--
ty members and students of Co-.
lumbia University signed a letter
to President Roosevelt written by
Nobel prize winner Harold C.
Urey, urging him to follow Theo-
dore Roosevelt's precedent in
protesting the Kishkinev pogroms
i1 Russia and severe trade rela-
tions with Germany.
The Detroit Free Press this
morning reported city - wide
preparations are being made to
protest the treatment of suf-
fering minorities in;Europe and
in. particuilar on \behlf of the
Jews in Germany. A Christian
mass meeting Friday night will
open the series of weekend
student religious counsellor, are as-
sisting t o thearrangements for
speakers. President Ruthven will be
asked to chair the meeting.
The meeting was endorsed by six
local clergymen, Rev. Fr. Thomas
R. Carey, of St. Mary's Chapel; Rev.
David A. Blake, of African Methodist-
Episcopal Church, Rev. Leonard arr,
of the Congregational Curch; Rev.
H. L. Pickerill, of the Church of
Christ Disciples; Rabbi Isaac J. Gold-
man, of the Hebrew Synagogue, and
Rev. H. C. Busching, of the West
Side Methodist-Episcopal.
Among the organizations sponsor-
ing the meeting are the American
Student Union, the American Feder-
ation of Teachers, the Deutscher
Verein, Polonia, t h e American
League for Peace and Democracy,
the Chinese Student Club, and the
Negro Student Club.
Lawyers Name
Appointees To Fill Social
And Executive Positions
Appointments in the senior law
class were announced last night by
Charles Z. Thomas, president of the
Jay H. Sikkenga and Henry L. Pitts
were named to head the Crease Ball
committee. Allan A. Rubin was chosen
permanent class secretary, Jack K.
Pedigo was named chairman of the
executive council, Donald M. Swope
was appointed chairman of the pro-
gram committee, Louis W. Ritz and
George K. Hebb were made co-editors
of the Law Review, and Kennard
Besse business manager, Jack F.
Smith and Ward P. Allen were named
co-chairman of the social committee.
Bernard Weissmann was appointed
chairman of the judiciary committe,
William R. Studley was chosen chair-
man of the picture and cap and
gown committtees, L. D. Verdier was
put in charge of the general affairs
committee, and Walter Martin and
John R. Porter were named co-chair-
man of the finance committee.


British and new Canadian trade pacts
would be signed at the White House
at 4 p.m. tomorrow. Prime Minister
Mackenzie King of Canada will come
here for the signing. Secretary of
State Hull, Mr. King and probably
the British Ambassador, Sir Ronald
Lindsay, will speak after the cere-
Links Two Nations
The Anglo-American agreement
links two countries enjoying 40 per
cent of the world's trade, makes the
19th agreement concluded by Secre-
tary Hull and brings under trade
agreements about 60 per cent of our
total trade.
At the same time it has the effect of
excluding Germany further from
trade with this country and deepens
the abyss between the Reich and the
United States.
1,000 Concessions
Officials estimate that about 1,000
tariff concessions are granted by both
sides in the Anglo-American agree-
ment. Since Germany. is on the
United States economic blacklist be-
cause she discriminates against
American trade, she will not be en-
titled to share in the tariff reduc-
tions granted Great Britain as other
nations enjoying most-favored-na-
tion treatment from this government
will be able to do..
"Trade between Germany and the
United States, which has already de-
clined considerably in 1938, may ex-
perience a further drop. In a sense,
the new pact is considered Hull's
answer to the challenge presented by
Germany's trade practices, such as
barter deals.

13 Positions Available;
Petitions Should Include
Certificate Of Eligiiblity
All petitions for the J-Hop com-
mittee must be submitted by 8 p.m.
Tues'day to the Union student offices
or the League undergraduate offices,
it was announced yesterday by Fred
Luebke, '39E, president of Men's
The J-Hop committee as estab-
lished in the Men's Council resolu-
tion of Oct. 27 will be composed of
13 members to be chosen at a gen-
eral class election as follows: three
men and two women from the lit-
erary college, three from the en-
gineering college and one each from
the architecture, music, nursing, edu-
cation and the combined pharmacy
and forestry schools.
Petitions should contain 200-word
statements of the applicant's 'quali-
fications and should be accompanied
by University certificates of eligibili-
ty. Literary students' applications,
should include signatures of 35 liter-
ary juniors, engineers. signatures of
25 engineering juniors and those of
candidates in the five other schools,
20 signatures of juniors in their re-
spective schools. Each junior may
endorse only one man and one wom-
an, and violation of this provision
will result in disqualification, Luebke
Petitions received by the dead-
line, Tuesday, will be considered first
by the judiciary committees of the
Men's Council and the League.

Thomas Dossing Discusses
Folk High Schools
Of Denmark
The important part which the li-
braries of Denmark play in its pro-
gram of adult education will be dis-
cussed by Dr. Thomas Marius Dos-
sing, director of the Public Library
Administration of Denmark, in a
University lecture, "Folk High Schools
of Denmark," at 4:15 p.m. today in
the Natural Science Auditorium.
Dr. Dossing, who has been connect-
ed with the Danish Public Library
system since his youth, holding posi-
tions in the Royal Library at Copen-
hagen and the State Library at
Aarhus before becoming head of the
Administration in 1912. has repre-
sented the Danish Library Associa-
tion on the International Library
Committee for many years and is
widely regarded as an authority on
the library movement in the Scan-
dinavian countries, where libraries
play an importt part in popular
He has taught librarianship in
high technical schools at Copen-
hagen and has been the editor of
the "Danish Index to Periodicals"
and "Book World." His lecture tour
in the United States is being made
under the auspices of the American
Scandinavian Foundation, dedicated
to the promotion of cultural and po-
litical relations between the United
States and Scandinavian countries.
The General Library and the de-
partment of library science are spon-
soring his lectures here.
Medical Off icers'
Will Be Elected'
Two Parties Will Compete
In Fresh m ien Elections
Two slates of officers will compete
in the Freshman Medical School
election to be held at 4:30 p.m. to-
morrow in the Human Gross Anato-'
my Lecture Room of the West Medi-
cal Building it was announced by the
respective campaign chairman last
The Coalition slate, as announced
by Gordon Carver and James Smith,
co-chairman, nominates Neil Mc-
Grath, Alpha Kappa Kappa, presi-
dent; Donald Cooper, Nu Sigma Nu.
vice-president; James Lyons, Alpha
Kappa Kappa, secretary; Arnold
Friedman, Phi Delta Epsilon, treas-
urer; Milton Miller, Phi Delta Epsi-
lon, first year honor man; and Hen-
ry Gomolowicz, Phi Beta Pi, second
year honor man.
The opopsing slate, announced by
Nelson Green, chairman, includes
Charles Darling, Phi Chi, president;
Ruth Steinke, Independent vice-presi-
dent; Charles Crook, Independent,
secretary; Edward MacKenzie, Phi
Rho Sigma, treasurer; Green, Phi
Chi, first year honor man; and Syl-
vester O'Connor. Independent, sec-
ond year honor man.
All Medical School Freshmen are
eligible to vote and must present their
eligibility cards at the time of vot-
Areitect To speak
On Landscaping
Dr. A. D. Taylor, president of the
American Society of Landscape

CIO Adopts
New Labor
1st Congress Of Industrial
Organizations Outlines
Polices Of The Future
Martin Promises
Support Of U.A.W.
new Congress of Industrial Organiza-
tions, rolling at top speed, established
a constitution today without dissen-
sion and swung into the task of writ-
ing its economic and indust:ial poli-
cies for the future.
The convention approved, shortly
before adjournment, until tomorrow,
strict observance of its contractual
relations with employers as an "un-
shakable policy."
Homer Martin, international presi-
dent of the United Auto Workers
Union, supporting the resolution in-
corporating that policy, pledged that
his union would do its part to ob-
serve contractsin the auto industry.
He promised, too, to write contracts
with every auto maker and parts
manufacturer in the nation.
The U.A.W. has contracts with all,
major auto manufacturers except the
Ford Motor Co.
Martin voiced approval of the
C.I.O.'s declaration that peace and
unty in the labor movement depend-
ed upon recognition of the principle
of industrial unionism by the Ameri-
can Federation of Labor.
"We are for peace in the American
labor movement," he said. "We be-
lieve workers of the nation can be
benefited by a united labor move-
ment. But we understand also that
there can be nonunited labor move-
ment unless the principles of indus-
trial unionism for mass production
industries is made a part of that labor
The ten-point constitution vested
broad powers in the hands of its offi-
cials, and provided for the collection
of a "war chest" at more than twice
the rate of the rival A.F.L.
John L. Lewis, chairman of the
convention and apparently certain of
election as president of the new labor
group, demonstrated the firm grip
he held on the 500 delegates during
the day when he crushed a move by
some delegates to change part of the
constitution as drafted by a constitu-
tional committee.
Gargoyle Late -Hodge
Won't Break Precedent
Gargoyle's Love Story Magazine
will not be out today.
The reason, for this-Max Hodge,
'39, its editor, does not feel quite up
to breaking the long-established pre-
cedent of never making a deadline.
Instead the campus humor magazine
will go on sale Tuesday, Nov. 22.
This issue will contain three mag-
azines in one according to Hodge,
including within its pages the regu-
lar Gargoyle "humor," the picture
section and the new Love Story Mag-
azine. In addition, more cartoons
than ever before will be used,

Africa stated bluntly they would p-
pose any return of Germany's old
colonies now entrusted totheir care.
These three countries have almost
all of Germany's old colonial em-
pire - more than 1.000,000 square
miles of the total of 1,130,000. Mal-
colm MacDonald, British Dominions
and Colonial Secretary, said his gov-
ernment "did not contemplate the
transfer of any territory under Brit-
ish administration;." Premier Edou-
ard Daladier of France said "no
cession has ever been envisaged, nor
could one be;" and Gen. Jan Chris-
tian Smuts, veteran South African
soldier and statesman, said "we are
going to defend South Africa and its
vital interests, including southwest
Africa, to the uttermost."
While Germany went ahead with'
her anti-Semitic program, Jews went
into seclusion in anticipation of to-
day's scheduled funeral in Duessel-
dorf of Ernst Vom Rath, the German
Paris legation seetary who was slain
by a young JeW' The Jews feared
furthger mob outbursts. Germany is
honoring Vom Rath as- a martyr to.
the Nazi Reich.
Meanwhile representatives of 31
nations composing the Evian Inter-
governmental Refugee Conference
were disclosed to have made over-
tures to the Berlin foreign office con-
cerning refugees from. Nazidom. A
meeting of the five. heads of the con-
ference is planned to be held within
the next two weeks.
German newspapers contented,
themselves with suggesting President
Roosevelt's Tuesday announcement
of defense plans for the Western
Hemisphere and denunciation of
Jewish persecution was for the pur-
pose of covering imperialistic ambi-
tions in South America.
Adolf Hitler's Voelkischer Beobach-
ter said that the President was pic-
turing an "imaginary menace" and
that suspicions were cast on other
powers "in the interest of United
States armaments."
Great Britain patched up relations
with Italy, finally recognizing form-
ally Italy's conquest of Ethiopia and
putting into effect after long delay
the Anglo-Italian friendship pact
first signed last Easter.

U.S. Aroused
By Fascists'
Latest Moves.
NEW YORK, Nov. 16.-(A)-The
mounting American wave of indig-
nation over Germany's antrSeitlc
campaigns today swept in newpr-
posals for resettling Jewish refugees
in this country and Africa as well as
demands for economic and diplo-
matic reprisals against the Nazi re-
Meanwhile, six Catholic digntarie
on a nation-wide radio (NBC-CB).
broadcast voiced what their master
of ceremonies, the Rev. Maurice
Sheehy of Washington, said was
"firm indignation against the- atro-
cities visited upon the Jews in Ger-
many. "
Smith Is Speaker
Others speakers were Alfred E.
Smith, Papal chamberlain and form-
er Governor of New York; Arch-
bishop John J. Mitty of San Fran-
cisco; Bishop Peter L. Ireton of
Richmond, speaking from Baltimore;
Bishop John Mark Gannon of Erie,
Pa., from Cleveland; and Msgr. Jo-
seph Corrigan, 'rector of Catholic
University, from,'Washington.
More than 100 bishops, ministers
and laymen of the Methodist Epis-
copal Church, here for the 120th an-
nual meeting of its Board of Foreign
Missions, unanimously adopted a
resolution condemning "unspeakable
persecution" in Germany.
Africa For Refugees
Estelle M. Sterberger, executive
director of World Peaceways, sug-
gested that British areas in South
Africa b set aside for refugees and
that credits for'the colonies be fur-
nished by England, the United
States, France and the Netherlands,
In support of an existing refugee
program, approximately 20,000 per-
sons in New York, which has the.
largest Jewish population of any city
in the world, bought tickets for the
5th annual "Night of Stars" benefit
at Madison Square Garden.
Proceeds of the benefit, with niore
than 400 celebrities participating,
will go to the United Palestine Appeal
for the settlement in Palestine of
Jews from Germany, Austria and
H. S. Pricipals
To, Meet Today
Freshmen May Confer
With Former TeachersN
Freshmen representing 74. high
schools and preparatory academies
will have an opportunity to confer
with their former teachers, principals
and superintendents during the 12th
Innual high school principals' meet-
ing which is being held today in the
Rackham Building.
The meeting is sponsored by the
University in order to make possible
the establishment and maintenance
of contacts between secondary schools
and their former students who are
now in college, said Ira M. Smith,
registrar. These contacts are very
important because of the guidance
they afford the freshmen, aiding
them in meeting the many problems
which arise daily, he continued,
National Schoolho u Inh

Britain And Franc<
Refuse To Returi
ColoniesTo Reidl
Roosevelt Called Scaremonger;
Refugee Group Plans To Me(
General Smuts Declares He Will Defend South Afri
To The Vtermost'; Jews In Germany Fear Rurther
Reprisals As Vona Rate Is Buried A Martyr
(By Associated Press)
Germany, whose subjugation of the Jews has aroused concern in ma
of the world's leading nations, heard the governments of three key.countr
declare their flat opposition Wednesday to return of colonies Germa
had before the war.
Discussion of Germany's colonial demands had proceeded behind t
scenes since almost immediately after signing of the Munich Four-PoV
accord in September, but yesterday suddenly and simultaneously represeni
tives of the governments of Great Britain, France and the Union of Sou

Guidance Institute Emphasizes
Need For Delinquency Prevention

Current Campus Best - Sellers
Revealed In Book Store Survey
By MORTON L. LINDER fer the better type of fiction for their
and HARRY L. SONNEBORN leisure reading. The biggest trend
After four (or more) years of col- this year, probably due to the
lege, one thing the final "cultured" scrambled foreign situation, is to-
product, fresh from the assembly ward reading more of the current
line, has learned is that books are events books, such as 'Inside Europe,',
quite a noble institution. 'The House That Hitler Built' and
From the very first semester on others in the same vein. Current stu-
campus. when the wide-eyed fresh- dent best-sellers are: 'And Tell of
man learns that all his courses call Time,' Dynasty of Death,' 'Listen!
for text books, all of which have been The Wind and 'With Malice Toward
"revised" for the current campaign, Some .
the student is constantly reminded that students generally prefer the
that there is something to this read-
ing business after all. And, from the best-sellers.' That is the current
beginning, of course, he is ever-grate- books receiving the most public atten-
ful to his thoughtful professors who hion. This season especially there
were reluctant to entrust his reading tion.' Those books ranking high on
to foreign hands and who therefore teperencelist ar T Year-
wrote three or four texts "which have tie'preferenc'theYar-
been placed on reserve at one of the i 'M Son ' S s Malce
loca boostors."Toward Some,' 'The Horse and Buggy,
local bookstores. Doctor,' and 'Listen! The Wind.'
In spite of the fact that text books Three books from last year's crop
have more or less of a corner on the tht hae l in f. -. _. .,..

(Editor's Note: This is the sixth in a
series of articles on the various soci-
ological research, training, and service
groups at the University.)
Challenging every community in
Michigan to provide facilities for cop-
ing with the problem of their mal-
adjusted and delinquent children, the
Child Guidance Institute is further-
ing a fourfold program in an effort to
educate people to the need for ade-
quate social work in this field.
The work of the Institute, headed
by Dr. Lowell J. Carr, is unique in
that it combines an intensive study
of the problems and the background
of a community with actual handling
of the cases in that area.
Established by the state legislature
in 1937 under the Palmer-Flynn-
Martin Bill, the Institute has only
begun to scratch the surface of the
huge task that faces it, according to
Dr. Carr, but it plans to make the
state of Michigan conscious of the
need for prevention and cure of crime
and delinquency.
The first part of its program is
that of research. The Institute has
been working in Clinton County, north
I of Lansing the most tvnical rura1

function will necessarily enlarge with
jIn the important field of publicifty,
the Institute issues a monthly "De-
linquency News-Letter." The publica-
tion has a picked circulation among
officials in the state, and influential
persons that reaches 8,800. Few people
outside the state are able to obtain{
subscriptions. In addition the Insti-
tute's experts are constantly giving
lectures, talks, and issuing numerous
explanatory pamphlets concerning
their own work and the potentialities
of th6.field.
Art Cinema Leagule
To Show Beethoven
Film HereTonight
"The Life and Loves of Beethoven"
starring Harry Bauer will be shown
at 8:15 p.m. tonight, tomorrow and
Saturday and at 3:15 p.m. Friday at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre by
the Art Cinema League.
With the conposers own music as
a background, the film depicts the
various crises in the tragic life of
Beethoven ,his nhannv enxprienc

To Give

High Seniors
'Quality Street'

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