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November 08, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-08

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7 A.M. ELECTION

FINAL

I

VOL. XLIX. No. 39 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 8, 1938

PRICE, FIVE CENTS

x
;Ak. swo --M

Fitzgerald Noses Out Murphy By Small Ma
Republicans Return Strongly Throughout N

trgrn
atior

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_'.

.

Lehman Beats Dewey For New York Governorship

Wayne, Mead
AlsoWin Posts
In State Sweep
Dewey's Upstate Majority
Crumbles As Lehman
Secures New York City
Governor To Serve
Four-Year Term

New York Winner

NEW YORK, Nov. 9-Up)--Gov
Herbert H. Lehman, Democrat, was
re-elected in yesterday's nationally
important New York election and,
on the face of nearly completed re-
turns early today, II other major
members of the Democratic ticket
likewise "were successful.
Democratic Senator Robert F. Wag-
ner, after trailing briefly, overtook
John Lord O'Brian, his Republican
opponent, and with 7809 of19051 ds
tricts; reporting 'had 2,195,441 to
O'Brian's 1,814,918. James M. Mead,
Democratic candidate for the short
term Senate post, likewise overtook
Edward F. Corsi, the Republican
candidate, who-this morning conceded
the election.
e ; . cbztpaa~ Leads
With 9,00l5 o 9,b.1 districts re-
porting in the entire, state, the vote
stood: Lehman, 2,374,672 Dewey
2,302,842.
Gaining an early lead as the eastern
precincts reported, Gov. Leh han was
passed in tile race as up-state dis-
tricts gave their expected support
to his youthful opponent, Thomas E.
Dewey, district attorney of New York.
With the all-important New York
City vote, however, Gov. Lehman
once more, forged ahead 'and, at 1
a.m., ]Dewey conceded defeat, saying
"Hearty congratulations on your re-
election. I wish you every success and
happiness."
The result ws directly favorable
to President Roosevelt, since he had
publicly appealed for the three top
members of the Democratic ticket.
Closest Call
It was by far the closest call Leh-
man hdd had in all his four races-
the figured inclding this one-for the
Gov rnorship. In 1936, he won by
more than 500,000.
Thistime, he willserve a four-year
*rm-an innovation in this state
His first three terms were for two
years each.
Voting was heavy in many parts
of the state, with weather varying
from bright sunshine to rain squalls
in the van of an expected cold wave.
Early rains and alternate sunshine
and mists made New York City voting
irregular in volume during the day.
Dewey caimpaigned chiefly on
charges that the state was dominated
by "corrupt nichines" of Democrats
which no Democratic administration,
no matter how virtuous, could sweep
away. He seldom expressed a stand
on national issues. Lehman spoke of
his administrative achievements in
social security and other fields paral-
leling New Deal federal acts.
It was a slim victory for Lehman,
for with more than 4,670,000 votes
tabulated of n expected total of
(Continutecion Page 2),
Downey Leads
CalRfornia Race
Early 'Ham And Eggs
Returns Unfavorable
Sheridan Downey, liberal Demo-
cratic supporter of the $30-every-
Thursday pension plan, and Demo-
cratic Culbert Olson this morning
held their leads respectively for the
California senatorship and the gov-
ernorship in late election returns,ac-
cording to the Associated Press.

GOVERNOR LEHMAN
Stuident Senate
Will Request
4-Day Holfiday
Delegate To Present Plea
For Long Thanksgiving
At Deans'_Parley Today
The perennial student plea for ex-
tended Thanksgiving Day holiday will
be presented for the campus-at-large
by Seymour Spelman, '39, at the
Deans' meeting this morning, it was
announced at the meeting of the Stu-
dent Senate last night.
With unanimous resolutions con-
demning "the method and proce-
dures" of the Dies investigating com-
mittee and the activities of Jersey
City's Mayor Hague, the Senate also
struck out against forces of 'reaction
in the U.S.
Student agitation for a four-day
November holiday has been recur-
rent for many years on this campus,
Spelman explained. Last year peti-
tions with 4,000 signatures were sub-
mitted to University authorities,
recommending the granting of this
prolonged Thanksgiving holiday.
Copies of the resolutiof, introduced
by Harold Ossepow, '39, whichl
charged the Dies Committee on six
counts, will be sent to Gov. Frank
Murphy, Congressman Dies and to all
Michigan Congressmen.
The resolution denouncing the4
(Continued on Page 6)

G.O.P. Wins
Washtenaw
County Easily
Prosecutor Rapp Beats
Democrat Thompson
By Smallest Majority
Pension Plan Gains
Sweeping Approval
Traditionally Republican Washte-
naw County gave G.O.P. candidates
one of their most overwhelming ma-
jorities in recent years yesterday in
unusually heavy balloting.
Only in a few cases did individual
Democratic candidates, snowed un-
der from the beginning by straight,
Republican ballots, manage to carry
even a lone precinct in the county.
Prosecutor Albert Rapp, Republi-
can candidate, who engaged in a bit-
ter pre-election battle with Demo-
crat Hubert Thompson, won the
smallest local majority of the day
but coasted into an easy victory on
the basis of landslides in the 'out-
county precincts. With 31 of the
county's 36 precincts in he had 11,802
votes to 6,907 for Thompson.
Throughout the county Gov. Frank
Murphy trailed behind Republican
candidate Frank D. Fitzgerald, win-
ning only 14,196 votes to his oppon-
ent's 6;114 on returns from 32 pre-
cincts.
Locally the proposed pension plan
for policemen and firemen won a
sweeping endorsement.
Even Republican observers were
astonished by the proportions the
G.O.P. landslide reached both locallyw
and nationally. In the past, Washte-
naw County Democrats have consist-
ently held only two strongholds-
Ann Arbor's fourth ward and Lodi
township. Both threw over the traces3
yesterday and switched to the G.O.P.
ticket. In Lodi township Fitzgerald
gained 141 votes to Murphy's 85,1
while in the fourth ward Murphy was
edged out in a close race, 545 to 525.
Rapp failed to win endorsement in
the fourth ward by 54 votes and lost
Northfield township 277 to 270. Sher-
iff Jacob B. Andres led the local Re
publican slate, polling 12,146 votes'
to Democrat John W. Rane's 4,445.
Of the amendments, only the limi-
(Continued lon Page 2),

Returned To Office

v'
I'k
Y ":
ii \)
oen
r? {
FIna
1
FRANK D. FITZGERALD
Ies Asy lvania w aft IsEleted
dGoes Repubalcantohio s Senator
Davis. Leads Gov. Earle Bricker Defeats Sawer
m o r Governorship In Gubernatorial Racey
UnitedLSat ena by t ed- fCOLUMBUS, O., Nov l 9-(Wednes-
bac intoethe Republican columnato- day)-()-Robert A. Taft, vigorous
dTu anti-New Deal Republican, ejected
icAG returns pushed the Democratic Robert J. Bulkley, Administration
slate steadily farther behind, New supporter, from his U. S. Senate seat
Deal Gov. George H. Earle early this in Tuesday's election.-
morning conceded his defeat for the With returns compiled early today
United States Senate by the white- from nearly half of politically strate-
haired veteran, Republican Senator gic Ohio's 8,599 precincts, Taft held
James JDavish a lead which informed observers said
Then, to the victorious Republican Bulkley could not overcome.p
choice for Governor, red-haired Arthe The vote in 3,799 precincts showed:
ur H. James, Superior Court judge Taft 491,438; Bulkley 449,880. Bulk-
from Plymouth, Pa., Earle also con ley's lead, furnished in Greater Cleve-
ede vicory in a egram land, vanised before a swelling tide
reletin ditics:ougeJme raotecresteofeheparty's Ohioe
"My heartiest congratulations and T.t
deepest sympathy."ThedCincnatiTdesatrpke-y
At that time-shortly before 1 a.m.6ite' Tatvou ele
-the count from Tuesday's voting 1.356,03Boee , Los
istood:ohn to.Rerpublerrcnsteacat
For Governor-(5164 of 8079 State inThe "foverte nasy, so-ed
election districts). Judge James icta o f the fms one dr o-
1,336,474; Charles Alvin Jones, Dem., ti.on o cosio ts o
1,177,301. rumh
For United States Senator--(5126
disrn Gots)PhiepaLavis 1,356,063; La Follette Losing s
Thus was mar oned up a victory Sig- t
nificant to Republicans the nation In - Wisconsin Race
over in their onslaught against the
New Deal. The "La Follette dynasty," so-called
because of the family's long domina-
Fraternty Banquet tion of isconsin politics, tottered
f last night before a terrific Republican
To Be Held Tonregrt ballot assault. o
Gov. Philip F. LaFollette, consid-
.f a aered a 1940 presidential possibility
Mor e than 504 sn a re et e by Progressive cohorts, trailed in his
to' astn inepasteratneroflegeweelltnpouresin.yInoeerepts
banquet to be held at 6 pm. today in 85,-e0ewth oteb more than afo h
the main ballroom of the Union, it was vots0countedamordinth of the o
announced yesterday. All men recent- ciatedes un,acrdgtoheAs-
ly pledged to fraternities, fraternity JauluP Heil Milwaukee manufac-
faculty advisors and the presidents turer and standard bearer of a Re-
of the respective houses are expected .ulcn -t wihfiihd hr
to be pesent fur yearsPagotokhico mmshdtirdg
instead of having a principal speak- feryleadrsd aitokaned itandng-
ar as in past years, a number of well tunsory ed dinaIndpltesre-
known faculty and fraternity figures show the Governor losing his home
on the campus will be introduced. counh Gs

Democrats Retain
Lead In Congress
Pennsylvania Returned To G.O.P. Hands;
Balloting Shows Shifting Allegiance
In States Over Entire Country
DETROIT, Nov. 9.-(AP)-A surge of outstate Republican votes that
overcame a Democratic majority in metropolitan Wayne County swept form-
er Gov. Frank D. Fitzgerald to victory today over Gov. Frank Murphy, who
had the public blessing of President Roosevelt.
Governor Murphy's campaign manager, Harry H. Mead, conceded
Fitzgerald's election at 6 a.m.
Fitzgerald's majority at that time stood at 87,860, with returns fiom
2696 of the state's 3,553 precincts tabulated.
Included were 700 of Wayne County's 1,150 precincts. They gave Mur-
phy a majority of 74,662. Still to come were most of the precincts in Ham-
tramck, which was voting overwhelmingly for Murphy, but it was appareht
the resultecould not be changed.
Voting was heavy throughout the State, and the count proceeded slowly,
Election officials in many districts reported that adverse weather condi-
tions had failed to reduce the balloting.
Incomplete returns indicated that Murphy had lost several of h
1936 strongholds outstate to his Republican rival. The Gvernor was run-
ning behind in Bay, Calhoun, Genesee, Iron,Kent, Macomb, Manistee, Mason,
iMenominee, Saginaw and Schoolcraft, all counties he carried two years ago,
Murphy was running ahead in Delta, Alger, Houghton, Dicinson, Goge-
bic, Keweenaw, Marquette and Ontonagon counties in the Upper Peninsula.
He retained his advantages of 1936 in Presque Isle and Muskegon counties
in lower Michigan.
Other districts that were Murphy strongholds in 1936 were slow to
report. The count in industrial cities where Democrats expected to find
their strength lagged in the face of heavy voting.
The entire Republican ticket shared in Fitzgerald's outstate advantage.
Returns at 5:30 a.m. from 2,549 including 600 in Wayne County out of
3,553 precincts in Tuesday's election for Governor: Murphy (Den) 482,782;
Fitzgerald, (Rep) 572,816.
2,266 precincts for Secretary of State: Leon D. Case, (Dem) 410,864;
Harry F. Kelly, (Rep) 476,298.
2,202 precincts for Attorney General: Raymond W. Starr (em) 39,182;
Thomas Read (Rep) 469,646.
2,220 precincts for State Treasurer: Theodore I. Fry (Dem) 393,525;
Miller Dunekel (Rep) 461,206.
Early returns from balloting on three proposals for amendnents ti
the State Constitution indicated the puccess only of a plan to earmark
weight and gasoline tax revenues for highway purposes. A referendum on
welfare reorganization legislation enacted by the !1937 legislature was
nip-and-tuck.
GOP Makes Sweeping Gains
A powerful resurgence of Republican voting swept tha, party to im-
pressive gains in yesterday's elections, tempered somewhat by
a signal, if narrow, Democratic victory in the all-important State of
New York.
The balloting left the Democrats in secure-if impaired-control of
Congress, but carried the old Republican stronghold of Pennsylvania back
into Republican hands, and with tabulations still incomplete gave the party
leads in several other gubernatorial contests.
Not the least of the latter was that in Michigan, where President
Roosevelt had stepped into support Gov. Fank Murphy, Democrat, in his
bid for reelection. Frank D. Fitzgerald was leading, and although the vote
in Murphy's industrial strongholds had still .to be recorded, the Governor's
cause was obviously in danger.
In 32 gubernatorial contests, Republican candidates had been success-
ful early today in eight-six of the posts are held by Democrats at present
-and were leading in ten. The Democrats had elected eight governors,
and their candidates were leading in six states.
In 35 elections to the senate, the Republicans had elected five candi-
dates, three of the victories representing gains in Senate voting power, and
were leading in five contests. Democratic Senatorial nominees were winners
in 15 contests and leading in ten.
Returns showing the makeup of the next House of Representatives
accumulated slowly. However, with nearly half the membership elected,
the Republican party had picked up 17 seats held by Democrats last year.
What the election meant in terms of gains and losses for the New
Deal could not be assessed with any certainty. Such a judgment awaited
an analysis of the attitude of many successful Democrats toward-New Deal
measures, and the effectiveness of a coalition of House Republicans and
anti-New Deal Democrats.
However, it was unmistakable that the balloting had revealed a shifting
allegiance of thousands of voters to te Republican standard. Its interpreta-
tion in terms of the 1940 presidential contest was foremost in the minds
of many political students.
In New York, for instance! The Democrats barely wiggled in, in con-
trast with the huge Democratic majorities there in recent years. However,
the latter held an imposing lead in the Maryland gubernatorial election
and were well ahead in California. Both states now have Republican gover-
nors.

The situation in important states early today was:
California: Sheridan Downey and Culbert L. Olson, Demo nominees for
senator and governor were leading Phillip Bancroft and Gov. Frank Merriam,
Rep. Few returns had been received from the referendum on the "$30 every
Thursday" old age pension plan, originally espoused by Downey.
Connecticut: Republican candidates for both Governor and Senator
were apparently elected. They were Raymond E. Baldwin, running against
Wilbur L. Cross for the Governorship and John A. Danaher, opposing
Augustine Lonergan for the latter's place in the Senate.
Illinois: Scott W. Lucas, Democrat, was running well ahead of Richard
J. Lyons, Republican, for the Senate.
Iowa: Senator Guy M. Gillette, Democrat, seeking reelection, held a
narrow lead over Lester J. Dickinson, Republican. George A. Wilson, Republi-
tA. ft2T. i. tt 1 r A~rlr i i nCf ("'.i', T,,...,.'.(. 'Ltrr. n .. nT l. 1 ..s...-------------------

That Great Game Of Politics:
Waslitenaw Cou'nrty's Version

By STAN SWINTON
The great game of politics, com-
plete with American flags, unused
campaign material, cigar-smoke, re-
porters tired from their all-night
vigil and tense-faced candidates,
gave the nerve centers of Washte-
naw County political life a Holly-
wood picturesqueness after yester-
day's election.
An account from a newspaperman's
notebook:
8:30 P.M.
A dozen men, cigars in mouths,
lounged around the comparatively
luxurious Republican headquarters
awaiting first returns. The phone
rang and a moment later the cry
"York township is five to one Re-
publican" echoed through the room.
"Pretty good omen," commented
one GOP candidate.
A coatless party worker achieved a
precarious perch on a board stretched
under a blank chart of precincts and
candidates and wrote in the returns.
Below were large chalked letters
making up the two words "Fitz" and
"Murp."
Along the walls vignettes blazed
patriotism and in the window a large
American 'flag surmounted a plea to
vote Republican. On the left was a
radio as yet not furnishing results.
On the right side a "Let's look at the

man who was something of an an-
amoly in that he smoked cigarettes,
smiled broadly and announced "The
New Deal is washed up."
8:55 P.M.
Democratic headquarters, lodged'
beside the Whitney theatre, looked
empty even with 28 men and three
pretty Women in it. No one could get
the right radio station for results and
even the candidates failed to prophesy
victory in the county. In the back
of the room two candidates and their'
wives placidly finished off a rubber
of bridge. Piles of undistributed:
campaign material and pro-Murphy
"Signal" leaflets spotted the floor.
No provision had been made for tabu-
lation of results. "We won't win here
unless there's an earthquake so whyj
bother," one man commented.
Uneasy Reade Pierce, county clerk{
candidate and local orchestra leader,
told his father "If Fitzgerald wins
he'll have a chance to show what
he'll do during strikes-he'll put up,
shut up or we'll have Civil War.
9:20 P.M.
Lydon township 2 to 1 for Fitz-
gerald. At Democratic headquar-
ters "If they know what good gov-
ernment is they'll pick Murphy.
Rapp's the only county Republican
we've got a chance of beating
though."

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