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November 08, 1938 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-08

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In Murphy-Fitzgerald Campaign
veal ClashingPolitical Philosophies

-by David Lawrence-

'^ 't
, ;.
... .

YO ofM
By Sec Terry

Cleveland Symphony


P ERHAPS NEVER before in Michi-
gan's history has a gubernatorial
n been more fiercely waged than the
:h draws to a close today. Rarely, if ever,
derlying issues been more clearly de-
nd hotly contested. Obscured by the
nbiguous platitudes of party platforms,
real issues at stake involve sharply con-
concepts of administrative policy, and
ididates stand pledged, by word and past
'their execution.
the task of the voter at the polls today
a vital and a simple one. Vital because
ce he makes will determine the political
by of his state government for several
3 come. Simple because his choice is
e has the opportunity to know, as seldom
xactly what his vote will endorse. In this
te is fortunate. The background, experi-
litical records in important offices, and
philosophy of the two candidates are
available to the voter.
Gov. Frank Murphy, Democratic stand-
'er, and former Governor Frank D. Fitz-
kepublican candidate, are native sons of
n. Born in small communities, each has
the respect and admiration of neighbors
ew them intimately. Each is therefore
nt with the problems confronting the
f Michigan. The integrity and honesty
men never having been challenged, the
ay cast his ballot with the assurance that
iciples for which hhe votes will not be
ossed aside on grounds of political expedi-
y- - Liberal, New Dealer
ise of these two men to their present
e may bestraced quite easily. Governor
was born at Harbor Beach, Michigan
He was graduated from the University
iool in 1914 and previously received his
ree from the literary college, after tak-
in debating, and serving as 'night editor
Gaily. Active campaigning, for Woodrow
in 1912, subsequent law practice in De-
rvice in the war as an infantry captain,
:tion to the posts of U. S. District Attor-
ige of Recorder's Court, and Mayor of
tempered his political theory with the
actual experience in the arena of prac-
itics. His combination of political ideal-
practical experience was put to the test
when he went to the Philippines a
r-General. His work there in straighten-
internal affairs and establishing the new
iwealth government marked him as a
be watched, in the future political scene.
ollowing this in 1936 that he ran for the
.rship of Michigan, defeating his present
n the incumbent, for the executive chair
>rd in office for the past two years-ha
1 him as a "liberal" governor, thoroughly
ony with New Deal philosophy.
rald - - Business' Choice
r Governor Fitzgerald, on the other hand,
the political arena through the so-called
or" of practical politics. Born in Grand
Michigan in 1885, he attended public
there and later the Ferris Institute at
>ids. His experience in practical politics
n him a firm grasp of fiscal affairs and
late knowledge of the machinery of state
ration. Entering the public service as a
the Senate in 1913, he has successively
e offices of proof-reader in the House
esentatives, clerk in the Secretary of

State's office, executive secretary to the State
Food Administration during the war, and busi-
ness manager of the State Highway Department.
In 1931 he was elected Secretary of State on
the Republican ticket and was re-elected in
1932, the only Michigan Republican to survive
the Democratic landslide. In November, 1934, he
was elected governor. His emphasis throughout
his career has been on the financial end of
government, and his cautious policy of placing
state administration on a conservative business
basis has earned him praise as a "business man's"
governor. His oppoistion to liberal "New' Deal"
measures is a matter of record.
Thus Fitzgerald may be said to be essentially
a "practical man," while Governor Murphy,
more of an academic mind, might be called a
political idealist. To say that Fitzgerald is a
"conservative" and Murphy a "progressive" Ain
political philosophy is to report a truism of
which,,happily, every voter is aware. This cleav-
age between their fundamental views make it
easy for the voter to choose that which most
appeals to him.
Labor' Issuse Vital
Undoubtedly the most important local issue
of the campaign, the one upon which the out-
come of the election finally hinges, is the labor
issue. In broad terms it includes the extent to
which labor will be allowed to bargain collective-
ly, workmen's compensation, and unemployment
insurance administration. More specifically, the
issue is the recognition of the sit-downstrike as
a weapon in collective bargaining. Here again
there should be no doubt in the voter's mind as
'to where the two candidates stand.
Governor Murphy's refusal to invoke militia
to evict the original sit-down strikers from Gen-
eral Motor's factories in Flint has drawn Fitz-
gerald's sharpest fire. Murphy, defending his
use of the "rule of reason," in roundtable con-
ference between labor and industrial leaders as
the only means of avoiding bitter \trife, "points
with pride" to the final outcome-industrial
peace without bloodshed.
Fitzgerald, on the other hand, while espousing
the principle of collective bargaining, has db
clared: "There will be no more sit-down strikes
in Michigan when Republicanism is restored to
authority." As an alternative he proposes a Labor
Board to mediate industrial disputes "without
depriving anyone of the right to work." Which
of these programs will best promote justice and
harmony between labor and capital in Michigan
the voter alone must say.,
Civil Service Debated, Too
Another issue vital to the cause of efficient
government is' civil service. Governor Murphy's
stand here is reflected in the Civil Service Act
which he pushed through the legislature. Praised
by political scientists as a "model act" in theory,
its administration so far has been attacked by
Fitzgerald as a "shield for patronage" and a
means of perpetuating a Democratic dynasty.
Whether the facts justify such a charge the
voter alone must decide.
Social security, the problem of providing a
living for aged and jobless, has also been a focal
point in campaign speeches. The cleavage here
is less apparent. Both candidates have commit-
ted themselves to social security. Murphy's stand
is evident in his support of the old age pension
law. His administration of the act, however, has
drawn Fitzgerald's bitter denunciation on the
ground that funds were diverted from old age
appropriations for other administrative expenses.
Closely related to social security is the issue
of relief, and also the problem of a balanced vs.
an unbalanced budget. Fitzgerald is sworn to a
policy of relief for the needy along with a bal-
anced budget. Governor Murphy, who has termed
relief the foremost consideration of govern-
ment, has incurred a budget deficit of eight
million dollars which Fitzgerald has criticized as
unsound. Murphy has defended this by attribut-
ing the deficit to the need for eight millions of
additional relief funds caused by unemployment
resulting from the current business recession.
New Deal In Background
But in the background of these purely local
issues, overshadowing all but the labor issue, is

the spectre of the New Deal. Many, in fact, look
upon the victory or defeat of Governor Murphy
as purely a manifestation of Michigan's approv-
al or rebuff of President Roosevelt's political
philosophy. That there is some measure of truth
in this is almost self-evident. A strong personal
friend of the President, Murphy has drawn ublic
praise from prominent New Dealers such as
Secretary of Interior Ickes, and Harry L. Hop-
kins. Furthermore his speeches, couched in a
vein similar to the President's, and his liberal
attitude toward social problems, relief, and
goverment pump-priming expenditures are all
part and parcel of New Deal philosophy. With
Fitzgerald a foe of all New Deal measures from
farm relief to budget, and an advocate of govern-
ment retrenchment from all "interference" with'
business, the attitude of the voter toward the
national scene can hardly help but influence.
his vote in the coming election.
Whatever the voter's political philosophy,
whether liberal or conservative, New Deal or anti-
New Deal, and whatever his attitude toward
such local problems as relief, labor, and social
security, the choice he makes in this election will
be a clear cut one. He need only vote for the,
man who best embodies his own ideas of how
government should be run. For this is the very
essence of representative government-that each
vote should be a choice between alternative
flfin-a VintA. 'n nfa ar r 4h- vAer _ _ __

WASHINGTON, Nov. 4.-Something ,rather
enlightening as to the poor estate to which the
Congress of the United States has dropped may
be derived from a reading of announcements
in the last 24 hours by the CIO and the National
Labor Relations Board and prior thereto by the
American Federation of Labor as to whether the
Wagner Act should or should.not be amended.
The A. F. of L., at its Houston convention,
outlined what, with one or two exceptions, might
be regarded as innocuous amendments. They
concernedmostly the procedural side of the law
and certainly did not propose anything which
would even remotely be construed as sabotaging
of the law or weakening of the workers' rights
to collective bargaining.
On top of this, the Labor Board members them-
selves have gone to the White House to say that
no amendments at all are needed, and the CIO
has announced' that it agrees with the Labor
Board. The only plausible explanation of what
has happened comes from the CIO, which organi-
zation expresses its fears that, once the law is
opened to amendments, it will mean hostile
proposals, too, and that persons sympathetic
with the law ought not to be advocating changes.
Good Strategy
From the standpoint of strategy, the CIO offi-
cials are right. The law is the best protection
the workingmen have ever had on the matter of
collective bargaining, and unquestionably at-
tempts to weaken that law may be anticipated,
so the CIO takes, at this time anyway, the posi-
tion it will not attack the law. The A. F: of L.,
on the other hand, feeling that it has been
discriminated against by the Labor Board with
respect to the designation of appropriate units
for collective bargaining, takes the risk of offer-
ing change even though it does open up the law
to general amendment.
Each organization, therefore, has justification
for the strategic position assumed. Each has an
interest in the matter which might be described
as self-protection. Even the Labor Board mem-
bers are most reluctant to agree publicly with the
procedural changes advocated by the A. F. of L.
for fear this will be interpreted as a confession
of bad administrative behavior on their part
when the members feel they have endeavored
conscientiously to carry out the letter as well
as the spirit of the law written by Congress.
Veto Important
But what of Congress? What of the members
of the Senate and House who used to be known
as legslators or at least as sponsors of legisla-
tion even as recently as a year or so ago, though,
to be sure, the actual bills were handed to them
by "brain trust" aides of the President? Some
pretense used to be made of the fact that Con-
gress wrote the laws, but now it is openly acknow-
ledgedby such action as the labor groups are
taking that it is the President who decides wheth-
er an act of Congress shall or shall not be
It takes more than a mere majority of both
houses to amend a law. The popular belief is
that a majority is sufficient. But the President
can veto an amendment to the Wagner Law
passed by a majority. He can prevent passage
even if two-thirds of the House favors the
amendment and one senator less than two-thirds
of the senate should also favor the change. The
veto power will come more and more into vogue
as the President loses a few seats in Congress
or when an anti-New Deal majority is achieved
through a combination of Republicans and In-
dependent Democrats. But such a stalemate
would only lead to more friction and ultimately
to the forcing of a two-thirds against the Presi-
dent. What is important at the moment is that
because the President controls a majority of
both houses he can decide whether or not to
permit changes in the Wagner Law. Hence on
the outcome of the elections this week depends
whether the country as a whole indicates a desire
'of the White House or whether a rubber-stamp
to have members of Congress vote independently
Congress is what the people want.
1i I

HE SERENITY of University lifet
is sometimes rudely disrupted by I
that virus which seems innately
American - the commercial germ.t
Some students prefer the furore of
enterprise to placid thoughts in the
General Library, and others deem at-
tendance at school an interruption of
their various businesses. The subject
of this piece, for instance, participat-
ed in seven different ventures, allt
profitable. But he zealously over-
played his hand finally, and as a re-
sult found himself back among the
pedants and textbooks.
He was a senior from Chicago, and
perhaps the rigors of his job-that is,
delivering Michigan Dailies every
morning, rain or shine-made him
somewhat impatient with such sugary
maximus as "Service Hath Its Own
Rewards." At any rate, he sought;
more tangible evidence. So one
morning before the Christmas holi-
days set in, he wrote a note which1
he enclosed in each of his papers.;
It read:
"Dear Subscriber: I am your
paper boy, and as such, feel that
I have served you faithfully and
well throughout the past semes-
ter. Never have you had to run
into the yard and burrow into a
bush for -your paper. It has al-
ways been accurately, nay even
painstakingly, tossed on your
porch. I make this point to show
you that you have received good,
dependable service.
"Now with the next semester
fast approaching, I find myself
a bit shy of tuition money. And
it has occured to me that if each
of my subscribers donated one
dollar, in appreciation for the
aforementioned service, I should
manage nicely. This is not the
plea of a mendicant, but merely
a suggestion of reward for serv-
ices rendered. If you would leave
the dollar in your mailbox to-
morrow, I shall be happy to pick
it up. Thank you."
Next morning, fearing poachers in
the guise of milkman or mailman,
our Algerian hero made his rounds
an hour earlier than usual. And to1
his mingled pleasure and dismay, he
found (1) coins of assorted values,
(2) several dollar bills, as requested,
(3) notes'asking that he return later,
(4) indignant letters, and (5) noth-
Of the notes asking him back, he
prized one in particular. It came
from Prof. Paul Leidy of the Law
School, if our informer's memory is
good, and admittedly apprehensive,
the youth went to see Leidy in his
"I am not often amused," confessed
the teacher, "but your scheme ap-
pealed to my sense of humor. And
I'd like to help you." Whereupon he
produced a five-dollar bill which he
handed over to the astonished stu-
dent, who refused at first to take it,
but finally did when Leidy insisted.
"And," added Leidy, "if you need a
board job, I think I can get you one
meal job already, but hethankeddhis
new-found benefactor profusely any-
how and departed, not entirely sorry
he had launched his note.
Later, when the Daily business
manager was besieged by outraged
subscribers, the carrier was forth-
with discharged. It was afterwards
reported that the student, penitent
for his deed, sought solace in a whole-
some philosophy course which he
had previously neglected.
* t * *
A FORLORN CRY issued forth high
from the Union tower the other
night as we were entering that strong-
hold of the R.O.H.P.B. (Royal Order
of Honorable Pool Room Bums). Up-
on investigation, it was found that
Paul Brickley, energetic Union prexy,

had gone up to the Michigamua room
for his extra shirt and absent-mind-
edly closed the door behind him. He
was locked in, and the prospect of
spending a chill night among bear-I
skins and the like was too much-l
hence the s.o.s
A FEW YEARS AGO, a self-indul-
gent student here was expelled
rom the University for his indecorous
deportment. Afraid to face his in-
ignant parents without first send-
iig out a trial balloon, so to speak,
le dispatched the following note:
"Beer taverns, movies, GOOD
books are compensatory fillips
for this miserable humdrum, this
drab, eventless continuity we call
living. 'Tis said, and not in jest,
that thousands answered the call
to conscription, not to save the
world for mad demagoguery, but
to get immediate surcease from
their monontonous clerkships, or
release from their ruts. Even the
startling immediacy of a bomb
labelled Death was remote to
them, crowded from their visions
by the prospect of ocean air, new
faces, new places. Fireworks be
damned! The noise was terrific!
Get what I mean. Dad?"

Three Bach chorales-formallyP
tailored for orchestral appearance by'
Respighi-Beethoven First Symphony
and a "symphony" by Brahms were
the fare offered by Artur Rodzinski
and the Cleveland Symphony lasts
night in the second of the season'st
Choral Union concerts. The Brahmse
'symphony," sad to relate, was not
one of the immortal four, but inr
realty was the G minor Piano Quar-
tet, Op. 25, newly costumed for
orchestra by Arnold Schoenberg. Thec
Bach titles were "Now Come theK
Gentiles' Savior," "My Soul Exalts the
Lord," and "Awake, the Voice Calls
If we must choose between the eve-t
ning's two transcriptions, our one4
rather wilted orchid must go to Mr.
Schoenberg, who had the harder job.1
We are not, let it .emphatically bet
known, one of those purists who would4
away with any and all orchestralt
transcriptions. If a piece when orches-
trated sounds as well or better than
the original, even if different, then by
all means let us have it for orchestra
-music literature will be richer and
the composer will certainly \not bei
any poorer.
In the case of the Bach chorales it '
is hard to see that any valuable addi-
tion has been made to orchestralt
literature, though perhaps the musict
would have been more impressive in
a smoother, more sustained, and much{
more vitalized performance. Concern-
ing the Brahms, we had waited anxi-
ously to hear its effect. With itsI
broad, sweeping phrases, , its solid1
and yet complex structural spiritual7
surgings, this Quartet seemed to in-
vite orchestral aid if ever chamber
music did.
Yet' there is vastly more difference
between quartet and symphony than
lies in the mere number of parts.
Never was there a more vivid re-
minder than last night's performanceI
that mere volume does not create
intensity of feeling; that for the ex-
pression of certain sentiments the
quiet, well-placed voice is more effec,-
tive than the loud. On the other side
lind it was surely no less than con-
fusing to hear the rich strains of
Brahms, suggestive always of clari-
net, horn, and viola, masquefading
in the more piquant, oboe and trum-;
pet, garb of Schoenberg. On the other
side it must be noted that certain'
parts of the Quartet, notably in the
Andante and the fiery Hungarian
finale, "sounded",impressively.
Of Mr. Rodznski's Beethoven-there
is space but to say that it was solid,
vigorous, and extremely well planned,
though here again the Orchestra fre-
quently lagged behind its leader both
physically and spiritually. For en-
cores there were the sophisticated
Viennese waltzes from Richard
Strauss' opera Der Rosenkavaller, in
in their smaller way the best per-
formed of the evening's works; Al-
beniz' Sriava; and, with the Orches-
tra conductorless, the "March of ther
Little Faunes" from Pierne's Cydalise.
Hillel Book Club To Hold
First Meeting Tonight'
The Hillel Book Club will hold its
first meeting of the semester in the
Foundation at 8 p.m. today. Prof.
Mentor L. Williams of the English
department will speak on Elmer Rice,
the dramatist whose play, "Counsel-
lor-at-Law," Play Production will give
The Book Club meets every other
Tuesday at the Foundation.
(Continued from Page 2)
Posture classes, Monday and Wed-
nesday, 4:30.
Beginning Swimming, Monday and

Wednesday evenings, 7:30.
Tap dancing, Monday and Wednes-
day, 4:15.
Registration for these courses will
continue throughout the week of
Nov. 7, at Barbour Gymnasium of-
fice 15, between the hours of 8-12
land 1:30-4:30, every day except Sat-
urday. Since facilities are limited,
admittance to these classes will be
taken in order of application.
Organ Recital. Palmer Christian,"
University organist, assisted by Hanns
Pick, violoncellist, will provide a pro-
gram on the Frieze Memorial organ,
Wednesday afternoon at 4:15 p.m.,
in Hill Auditorium. The general pub-
lic, with the exception of small chil-
dren, is invited, but is requested to
be seated on time, as the doors will
be closed during numbers. The pro-
gram will consist of compositions of
Bubeck, Couperin, Bruch, Elgar,
Whitlock and Widor.
Museum of Classical Archaeology:
Exhibits from Egypt-Dynastic, Grae-
co-Roman, Coptic and Arabic periods'
-from Seleucia on the Tigris and
frnm Rnan Ttaomv Tn aodditinn a

ciuszko Foundation will give the fol-
lowing lectures under the auspices of
the Departments of History and Po-
litical Science:
Nov. 8, 4:15 p.m. Natural Science
Auditorium, "Poland and Russia."
Nov. 9, 4:15 p.m. Natural Science
Auditorium, "Poland and Germany."
The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Mavin R.
Thompson, Director of Warner In-
stitute for Therapeutic Research
(formerly Professor of Pharmacology
at the University of Maryland) will
lecture on "The Chemistry and Phar-
macology of Ergot" on Thursday,
Nov. 10, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 165
Chemistry Building, under the auspi-
ces of the College of Pharmacy. The
public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Professor Olav
Janse, Director of the Expedition for
the Paris Museums and the French
School of the Far East, will give an
illustrated lecture on "Excavation in
Indo China: Ancient Chinese Cul-
tural Finds" on Thursday, Nov. 10 at
4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre under the auspices of the In-
stitute of Fine Arts. The public is
cordially invited.
University Lecture: Thomas Doe-
sing, Director of the Public Library
Administration of Denmark, will give
a lecture on "Folk High Schools in
Denmark" on Thursday, Nov. 17, at
4:15 p.m. in Natural Science Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
General Library and the Department
of Library Sciences. The public is
cordially invited.
Van Zeeland Lecture: The former
Premier of Belgium will speak in
Hill Auditorium on Tuesday evening,
Nov. 15 at 8 o'clock. Tickets are now
available to Wahr's. A 'few good
season tickets are also on sale at re-
duced prices.
Events Today
Biological Chemistry Seminar-
this evening at 7-9 p.m., Room 319
West Medical Building. "Chemical
Studies of Some Specialized Proteins"
will be discussed. All interested are
Political Science Round Table will
meet in the Rackham Graduate
School Conference Room No. 1 this
evening at 7:30 o'clock. T h e
subject of discussion will be "Straw
Votes, Polls, Pre-election Surveys and
Their Significance." All graduate
students in Political Science are ex-
pected to be present.
Deutscher Verein: Meeting this
evening at 8 p.m. in the Michigan
Union (Glee Club Room). There will
be singing and demonstration of Ger-
man folk dances. Refreshments will
be served. Everybody interested is in-
vited to attend.
Association Book Group: Prof. Y.Z.
Chang of the English department will
discuss Lin Yutang's "The Impor-
tance of Living" at Lane Hall today
at 4 p.m.
Christian.'Science organization:
8:15 p.m. League Chapel. Students,
alumni and faculty are invited to at-
tend the services.
Zeta Phi Eta: Members are re-
minded of the regular meeting of
Lambda chapter this afternoon at
4:15 p.m. in the Portia roomt on the
fourth floor of Angell Hall. All ac-
tives and pledges are urged \ to be
prompt and to bring their lists of
The Michigan Danjes Executive
Board will meet at the League to-
night at 8 p.m. All officers are re-
quested to be present.
Women Debaters: All women who

are interested in trying out for the
first Conference Debate on Dec. 11,
and all others interested in debat7
ing sometime during the year, are
urged to be present at the debate
meeting inRoom 3209 Angell Hall
at 4 p.m. today.
The Music Section of the Faculty
Women's Club will have a potluck
supper tonight at 6:30 o'clock at the
home of Mrs. Russell C. Hussey, 595
Riverview Drive.
Faculty Women's Club: The Tues-
day Afternoon Play-Reading Section
will meet this afternoon at 2:15
p.m. in the Mary B. Henderson Room
of the Michigan League.
Professor Mentor Williams will
speak at the Hillel Foundation on
"Elmer Rice" toight at 8 p.m. All
are welcome. This meeting is spon-
sored by the Hillel Book Group.
The Student Senate will meet to-
day at 7:30 p.m., in the Michigan
Union, Room 302.. The public is in-
Coming Events
"Psychological Journal Club will
meet on Thursday, Nov. 10, at 8 p.m.
in the East Conference Room of the
Rackham School of Graduate Stu-
dies. Topic: "Recent Studies of Emo-
tion" reviewed by R. Kleemeier, N.
Glaser, A. Stebbins, and F. J. Shaw.

(4 h




' U

: and managed by students of the University of
,n under the authority of the Board in Control of
shed every morning except Monday during the
ity year and Summer Session.
Member,of the Associated Press
Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the
republication of all news dispatches credited to
aot otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
)f republication of all other matters herein also
ed at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
class mail matter.
riptions during regular school year by carrier,
y' mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
er, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39


The coming week-end brings to the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre Play Production's presen-
tation of Elmer Rice's "Counsellor-at-Law." The
theatrical road has been rough for Mr. Rice since
the successful production of this play, for his
succeeding ones were heartily baptized with
critical inuendoes to the effect that they weren't
too good. Whereupon Mr. Rice vowed never to
return to the sanctum of Broadway. But this
year found a change of heart when he joined
with four other leading" American dramatists to
form the Playwrights Company. To date, both
plays which they have presented are hits: Robert
Sherwood's "Abe Lincoln in Illinois," and Max-
well Anderson's "Knickerbocker Holiday." Mr.
Rice reintroduced himself to Broadway by direct-
ing the Sherwood play and received his due
credft for directing "not only one of the finest
and most stirring of American plays but one of
the most glorious achievements of all that is
best in the rational spirit."
All of which is merely to tell you that "Coun-
sellor-at-Law" can be seen this Thursday, Friday
and Saturday evenings on the Lydia Mendelssohn
stage. *

Board of Edl
ng Editor
al Director .
ditor .r
,te Editor
te Editor .
te Editor .
te Editor .
te Editor .
ate Editor ,
ditor . . .
s Editor .
Editor .,


Robert D. Mitchell.
Albert P. May10
Horace w. Gilmore
Robert I. Fitzhenry
S. R. Kleiman
Robert Perlman
Earl Glman
William Elvin
Joseph Freedman
Joseph Gies
. Dorothea Staebler
Bud Benjamint

Business Department
s Manager . . . '1Ph

t Manager ,


lip W. Buchen
d P. Siegelman

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