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November 08, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-11-08

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Weather
Rain changing to snow today;
tomorrow generally" fair.

LL I

Alit kja

Iutt

Editorial
Clashing
Political Philosophies

VOL. XLIX. No. 38

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 8, 1938

PRICE, FIVE C

U. S. Wil Drop
Ford, Chrysler
Suits, But Hits
General Motors
First Two Manufaturers
Agree To Drop Finance
Company Enforcements
End Wage Garnishee
For Non-Payments
WASHINGTON, Nov. 7.-(IP)-The
Department of Justice acted formally
to drop its anti-trust cases against
the Ford and Chrysler Motor Com-
panies today, but declared it would
prosecute General Motors "vigorous-
ly "
The Department said a consent de-
cree, by which the Ford and Chrys-
lers concerns agreed to abandon cer-
tain "coercive" practices in connec-
tion with automobile financing, was
being submitted for the approval of a
Federal District Court at South Bend,
Ind. General Motors did not pro-
pose an "acceptable" program for a
consent decree, officials said.
High Pressured Finance
The government, charging that all
th eefirms forced dealers to finance1
cars through finance companies af-
filiated with the auotmobile. manu-
facturers, had previously obtainedr
indictments against the firms att
South Bend.
Under the. consent decrees, offi-
cials said, Ford and Chrysler are to4
refrain from such practices as threat-1
ening cancellation of dealers' fran-
chises in order to give competitive ad-{
vantages to favored finance compan-t

Philippine Graduates
RecallMichigan Days
MANILA, P. I. (Special to The
Daily)-Members of the University
of, Michigan club of the Philippines
haven't forgotten their college days
in Ann Arbor.
At a recent banquet the club, which
is headed by John R. McFie, served
a meal consisting of "Wolverine en-
tree," "Orange Basket en supreme
from the Arboretum," "Maize and
Blue Soup," "Fried Filet of Lapu
Lapu a la 'M-Hut"' (the M hut was
a student rendezvous which went out
of business several years ago), "Filet
Mignon d'Bouef League-Union style,"'
"Jellied Avocado and Tomato Salad
---Newberry's delight," "Betsy Ross
Peach Melba" and "State Street
Cakes and Cookies."
Sinforoso Padilla, '30, acted as
cheer-leader at the meeting; a toast
"Hurrah for the Yellow and Blue"
was drunk and singing of the alma
mater climaxed the evening.
Oscar Halecki
1o Give Talk.
On Economics
Former League Of Nations
Member Also To Speak
On Political Problems
Prof. Oscar Halecki of the Univer-
sity of Warsaw, Poland, will discuss
the economic and political problems
of present day Poland in two Univer-
sity lectures here, the first of which,
"Poland and Russia," will be given at
4:15 p.m. tomorrow in Natural Science
Auditorium.
Professor Halecki, who in 1919 was
adviser to Ignace Jan Paderewski,,
then Premier of Poland, and the'

est Suffers
From First
Cold Weather
Mountain Areas Covered
With Ice And Snow;
HighwaysAre Blocked
East's Warm Spell
Due To End Soon
DENVER, Nov. 7.-(R') -Skies
cleared and temperatures climbed to-
day in the wake of winter's first
broad onslaught from the Rocky
Mountains to the Mississippi River.
In several western states ice and
slush highway coatings threatened to
curtail general election voting to-
morrow. The storm was blamed for
three highway deaths in Texas, one
in Wyoming and one in Colorado.
After blanketing the Rocky Moun-
tain region and most of Kansas, Ok-
lahoma and Texas with snow, the
storm moved eastward today across
Missouri, where light snow still fell,
in western counties.
In contrast to sub-zero tempera-
tures in Colorado and New Mexico
mountain areas, New York City ex-
perienced its warmest Nov. 7 in his-
tory with p 75-degree maximum. The
previous high temperature for the
day was 68 degrees, recorded in 1925.
In Texas and Oklahoma snow and
heavy rains broke a drought in many
farm and range counties.
A two-inch snow blanket in Kansas
was a boon to winter wheat.
The Southern California coast was'
lashed by high winds that reached a
velocity of 70 miles an hour.
Bids For Soph
Prom Positions
CloseTonight
Final List Of Candidates
Up For Class Elections
To AppearThursday,
The deadline for petitioning for
the eight positions on the Soph Prom
Committee is 8 p.m. today, Fred
Luebke, '39E, president of Men's
Council announced yesterday. All
petitions submitted by that time will
be considered first by the judiciary
committees of the Council and the
League, and then by the Men's Coui-
cil, which will prepare a final list o
candidates Thursday to run in a
general class election.

Gubernatorial Photo Finish Loot
As MurpbyFitzgerald End Batil

40,000,000 To

Vote In U.S.

To

Polish Delegation to the Paris Peace
Two voluntary restrictions proposed Conference, later became a member
by the defendants were hailed by the of the League of Nations Secretariate
Justice Department as a protection and was first secretary of the League
to "improvident persons of low in- Commission of Intellectual Coopera-
come" and a means of alleviating! tion. He has been the Polish dele-
hardships caused by high-poweredgate to numerous international con-
salesmanship.eferences since that time and is a
Garnishees Stopped . member of the Academic Diploma-
One of these restrictions deals with tique Internationale at Paris, the
methods of collecting money for carstu neai La the

-oad slq 's~utfl .Iao 2uoury plosI
vision outlaws wage assignments on,
low-priced pleasure cars, declares
that wages shall not be garnisheed
in an effortto collect on such cars,
and that a deficiency judgment shall
not be taken in the case of a man who
bought his car for private use and
has paid 50 per cent of the price.
The other restriction deals with ad-
vertising. The Chrysler Company, if
it advertises any finance company,
will advertise all such companies
whose services "conform to the plan
of financing considered most efficient
in distributing the maximum number,
of automobiles."
The Ford decree is similar, but pro-
vides that Ford shall not advertise
any particular finance company.
Officials announced that they would
not hold Ford and Chrysler to the
consent decrees if the Government's
case against General Motors proved
unsuccessful.
Pledge Banquet
To Draw 500
Scholarship Cup Awarded
At Fraternity Dinner
Short introductions of well known
campus figures will take the place of
a main speaker at this year's inter-
fraternity pledge banquet, it was an-
nounced yesterday. The banquet will
be held at 6 p.m. Wednesday in the
main ballroom of the Union.
Approximately 500 persons are ex-
pected to be present at the banquet,
including student recently pledged,
fraternity far-aty advisors and the
presidents of the respective houses.
A feature of the evening will be
the fifth annual presentation of the
fraternity scholarship cup to Kappa
Nu. The award is based on the fra-
ternity scholastic record in 193'-38.1
Dean Joseph A. Bursley will makef
the presentation.
Tickets for the banquet were dis-
tributed to the various fraternities
last night.
Adams To Discuss
Faults Of Big Ships
Prof. Henry C. Adams of the de-
partment of naval architecture, an
authority on ship construction, has

Polish Academy and the Royal His-
torical Society of London.
Professor lalecki's lectures here
will be part tf a series which he is.
delivering this fall at colleges and
universities in the United States un-
der the auspices of the Kosciuszko
Foundation, an organization estab-
lished in 1926 on the 150th-anniver-
sary of General Thadeus Kosciuszko's
arrival in the United States to aid
the Colonies' struggle for indepen-
dence. The organization is dedicat-
ed to the promotion of cultural and
intelelctual relationships between the
United States and Poland.
Student Senate
Discusses Dies
Resolutions To Be Passed
Concerning Activities
Resolutions concerning the Dies
Committee, Mayor Hague's activities
in Jersey City and a revision of the
Senate rules will be discussed at a
meeting of the Student Senate at 7:30
p.m. today in Room 302 of the Union.
All Senators have been urged by
Speaker Robert Rosa, '39, to attend
regularly, or appoint successors to
their seats. He announced that Carl
Viehe, '39, and Robert Gill, Grad.,
have resigned and have appointed
Charles E. Errin, '40E, and Robert
I Kahn, '39, in their places.

Today's 'Off-Year' Election1
Will Decide Strengths
Of Presidential Timber
Farley, Hamilton
Deal Final Blows
(By Associated Press)
Some 40,000,000 Americans-more
or less--will vote today in an "off-
year" election which is considered of
unusual importance because it may,
and many think it will:
(1) Afford an up-to-date idea of
how much support the public is giv-
ing the New Deal.
(2) Make or break various politicalj
figures who have been under dis-
cussion as prime presidential pos-
sibilities.
(3) Profoundly affect the whole
future of governmental policy.
No Polls In Main
The polls will be open in every
state, except Maine which voted two
months ago. At issue will be 32 gov-
ernorships, 35 places in the Senate,
432 seats in the House, a host of less-
er ,offices, and state constitutional-
amendments and initiative proposals.
Bad weather was predicted last night
for many sections of the country.
On the eve of the election, Johnf
D. M. Hamilton, chairman of the Re-
publican National Committee, cen-
tered attention upon an issue which,
next to that/ of the New Deal itself,
was perhaps given most prominence
by Republican campaign speakers.
Hamilton Charges Coercion
He charged that "steps were being
taken to coerce those on relief rolls"
to vote for New Deal candidates. It
"is perfectly obvious," he said in. a
statement. that "tlge New Deal's chief
reliance is the belief that it can count
on relief workers as a bloc support-
ing New Deal candidates."
To "supplement the evidence al-1
ready at hand of coercion of relief1
workers," he said he was wiring all1
his state chairmen to keep a close1
watch and preserve all evidence of
such activities, for submission to a
congressional investigation. .
"In order to assure adequate relief1
for all in distress and to protect re-
(Continued on Page 3)
Speaker Tells
Of Experiences
While In China
Medical Missionary Asks
That Neutrality Support
Of JapanBe Stopped
Dr. Walter Judd, medical mission-
ary who returned recently from Ja-
panese occupied territory in North
China, will speak on "China Today"
at 8 p.m. today at the Congregational
Church. The talk is given under the
auspices of the local chapter of the
American League for Peace and De-
mocracy.
For the past four years Doctor Judd
has worked in the Mission Hospital of
Fenchow, Shansi, and lived through
the Japanese capture of Fenchow last
year. He has been working in this
area ever since, witnessing the gueril-
la warfare being carried on by the
Chinese forces.
Objecting to the strong support Ja-
pan is receiving from neutral coun-
tries, Dr. Judd has returned to Amer-
ica to explain the situation about
which he has first hand information.
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, counselor
of religion, who has heard Doctor
Judd talk on several occasions, re-
gards him as "one of the most elo-
quent and convincing speakers" he

has heard.
Doctor Judd has lived in both North
and South China for more than 10
years, returning to this country in
1924 and 1931. At these times he
travelled extensively, lecturing at
colleges, YMCA and church student
groups.
Eclipse Of Moon
ar a iv

Principals In State Campaign

HotElectionsIn Five States'
A ttract National A ttention
New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin
Scenes Of Fierce Campaigning As Candidates
Seek Posts In Portentious Election Race

FRANK FITZGERALD FRANK

Personal interviews will be ar-
ranged for all applicants and the
time for these meetings will be an-
nounced in tomgrrow's Daily. Final
judging by the Council will be based
on recommendations of the judiciary1
committees, material contained in
the applications and the personal in-
terviews.I
Petitions of literary student should
contain signatures of 35 literary
sophomores, and those of engineering,
students should include signatures of'
25 sophomore engineers. Each sopho-
more may endorse but one prospective
candidate, Luebke said, and a petition
containing a violation of this rule will
be disqualified.
The Soph Prom committee will be
composed of eight members to be con-
stituted as follows: five from the lit-
erary college (including two women)
and three from the engineering col-
lege.

WASHINGTON, Nov. 7.-(/P)-Five7
states and two widely separated geo-
graphical areas stand out as places
to watch in tomorrow's national elec-r
tions. .
The states are New York, Penn-t
sylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Wis-t
consin. Widely differing factors serve
to give each its own "key state" val-t
ues this year. In the outcome of
their senatorial or gubernatorial con- f
tests might be reflected presidentialt
ticket portents of 1940.t
New York always heads the na-
tional election day parade for in-
terest because of its 47 electoral votes
and the huge delegation it sends to.
Congress. This year is no exception,
not only because it is President
Roosevelt's state but because a lead-
ing figure for Republican presiden-
tial nomination consideration in
1940 may arise there. The Republi-
can candidate for governor, Thomas
E. Dewey, is marked for national at-
tention over Gov. Herbert H. Leh-
man.
In Pennsylvania, also, 1940 presi-
dential year possibilities are at stake,
both Republican and Democratic.
Bitter fighting in the Democratick
party primaries raised G.O.P. hopes,
of winning the Keystone state back,
after its first lapse from Republican-:
ism in decades. If these hopes ma-
terialize, Judge Arthur H. James, the
Republican candidate for governor,
appears certain of a better than f a-
vorite son role in 1940. Election of
Governor Earle to the Senate over
the Republican incumbent, Senator
Davis, would be almost as certain to
revive' the Democratic presidential
boom for him which started when he
was elected governor. {
Another 1940 Republican candidacy
will be in the making in Ohio if
young Robert Taft defeats his New
Deal opponent, Senator Bulkley, for
a Senate seat. Ohio is always a pivo-
tal state politically, having resisted
Democratic inroads on its traditional
Republicanism except in the Wood-
Women Invited
To Coffee Hour
Dancing And Refreshments
On Program Today

MURPHY

Both Candidates Ignor
Precedent And Campaigi
Past Final Week-Enc
Final State Returns
May Hinge On Waynf
DETROIT, Nov. 7--P)-Michigan
Democratic Governor, Frank Murphy
and his Republican rival, Frank I
Fitzgerald, disregarded political prece
dent tonight and campaigned far int
the eve of the most bitterly conteste
State election in many years.
Both made radio speeches in De
troit tonight, although governorshi
candidates customarily conclude the:
campaigns during the weekend pr&
ceding the election.
Murphy To Vote In Detroit
Former Governor Fitzgerald, whi
hopes to reverse the results of 1931
and unseat Governor M u r p h ;
planned to leave late tonight for h:
including students recently pledge.
home at Grand Ledge, where he wi
vote tomorrow and receive the re
turns tomorrow night.
Governor Murphy will remain it
Detroit, voting here tomorrow.
A bitter fight between Albert.
Rapp, incumbent, and Hubert
Thompson, Democrat, for the, po-
sition of prosecuting-attorney, has
high-lighted the local and Wash-
tenaw County campaign. Demo-
cratic leaders declare themselves
"fairly sure" of defeating Rapp,
who has held the office for four
terms. Republicans, however, pre-
dict a clean sweep for the G.O.P.
ticket.
Little hope is held even by Dem-
ocrats that Washtenaw County
will upset tradition and go Demo-
cratic. They hope, however, to
hold the Fitzgerald margin down
to 2,000 or 3,000. G.O.P. officials
prophesy they will win by a margin
of 15,000,

row Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt
eras.
Michigan affords, in Gov. Frank
Murphy's reelection contest, a new
test of President Roosevelt's ability.
to keep the farm and labor vote lined'
up behind his New .Deal policies.
In Wiscoinsin, the LaFollette Na-
tional Progressive Party movement,
started during the summer by Gov-
ernor LaFollette, is meeting a critical
test. LaFollette's defeat for reelec-
tion in a situation confused by a
three-way battle between Progres-
sives, Republicans and Democrats
would spell a setback for the move-
ment. It would cloud the Governor's
hopes of third party action in 1940
and. his own chances of being or
naming a Progressive presidential
nominee that year.
Even Teletypers Wary
On Elections; Say 'Woo'
Gov. Frank Murphy and Frank
Fitzgerald are not the only men in
the State of Michigan who are in-
terested in the outcome of today's
election. Those unknown arms of
the Associated Press - the teletype
operators -- the men who transport
the news over the wire service -also
have their opinions, and not only
have opinions but also express same'
to the elucidation and amusement of
night editors all over the State.
In a canvass of all the AP tele-
type operators in the State last night,
the Daily received the following cryp-
tic information which you may take
or leave from the Republican or Dem-
ocratic viewpoint:
(By Associated Press)
"Lunch."
MCI speaking, "About five inches
snow in Ishpeming and Negaunee."
"Snow as thick as Democrats here
-big rally tonight," KB.
"The Demos are thick up here al-
so," HG.
"What ya mean??????"
"Just that there are plenty of
bemos in the Copper country."
"Somebody wanna bet, say a nickle,
that Murphy loses?" HG.
KB talking: "You are talking to
(Continued n Page 3)
Chang To Review
Chinese Publication

A forecast of rain or snow for elec-
tion day threatened to reduce the
1,500,000 total vote that had beer
predicted, but political observers were
agreed that the turnout of voters
tomorrow would set a new record for
a non-presidential election. The larg-
est number of ballots ever cast in ar
off-year election was 1,250,000, in
1934, although 1,800,000 votes weri
cast in the presidential election o:
1936.
Murphy's majority over Fitzgerald
in that election was 48,919.
Fitzgerald fortes were predicting
victory by 150,000 tonight, claiming
a 200,000 majority outstate and con-
ceding Wayne County (Detroit) ti
Murphy by 50,000.
'Edward J. Fry, Democratic Centra
Committee Chairman, predicteda
250,000 Murphy majority, 150,000 ir
Wayne County and 100,000 outstate
Harry H. Mead, Murphy campaigr
manager, claimed Wayne County b,
120,000 or 125,000 and -tie Uppei
Peninsula by 15,000 or 20,000.
Murphy Ied Last Year
Two years ago, Murphy led Fitz
gerald in Wayne County by 119,427
while Fitzgerald led outstate by 70,508
Murphy carried 21 counties out
state, nine of them in the Uppe
Peninsula.
Two public endorsements of Gov
ernor Murphy by President Roose
velt and the Governor's unequivoca
espousal of the New Deal gave th
election, a national aspect.
Nation-wide attention previousl
had been attracted by such element
of the campaign as Governor Mur
phy's policy of concilation during th
1937 sit-down strikes; testimony be
fore the Dies Congressional Commit
tee purporting to link the Governe
with Communists, and the Governor
espousal of the causes of organize
labor and the underprivileged.
Also to be elected are: a lieutenar
governor, secretary of state, stat
treasurer, attorney general and audi
tor general, with Democratic incum
bents all seeking reelection; 100 stat
representatives, 32 state senators, an
17 Representatives in Congress.
Union To Sponsor

I

Warmest Fall In 45 Years
Causes Ann Arbor Depression

(Editor's Note: This is the first in a
series of articles surveying business
conditions in Ann Arbor.)
By MORTON JAMPEL
The prolonged fall season, reported
to be the warmest in 45 years, has
brought a minor business depression
to Ann Arbor, causing extensive losses
that are daily mounting higher.
A survey of the fuel industry re-
veals that local coal and oil dealers
have suffered a total loss of business
estimated at $75,000 in the past two
months, as compared to the same
period last year. Business then was
considered by many local merchants
as exceptionally poor, but this year's
records run even under that. With
business as much as 90% behind in

had formerly used two tons by this
time.
The local fuel market, however, is
not flooded. Instead Ann Arbor faces
a very serious shortage in case of a
sudden cold spell, one fuel broker
pointed out. The dealer's chief ob-
stacle is collections, he said, and there
is little coal in the local yards be-
cause of the lack of money. A quick
and severe cold spell would create a
definite shortage that could not be
readily filled.
Many business men are looking for
relief in the Guffey Coal Act. It will
go into effect on Jan. 1, when the
federal government has promised to
have its price codes ready. Local deal-
ers praised the Act as a godsend to

Dancing, entertainment by Mimes, Prof. Y. Z. Chang of the English
and refreshments will feature the department will review Lin Yu Yang's
first Union Coffee Hour to which "The Importance of Living" at a
women are invited, to be held from meeting of the Association Book
4:30 to 5:30 p.m. today in the Union, Group at 4:15 p.m. today at Lane
James Halligan, '40, Union social Hall.
chairman, announced yesterday. He will criticize the validity of the

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